Newspaper Page Text
GIVES HISIORY Of
'Tells of Changes lade in Emblen
AT FlRST' UNSUITABLE
Bore Close Rtesemblance to Stars an
Stripes--Bonnie CBlue Flag FirH
Used in Mississippi. .
So many inquires as to the Con
federate flag have been received a
the public library that the follow
ing information is supplied by th
library for the benefit of all inter
There was during the first year a
very wide variety of flags and stand
ards used by the South, the first se
cession convention which was begui
at Columbia, Decemb'r 17, 1860, us
ing the Palmetto flag which consist
ed of a white field bearing a greet
Palmetto in the center and under
neath it the motto of South Care
lina, "Animis Opibusque Parati."
Alarch 4, 1862, the day that Lincol:
was inaug-rated president of th
United Sta' 3, the Confederate con
vention it. Montgomery adopted a
the oflicial flag o fthe Confederac
the "Stars and Bars," which was th
first of the three ojcial flags used
This flag consisted of a red fiel
with a white space extending hori
zontally through the center, and equa
in width to one-third the width o
the flag; the red space above an
below to the same width as the white
The union to be blue, extending a
the lower red space, in the cente
of the union a circle of white star,
correspoidfing inl number (then seven
So Does th'
Dixie Fabricated Bungalows gI
eira cocy, substantial, endural
Four wall-layer construction w
insulation against Summer heat
Shipped in easy-to-handle sect<
man, by plans we turnish. WI
For a Dixde Pabricated Dungulos
CD A LEUTC
of D7de Howeoe ,.
opA flb sit e . n
with the states of the Confederacy.
Events showed that the resemb
lance of this flag to the stars am
stripes was too pronounced and oc
casioned confusion and mistakes. Ii
the first battle of Bull Run the star.
and bars was several times mistaker
for the stars and stripes and vic
versa. After this battle Gen. Josepli
I . Johnson adopted the "battle flag'
which was designed by General Beau
regard and this was afterward adopt
ed as the battle flag of the Confed
- eracy by the Confederacy congress.
The flag wias "a red or crimson field,
its bar sblue, running diagnally
across from one corner to the other,
- the stars white or gold, the blue be
ing separated from the red by a
t white field."
Similar to British
As the need of a change from the
1 official flag became apparent after
much discussion the second flag of
- the Confederacy was established by
i congress May 1, 1863. This was to
- be "a white field, with the union
- now used as the battle flag,' to be
a square two-thirds the widwth of the
i flag having the ground red; therein
3 a broad saltire (St. Andrew's cross)
- of the blue bordered wit. white and
i emblazoned with white mullets or
r five pointed stars, corresponding in
) number with that of the Confederate
I The objections to this flag were
- that at a distance it bore a close re
I semblance to the British, white en
sign and also that when it fell limp
I around the flag pole, it had the ap
pearance of a flag of truce. These
objections were so valid that con
gress decided to add -i broad trans
verse stripe of red to the end of the
fly of the flag, this change being of
re every man a chance to own hi.
Io, weather-proof, enjoyable home.
Ith dead air space between effects
and Winter cold.
mB-QUfckly erected by any handy
hat you save in rent wlU soon pay
A man is as old as his organs; he
can be as vigorous and healthy at
70 as at 35 if he aids his organs in
performing their functions. Keep
your vital organs healthy with
The world's standard remedy for kidney,
liver, bladder and uric acid troubles
since 1696; corrects disorders; stimulates
vital organs. All druggists, three sizes.
Look for the name Gold Medal on overy boar
and accept no imitation
ficially adopted February 4, 1865.
Thirteen States Represented
The thirteen stars on the flag rep
resented the thirteen stars of the
Confederate union which in order of
their secession were South Carolina,
Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Geor
gia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Ar
kansas, North Carolina, Tennessee,
Missouri ant: Kentucky.
The "Bonije blue flag," which in
spired the rousing battle song of that
iame, was, according to Harrison's
iuthoritive work, "the stars and
strives and other American flags,"
first used in Jackson, Miss. It was
inade of silk by the ladies of that city
and presented to the president of the
convention, V. S. Barry. This con
vention adopted the ordinance of se
cession January 9, 1861, and the pre
sentation of the flag occurred after
the announcement of the plassage of
the ordinance. It was waved aloft by
'resident Barry amid scenes of
wild enthusiasm. The flag is de
scribed as being a "flag of white
I grounit d, a n1.gnolia tree in the cen
ter a bliuo field in the upper left
hand corner with a white star in the
center, finished w ith red border and
a red fringe at the extremity of the
flag." The song the "Bonnie blue
flag" is of disl)uted authorship but
the most reliable authorities seem to
agree that it was written by I larry
McCarthy, an Irish comedian who
was in the hal when the vote on
the ordinance was taken ,that it was
sung that evening fo rthe first tine
at the Spengler theater.
CliARiG ES IMPlLICATE,
Mexico City, Oct. 24.-Charges that
the United States shipping board is
indirectly interested in an application
now before the dep)artment of petro
leun for all oil auleduct concession
across the Isthnus of Tehuantepec,
and that its purpose is to secure a
ready oil sullply for the Am....ri.tn
iacilie fleet, are pulbllished today by
the newVspaper Excelsior.
In an article describing as a "voice
of alarm calling on the Mexican
government to beware," the newspla
per asserts that the companly making
hte app111 liationl, whllile ostensibly
Alexian nin its mak 1wupf, has repre
sent atives of' the sh ippJinig board as
.\lA Il.':G DEI'lNES
I'IA(CE ON HOAlUD
PaIt imore1, Oct. 214.---lIn formlat ion ob
tained herel( tollighlt was to the eofect
hat Th'Ieodore Mlarbu rg of' this city,
tUnitedl States' minlist(er t~o Helgium
undenrli the( Taft, admnilstrantien, has
dleclined hlis appointmlent by I 'resi
of thet Unlitedl Staltes shippinlg board
.\lr. .\larbur1 g conirmel~td thiiis, am
"'Aly position was malde' clear inll
lehtter' to the('prelside'nt whlichI I hm:.
the hornor to take ill pehrson. to th
White ilouse (Il Fridauy, the day th
ne'wspa per hiispa tchI announced m1''( l
'eOitmen'lt. It remalinils for th
tresidentf to diecide whether1 the hei
ter is to he i givenh ouit.
Sulbscribe to The1( T~imeCs
STO'IA~l sad 80Wls
Utz & Dunn Style
SHOES OF QUALITY
V; Another shipment arrived today. Pi iced according
Fito today's market. We have never had a traveling sales
man to tell us he had a better shoe than Utz & Dunn to
sell us. Old Man just as Good is still living, but we be
ilieve you want the best. That's why we sell Utz & Dunn
Shoes for Women.
kvm Better buy Utz & Dunn than wish you hiad.
I McCoflum Bros.,
Sumter, S. C.
LET US HOLD YOUR I
FOR BETTER PRICES
1 IT WILL, COST YOL NOTHING. WE ARE WILLING.1 TO TAKE ALLN
T HE RISKS TO HELP YOU
OUR PROPOSITION IS VERY SIMPLE
You have the cotton and we have the merchandise you want and need to *
supply yourself and family. You can not afford to sell your cotton at the pre- U
sent 1-w prices. We can arrange it so that you can have your cotton and ob
tain an the merchandise you want and need without having to sacrifice your *
cotton at the present prices.
You can bring your cotton to us; we will hold it for you free of charge for
11 60 or 90 (lays or longer if necessary. In the meanwhile we will let you have the N
full amount of the prevailing market price, or any )art of it, as you may de- N
sire IN MERCHANDISE, and when you desire to sell this cotton, we will sell U
I I it for you and pay you the difference. N
ILet us illustrate it clearly. Suppose you have a hale of cotton, which would, *
at the present price bring 20c or $100.00 a bale, you can bring this bale of cot- U
ton to us and get $100.00 worth of MERCHANDISE at our regular advertis
Hi ed prices. We take this bale of cotton and hold it for you, F R E E 0 F U
. C H A R G E say, for 30 days. At the end of 30 days this cotton m.y be *
1 worth 35c which would be $175.00 the bale and you (ecide to sell it. We then
i sell this bale of cotton and give you the difference, which would be $75.00. So N
you see you are not selling your cotton outright, we simply hold it for you to N
obtain a better price. CAN YOU EXPECT A BETTER OPPORTUJN ITY'?
COME IN To SEE US AND LET US TALK IT OVER.
ft1 We are still leading in genuine offerings of BARGAINS of rare value and
of very exce)ti onal merit. We are still making astounding cuts in our lines of U
LTHING, DRY GOODS, SHOES, HATS, UNDERWEA R, L A )IEQS)
j A DY-TO..WEAR and the general line of dependable merchandise of merit.
TH E BAiTTE RYI
* MANNING, S. C.- SUMMERTON, S. C.
E Look For The Yellow Front.