Newspaper Page Text
WHAT TH[ FRE RANGE ISSUE
MEANS TO SOUTH CAROLINA
No Hope of Real Progress in Cattle
Belt Counties Until Country Is
Made Free for Men and Not for
At the coining Democratic primary
the question of the free range of cat
tle ;s ito be voted on in four counties
- Of the South Carolina coas, namely
the counties of Berkeley, Dorchester,
Colleton and Jasper.
Why the General Assembly of South
- Carolina decided to submit such a ques
tion to a popular vote in four counties,
and denying such a vote to the rest,
belongs to the underworld of politics.
There is neither rhyme nor reason in
It was clear that the free range of
cattle was against sound policy and
good morals anywhere in a civilized
:State. The lower House, where the
4 question was debated thoroughly, de
cided, by an overwhelming vote, that
no such condition would be tolerated.
Tn the closing days of the session the
(left hand of political jugglery came
iinto action. The result no man has
;attemipted to explain.
The upshot is the condition confront,
ing these four counties. They have
-to vote on the question of whether
.the free range of cattle shall be per
mitted or not.
, It may be taken for granted that
the farn population is opposed to it.
There is not a real farmer in the
State who favors free range. It is in
conceivable that any farmer should;
for thereby he imposes an onerous tax
on himself by having to fence his land.
(Caes are on record where the cost of
-'fecig one farm exceeded the value
'of all the live stock returned in a whole
Near E.(#e~s Oi
A good future without
doesn't often happen, yo
SOur institution is a p:
Sand investing bank.
(MWe solicit the patronas
alettributes are likewise.
EMly desire to become such.
*You never regret moi
1use to regret when it is i
T. M. MOU)
*taae ene res IE-I.E Ne -I. I-.am
Kills Live Stock Industry.
Furthermore, it has been shown that
the single county of Orangeburg has
more hogs and other live stock than
all the free range counties combined.
There is no trouble to establish the
fact that where free range exists the
quality of live stock must be poor and
the quantity small.
In fact, free range imakes practical
ly iil)ossible devolopmnvit of the live
stock industry on any considerable
The question is a simple one. A few
men wish to run cows and hogs over
thousands of acres of land, owned by
somebody else. They reap the benefit;
the other fellow pays the taxes.
As a matter of fundamental honesty
this requires no arguing. The Consti
tution of the United States forbids any
State passing a low impairing the
validity of contracts. A man holds his
land in fee from the State. The State
, )llects taxes on it as a charge for
I rotecting it and of insuring peaceable
Then, under free range, permission
is given othei parties to use this land
for a cattle range, thereby destr'oying
the owner's right and upsetting his
contiact with the State.
Whether the lawyers see it that way
or not, this is a plain violation of the.
Constitution of the UJnited States. Thel
contract has not only been impaired; it
has been abrogated.
How the Thing Workq.
Let us see how it works. Here are
four counties possesing the richest
land in America. They are thinly set
tIed and citizens have been driven out
of them by thousands, taking their
earning capacity and their influence
into other counties, Berkeley, for ex
ample, lost its best developed portion
simpIly heeause the citizens in that
areit r(4fused to live longer undler such
a sY.km. Colleton has alr eady lost a
ind Heating' Co.I
flte. Phone 155I
saving is something that
'ogressive money saving
e of these whose person
-and those who earnest
1ey saved. There is no
portion of its territory to Bamberg and
will assuredly lose more. Dorchester
will infallibly lose its upped portion
whenever conditions are ripe and the
change can be made.
Moreover, these counties were among
the firt settled by white men in South
Carolimitt, For fifty years they have
been losing population; aird there ap
pears no hope qf a change, so long as
the freo ranige continues.
Not niany years ago, the region
around Meggett and Longe's Island
v6ted out of Colleton and into Charles- I
ton, for no other reason than that
conditions in Colleton County made it
impossible for them to continue in it.
All along the line there is progres
sive degeneration. The wave of pros
perity that struck the State during the
war and sent land values skyhigh
made not the slightest impression on
these cattle belt counties.
Progressive citizens naturally drain
>ut; reactionaries naturally drain in.
Fab Ic A -We
i this Pagt
There is loss both ways. thi
It is not hard to show any poor man He
that he can not have good roads good pr
schoolIs, and the other appliances of
modern civilization, until his commun- leY
ity is settled. It requires the weight Ox
of number to give the punch to civili.
Large landed proprietors, can he aV
somewhat independent of these things. St
They can fence land, employ men to ain
guard it and make their rights re- po
The ordinary citizen who wishes to ing
make a living for himself.and his fam- Be
liy faces a handica) hu can not over- sh
come. The result ii swift and sur,. be:
Ile moves out into a free country, free id
for men and not for hogs. ~ ex1
Frangc r'ange makces for low living eal
ind furnishes a fertile soil for crime. cli
Apicture of Bamberg and Colleton,
set side by side, is contrast that eann
rot fail to strike an ordinary observer, its
A similar picture of Orangeburg on sta
Don't be r
matter of wi
of what tire
~ \\ in the wor.
~PdI devoted to t
11' Maxwell or
I these sizes, y~
year Tires ;
I Go there f'or
/ strated exper
tilwr l r e $ oodycar I
you are as!.
L'ar Singlc-Cure 4$ 150 cadnfgs whx
d I Tre ad..........L.. Li- 30 x 3%/ hin'
one hand, and Dorchester and
rkeley on the other, is equally im
rhe lands of Dorchester alt(I Ikerke
are even better th.a'n the land of
angeburg. j\l &mi intforme11d men
)W this to be true. Yet, while
angeburg is one of the foremost
ricultural counties i nthe United
ites. Dorchester and Berkeley are
ong the very worst from the same
nt of view.
\gain, the contrast is equally strik
between Iasper and Beaufort,
mufort has become modernized, has
t forward and taken rank with the
,t. Port royal Island is a picture an
11. A great portion of Jasper (the
Lct proportion can not now be re
led) is ow-ned by Northern hunting
bs and shut to settlement.
A Serious Condition.
'he argument brought forward by
Senator last session was in sug
aisled by very cl
for tire economUy i
iat tires coAt originai
service costs in th
ear mileage and c<
a Goodyear Tires,
3%-2 and 31 x 4-ic
[d's largest tire ft
a Ford, Chevrolet,
other car taking <
ucan equip it with
it your nearest S<
the exceptionaI va
xperience and de
tness in tire manufai
Icavy Tourist Tubes cost uno more (ha
dto pay for tubesi of less merit -why
nz such sure protection is availabie
mu waterproof bag.....
Our people, by firing the woods and
running the eattle at large, so depre
'ited the value of our lands that they
were bought for a song by Northern
people. These Northern people, having
bought and shut up, so much of our
county, we ask I)ermission of the Gcen
eral Assembly to be allowed to ruin
He did nof. put it that way; but that
is an analysis of his utterance. IIis re
marks revealed a eondition altogether
discreditable, and for which the citi-.
zens of ils county are entirely to
Who sold these Northern people the
lands ? And why did they sell them?
They were sold by citizens of the re
gion because the lands could not be
otherw-is handled to advantne The
cow, the hog and the fire furnished
Do these four counties wish to ad
vertise to the world that they prefer
the condition now existing ?
s not a
a the price