Newspaper Page Text
VOL XXXIX 3Au u~-G - Cx m e
VO.-xi MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1919. NO. 32
PEACE TREATY CAUSES
SIORM IN SENATE
Bitter Criticism of League and Shan
PRESIDENT IS ATTACKED
Yesterday's Uproar Sample of What
May Happen When Lansing
'ashington, Aug. 5.-The league of
natbns and the Shantung settlement
bot1 came in for more bitter criti
cisj today in the Senate's coiisidera
tiou of the treaty with Germany.
At a public hearing of the foreign
relations committee issues of the
league cohtroversy started a dispute
which bordered upon an uproar and
the attack upon the Shantung pro
vision by Senator Watson, Republican,
->f Indiana, cauesd a series of sharp
The committee's clash over the
league grew out of the examination
of Norman Davis, a financial adviser
to the Versailles peace conference,
and centered in a heated discussion
of the attitude of President Wilson
toward supplying the committee with
Lodge Attacks President.
Chairman Lodge, replying to a sug
gestion that the President be asked
to cotne before the committee, de
clared Mr. Wilson never had offered
to do so and had failed to send im
portant information repeatedly asked
for. Senator Pittman, Democrat, of
Nebraska, replied that in his address
to Congress such an offer had been
made, but the committee majority had
ignored' it. Once the subject of the
league had been raised, league op
poxients gave a foretaste of what may
develop vhen Secretary Lansing ap
pears-before the committee tomorrow
by keeping the witness under a run
ning fire of questions re:ating to pro
visions of the covenant. It was when
Mr. Davis declined to pose as an ex
pert on the subject, In reply to a
question, suggested that the President
be consulted, that the committee mem
bers clashed over Mr. Wileon's course
in the matter.
Under present plans the question
ing of the Secretary of State tomor
row will be in open session and it is
expected he will be asked to disclose
begotiations, with the league covenant
and the Shantung provision occupying
a. prominent place in the discussions,
The Senate adjourned tonight until
Thursday so tomorrow's committee
session may not be interrupted.
Senator Watson in his speech' de
clared the treaty provision giving Ja
pan control in Shantung province "was
as monstrous a proposition as has
ever been proposed to civilization,"
and said he could not vote for rati
fication if the Shantung section re
mained unamended and if Japan gave
no more definite promise of restoring
the province to China. In reply to a
question from Senator Borah, Repub
lican, of Idaho, as to what sort of
declaration from Japan would be sat
isfactory, the Indiana Senator said it
would have to be one providing for
withdrawal of Japanese forces prior
to the Senate's action on the treaty.
Wrong Heaped Upon Wrong
Japan's claims to the province, Mr.
Watson assertedi, was based, on o'e
wrong heaped upon another, while the
history of Japanese interests in China
gave the lie to Japan's protestations
of good faith in her promise to with
Senator HIithcock, Democrat, of
Nebraska asked to what court China
could bring her claims should the
treaty and the league of nations fail.
In that case, Mr. Watson replied, Chi
na wvouldl have to faIr back on the
moral support she had always re
ceived here and elsewhere ini past
times "when we had an American for
President who thought of America
- first." ~
Senator Lodge said he understood
that within two hours of the signing
of the treaty at Versarilles the Chii
nese dlelegates had offered to sign if
aissuredl they would ha."e the right to
bring. the Shantung case before the
league later, but that "even that was
denied to them.".
The objection that t e special (de
fensive treaty with Fraiihce violates
the Federal Constitution by binding
Congress to declare tar in certain
circumstances was expressed in a res
olution introduced during the (lay by
Senator Newberry, Republican, of
Michigan. It would direct the judi
ciary committee to give an opinion
ars to whether there are constitutional
nhstacles to ratifleatlorr:
CARLOAD OF SUGAR
/ TO BE MSTRIBUTED
Will Be Issued People of State for
Columbip, Aug. 5.-A , carload of
sugar will be distributed from Colum
bia to the people of the State at cost,
in the near future. Governor Cooper
this afternon received a telegram
from the Louisiana Sygar Commis
sion, New Orleans, stating thnt fif
teen cars of fine granulated sugar
woukL be distributed "..ong fifteen
states in the South. After taking the
matter up with R. J. Blalock,' mayor
of Columbia, the governor ordered the
sugar, which will distributed to
the Columbia city government. The
price will be $8.28 per hundred pounds
f. o. b. New Orleans, which will bring
it into Columbia for slightly under
nine cents a pound. The governor
sugested that the sugar be utilized
for canling purposes. The following
is the wire to the governor.
"The government through the
United States Equalization Board, sug
gests that the sugar be placed at
pointswhere it is most needed for
fruit preserving purposes. We have
decided to distribute thees fifteen cars
alloting one car to each of the fifteen
states in this territory and we ask yc
to designate the city or town in yo.
State which is most in need of ti
sugar and instruct the mayor of suci
town that we will ship him the car
for' distribution upon your suggest;
and his confirmation, with sight e 0'
bill of loading attached. Wire I'
answer designating town any' '12ve
DISTURBANCE AT LA 'T'TA
Latta, Aug. 5.-Dr. E. L. L.'s.- and
his song Thedford, were injured in a
disturbance here Saturday night,
when the former was struck on the
foreheacd with a quart bottle of kero
sene in the hands of one Pete Bethea,
and the latter was cut in the should
er and beaten across the shoulders by
Pat Bethea, a brother of Pete Bethea.
Dr. Brown runs a drug- store at this
place, and it seems that about 11
o'clock Pete Bethea entered his store
smoking a cigarette. He was request
sed to either quit smoking or leave
the store. The negro replied with an
oath that he intended to do neither
and was shoved into the entrance by
the doctor. The negro then struck
him in the forehead. The doctor's son,
Thedford, on hearing the disturbance,
rushed A his father's aid, getting
therre in time to have' the- remainder
of the bottle thrown at him, which cut
through his shirt into his flesh. This,
however, did not stop him and he ad
vanced towar ithe buggy to which the
negro was making his way. Just as
he got by the buggy he vas struck
several times across the back and
shoulders with a buggy whip in the
hands of the other negro.
A posse tried all night to find the
negroes and succeeded Sunday about
noon. They were then placed in the
Dillon jail and are awaiting trial.
Considerable feeling was. exhibited in
the town until it was known that
neither the doctr nor his son was
seriously injuredl. Both negroes are
saidl to have recently returnedi from
- ---. ---
UNKNOWN NEGRO LYNCHED
Cochran, Ga., Aug. 5.-An unidenti
fied negro who was taken from a
Southern passenger train at 1:40 this
morning on complaints of negro pas
sengers on the train and placed in the
city baracks, was lynched by un
known parties (luring the early mor'i
hig. lIfis body wvas found hanging to
a small tree fifty yards from the
Cochran aindlEastmnan lne.
The negro was en route to Rochelle.
He told several persons, it is said,
that he was from\ Chicago and had a
message from that city. Negroes in
formed white people that the 'Victim
of the lynching had boasted that the
negroes of Georgia were going to (do
what the negroes of Chicago had (lone.
Senator Lodge, gave notice today
that he would address the Senate next
Tuesday on the league. As the leader
of the opposition to acceptance of the
covenant in its present form he is ex
pected to sound the keynote of the
fight against unreserved, ratification.
The statement from Tokio regard
ing Japian's intentions in Tokio reach
ed Washington too late to receive the
attention of Senators tonight. It is
expected to have careful considera
tion in viewv of President Wilson's re..
peated statement that the complete
facts in the case wduld place the
$hantung settlerment in a new lgeht
Manning to EH
The Home Bank and T
$1,700 for Servic
There have been complaints of the
Manning Cotton Market in the past,
but the cause for these complaints will
be. removed if the busn'tess' men of
Manning can remove them. The Board
of Trade has set to work to make this
one of the best markets in the State,
and they have great hopes of success,
since one of the Banks of the town
has made the greatest contribution
ever made in the history of the coun
ty to a patriotic or civic enterprise.
It has been felt for some time that
if a Government Cotton Grader could
be obtained it would put the cotton
owner nearly on a basis of equality
with the buyer, and would obviate dis
putes and suspion as to improper
Through the assistance of Mr. C. A.
McFaddin, State Demonstration Agent
tI- claims of Manning were present
e, t: the authorities at Clemson Col
Ie; *. le found that there were five
rou .a in the State with cotton grad
('er, anl that the College only had
:ey enuj'rh to put on five addition
I 'lice-. for this year; and as there
v.ere( thiHy appiieations, our chances
w. r li m inleed. After a number of
I.e: :,n il iterviews and much corres
rc, ice and the use of all of the in
n--e that he could -:oim'manl, Mr.
'"cFaddin succeeded in getting Mann
ing pl eed with the favored five, y
vided k, 1700.00 was raise- by the
Board of Trade within three d:ivs.
The Board of Trade could not do this.
and the whole plan seemed about to
fail. Everyone regretted this, but the
President and Directors of the loa'
Bank & Trust Company, with the pub
lie spirit and progressiveness th:t has
made this young institution dne of the
leading Banks of the town, after a
conference, offered to furnish the en
tire amount; whereupon a telegram
FLEET IS SHAKEN
Men on Dreadnoughts Thought They
Had Run on Rocks.
On Board U. S. S. New Mexico, Sat
urday, August 2.-(Wireless to the
Associ:ted Press)-Six drealnaughts
of the Pacific Fleet were shaken se
verely by a dotible earthquake shoek
at 4:18 o'clock this afternoon 20 miles
off the coast of the State of Collma
Mexico. None o fthe warships report
ed any damage.
The dreadnaughts trembled from
bow to stern as if she had struck an
unchartered reef and the navigating
officer sounded "call to quarters" on
the flagship's siren. Sailors in the
foretop said the basket masts of the
warships swayed like poplar trees in
Officers on the qua.rter deck hur
riedJ to their posts and the crew and
marines took their places. Meantime
all wvater tight comnpartments on the
New Mexico were closed and inspec
tion parties were sent into the holds
to see. if there had been any dlamage
to the hull.
Admiral Hugh Rodman, command
ing the fleet quickly recognizedl the
cause of the dlisturban:-e.
When the first' tremor of the ship
was felt those below hurried on deck.
The fares of some of the recruits
showed alarni as the men stood at
qluarters awvaiting otrders, wvhile the
flagship rolled andl~ pitched in the
heavy swells that followed the shocks.
Admiral Rodman kept the crew at
quarters for 15 minutes and then or
deredl the "secure signal" to be soundl
Washington, Aug. 4.-Capt. Charles
M4. Bower, alias Steele, eighty years
old, of Statesville, N. C., is locked up
here by the police charged with ob
taining various sums of money. from
WVashingtonlans on a scheme to re
cover diamonds and gold from Cocas
Island', off the coast of Cocas Rica.
According to the complaint lodged
against him, Bower represented him
self a:; eaptain of the steamer Mary
Die, which he said wa. captured by
irates while carrying the treasure to
Peru. Escaping from his captors,
Bower claimed, according to the com
plaint, that he located the treasure
otton Grader 1
rust Company Puts Up i
es of An Expert
lent to the College closing the mat- h
ber, and Manning is as:ured of one of o
the best Cotton Gr t lers or Classers
that the Gover:'; eiployes. It is '
not known yet who the Government f
will send here, but Mr. McFaddin is v
assured that he will be a goodl man
that has been carefully selected and f
has had a preliminary training of a
month or more in Washington after
his appointnant. le will receive a
salary of $24O0.00 and in addition the
Hank will have to furnish him oflfee
room and telephane, telegraphic cotton
reports, and pay any other expenses
of the office.
This will mean a great deal for the'
Manning market, as a man can bring
hi samples and have his cotton grad
ed and then if he caiog get the pro
per price he.-e he can elephone to oth
ei. Markets and sell on the same
.rades. We a:e glad to see that the
Cotton Buyers seem disposed to coop- t
<rate with the Goverinment Grader
and we trust that there will not be a
repetition of the experience in Sumter,
where we are informed the Buyers at
first refused to buy of: the Official
g':ades. 'T'hen the farmers got It
:ether and refused to sell any other
way, and since that time the Govern.
raent Grader has graded practically
all the cotton sold in Sumter.
There are oth-- co:nr.ni'.. ^nter
ri,. 'en r t :111 nIl .'er. :1 \ : a!c
'h-, the go,. ('xamlipile of th (lo-ny!
-....T :st ..o.noinny will b
- - by ot lher institutions. To bail
'i : t w r\\ ' e' eliresQ5 intellig ent eflro,'
<r -mhu -iasm and noney and it ouhlt t.
be an ins:pir'ation, for this institutioi
in addition to be:aring its part in a!
other entertprises, to pay anii ama11. m.
q'(;ual to a seven per cent dividend to
its stockholders foil the purpose of
umakin'g our cotton market second to
none in the State.
in the cliffs of the island. The in
for:.iants against him allege that he I
was collecting money to finance an I
e:tpedition to recover it.
-EED YOUlR CHICKENS WELL
Greenville, Aug. 4.- -After having
expiressed) the opinion that any man is
justified in shooting neighbors' chick
ens wh ich persist in scratching up
and feeding themselves on the vege
tables growing in his garden. Magis
trate J. L. Ballenger yesterday dis
missed the case of D. A. Rigdon, of
Cherokee Park, who was brought up
on such a charge.
Mr. Rigdon was arrested on a war
rant sworn out by a neighbor whose
chickens suffered death at his hands,
it being charged that he had malici
ously damaged personal property.
The ' fendant frankly admitted hav
ing s. It the chickens while they ate
of his tomatoes and beans, and then
expressedl his opinion in a .strong
nmanner. Magistrate Ballenger stated
that, while he was not experienced in
the trial of chicken aea lie agreed
wvith him, in part rt least, andl ois
maissed the case.
MAKE IhUSH TO REGISTrEl
C'oluimbia, Aug. 4.--Primiarily duei
to the announcement by Cole L. Blease I
ex-governor of the State, that lie in- I
tends to enter the general election for
Congress from the Seventh conigress
ional district as an indlependent, there
was a rush of voters here today to get '
There was a long line of voters in
front of the registration office through
out the day andI the crowd was so
large that many failed to receive their
zertificates. Very few negroes regis
NEGIO SHIOOTS UP FAMILY
A nderson, Aug. 4.-Elijah Clink
lcales, colored, of this county, late.
Saturdlay night shot and killed his
wife, wounded his child and then com
nitted suicide. A shotgun was useod,
out being unsuccessfu lin efforts to
kill himself with this weapon, the ne- I
gro usedl a pistol.
Alfredls Chilods, colored, died here n
Bunday as a result of being shot by lI
mother negro at a church in Abbe- b.
ville county. The altercation is said t
to have started over a odrink of wate I
at a well.
TO tETURN TO NATIVE LAND- B
Columbia, Aug. 4.-Drift of a por
ion of South Carolina's foreign-born
opulation toward their mother
unds has begun, according to 1). C.
leyward, of Columbia, district c(olle- F
,r of internal revenue.
During the past two motnhs, ac
ording to the records of his oflice,
ome twenty aliens in South Carolina
ave applied for certificates from his C(
fliee, prepaartory to getting pass
orts to the hnds of their nativity.
hese applications p"nlipally come
rom Charleston, Columbian and Green- I
'ille, and the nmajority are from ex- of
Iatriated Belgians and Greeks. So fa
ar no Germans have applied. te
Before a passport cin he issued to tai
ravel in foreign countI:ies, the ap- I
d ican t must receive a1 certificate from gi
lie collector of internal revenue of eI
is district to the effect that he is
lot subject to an income tax, or, if 1
e is, that it. has been paid. l
SCORE' S All'tRA:l' SERVIE(' in
Washington, Aug. 5.--Although he w
vas offered $1,00i0,00 by German
gents before the United States en- r(
01r-1d the war, the recipient to go to o
;Crmany to take charge of that coun- a
ry's aircraft program, his repeaterd m
frers to aid the United States dur- T
nit the war were rejected by the ft
Var Department, Dr. William Whig- ti
ey (hristmas, president of a New ti
fork aireraft 'nanufacturii compan' ti
oday told a House investigating com- w
The air service during the war was w
lemoralized "from the Secretary ef ti
Var down to the ordinary hirelin;.' r<
aid Chritsmas. Designs which he of- is
red to the War Department were al
e.i'ctedl, he said, although since the g
>uilt 'i machine with'the use of those st
lesige that "is sixty miles an hour u
aster than anything in the world."
------0-. -- ,
ENGLAND PAYS PROMPTLY C
Washington, Aug. 5.--By the pay- pi
nent of $35,176,123, Great Britain has r(
,ettled I:r obligation to the Ameri- a
an Government for munitions nego- n1
iated for (luring the war the War w
)epartment announced today. Of the c,
otal sum paid, $13,600,000 was for c<
,iberty miotors; $13,274,000 for air
)lane spruce; $2,887,000 for wood dis- o
illates; $4,690,000 for powder and tI
,651,000 as the British share in the 1n
otton linters pool. i c1
The announcement was in the form a
>f a l"tte raddressed to Secretary Ba
cer from Chester W. Cuthell, Mr. n
aker's special representative in t
wegotiations with the bsritish minister h
f munitions. Mr. Cuthell said the
ransaction probably was without pre- i
edent in "that a government has is
'ecognized obligations, based almost
'nti rely on verbal statements, to con- ti
.ribute to losses sustained by anl ally e
n the product ion of war materials t1
ieyold its own needs. It is likewise I
without precedent in our country as a
o the amount of money involved, and e
>eeause of the fact that no recourse f
vas had to any international trib- 1n
TO'( SELL D)1 1 E YARN MlIL.S
D)urham, N. C., Aug. 5.-The D~uke
(arn) Mills in this city, one of the a
argest (If its kind in the South, and ti
ipart oIf the late ltrodIie L. Duke's aj
n ill ion doll ar e'state, will be sold( this ci
vieek tol the McCainless Mills, of Salis- tI
mriiy, N. C., and South Boston, Va., Tj
t. was learned today. Agreement fory
he sale has been comfpletedi. Tihe f,
murehase price will lie $100,000. The
n ill makes coIttoIn yarn for hosiery t
md1 underwear. Its net profIits last I
rear were oIver $50,00t0. The late Mr.
)uke pur1chased the factory in 1915 o
.t a publ11ic sale' for $55,000.
STlRIKE IN(GREENVILLE f
G;reenville, A ug. 5.-Approximately
ixty Southern Railway shopment em
loved at the roundhou~se here strucka
.t I o'clock odlay as the result of in
trucwtions receivedl from the hea:1- 4
luart ims of thre organiratioc'. The-.
hops h''nre i ar virt ualy i(Il tonWght t'
'he strik~ rr include carmen. machma- t
tst hustlers, helpers, etc. P
C'OMMITTrEE TO MAKE TRIP '
Washington, Aug. 5.-Chairman
'rear of the House commnittee' investi
ating aircraft expendlitures an- A
ouncedl that the commttee would RI
Lave Saturday for the Northwest toI er
('gin) its inquiries into spruce pirod(ue- t(
ion. It maiy stop) at Chicago Monday RI
or a hearing and is to arrive in n.
eattle the following Thurayn. ,i
)r All Eligible Youths in Their
BILL BY GENERAL STAFF
ills for 21 Divisions and Auxiliaries
With Strength of 510,000 Men
Washington, Aug. 4.-War )eparr
L'nt recommendations for a system
universal training for three months
r all eligible youths in their nine
enth year, was presented by Secre
ry Baker today to the Senate and
ouse military comm ittes for their
idance in determining the penman
it military policy of the nation.
The proposal is obtained in a bill
epared b the general staff of the
my at the secretary's direction. In
ansmitting the bill, Secretary Baler.
a letter, said that Geeneral Pershing
id not been consulte(d and the ; fan
The department's hill calls for a
gular army of twenty-one division..
Id necessary auxiliary services, witi
peace strength of 510,000 enlistfrd
en, and a war strength of I,250,000.
ie reserve to fill up the divisions' to
ill strength would be * provided
rough a modified form of the selec
ce service act under which the na
onal army was raised for the war
ich Get-many. For training purposes
fly youths in their nineteenth year
ould be called to the colors for a
ree months period, to be attached to
gular divisions for that time. It
estimated that this would provide
annual claim of (100,000 men to he
ven intensive military instruction.
ripped of all vocational or other ed
For two years atter the training the
)uths would be required to subnit
rtain reports giving their addresses,
ranges in status as to dependents.
iysicial condition, etc. They would
ceive $1 for each report called for
id submitted, thus encouraging the
aking of reports. In the event of
ar, all men in this status would be
rled to fill up regular divisions and
impose the first replacement units.
Th ebill provides for reorganization
the regular army in sub;tantially
e same terms as previously recom
ended by Secretary Isaker when the
irrent amy bill was unde consiier
No mention of the National Guar i..
ade in the bill, but in his letter to
le committee, Steretary Baker si I
e assumed that the national defenw.
:t would be continual(3 In force, :;..
ig the guard the subjcet to federnl
;ation for war.
One of the features of the universal
'aining plan of the department is
)mplete federalization of the regis-.
ation and induction machinery,
ocal and appeal boards would he cre
ted as during the war, except that
)mpensation at $10 a (:ay is provided
r hoard officials but a mention is
ade of employing State oflicials ~r
~ec(ies in carrying out the proM -t,
Expenses and AlIlowanoces.
Youths in training would r eceis no
ty, but would receive p y ment for
|| expenses anid an allowance e: .5
month for incidentals. No ext ion
ons wvould be grantedl except to sil
ers, sailors, members (of the aer
mant marine, public or priv'ate '3r to
ose mentally or p~hys5iclly de'li -i nt.
o) meet the case of tI'se witnh
nfdents, however, provsio is)m3
r deferring th~e t ra inh net~I 0 (.
Theory on wvhich t he i r .sts is
nat .on army of I ,25n,t00 ,-mouldb
tailable for ranpid :hil at!ion at.
'ganizant ion of an 1: ld Vm of :h
ze shall he mhaintainedl, the only dif.
rence bet ween peace' and w :r m
>oting being in the en liste-l : n ngthI
The twenty infalntrmy and 1( ne caalry
visions woul comprise I !: geld
T'o supp~lort the ph;:n. en-ral statT
lieers have Iprepai(ret ful Ih at i led
tudlies of cost , syst ens of nejbil iza
on, administratioin :,nd all other fea
res5 which the0 depart mentI i.4 prte
i red to( suibmit whenever t ho (on
ressional cmramittees call for them,
Rt'MANIANS IN 11UIM)AP!ST
Hudapest, Monday, A ug. 4.- fly the
ssociatedl Press. )--T-'hirty ftousandl
uma nian troops, includiml. infantry,
valpy and artillery, ente red the city
(lay with a blare of t rumpts. TPhe
unmnn forces, led by Ge3n. Matrg
C- N, lpawed th rough An 1r:.ssy andl