VOL. X . MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1921
UNIONS PREPARE TO
AN E DISPUTES
Railway Brotherhoods Work Out Plan
BOARD MEMBERS CHOSEN
Joint Adjustment Agencies to Be Set
St Up in Various Districts.
Chicago,; Nov. 15.-Plans of the
Irotherhood of Locomotive Engineers
and Brotherhood of Loemotive Fire
men and Engimen t meet demands
of the railroads for revision of .rules
and working conditions agreements
and for further wage cuts were com
pleted today at the close of a two-day
session of 950 general chairmen and
Warren S. Stone, grand chief of the
engineers, and William S. Cater, pres
ident of the firemen and enginemen,
explained the settlement under which
'the recent general strike order was
cancelled and received their followers
endorsement of their action.
Requests from ninety-eight railroad
for revision of rules . and working
conditions were considered, and the
counter demands formulated. Mr.
Stone announced tonight the unions
were agreed on a concerted program
in the rules cases.
Announcement was made today that
the four big brotherhoods have signed
agreements with roads in the Eastern,
Western and Southeastern districts
for setting up adjustment boards, pro
vided for in the Esch-Cummins Trans
portation Act. Two assistant grand
chiefs will represent the engineers on
the boards-F. A. Burgess on the
Southeastern, and H. P. Daugherty
on the Western.
The Brotherhood of Railway Train
men will be represented by A. F. Whit
ney on the Western, and W. N. Doak
on the Southeastern board. No ap
pointnients to the Eastern board have
been announced as yet. Representa
tives of the other unions have not
yet been selected.
Creation of the boards is expected
to speed up the work of the United
States Railroad Labor oBard by re
lieving its docket of the hundreds of
petty cases of individual grievances.
All sue hdisputes will be first re
ferred to the nearest adjustment
board for arbitration, and only in
event of a deadlock on the board will
the case come before the government
Each of the boards is to have eight
members, one from each of the broth
erhoods and four representing' the
roads in its territory. Meetings will
be held monthly in New York, Wash
ington and Chicago. The agreements
run for one year, , and may be re
Roads in the Eastern territory
which have already signedi the agree
ment include the Baltimore and Ohio
system; New York Central; Cleveland
Cincinnati, Chicago and Louis Rail
road; Lake rie and Western; Toledo
and Ohio Central; Zanesville and
Western; Kanawvha and Michigan;
Boston and Albany; Michigan Cen
tral; Pittsburg and Lake Erio; In
diana Harbor Belt Railway; Cincin..
nati Northern.; Kanawha and West
Virginia, and Evansville, Indianapolis
andl Tet-re Haute Railroad.
The Southeastern district agreement
bears the signatures of the Atlanta
and West Point; the Western Railway
of Alabama; Atlantic Coast Line; Cen
tral of Georgia; Charleston and West..
ern Carolina; Cheasapeako ?and Ohio;
Florida East Coast; George Railroad;
Louisville and Nashville; Louisville,
Henderson andl St. Louis; Nashville,
Chattanooga and St. Louis; Norfolk
dnd Western; Norfolk Southern; Rich
mond. Fredericksburg and Potomac;
Seaboard Air Line; Winston-Salem
Southbound, and the Guilt and Ship
In the Western territory the. agree
mont has been approved by eighteen
Married, Saturday November 12, by
Probate Judge Windhanm, Miss Janle
Gertrude Hell iday of New Zion, to Mr.
William Oscar McFarland of Oxford,
Hear the Call
The campaign for signers of the to
bacco growers to the marketing con
tract of the Tri-State Tobacco Grow
er's Co-operative Association was
launched in this County Tuesday at an
enthusiastic meeting of leading grow
era in the Court Houe.
County Agent, W. R. Gray opened
the meeting with a discussion of the
need for a more intelligent marketing
system. F. V. Shelton a tobacco grow
er of Virginia outlined the contract
and discussed the method of handling
tobacco by the association, after
which an opportunity was given for
those growers not satisfied with the
p resent system to join with their fel
low growers in North Carolina and
Virginia to establish'a marketing sys
tem along cooperative lines.
Contracts carrying control of ap
proximately a quarter million pounds
of tobacco were signed, and im
mediately thereafter the organization
of a county unit was perfected.
D. R. DuBose of Sardinia, one of
the leading tobacco growers of the
county was elected County Chairman
and County Agent, W. R. Gray was
elected secretary. The following grow-!
ing growers were elected Township
Chairmen for their respective town
ships, these men to appoint their aids
at their own choosing: Calvary-W.
R. Keels; Sammy Swamp-J. McD.
McFaddin; Friendship-E. L. Fairey;
Concord-A. J. Plowden; St. Paul
J. H. King; St. James--J. M. Rowe;
Santee-H. C. Cousar; St. Marks-J.
A. Allsbrooks; Brewington-J. C.
Johnson; New Zion-J. P. Buddin
Manning-G. T. Floyd; Mt. Zion-C.
I. Haley; Plowden Mill-R. H. Reaves;
Harmony--M. C. Kennedy; Douglas
J. C. Dennis; Midway-J. J. Epps;!
Sandy Grove-J. H. Ham.
A meeting of these officers for the
county has been called by the Presi
dent for 1onday, November 21st at
the Court House at Manning, at 11
o'clock. All- officers are urged to be
As the campaign for signers must
be completed by Januaiy 1st, those
present at the meeting. made plans for
a whirlwind drive in Clarendon Coun
ty to be sure that her quota is secur
ed well before the time limit. Prac
tically every one present took con
tracts and agreed to get them signed,
and Secretary W. R. Gray has a num
ber on hand for further distribution.
Several of the leading growers en
thusiastically endorsed the plan and
pledged their unstinted support to the
campaign, while a prominent bankpr
of the county took a batch of contracts
with him remarkhig, thats the farii
ers came into get notes renewed he
would get the contracts signed. Capt.
W. C. Davis, President of The First
National Bank of Manning stated
that the financing plan of the Asso
ciation was sound, and that in the fu
ture he would be leary of would-be
borrowers who had not joined with
their fellow growers for intelligent
The spirit displayed at the meeting
was indicative of a majority sign up
in record time in Clarendon County.
Mr. Shelton who is a member of the
Campaign Committee says he has not
attended more enthusiastic meeting
anywhere in the State. though grow
ers everywhere are realizing that this
is their job, and are pushing forward
to fairer profits and living wages
through co-operation with a deter
mination that will not he denied.
The following men signed the mar
keting contract at the meeting to
rilay: D. R. DuBose, J. E. Cousar, J.
S. Burgess, F. C. Thomas. E. D. Play
3r, Ryan, R. Wood. H. C. Cousar, E. A.
Corbett, S. E. McFaddin, J. M. Wind
ham, R. E. McFadden, Floyd and
F'loyd, C. R. Sprott. L. H1. Harvin, C.
N. Sprott, W. C. Davis, M. C. Ken
nedy.- N. Z. Andrews. . As already
mentioned these men Produce ap
proximately a quarter million p~oundls.
A meeting of the Cotton Grower's
Association was held at 10:30 o'clock
Tuesday morning at the Court House
for thie j.mrpose of electing officers for
the commng year and to adopt a ireso
lution presented to the members. The
afficers elected weire: Mr. F. C.
Thomas, president, re-electedl and
Tudge J. M. Windham, secretary and
treasurer, re-elected. Judge Wind
ham presentedl the resolution, which
was adlopted. The resolution follows:
WHEREAS the general officers of
the Cotton Asociation have in season
Emnd out of season, exerted themselves
in behalf of the cotton industry of the
South to enable the farmers to their
and WHlERE'AS the persistent ef
!orts of our officers has finally result
xd in having Congress to authorize the
War Finance Corporation to provide
Funds for the orderly marketing of
:xotton andl for the breeding, raising,
tattening and marketing of live stock;
NOW, BE RESOLVED, That the
Clarendon County Cotton Association
lees hereby express its great work
:lon, by the officers of the Cotton As
mocation in obtaining this great re
lief for Southern farmers.
The friends of Mr. John Player will
3e sorry to learn that he Is Ill at his
iome near Midway.
[th to Thank
LOCAL HAPPENINGS Of
TWENTY YEARS AGO
November 13, 1901.
Rev. S. A. Nettles spent last Monday
Mrs. Beulah rV. Dinkins of Rome is
in Manning on a visit to her brother,
Hon. Jno. S. Wilson.
Died at Georgetown last Thursday,
Mr. Winfield Holladay, aged about '60
years. The deceased was formerly a
citizei of Clarendon and had a host of
relatives in this county. The body was
brought home on Friday and interred
at Andrews Chapel.
The stables of Capt. A. L. Lesesne
on his plantation near Silver were de
stroyed by fire last Saturday night,
the work of an incendiary, Henry El
more, cojored, was arrested for the
crime, and taken before Magistrate
Bateman at Paxville and by him coi
mitted to jail. This is Judge Bate
man's first case.
The marriage of Miss Lucie Barron
of Manning, and Mr. N. G. Gonzales
of Columbia, will take place at 8
o'clock a. m. tomorrow, and then the
couple will leave for an extended trip
at the North. We wish them both a
long and happy life. We have known
Miss Burron from her childhood, and
we can sincerely say she is one of
South Carolina's sweetest and fairest
jewels; she is loved by old and young.
Mr. Gonzales is the editor of the Co
lumbia State, and one of the ablest
editorial writer's in the South-a man
whose ability is recognized throughout
AMERICAN LEGION BANQUET
The Woman's Auxiliary of Wil
liams-Burgess Post No. 68 gave an
elaborate dinner on the evening of
Armistice Day to which were invited,
besides the local Legionnaires, the
veterans of the Confederate, Spanish
and World Wars living in Manning,
About fifty guests being present.
The banquet was held in the Legion
Club Rooms and they were beautifully
decorated with flags, buntiog and fall
A committee of members of the
Auxiliary served the following menu:
grape fruit cocktail, turkey with dress
ing, cranberry jelly, roast pork, rice,
French fried potatoes, green peas, as
paragus, pickle, fruit salad, rolls, co
connut cake, coffee, cigars an( cigar
Afterward splendid patriotic
speeches Were heard from Capt. W. C.
Davis and J. G. Dinkins, Esq. T. IT.
Stukes, local Post Adjutant, presided
as toastmaster an( introduced the
speakers. Capt. Davis spoke as May
or. of Manning and a veteran of the
Spanish-American war and proposed
a toast to the Confederate veterans.
Mr. Dinkins, in his capacity as Post
Commander, responlded in a pleasing
Imniediately after the dinner Wil
lianis-Blurgess Post held a business
meeting when several new members
were added to its rolls. The Post is in
a thriving condition and its Woman's
Auxiliary, of which Mrs. C. B. Geirr
is President, is a large an( enthusias
MEETING AT HIOME
BRANCH SCHOOL HOUSE
Upon the request of farmers from
that section a meeting will be held
tomorrow, Thursday night, at '7:30
o'clock at Home Branch School house.
At this meeting W. R. Gray, County
Agent and F. L.. H-arkey, Marketing
Agent of Clemson College, wvill talk
on the Co-operative Tobacco Grow
er's Association. Every one who can
is urged to attend this meeting.
There will be an important meet
ing of the farmers of Clarendon Coun
ty in the Court House Friday at 11
o'clock. This meeting is for the pur
pose of discussing the Co..operative
Cotton Marketing Association. Mr.
Irvine F. Belser of Columbia will be
present to explain the contract andl
the workings of the association.
A large representation of the farm
ers of the County is expected at this
meeting and it is probable that the
Cotton Marketing Campaign will be
launched at this time.
Miss Pamie'o Bradham spent the
week-end with her parents.
Join the Roll
BETTER GET YOUR
WHEAT SEED AT ONCE
The three banks of Manning informs
their friends and patrons that while
their stock of seed wheat has been
greatly reduced they still have a con
siderable quantity on hand for distri
bution and as there is yet ample time
for planting they will be pleased to
supply those ivho have been unable
to sow wheat on their land.
The recent heavy depreciation in the
price of cotton has been something of
a disappointment to many who have
been holding the small amount made
on their farms for better prices. The
facts are: much is written and said
about the world's need for cotton but
little about what the world will pay
for cotton under varying quantities of
The supposition is the consumption
of cotton is governed, largel, as is
every other commodity, by the price at
which it can be bought, for instance,
at five cents per pound the world will
buy possibly twenty million bales of
cotton ,at seven cents per pound pos
sibly eighteen million bales, at ten
cents per pound, the world would like
ly buy fifteen million bales of cotton,
at twelve and a half cents per pound
it would likely take fifteen million
bales while at fifteen cents per pound
thirteen and a half million bales would
likely fill all demands, and at prices
above this proportionately less woulil
would be bought.
The large consumption of cotton in
the past has been due to the ability
of the Southern States, by reason of
their cheap negro labor and a'dmirable
or otherwise tenant system, to pro
duce cotton at prices that eliminated
fabrics made of other raw materials
from common use.
Even among people of the South,
when cotton is high in price, the sale
of linen, silk and woolen goods is
eroneously stimulated, at such times
it not being an uncommon thing to see
cotton pickers in silk dresses, and high
priced laborers in silk shirts and cost
ly woolen clothing, while mills and
manufacturing plants substitute bar
rels and burlaps for cotton sacks. The
cotton growers are very much grati
fied and welcome the more substantial
wood food containers as affording
them a better means of keeping pro
visions while being consumed than the
common cotton sack.
In view of the conditions named
above we can not under boll weevil
conditions grow cotton again at prices
prevailing prior to the World's War
owing to large increase in cost, and
should the South as a whole succeed
under stimulus of the price at present
in growing a normal crop, or suflicient
to bring the price much below that
now prevailing, without ample food
and forage supplies among us, there
can not be other than great suffering
and privation as a result
It is for these reasons that the three
banks of Manning aire asking their
friends and patrons not to neglect for
age and food crops for a length of
time until we are better able to grow
cotton with better assurance of profit
than is now presented and to thus
avoid the necessity of entering into
obligations for the payment of dlebts
incurredl for commodities wvhich can be
made at home.
As stated in our former letter, the
people in manufacturing centers are
very optomistic over the supply of cot
ton in sight, their opinion is that with
the large carry over from last year
wvith the prospect fr'om recent rep~orts
of a larger crop being made this year
than was estimated early in the sea
son, and in view of the foreign decmandl
continuing light by reason of restrict
ed credlits there cannot be any great
shortage of cotton until another crop
dletermines the actual conditions.
HONOR FOR PANOLA SCHOOL
1st. grade-Lucile Blrailsford, Wini
fred Brailsford, Mattie Fairy
2nd. gradle--Bert Chewning, Ruth
3rd. grade-hazel Elliott.
4th. grade-Not represented.
5th grade.--Mary Brown, Benson
Fairy, Clyde Elliott.
6th. grade-Tracy Chewning.
7th. grade--Alvin Mathis
8th grade.-Julian Richbourg.
9th. grade-Elma Chewning, Oredia
Mrs. Bessie B. Hazel, Mrs. H. G.
Walker, Miss Norman Wilkins, Teach
HONOR FOR' UNION SCHOOL
1st. grade--Ruby Evans, D. E.
2nd. grade-Rudolph DuBose, Rem
bert Coker, Edith Morris.
3rd. grade-David Winter.
4th. grade-Idarene Morris.
8th. gtrade-Mae Roland.
TO SELL GOOD FARM1
Mr. A. L. Luce, secretary of th<
Manning Board of Trade has received
the following letter from a Northeri
I am quoting below, wtihout disclos
ing name and address of the party as
he does not wish to be burdened witli
a lot of correspondence, a most valu
able letter containing an inquiry foi
a first class farm property. If you
know of any such place for sale kindly
give me complete information, and I
will transmit same to our correspon
dent, if I think it in any way meet,
"Kindly send me any particular.
you may have regarding any choic<
farms for sale in North or Souti
Carolina or Virginia, filling as nearl5
as possible the following require.
1. Close to a large city or town
with good roads.
2. Good neighbors and progressiv(
3. Fertile and well drained land.
4. Location must be healthy and
free from Malaria.
5. Plenty of good water, Electric
6. Good houses for owner and help
7. Good barn and other out-build
ings. Well fenced.
8. Well stocked with cattle, hogs
9. Substantial up-to-date machin
10. Good orchards.
11. Some standing timber.
12. Cheap transportation rates to
Would like at least 640 acres.
As I myself would only expect to
reside on the farm during January,
February and March, would like to
locate in a section where the climate
an(d surroundings would make a con
genial winter home.
If suited would pay all cash. It
would .have to be a bargain."
Anyone desiring to get in touch
with this party should forward theit
letter to Mr. Luce who will sen( it on
to his correspondent. This is a goo(I
opportunity to try and get some new
farmers in the county and we believe
it is up to the Board of Trade to take
up the matter officially.
RECEPTION TENDERED '
FOOT BALL LoYS
On last Friday evening at the home
of Mrs. W. T. Lesesne, the Manning
foot ball boys gave a reception in lion
or of the Conway foot hall boys. The
home was beautifully decorated in
flags, cut flowers and potted plants.
As the guests arrived they were served
fruit punch, and after the Conway
boys were introdluced to the Manning
boys and girls, they were all invite'
to the Pastime Theatre, where therc
had the pleasure of seeing "Black
Heauty," a picture given by the Ameri
can Legion. A fter enjoving the pie
tture, the guests went back to Mrs.
I esesne's where they were served
with a delightful salad course.
Those who had the plea sure of nmeet
ing the Conway boys were: Ml isses
Louise Sprott, Sarah Lesesne, Cecil
Clark, Lula Rigby, Isabel Plowdlen,
Francis Brown, Virginia Geiger,
Francis Dickson, Corrinen Mcl lvey,
LilIa Emma SprottI, Hlatt in reed in,
M ildr-ed Smith, Gertrude Gee. Mlat tin
Lee Land, Mat tin H orton, Virgi nia
Coffey, Mary Lou liradley, Leonat
Rigby, Barnwell Huggins, 'Tora Bag
nal, Sue Spr-ott , Irene P'lowdlen, Edna
Boger, Gr-ace Nimmer, Coleman,
Schuler, Rives, Earl, Roxic .md Sallie
Dixon, Dunlap; Messrs. Will iam Mc
Leod, .John ID. Gerald, J.i, Gabrel Du
Bose, Preston Wells, Milton Hlolliday,
Hugh Or-vin, Nevelle Sprot t, AlIton
Eadon, Gene Bagnal, Sam Rigby,
Kimgswood Sprott, Hariold Ragnal,
William Richardson, Char-les Wilson,
Willie Blradlley, Frederick N immer,
(h arles Land, Spain Briggs, Helms,
Richards and~ McCord.
NEIGHIBORIIOOD ROOK CLUB
Mrs. Connor- Wells was hiostess to
the neighborhood rook club on last
Friday afternoon. After the game
the hostess was assistedl by Miss
Alma Williams in serving a delight
fuli salad course wvith crufce to the
guests who were: Mesdames II. C.
Romar, .John Breedin, WV. C. Davis,
Jesse H-uggins, George Hlanks, Idla
Cole, A. L. Barron, T. F. Coffey, S. S.
Richardson, Joseph Sprott, S. W. H~ar
yin, Sr., W. S. Harvin, Jr., Frank Hug
gins, Frank Burgess and HI. ID. Du
The Men's Bible Class of the Bap
tist Church gave a barbecue to the
members on Tuesdlay evening. Mes
dames Trhomas, White and Easley
servedl this dlelightful sup per, after
which Dr. Brunson of Sumter, and
Rev. 11am of Alcolu. gave very inter
esting add~resses. There were' about
The Prayer Band and Bible Glass
will meet at the home of Mrs. Maria
Birown on Thmrsday afternoon at 4
o'cloek. Lessn. 2 (drn
Senator Smith, of South Carolina,
FLAYS WORK OF CONGRESS
Speaker Declares Only Hope Appears
to Lie in Co-operative Sell
Washington, Nov. 15.-Prediction of
a world shortage of cotton next sum
Mer was made in the Senate today by
Senator Smith, Democrat, of South
Carolina, in a speech analyzing the
statisties on cotton consumption for
October, made public by the Census
Bureau. Should the rate of consump
tion for the ensuing months equal or
exceed that of October, he said, there
would not he a bale of American cot
ton in existence by next August 1.
In the course of his speech Mr.
Smith distressed to discuss what, he
said, was the failure of congressional
action intended to aid the farmers, as
serting that it seemed the only hope
for the agricultural interest lay in the
formation of their own cooperative
selling agencies and the establishment
of their own banks. le added that re
lief legislation thus far had been con
vertecd each time into "breastworks be
hind which the interests opposed to the
farmers entrenched themselves to de
stroy the farmers' profits."
Exports and domestic consumption
of cotton for October aggregated I,
366,000 bales, which, according to the
Senator, coistitutes a record for mon
thly disposition of the product.
Demands Exceeds Supply
"At that rate," he continued, "tho
exports and consump. on between last
August 1 and next .' igust I will be
more than 16,000,000 bates, and the
best estimate of the visible supply that
can be obtained shows only about 12,
500,000 or 13,000,000 bales."
A carry-over of about 5,000,000 bale
was estimated by Mr. Smith, while
this year's crop, hie believed, would(
not exceed 7,000,000 bales. lie made
his figures liberal, he added, but round
no way to bring the two totals any
way near together.
Mr. Smith reviewed the many' "cries'
which, he said, had forced the cotton
prices down, and told the Seniate that,
all of the "menacing things foreseen
by the trade, including the rail st rike,"
had been it out of the way, yet the
)rice remilainled low. ie decla r, how
ever, that the coun try never would set
cotton sell as low ea in), expressi5n
the belief that Anrican cotton crops
hereafter would fall below the teii
year average, which, he .;aid, was
slghtly above 12,000,000 bales.
PENALTY; ON I. C. WA LIA(UE
Sumter, Nov. I 1.-J. (. \Vallace,
wol was recently convicted in the
Court of General Sesisons of assault
with intent to rayvish, '.Is sentenced
today to b e eectrocuted on I)eecm ber
1 next, by .iWe TI... J Mauldin, after
a miotioni for a newv trial was refused.
WVhen the death senten'ce was pro
niountced the wvife of the defendant.
fainted and had to have medical as
sistance, causing quite a connnotion
intecut room. She was hysterical
for somc time aftertwa rds. It will be
recalled that WalIlace was com e,
of assaul t upion a t welve- yearv-ol girl,
t'w butlk of the ev idence lbegins mnain
ly circumistan tint. The allegedl v ictimt
was utnble to testify at the trial. T[he
warrant for Wallace's arrest wr~s
sworn out by his wife and Iater she
endeavored to have it w ithdtra wn with
out success. Attorneys for the coni
(demned mian say that they intend car
rying the appeal to the Supreme Court.
HIElP ORGA NIZ/E BPWOl1111!
LEAG;UE AT JORlDAN
Sever at of the members of the Ep
worth League of the Methodist C'hurch
here wecnt to JIordan Sunday evening
to help organize an Epwvorth Leage:
there. Those going were: Misses
Gertrude Gee, Lila Emma Sprott,
Mary Lou Bradley, Lula Rigby, Annie
Mae McGrady, Virginiai C'offey, Leona
Rigby, Messrs. Luce, .John D). G;erald,
Jr., Sam Riigby, Fred Chewn ing ando
Miss Elizabeth Graham, entertain
oet at a bridge piarty Wednesday even
ing. After several interesting games
were playedt, a dlelicious hot course
was served. Tlhe evening was very
pleasantly spent. Those enjioying this
occasion wvere: Mesdames Wmn. R.
Sprott, B. Greshe, J. E. Grahamn, ..
H. Boswell, C. E. Chestnut, Warren,
J. C. BosAwell, D. M. Wilson, C. D.
Sturgeon, Misses Janita Graham,
Rluby Graham and Sarah Bonwctt
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