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RAIL.ROAD BIL PASSES
HO0USE; YOTE 203 TO 159
Provides for Private Owhtership and
* Ogeration Under Broad. Federal
DBMOCRATS OPPOSE ACT"
After Their Failure to Eliir ate
Provision for Government Guar
..antee of Revenues.
Washington, Nov. 17.-The railroad
bill, providing for pt-ivate ownership
and operation of rail carriers under
broad federal superiision, was passed
tonight by the House, 203 to 159. The
measure goes to the Senate, but it will
not be taken up) there until the reg
ular session in Decembher.
A majority of the Democratic mem
bers opposed the bill, after th~eir fail
ure to eliminate the provision for gov
ernent guarantee of revenues of the
carriers for the first six months of
renewed private operation.
Representativ'e Sims, of Tennessee,
ranking Democratic member of the
House interstate commerce committee
that framed the' measure, led the fight
on the guaranty, declaring a 'subsidy.'
A motion to eliminate it wa~s defeated,
200 to 165, on substantially a political
Attacks Labor Sectioni
The House reaffrmed, 253 to 112 its
stand on the labor section, providing
only for voluntary conciliation of la
bor disputes. Representative 1(i tche'n,
of North Carolina, fo'rmer Democra
tic leader, attacked the labor section
as leaving the settlem~ent of disputes
largely with the railway unions. It'e
declared "the brotherhoodls could nuul
lify the provisions ten dlays after pas
sage of the 1)111 by refusing to appoint
representatives" to the hoards
created to settle controveraies.
Preceding the finnal "show-down,"
by sep~arate roll calls, the Ifouse spetna
the. (lay in considering numlerouis ex
tensions of the powers~ of the Inter-.
state Commerce Commission. Its last
important action wvas to place the comn
mission in cont~rol of all capital issues
of the roads, after members had de
clared that if similar provisions had
becen in th'e law some years ago none
of the "disgraceful'*financial dIisasters'
wouIld have befallen several big sys
The pr'oposed new rule for rate-mak
ing was oliminated afte~r a bitter fight.
1Efforts to prevent the Interstate Comn
meree 'Commnaion -from being given
I am in apc
t may desire.
This is the i
n ever before
hr on. Make
You don't h;
Get My Pric
authority to control intrastate rate
imposin n "undue burden' 'on intra
state commee were defeated. B
this sr-tion, the House enacted int
law the famous "Shreveport case.
after wfhich intrastate rates in th
Southwest generally 'were increased t
remove a discrimination found to hav
existed against Shreveport in favo
The railroad bill, as passed by th
House, does this:
"Provides capital and. insures lh
financial future of the lines dturini
the period imnmed iately after privat
operation is renewedl; creates ma
chinery for the v'oltmtary conciliatio>
of labor troubles and extends federa
authority over rail transpoi'tation b
inctaeasing the power of the Interstat
General Rate Advance.
Iedeati control would end with thi
month in which the bill is enacte<
and~ raise continue in elfect for si
months unless changed. Roads ar
ordered to ask the Intorstate Com
merce Commission for general rate ad
Vances within sixtdy days and gover
mient guaranty is dlenied carriers fail
ing to do0 so.
As a guaranty the government agree
that the revenues of the carriers fo
the first six months of renewed privat
operation shall equal the stand(ardl r(
turn paid during federal control a
rental for the 'use of the lines. Shor
line ra ilroads and express com panie
would, also receive their guaranty.
Government five-year loans att 4; pe
'ent also may be obtained by the Iline
wvithin twventy-,six months~ after th
cndl of federal control, andh to carry ou~
the pirovision $250,000,000 is mad
Funds are Provided.
'The funding piana for settlement o
$'7775,000,000 the roads wvil lowe Lb
government at the end of this yeae
providles for a set off of approximat
ly $400,000,000'the amount of govern
meat rental. Payment of this unli
quidlatedi indiebtedlness would be in Le
For settlement of' labor troubles th
bill would set up machinery in vogu
before and (luring federal control fo
employes and employer vol untareil;
conducting negotiations, with in adde<1(
provision for a second or appeal boar<
to reach dee-ision, if the former fail
No penalt yagast strike or lockou
andl~ ont atl boards Lhfe workers and the
rail owners would haive eq'uni repre
The bill wouldl give the lnterstat,
Comim'ree Commission jurisadictiont o
usc. control, niovemen, d(tIhstr 'tl
to June 1
sition to book
rear that the ft
ave to pay for
es on Mixed F
s ar.d exchange of locomotives and ears I
- and supply, movement anct operation
y of trains and extension or abandon
o ment of rail lines.
" The authority of the commission
e would be extended to prescribe min
i imum as well as maximum rates, to or
e der the division of joint rates ,to route
r shipments and limit (suspension of
e The anti-trust law may be set aside
by the commission to permit the con
e solidation of railroads, or to permit
them to pool earnings or equipment.
e To insure freight movements as di
- rectedI by a bill of lading, a road suf
a fering the loss must be paid as though
iit had carried the shipment.
The bill afects wanter carriers b~y re
e peaIling part of the Panama Canal act
.So as to permit railroads oni app~roval
of the commoission to own and operate
boa s on the Great Lakes and Long
Island soundi, and gives the c'omlmis
sion authority in order connections be
ing made between 1al an iid water
Io - -
*Wayne, N. .1., Nov. 1 7.--T'iwo men
- vire killed and two mills were deniol
ished b~y a powder explosion at the
a E. I. D~upont Nemours plant here, Sev
. eral of the wyorkers, many of whom
ewere girls, were injured.
-'The explosion, which was heard 15)
a miles away, damaged scores of houses
i of einplIoyes near the plant. It is sup
a pos'ed to have' b)eenl causedi by fric
tion in grinding powder.
e @ You Do More Work,
You are more ambitious arnd you gut more
e~ enjoyment out of everything when your
blood is ini good condition. inipurities in
the blood have a very depressing effect on
thue system, c.. .sing wettkness. Iiziness,
e (IROVL'S TASThLF3SS Chill TONIC
-, restores Energy and Vitality by Purifying
e and EnrichIng the Blood. WVhen you feel
-its strengthening, invigoratinug effect, see
-how It brings color to the cheeks and how
- it improves the appetite, you will then
a apprecIate its true tonic value.
(]ROV[!'S TASTELESS Chill TONIC
SIs not a patenit medicine, it Is simply
SIRON and QUININE suspended in Syrup.
O' So pleasant even children' like it. The
u' blood needs Quinine to Purify it and IRON
to Enrich it. These reliable tonic prop
1erties niever fall to drive out imnpur'ities In
The Strength-Creating Power of GROVETS
.TASTELESS Chill TONIC has muade it
t the favorite tonic in thousands of homes.
More than thirty--flve years ago, folks
woul) ride a long distance to get GROVE'S
- TASTELESS Chili TCONIC whsen a
immber of their family had Malaria or
a needed a body-building, strength-giving
tonuie.mwThe formula Is Sust the same to
day, anid you,can get it from any drug
I store. O n, r bottlin
of Soda for January
your order for any quantity
irmers will need Soda more
.ng points to higher prices
the Soda until it is shipped.
'ertilizers before you buy
Just the kind She would like to have
Arrived this Week.
$18.50 to $95.00 each. 0
Pretty Suits, Coats and Dresses
on Display this Week
SUMTER, - - South Carolina
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