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ARTIFICIAL LIGHTS FOR HENS
INCREASES EGG PRODUCTION
By Equalizing Hdurs of Light and
Darkness it Lengthens the 'Feed
ing Period and Induces liens to
Eat Slightly More-Dangerous in
Hands of Inexperienced.
Artificial lights properly operated
will materialiy increase the winter
egg production of pullets, the United
States Departient of Agriculture k
lieves. The use of lights may also
slightly increase the yeorly egg pro
duction of individual hens, though not
to any marked extent. The opinion of
the depatement's )OUltry division is
corroborated by many of the State ex
periment stations, particularly those
in California, Indi-a, Kansas, Wash
ington, Conecticut. Prmsylvania,
North C-irolina, New York and Newy
Jersey. County agents working in
New York a! New Jersey report
considerable activity in this project
in which the Department of Agicul
ture usually cooperates with the State
agricultural college through the coun
Lighting as a Feeding Measure
It should be well understood that
artificial lighting is intended priiar
ily as a means of getting the hens to
feed loIger thanl tiey etherwise would
during the short days of fall and
winter. An extra feeding of scratch
grain should be1) provided, so that the
Every Acre I
IT costs something in b
clear cut-over land, bu
year-once for each acre.
for the work and usuall
Then, free from stumps, t
every single year. lResults
Red Cross Extra
is ideal for this work-qui
Therefore it is used by a n
Clear more 1
1920 was one of the bigges
state has ever Enown. TI
district are plan-ing eor e
ments in 1921. Join the
See our local dealer regard
for spring delivery. Wrii
book of Explosives." It's1
MINE & MII
E. I. DU PONTr DE NEMOUI
S Orn'i o
in the. Etor of th I Fair z ~enin in
n *nu hu w 'v mene n.~
I Clh'v AGRICULTUR.
REDUCED RATES (
railnelforei% scho l iidr e's~ lleen
siete- not Neold ati fair egroisndiI, heel
iri* iure l an i ill be- rieldr-c-i d nt e
ii . e ..e .I eel' ee ieeea ;i aal - uce. C
SD. F. EFIRD), Se
The three greatest
*AjD FIFTH "E.
hens may produce well for a short
time and then begin to moult. If the
laying passes 60 per cent, or, in the
opinion of some poultry authorities,
50 per cent, there is danger of moult
ing and consequent cessation of lay
ing. In the spring the lights should
never be stopped abruptly. The length
of time they are run should be short
ened about 10 minutes a (lay until it
can be entirely abandoned.
Other Points in (vinection With
Fresh water should be given the
flock the first thing in the morning
when the lights are turned on. Birds
of diff'erent ages should not be housed
together or lighted in the same way.
They should be properly graded and
flocked according to age. Lighting
makes it possible to carry February
hatched pullets through the first fall
and winter producing period with less
moulting. Yearlings and 2-year-old
hens are better if sti.rted with arti
ficial ilghts in January, and the me
thod is not as profitable as with pul
lets. It is considered a questionable
1,ractice to turn lights on culled hens
to stimulate egg production. In New
Jersey where the largest amount of
work has been done with artificial
iglil ing it is thought better to sell the
culls and buy good birds.
Artificial lights should b suspend
cd from the ceiling so that the entire
fioni space is lightod.. If the roosti-i
<loset pa.' ition Casts a shad'. (n the
roosts. the chickens will go to Wcep in
Results in New Jers.ey show that in
general the use of lights nearly doub
les production during the period of
iigh prices of eggs and greatly in
<reases the usual net return over the
cost of lights and iced in the lighted
pens. The lighted flock showed better
health than the unlighted ones, and
the subsequent laying wias as good
amc-nig the birds which had had winter
lights as with any of the birds.
A record was kept of 14 New Jersev
flocks for five months. T1he blirdis aver
agedl 3,802 ini nu mber and la id 280,
511 eggs altogether. This was a 4 1
per cent prodluctioul, whereas a 22 per
cent production was usual before the
ex perimient. ThIiis mean lt an) increa se
of 127,158 eggs.
An experimenit wa.: made at the
agrici uual experc i menit stat ion, Newv
lBrunswick, N. J1., ir. which 600t un..
lighted pullets made a profit of $3.20)
per hi rd, but 500 l igh ted birds1 clea red
$5.()7 each. Thew I lihts wvere turnedl
on in the morin g. Where an eveinia
lunch was given to 100 pullets th2
profi t per birid was 85.48. The fuel and1(
operailtinig cost for 1 ,l00 bi rds was 44
cents per bird(. An inlcrea~se of ai
simugle egg per* hir ui aiys th is cost.
LAUNCII 'LA NES
('anl Tlake A iu Fromn IDeck of lat tle
ship-New IDevice Ready-Air
pulane Rests on Carriage and Ele
vation Gained by Increased Ac..
Waishinigtoni, Oct. 16(.-Trhe first
coimpletc.e caitapul01t for lau nch ing a ir
phianes from t he decks oif ha ttlesh ips
15isiowi read(y for instaillationl at the
Ilhampton Rtoads ir~ Stationi.
hFor some ti me light, single, seater
chase pla nes have beeni successful ly
flownu from plaitforr~is houilIt on the
tojis of hat tlesh ipse, lie short run
againist the wiind becing suflicieiit to
ia ise t he niecessar y "lift." But this
systemi wvas not, appliicablle to heavier
with t he turre't opeirat ion.
Thie devi -e, however, gives the
iiiiessairy i mpetus lunhider any cndi.
ions~ an d will not i;, Ierferc wvilti the
fiunct ions oif the ship. It. is helieveid
by na~val exp~erts that futuore battle
;s wuillibe dlesigne-! ''ith catapults.
Thei device is said to be on the
samiie piiple~~ as flit. used5 hy .J.
P ierjiuntI I,anugley. It (li coprises a
lower drciven carriane riuning oni
ringte is driven alongL the t rac'ks at
ani merenamili acceleration iuiitil the
;peid bieconies suaflieie lit to pierm it the
plane to take the air. Thle carrlage
is birought to r est, by meanii s oif brakes
mal shiock abhsorb~er near the end of
iiirun froim wh.ere itis duawn hack
to the strt inig point and2 I (eady to
launch anuother plane.
lIIsi('e th le lV auncihinug (iatapults
naval Iesigneirs are' woringiiJ on la~ns
to iip l all ha ttleshills of the line
with hanogaris, mnachine shops atnd
flock is induced to eat not only enough
for maintenance but an amount com
parable to what is eaten n the more
active laying seasons.
Lights are used soon after Septem
ber 1 in New Jersey, but in most lo
calities they are started November
1 and continued to April 1. Condi
tions vary in dicerent States. What
may be good practice in New Jersey
may not work in Kansas. In the lat
ter State zlectricity is considered the
only practicable kind of light, while
in other States kerosene lamps and
gasoline mantels are sometimes used.
Electricity is the most practical me
thod to use wherever it is available.
How to Use Artificial Light
The total daylight, real and arti
ficial, should be about 14 hours. There
are three ways of increasing the ap
parent length of the day-by turning
on lights very early in the morning,
or by keeping them going several
hours at night, or by using them both
morning and night. While all three
methods have given good results, the
first is usually found most convienient
because the lights merge into day
light and no ill effects result if they
are not turned off promptly.
In using the second method some
dimming device is nceded with elec
tric lights to lower the illumination
gradually. The hens do not get to
their roosts if the light is suddenly
9xtinguished. Gasoline and kerosene
lamps have to be turned down.
Artificial lighting can be abused,
with disa-,trous effects on the.flock. If
they are run for too long a day, the
i . f
s every year
oth time and money to
t you only spend it one
One fair crop will pay
show a profit besides.
iat land will.pay profits
in this state have shown
-k, effective, economical.
iajority of farmers.
mnd in 1921
t land-clearing years this
ie farmers all over this
ven greater accomplish
novement and reap the
Ac D:i Pn- E.-p.osives
:e fbr -Farmers' Hand
tS & CO.; Inc., Birmingham, Ala.
th Carolina Fair
E~ STOCK SHOW
.('otn and1 see how others are mreet.
wedrearI Prse aml~fount to $3,000.
ay aftron . Paing and Trotting
3t cidmny Running Races5 for
1(4 iam. I rst time ever seen1 In the
aes 'i TusIay. Wed~nes(day and Thurs-i
S EVERY NIGHT
rthan tic~ Show featuring 304 attra tions
Ia I.ltry 4 Ir444ders' AvsocIiln if, Ii
. Z \ans,, l'eidenI44t, 4 'har~(leo, S. (.
4a4o. ~ He 4(-rved satsi prov'ided fo4r
)N ALL RAILROADS
us mmler i .'Snrx, iu, F'urthesr redue 441
en4 hwy.ht~l in nlvance44 in hulk. TheIise
mus~ he4 44erere In adIvanltce fromt (he.
all 144l,24' ift 4 xed'4. I'r1ers toe~ nnd4I
creitarv. Columbia, S C.
COED WE.fAT HER IS OE!
We Are Prepared to
Meet Your Wants in
Coat Suits from . $25.00 to $50.00
Coats . . . $12.50 to $50.00
Dresses . . . $10.00 to $50.00
Sweaters . . . $ 2.98 to $12.50
Slippers in Black, Tan and
Patent Leather from . . . $.3.50 to $10.00
Shoes in Black and Tan, in
Kid and Calf from . . . $ 2.98 to $11.00
Also 1 lot All-Wool Blankets
worth $10.00 for . . . . $ 7.98
Shaw & McCollum Mercantile Co.
SUMTER, S. C.
I To Fight the Boll Weevill
* Our Farmers must raise more live
Stock, and to do this, they must
fence their farms. We have just
* ~received a car load of
IPittsburgh Wire Fence !
U ~- U