Newspaper Page Text
Pages 1 to 12
VOL. XL MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1920
IN JRKISH MOYE
All Believed to Have Escaped From'
RETIRE Tb ISLAHIE
Commission for Relief in Near East
Receives Tidings of Good
Constantinople, Monday, Feb. 16 By
the Associated Press.-The American
commission for relief in the Near East
today received a message dated Feb
ruary .13 from its offices at Adana,
Asiatic Turkey, which was construed
to mean that all the Americans have
escaped from Marash (northeast of
Adana and north bf Aleppo) south
ward to Islahie, which is on the rail
road. The message says:
"Information this morning is that
the personnel of 2,000 refugees re
tired to Islahie with Colonel Normand.
There was extreme destitution and
many were sick or wounded. There
is no information from Aintab or
Hadjin. The situation is serious."
Maj. David G. Arnold of Providence,
R. I., managing director of the Ameri:
can commission for relief in the Near
East, said today that there were ten
American relief workers and six
American missionaries at the head
quarters of the American board col
lege at Marash. The relief workers,
he said, were Dr. Mc. Wilson and
wife of Boones Hill, Tenn.; Dr. Mar
bel Elliott of Benton Harbor, Mich.;
Mabey H. Power of North Hero, Vt.;
Helen Shultz of Reading, Pa.; Minnie
E. Dougherty of Holyoke, Mass.;
Frances S. Buckley of Cape Vincent,
N. Y. Paul V. Snyder of Plain View,
Texas; Evelyn Trostle of McPerson,
Kan., and Stanley E. Kerr of Darby,
The missionaries, all of whom are
under the American board of missions, -
Boston, are: James K. Lyman, Ellen
0. Blantiey, Bessie Hardy, Agnes Sal
mond, Inez Lied and Kate E. Ains
Constantinople, Monday, Feb. 16
(By the Associated Press.)-There is
much uneasines concerning the fate of
20 Americans at Marash, north of,
Aleppo, Turkey, in Asia, where a rei-,
gon of terror has existed since Jan
uary 21. The last word was received
from them on February 1, when their
food supply was short and the Chris
tian refugees were in a state of ter
In occupying Cilicia the French
troops frequently took over American
mission property and schools, which
were the best buildings and the easiest 1
to defend. Consequently, the Ameri
cans were regarded by the Turks as'
Frenchmen. There have been many
conflicts between the French occupy
ipg the district and the Turks. The
1french are using Armenian and Sene-1
galese troops, which apparently have
excited great hostility among the
Rustem Bey, nationalist delegate;
from Angora,, told the correspondent.
that .James Perry and Frank S. JTohn-'
son, representatives of the American:
Y. M. C. A. killed recently near Aitab
were mistaken for Frenchmen by na
tives, wvho had no grievance against
Americans. HeI declared that Ameri
cans were not in danger in Anatolia
and Cilicia if properly distinguished
from the French.
Rustem Bley said that the trouble
at Marash started through a contro
versy between Armenians and Turks,
eventually involving the native tribes- 1
men in a siege of the towvn.1
APPEAL FOR RUSSIA
VOICED) BY GOMP'ERS
New York, Feb. 1'7.-Samuel Gomp
ers, presidlent of the American~ Fedler
ation of Labor, today appealed to the
American people not to "turn their
backs on Russia because of opposition
to present conditions there." First of
all, Mr. Gomipers, said in a statement
to the American Central committee for
Russia relief, "Russia needs the es-t
tablishment of industries which sup-I
ply the basic needs of her people."
"There is needl for those of us who
live where free institutions have been!
established to held out a helping hand
to the people of Russia in their pres
ent plight; they are passing through,
a terrible ordeal." the statement read.t
"This Is not the time for free Ameri
cans to turn aside because we are op
pr.sed to what Is transpiring In Rue
DOINGS Of OUR
The first Co-operative shipment of
hogs made from Clarendon County
was shipped last Tuesday from Pine
wood. Messrs. J. J. Broughton, J. E.
Broughton and George Tinda) made
up the car. 106 hogs were loaded.
Although this is the first cooperative
shipment from Clarendon we do not
want it to be the last, this coming fall
and winter should see a larger num
ber of cars shipped. This method pro
vides the farmers with a market for
heir surplus stock and a myrket on
which you will get the prevailing mar
ket price for the grade of hogs ship
Don't forget: the boll weevil is still
Mr. J. Elbert Davis and brother are
going to put in a modern dairy on
their lfarm a few miles from Mann
ning. Plans have already been made
and the Davis brothers are now wait
ing on materials to commence con
struction. This is one of the best
things that has happened in Claren
Ion for several years and I hope more
farmers will soon follow suit. There
is not enough milk, butter and cheese
?onsumred in this State and as yet the
upply of whole milk is not sufficient
or the demand in this State so you see
there is a big market for dairy pro
lucts. This is also one of the best
methods of fighting the boll weevil
ind likewise a business that will do
t great deal towards increasing pure
bred dairy cattle.
Fight the boll weevil with dairy
The business men and farmers in
.he Pinewood section are a wide
awake bunch, listen here what they
are doing. They have already form
ul a marketing association in their
:ommunity. They are going to build
t small ice plant with a cold storage
'oom. The cold storage room will be
big help to farmers in the summer
ime. A sweet potato storage house
vill also be built as well as ware
ouses to store peanuts, velvet beans,
'orn and anything else the farmers in
hat community will have for sale.
'hese men are working in the right
lirection for it is absolutely neces
;ary that facilities be arranged for
he marketing of the crops that the
armers will now grow instead of so
nueh cotton. Mr. Leslie Tindal is
)resident of the association. Now
verybody boost the association and
mll together and you will have no
'cason to regret it.
Fight the boll weevil with sweet
Mr. Clarence Baggett has fenced
nore of his fields where he will plant
mnsture crops for his hogs this spring.
Jr. Baggett has a fine bunch of pure
>red Duroes and it certainly looks
rood to see his fields fenced. Fences
nake a farm look as if the farmer
neans business, that he is not on the
>lace just for his heaulth and don't
are how much his neighbors stock
uln over his fields. Pence your farms
t is a big advertisement for any far
ner who does.
VENCE YOUR :'ARMS
I am still busy inoculating hogs.
rhose who have asked me to come and
rent their hogs will have to be a lit
le patient for I am getting around
is fast as I can. I have already treat
d about 1200 this year. Yesterday
had the inmis fortune to lose my
id'ld note hook in whtich I had all th'e
tmes of farmers who want hogs in
culated. If~ anyone finds samne
'round Manning or on the road~ to
)avis Station please send it to me.
~Iy name andI addr(ess is stamapedl all
>ver the book so that it wil not he
iarmd to see wuho it belongs to'.
One of th(e things Clar endon e'..
tecially needs is a good Bull A ssocia
ion. Such an assocination wvill put the
lhir- indnstry on th.. map and put it
mn toi stay. It will do more towards
retting the members of such an asso
intion good .then hetter and in au few
rears the best dairy cattle that can
>e found. Each mtember can have th(
ise of from three to five bulls for the
>rice he puts up to help buy one. Each
nember can then have the use of
mils that now only the big dairymen
an afford to buy; the best there is.
Phere is nothing to lose in such an as
o'intion and the gains have no limit.
Phink it over and Italk to your neigh
>mr about it.
A. M. Musser,
In a letter addressted to The Tlimnes
igned "Taxpayer." he suggests the
ollowing ticket for Mayor and six
\ldermen to be chosen in the town
lecton t beheld on A pril1 12:
S. J1. SMITH.
DR. R. E. BRtOADW A'Y,
S. L,. IIUGGINS
I. I. APPETLT,
.JNO. C. BAGNALJ,
IH. C. CUJRTIIS.
IH. M. THOMAS
The above ticket is merely a sug
testion. as we dloubt if the gentlemen
inmed have been consulted about the
OUR TOBACCO MARKET
A Discussion of Several Important
Phases of Subject.
To the Ed: - o' The News and Cou
rier: In yoi. -litorial of the 12th
you quote Wilmington Morning
Star of Tuesday, the 10th. I note that
you claim that the Wilmington paper
confirms a statement made in The
News and Courier of last Monday with
reference to the very great advantage
the old North State tobacco markets
have over the South Carolina markets.
I did not read this article; 'am sorry
I missed it, and have also misplaced
my Monday's paper. I note what the
Board of Trade at Rocky Mount has to
say in reference to the sales of tobacco
made on that market this past season.
I haven't the remotest idea but the
figures given by Rocky Mount are cor
rect. These figures I notice come from
the Board of Trade at Rocky Mount.
Sales at that place up to February 1,
1920, amounted to 20,727,000 pounds,
which sold at an average of $51,56
Now getting back to what we had
in mind when we started to write, I
note after you quoted the Wilmington
paper you made some comparisons of
the South Carolina and North Carolina
markets. You state that in .ruly, Au
gust and September, 1919, the South
Carolina markets sold 81,123,916 with
a money valuation of $8,439.336.74
You also state further that the total
figures will exceed that you gave in
your editorial by two or three million
Mounds. I think in this that you are
rliht; I expect probably six or eight
million would be nearer it.
Now about the average price that
you claim we obtained for the South
Carolira (rop. You say we averaged
10 cents per l:undrecd pounds or, to
be exact, a little over ten dollars per
hundred or about one-fifth of what
Rocky Mount averaged. You further
state that Rocky Mount alone brought
approximately as much as the whole
'f South Carolina market or probably
I do not know where you obtained
your information about the price pail
for the South Carolina weed, but you
certainly are mistaken. If you will
get in behind it you will find that we
aveiaged, I think, a little more than
tw"nty-three dollars per hundred;
more than double what you have given
us credit for.
You refer to the fact that Rocky
Mount stays open for months after the
gathering and curing has been con
l'ieted and that they only closed this
'. 'ek. North Carolina. Virginia. Ken
tuck y anil all the loose-leaf tobacco
emarlets that I know about require
thy farmer I grade tobacco before it
can be marketed, and this requires
lots of time. The people in the States
referred to have been ;rowing tobae.
(.0 for generat ions. just like we have
cotton in South Ca rol in1. The grad
mag of tobacco c(oines perfectly natural
to them. The farmers get their first
load graded out and it goes to the
market to sell; before he can sell
again he has got to go back home
a nd gather his little family about his
knees and sit. and grade :nd tie to
b:acco for a week or ten dovs before
he eann market agiain'.
In Virginia nd K'atocky. wher I.
usually go in the winter to idio a to
baccco warehouse businhess. the f:arim
eis have to have grading houses in
he groundal. The places are called
pits. The t roub'e he has in the gral
ing and handling, etc. would make
the average man ldown here want to
qtuit with t obacco. In Virvgin ia, wh ere
Iwar this winter' and last fall, the
farmers found it very ha rd. inideedl, to
get tobacco graded on aiccounat of the
scaricity of labor. Many facrmers
neglected the sowing of whe::t amnl
the gathering of hiis 'orn :and bay
simply beeause he had to gradle his
tobacco. Of courise, he did ntot have'
to doa this, but hie preferred to grad
tobaicc o r ather thana wait anil take a
''hanrce on the prices going dIown o)n
Now about Ithe dlifferenci' in the
valu te of thle tocbacco .grown in t he
'dd bests: This tobacco, as a rule, is
betteir for dlomestie use thanr the South1
('a rolina tobacco. South Carcdlina is
l argelyv ex port - I th in k abou ct 75 per'
Penlt. We have' man11y girowers in this
1 nd adjoining counties thait grow i
real goocd (quality oIf tobiacdco. Many
cof them the past seasonui realizedI $6(tt
'icr acre. I cannot see where the Oil
NoithI St ate canli 1)ut1 much ovir on po
pie of that. kind. andl specially wheni
you, take into consiiderat ion that. the
farmer ean ma rkc't his tocbacco early
-cind without grainig. I t hink if the i
"rading question was put tci a votei
in South Carolinia tihe fa rmcrs would I
vote overwhelmingly against thle
adlont ion oif it. I kno)w a good moany
of the larger markets in South Caro
hina want it. But it woubil put a good
mny (If the little markets out of1
b'isiness. as the companie's couild not
a fford to keen buyers 0n the small
mnarkets for the length of time that
it would reouirie t~o gracde the tobiacco
crop. I think taking into considlern-I
ion that we are more of a coatton-'
(erowinlg State than tobacco ve't, we
v-oul find that if we were toi adopt
t he grad ing (If tobacco it wouilcd in
tc'rfere very materially wtth tile gath
ermig of our cotton. I am~ dloinig
sonic farming myself and am plant-I
ing both cotton and tobacco. andl T 1
am perfectly willing that North Caro
lina and the other Sitte that ae
3 ON OUR
to grade tobacco before thcy can sel
.t get the difference over me for their
trouble. I cannot see where we coukd
grade tobacco for $5 per hundred in
this State now the way labor is, and
too the average man knows nothing
about grading it.
Some fellov: imay say that I take
iy position because I want to make
this market and a Virginia market
too. This is isn't true. I am willing to
stay open in South Carolina as long
as the companies that buy our tobacct
think best to stay open. I think we
should stay open until the middle ot
September or the first of October. 1
find that the majority of farmers want
to get through reasonably early and
then give their attention to the gath.
ering of cotton and hay crops.
You will pardon me for writing at
length, as I never know when to quit
when writing about tobacco. Ont
thing I neglected to mention about
last year's crop of tobacco: The wet
season in July knocked hundreds o1
thousands of dollars oat of the South
Carolina crop, not onlt the growing
crop, but the tobacco was brought t<
market wet. I bought more than two
hundred thousand pounds of this kind
and today I have as a result of this
high order more than one hundred
thousand pounds that spoiled. Thi
would not likely have happened ir
North Carolina, as the farmers art
well up on how much order to let thc
weather put into the tobacco.-Mon.
ulay's News and Courier.
I. I). Cothran,
February 16. 1920.
Editor of The News and Courier,
Charleston, S. C.
I have been interested in reading
this morning an article in your paper
an "Our Tobacco Market" by my goo.d
friend R. D. Cothran. Mr. (othra,
is probably one of the best posted to
bacco men in the State and I am glad
that he has written this article, he
cause there are some things in con
nection with the South Carolina to
bacco market that the growers of to
bacco would like to know about. Mr.
Cothran does not make these 'point.s
lear in his article, but I am quite
sure that he has the information an I
being a warehousenan acting as the
argent of the farmer in selling his to
bacco, he is naturally interested in
'verything that affects the South
Mr. Cothran give. two reasons why
South (Ca rolinoa tob'aceo does not sell
is higi. as North Carolina ind Vir
;irina tobacco. The first reason is that
'orth Carolina and Virginia tobacco
is graded and tied and the second rea
on is that the tobacco grown in these
wo states is a better quality than the
obaccco grown inl South Carolina. lr.
otbran is probably correct in this
ut we are not particularly interested
a. this phase of the question. \We
wish Air. Cothran to tell us why South
'arolinn tobacco :sells so much higher
,i the North Carolina market after
,t. has been bought up and shipped
here by warehousemen or other
peculat ors, than it does on our own
Xa'ehouse floors. Ie o ia ws a truly
iath't i pi'ture of the poor North
'arolina and Virginia farmer gather
ng his little fIamily about his knees
n a humid grading ph toiling awa
o help daddy get another load of to.
'aecn graded and tied to that he can
ake it to market and sell it for $1.10)
wr pound, but he dloes not tell us
ibo''t the North ('arolin: amil Virginia
enIor; who bui1y ul large Mtocks
>f Souti 'arilinar tobacto du.ring the
~ew we'eks thiat ourii w'.areh'louses arec
>pen'i andl theni ship this tobacco to
he North Carolina markeits 1(o be sol
it at prit tof anywv~he're from twentyv
vye to one IhutnIdred per' ceont. (Certain lv
hpping' SouthI C.ariol ina t obacco
ceross the staite liner c'annott imiprove
t to that ext ent, anid I doublt verv
much if the spetutittoir gathers his
ittle famnily' arond his knees to grole
and tie hiis piurchase's.
I am glad that Alr. (''thr'an lid riot
ieg'l'ct to mention tU,' terrible wet
spe!P in J1uly t hot knocked hiundr'els
f thoursands of do'lhirs out (of thle
'outhi (Carolinia crop. It is currently
'eporit(ed that duiring this awftul wet
:1pell, the warehousemi (If our Stalt'
>Otught tip hiarge stocks of the ('0m
iion grades at anr average eost ariounrd
(Ix ('ents lar pound anal that a fter thle
meason closed t hey sold these stocks at
lin averag' price r iotund 1 5 cents peri
iounid. Nonie of this tobacco was
traded('t ori t ied( eit her but wa s t hrowni
nto hiogs-hieads with a plttch fork and
ti mioire ('are( was taken (If it. thia'
,wouild he tiaken withi hay or fodder. It'
~his irtpornt is t rue the wa rehitise m'n
niadte morei( nit prof'it afteri paving for
heir hiogsheados anrd oIther'i shiiinug
'xpenises t hani the far imer i rece iveil for
he tobacci. No oo kniows how miut'h
he other sneeu'tlator; maide who
iough t the betteir grades tiut it is sa i:
hat thiei r prof'its we're enormous.
Mr. ('tthrani was iunforttunate , in
hnmt lit failed to keep hiis toIbacco st ir
-ed and allowed a good part (of it toI
poil, but no otheri warehoisemani that
know of lost any a pprec iilet amnon t
if hi~s purchases ini this way.
I do not, vouch for' t' aeuraicy of
hie above' statements as 1 am oiily
nt irstedl ini tobaccoI'( from thlit stand11
)Oinit of thle grower. but thbese' iriort s
if hoi'er' rofits being made oni South
'aroinaii tobacco is common talk i''
he tob~accol tradet, especially in NorthI
"ar ol in a.
Mr. Cothi'aii. beine- fully informedt
Some time ago the French Govern
ment notified the United States that
they were going to give Memorial
Death Certificates to the nearest of
kir of the American boys who paid
the supreme sacrifice on French soil
during the world war. The American
government immediately notified the
different Posts of the American
Legion that it was their desire that
these certificates be presented through
the (liflerent local post,.'
American Legion Post No. 35 of
Summerton have decided to hold a
meeting Sunday afternoon, Feb. 22
(Washington's Birthday) at 3 o'clock
in the School Auditorium at Summer
ton, for the purpose of distributing
these Certificates. An invitation has
been extended to Major J. B. Tate of
the Regular Army, who Is now locat
ed in Columbia, to be present andI
make an address. Captain W. C.
Davis will present the Certificates and
there will be a choir present who will
furnish appropriate music for the oc
The following persons are entitled
to these Certificates, they being the
nearest of kin to those who did on the
battlefields of lrance.
Mr. Calvin .1. 1laley, Wilson Alill
Alirs. Beulah B. Sprott, Manning.
Alr. It. I.. ,ogan, Alcolu.
Mrs. 13. 1. Thompson, Jordan.
Mlr. J. J. Epps, New tZon.
Mrs. Cotney White. Bloomiville.
Ir. S. C. Williams, Manning.
Mr. J. P. Kelly, Mahning.
Ars. lattie P. Mood, Sumnmerton.
The above people are earnestly re
quested to be present and receive
these memorials. The general public
is also invited to attentd these exer
cises which will be of a memorial na
ture to the gallant boys of A merica.
HY DOMINI('K 1311,1.(
Washington, Feb. 17.--Congressm:an
Dominiek today introduced a bill di
viding the Eastern and We:tern jud ic
ial districts of South Carolina to f'o
(ivisions each, as follows: The divis
ion of Aiken, Columbi, Florence anI
Charleston, and (Greenville, Gree!nwool
Rock H1ill and Anderon. Court would
be held in each (livii;ion.
'hese divisions would be made up (f
the following counties:
Aiken: Aiken, Allendale, ImnBa erg,
Barnwell and Itampton.
('olumbia: Cal'houn, Kershaw, Lee,
I..xington, Orangeburg, ltichland and
Florence: ('hesterficld, Darlington,
Dillon, Florence, Georgetown, ILorr y,
liarlboro, Marion and Williamsburg.
(harleston: Charleston. Beaufort.
Berkeley, (Claarendon, Colleton, I)or
(reenville: Greenville Iaurens,
Union and Spartanbui-g.
GreenwooI: Abbeville, E Igefield,
Greenwood, .lc(or, mick, Newherry anI
\ nderson: A nderson. Oclro1 nee. and
I ock l ll: ( h es te r. l-'a ir tl Id . :t.a
easO-ter arnd York.
Al emph is, Feb. 17.-C-(harles II. iek
art, president and general manager
oif tihe National Prioducts comrpan:- of
this city was arrested todlay on a fed.
erab wairart (harging him with mrai:
ing a fraudulent income tax return.
The warrant alIleges B ickart gaven
fih' ta xale income of lIis comrpany. a
$2o,X38. 1-1, wherea s, the wa rran ta
serts, the taxable income of th' een
eern wa si $10,58t0. 15.
Ilickart waivedl prelimlinary hrear
ing. Ilei was releasedl on $1 i,f)(0
1-'0OD lNSP'ECTF(HS ElI'T
Chairlesfton. Feb. 17. -Onr March 18
aInd~ 19 food inspect iin lxperts from
six states in the Snut heaist, iniehl-l
ing North anrd (.5uth Carolina, wi2lfl
hold air anniual convention or t his eit v
I r. T.enon HaIinov' of (Charleston is Iha ir
wvhich is ma king arrangemenats;. Be
twee'r nO anid I100 oflicialIs a re exp~ec
,ud. Thie as'sociat ion mret in .hac'kson
viule last year.
is in a p1sit inn to fell us' wheithter or
not fthese reponrt s arie t rue. It threy
mre not trne. it. is due the warehouse
me0niof thre state that the facts shouli
Ie nrad In. own. If t hey arc truen,
steps shnuld 1(be taken at once eifther
byv the grow.ers alone or in coopr~ern
t ion with the warebnousemreir, to0
iremeidy th is coindition.
C. R. Smrott.
Manning, 5. C. Fdl. in; 1920.
Group Testimony Marks Day in New
LESSONS IN POLITICS
One Poll Worker Explains flow He
Was Paid for His
Grand Rapida, Mich., Feb. 17.
Group testimony marked the New
berry elections conspiracy trial today.
Nearly half the time was consumed
reading telegrams to the jury. For
the rest there was a review of the
Work of Allen K. Moore among the
railroad men of the state; a presenta
tion of politics as practiced in the
village of )unrlee; a description of
how "our navy," the "dry land battle
ship film" was distributed, "t, gratis
features" in one reel, the testimony
concerning the circulation at Great
Lakes, Ill., of some of the Ilelme nom
The Dundee testimony was aimed at
Emery Mills and Fred E. Cronenwett,
defendants from that. village. The
men who dealt with Mills gave little
information but one of ('ronenweet's
poll wtrkers explained how he got.
"Cronmiwout' wen by me fast and
gave me $," said this witness.
Two yong women from a Detroit
film exchange. Genevive ('.ll ins and
Ilclen Ba1man, dercribd how "Our
Navy" was sent around the state. It
was offered free e.xhihitors, the aim.
as explained by Miss Collins, being to
get it shown in every moving picture
house in Michigan. She said it went to
"pos~ibly 200 theaters."
Miss aIalmian read to the film as a
"gratis feature." On eros sexanina
tion 'tartin ''t. Littleton a:tked her one
"Was the lord Weekly sent free to
Aliss Hagman answered afhirmatively
before the govetnment could interpose
an ohii.-t iton ulft Iutgre Sessions or
dered both inestion and answer out.
of the record
l 11.I, SI'FFER11S,
Washington, Feb. 1i.--The public'
was pictured as the vietim of the re
'ent 1.1 per cent. increase in wages
given the coal miners in testimony to
dhy by representatives (if t he Public
Utilities association before' the coal
strike settlement commissitn and t.he
senate com011meric' subcommittee inves
tigating the fuel commission.
\1. 11. Alyesworth, ixectitive natn
ager of the Nationalt F;Iectrie L.ight as
sociation. told 119. c-'ramtission the
public h1:01 heen Ited to believe that
th' wag' inceae wotl.f utt he pass
ed oi to consontters, but when the op
erator' :added thie in,"rense o, ti)e pr.c.
cihiar'gd-l the public itiliti-s. it was in
vitale' tht t' aiih-anc(' s i ldl lie
relete-ji in litft ht. hi- det re t hant
thi' utiliti's i'.nttl it 1 sta t r muitt i-t
maintt t oflt pofo'it that" they'n~i i coul- o
li' h-til in s 'XIohS ndi-'lth
tel oft themisse thi'on'atiil erts t
te utifit ies itult tin wifllittuto tir
dial ion tesu-eim nh.s h
doub'es handtti't-ta x~ling Ica wat vffet lin'
huin t'he fit-'tlnd weathera.O~ tii h
Thle wi 'ittn ui. 'eti'e ht-f who pr
tt't':cf'i thetperttling 1xp-il lif plib
Ilie Itilfieits wase f 'iii.i aou
I n ftittn ita t i (f'govern ofl t' - ipit l
verc a ietse Nt be abv-:ittteli oecl
sry untils restoraidn f nrmastilt
ahis t ib e o vllt -i- i>n .0 ro h