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EORICAL SKETCH 0
(Continued from page two)
ew county was Charles Frederick
sesne, who served from the begin
ing of the new county until the close
fthe - war. Then the following
entlemen filled this position, and in
e following order: W. S. Bran,
omas N. Broughton, Dr. John I.
ngram, Capt. Robert B. Harvin, Dr.
. H. Huggins, Joseph Spret, Jr.,
nd our present efficient ~County
reasurer, Mr. Samuel J. Bowman.
f this list we know of only two who
re living, and these are our towns
en, Messrs. Sprott and Bowman.
The office of County Auditor is
no of more recent creation, and
mong its occupants have been the
ollowing gentlemen: B. A. Walker
ret, then James T. L. Thames,
Junius E. Scott, D. J. Bradham, and
he present incumbent, Mr.. J. Elbert
The office Probate Judge, form
rly known as ordinary, has been
lied from time to time by quite a
umber, among whom were the fol
owing: G. S. C. DesChamps, who
ent to Texas and was assassinated
n the pulpit, W. R. Burgess, R. M.
hompson, W. H.. Ingram, J. D.
lsbrook, and the present incumbent,
r. Louis Appelt.
The office of School Commissioner
rior to 187* was Ailled principally
y negro Republicans, among whom
were Alfred Pack and the noted Peter
mon, who was assassinated in the
ublic road at a branch a few miles
outh of Manning, and which branch
ow wears his name. Since 1896,
among those who filled this office
were John C. Bagnal, Samuel J.
Bowman, John J. Conyers, P. G.
Benbow, L. L. Wells, L. M. Ragin,
then Wells again, and our present
Superintendent of Education, W. S.
The County Commissioners have
been too many to attempt to mention
Among those who represented this
county with honor in the State Sen
to have been John L. Manning, E.
. Dickson, Dr. John I. Ingram, Col.
I. L. Benbow, Joseph F. Rhame,
Esq., Louis H. DesChamps and L. M.
Ragin. There have been others among
hom were three gentlemen of color
as follows. Syphax Milton, Powell
Smith and Jared Warley.
Clarendon has had many represen
tatives in the lower house of the Leg
islature. I cannot with certainty give
the names of all who served as rep
resentatives before 1876, but here
are some of them, and it will be seen
y two or three names which appear,
that our county was not always rep
resented by her best citizens, black
Republicans occasionally filling this
high office of honor: Col. H. L. Ben
bow, Col. S. Warren Nelson, John P.
Richardson, W. J. McFaddin, Dr. G.
Allen Huggins, James McCauley,
and Gus Collins, colored, and Will
Nelson, very colored, who fled from
justice for stealing vegetables from a
garden. That is probably only a
partial list of our representatives be
fore 1876. It was in 1876 that the
black cloud of negro rule was raised
from our beloved State, and though
the writer was but a small boy he re
members vividly the stiring scenes
of that year, with its big campaign
days and red shirts brigades. He also
remembers well the standard bearers,
and before he scarcely knew what it
meant he learned to holler "Hurrah
for Hampton!" It was Hampton for
Governor, and in Clarendon Benbow
for the Senate and Barron and Peter
Richardson for the House. These,
with others who supported them and
held up their hands, carried the day
na Clarendon and made the way poss
~ble for many other good Democrats.
The following, then, is submitted
ai a list of tho'se who have repre
sented this county in the House of
Representatives since 1876: B.
Pressley Barren and John Peter
Richardson;. Joseph F. Rhame and
.ames E. Tindal; W. T. Lesesne and
B. R. Gibson; Arthur Harvin and Dr.
. G. Dinkins; E. R. Plowden, Jr.,
;ndl H. B. Richardson; I. M. Woods,
~zra Tindal, .T. M. Richardson, S. A.
.J'ettles, W. D. Kennedy, W. C. Davis,
.0. M. Davis, and T. B. Owen. Thus
it will be seen that there have been
nany since the creation of Clarendon
County who were elevated to posi
~ions of public honor, and further
that of this number quite the ma
iority have passed away. All of th~emi
Lave made history, sonme good and
some bad, but each one serves his
little place in the memory of tho palst,
IDon't Delay Xma
285 King St.
and of such is Clarendon's history
A desire to bring this sketch with
the bounds of a limited length pre
cludes -my enlarging upon that perior
which perhaps plays the most im
portant part in the history of our
county and twon. The five years
from 1860' to 1865, were important
years, perhaps the most important
that the past, the present, or future
generations for centuries to come will
ever witness, and the result of these
five years' struggle has since been,
and is today being felt by the peo
ple of the eont y. Clarendom County
and the Town of Manning were not
wanting in making history then.
Many noble sons, inspired by that
patriotism which is only known
among Southerners and Carolinians
sacrificed their all upon the altar o?
their country, and gace their lives for
a cause whic hthey cherished. Other
patriotic sons of Clarendon gave
noble services to a beloved but lost
cause, and through the wisdom of an
unerring Providence were spared
their lives to return and serve their
people and their county in places of
honor. Clarendon furnished several
gallant companies to the Confederacy.
The Manning Guards, for instance,
formed a part of the Hampton Le
gion, and was captained by that noble
young patriot, who was gallant al
most unto wreckleness-Brown
Manning-with G. Allen Huggins
and John Haynesworth as first and
second lieutenants. They did splen
did service and upon many battle
fields did 'the deeds of this command
reflect the" bravery and the patriotism
of their town and county. Let the
sons and daughters of members of
this noble command ever cherish
The organization known as Keel's
Company also contained some of
Clarendon's young men who were
willing to volunteer. for their country's
cause, but perhaps the largest com
pany which went from Clarendon to
battle fo rthe cause which was finally
lost was Company I., of the 23rd
Regiment. This gallant command was
usually full to the limit. It was made
up principally of the sturdy yeomany,
which is the bone and sinew of the
land itself. Its first captain when
organized for active service was H.
L. Benbow, with H. H. Lesesne, R.
B. Harvin and Thomas N. Slawson as
first, second and third lieutenants,
respectively. Our townsman, Capt.
Bradham, was orderly sergeant. Be
ing in possession of a lot of war re
cords, the writer could elaborate upon
this command with perhaps interest,
but must forbear. Many promotions
were made from its ranks from the
beginning to the close of the war.
At its close Capt. Benbow was Col
onel of the regiment; Liuetenant
Lesesne was Major of the 23rd, and
Lieutenants Harvin and Slawson had
received deserved promotions or
were transferred to other posts of
service. Sergeant Bradham having
lost one arm and being disabled for
service upon the field, had rendered
services at home among the reserves.
On the 9th of April 1865, when the
officers of this command, with the
immortal Lee at Appomottox, gave
up their swords and yielded to a
force only superior in numbers, they
were followed by many of Claren
don's noble sons. All honor to their
bravery! All praise to their noble
service! All glory to their chivalry!
They had won for Manning, for Clar
endon, and for Carolina a noble dis
tinction, and one which we, as their
sons and their daughters, should ever
cherish in hallowed remembrance.
The Town of Manning was named
in honor of Governor John L. Man
ning and its age almost simultaneous
with that of the county. It has much
history. Granny's Hill, near the old
graveyard just back of the Thames
place at the head of Brooks street,
was the home of an old woman by
the name of Granny Ridgeway, and
was a small settlement when the
town was built. It has been trad
itionally said that the place was so
healthy that Granny had to move
away before she would dlie, and per
haps this helps to account for the
health of our delightful town. It is
also said that many decades ago, in
colonial times ,an Englishman, whose
name is not now known, made a set
tlement near where is now the cem
etery. But the oldest house stand
inst in town is the Dickson house.
This place was cleared up by the
Ridlgeways, and the house was built
by Capt. Burgess. The two D~rs.
H~uggins came here at the beginning
or soon after the town was comn
menced, andl Dr. Allen Huggins set
tIed what is now the Levi place. Mr.
[Levi built wvhat was the original
Rigby house, and Dr. Dinkins lived
ummttttttttm ttm ttttttttm
s is Drawing Near
that you can't get at
home, write to us. We
have a truly wonder
Goods sent on ap..
proval where satisfac
tory references are
LAN & CO.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
d 65 Yar.
where Dr. Brockinton new owns. Dr.
Herman Huggins built a fine two
story residence oni the lot now used
as the tobacco warehouse lot, nearly
Dpposite the Presbyterian church. Dr.
Allen Huggins also built, where irs.
Thames lives, and our beautiful trees
stand as a living monument to his
broadminded citizenship. Mr. Henry
Kelley settled what is now the Rhame
place, and Col. Barron's residence was
originally built by Mr. John Hayns
worth, a prominent lawyer who came
shre at the settling of the town.
The old court house, a large
brick structure, was built where the
present court house stands, by Capt.
Morgan Butler as contractor. A Mr.
Charles Pack had the first store in
Manning, pituated about the spot
where our friend Jenkinson's store
But to prolong this list would make
my sketch too lengthy. The build
ing and improvement of the town was
rapid, and it might be incidentally
mentioned that one of the most prom
inent figures in the immediate vicin
ity of the town during its early his
tory, was Mr. Charles R. Harvin,
father of our townsmen Messrs. C. R.
and W. S. Harvin. He cared naught
for public position, bu' was a citizen
of great energy, and at the time of
his death had the contract and was
building a causeway across Black
River leading to Manning. His mill
.awed the lumber for most of the
earlier buildings of the town.
Among the first lawyers who set
tled here wer Dr. Joseph Galluchat,
Moses Benbow, T. C. Coogler, John
Hlaynesworth, Charles Wolfe, who af
terwards moved to Kingstree, and
Our fellow citizens, Messrs. B.
Pressley Barron and Joseph F.
Rhame, located here soon after the
town was settled and have ever since
been honored members of the bar
and well known in the State.
Among Manning's early physicians
were the Drs. Huggins, Dr. Ingram,
Dr. Moore, Dr. McCauley, Dr. McLeod
aid Dr. Richardson.
Our old friend Mr. Moses Levi
was among the first to build a store
here in 1856, and has remained in
the mercantile business continuously
since. Mx. S. A. Rigby was also
among the early merchants, begin
ning business in 1860.
The first newspaper published in
Manning was "The Clarendon Ban
nier" and was published by Robert
Truly our Town and County have
much history which might be written
In regard to the county many his
torical traditions might be given
about the passage up the Santee Riv
er, during the revolution, of Lord
Cornwallis, whose road of march is
still in many places visible; of Fort
Watson, near Scott's Lake; of the old
Georgetown road, still easily discern
ed at some points near our Manning
depot; of Marion's camping in Black
River, near town, and of this famous
"Swamp Fox's" recruiting on the
"High Hills of Santee" near where
is now old Fulton.
Concerning our town's history
much might be written of her strug
gles during the late war, of the ex
citing times when General Potter
was encamped here, with his head
quarters in the Huggin's residence,
(the one spoken of i being opposite
the Presbyterian church); of the kill
ing of a Yankee in the street in front '
of Mr. John Wilson's house by
Charles Jones, of Sumter, and of his a
desperate flight to save his life, being
pursued by the Yankee soldiers; of
the burning of the court house and s
the town by General Potter, and
ninny other recitals.
But we are now in a new era.
Ou rcounty today is by no means
what it was in 1855. Now we have
one of the foremost counties in this ~
middle section of the State. Our ~
tax books show a total of 471,469 ~
acres of hand and 311 town lots at a
valuation of $1,371,215. In personr.A
piroperty we show 1517 horses, valu- ~
ation $75,000; 5339 cattle, at say
$50,000; 1708 mules, worth $100,000;
360 sheep, 9988 hogs, and 2412 dlogs, ~
valued at $10 a piece. We have a
county population of about 30 thous
and, and a town population of about
1350, and last but greatest of all, we
have the Manning Social and Literary
Circle. Its male membership nm
bers about fifteen, some of whom
have no known value, but a few are
worth $1.00 per head, according to
the county andl State's estimate.
Its female membership is about
seventeen. Their valuation has never
been truly estimated, and is known
by us all to be very high; but if it
were estimated by a special com
mittee consisting of Messrs. A. J.
White, J. H. Rigby andl A. I. Harron,
I have no dloubt but that they would
pla5ce it above the combined worth of
the gold mines of California, the dia
mond fields of Cape Colony, the
mythical treasures of King Solomon's
mines an dIthe riches of the Klondike
Valley. Then who says we have not
a great county andl town? And if
this is what we have acquired during
a history of forty-two years, what
must we he in forty-two years more ?
The writer hopes that forty-two
years from now he may be called
upon to write the history of the Man
nmng Social and Literary Circle, and
that in doing so he may be able to
chronicle many pleasant happenings,
among them the nuptial ceremonies of
his esteemed fellow-members, Messrs.
G. L. Dickson, P. 0. Richardson and
R. B .Loryea.
AD)VERTISE 1N THE TIMES
UALED TVNS O#4.V
KNOX AND S
JOHNSON & I
are giving you real
Phone 5105. C
n the District Court of the United
For the Eastern District of South
No. 2195 in Bankruptcy.
In the Matter of t
rinity Mercantile Co., and T. 0. (
Schwartz, doing business as such '
leged bankrupt. (
To Trinity Mercantile Company in fi
aid District, Greeting: V
For certain causes offered before the t
istrict Court of the United States of f
Lmerica within and for the Eastern
lstrict of South Carolina, as a court
f bankruptcy, we command and
trictly enjoin you, laying all other
intters aside and notwithstanding
ny excuse, that you personally ap
ear before our .said District Court
a be holden at Charleston, in~ said 1
)istrict, on the 15th day of December,e
tD. 1920, to answer to a petitiont
led by Rittenburg & Co., et al., inr
ur saidl court, praying that you mayi
e adjudged a bankrupt; andl to do
urther and receive that which our
aid District Court shall consider in
his behalf. And this you are in no -
v'ise to omit, under the pains and
'enalties of what may befall thereoni.
Witness the Honorable llenry A. M.
imith JTudge of said Court, and the
enl thereof, at Charleston, in said
)istrict, this 13th (lay of November,
L. D. 1920.
(Seal of Courts
Richard WV. Ilutson,
This is to notify the public that no
respassing, hunting or fishing will
e allowed on any of my lands.
C. M. DAVIS,
15-6t-p. , Summerton, S. C.
ete Stock of N(
Ilse of Best Qual
At Cost !
FNER - MARX CLOTHE
MIURPHY and THOMPSOl
siery, Gloves, Trunks, Bags
old goods made up and mai
a of Hart Schaffner & Marx
>r. Hampton and Main.
Cedar Grove Plantation, St. Paul
All parties are warned against
respassing upon the lands of the
edar Grove Plantation, St. Paul
ownship, Clarendon County, South
arolina. No hunting is allowed. No
shing is allowed. The lands are
yell posted along the lines, and all
respassing will be prosecuted to the
ull extent of the law.
Robert A. Smythe, Manager,
Joe Ht. King, Iocal Manager.
TROOPS IN TRO UBLITE ZNN E
Williamson, WV. Va., No _. M.A
rovisional battal ion of~ approximate
y 500 men of the United States army
amp at Chillicothe, Ohio arrived here
odlay at nloon fo duty in the coal
egion. Col. Herman Hall, commrand
ng, immediately took up his head
uarters at the county court house
nid armed guards were thrown out
Next Express Oi
2.OOO.OO to $5,
cnt & F
t BROS., SHOES.
Suit Cases, take
-ked down. We
SUMTER, S. C
around the building.
The troops are here in response
a request of Governor John .J. Co
wall, who decided that the disord
of the past few weeks had created
situation with which the State a..
county officers could not cope.
Officers in charge of the troops v.
be billeted in the court house
the enlisted men are being quarte
in the city hall and an old hot
which was recently turned into a h
pital. Detachments of soldiers he
already been sent to Kermit, Bord'
land and Matewan for guard du
Thero ha been no disorder since t.
i AKE YOUR SICK SKIN WE.'
If you suffer from eczema, it
pimples, etc., gzive Zemerine a tr
It stops the itching, allays the irrii
tion, and soon your skin is resto
to a healthy condition. For sale .
Dicksoni Drug Store.
and Heating Co.
ES. R E PA IRS.
Tice. Phone 155