Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXXVIII MANNING, 8 C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 14, 1918
1 '![S GAS AITACK
Six Ov, rcome at North Carolina Sta
FIRST MOVE OF KIND
Destroyer Attacks Sub Off Virginia
Coast, and After .Dropping 17 p)epth
Charges, Appears on Surface
TWO STEAMSHIPS SUNK
British and Swedish Vessel Sent to
Bottom in New England Waters
-Sub Commander Talks
Washington, Aug. 12.-Gas from oil
discharged on the water by the Ger
man submarine operating off the Mid
dle Atlantic coast overcame six men
in the coast guard station and l*ht
house on Smith's Island, N. C., Satur
day evening ,the Navy Department
was advised today by the conmand
ant of the Sixth naval district.
If the gas attack was deliberate, as
most officials believe, it constituted a
new and ingenious form of "fright
fulness" and, so far as has been re
ported, was the first direct effort of
the German raiders to h.-m pernona
or property on th- Amin : -"
The gas was said by t!h c:, :
ant of the coart gu.ird staten to 'n,
'much the same effect as the '. uctm- I
gas used by the Germans no the west
ern front. The men were laid out for
more than half an hour, but appa-:ent
ly suffered no serious effccts.
Destroyer Attacks U-Boat
The dispatch relating to the gas at
tack was one of a series concerning
German submarine va--fam-c off the
Atlantic coast received during the day
by the Navy Department. One tol dof
an attack an a submarine 100 miles
east of the Virginia coast by an
.American destroyer, which discharged
seventeen depth charges where the
raider was sean to submerge. The re
sult of the attack was not determined,
but after oil had appeared an the sur
faceitwo bombs were dropped on the
spot, and -the submarine was not soen
British Steamer Sunk
Sinking of the British utsamer Pen
istone, of 4,139 gross tons, and the
Swedish steamer Sydh.nd, of 3,031
gross tons, in New England waters,
near where ten fishing smacks were
destroyed Sunday, was also reported
to the Navy Department during the
day. The former was torpedoed Sun
day, with the fate of her crew still
undetermined, while the latter was de
stroyed by bombs August 8 and her
Still another dispatdh said four sur
vivors -of the fishing schooner Katie
Palmer landed at New Bedford, Mass.,
reported they had been ta'ken abo-trd
the submarine, the commander of
which boaste4 that he was e(uipped
-to remain in American watera for s'ix
months- if he (lesired.
The submarine was described by the
men as being about 31 0 feet long, with
-a conning tower 15 feet Figh, and
-mounting one gun. The ritider carried
-a crew of sixty men, aIccording to th'
survivors, who were held aboard the
submersible for a time -an later set
adrift in a dory.
While the reports from -the com
mandants of the Smith's tliland coast
guard station and Sixth naval district
clearly indicated their firm :belief the
gas attack on the island -was delib
erate ,some officers today thought
there was a possibility that the sub
marine had dis('harged the oil and
gas after being 'wrecked on a reef.
Attention was called to the fact
that the action of, salt water evin elec
-tric batteries used by submarines gen
-erates chlorine ga., which is uumilar
to mustardl gas in b~s effects and :is
.deadlly if encountered in a closed
space. If the submar-hme ei-e wreeked
it-was said,this gas wouldl be generat
edl.und would come to the s:urface w.ath
the oil which wvould be freed.|
Off icial Stat ement
No such posibility, however, was
ment0oned in the Navy De-partmnent's
anlnouuieement, which saidI:
"The Navy Department has received
a dluipatkhi from the commnandant of
-the Sixth naval dlistrict, Charleston,
S. C., stating that an attack with gas
was attempted on the North Car-o..
lina coast about 5 o'clock Satur-day
' afternoon, with the result of te-mnpor
arily "putting out of business the
coast guardl station and light house
persoannl." Thew report goes on 1.o
"'A biout forty minmutes after the at
tack three large oil spots, eaceh over
oneO acre in extent, were observedl
passing by Smith island to tihe north.
This oil from wvhich the gas was no
doubt generaitedl miut have been re
leased from a submarine in the vicin
ity of the entrance to the channel with
the hope that it would conme in with
the tide, but fortunately set along the
Probably Mustard Glas
"'Report fas madle to Col. Chase,
coast artillery corps, Fort Cawell,
N.-'C., 'by Cap.t Willard, of the Smith
Island coast guardl, after the effects of
the gas were noted. Six men were
gassed. No deaths. The gas had the ef
feet of mustardl gas and was effective
about thirty-six or forty minutes.
- Colr of the gas has not yet been
ascertained and its effect on trees and
shrubbery not yet determined. The en
tire, matter wvill be investigated andl
rep T-Lmade.' .
47e incident was reperted by (,C.1
Chase to the. naval district command
ant. Smith Island is off the mouth of
the Cape Fear River, near the en
trance of the channel to Wilmington,
N. C." S
Assuming that the attack on the
island was deliberate, officials plain
ly were puzzled as to its purpose. The
only explanation was that the subia
rine commander sought to put the
lighthouse out of commission with the
attendant danger to passing ships. If
that were the purpose, however, offi
cials could not understand why the
commander did not destroy the light
house with his guns.
On the basis of reports received
concerning the attack on the subma
rine off the Virginia coast, officials
would not venture an opinion as to the
possibility that the U-boat. was de
stroyed. The time of the attack was
not given in the dispatch and cons':
quently, it was not known whether it
was before or after the gassing of the
men on Smith's Island. p
The attack may have occurred Sun
lay and been reported by radio. but
the more generally accepted belief
was that it took place several davs
ago, and since there was no conclusive
proof of destruction of the enen,
the destroyer waited until returnine:
to its base before report ing to T.;I
district naval commander.
When the destroyer sighted ti
raider at some distance. it dashed for
ward at full speed. The German i
dently was maintaining a sharp loo:
out, for the U-boat soon ubmerged.
The destroyer circled the spot and
dropped fifteen depth charges.
When the upheaval of the .r
caused by the terrific explosion hr.d
subsided, an oil scum was sc.r. A
this is a ruse long employed by ite
Germans when attacked, the destroyer
(lashed in and discharged two mort
bombs. The warship then cruised in
the vicinity some time, but no f urthr
trace of the raider was seen.
In discussing the submarine raid
with newspaper correspondent.. See
retary Daniels said he believed that
there are two U-boats operating on
this side of the Atlantic. He said -
(lid not believe that they have a is:e
on American shores and explained
that they frequen' iy replenish :heir
stores and supplies from vessei- t h y
Naval patrols on the coast:::' s
effective as can be, Mr ranie" de
clared, adding that it is impossiole
for them to be everywhere. Thus far
the raiders have done no rriatarv
damage, the Secretary said. am'I the
navy is carrying out successfuly ,s
paramount duty of safely c '.voyiny
Ameiean troops Overseas.
Since they began operations .l J
in the second raid in American atars.
simce this country entered t w.ar,
the submarines have accoumted for
thirty-one vessels, of which a. '
three have been destroyed in New
England and Canadian wat..-s. The
three exceptions were the Amrse:.n
steamers, O. B. Jemnings and Mt-rak
Qiald Diamond Shoal lightship No.
sent. down off the mild e Atom"
Presences of the raiders wa fir t
made nown by the sinking . the
Ameriei-an armored crinser, San Ii'-go,
off Fire Island, New Tork. by a :n
laid by a submarine. Since thtnu
teen fishing smacks, thre coal ;. s
a tug, a lightsh'i'p, four schoone rs anl
six steamers have bee-n de-t: :'l),'' o .
Most of the Vessels were of A.:: -.
Not Seriortmly Injvred
Wilmingtno, N. C., r u. 1.>.
mration from the coast gourd sta en
on Smith's Island, at the moath of th."
Cape Fear it er, tonght. is 1ha:t rino
of the victims of the Gerns:', V- i
tack there Saturday suffered ,-riois
in jur-v. Those who suffered at the
l~ight1houne' arei .undersrood t a:
'been the keeper, his wife fa 'ine
ot-her, coimposing the crew ui the
light house., while three -., th tast
guar-ds at the life sav'ing stat'o-,i ao~(
suffer-ed. A brood of chiel ens a the
reser-valtion was killed and ot h(r an
imal onl the place .shwedlii ons or the
gas.. Ca pt. Wiill is of the c-oast g-axd
station would make r)o stai:rint
Tl Wo .Suibmar ine.
I Unston, A ug. 1 2.--Ttv w S, s'i m Ti!It
raddtefishing fleet on George's
Bak aurdlay aritd the crews a h
fishing schooner-s Old Time aui Cro
er pobalyvere lost when their
boaits, were sunk by gunfare' wthout
wrnaccording to the cre-w of thbe
fishing schooner- Mary .sene-tt, who
were landed herec tonight. The Sen
nett was also sunk by gunfire andl
shells were fired a tthe [boats when
they were- pulling away, the firher
JAPS AND) CZECHS IN T1OUCJI
Nippon's Soldiers Alread.3 on Job in
The Hague, Aug. 1 2.,.Japanese ad
vance troops are in touch with the
Ccecho-Slovaks, says a Moscow dis
patch to the Weser Zeitung, of Brem
The Czech troops at Vladivostok
who have been in touch with the Jlap
anese for sonme time are separated
from their comradles in Western Si..
beria, who hold the trans-Siberianr
railroad wvest of Irkutsk. The Moscow
dispatch probably refers to a junc
tion between the Czeens in Western
Siberia and the .Janame.
The disappearance of Lieut. Ervin
Shaw on July 9th on airplane duty on
the French front, was a great shock
to his many war mfriends in Claren
don and Sumter counties. Ervm, who
is a grandson of Mr. and Mrs. D. W.
Alderman, was born in Alcolu, and
this fact alone endears him more than
ever to the people of Clarendon coun
ty. - The following eulogies on his life
were published in the Sumter Item:
Lieut. Shaw-missing since .1inly
the 9th. It was this report that add
ed to grief the dread of an awful sus
pense. Below are giver two letters
that will give to the pu.lie the de
tails of the information that hi'e
been sought in vain since the t irst
brief tidings came. Like Lieut.
Purdy's death Sumter shares the erief
of Lieut. Shaw's fall and it is no idle
curiosity that makes Sumter seek dlef
mite information; but it is because
Sumter claims these two sons as her
own and participates in the sorrow
and in the glory of their fall.
As Superintendent of schools for
so many years I have come very close
to the lives of these boys. I have
shared their joys nad entered into
their sorrows. I feel that I know
all of them as no one eis: has had an
opportunity of knowing all of thew .
When they left for the training camps
it was my privilege and pleasure to
bear testimony to their efficiency an
fi-lelity. As the news of their supreme
sacrifice comes to us, it is my sad
. f 4.
LIEUTI. ERVN SIIAW
Sumter, S. l.
Courtesy News & Courier.
privilege to speak more intimately
of these splendid young men as I
knew them. The real inspiration of a
te~achei's life is to see the full fruit ion
of the promises of early youth.
Ervin Shaw was a young man of
V..ry ine qualities. ie had to a h igh
degree, the qualities of loyalty, gen
tleness ;nd- honor. Few young men
in Sumter were ever more deservedly
popular. It is true that f amiliarity
breeds indifference and his knowledge
of machinery made him so indifferent
to its mysteries that it gave him the
relutation of reckl:'ssness. A perusal
of the letters from the front will show
that whVat appeared to be recklessness
as a familharit v with ma~chinerv
that gave him a mastery that markedi
).im immediately as '"the most dariug
HIis skill Ihept his (Iaring from beini.
II is letters to his home and his
condunct in camp all bear' tes'timlony to
the f'act that -real ren~gton is y~ttn a
hold upon young -men that it never
had before. They are broughnt face
to face every day wtth the eternal
verities andi this miakes them ) (ali'ze
as never before their dlependege up.
(in an onmilipotent God. It was true
m Pumrdy'an case; it was truOe ini Shaw's
case, andi ;t is trute in the live's oft
countie tho.msandls of the young
mnen "over there"' awt its juen irn m.)
fluen~ce is beinig felt nere more anid
moure (eery day. Ma, ar-- beginning to
regardl the (claimuls o, r'e-il r'eligiio,
as the e'ssenitial feature'. of t heir lai ly
Tlhe letters r'elat ive' to Lient.,Sa
are given below.
Respectfully aid -orially,
Suiperinte(ndient or City School-.
418 Squadron, R1. A. F.
B3. E. I"., Fra'ee, J1uly It), 1918.I
Dlear Mrs. Shaw:
"'si with dleep regret that I write,
Lelling you of your brave son's miis
fortune. I would like to hold out
<ome even small hopes but fear that
would be unfair. On the evening of
)th JIuly, in Bristol No. B. 1113, Lt.
Shsaw wvith Sgt. Smith as observer
went out on a single machine recon
iaissance (that means alone). When
le failed to return we made all in
'juiry andi were told by observers' on
the ground near our front line that
~hey had seen one Bristol fighting its
,vay back agailnst thr'ee enemy scouts.
After a long K truggle the BrIstol was
ueen to fall ini ninen in the tui. We
all feel Shaw's loss badly as he wasi
one of our very - bravest and coole.;t I
lads, always cheery and stout-hearted
no matter what work was wanted.
lie shot lown two enemy scouts
during hard fighting and would have
won honors had he been allowed to
continue his good work aloft.
Please accept ALL 48 Squadron's
deep felt sympathy. I'1
K. R. PARK, Major. (
48 Squadron R. A. F., B. E. P., t
France, July 13, 1,918.
ly Dear Mrs. Shaw:
Perhaps a message from one who
has been a close companion to your
son during his life in France may in
some measure make less heavy the
burden of your sorrow. In this hope
I take the liberty of werting to you, I,
To us he was "Molly," a name he
brought with him, though how he
came by it no one can guess. We were
the first "Yanks" in the squadron
(all Americans being "Yanks" to the
English). "Molly," arriving just a
few dlays later than I. Within a week
we were joined by John tood, another 1
of our countrymen. We t!ree nat- t
orally became hut mates, for fellow
Americans i, this far off country t
seem to bring one many miles nearer
Not long ago Good, who was flying t
right beside me in our "formation," I
was shot. down by one of the enemy
machines attacking. It was his first
"show" over the line-poor chap. We I
nissed him, Molly and I, and We two c
alone became great chums. Now,
there is but one A merican and he is
finding lFrance an empty place with
out his pilot mate.
The story of "Molly's" success here t
I Could tell you at length, but no c
doubt you have had from his own pen c
the account of his actual work as a t
fighting pilot. lie did not tell you
though how highly -his wort: was re
garded by his fllow pilots. This he
could not know and it is this that I I
pulrpose to tell you. In this life of
ours out here there is little thought of
compl iments. If one does well it is !
but his duty done. But l 't a man not ,
do his best, he hears of it shortly, It
no one hesitates a minute to inform 1
him of it. Among ourselves sharin|
each day the same <hangers we are
not apt to think one another brave.
One is abnormal only if he is not
brave. With "Molly," it was a bit dif
ferent. IIe not only always did his
best but from the day he arrived his
best was the equal of the squadron's
best. I know that we all regarded
Molly" as the most daring and skill
ful pilot among us. A "stout" chap
we say out here, this among flying
n~eui being the greatest tribute we can
pay to our heroes. When "Molly"
was ordered to go back of the line
fifteen miles on a dangerous recon
n'u ssance he went back eighteen or
twenty to bring ini a better and more
accurate report. W)hen he met Ihuns
though the odds were greatly against
him he fought them. "Molly" Shaw
has served his country well.
The circumstances 'f his passing
are not known to us here in any ,le
tail. It is known that as he was com
ling back to the line.s after a long
recoi nissa: i nce he was attacked by
three 11un machines. Their fire must
have cut some vital member of the
mach me's framing for it broke up in
I the air according to a report from
one of our advanced battery positions.
I at the time must have been quite
close. I was flying below a great
white cloud. .Just a bit of a plane
dropped through it. and fluttered idly
I down, down. I did ne', know then
did] not even guess tiat onte of our
men was fighting alone above the
Molly" was my best frienl out
here and though I had known hint
but a little while I was proud of the
knowing. Always at night before he
Iwent to bed he knelt. downi by hi i
cot and prayed. I lovedi him for that .
in this tiune of sorrow knowv t hat.
you have given to the treat cause for
'hmich. ont c (ountry is fighting. A.
At t he (Count y summ ner schuool for
colioredl teac1he.rs in sessionm here a spe-.
(end health day program will be held
;\onday, Auogust 19th, at II 4''cl'ck.
The prograi of s peakers is an.
Welcome)4 Add1,1ress on behalu f of soi.
mner school~ - Pr f. -t;. W. liIownr.
Jitdct ion Rev. Mel hili.
IFly-hlorne lI) sse- l )i.
Add re's~.1-Farim D.emnet rato6r.
Special Adldress-D-Ir. Thos. 1E. Alil
ar Acturiities- ProesorC.K
Special A'ldress---~ t. 1',. .J. 'I
E'xhibition-Girls Canning (Clumb, i
Miss G .E. Ilarvin. '
Repescentatives from each schjool nI
listrict in the County expect to at- t<
tend. Every colored minister ini the i
"ounty is most c'ordlially inv te to be a
prersent. The diate is Monday, August n
9t.Tpaeis uditoriumn colored ?u
scol ilyou bring a friend andn 01
be present at eleven o'clock ? C
I. M. A. MYERS,
Director Summer Schol
R8. R. D. COTHRAN
As P reSUlt of a seo 'eration
lr-. It. D. Cothran d5 d at a lI":pital
SCharle .( Mlonday af ternoon.
Cipt news came -.s a sheck .' every
nie, for while it was kn .wr that .Mrs.
ot' au wa's very i.ll, i: \'a:: thought
;at sh' was crov-in 1t." ttil Mol:ay
mlidd-ty, v ho he he rt sr eve w:y.
Ie ( body 'vas brougrht here as, ':ight
or buri', a'd fun'ral sv :- vili
>" hd thi: caft' o . .
S rivivig .\l r:. C'o'hra n are her
usaran' It. 1). Cothran and little Ruth '
othran, an only chi'd. A lady of
Suit , .gentle tanvter, Mrs. ('othran
-adieatr ( her "lf to all who e n
-uiaet wn. her .... . ii I who kmew
wer will mourn her.
SPEAK AT f ANNINGp
The itiheetinjg was quiet and uninter
-sting, the candidates handin out
heir dlaiy grind . The fol lowint: is
aken from the Charleston A merican:
Iaoniing, Aug. 1.--The last lap of
he state campaign opened at Man- 1
ling today with the candiulates ad
Iressing an audience of :01 voters at
he beginning of the meeting. This
umber swelled until the governor, the ]
a4t spreaker, addr1essedi betweeni t;00
mrd 700 persons.
The audience was not inclined to be
lemonstrativye, but heard all the
peakers with attention, and played no
Interest centered as usual in the
andidates for the governorship, '
hough the candidates for the minor
ffices had the attention of the audi- I
'nee and were liberally applauded at
he close of their respective efforts.
J. \I. Deschamps was the first
peaker u) for the governor and did|
I.' depart from his usual lines. lIIe
mit tie vot 'rs on notice that he was
In a dvocate of high taxes and that I
f elected the voters of the state and I
a'l-ayers could expect an increase in|
ax(' sufficient to meet existing 'con
.1ohn T. Duincan, who followed \lr.'
leschamps, p)a-lid his respects to his
>pp:'nents, analyzing their position on
,vhat they termed the issues and at
Aeht d the system, which he terme(d
h" real issue. and which he accused
1i: "o mpetitors; of dotigintg'. lIe dis
-u.'s'ed the rei'"'umation of the ('lum
ra.i anal, which h 'tated hadi been
toy'n frtom t:1.! stat.
John G. Richards again reiterated )
he necessity of a reduction of the tax
jurden and pledged himiself when
'lected to use all of the power' of t he
iov'ernor's office to bring about a sub
tantial reduction by the abol ition of
iseless offices, which ne stated hi e
bee I < rented of late years, and by the
curtailment of useless and extirava
:;ant appropriations which he said hal
been piled up on the taxpayers of the
state and for which there is ni neead
Majior RIichard~s sta ted that. he had
been before the people of the state bc
fore and that he was known either fa
vorably or unfavorably. The speaker
state:l that he had been a Reforn.'r
since 189t1 and that he still was a Re
former and fighting for the interests
of the people, and e'xpeeted to so ('iin
tinue as long as he had the power.
ILieutenant (Governor Bet hea spok
next. lie again assert 'id thait -h war,
was the i::sue brefore the p. pde h t .l:iy
ani while he favio'.-rd a nr:e exten- i
sive nnd exendal'd system of iu'a t:on,
good ropci arnd other iimprovieeits,
yet the praranount i::sru is hr win
ning of th: wir, and the imaikint: of
the world safe for l'mir crac v. Mlr.
liethe'a told of ls experi(t. .a
public official aiI aigreed trat hi- * -
p--rienc- a; liettenant giovernor an l
as prmi"te4 se'cretarry for Govrnrr ..\
si-I were rif miateriial benref't to hian
ini fiting h im for the govr lrnr's if
T'alks Ileas ier I'!pehnses
.\l r. ( 'oniper was thi' last sp~'eak r of
the rday. Mr . Cooper exp;laiarn-rI his'
views on the- tax quessrtion, staitirrc that
whnl' he; advocwatedl ecorniomy in staite '
gove-'rnment. yet he didi not see how,
thrn coul he)br anty orat IerrmaI reductiion
nof 'axis under presen;: coihlt ions. as,
iU rals rip to the state t. dio her pairt i
in .pir\ovrlhm for t he emroilri and
tjarmng ofC the sohliers retutrinr
fromri the fiehris of I rance, andr h i -
<hir to dlo 'that addriitonal ixpniisis
wouhIi hiave tor ire irrncre ans theii stant'
lidi rnot want tor~ idic;' the bui'ire ot
L'armii tfor her sions on thel naionail
ot'mn.Ar. C~oroer diisnssed tie
nchioiar iship loan fundI, anil staidi thiat
he reiaI 5soluti on oif thie problei of
~nau'a ig the boys and g is ouf t hi
taut wh dVid l. noit porss;ss silftejent
nfmdl to4 pay foir their own r'dniegrirn,
rn-n"ree with Mr. Hethiea that
he' war was the real bssso andri that
hi' bringing of the war to :a success -
uii conndtis ion was the aimii ton whir-i
ver iimlst noi dlevote' all of nour ienerg i'.
fI ll'OR'iTA NT 'I
'ii thiw liiwies ofC Maniie a tm..
endnnkr Cotunty :'
There are still aibout 150it undelr suit s f
ithe Red Cross roomr unmtiade. We
re i'xpecting ati any 1)me1 an aillot -P
ient to o1ur chapj ter from Iirulndquar
ris. Cain't wve clear the room before
ie niext allotment c'omires? All who
re' willing to take ot garmients to I)
make at home may do so by phoning in
lisa .JessIe McLean, at Mr. DtufRinit's It<
rfic'e over the Hlome' Bank and T1ruist i
MRS JIINS.WILSON ,
nirector Wo a. Wmrk
JNINE AND TROTlKY
R[[L TO KRONSTADI
serlin Papers Says Government Will
GEIRMAN EMBASSY TO .MOVE
1r. Helferrich and Stalff, 1ear' ap'
'Trouble in 110seon\. Mlove
Washington, \ug 12.- l'enner :.e
line ar l hi:s chief assistant, Ie.4t
rotzky, h:ve fled to Kronsta4dt. ac-,
ording to a dispatch sent out hy th
teini-official Wof 'I' Bureau, of B'erhr
dn printed in Zurich iws utpa rrs
ays a i ilavas report f(rom Paris.
.\msterda'm, Au. ri.lTe Hl1;:e
ik government, will .hortly ltave
tlriet'ow for Krol-t:alt, the Berlin
.okaI Anzeiger states today. 'rerner
.enine and War Mlinistei 'T'ro ks
a:Ve' alreadly reached hert. thilnl.
Rleports receivedl in, l.ondon1 Suprcas
hat the Bolshe vik leaders inteled t.<
1'he to (erm::Iny lend 'o!tor to the ;.r.
uan report that they atea'Iy :avt
rone to Kr'otstadt. ('optehag'n !i
ttche> Sundiy said that ti . anti-Bi)i.
;thevik movement in Russia wim grow
ng rapidly, and that the Itlsh, vik
ro'vr'1elnt'lt virtually hd: go"n1(' te
)neces. These reports were t~tker" :->ml
hA'nine.al ':m 1'rotzky h v: e beer. i.
lowe"tr smece thle- over(throw of the
(crensky -cabinet last. Nove'ber.
They negtotiatel the ir::t-Lit -:Sk
iluns 'tear Troubtle
A mnsterda m, Aug. 12.-Dr. I le.i--r
ith, the (;erimail albatss:mo' to Lu>.
ia, has informed the Btoviet G;ove rn
nellt that he will move the t'mbav\
141m 'iosow' to Pskov. huenuse h(
eats for the pertson:d safety of nif
taft, says an official telegram f--o
herlin. 'T'his action, it is added , -.a
evitied upon hecause of at iroclama,
ion of the social revolutionists that
hey were about to begin a reie"r of
error at Mloscow. lsko \wa.1s sele"ti
erauise corntlitions at P'etrotrradt ar(
imost a>: bad as at Moscow.
lieferring to the sh:f tin' t:' the
e'rnian diplomatic ase at i iu.t:' :he
ossithe Zeitung, of tlg rlin, say,
The removal of the German t."
assy from Mloscow to l'skov shtS it
arid fight on the seriousness f' )
olld shtow that the Htolshevik m"i(.
mbassador Itllfferich left I'fire :h(
tbassy staff because he freare,: '
'The state of things lie foun t-.
tlosc oV may best he judged fro t h
act that the Soviet i-ove'rnmlent' i
vin a'ccoril relieved him 44 f t - -
if payin~g the custolmary otffic"i:0 -.t
>.n his arrival to dhliver his enr i ,
The newspaper plaintivele" ad,
".\loscow is ill the hai1s. of :,t
erm1an1 lemntttts andl tbe ",lh ' ers
af the social revolutionists of the Let.
i'iis woui show that the i oi'.' \ :;;
'ul(. at .Moscow is at :n en anhi thi
s the case not only at. .Mlsc-ow hut )
he treater part of Russia, if r, ,,n
he whole R(ussian Eimpire. Tin
brow\s vivid light onl the fa:ilum t.'
he (;erman policy in the ea t.
111117Z M A1 iN(.
The f latue', A ag. 12. .- ermst l.u
pape'rs are atsktingt pointeitl 4 uie t,,
[onIe'trll ir4g reserves in thfte \ts: a
ire caustic in their comiment. .1 B:r
lin dispatch to The Post of .\lto t (
r'omplains of the attemipts of cretanr.
ierman official circle. to conc:' thlt
truth from the people. It savs thi
has d one inealculalie h:trm' :.:,. i
hirigely retsplonlsiblt' lort'h14e fill 1ii hit
tt'rnes's. Th'le tdispiatchf adls
dtirff' con ftssedl 41)'5 1ur s 4rtli it 1lar'
11:44 f'ailt't, Prince 4 h-nryI of P r':-.
'Turish4 atach ad 'u. 1'dM:,b
Gt rnmn v )'.\''ict y.Soth (14 I rmy14
45the furk4t-of at'a 'in'.'
4ee ivat I periorf. i' i '
ittins blZ'. p' .hffi' t',r nnii~4. '
.o t i IHear,'
41 , 1.n).ey ro h
'Ih t' sen'' t~tf 141 fhe '' ''"n
4 1d14he A e .4:1onst ite ith e I:
ir)(t rinc Praupp ate-ay'l
ro h'ad the WMpc~