Newspaper Page Text
CUSTOM Of SMOKNG
i(Continued from page 3)
Arm of tobacco began in Virginia
h the earliest settlement of the
*.akiny. It is recorded that in 1615
' qardens, helds, and even the sitreet
af Jamestown were planted with to
., which inmediately became, not
w-A: the staple crop, but the principal'
.1tyrIncy of the colony. In 1619 "nine-1
Ay agreeable persons, young and in
samtpt,' 'and in 1621 "sixty moro
-Maids, of virtuous education, young
)s handsome" were sent out from
imrlon to provide wives for the colo-I
aissu. The first lot of these ladies was
s-n-vhased by the colonists for 120
puonds of tobacco each; the second lot
lro-ught 150 pounds each .
Nevertheless, there is evidence to
Ahow that the early explorers of the
Ns'w World regarded the custom of
xvking as the extremity of barbar
mm. Nor have advocates of this view
5evin lacking from that (lay to this.
u in, spite of al lobjections, tobacco
*. extended its reign over the en
I wish to annou
that I have op
and Jewelry Rei
at DeLorme's P
ii Main Street,
1 the W. A. Thu
Store for a nt
as Repair Man,
ronage of my
Watch - Maker
At DeLorme's Phar
A On which
- PHONE 128
tire earth. It is an important source a
of revenue to the most enlightened of
governments; its devotees include men a
of all ranks and all races from the
Eskimo to the Central African sav- a
However, this did not come about
without vigorous objection by Church s
and State, and severe penalties and
punishments were tried in many coun- a
tries to stamp out the habit, but r
James I was particularly bitter in I
his denunciation of the use of tobacco. <
Ile raised the duty from twopence per
pound to the enormous sum of two <
shillings and tenpence. In 1619 he
comnianded that no planter in Vir- I
ginia should cultivate more than 100 v
pounds, and in 1624 he prohibited the
planting of tobacco in England and t
Ireland. A portion of his famous %
"Cuiterbiast against Tobacco" reads <
as follows: "A custom loathsome to
the eye, harmful to the braine, dan- s
gerous to the lungs, and the fume q
thereof nearest resernbling the hor- s
rible Stygian pit thae is bottomless." 1
It is an historical fact that both <
*James I, Charles I, anti Charles I[ as
w2ll ais Cromwell had the strongest
dislike of the Indian weed and lost no
opportunity to Suppress its cultivation
ce to the public
ened a Watch
Sumter, S. C.
imber of years
I solicit the pat
friends and the
macy, Sumter, S. C.
-ably Located i
is four dwellings
and up, accor dir
1acant Lots, $254
groupe any nui
Terms of Sale.
better offer be m
iT & FI
MANNIN, 8. C.
Pope Urban VIII excommunicate
,11 who took snuff in church.
Christian IV of Denmark had all
mokers and snuffers publicly whip.
The Chinese and Japanese punishe
mokers by whippings and maimings.
The Russian rulers cut off nose
nd the Turks stuck pipes through th<
toses of smokers and exhibited th<
ictims in public. Amurath IV of Tur
:ey beheaded -veryone found guilt5
f smoking. '
In spite of such powerful foes, Lh<
ustom increased to such an exteni
hat when Winliam ascended th<
hrone, it was said to be almost uni
Penalties are still imposed on th
sers of tobacco in the form of taxe:
vhich constitute an important source
f revenue to the government.
Thus, this haibt, learned from th<
aga,e came gradually to be accepte(
.s the natural order of affairs, anc
o the barbarous custom of smoking
as become -1most a universal habil
if civilized nations and has created ar
ver increasingy demand for the
The average individual begins th<
ise of tobacco i nearly adult life. Th<
easons for beginning its use var3
vith the individual, but when sifter
[own invariably fall into the sami
lass. The individual smokes becaus<
ic observes other people smoking an(
hese people api;ear to derive enjoy
nent from it. His companions and as
ociates use tobacco an(d it is apparen1
o him that they derive considerabli
atisfaction from its; use. Ile goes t<
lin.,r and followitng dinner he ob
erves his host and fellow guest:
elect and light their after-dinne:
igars. They sit back in their chair
knd blow fragrant clouds of smoki
oward the ceiling. They relax an
ippear to be at case and the observer
ioting these phenonmena, is tempte<
o avail himself of the weed. Fron
onstantly associating with smoker
tnd with tobacco readily obtainable
t is but natural that he should ac
luire the habit.
The fact that the first few attempt
nay produce far from pleasurabi
;ensations does not deter him. Th
iabit once acquired in the great ma
ority of cwaer continues through life
In times of stress he resorts to i
is well as in idle moments. For th
ired business man the after-dinne
igar is often the prelude to an hou
f relaxation, recuperation, ani
nental rest. For the laborer after ;
iard day's work the solace of th
wening pipe tends to soothe the ach.
>f tired muscles.
The tension unicJor which we appen
:o live, the continual striving fo
rain ,for advancement, in many case
.or even the necessaries of life, th
)etty annoyances, grievances, an
vorries which enter our daily life; th,
eatlessness, the lack of contentmen
vhich is everywhere manifest, al
;hese factors create a demand whici
nust be satisfied.
For some alcohol supplied the de
nand, for sonic drugs, for others th<
heatre, athletic sports, moving pic
ig to size
Black-Draught "has n6 equal
fdr headache, sour stomach, tor
pid liver and feverish colds . ."
declares Mrs. Annie Whitmore,
of Gate City, Va. "it is easy to
take and does not gripe, as a
lot of medicines do," she adds.
"It Is good to take In a hot tea
for colds, or can be taken in a
dry powder. I can't say enough
for Black-Draught and the sick
ness it has saved us."
has been found a valuable liver
"I do Vpt use any other liver
medicine," says Mrs. Mary 0.
Brown, of Europa, Miss. "It is
splendid for sour stomach, a
bad taste in the mouth or torpid
liver. I keep it all the time, use
It with the children and feel it
has saved us many dollars in
doctor bills and many days in
Insist on the genuine-Thed
tures, motoring, and hunting.
But the demand exists and there is
abundant evidence to prove that to
S bacco answers this demand more uni
0 versally than any of the other seda
e tives mentioned, that it reaches a larg
er mass of people, and that it accom
plishes its purpose with the minimum
t of after effects.
We have made national prohibition
r a fact, and wisely so; we have sur
rounded habit-forming drugs with the
most stringent laws that legislators
have been able to enact. In our zeal
for reform let us not allow the pend
ulum to swing too far and attempt to
k prohibit the use of tobacco without a
r careful analysis of the place it hat
come to occupy.
There are some Idividuals who
cannot use tobacco, there are some
who should not use it, there are some
who use it to excess and who suffer in
consequence. There is on the other
hand a large army of moderate toba
cco users, who indulge for years with
ont appreciably bad physical effect and
with good mental effect. Each indi
vidual must, be his own judge as to
whether he can use tobacco safely and
also as to the amount he can tolerate.
There can be little doubt that to
.bacco helps to ease difficult situations
in civil life as well as at Ohe fr nt. It
provides in outlet for many indivi
duals, readily available, a sort of
You are held up by traflic congev.
tion on the way to your office; you putY
your cigarette faster while waiting
for the line to move; your decision is
necessary On some important under
I taking; you think it over with the aid
of a soothing smoke. V'ollowing dini
ner your host passes cigars, and un
der the influence of tobacco you feel
less restraint, more at ease; you con
verse better and an atmosphere of
well-being andi good fellowship is in
Consequently tile almost unliversal
chairacter of the hlabit is not diflicult
to explain. Tihat its use to excess
leaids to harmful effects thlere is no
doubt. Th ere is no0 geineral rule which
can b~e laid down for all to follow.
EA'ch individual kilows as a rule whlen
he0 is extceeding thle amount he may
safely take. It would appear that it
is tile abuse of tob~acco instead of its
use whichl is responisible for tile hlarm
it may~ do.
Befoire attempting to leg-islate it
out of existence let us analyze the'
orirqm of its enlormlous denmand. Re
duce tile tension under wvhichl we live,
relieve tile fierce struggle for exis
tence, the crowding, the jostling, the
st rivmig for advanceiment, for gain;
pr ovide ai means of relaxation, of re
creat ion, and we shlalil have goine far
to supply a sublstitute.
Thel tobhacco hlabitI. may1k be likened in
miany respects to tile tea and coffee
11abit. Each may do hlarm inl some
cases; eachl may1 also( be a source of
comfort and1( solace ill othlers. Under
idieal su rround inigs and environ ment
tilei demnd1 for eachl wouldl probably
d iisapplear. In thiemlselves thley cannot
he classed as foods, or even as nleces
ities. Many peopile would no0 doubt
b~e better off withlout thleim. But for
a large mass of peolie thley haIve
'omle to ocupy ain imlportan place.
Tobacco is used by all races from
tihe mlost savage to tile mlost civil iz/ed.
mn the frozen arctic re'gionls as well
as inl tile tropics, andi by tile rulers of
nlationls as well as tile lowest sublit.
If you class tobacco as a for'm of
diissipationl, at least you mlust grant
thlat it is a mlild form of dlissipation.
If yo0u wouild deprive' tile indtividualt of
hiis tobacco hle wouldhihe juistigedl ill
makmig the samile dlemIuft regard ing
y'ouri tea or coffee.
Hefore attempting to prohibit its
use, tatke into consideration the soc'ial
an e11tconlomlic conditions whilich are inl
gr~ieat imeasuire responibl~e for its de
mlanad. Correct these condi itionls, re
Iieve Iihis diemnd~i or provide sublst itui
es anad t hen adivocante if you wvill thle
I)roi iitioni of t obatco.
Ol' SOUrll CARlINA:
Th ae of thle genleral election is
very near. Thiere is every indlicationl
that JIamles M. Cox will be tile next
President of ile United State.
The Democrats of South Carolina
have contributed only an average of
ten cents each.
This is a very small amount. Good
Democratic Government should be
Please lot me appeal to every white
man and woman in South Carolina to
immediately make a contribution.
Write a check today and send it to
Don't let it be sai dthat the Demo
crats of South Carolina failed in this
Great issues are at stake. The
peace, happiness and prosperity of the
South is involved.
Democratic National Committee.
If you want to buy'
in units of ten bales o:
for free booklet of va
rules of trade.
Letter on probable r
and grains sent free u
81 Broad Street
Members American Co
For personal intervi(
1512 Sumter Street
Attention, Oil Mil
ATTENTION OIL MI]
Do not forget that we
jectors, Oil Cups, Lubric
high grades of Rubber B(
uine Gandy Belt; Pipe,
and Boiler Tubes.
823 West Gervais St.'
A good future without
doesn't often happen, yo
Our institution is a p
and investing bank.
We solicit the patronal
al attributes are likewise
ly desire to become such.
You never regret mo
use to regret when it is
SThe Bank (
I T. M. MOUj
We Are Head
in quantities froi
upwards. We ha'
the past ten day
age of this mater
prices have adva
past week it is sti
pared with othe
Get our prices b,
'1 ism i sr rmr
SENTENCED TO 19 YEARS
Greenville, Ala., Oct. 16.-Texanva
WcConnice, negress, convicted of at- (
;empt to murder, In connection with
he poisoning of twenty-six guests ofla
ocal hotel in September, was
-enced tio nineteen years at hard labor
)y Judge Gamble, in Butler County
"ircuit Court today. She was immiedi
itely started to a State convict camp
,o begir? serving her sentence.
SOLD BYD~l5 EMIS
>r sell cotton contracts
upward, send at once
uable information and
iarket trends in cotton
New York City
tton & Grain Exchange
w get in touch with our
olumIbia, . C. -
,e Phone 1.29
:mmUMm mmmm mmmm
is and Ginneries I
jLS AND GINNERIES
carry a large stock of In
ators. Also two or three
lt, Leather Belt, and Gen
Valves, Fittings, Packing
Columbia, S. CL
saving is something that
rogressive money saving
te of these whose person
-and those who earnest
aey saved. There is no
n ten tons and
ie sold during
s a large ton
ial, and while
need during the
il cheap com
fore you buy.