Newspaper Page Text
Pages I to 12 Pag 1 t 2
VOL. XL MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11, 1920
STAND Of AMERICA
Sessions Might Involve Results at
Which Country Recoils,
NOT TO DEAL WI'ICE SOVIET
Reasons Why United States Has Not
Washington, Aug. 10.-(By the As
sociated Prcss.)-The American Gov
ernment declared today for the main
tenance of the political independence
and territorial integrity of Poland and
against any dismemberment of Russia.
In a note addressed to the Italian
ambassador Secretary Colby, speaking
with the approval and consent of Pres
ident Wilson, said the United States
took "no exception" to the efforts to
arrange an armistice between Poland
and Russia and would "regard with
satisfaction" a declaration by the Al
lied and associate Powers that the
"territorial integrity and boundaries"
of Russia would be respected.
The government flatly stated, how
ever ,that it would not, "at least for
the present," participate in any plan
for the expansion of the armitee ne
gotiations into a general European
conference because it would -in all
probability involve two results from
which the United States "strongly re
"The recognition of the Bolshevik
"A settlement of Russian problems
almost inevitably upon the basis of a
dismemberment of Russia."
Diplomatic Secrets Disclosed.
The note was in response to an
"agreeable intimation" from the Ital
ian ambassador that his government
would welcome a settlement of the
views of the American Government on
the Polish situation. Much of it was
devoted to a statement of the sympa
thetic feeling of the United States to
ward the Russian people. In reviewing
past events as evidence of this sym
pathy the Secretary of State disclosed
some' hitherto diplomatic secrets.
Mr Colby revealed that the Amer
ican Government had withheld its ap
proval from the decision of the su
preme council at Paris, recognizing
the independence of the "so-called re
publics" of Georgia arid Azerbaijan
because part of them were called out
of the (li Russia] Empire.
It also was stated that the United
tntcs hald taken the position that the
falid d nation of the boundaries
of Armenia, which the President has
been asked by the Allies to fix, "must
rot Ie made with oIt Russia-'s coopera
tion lan agreement."
It was further disclosed that the
United States had persistently refused
to rcognize Lhe Baltic states with the
exception of Finlan 1, a once indepn
dent ntion, becaume it held that they
were rightly a part of Russia and that
the territory embraced in them should
be held for the Russian people until
they should have organized a stable
Russia in Grip of Soviets.
"We are unwilling," the note de
clared, "that wvhile it (Fussia) is help
- less in the grip of a non-representative
government whose only sanction is
brutal force. Russia shall be wveakened
still further by a policy of dismember
ment conlceivedl in other than Russiani
Secretary Colby's statement of the
attitude of the American government
in the face of threatened overthrow of
Poland b~y the Russian Bolsheviki was
unequivocal, lie dlecalredl that the
people of the United States wvere "ear
nestly solicitous" for the maintenance
of P'oland's territorial integrity and
"From this attitudle we will not dle
part," he announced, "and the policy of
this government will lbe dlirected to
the employment of all available nmeans
to rendler it effectual."
Pillage and oplpression of the Poles,
the later dleclared, wvould remove Rus
sia wholly from (out of the ''pale of the
friendly interests of other nations."
Trhe Sec ret ary's note wats acceptedl
generally as evidence that the United
States aind Gr;yt Britain and France
were at one in a determination fo pre
vent the absorption of the new re
jpublic into Soviet Russia. Great Brit
tain's views on the subject were out
lined today in the British I louse of
Commons by Prenmier Lloyd George.
England and America Differ
There apparently, howvever, was a
the British and American governments
on the questions of dealing with the
Soviet and preservation of the true
boundaries of the former Russian em
Informal exchanges between Wash
ington and London and Paris on the
Russian-Polish situation have been
proceeding for some days, and the
fact that the American note was ad
dressed to the tlalian minister caused
some surprise in Washington. Mr.
Lloyd George had announced in the
I-louse of Commons only today that
inquiry surely would ye made as to
the position of the American Gov
ernment. To this was added the fact
that Italy had not taken an active
part in the Allied discussions of the
question and had not been represent
ed at the Hythe conferepee of Allied
Premiers, at which a policy was out
The Ameriedn nate did not go into
details as to the "available means"
which might be employed in protect
ing the independence of Poland, and
there was no information as to the
views of United States Government
all the blockade and economic meas
ures decided upon at Ilythe. Like
wies there was only an implied re
sponse to Poland's request for a
declqration of the "moral support" of
the United States in the fight against
In declaring for the maintenance of
the true boundaries of Russia so that
the whole of the vast empire might
be held for the Russian people until
such time as they had established a
permanent government, the Secretary
of State said these boundaries should
properly include the'whole of Russia
with the exception of Finland proper,
Ethenic Poland and such territory as
might by agreement from a part of
the independent Armenian State.
The aspiration sof these nations for
independence are legitimate, lie said,
because each was forcibly annexed by
old Russia and their liberation con
sequently involved no aggressions
against Russia's territorial rights.
Adeclaration by. the Allied and as
sociated powers that the territorial in
tegrity of Russia shoul be respected,
the secretary continued, presupposdt
the withdraiwal of all foreign troops
from the territory embraced by these
boundaries and should be accompanied
by the announcement that no trans
cession by Poland, Finland or any
other power of the line so drawn ald
proclaimed would be permitted.
'Thus oniy." he asserted, "caln the
Bolshevist regime be deprived of its
false but effect've appeal to R'.'ssiar
nalttionlal ism ant; comele to mieet the
inevitablei chalknuge of reason al(
self respect which the Russian people
secure frol invasion nd territoriai
violation are sure to ddres:l to a so
call philhoophy that degrades then
and a tyrann y that oppresses theni."'
iHEl.TII NI:RSES ,
'[O WAGE FIGIT
Board of Child Hygiene and Publi<
Nursing Cooperate Witil Tubercu
Miss Helen B3. Fenton, district su
1Crvisor of the bureau oft chlido hy.
gienie andii public hlealthl nursinlg, wvas
at the bureau's headquarters on th<
fourth floor oif the Palmetto Bank
build ing yesterday and1( toild something,
of the wvork being done over thle stat<(
by tile public hlealtih nurs~es. Ti
bureau in cooperation with the Souti
Carolina Anti-Tuberculosis associa
tion, 1s at prlesenit aiding ill the fighi
against tuberculosis. There are 4(
public health nurses under the super.
vision of the state boar-d .of hlealti
but about 68, in all in the State. Thiest
have been as~ked to c-ooperate with til<
tuberculosis association during til<
months of A ugust and September
Physicians niear- each of the nlurse,
have also been asked to coopierate
Printed matter- on the disease has1 beei
senlt to each of them, Miss F'entoi
says, and thorough instructio'ns give,
concern ing tile work they areC exp1cCt
ed to (do.
Thie winlter nmonthis are given ove1
bly the nurlses to work wioth the sc-hoo
chIildr-en, thle spring months to ibb
wvelfar-e and the fall wvill he dlevote<
to special wvork wvith tubherculosis. Th<
puliic health nurses paiy attentionl t<
tubierculosis at atll times and~ aid wvitl
every effort in the figiht thlat is beint
wvagedl againsat this dlisease, but thley
aire c-oncentr-ating upon01 thlis wvork dur11
ing these two( mlonlths, Pariailiesi
whlicih dent ha have oc-cuirred dlurinj
thlis year will he visited and whier:
there are conltact cases, help will bi
BETTER MAIL SERYICE
ASKED FOR MANNING!
Manning, S. C., July 19, 1920.
To The Chief Clerk of Railway Mail
Charleston, S. C.
We would again call your attention
to the very poor mail service that we
receive at this place, and request that
you give it some consideration, and
have one of your representatives make
a personal investigation of it. You
will understand that this is no com
plaint against the Postmaster, or a:-y
of his force, but we think with o !
amount of business done here thv. the
mails should be handled with more
dispatch. At present if the trains are
on time we receive and dispatch one
mail a day each way, except on Sun
(lay when we get only the morning
mad. In the week if the train reaches
here hefore nine at night the mail is
distributed that night, if not, it is dis
tributed next morning too late for the
trains that morning to do any good
and causing a wait of twenty-four
hours before we could get off the re
ply. We think that as this Office now
comes under a Second Class Office that
sufficient force should be given to put
up mails each night, Sunday included
whether trains are on time or not.
We also request that a Mail Clerk be
put on trains 46 and 47, which would
give us a double service.
First National Bank, by W. C
W. C. Davis, Attorney.
J. I1. Rigby, Mereahnt.
The 5-10-25c Store Ir.
W. Gordon McCabe & Co.
by S. J. Smith.
The Manning Grocery Co.
F. L. Wolfe.
Appelt & Shope.
.J. E. Davis.
S. J1. Smith.
C. C. C:iewning.
B. B. Breedin.
Hoffman French Dry Cleaning Co,
by Cary Smith.
J. B. Cantey, Clerk of Court.
H. D. Dubrow.
Home Bank & Trust Co.
DuRant & Floyd.
II. I. Ellerbe.
DuRant & Ellerbe, Attornys.
Clarendon Telephone Co.
Plowden Hardware Co.
Coffey & Rigby.
.J. W. Rigby. .
Purdy & O'Bryan, Attorneys.
Manning Light & Ice Co.
by S. Oliver O'Bryan.
S. Oliver O'Bryan.
Dickson Grocery & Feed Co.
Manning Builders Supply Co.
A. J. Rigby,
Jos. S. Dickson.
F. P. Burgess.
J. F. I)ickson.
Mrs. .1. W. ims and children spent
the week-end with relatives here, re
turning to Sumter on Monday.
Miss Iva Geddings left last week
for a two weeks visit to her friend,
Mrs. Ada Crumle y at Saluda.
Miss Varnie McLeod is visiting re
httives and friends at Charleston, and
Mrs. Annie E. lerlong has return
ed from a visit to her daughter, Mrs.
Alec Rodgers at Kingstree.
Miss .Jessie Curtis has been appoint
ed to teach the 1Home Branch Adul
school and begun work on the 2nd.
She reports a very enthusiastic class.
A party composedl ,>r Mesdames G.
HI. Curtis and daughter, A mel ia, .. WV.
M ims, .Jr., and childlren, T1. WV. (Gunter,
Misses Vivian Curtis, D~aisy and Carrie
Rhame have returnedl from Charles
ton and the Isle of P'alms where they
spent several clays enjoying the seai
Mrs. Charlie Bradhama and clild ren
of Sumter are visiting at tihe ionme of
Mr. L. Weinberg.
iMr. Dave Wilson of tile firm of
Eadon & Wi ton left Saturday for
Baltimore t rhs od o h
fall trade,.o ucaegod o h
Rev. P. B. Ingraham is away on his
vacation and will not fill h1is appoint
-ament next Sunday miorn ing at the
Little Grc TIisdale celebated her
sixth birthday on last Saturday after
noon1. Quite a number of her little
friends wvere present to enjoy the oc
easion1 wvith her. Ice (camn and cake
were-served (luring tile a fternaoon.
On nlext Tuaesday, the 17th, cam
paigtn D~ay here, the ladies of tihe
Methodist church wvillI serve diiner in
the grove of Mr's. S. E. C ur'tis. Upon03
the conclusion of the speeches, a game
of ball wvillI be played on the Pa xvilleI
diamond between P'inewvood and the
local team. Our boys are gettinig
th ings ill shape and1( a lively game is
promiisedI. Be sure to spendi next
Tu'Lesday in Paxville.
> COUJRT-'MARIJAL 1)UTY'X
M iam i, Vla., A ug. 9.- -- Rearm Adma- a I
IHenton C. Decker, com~ma ndcanit of the
- sevenith1 naval d istrtict wvithi headquar
ters at Key West, has been detaced
and11 order'ed to report at Hampton
Roads for general court-martial dunty,
as wvas officially announced at the
Key West navnl station thifeno.
A truck belonging to the Manning
Candy Kitchen got away fron the
driver Monday evening, ran into thc
front of the Home Bank and Trust Co,
anll. did considerable damage to the
brick and plate glass in one of the
Mr. Lee Von Sauten of the
Clarendon Irug company came near
losing his life Monday' night when he
came in contact with a live wire near
the depot. It seems that the are lamp
near that point had been blown dowi
by the storm and the wire broken. As
sistance was rendered Mr. Von Sau
ten by parties nearby who heard him
fall and as a result of the timely ac
tion even though he was badly burned
his life was saved.
The construction company contract
ing to build the highways of Claren
don. commenced work yesterday. The,
started at Turbeville and will come t(
Manning. The next r-oad will be from
Pinewood to the Williamsburg line. It
now looks as if Clarendon will gel
some good roads, as this company
works a large crew of hands and
other necessary machinery for build.
ing roads it will not take them long
to give us some turn-pikes.
Rural Policeman J. Edward Gamble
located and arrested Richard Rowe, c
negro, who killed another negro ir
1914, at Alcolu, by the name of Wise
and made good his escape. This negrc
has been dodging the officers for siN
years, but through the detective worli
of Rural Policeman Gamble, he wa,
located and arrested and lodged in jai
last night. Mr. Gamble was alon
when the arrest was made at Gable
yesterday evening. Clarendon Coun
ty has a State-wide reputation foi
running down criminals.
Mrs. Horace Thomas entertained al
four tables of rook this afternoon ir
honor of Mrs. E. F. LeParde of Vir
ginia. After the games a deliciou.
salad course with iced tea was served
The. guests were, Mrs. E. F. LeParde
Mrs. .1. D. Gerald, Mrs. McElveen
Mrs. Ma rian Williams, M rs. Franl
Burgess, Mrs. Cary Smith, Mrs. Scot,
Harvin, Mrs. F. C. Thomas, Mrs. Me
Crea, Mrs. B. B. Breedin, Mrs. Arant
Mrs. Gordon, Mrs. Wycoff, Mrs. Scot
Harvin, Sr., and Mrs Patrick.
For the past week Miss Cecil Clarl
ha4 entertained a "lucky seven" girl:
at a house party, each moment of thei
stay being filled with fun and frolic
The guests were Miss Harriett Wan
namaker, Miss Margret Gelzer, Mis:
Margret Clickley and Miss Lida Glov
er, all of Orangeburg and the follow
ing town girls: Miss Francis llarvin
Miss Leila Margaret Dickson, am
Miss S-Ath Lesesne. Among the af
fairs given in their honor was foui
tables of rook on Friday morning a
the home of Miss Clark. On Thurs
(lay evening Mrs. George Di:kson an<
Mrs. Iiggenbotham chaperoned abou
thirty members of the younger set a
a picnic supper and swimming matel
given by Miss Clark for her guests
at Tindal's mill pond. Thursday even
ing the home of Miss Clark was th
scene of a lovely party given in hono
of her guests, a color scheme of gob
anld whiite being carried out in th
decoration3 oi cut flower.,; and in th
dainty ices served.
Delightful informality characteri-e
the party given at the home of Mayo
mad Mrs. W. C. Davis Th ursday even
ing in honor of their attractive neices
IMisses Belva, Louise and Claira lay
1,(-swoirth of Florence. Upon the ar
rival oif the guests they were givem
ten letters of the alphabet and rec
qulestedl to write a teni word telegramii
beginning the words of the telegr-an
with the letter-s given them. 'Thes
were then readl andio votedl upon, M is
Iriene Plowden winiing the prizte a bo:
of stationer-y for- the most uniqu
telegr-am. ....ext came( a match guess
mig conitest whiich affordedl much fun
lFortunes inl nut shells were- passe
amnonig the gu-st~s ando these wer
openedco and r-eilad a0oud. Punch wa
ser'vedo throughout the- evening from ao
artistically arrianged punch bowl 0i
the p)orch over wvhich Misses Clara
IHay~ne.swVort L ou .)1ise Br'own'. Bloci
creamlil inl yellow andl white with pounm
cake icedl in wvhite wvas served at
late hour11. Dainty powder'i puffs wer
given the young ladies as favors wh ii
gay c'oloi'ed balloons fell to the young
men. Tlhe guests i ncludmed : Miss Tor
Ilagnal, Miss I 'rne P'lowdein, Mis
.Juiliai Wilson. Miss M ildr'ed Brown
Miss Rita Hlugginas, Clnarence lDink
ins, Craven Bradhamn, Lau11rens Briad
hama, Theodore Lese('sne(, Jr., Thoma
Haigal, Scott BagnalI, HIarry G er'a ld
(C)AL. EXPICT'IS AlUE LA RGE
WVash ington, A'Xug. 101-Ex2<por'ts !
bituinous coalI fr'om the UI nite
R'to(s duin lg the fiscal1 y'ai- just enid
nil ('eceded by~ more thlan 5,000,00)(
according to foreign trd fiI igure'(s iis
sud todany by~ thle D~epar'tment of Com.
D~uri ng thle fiscal yeari 1920 22,97ti,
9192299,978 wer-e e'x\ported comparIli ed
S'h 18,152,337 tons valued at. $75,82(6
('lb y(''ir agJo. In addition bunkea
eml loaded on vessels for for'eigt
' ndle in 1920 ann1031 em to 836,r5
Chicago, Aug. 1O.-The railway i
bor board's decision today awarding
an annual wage increase of $30,000,000
to employes of the American Express I
Company will be submitted to the
80,000 men affected in a referendum,'
with a recommendation that the
award be accepted, officials of the four
unions included in the decision said
The labor board granted a flat in
crease of 16 cents an hour to the em
ployes, retroctive to May 1, 1920.
While this amount was somewhat less
than the men demanded, it -was said
by officials of the unions tonight t>
"appear to no satisfactory" and belief
was expressed that the employes would
The four unions of the express ei
ployes, all of which were included in
the award, are the Order of Railway
Expressmen, the RaIhvay Express
Drivers, Chauffeurs and Conductors,
Local No. 720 of Chicago; the Interna
tioml Brotherhood of Teamsters,
Chiefs, Stablemen and Helpers of
America. and tie Brotherhood of Rail
way and Steamship Clerks, Freight
Handlers, Express and , Station Em
IN TRAIN WRECK
Savannah, Ga., August 10.-Froni
twenty to thirty persons were injured
this afternoon when Atlantic 'Coast
Line train No. 83, New York to Jack
sonville, was derailed four miles north
of Hardeeville, S. C. The train coil
sisted of nine coaches, six of which
left the tracks and went over a five
foot embankment. aRilroad men de
elare no one was killed. All avail
able ambulances have been ordered 1o
thc union station here and reserva
tions at Savannah hospitals have been
madie for the injured.
The following injured persons have
han taken to the Savannah hospital:
:rs. P. W. Brown, Savamah, back
I injpred: serious.
Mrs. Pauline Lane, Jacksonville,
shoulder bruise.. 1calp Wound.
J. A. G: rrard, 70.1 Wynnwood road,
West Piiladelphia, ribs broken.
G. .1. Barnes. Anderson, S. C.
N. P. Caddell, Charleston, S. C.
W. J. Craig, passenger tralic man
ager Atlantic Coast Line, Wilming
ton, N. C., body bruises.
A. B. llemingway, Ridgeland, S. C.
I riilt shoulder fractured.
Mrs. John 'Reitz, Irs. Charles
Reitz ind John Reitz, Ashland, Pa.,
buruisecs on necks andl heads.
- Mr-. Neetle Kimes, Fort MeaI e,
Fla., briised and shaken up.
A number of injured were released
fron the hospital after examination.
BERGl)OLL ANi RIATTVES
New York, August 10.-Erwin Ru
dolph Bergidoll being court-mart ia led
on Goverror's Isharind, chr ged fith
deserton from tOh armly in evi.ing
tlth draft law, did not want to enter
the ar-my and bie inl position where he
"miighit hlave fir hoot relaitives onl t he
other ile,"' acco rd ing to t estimonay
todlay by Wmn. E. Ellis wvho was chair
mian of tihe local <harft board of
Broomal, .Ja., at thle time Bergdoll
Bergdloll d isa ppea red a fter he was
Itold that ais he was an Amiler ican c iti
en1 lhe rnuist aniswer the dr a ft call,
Walter R. JIohns, treasurer (of the
.Med ia Trust C'ompa ny, Meidia, Pa.,
idlent ifi(ed thbe hanadwr-i ting of Mr-s. Er
win R. Bergdloll,. deceased wvife of the
accu sedl, wholi hadi wittten a letter to
the diaft bioardr asking wiry Bergdloll
was placed ini (hiss I whenl he was
5IGNED) BY AI.I AES
r'Sv res. Fraincei. Aug. 10i.. -(ly tile
A ssic iieud Pr'ess.) ----Tuirk ey, till last
poiwer' tol remnaill inl ai state oif war
withi the EnItent e, s i'ned tile treaty
triday andi is no(w oile~lially at. peiace.
ISeria andi1 lra z a lone oif tile na11
ion~s initeiesteid liad reifused to s ign.
I 'remlier Veizielois, alithIouigh a11 cie
ig whamt is c'onsidrledi tri have' beein
onre of Is life amblitionas, aflixedl Is
signature tir tire th ree vouminouis idoe
umoenlts tile tlrty itself, andl ltalol
G;-rek pirotoco-l andi a pirrtioiol (in Asia
inor andi tihe zones( of inlfluieni.2
wi trobn h 'rlirIandis andri sombre face
a1rie by somell to illneiss an iro(ver
elk. The thrree 'rik ish delegates
loIoked awvay as thec premier passedl
their seats, nlot bow ing to I im as they
dlid to thel( othier dlelegatts.
SOM Of 1118 STEPS
amous Financier Tells Kiwanians of
POSTAL EXCHANGE DEALS
ks Yet lIe Has Found No One Who
Will Have to Mlake Good
Any Loss Sustained
Boston, August 1--Charles Ponzi,
vlo claims to have jumped from Com
arative Poverty to a multimillionaires
state in a few montls through deal
ngs in imternational postal coupos,
old members of the Kiwanis Club to
lay sonie of the steps in the process
y which he claims to have amassed
Ponzi, making his first appeorance
s ai after-dinner spleaker since ho
ecame one of the most talked of mien
n the country, was a luncheon guest
f the club. Ile was invited some
ime ago, before lie was compelled to
ease payment in his "fifty per cent
ii forty-five days" proposition becauso
f the orders issue(d by the Stato
ank commissioner to the Hanover
rust Company yesterday to pay no
nore of Ponzi's checks.
In opening his remarks Ponzi reit
rated his claim that he was solvent
ml expressed confidence that this
vould be substantiated by the fed
'ral and State investigations now in
>rogress and that he would be able
,o resume business in a few days.
Small Office to Start.
Ile related how he had hired a small
>fhce, use(d his small capital in v'ari
>s business schemes, and then, with
in international reply coupon always
n front of him on his desk, "began
o do something." lie finally obtained
inancial assistance, lie sai(l, to de
'elop his idea and spent thouis'ils
)f (ollars inl foreign corrcs pond.
"I found out," le said, "tha the
itttal coupons were being sold in
'oreign countries for the equivalent of
;ix cents and could be converted into
.o)stage staims. Then all I had to (10
was figure how many nickles mal a
"I got in touch with men-that's
As far as I'll go-who were able to
ecire for me large amounts of cou
pons in lifferent countries. They
>Ought them with our money and
.tsel them as collateral to be re
"Whten contditions werv right I of
et're(l to borrow money from tho
public. I offered fifty per cent. inl
minety dal, -, and would not promise
(o redlt'ei notes in forty-five, though
I thouglit that. thire weeks was
About the right time to bank the
money here, sed11(1 it abroad, get the
iLamps ani (onlvert themil iito clial
Presi(lent and Office Boy.
"I started the Securities Exchange
Coi mpany. I was everythi ng from
pesident to olice boy.
"I deci(led that it I redleetmiedl he
stampis ini th' Untitedl Stattes the tet
'tal government miighit decide thait if
'attm( withini its .iurisdiction, though
there was no fieeral or State law
agn.i.ist it. But the exchainge rate wans
thie same itn Sw i tzerlanrd anid Norway
tand someit otther' counitItries, so I de.
'idedl to tedeemi thlemi thtete."
Somieonte ini the auilence asked why
the( posta Iauthlor'ities hadti been utn
able tio fin ti aniiy e'videc It o '(f such
Inarge dleal ings~ inl reply iourit Pi.Ioz'ij
'eli ed that tforeign govetrnment s teil.
!zed a ptrofi t on the issueo of' t hese pos..
LalI c(rtiflicatIes 'nd ate not going to
Iisclose to ot her governmtient s how
mianiiy 'outon t11)51hey havte issutedl."
"'A ndt t he Itutertiat inal Postal Un ion
is not going to (It it.,'' he adldd.
A sked if f'oreign governmtetts had
not1 stolpped this, he replied.
"Yes, t hey are stopping. they have
stopped the sale of ('oupjons for pub.
lI I use. Hut thait dotes niot stopi my
buts inets;. My mnoniey in Eur-ope is
work intg today ,event if it is tiot here.''
lIn the tratisactionis in c'oiuponls ,bto
inisistetI, nobodly suffers a ltss.
"I buty today,''"t he 1 ait "a 'ldlar's
worth otf italIian exchanigte. At thte
n'teset rate i' I et e ighiteetn lire.
woubttIt get fi ve under no rumal exch angte.
Vith the cighiteen Iir'e I huty sixty
inltrnationial reply~t 'ontpons. 'Tesie
'ilotis enn be tt sohil for $3 itn Amoeri
IHt nmita ine utat noIi go)vernmenlet.
1 ed't lose, bit transactio n btweenu
vernmItents m5tay be tdelayed utntil e'N
hIanrge' is nor-mal andt ptointtedl out,
htat. thete has been dlelay in the pay1
nleit of interest, otn Amerviicait loans
) thie Allies.