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A .NEW DEAS APPARS
IN SOUTHERN TOBACCO bEDS
Mildew Found in Seed Beds of Shade
Cuban Wrapper. Disttict-Serious
Outbreak Found -in Northern
Florida and Southern Georia of
Disease Resembling the' Destruc
tive Blue' Mold of Australia
Other Growers Warned.
A new and alarming wilt disease of
tobacco plants was discovered recent
ly in the seed beds of the shade Cuban
wrapper tobacco district of northern
Florida, and has spread into Georgia.
The disease is so serious that expert
plant pathojogists of the United
States Department of Agriculture
who wefe summoned by* telegraph
have advised extreme measures, even
to the destruction of some seed beds
and the abandonment of tobacco cul
ture on soine plats for the year; and
have issued a warning to planters
engaged in similar tobacco culture
throughout the Southern States and
in Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, an([ New
England to guard against the intro
duction . of the disease into their
New to the United States.
The disease is a mildew different
from anything previously observed
in the United States, but in some re
spects similar to diseases reported
from Malaysia and Australia. In the
latter continent it is known as tobac
co blue mold. It has also been re
ported fiom South Africa.
Infestations were first noticed on
four widely separated seed beds in
Gadsden County, Fla. Two of the
seed beds had been sterilized with
steam, and one was a burned-over
swamp. The wilt, appeared at one
end of a bed and worked its way rap
idly through. The infestation spread
to 26 beds in Florida and into Deca
tur County, Ga. Practically all the
cigar wrapper area of the Florida
Georgia district is now infected, an(
tobacco growers have been on the
verge of panic because there are not
enough healthy plants- in sight to set
the fields. This district is the oldest
eigar wrapper area in the United
States, and millions of dollars of cap
"As in the greatest cities
his own home town--the
Tire user gets fresh, live
of current production.'
THE U. S. CHAIN T
One of the few tires of whic
be said that they deliver t
year in and year out and tire
The U. S. Chain Trer
sufficient traction on all
road surfaces. It is prob
handsomest, and by aill
most popular, of the whc
Fabri, Tire line.
find that t:
at "job lo
what it mi
his own h
L. M. Jone
W. J. Raw
tobacco makes 50
8ood cigarettes for
ital are invested.
It is not known how the disease
was introduced into Florida, as the
seed all comes from reputable Amer
ican growers. It is thought ossible
that it may have come on bale mat
ting from the East Indies, some of
which is known to have been used
for tobacco baling before. There is al
so believed to b,! possibility that it
came into Florida by way of Texas,
as scientists are not certain it can
not be identified with a disease
which has occasionally been observed
on a species of wild tobacco in those
The Disease Spreads Rapidly.
The fungus spores are light and
powdery and spread easily by the
wind. They may be carried also from
seed bed to seed bed by so simple a
method as visitors collecting spores
on their shoes or clothing and carry
. S. j
1i it may
Ie U. S.
:ould get together all the car
you know, you'd probably
ieir tire experiences had been
them have taken their fling
ts," "discontinued lines" and
~ocks." Soon or late, nearly
back on quality first as the
assurance of tire value.
* * *
as a man forg'ets the cut
atnd comes to the dealer who
stes on a full, completely
c of U. S. Tires--he learns
bans to get fresh, live tires
in a while but every time.
rely in the big cities, but in
3, Alcolu, S. C. The Sumr
a Weeks, Pinewood, S. C.
inlSOn. ~Jr.. ~Jnrrnn S. C.
ing it to healtby beds.
Duo to greater moisture conditions
in Florida than in Australia, whore
thO- disease has been observed pie
viously, but is for the most part re
stricted to the seed bed, and to tho
grehter susbeptibility of plants in a
region not previously infected with
a disease, the department patholo
gists advise againat planting shaded
fields with seedlings- from infected
beds. They declare that where it is
not possible to get plants from ab
solutely uninfected beds, it would be
better to abandon the. culture of to
bacco for a year in these shaded
fields. They warn against persons
who have gone through infected
fields being allowed in sound fields,
and urge the exclusion of all visitors.
The department specialists have
recommended the distruction of di
seased beds and the spraying with
Bordeaux mixture of beds not diseas
ed. It is believed Bordeaux will give
better results when applied late in
the afternoon when there is a ten
dency of the tobacco seedling to
stand erect, permitting a more ready
application to the lower sides of the
An emergency circular on the sub
ject has been issued by the depart
ment. A full account of the disease
and any measures discovered for its
control will be published later.
GUINEA CHICKS THRIVE BEsT
ON WELL-BALANCED RATION
Guineas are fed in much the same
way as chickens, but they require less
feed, as they are natural rangers and
can be trusted to fiend enough seeds
of weeds and grasses, buds, insects,
and green vegetation in the fields to
supply much of their living. For the
first 36 hours after hatching no feed
is required, as the sustenance from
the egg is suflicient to nourish them
for this period. The first meal may
consist of a little hard-boiled egg
mixed with bread crumbs, or bread
may be soaked iH milk, squeezed
partly dry, and ffxi in small bits.
Clabbered milk also is very good,
poultry specialists in the United
States Department of Agriculture
Three times a day is as often as
Not mrelyfor he havy
the medium and light-weig
full selection of size, tread an
* * *
Your U. S. Tire dealer cai
this service because of the
gets from his neighboring U.
Branch. There are 92 of these
Each gets its share of U. S
that the dealer is always sup
fresh, live stock.
U. S.Tires sell as fast as they
There is no over productio:
plus piled up waiting for a "l
Wherever you buy a U.
you buy a tire of current pr<
as full of life and value as
left the makers.
ier'ton Auto Supply Co., Sum
Rawlinson Motor Co., Paxvil
I). I. & .J. F. Turhevillo, '1
they need to be fed, one feed consist
ing :of clabbered milk or the bread
and, egi, or bread and milk mixture,
and the other two of chick feed. If
the coop is placed in a field or pas
ture where green fed is available, the
guinea chicks can secure this for
themselves; otherwise, sprouted oats,
dandelion leaves, lettuce, or onion tops
cut tine should be furnished. Water,
grit, and fine oyster shell should be
before them always.
By the end of the first week the
young guineas will be finding enough
worms and insects to take the place
of the egg or milk feed, so this may
be eliminated and chick feed given
morning and night. If clabbered milk
is available, however, it can be (on
tinued with excellent success, since
guineas are very fond of variety its
their ration and it is conducive to
(uick growth. As the bird,- grow
klder whole wheat, oats, and cracked
corn can be substituted gradually for
the chick feed.
POULTRY MANURE, A
PRODUCT OFT'lEN WASTED
Worth 30 to 40 Cents per lien per
Year if Properly Cared for, Out
Half its Value Frequently Lost
The average poultry raiser attaches
little or no value to the manure pro
duced by his flock. Its gradual ac
cumulation beneath the perches of his
fowls receives only occasional atten
tion, in many instances, and even
when cleaned out more frequently is
thrown away. When its removal be
comes necessary he considers it one
of -the unavoidable and unpleasant
evils that go with the business.
Rich in Nitrogen and Phosphorus
But poultry manure has a very real
value. and many become a profitable
CHICH ESTER S PILLS
ITIE DIAMO0ND IIIRAND.
ye knon 'et. es.Atayd~al
Pbills In Ud and Gold metallic\~j
boxese sealed wth Dlu* Ribbon.
T k no otU.S.. BUire
arI but for
Aml tellfr~ 1.01 .8.TEII1
V years known as Best. Safest. Alwsyshellabte
ItSO BY DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE
I gve iouhni deer
sserivie h ies
. r, so
1 are youe
the day it
DIXIE HOUSE COMPANY
by-product of the plant. It has been
determllned by the Maine Experiment
Station, working in cooperation with
the United States Department of Ag
rieulture, that the average night drop
pings of the medium breeds amount
to 30 pounds a year for one fowl. On
this basis 100 fowls would produce
3,000 pounds, or 1 1-2 tons. The analy
sis of this manure show it to be es
pecially high in two of the three prin
cipal fertilizing elements. If the
plant food contained in a ton of aver
age fresh poultry manuure were
bought at the price paid, usually, for
it in the form of com mercial fertili
ze's, the outlay would be about $10.
Taking into acco-iit the fact that
the quantity of manure produced in
the day-time is at least equal to that
produced at night. the specialists find
that one average hen produces about
60 pounds of manure in a year. Ilow
ever, only the night droppings are
avail-ible for ure, as the day drop
0mns are widely scattered over the
yards :11d ranges. The night drop
pimws from i 1,000 hens wou!d be worth
about $1501 a year. As he nmanure,
is it usually is cared for, contaiis
only about one half its original vah Il
the loss through this form of neglect
must be very large for the entire
"I was .hardly able to drag, I
was so weakened," writes Mrs.
W. F. Ray, of Easley, S. C.
"The doctortreated me forabout
two months, still I didn't get
any better. I had a large fam
ily and felt I surely must do
something to enable me to take
care of my little ones. I had
The Woman's Tonic
"I decided to try it," con
tinues Mrs. Ray . . . "I took
eight bottles in all . . .I re
gaIned my strength and have
had no more trouble with wo
manly weakness. I have ten
chIldren and am able to do all
my housework and a lot out
doors . . . I can sure rxcom
Take Cardui today. It may
be lust what youi need.
At alt druggists.
Water Systems f'
I Repair Work Pr<
SP. O. Box 31
ttt!tt!!!!!!!!!!!!!!P ! !!!!!!!!!!!
h i :tit!t!!!!!!!nttitit!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
ipped from factory in easy-to.
,dle sections. Quickly and easily
ected by our simple)1 instructions.
isolutely rigi(d anid weather tight.
)uble walls ill most designs. 10n
during. Delightful to live im.
Desigits changed to suit your
ideas, without charge, if general
size retained. Sketches supplied,
State kiind of house you want to
build aid we will send spe
clal suggestions and free
illustrated booklet which
gives designs, floor plans.
descriptiols and moiey-sav
ing prk 3s.
o) COSGiOVIE AVENUE',
NOmICi ci'A lmulSTON, S.C.
Thite town or city backyard-poultry
man has two real incentives to induce
the saving of his h'en manure. in the
first place his poultry house should be
kopt clean if his fowls are to be heal
tLy, and, ill the second place, the
m 11111e1 Imiay be Used immediately dulr
ing a large part of the year in the or
cliard, or arounid b-rry bushes. How
ever, if thi; immedite use i resorted
to the manure should be applied some
what sparingly. It is from two to
tree times richer inl nitrogein and
three to eight times richer in phos
phorie acid than the ordinary farm
ma nures. This, of course, is due to
the kinds of feeds ured, and also to
the fact that the liqiid amid solid mat
ter are togetiler.
It can be handled most satisfactorily
if mixed withi loam to remove sticki
ness in the summer. In the wvinter it
shoul] be mixed with a fair propor
tion of loam, sawdust, or coal ashes,
sisited dried eartin, land plaster, or gy-.
psumlt. Wood ashes ald lime should
never be used as they set free the
nitrogen, which mt ust be avoided.
Keep it Dry and in a Dry Place
Io put the m-iIure onl the grouni
i.1 the winlter would meai to lose Onte
half or more of its value. The better
plan is to store it ill harrels or boxes
until time to use oi a growing crop.
Wh enl store(d this way the container
should h:ve several large holes bored
in it to admit air. Some plants hav
ig several Lhousand fowls have large
bins of colicrete for saving this ma
malre. Uitrented, a lairge part of the
itirogent escape2s into the air as am
The Ma ile Experiment Station Ie
comillelids usi ng witl every :30 lbs.
of pIoultry maLnur 10 IMunIs of saw
dulst, 16 pounds of acid phospliate,
and14 8 ponillds of kaillit. Tihe Icid phMs
plate alnd the kainit prevent the loss
of niitrogen. an1d the sawdust albsorbs
the4 excess moiAture. If* sawcdust is
nlot. obtanina'ble, dried v:arth inl about
the same proportion may be substitu0
ted. After beiig treated in this way
lie 11ur1111e should be put in a shelter
ed place 111til used. If the alimteriails
are kept handy the business of mix
mg soon becomes a routine task.
All persons are warned that any
trespissimng on the lands owned by
h'le Santee R iver Cypress I lilbelr
Company, low leased by The Brook
lyn Cooperage Company of George
towln, S. C., will be prosecuted to tile
fullest extent of the lIa. ihese lamis
run from Wright's Bllf to thIl
Williamsburg County line inl Claren
don County. Any one desiring per
miits to bhunt, fish or graze on these
hunds should alpply to anyv of the fol
F. R. Dingle, SoununIkertoni, S. C.
-Jlif M . D~avis, Summerton, S. C.,
W%. A. ltichbourg, Sumimerton, S. C.
R. F. D)., No. -i.
i. l avis. Son & (Co., Daovis Sta -
tion. S. ('.
WV. D). Richbou111rg, .Jordani, S. (C.
1 oui AIlsbronok , Foreston, S. C.,
1i. S. i. Ta',te, Vanclle, S. C.
Thie Btlack Oak ntin Club.
NG, S. C,
r Country Homes.
mptly Attended to
Phone 174 I
and Mantel Co.
SI'MilTER, S. ('.
We dlesign, bulildl and erect all
kind o15(f monumenfi~htali work of
miarble and1( grantite. Also sol
iron fenice. 11uy3 direct from
yardl and youI will save monley.