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No.5 S. Main
WINNERS Of PRIZES
OFfERED BY THE FIRST
Mr. Leland Smith of the Manning
School and Miss Fabian Broadway of
the Pinewood School, winners of
prizes offered by The First National
Bank of this place.
At the beginning of the year The
First National Bank of Manning put
in most of the schools of the county
a very handsome Calendar dlepicting
"The Sailing of the First American
Battle Fleet undler Lieutenant Paul
,Jones," and otleredl a prize of $15.00
in go!d for the best pa per upon this
event, and $ I0.010 in gol for the see
The .iudlges, a fter going over care
fully all the pa pers present ed, decided
that Mr. I .elandI Smith of the Mlanning
school was entitled to the first prize,
and Miss Iabian Broadway of the
Pinewoodl School was the winner of
the second prize.
A read inig of these papers printedl
elsewhere in this issue wvill show the
diligent study and careful thought on
the part of these young people.
It was the tpurpose of the IhankL of
fic ialIs to present these prizes on iel
Day, but, becaurse the schools have
been thrown back so mnuch by the in
fl uenza, Vield Day has been uandon
ed, so it has been oetermin ed to pre
sent themi at the Graded School bu ild(
:ng in Manning at 9 A. M. on Wednes
day, the 23rd dlay of A pril, and these
young people and their friends are
rmpuestedl to be present prompltly at
'The First A merican Fleet."
About one hundred and fifty years
ago, there lived in Scotland a man
who had one son. This poor man's
name was .John Paul, and this was
:also the name of his son. '[he rich
man's garden that "'Big John" worked
in. was near the sea and "Little .John"
ofteii spent much(1 of h1is time playing
near the sea. We wished very much
to hecomie a sailor some day.
"Little John11" lived In a small cot
tage by this sea with his father, until
ho reached his twelfth year. Then he
wvent to work in a store in the town) of
Whiitehaven. This town was a very
busy place; ships and sailors were
there so much of the time that the
little boy had rather go dlown to the
docks and talk to the sailors and hear
their many interesting stories than
to stay in a store and work.
Hie dletermined to go to sea. Ie be
gen to study all about snips and how
to sail them, and rend all the nauti
cal hooks he could get his hands on,
while other boys of his age, were
asleep or in mnischief.
At last his wish had been fulfilled.
At the age of thirteen he became a
sailor on the ship called the "F~riend
This vessel was bound for Virginia,1
in Anmerica, for a cargo of tobacco.
TFhe little snilor boy greatly enjoyed
the sea voyage and was much delight
1 .with the new conty nacrs tem
ill be in Evide
OX FO R
sea, to which he came. He wished
very much that he could live in this
great country and determined some
day to go there again.
When John's first voyage was over,
he returned to Whitehaven, and back
to the store where he had first work
ed. The merchant who owned this
store soon failed in business and John
was out of a job and had to take care
of himself. So this time he became
a real sailor. For thirteen years he
continued to be a sailor.
le was such a good one, that at
the age of twenty he became a cap
tai. Now let me toil you how he
became one. While he was on a ship
im the midleC of the Atlantic a fever
broke out causing death to the captain.
'The mate next in rank to him and
all of the sailors were sick. There
wals no one on the ship who knewv
anything about sailing it except young
John Paul. So he took command of
the ship and sailed into port without
acc'idlent. The owners were so pleased
with his success that they made him
Living on the banks of the Rappa
han nock river in Virgmnia, Jlohn had
)ne brother, lHe visited h is brother
several times and when his brother
lied John gave up his sea life for
awhile and went to live on his
b~rot her's farm.
When John became a farmo'r he
hanjgedi his nlame to Joes. A nd so
Little .John Paul'" became known all
>ver the w >-10 as5 ".Johni Paul .Jones."
While het was a farmer in Virginia
he A merican Revolution broke out.
When war broke out, .John Paul
Jones, being more of a sailor than
farmer, wished to fight the British.
fhis was a vewv bold thing to (do be
ause England was the most powerful
1iation on the sea. The king had a
leet of about a thousandl ships of war,
,vhile A merica had none. But JTohn
Patul ,Jones said, '"We mtust have
Soon after this the Americans got
ogether five small ships to whip the
m~ightiest sea power on earth.
Paul JTones was made the first lieu
enant of the ship '"Alfred." Hie was
.he first man to hoist on any ship the
~arliest American flag. The flag had
:hirteen red and white stripes, but
nstead of the stars that are now on
Lhe flag, it had a pine tree, with a
rattle snake coiledi around it, and
mnderneath were these words, "Don't
tread on me."
And the British who did tread on
1im was terribly bitten, for .Jones was
i brave man and a hold sailor. He
larted up) andl down Long island
soundl, carrying soldiers, guns and
food to G;eneral Washington, and, al
~hough one great British warship, the
'Cerebus," tried for weeks to catch
him, had to give up the chase, for
John Paul Jones could not be caught.
F~or all this good work, this bold sailor
wias made Captain .Jones, of the U. 8.
navy, andl it is said that he was the
First captain made by congress.
H-e sailed up and down, the coast
1unting for British vessels. It ii9 said
that in the course, of n~ix weeks, Mie
taptured sixteen vessels and'destroyed
mnany 'p-ore.' / On thes'e svessels wveyxe
slothine and other ciargo. which he
mice Easter Su
Correct S ha
DS---H URLE i
sent into port to clothe Washington's
The next year he Aail to France in
a fine, new, ship called the "Ranger."
Before he rode out of the Portsmouth
Harbor, he rau up the mast head of
the "Ranger," the first stars and
stripes ever raised on a ship.
He went to France and had a talk
with Benjamin Franklin, the great
American, who induced France to help
the U. S. in the Revolution. Then
after he had sailed through the whole
French fleet, and made them all fire
a salute to the American flag, he
steered away for the shores of Eng
land, and so worried the captains and
sailors andl people of England, that
they would have given anything to
catch him. But they could not.
The English king and people did
not think that the A mericans wvouldl
fight, atnd especially not on the sea.
T'he English despised and made fun
of the "Yankee Soldiers" as they call
ed the Americans. But when captain
JIones came sailing along in his fine
ship entering English ports andl burn
img ships and villages, they began to
The F"rench decided to help the
A mericans in their war for indlepend
en ce. So soon after Captain .Jones
was put in com mand of five ships. and
hack he mailed to England to tight the
British ships again.
The vessel in which Paul JIones sail
ed was the largest of the five vessels.
It had forty guns andl a crew of three
hundred sailors. Captain Joenes
thought so much of Franklin that he
named his ship for Franklin. He sail
el it the "Bon Homnme Richard, which
:s the French for "Good Man Rich
ard." The ship was not a good one
:f it was a large one, because it was
leaky atnd rotten, hut Captain ~Jones
made the best of it.
The little fleet sailed up and down
the English coast, capturing a few,
p~riz.es, and frightening the people by
saying that they hod come to .burn
sonie of the English sea towns.
But .iust as they were about ready
to sail hack to France, they came near
an English cape, called Flamborough
Head, upon a great English fleet of
ships, forty merchant vessels and two
One of the warships was a great
English frigate called the "Sevapis,"
very nmuch finer and stronger in every
way than the "Bon Hlommne Richardl."
flue Captain .Jones would not run
away. "What ship is that?" called
out the Englishmian. Conic a little
nearer andl we'll tell you," plucky
Captain Jones replied.
A t seven o'clock in the evening the
British Frigate andl the "lBon Hlomme
Richard," began to fight. They banged
and hammieredl away for hours, and
then the English captain thought that
he must have beaten the Americans,
for it was so dark that the Americans
and British could only aee each other
by the fire flashes, so- he called out
to the -American, eaptain, "Are you
heaten?" -Hv tiuh'led down your
flag yet?" -
And Ihack caine the answer of Cap
tain JTonds: "I haven't beg~un to fight
At last when thn no~or "Uichiard"
es.. W are P
es in Felts an
IAVE JUST I
was shot through and on fire, and
seemed ready to sink, Captain Jones
made one last effort. It was success
ful. Down came the mast of the
"Sevapis," crashing to the deck. Her
guns were quiet, her flag came tumbl
ing down, as a sign that she gave in.
Captain Jones, after the surrender
put all his men into the "Sevapls,"
and sailed off to the nearest friendly
port, with his prisoners. This victory
made him the greatest sailor in the
whole American war.
He had made a great record as a
sailor and sea fighter. France, as
has been saidl, was on -America's side
and when he went to France, after the
victory, he was received with great
He was a brave sailor, and was in
France to get help, however, and not
complements. HeI wished a new ship
to take place of the 01(d "Richard,"
wvhich had gone to the bottom after
its glorious victory.
Hec was madec captain of the new
shipi "Arie,''- and sailed from France
Lo A merica.
He was receivedl with great honor
and appllause. Congress gave him a
vote of thanks for the "zeal and prud
ence with which he hact supp)orted the
honor of the American .Flag."
Co)ngre(ss set about to build a new
ship for him to command, but before
it was complete~d, the war was over.
After this he was sent to France
on some important business for the
U. S. after he had ficshed this, the
Russians asked him to come help them
fight the Turks.
Captain .Jones said that he would
go if t-he U. S. said he~ could. The
U. S. gave him leave, but the English
offlcers who were fighting for Russia
refused to serve under him, because
they said, he was a rebel, a pirate
and traitor. For they had not for..
gotten him. for frightening and beat
ing the English in the Revolution.
They called him these names because
he, born in Scotland, bad fought for
Thir made it very unpleasant for
JTones and he had so hard a time in
Russia, that after many wonderful
adventures and hard fighting he gave
up the Russian war and went back to
Soon after he returned to F'rance
he was taken seriously ill, and though
he triedl to fight against his sickness,
he could not recover. The' queen of
France sent her own doctor to attend
him, but all efforts wvere of no avail.
On the eighteenth day of July in
the year 1792, when he was but forty..
five years of age, he passed away.
The French gave him a great funeral,
as theIr token of respect and honor.
.A few years ago his body was found
in a grave yard in the city of Paris,
where he had been buried more than
a hundred years ago. .It -was taken
up with great honor and carried
across the 'ocean in a great warship
and buried again in the U. S. So
this hero lies at rent in the land which
f ejad. chosen acs his own.
;Jfeland Eniith. Manning.mHig School.
"The Sailing of the First Americas
Battle Fleet Under Lieut. John
.John Paul Jones is entitled to a con
spicuous place in American History
yet, the details of his career are littl<
known. Unlike other American heroes
he left no family to preserve his rec
ord. Tho his history is written it
English, French and Russian, the hali
has never been told.
John Paul was born in Scotland ir
a little fishing hamlet, about 1750
When he was not forced to hel) makt
the family living by fishing in th
waters of the Solway he attended th<
little parish school. At the age ol
twelve he besought .his father to let
mgo on a vessel boundl for the new
world.. He loved the sea, loved it!
pursuits, and his disregard for itc!
perils was often a subject for remark
His seamanship one (lay came under
.he observation of a Mr. Younger, whc
was ready to sail to the new world
and John Paul was offered a place as
master's app~rentice on this ship. He
rhbtaimed his father's consent and set
>ut upon this 'oywge, Such was the
sea birth of r r.s e .e 'powver, the
father of the American navy.
F'or four, years John Paul continued
in the service of Mr. Younger and was
rapidly promoted to the position of
first mate. A fter leaving Mr. Younger
he entered the slave trade andl comn
onn ded vessels for owners trading in
Not th A merica and the West Indies.
. . his trips to Virginia he often
v'isitedl his brother, the adopted son of
Willin m .Jones. Thus, until he was
ayenty-seven0 years of age, he spent
uds life upon the sea. By this time
ie knew Naval history, had masteredl
Srernch and Spanish, andI was as high
!y edlucatedl as any naval officer of
When in nort he sought the s :>iety
>f people of prestige, and was every.
wvhere aecepted as a man of culture
Upon the decath of this brother in
1773 he became heir to the valuable
Fones estate, so changtng his name to
John Paul Jones he exchanged the
leek of merchant brig for the broad
ieres of a Vir'rinia plantation, thus
:asting his lot and fortunes with us.
Then came the clouds of war, Hie
,vat-:hedl the gathering of the cloudls
lndl force saw the need of an army at
en. Lord Nelson said, "A naval of
'icer', unlike a military commander,
ias na fixed plan. Hie must always be
-endy' for the hcance. It may come
omorrowv, or next we'ek, or next year,
r never.-but he must be always
eadly," and .John Paul .Jones was al
,vays ready. He was in New York
when he heard of the battle of Lox
ngton. He immediately madeo ar
-angements regarding his business,
nd offered his services to the Ameri.
an government. Then he began with
1ll his wonderful energy to p>repare
o meet the dluties that he knew he
vould be called-tipon to perform. Tho
.Scotchman, he linked his destiny
vith the Americans.
Congress met on May 10, 1775, and
lPoinjted a itatal committee to on
uire arto and report on the organi
ation of a naval force, John Paul
ones wan anod t4 meet +t,. co-it
"i' . r' 0'' ' o
1 " 1F
IM ER,, S.C"
" MM }
e a t s e
JM TER, S. C. I
tee and advise them as to the proper
qualifications of a naval officer,, and
the kind of vessels best to be used,
So valuable did the committee deem
his service that he was asked to in
spect and report on about twenty ves
sels then at the disposal of Congress.
Of this number five were selected as
the foundation of the first American
fleet. In December of 1775 he was ap..
pointed by the naval committee as
Lieutenant. He was placed in tem
porary command of the Alfred, where/
he had the pleasure of hoisting the
American flag, which was not the
stars and stripes, but the pine tree
and the rattle snake, with the motto;
"Don't tread on me." It may be said
here that Jones did not favor this
in May 1776 he was given com
mand of the Providence, a small ship
of twenty-eight guins and one hundred
and seven men. He at once sailed on
a general cruise from the Bermudas
to thee banks of Neew Foundland.
All things considered this cruise of
the little Providence, undler command
of JTones, won the honor of being the
first real effective cruise of an Amer
ican man-of-war. it was beyond
doubt the first that reflected' credit
on our flag or hurt our enemy. This
cruise .captured sixteen enemy vessels,
kept eight of theem and destroyed the
Not being satisfied with the above
record Lieut. .Jones made two daring
invasions ashore. The first in Nova
Sceotia, where he released several
A merican pt isoners, destroyedl several
English fishing vessels and brought
away one laden with salt fish. The
secondl was on the isle Madame, where
he dispersed the Tory garrison and
capturedl arms and ammunition.
After these exploits he was made
captain. During the rest of the war
he dlestroyed many British ships and
did much to bring the war to a sue
cessful conclusion for the Apierican
army. He landed at Philadelphia ori
Feb. 18. 1781, and gave up his com
mand of what remained of the Amer
ican battle fleet. So doing he brought
to an end his connection with the
American or Continenital navy. Iiis
service for the cause of freedom last
edl over five years, and served to
nmake of him the leading figure in the
IPrimary annual of the American
navy, lie was naval Lieutenant at
wentiht, Captain at twenty-nine,
omi.r.iore at thirty-two. At thirty
three nie was the ocean hero of the
whole worfd--the most famous sea
victor of his time-thanked by Cory
gross; selectedl as special enifoy to
court; charged with difilcult missionA.
At forty he was voted a gold medal
by Congress. He was the vicd dmiral
of the navy of an Empire 4at fortif
one, At forty-three he was a proin,~
mnent figure In France,'ad'at forty
five he died while in Rlussia. N?~s
poleon said he diedl bofore his 4estily
had- been fulfilled-4hat'. he wou lI
have b~een the first adniiral of ran!:
had he lived.
'Fobinn Ifoa lway newood School
ADV!ETISE IN TflRTJmanp