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Manning Tobacco Market Always Leads the State
VOL. xxxix MANNINGS C. WDNEDY JUL2311. N.0
RIOTING BREAKS OUT
AGAIN IN WASHINGTON
Member of Home Defense Guard Kill
ed; One Wounded, White Man
Cut With Razor.
CLASH OCCURS IN
Scores of Negroes Arrested for Carry
Arms; Seven Dead and
Washington, July 22.-Race hatred
in the national capital engendered by
attacks on white women by negroes
and fanned by three successive nights
of rioting, found expression again to
night in clashes between whites and
)lacks. A home defense guard was
shot and killed, a second guard fa
tally wounded and another white man
slashed severely by a razor wielded by
a negro. All of the negro assailants
The outbreaks, however, were spo
radic and confined to a single vicinity
near Eighth and M streets, the center
of the black district of the northwest
section. This was due in the )pinion
of the authorities to the extraordinary
precautions taken to prevent forma
tion of mobs and to a rain which be
gan early in the evening.
Troops Patrol Streets.
Approximately 1,500 troops-cavalry
infantry, marines -nd sailors-pa
trolled the streets and waited in re
serve for possible outbreaks, supple
menting regular and volunteer police.
Detachments of marines from Quanti
co, Va., and regulars under command
of Major Gen. William G. Haan, from
Camp Meade, arrived early in the eve
ning and took up stations In various
parts of the city or on the outskirts.
Tonight's casualties brought the
number resulting from the rioting,
which began Saturday night, to seven
persons dead, eleven believed to be fa
tally wounded and scores injured,
n-ore or less seriously.
Home Guard Killed.
The'only fatal outbreak tonight up
to midnight resulted rom the stop
ping of a negro by Isaac Halbfinger, a
home defense guard. Halbfinger at
tempted to search the black, who drew
a gun from his pocket and shot the
guard through the heart. Another
home guard, like Hlalbfinger, armed
only with a riot stick, ran to his com
panion's assistance and also was shot.
He died later. The negro escaped.
Negroes in several parts of the city
were reported to have fired on passing
whites but in no other instances was
any one killed or injured. Scores of
negroes were arrested tonight charged
with carrying fire arms, with which
they have been stocking up for sev
Many Riot Calls.
A statement issued by the govern
ncrrt authorities denied the situation
had been out of hand at any time last
night, when riot calls were sounding
from half a dozen places at a time.
The authorities also decided not to
ask that martial law be declared, al
though resolutions introduced in the
House (luring the (lay urgedl that the
President he asked to take action.
President Wilson took cognizance of
the situation today when he called
Secretary Baker to the White House
for a conference on steps that might
b~e taken by the military in coopera
tion with the civil authorities to p~re
vent recurrence of the outbreaks. The
President was understood to be great
*Marines and Cavalry.
After the conferences Secretary Ba
ker announced that the troops ordered
from Camp Meade constituted a very
large number and that Major William
(,. Hanan would be in command. Sec.
d"etary Daniels said a substantial force
of marines had been ordered in for
night patrol duty.
Cavalry again replaced a par' 'n
the police work holding lines about
the congested negro sections to pre
vent mob attacks by either blacks or
whites. Police and soldiers again
struggled to keep the downtowp thor
oughfares clear of crowds.
$M The scattered nature of the attacks
through the three nights of growing.
disorder Washington has experienced
malle the situation difficult, while riot
lag was its worst downtown, panic
stricken negroes fired indiscriminately
from the barriraded doors or winlows
of their homes. Others whirled
through more outlying streets in au
tomobiles, firing wildly at any white:
they saw. The resolutions introducer.
today ranged from that by Repre
sentative Clark, Democrat, of Florida
chaigjng that the district governmcnx
had "utterly failed" to put a stop t<
the crime wave that has swept th
city for a month and caning for con
gressional investigation, to those o
Representative Emerson, Republicar
of Ohio, and Representative Vaile, Rth
publican, of Colorado, demanding tha
martial law be declared. Representa
tive Emerson's resolution declared the
situation was a "national scandal" anl
called for protection of citizens, "irre
spective of color." white Representa
tive Vaile declared the "dignity ani
honor" of the United 8tates require(
a inartial law enforcement of order.
Senator Harrison, Democrat, of Mi
sissippi, introduced a bill to separat
the races on street cars.
Representative Hill, Republican, o
New YOrk, introduced a bill to reg
ilate the sale of firearnm;s in the dis
trict. In the absence of any such lav
the district commissmoners induce
hardware dealers and others to stol
the sale of weapon:. At least 500 re
volvers were said to h:ve been sol
in a single (lay during tae disturbanc<
Steps to curb the terror cars throug
requiring special tags for operatio
after dark, also were dircussed, but n
Even while the rioting was at it
height early today reports of anothe
attack upon a white woman came
Frightened away once, her assailar
hid and seized her as she left he
house. She esecped only when all bu
stripped of her clothing.
The police did not make public thei
plans for the night, but, supported b
the increased provost guard, army m
tor trucks armed with machine gun
and crews, cavalry and the detach
ments of regulars and marines order
ed into the city tonight by the Wa
and Navy departments, officials assert
ed their confidence that the situatio
could be controlled.
Norfolk, Va., July 22.-The city wa
quiet and orderly tonight followinf
the clashes of Monday night betwee
the police and negroes- incident t
the home-coming celebration for th
City and police ofticers decided"~ i
was unnecessary to suspend the cole
bration. A double force of patrolmel
were on duty tonight in the negr
MARINE STRIKE IS FAR
FROM SET'L'IEMENT WITH
OTHER SEAMEN JOINEI
New York, July 22.-The clos
shop demand of the striking seameni
continues to be the stumbling bloed
in the way of a settlement of the <ea<
lock that has tied up coastwise trad,
for more than two weeks at this ani
other Atla4ntic ports.
No prospect of overtures from the
steamship owners was possible, ac
cording to officers 'f the Ameriemi
Steamship Associ' m, who reiteratet
previous statements that (questions o
wages and hours of work could he ad
justedl, but that the owners would no
agree to the closed shop principle.
The union committees in charge o)
the strike declaredl today that th<
men were preparedl to remain out in
definitely. With both sideCs firm ii
theoir stand and no compromises it al
peared probable that the dlisputi
might be referred to the dlepartmen
of labor's dlivision on mediation am
The marine engineers, who hav(
been actively aidling the strikers b3
refusing to ship on boats where non
union men have taken the place ol
strikers virtually joined the strik<
yesterdlay when the organization seni
out circulars directing its -memibers
not to sign for voyages, except foi
shipping companies wnich met theb
demands. Creivs of towboats of sev
erab railroad companIes engagedl ir
hauling coal barges from New York
to New England, have struck, demand
ing $15 more a month. The strikeri
on tow boats are not connected with
the striking ocean seamen.
Married on July 9th. at the home ol
the brides' parents, Mr. and Mrs. J.
B. Hodge, Miss Lbattie JHodge and Mr.
Mrs. D. M. Bra dham and Miss Caro
Brudham have returned from a twe
v'.ks stay at Sullivan's Island.
Miss Grace N immer entertained the
yornver set last Thurs'lay evening
:r h : f Mi.;s Hannah Lcvy of
The revival meeting conducted by
Messrs. Andrews and Curry undei
tent is drawing large crowds to both
morning and evening services.
Miss Marion Killian of Columbia
md her little neice Jessie Carmichae
have returned home from a week
visit at the home of Mr. and Mrs. E
1. Tindal in the fork.
We understand council has unde
advisement the putting of all electri
I light wires in the business portion o
1 the town underground. This is an
other progressive step, and woul<
help to beautify our town.
Mr. Laurens Bradham has return
ed from Miami, where he was th
guest of Lieut. and Mrs. James Mat
thews. Lieut. and Mrs. Matthews an
Master James Matthews, Jr. are ex
pected today to visit relatives here.
D. W. Griffith's big picture "Th
Greatest Thing in Life," will be a
The Pastime Friday night. Also
- two-reel comedy. First show will b
I at ( o'clock, second show at 9 o'clocl.
Admission 35c and 50c.
The engineers from the State II igh
way Commissioners o:Sice are her
>.:::.i:1ICthe survey of the road acre
Black River to the Sumter count
line. We hope work will start short
ly on building this roar.
Bids .were opened last night by cit
t council and Engineer Lee for pavin
some of the streets of Manning
Sinmons-Mayrant & Co., of Charles
t ton were the successful bidders. Shee
Asnhalt will be used and work mus
r" .,Lm e witihin 2U davs. This contrat
will cost approxi'-ttely $100,004.00.
Messrs. W. M. Plowden and .lo
SDickson l1ft Saturday evening by an
- toiob:le on a trip in West Virgini:
. Mr. Dickson's family is up there an
r will return with him. Mr. Plowde
will visit his brother, Rev. Jame
- Plowden in Richmond before comint
('ARID OF APPRECIATION
Editor Manning Times:
We want to express our apprecia
i tion to you and all the kind friend
who have written so beautifully anu
otherwise sympathized with us in ou:
sad hour. May God's blessing b
be with all.
W. M. Plowden and family.
I'RICE OF GROCERIES
FROM ARMY S'T'ORE:
Washington, July 21.-Senator Dia
has obtained additional informatioi
relative to the sale of surplus arm:
subsistence stores in carload lots t(
municipalties. Sales for South Caro
lina will be made through Capt. A
.J. Graham, zone supply officer, Trans
portation Building, Atlanta. Cannes
and cured meats will be sold at the
following prices, which are about 2(
per cent less than the governmen
paid for them. Bacon per pound (b
crates) 34 cents; in 12 pound tins 34
cents. Beef, corned, No. 1 cans, pe
doz("n, $3.60; No. 2, $(f.96; six pound
cans $21. Beef roast, No. 1 cans, $3.41
one poundl, $4.92; two pound, $7.92
six pound, $26.40; lash coirned beef
one poun-I (cans, per dozen; $2.76; tw<i
pounid, $4.80). Canned vegetables wil
be sold1 at invoice price to the gov'
Thne price will vary slightly in th<
several zones by reason of the fac
that they were supplica by hundred:
of different canners at varying )nil
prie.n. Price lists will be fuirnishe<n
by C apta in Graham from his office it
Atirnta. Captain Graham can dea
only with intendants and mayors anc
can ship only in car lots of 30,00t(
pounds or more. He is not conc'erne<
with the manner in which the muni
eipality shall offer the goods to th<
public, further than to stipulate thai
it shall be at cost and to the gener'al
Ui. 3. BUYING PRUNES
TO FEED TO 8OLDllIR
Washington, July 22.-Bids for 1,
500,000 poundls of prunes of the 19I6
crop, the army surplus,,has been ask.
edl by the war department, sales to be
in not less than carload lots. Sealedl
proposals will be opened July 28 ir
Boston, New York, Baltimore, A tlanta
Chicago, St. Louis, San Francisco
Omiaho. El Paso and San Antonio.
PROHIBIITION BILL, PASSED
BY A BIG MAJORITY
I)rastice Enforcement Bill is Passed
Passed Py House By Vote of 287
tq 100-Three Members Voted
"Present"--hill Invites Veto. Say
Washington, July 22.-The prohibi
tion enforcement bill, described by
members opposing it as drastic enough
to invite a presidental veto, finally
was passed today by the house.
The vote was taken after a motion
by Representative Igoe, Democrat, of
Missouri, to recommit' the bill, had
been defeated 255 to 136. Nearly
every member of the house was in at
a tendance and there was so much
noise during the roll call that Repub
1 lican Leader Mondell was recorded as
- supporting the Igoe motion. Ile was
permitted to change his vote.
The vote on the passage of the hill
was 287 to 100; with three member.
"GRAND OLI) MAN
01" ARMY" LANDS
New York, July 22.--On the steam
t er Rotterdan which broug..-ht units of
the Fifth Division from France today
was the "granrl old man of the army''
in the person of Col. W. F. Harrell, of
Marion, S. C. He was wounded seven
times in the fighting in France, but
wore only two wound stripes, which,
according to his brother oflicers, it
- took orders from a superior oflicer to
make him put on.
Col. Ilarrell, known to his regiment
as "Two Gun Harrell," went overseas
as a captain in the 16th infantry. ie
~ wore many decorations.
t Other officers arriving on the Rot
t teir(ami included Col. .J. M . Jenkins, of
IN FAVOR OF WATKINS
Washington, July 22.-The senate
judiciary committee today made a fa
vorable report on the nomination of
Henry P. Watkins to be federal judge
for the Western district of South Caro
lina and he will probably be con
firmed at the next executive session
of the senate.
MILITARY PRISON STRIKE
Leavenwor,' , Kas., July 22.--Twen
ty-five hundred military prisoners in
the disciplinary barracks at the feder
al prison here went on strike today
and resisted attempts of the guards
to force them to work. Col. Frederick
I Rice, commander of the barracks, re
i eeived a committee of twelve prison
r ers who asked that the men be given
shorter hours and more to eat.
STRIKE TIES UP LINERS
Liverpool, July 22.-Virtually all
the liners to sail from Liverpool today
were unable to leave their piers, be
cause of a strike of the doch gatemen,
in sympathy with the meni engaged
on the dredges who are out. By the
- end of the week, it is feare.l, the
I 30,000 dockers in Liverpool will oin
ASKS J)IVORCE FROM
"HEARI) BOILED" SM ITH
San Diego, Cal., July 22.-Mirs. Mar
guerite Mitchell Smlti filed in the
superior bouirt todlay a petition ask
ing for a divorce from Lieut. HI. F.
Smith, who was given the sobriqIuet
of "hard Boiled" hy the men of the
army. She alleged brutal treatment
Smith's career as commander of pri
son camp No. 2 in Fiance recently
came in for congressional invest iga
THlE WRESTLING PARSON
With the American Forces in Ger
many. July 5-(Correspondence of the
Associated Press.)--Chaplain E. S.
Curric, of the second division has be
come known among the American
forces on the Rhine as "the wrest
ling parson" in his go-to-church Cam
paign which he inaugurated recently
among the soldiers. Chaplain Currie
has been putting on an exhibition in
Leutesdlorf every night the Inst few
weeks and each man he throws pro:-a
ises to indIuce five other soldiers to
accompany him.to church the Sundny
following- the wrestling mah
FORD MONEY DOES p
MANY GOOD THINGS
Manufacturer Doesn't Take Costs In
STILL WORKING FOR PEACE
Under Questioning of His Own Law- I
yer Shows Up In a
Mount Clemens, Mich., July 22.
Henry Ford(, after six days of hostile
examination in his $1,000,000 libel suit 1
against the Chicago Tribune, was
turned over to the friendly question
ing of his attorney, Alfred Lucking,
here today. Mr. Ford expanded some
what and his nervousness disappeared.
The -:e-t::nt sh:!tin:.; opoistion in
the chair was all but eliminated. His
voice became stronger and he sighed
w th apparent relief.
"I will make it short," said Mr.
Lucking, adding with a look at the
witness, "under orders."
Incidentally it became known that
Mr. Ford has not ceased his efforts
to promote world peace. lie will send
a newspaper correspondent with Pres
i:ent Wilson to report the latter's
speeches in support of the league of
nations, which, Mr. Ford testified last
week, he believes will assure univer
sal amity, and will distribute the cor
respondent stories to a list of papers
which have been taking the report
of his news bureau on the present
It appeared that Mr. Ford pays lit
!!e attention to his income or what
is done with it, at least not in de
tail. He was building the great Ford
hospital in Detroit when the United
"rtered the war and it is now
I reported by the government as Gen
eral Hospital No. 36.
"What did that hospital cost you?"
asked Mr. Lucking.
"I don't know"
"It cost a couple of millions any
way, didn't it?"
"Yes, more than that, I think: three
or four millions, perhaps," said Mr.
Ford established a refuge for Bel
gians in England in 1914 and still
maintains it, but said he did not know
e(' i'tly what it is costing him.
Questioned as to war work in the
Ford factori s, Mr. Ford said all of
them were devoted to some form of
war work. He added that he dropped
everything else and gave his full
timw' to supervising this work.
"In the course of the examination
Mr. Luckin! received quite as many
"I don't knows" and "don't remem
bers" as had Elliott M. Stevenson,
counsel for The Tribune. Mr. Ford
was admittedly eager to get away for
there is an immediate vacation in
prospect for him with Thomas A. Edi
son and John Burroughs, the natural- 1
ist, as companions.
Florence, July 21.-At a call of the
Govern of South Carolina, all of
the Farmers, Merchants, Bankers,
andl others intere'st ed in the better
ment of the present tobacoe situation
as exists in this section are reqjuestedl
to mneet in Florence. S. C., on July
It is clearly seen, that the prices
that are being pitid for tobacco atj
priiesenit are far belowv thei cost of pro
dluction and unless somec concerted ac
tion is taken on the part of all inter
ested, the present crop is going to be
placedl on the market at tremendous
sacrifice, therefore, the p~urpose y
this convention is to bring into eff'ect
an organizationi thait wvill be capable
of protecting the interests of the to
bacco growers, both for the present
and~ at all times in the future; to for
mulate plans amid means by which to
bacco planters cnn comlmandl a live
able price for their tobacco, both for
the present and in the future.
You are urgently requested to be
presient at this convention as it is
absolutely necessary that there ho a
a full representation from the entireI
tobacco (district. Urge al linterested
to be there.
D. D). Rhem, S. B. Poston, D). I. Wil
son, W. C.. Hemingway, Mr., WV. If. t
Andrews, N. W. Cooke, .J. L.. Gr:mi., r
Com mitteen. Pro-Term
MEXICANS GO FR[[
4o Arrests, No Convictions, Fletcher
RELATIONS ARE IMPROVING
learing on Gould Resolution Propos..
ing Congetssional Investi
gation of Relations.
Washington, July 22.-Although
(bout fifty American citizens have
>een killed or outraged in Mexico
since 1917, not a single arrest or con
i'tion is kit wn to have resulted,
henry P. Fletcher, United States am
bassador to Mexico, today told the
[louse rules committee, in a hea::ing
an the Gould resolution proposing ap
pointment of a congressional commit.
tee to investigate relations betweeni
the two countries.
The Ambassador also laid before
the committee a report compiled by
the St ate Department in respons r.
Senate resolution showing that since
the close of the Diaz regime, about
250 attacks of a serious nature hat
heen made on A merican citizens i
Relations between the two countrie:
however, Mr. Fletcher said, have im
proved during the last. three year:,
IIe added that there was a "wondertul
submission" to the Carranza rule m;
all the sections which the governernt.
Although declining to express. a
opinion as to the policy either pact.
future, of his country towards Me:' r,
the ambassador in effect opposed :ug
gestions advanced by members of the
committee looking to withdrawa! by
the United States of recognitior of
the Carranza government. Such a.
step, he said, would only increase the
existing unfriendly feeling of Mexi
emnr toward Americans and would nor
ualess accompanied by other action,
in the way of assistance, bring about
the establishment of a more stable
government in1 Mexico but would add
to the difliculties of that country
At present, Mr. Fletcher, said. tuere
were no revolutionary leaders im Mex
ico with suflicient following to iver
throw the existing .overnment :.md
set up a stable one.
"What would the permission of .
.overnmet.ln to all Mextcrans to secu:re
"ins and a mmunition furnish these
anti-Carranza leaders-: " asked (2.Ir.
man Cam pbell. "T'ha t would han- the
effect of incrJasing the turmL* in
M(exico," replied the intbassador.
'whether it would ultimately r.. .-lt
in a government more stable Char. this
ne, more able to discharge its na
tional obligations, I am not p reps .d
Ambassador Fletcher said h.:- -.in
'oticed no special anti- A mr; n.
iment or discrimination.a..b...
ionals of this country 'm '.-,
hose other nations. New v r,
aowever, during the war sai " re
ery hostile townrd the U.i ed -vs.
The Mexican governme, h .
maye dliv idedl some land owled b Im
Americans among 2. cx i: o pr ,' buit
le add~ed that "'those cn o hA~ - iet
>een very frequent.
In reply to quest ions .e~m F :.g -ne
Alexican government's :.t t u le ar
merican oil mern, tie am' assador
taid C'arranza had n : r-a,! aited the
!riliing of TelIls, bni only d nied per
oits for we!:. unlo-~ certain pre-r'e
'luisites werxe ag reed ux n. 'A h er
'tearing wilt % held by tihe to wiee
~omorrow at which Mrs. .' oha W.
'orre'll, of (Ok lahonma, whose hu: sbandt
vas recemtly murde'red near Ta' xpico,
md1( a nunmber of fornmer A'n eri-an
'esidtent s of Max ico, will a:per.
Sxvannah, (ha., ,Iuly 22.-W ll:.x
I. TPubbs, who is supp11osed( to h fronm
New York, wats brought to S:n\ annah
his morning from Ridgelan.1, S.
harged with robbing the jewelry
tore of Aaron I .evy on Thir axday of
ast week. Tibbs was badl:: ~vounded
>y South Carolina author'ti s when
ie was arrested.
All of the stolenx jewelry, valued at
.t,000 wats recoveredl exceut a ring
vorth about $500. The robi cry was
daring one two men having. entered
he store in broad daylight and bound~
n~l gagged the clerk who was thero