Newspaper Page Text
PagesPages to 8
VOL.XLI -MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 30, 1921
BIGHAM GUiLIOF MURDER
AND SENIENCED TO DIE
Jury Returns Verdict in Short Order
Prisoner Is Ileard-Sticks to
Plea of Innocence. Face
Turns Ashen When
SLATED TO DIE APRIL EIGHT
Attorney Announfes Plan to Take
Case Before The Supreme
Flirence, March 28.-Edmund Big
ham, charged with killing his brother
and four others, was found guilty of
murder of his brother here today and
sentenced to (lie April 8.
A Florence County jury came near
equaling the record for speedy justice
in bringing in its verdict in the case
of Bigham, charged with the murder
of his brother, L. Smiley Bigham, his
mother, Mrs. M. M. Bigham, his sis
ter, Mrs. Margie Bighiam Black, and
Leo and John McCracken, the little
adopted children of Mrs. Black.
The case was given to the jury at
1.15 o'clock this afternoon at 3.25 fol
lowing a recess to 3 o'clock, and after
a wait of some minutes to bring the
prisoner into court ,the jury's verdict,
of guilty of murder was read to a
court room crowded with spectators.
Then, after a painful wait of min
utes while the clerk of the court
searched for the ceremonial of the ar
raignment for sentence, and an
haranque by the prisoner in response
to Judge Memminger's question if he
had anything to say in his own behalf.
the death sentence was pronounced
and higham knew that he as to die
on Friday, April 8, unless the Supreme
court grants a reversal of the verdict
on the appeal which Attorney A. L.
King announced his intention to make.
Smile Is Wiped Off.
Bigham's stolid inditference to ev
erything around him, his apparent in.
ability to grasp the solemnity of the
proceedings or of the seriousness of
his own position, his readiness to re
spond with a smile on less than no
provocation, all passed when the pris
oner came into court to hear the ver
Hle resumed in part his role of in
jured innocence when he sat in the
(lock for final arraignment. For a
time he leaned forward hi. head rest
ing on his hand as if he prayed for
strength to go through the ordeal lie
had been called upon to pass. le
listened with .o special interest while
his attorney ived for a new trial and
while -Judge Mlemminger, in refusing
it allowed with much feeling to the
fact that Bigham's father had while a
State Senator from Florence County
cast hi. vote in favor of putting Judge
Memminger On the bench.
The shocking import of the whole
thing seemed to reaeh him slowly, but
as its realization progressed by de
grees, the ashen pallor that had shown
in his face all day became more
marked, the aid of bravado passel into
a pitiable weakness that caused the
man to look here and there about the
audience with the expression of a
hunted aninial surrounded by men who
sought its life.. The old Bigham had
passed and did not show again un
til Judge Memminger asked him what
he had to say that sentence should
not be pronounced against him. Then,
leaning forward on the railing of the
prisoner's dock and in a voice that vas
calm and unshaken, tile prisoner spoke
as follows: "I have nothing to say
except that I am innocent. I know
nothing of how that crime was coi
mitted. That is the truth, so help me
God." "That's all I hafe to say. I
wish my mother could come down and
tell how the thing happened. I wish
that little boy had lifed when I asked
Dr. Poston to safe his life, lie would
have told the same things 1 and my
wvife ,told. Judge, I hope you will give.
nme time so sonme of the people who
testifiedl here against me may have a
chance to come forward and tell the
truth andl not comle too late like Jludas
making his offering of the thir
ty pieces of silver." "1 (do want to
sa ysomething more. I hope you will
take no exception to it. As far as
you are concerned I have had a fair
trial. But if peole had had time to
think things over, consider and take
it up with their God1, they wouldl have
Asked to Explain Pistol
When asked to explain the finding
of his pistol in his brother's hlandl.
IBigham said: "'I left that pistol in my
bureau drawer anid it has been testi -
flned that tile (door was foundl brokeni
open. That is the only way Smniley
couldl have got it." If I am guilty
hope I may be petrified in front of
tis courthouse, just as I was that
day or as I an'mnow. I am as inno
cent as a new born baby."
Bligham's show or weakness att tile
endl may have been in someI measure
due to the fact that he was not suis
tainedl by the presence of his wvife and
children whose (devotion has b~een so
marked a feature of the trial. When
it was announced thlat the jury was
about to return to the court room Mrs.
Bigham and the children left and
heard tile news of tile verdict and sen
tence wvhile in the office of the clerk
of court downstairs. Mrs. Bigham
fainted when she heardl tile verdict,
and Mrs. Worrell the wife of a
Flofbenee policeman, whol( has been her
constant complanion (luring the trial,
wvent to the court room for a (doctor.
D)r. F. M. Ilicks attendell Mrs. Big
ham3) andl when she wvas .made comi
fortable she was taken hack to Mrs.
Worrell's boarding hlouse where she
hlas been a guest.
A recordl attendance marked tihe
final (lay of thme trial, ,thle p)ercentage
of women growing greater' than ever
and thecir manifent interest vsibly in
creasing. It was an orderly crowd,
however, and only once during the day
did the Judge have occasion to rebuke
any outbreak on the part of specta
Attorney A. L. King began his argu
ment for the defense shortly after the
court opened. Mr. King read impres
sively from the gospel according to
St. Matthew 26 and drew the ananlogy
between this case and the false wit- 1
nesses against the Savior, and then 4
from St. Matthew 27 the demand of
the mob for the release of Barabbas
and the crucifixing of Christ. The I
attorney handled this delicate proposi- ,
tioi- very effectively and without <
bringing upon himself any show of
feeling upon the part of listeners. It
was a daring thing to do and he did
Attorney Is Warned
As Mr. King warned up to his at
tack on the prosecution for introduc
ing the Arrowsmith testimony and be
gan to vent his opinion on the Arrow
smith fee of $5,000 for straightening
out the affairs of the Bigham estate.
Mr. Gasque rose nid asked that such
attacks be stopped.
Judge Meniminger promptly assert
ed the court's prerogative and gave
Mr. King notice that any further at
tacks of such nature would result in
his being denied the privilege of fur
ther argument and another attorney
be appointed to preseft the case to
Mr. King at this period, and more
extensively at the close of his argu
ment, apologized to the court, the Bar
the jury and the spectators for what
he had done, took al Ithe blame upon
himself and saidl he hoped the jury
would not allow his outburst to influ
ence their attitude toward his client.
Aside from this incident Mr. King's
speech was impressive and was pro
nounced by those who heard it to be .1
masterly piece of advocacy. At times
it w~as not cohesive and this fault was
the principal one a literay critic might
have urged against it. Mr. King relied
pricipally upon the defense's theory
of the insanity of Smiley Bigham, his
committing of ttte murders and his
subsequent suicide. He did, however,
bring into his speech the testimony
bearing upon the alleged insanity of
Bigham's father nad laid stress u pon
the prejudice shown by neigibors
against the defendant.
'The lpresentation of the case by So
licitor Gasque is said by lawyers and
laymen to have been an exemplary
work of its kind. He connected his
facts in logical sequence. From the
8th of January, when it is set forth
that Edniud D. Bigham whipepd his
sister because she accused him of steal
mgr certain papers connected with the
Bighani estate, until the day when
Mirs. Bigham tried to smuggle a bot
tie of chloroform into her husband's
cell, Mr. Gasque did not leave an un
connected link in the 'story.
,In No Way Entitled
The story ran that Edmund ). Big
ham, the soi of a rich father who had
sold his interest in the estate to his
brother and sister and gone away for
many years, hald heard of diffreni'ices
rega rdiig the rc'ent disposition of his
father's estate and hastened home to
inject himself us a factor into these
faInily disputes, in the hope of recover
ing an interest in propt rty to which
he was in no way entitled.
From the time of his appearance in
the Bigham household there had been
a succession of bickerings and dis
putes, culminating in the incident,
which drove Mrs. Marjorie Bighamin
Black to Florence, where, at Attorney
Arrowsmith's oflice, she had made a
will, giving everything she had to her
brother, Smiley B ighain, to whom she
con fided the care of her old mother
and her two little adopted childire
In this will she had set forth lieri
lear to some person, whom she did not
name in the will, who had obtained
possession of thbree deleds covering
)roperty of her estate, which she had
signed in blank. Following this came
the declaration of Siniley Bighami oa
Tuesday following the v'isit to Flor
ence, when he said to Mi's. Kiirton, as
Mr's. K irton said on the stand1(, that
Edmnund. Bigham was cutting up) and
thr ieat(enmig to kill all of them. "'I ami
tiot afraid of him, but Margie is. [f
he will behave himisel f 1 ami goinag t'o
give hi ma pliece of land, thbough he is
not entitled to it,, for he has had hiis
Aohrinciden'it priovinag a dist inctl
miotwio foir the cien owhich the solicit -
or emiphasized wvas the testimony ot' a
niegro that Siniley had r'emonstra t(d
with Edmund for paying so much foi'
wvood-c'utters; that Edinmnd had re-..
seated this; that Smiley had said that
it wits his money, and that before he
would have it wasted he wvould go ini
the wood~s and settle wvith the ha nds
himself; that Edmuind replied with a
show of temperi'i that the buisi ness in
the wvoods was his ('nd( of' it anad that
if Sm iley earne there he would stay
there, "and,' sid Mr. Gasque, "'he
went ther'ie iand never camec back.''
Mother lFeared Meceting
Mi'. Giasque also dwelt on the test i
ninny of the ne'gro( witness, Andriew
Simgletary, who wvent to the wvoods in
'ompJaniy with Smiley Bighain aftei'
being asked to do so by Smiley's imo..
ther, wvhio said she feared the ('onse..
quiences of Smiley's meeting wvith Ed
mnund in the woods, ie set forth thait.
other' testimony to the effect that in
the woods Edmund Blighami carried
the same revolver, that was found in
his brother's hands when his body
was foundl. He told how 8ingletary
had left the woods after seeing Ed
mnund call to Smiley and the departure
of the two men in the direction of the
spot where Smiley's body wvas found
the next day.
.From there on Mr. Gasque pictured
m.i his summing up that, after killing
his brother in the wvoods, Edmund Big
ham had gone home; that on noticing
Smiley's failure to return, Mirs. Big..
ham and M's. Black had accused Ed
mnund of doing awaynvith him; tata
[OCAL HAPPENINGS OF I
TWENTY YEARS AGO
April 3rd, 1901
Mrs. Dr. A. Becker and child ar
.'ed in Manning on Sunday are
luartered at Mrs. H1. D. Plowdeln's.
Mrs. Sallic D'Ancona accompanied b
>y her mother, Mrs. M. L.vi, return
.d to her hone in Chicago last Sun- .
Mrs. J. Levy, who has been visiting
Mfrs. Abe Levi in Manning, returned s
.o her home in Philadelphia last Sun
Mr. Lawson McLeod has taken
:harge of the express husiness of this
town, and the oflice will be located in
us street railway oflice in the J. W.
McLeod building. The oflice being
ocated in the business portion of the
town will he a great. convenience to
Mrs. P. B. 'Thames went to Char
leston Monday night to attend the
traduating exercises of the South Car
alna Medical College that took place
in the Academy of Music last night.
Manning is represented aniong the
graduates by Mr. J. T. Stukes, Jr., I
the medical class and Mr. Plutmer
Clark in the plarmacy class. Mr.
Clark has also the distinction of
standing second in a class of fifteen.
One day last week a bank known as
the "Bank of Columbia" shipped by
the Southern Express Company a
package containing $5000 int money,
when the package reached New York
the consignee opened it., and it was
found that instead of greenbacks,
slips of paper cut the size of bills
was received. The supposition is that
the package was tampered with after
it left Coltibia.
WILL RESU.\lE \\Om
Georgetown, MIarch 29.---t has been i
definitely announced that the big I
No. 2 mill of the Atlantic Coast Lum- t
ber corporation will resume opera- I
tiol Wednesday. This fact is received I
as very cheerful and cheering news, t
is this means the reemployment of
aniy luands now idle itt this comn
nituntity, and a much increased pay- I
roll. Further than this, it seetmis a i
harbinger of better tites nea' alea,, t
with the ptobability of the entir'
lint being placed on a full timue
basis before long.
Because of the high rail rates on
lumber, the coastvise schooner triade
is fast becomingti a big factot in
Geor'getown, five large scooiters,i
foir of them foui r- Imaste's, ate lo- I
img cargoes at the docks today. Others
A Inube'.of snmalier mills tirougi
OUt ti' coulity have tiever shut down,
all during the dull period, but kept
at it and ate making sm1t:ll but steady
shipments by water.
Because of tlie p1rosperous fishintg
industry, the lumittber mills runnaing on
imdustry, the lumber mills runninig n I
part timate basis ,the extensive resulip
tion of the navaI store business, tle
increasiig aiou'it or builing op
erationls gomlg onl, Georgetowni has.
beven a1 favor-ed spo-: economically.
abor is reasoiable and pIlintiful , it
factor which is ainking itself felt with
those looking for desirable farm ho
a fter getting his diile a dll preparing
to go to laImplico he h:d put his faim
ily inl the automobile inl the garage,
set. the motor going and, while this
naise' drowned tle reports of his pistol
he wiped (lot of ex isteice all thoseI
wh'lo Stootd to accuse him iofi the cr imeI
of his brtot hetr's murder.
Bly this mieanas Mr. Gaqu exon
('ratedl MIrs. Ed munid IHighama of gu ilty
knowletdge of whtatI het hiusband hadt
donote, antd ex phitine the exttraordlin
itry (devotttion ofi Itis faiily to the det
fetndanit's intIerest s fromtn the time of
The motist imatpressive poinut o~f Mr .
G;asquie's summlin upi l i ws treachied
when hte shttod fac ig thle de'fendanit
"Listent, Eu imnda Bighama. Listen
Ther'e is at oice callIinig yout. Look,
IEdmnd . TIhete is a itana standing
there itt frotnt of' you. It's your brotht
er', Siiley, andl lhe is call ing to you to
tell you thFat, wil e lie forgives, he
statnods as yourt acui(tse'r for the ctrimeii
of his murdler.''
Doting this tdramatie eplisodle Big
lhaim sat wvith Itis e'yes fatstentetd upont
lie solicitor ,antd nti otne twitch of it
imutscle norw (lnei ner'vios movemtent e x
('eht the I tapping of hiis f'eet dFisptlayed
the fact, thaut lhe evetn heardi what the
Judge Menmmintger's~ charge to the
jury, whtile couched in legal verbiage,
wats as lamii attd unidersutandlable iaS a
c'hildl's pritmetr. It left no dloubt its to
the pr'opler intertprtatttiont iif thtose two
funadamnttals of crimuinal law, malice
atforethought anad reasoinable doubit.
The ebat'ge was ver'y brief. 'The jury
listenfedl to it most attentively, and its
conclutsioni broke a nervolus tensiotn
that had held every pierson itt the court
room fromt the' very oeneintg of Mr.
F~ollowvinug tht' chatrg Judge Mem..
mtinger antnounced at "i'ess -til 3
The jurors remained in their seats
fot' it time andl~ uit il the ('tiurt house
was emupty. They tetn wetnt to dinner
andt~ their cotnsidlerr tiont 0 fthe case
was given within the space of about
an huouri, thti si'nding thle most imupor
tanit cr'iminatl ft'ral in the history of
Fbor'ence coutnty, aind pr'obably the
mtost iamnlortunnt in flue Se
The Paxville High School Basket
all Teaim played the Jordan school
ere on last Tueslay afternoo.i. The
core stood 38 to :38. The Paxville
2ai expects to go to Jorlan on next
uesday a'fte'rnoon to prove out whose
Miss Pauline Willinis of Sumter,
visiting her friend, Mrs. Jesse I.
Miss .Lucile Geddings returnel to
olumbia College on Mlonday after
pending the Easter holidays Vith her
arents, Ar. and M'rs. F. S. Geildings.
A.li.. Jeff martin and family are
isiting tieir riativvs at. Summer
Aliss Dorma Alius of Sumter, spent
anster with her friend, Miss Lucile
The farmers of the community a're
reparing their 1.am"l a1t getUtig
eady to make a crop this year with
ut the use of ro much "hligh priced
11rs. Elima Tisdale I, am l son, William
etlrneld to their home at Sumter
ionilav. a fter a week-eni vi:-it witi
Ir. and .s. F". S. Geddings.
Mr. C. Anly MlcLeod, of Arcalia.
'Ia., came Saturday to spend a ten
lay furlough with his parents, Ar.
nld Alrs. W. It. McLeoi.
Alrs. Alex Rolgers and haby, of
(ingstree, are visiting her mother,
JIrs. Annie E. lIerlong.
Alr. L. S. Ikarwick has recently
>ienedl a grocery businhess in the store
uilking iatle vacanit by Mr. Poll Her
Ar. J. N. Itown, a life long resi
lent of this community dlied sudden
y at his home near here on last
Ph ursday morning in his 76th year1.
le had been ill failing health for
0om11e m11on1ths, he having suffered from
eart trouble, consequently his death
vas not entirely unexpected. The
utieral services were h Fhl trrilay
noring at the obl family hurying
"rouni, conmlucted by his pastor, the
tev. Hill. Th,1e large concourse of
rieiis attending the funeral adi the
>eautiful floral tributes testified to
he high esteeim inl which he was held.
le was a charter milmber' of the Pax
.ille Haptist chureb, anl for a long
imte a trustee of tle Paxville gradeil
chool, and1 in his private affairs was
i contiW-nial and all'able man. lie et
isted in the Confelerate army serV
lg gallantly throughout the war, a1
vr I which hI enI f :1 ..1 ro i r'I mi... -.
le was k .vn as one of the substa I
.il itizev s of the conmtnumity inl
wiich he mi l. his wvife was Al iss
larriet. I;;,. al to them were bont'
<veral ch iuren, six of .vhom are liv
ig, two ab pteil chiidren, and a Iar1ge
itiumber 4)' !raniilchilleII. HIis family
-olinect.ion.; were probably the hi
'st il the country.
WOF'OlR D .11 SICIANS
II EAll) AT ( 01.1'. .A
lXe Wotit'rd college glee club amd
jazz orelira delighted the girls of
lhe cotlleg' anil all who heat themi
ast night with their en tertaintment
it. Columbia college. This was the
14th aitual visit of tie Wof
fori college glee club to the college.
l'l club coisists of 20 men.
The pr.og'a mwas diviileil into two
parts, the 1'st part incluling, "The
Way of the WorldI," by the glee club;
I flute solo. "Salut l'Armontr," by S.
A. Lanham; 'An Oli Fashionedl Town,'
by \Valiter Ierbert; a quaetet-, "en
lemeer's St ream," Wa IterI lerbert, S.
A. L.anham, .J. 0. Smith, J. E'. Sprott.;
a reailing, "Granilpa's Courtship," .1.
D. Sim ith; ,.7 rinlg trio, G. C. Brown, It.
\- -i g A d' C. II. Wani "r.ne
TIowni,'' t he glee club.
Pbart two begant withI thte sinlg intg of
"'Sw ing Low, Sweet (Chanu'ot,"' hv t he
glee club andm iled '"Your t'Eves
Illave TPotld Ae So,'' I le orchestra ; a
reaintg, "'(ourtitng Undeir lDiceui
ties," J1. 0. Smith; quartet, "'I L ove
You 'Truly,'" and ''A Family AIf'air',"
Sprott, Smith, Herbert, anil L anha'i;i
sotli. "'i'll Sinig 'JThee Songs itt A raby,''
WV. A. tLeeth;i sa xaph~one :ad', "'L one -
some, Thiat's Al\I,"' WV. lrit ton. 'The
ient ertaoinnia''t closedi w.'ithi the' sintginig
of theo "WX'inter Song,"' and "'Al ma
Materi,'' by Itie glee' club.
Th t(peronniet ot the' ('tub 'onisists
of Mrs.4 A. G. Ill oeky, ireictre(ss; WV.
C.lierber t iand W. A. I.eath , soloi sts
J. 0. 'mi tr~eadr; W..A. Briitton,
Sax\ phion is't and G.i C. Brown'm'v, accom
1',. IL. Tatum ; seconid tenor, .1. \V.
Stokes, WV. L. Gr'ay, .Jr., J. 0. Stmithu,
ID. D. lank , C.X It. Wani; Ii rst. bass,
WV. A. B~lck; second bass, S. A. lani
hamti, L. C. Sandliers, JT. L. Iogers.
Tlhe jazz,' orchei(strta cotisist s of thn'
folltowinig memb11 ers: G. C . Bon
pilanto; IU. A. liIiggints, miandotlitt; ). 1).
1Ulai'k, corn'ietI; ,J. WI. Stokes, tik eiel(;
C. I1. Wanti, guitar; S. A. L~anham,
saxaphtonite; WV. A. litIton, saoxaplhonie;
11. Stokes, snare driumis ; E. H1. tatumn,
malnger; JI. ( . Sm',ith, assista tnt nmn
ager; 1R. A. lIIiggi ns, musi'alI jmanager.
'T'he boys werie en tert ainted bty the
(cabiniet miiembers'~ of the icolteg.' Y. WV.
.A.asniiyht at supper('h ini the dlin.
Iing~ r'(om.--T'heO State.
P'LAY CHESS A(GAIN
II abania, Marc'h :30.--Play in the
fi fth gaime of the wortl's chiamtlp iont
ishiip chtes,; matchi between Drt. Emiani
uet Lasker and .Jose R. Caipahlanca
was adjoulrnied eairty this morning af't
(er 30 move's had been mn'~(t. The'
gamie wilt b e resum--'" t:,ni ght Tlhie
four prev'.ious gamleu. playedt resulted(
HALTS BOOZE DIUIyE
Liquor To Be Returned-In Seme
Cases, Says Commissioner Kram
er-Large Quantities Tied I'lp.
Washington, Miar. 27.--. ittle liquor
will have to be returned to owners as
a result of a recent ruling of the
United States Circuit Court in South
Carolina that the Volstead act super
seded the internal revenue laws inso
far as they apply to intoxicating li
iuors, Prohibition Commissioner Kra
mer said tonight. The assertion was
made in commenting upon the action
in New York yesterday of federal of
icials im halting a raid on the ground
that the ruling made seizures under
the reventue laws illegal.
The great bulk of the liquor seized
by the government, Comm i issioner
Kramer declared, was talken under the
Volstead act while being transported
illegally and this liquor 'would of
course be unal fected by the new in
terpretation of the law. le added that
he did not know how much liquor
may have been seized int various parts
of the country under the revenue laws
but expressed the belief it was not a
c".isiderable quantity in com parison
with the total a mount seized since
prohibition bemcate a law.
Return of some liquor probably
woul hvl be necessary where it had been
seized under the revenue laws, Mr.
Kraiter asserted, adding that while
some of it may have been destroyed
hirge quantities are still awaiting Ie
termniation of' their status by courts.
Allr. Kramer said Ite believed the
South Carolina ruling would not great
l.v interfere with prolibition enforce
niet. At presit, Ite said, very lit
tle teal liquor is beinlIg taken by fed
'ral agents inl raids. Most of the il
legal liquids seized, he explained, werc
imitation concoctions transportel by
bootleggers for sale as old establi shed
brands of liquors.
FOR .JUR1Y AC("ION
IDorsey Wants Georgia Authorities to
Co Thoroughly into .Jasper
A t lant a a rch 29.- Invest igation
by thte .Iasli'er county granld jury of
the death !,f eight ntegroii laili:borer on
the tlfalm otf .John S. Williamis.
wealithy pilntation owner.1 withl a
view to indictimnt of Willi: ms aol
itlicials Williamtts hid ithe nlegroes
shn becauise of their. reis ,e tol
Peonage, and also to inquire into anytV
possAible connectionl with the un'anir (;f
Williams' three sons was atsked to
<hy by Governor Dorsey.
The gi ie , Or , aftrt a oferenc
with st ate and fe'detral ollicials, tel -
egraph u .dIge A. B. Parks of the
O mcIIlg'I' judicial circutit Iskinte' him
to call a special termI of Newton
-o II I II I- II I' - kii' A I I'I I I "a)I
e-unty I iperior '. - .\pr4 1: I
-n it< (ni- i itsktd l nar ri- I
WVilliams and Aianning inl Newton
co- e'ty. At th :;,mn(- ti.a ta e
licitor General A. 11. Bra Id of th
Stone .1altmtalin circuit had eh-clre'd
Willia. an'd Al:m 1in i would gt o to
triall at Covine'ton within III tIh ee
wee s. T air Tll a le:-y under i.l
dictment' th(nr il colnnctio lith the
finsdinerg of, tlhe bodi le if te ternesi'
ell'ga hat hi ut~ htith-.t i 's iit o t ah
coultv ansd drowned. f r. Ba:ntd nd
Ington todit fori' Awe :hIntoI toI lit
tl,0 matter w ith the gov lnni.
Grvain Wr'itcV sist:it a '
lorney" geml-ra, will :kid in tuw .Jasper
count . :m1 ( t A l iNn, i \: '
no c ait et th-4 ; i-v rn 's oili fie. 4G 4
A'ttorn'uey' tenerall i en y,,oiitor i
mucig' itir'.1,~i l land ladrao 'eent
to rr'nt i eorsthat, negroes ~t w er e S'''
pr;opilm : inative at'gait.'wirt reicsi
Frandl' it' inveMsti t tdi'n liti~ 34ovin
t'oni ti d a iti was said R lic ia'l'l's pr
enitteCd feidenac' <btitnted ttt Itsow
eertin wti h tie )iihiteshl pread l the i
RESTS8 N IN(A!:l' TON
Waihigton4, M ac 29. The edi.
homl Iin''( 191'iil bei laide to restt ir
Arlbon Nsu at'oa steet mtertomor
rowlithgO sevicsu t whl nlich g tba
tory Wf kseand o nit Rhi tht'e totc
tzeki1; fo natie t' Virgni, 21who 9 o
works of lar inc vfl u the Conftdernic
it of Wasington.lfronRbe.E
Ilarding and Advisers Talk of Rail
TIrll~iS CAI.LICD IN
Chairmen of Two Government Agen
cies Will He Summoned to
Washington, March 29.-A compre
hensive study of American railway
coniditions was begun by the adminlis
trationi today with a view of formau
lation of a Idefinite program for rail
wty rehabilitation. For more han
an hour l'resident Iarding discuised
the problem with his cabinet and later
it was announced that he would call
mito conl Itation within the next few
(ays the baiinen of the two govern
Inent agenc ies having closest contact
with the transportation toblems,
the interstate commerce commission
and the railway labot board. Con
ferecJees with ranilway maagers and
employees an- expeteed to follow ill
tite to pernit action at tte coming
special session of c(onlgress.
Discussion :ut the cabitet meeting
was only of a ptelimimary, indecisive
character but there were indications
that the chief executive and oflicial
advisers were nuich concerned over
imformation which, so far, has come
into their possessioni.
The most. seriots features of tihe sit
untion ,as it has been pictured to ad
ministration oflicials is tlie applarent
inability of the carriers themselvs
to make both ends meet and at the
satne timle keep .rvice up to a stand
arl. A IInber of high railway of
f.cials have Called onl Mr. IIlandling
simce his election and have told iim
that unlers some way to increased
earning was foound the whole trans.
portation system of the nation faced
paralysis. Such a possibility the rail
way mnI h:rveinisisteil, coul only le
vlewied as public calamity.
It is ttunderstood that althiough few
detimite retmediatl revogramrns have been
suggletd in these conferenres icost
of those who have presented the car
riers side of the problem ha.ve .a1
vistd aainst any general increase in
freighit rates. ..\ further material
rat t mcrease in tle present. condition
"- ( tol ; " i.i such
curtailmnent of, traflite :1. to reIluce
rmtIlngs rather than incresethmll.
(t their side the railway employees
It ve vigorottsly ptotested against a
wag- reduelion as anl VCOlonmy expe..
dient ,declaring that living costs re
<Ipnre that waves shoui renlminl un
chmI cd. .\It along Ile ptssibility
(of a general railway strike has
tma'de bot h railway execut ives and
gioverIInetIs agencies think t wie
e . wage (.u1 ths been sttg
AI, ' I' this ,and contributingv mla
terially to the prlesen; utistt-d con
d' -n of the industry has been the
c i usion anI inoivelience of re
torinv the rI ads fromt .1 war time t~o
a e:.e timle basi d : it funsermnlb
IhnIg.Q the( Vm-ious1 properties af1ter- a
I t p riodt of operation a., one sys
temi Under t ov rnmellnt nilrol.
It rtvtmins a1 queitio t whether the
roub'. w\ill asi I'nnm.fo direct fi-.
ancia -lief i :cIditit l o that t pro
i id-d tu trthe tran11sporltatio nact to
mitti n teiy ktl'm 'or detdrior.tion of
'eir pril orty whil it was ill vov
eitnment hailis. Sich a propos il itis
hi eved wouli he erasin to develop
hittlr opposition i titittre nters,
tsttiutation wr tha t s peted it tto deven
a (Iit) i n t rctin l i . It C i s h eI
ti 0it i i.t t I lilt If liti t I . I0i .1. Ill
holdethe men' ibtle class i.:ig meetg
whte auter defetedri Flore e1n o
the9 methiiilnt byt ia maority of a
ti P53. tl T tim iumbetiofti nonttding
thei f menttihelCisns ofaitntal
1lthoudisthurh of Florniti wan,
li, wie the Mcei-WslyllibtI C nvii e
nch it h'in ityg Mt.tidit hurcih, o
SuTer he alonr (of1c hatin ,G
MAthov lwst ei- resulte IIitIi ~i55ad n
cut's and afitrthe clarse, awliorum
rowded to 1,740. adth 'san.