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CHIMNEY CORNER SCHOOL Of
AGRICULTURE FOR FARMERS
A Great Number of Farmers' Bul
letins, Books, and Other Printed
Matter Containing Latest Infor
mation on All Subjects Available
to Help Farmers Improve Their
Old pioneer stories tell of boys who,
after working all summer in the clear
ing, attended school in the winter.
Conditions have changed but little to
day so far as spare tir for study in
the summer is concerned, but winter
still offers it opportunities, and no
matter how old or young the farmer
is he can generally find time at this
season for a few extra licks at 'read
ing up" on some phase of farming
that will come in handy next year.
A School Around Every Fireplace
His schoolhouse may well be in his
own chimney corner, and December
should mark the beginning of the ses
sion of this school. lie has a wide
range of subjects to pick from and is
bound to find something on practi
cally every question of farming with
which he is concerned. During the
year there have been printed a con
siderable number of good textbooks
on farming. The United States Dc
partment of Agriculture, as well as
the various State agricultural colleges
has embodied in bulletins the results
of long and patient labor on various
things pertaining to farming, and
have put into type facts that will
mean dollars to the farmer who learns
them and puts them into practice.
Of course, this chimney-cornei
school of agriculture allows its stu
dents much leeway. The curriculum
is largely elective. The farmer may
study one subject and leave another
alone, as his interests and his busi
ness may dictate. But there will be
enough bulletins that are of interest
to him to make a pretty full course of
study. If he has neglected his educa
tion and isn't "up to his grade" there
may be a great (eal more than he can
handle in one winter.
The Department of Agriculture has
been publishing bulletins for a great
many years. Hundreds of Farmers'
Bulletins have been issued and every
one of them discussess something that
means money or better living to a
large class of farmers. Many of the
subjects have been supplemented and
localized by State agencies-the agri
cultural college or the State depart
ment of agriculture.
There is no reason why any farmer
may not have all the scientific infor
mation that exists on all phases of ag
riculture that mean anything in his
particular operations. All he has to
(I is to read and study by his own
fireside. If lie needs tutoring, there is
the county agent, whom he can con
sult when lie goes to town on Satur
day-or he might possibly have th'
agent out to supper an( a session by
the fireside some night.
The Department of Agriculture has
printed lists of its various publica
tions. Any farmer-or any city dwel
ler or suburbanite who is interested
in chickens or a garden or any of th
things that pertain to farming--can
have a copy mere!y by writing fcr it,.
For the average farmer it. is worth
spending in evening over, reading
titles and checking the ones in Which
he is interested.
For Sale at your Dealer
ASK FOR THE YELLOW P
EAGLE PENCIL CO
Your Blank Book
CARRIED) IN ST()
Sheet Hri lders - Day Hools
.1 urnals Figuring
Ledgers C'ash ,Jomt
C'ash H~oks Loose Lea
We Carry the .\lost. Complete Lit
Supplies in Sc
.liib Printing. Oilice Eqi
(COlA;M IA, SO
Non is the time to turnn all
(Get allI your (Con xtIoget her, a
s our Milk. Ship the (ream 2 or*
and gel ai tice, little check ('eh
have the Skim Milk to reed to1 yo
ter' than whole mnilk. A great
heir calvesc on t he cows, in ot he
HfA NDSOM l PtOITl whkich theic
South Ca rotina has enough cows
Hu tter that they need, but at t he
shipped fruom other sect ions andl~
TIlil S GIREATl PittOFITI
Thei( Farmers in t he West are
active initerest ini shipping or C re
th is state and the fa rmers musii~t y
buiildl up the farm and still GIV E
Weare in a position to han
have' alt machinery to Mlauf~actur
F or Furltier Informat ion W',r
Then' he' can mail this checked list
to the Department of Agriculture,
and the bulletins checked will be
sent to him without charge. There
are a few bulletins the supply of
which has become exhausted and
copies are no longer given away, but
they may be bought for a low cents
each from the Superintendent of
Documents at Washington, D. C. The
procedure is explaineo on the list
that ih furnished by the department.
It Pays To Go To School.
Every farmer owes it to himself and
his family to find a little time to go
to school every winter-to read 5, 10,
or 20 bulletins that will help him to
make better crops, better live stock,
to carry on his operations with less
exhausting strain on himself.
It should be mentioned, too, that
this chimney-corner college of agri
culture is co-educational. A large
number of the bulletins are devoted
to household subjects. They contain
information that will enable the far
mer's wife better to carry her half of
the load-to feed the family better
with less work, to realize more for
the portion of the farm output that
comes under her directions, to have
the minimum of inconvenience in the
house and to get the maximum of
comfort out of it-a thousand things
that will help along in making farm
life pleasanter and more profitable.
THE SELF-SUPPORTING FARM
Under boll weevil conditions it is
considered extremely important for
each farmer to raise as nearly all of
the staple food and feed crops as is
possible to supply all needs of the
landlord, the tenants, and the live
These things can be grown at
home much more cheaply than they
can be purchased from other sec
tions, and producing them should
not interfere with the production of
staple cash crops but should round
out a well balanced cropping system.
On any farm on which a good ro
tation is followed for the purpose of
building up the fertility of the land
and maintaining a system of diversi
fled agriculture, all of these crops
can be grown economically and to
Without a good all-year garden
there can be no "100 percent" self
The soils of South Carolina are
more than ordinarily adapted to the
growing of fruit for home use, and
in some sections for commercial
With an abundance of milk, but
ter and cream for the family, 25
to 35 per cent of the grocery bill may
Each farm family of five should
own or be furnished with two cows
of standard dairy breed (grade or
One cow should be bred to freshen
in the spring and the other in the
will break a Cold, Fever and
Grippe quicker than any
thing we know, preventing
Made in five grades
ENCIL WITH THE RED BAND
MPANY, NEW YORA
Supplies For 1922.
CK IN COLUMBIA
Books~ Columnar Sheets
nals Post Bi1ndlers
f Ledgers' Ring Books
e of Blank Books and( Loose Leaf
ipmient. Ruibber Stamps
11T1 CA ROLINA
your1I produ1ctI Oin the ftam inito
Iso buiy a Separator, and( separaite
3 limes a week to this Cr eamnery
11nd every week. You will t hen
ur calve*s and hogs, which is het
many farmers today are raising
words, TI'lRO1W 1NG away a
couIldl0)1 btiln by sh ipping Creami.
to sulj ~ y its St ate with1 all t he
preseniIt timen the Buttecr is being
or farmers AREJ. LOSING A LI.
nmakintg money, but are taking an
ami. Theii Boll Weevil has st ruck
et~ into) somiethIing else w hichi willI
lle your' CRlEA M Dl), A , as we
eI 'lIT R an1 ~ud tatke care of you.
fall and in this way about two gal
lons of milk per day may be pro
duced if proper care and feed are
All feeds for the family - cows
should be home growpX.
It is important to prepare one to
two acres of permanent pastures for
each cow in order to produce the
dairy products for the home more
The milk cows should be pastured
on the cultivated fields in the fall
when possible and on oats and ryo
in the winter and early spring.
The milk cows should be bred
only to purebred bulls of a dairy
breed. The cheapest means of in
suring the service of a good bull
for a few cows is to organize a dairy
bull association among neighbors.
The keeping of a flock of laying
hens on the farm i san important
part of good general farm manage
ment. On every farm there should
be at least 30 to 40 laying hens.
It is more advisable to keep pul
lets and yearlings than birds over
For general farm conditions, the
dual purpose breeds, Plymouth
Rocks, Wyandottes, and Rhode Is
land Reds are the most popular and
from records appear to give the
most favorable results.
Purebred poultry stocks produces
a greater number of eggs, a more
uniform product, makes possible the
selling of eggs for hatching, and
creates a greater interest in poultry.
It will take four hogs averaging
150 pounds each to supply pork for
the average family of five.
All feeds for hogs, save possibly
a little tankage, should be home
It takes approximately ten bushels
of corn and sixty pounds of tankage
to produce a 150-pound pig.
If buttermilk, so ybean pasture,
rape pasture, or corn and velvet
bean pasture is available, it will not
be necessary to buy tankage.
A splendid way to fatten hogs is
to turn them on corn and velvet
beans and let the hogs do the har
It has been thoroughly demon
strated that good pastures will save
about two fifths of the grain ration.
One or two acres of rape or rye
for winter pasture and access to
Bermuda pasture for summer, will
produce sufficient grazing for a brood
sow and her litter.
It is important to use only pure
bred boars, as this is the most
economical way of improving the
The surplus feed crops resulting
from dliversified farming may be
sold through the (dairy cowv profit
ably if a convenient market is avail
A silo is recommended for herds
of ten or more cows. Corn and sor
ghum are the best crops for ensilage.
Balanced rations for milk prodluc
tion should be madle from home
grown feeds; corn, velvet beans,
oats, cottonseed meal, peavine hay,
alfalfa ha". soybean hay, silage.
Goodl cows should be fed liberally,
and unpriofitable cows sold1 to the
It is better to sell cieami to a~ crea
Imery than to make farm but ter for
On farms wvhere considerable
areas of cheap pa~sture~ lands are
available, or on farms wher-e large
amounts of rought feeds are pro
duced, beef cattle raising will yield
a goodl income to the man who will
give it his attention.
WINTEltING l)A IIY HIEIFElRS
Clemson College, D~ec. 19.-Since
milk can be manufactured only from
feeds consumied by the dlair~y cow, it
is of greatest advantage-to insure
the most economic production---to
have cows of the greatest feeding ea
pacity, says Prof. J1. P. La Master,
chief of the dairy dIivision, in d is
cussing the winter care of heifers.
Wit~h the greatly increased interest
in dairying in this state, his sug
gestions are most timely.
The methodl usedl and success oh
1itined ini developing the daiiry hei f
eris in the herd will dleterm inie the
future profits fromi the dairy husi
nes since in a fewv years these heif
ers will have become the milking
herd. In order to, make profitable'
cows from these hei fers it is neces
sa ry to dlevelop) them into large en
pac*ious animals. 'This can be done
best before the hecifers freshen for
the first time. Too many dairy heif
eras in South Carolina make fairly
Plilla in Red and 4ioid ,neallc
bor, sealed with liue Ribbon.
yearsknown aslest.,Safest, Always Rei >te
1.0n RV DlRilG0ITS EVERYWHFRE
good growth dtir ng the summer
season on pagtutre and then during
winter are hlrowed barely to main
tain this .growth, and in some in
stances to lose weight because . of
lack of attention an feed. The
heifers never get over tis stunt, -and
as a result they develop into small
Rstitons f6r Yearlings
During the winter the yearling
heifer should receive grain in addi
tion to hay and silage. A good ra
tion for yearlings weighing around
500 pounds is 18 to 20 pounds of
silage, 6 pounds of peavine hay, and
two pounds of grain per day. This
grain may be equal parts of corn
meal, cottonseed meal, and velvet
bean meal. If silage is not avail.
able, the heifers should receive more
hay, say 10 pounds per day, ana 3
pounds of the above grain mixture.
Heifers should not only maintain
the growth made during the sum,
nier but should gain stei ly durin
thbir second winter. They should
weigh at least 100 to 150 pounds
more the first of April than they did
the first of December. Under these
conditions they will grow off oit pas
ture and make considerably more
growth than when carried through
the winter on a mere maintenance
ration. Jersey heifers should weigh
If you are troubled with pains os
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age of urine, you will finC -elief in
The world's standard remedy for kidney,
liver, bladder and uric acid troubles and
National Remedy of Holland since 1696.
Three sizes, all druggists. Guaranteed.
Leek for the. name Gold ikeal on~ every box
aind accept no imitation
"TAKE GOOD ADVICE
lot of ti
pose is ha
Write ui for i~t of FRI
aui no subshtitutres" i
II YOURJIIOCAI DAE irI
to 800 pouhd at 24' to Aa
months. Guernsey heifers should
weigh 800 pounds, and Holstein
heiers 1000 to 1100 pounds when
28'to 30 months of sge.
Paving assessments for 1921 are due
and must be paid on or before the
1st January, 1922, also second in
stoment of town taxes are due rud
payable on or before 1st. of Jai .ary
T. L. BAGNAL#~
Clerk and Treasurer,
Town of Manning.
Notice of sale of property liable
for paving assessment, due and pay
able December 1920.
Pursuant to executions issued me,
a levy made for delinquent pavin
assessments, by the Town Clerk and
Treasurer. I will iell at public auc
tion at the Court House on salesday
in January, Monday, January 2nd,
1922 at 11 o'clock a. m. the following
lots of land in the town of Manning,
purchaser to pay for papers:
Sarah Boston, 1 lot on Railroad
Colored Presbyterian Church, 1 lot
on Dinkins Street.
Manning Library, 1 lot on Brooks
Mary Rose, 1 lot on Railroad
Louis Benbow, I lot on Railroad
F. E. Barron, 1 lot on Brooks
Mrs. E. C. Allsbrooks, 1 lot on
. Town of Manning.
NOTICE OF DISCHARGE
I will apply to the Judge of Pro
bate for Clarendon County, S. C., on
the 9th day of January, 1922, at 11
o'clock a. m. for Letters of Discharge
as Guardian for Fabian Broadway,
formerly a minor.
Pinewood, S. C., Dec. 5, 1921.
Bertha E. Broadway,
4ND SAVE A SOB-'BUY THE GRo
get a pleac
hen you find
-e odd jobs
ie lower grad
DID Wa T
>nly "good en
e right thing. (
te grade for the
if the skill of bi
too.) The ott
because it lasts
if you get the
trest retail yar
st advice. So w~
. '.PLANS fo rm bine -- ribut in the mea
omf your I lo lmbr dea ler -no0 maltter
177 Graham Building, Jacksony
- OTICE OF D1SCHARGE
I will ,a5plyit' the Judge of Pro
bite for Clarendon County, S. C. on
the 9th day of. Japuary, '1922, t 11.
6lock-a.,m. for Letteis of. ischarge
as Administrator of the Estate of .
D. Powell deceased.
Turbefie,. S. C., Dec. '1921.
D. k. ovell
pd. Administrator ,
Notice to Delinquent Tax Payers:
I will advertise in January for sale
in February all of the land that I
have - Ta*- . -cecutions gainst. Pe;-.
sonal prop1rtyI asd be levied v -s
on, and' sold. All of those that U
not paped their 1920 taxes come in
and pay them at once and save the
cost of advertising.
J. E. GAMBLE,
State, of South Carolina,
County of Clarendon.
In The Probate Court.
In Re-Estate of Melvina Griffin,
To Robert M. Griffin:
It appearing to the Court that you
have removed beyond the limits of
the State of South Carolina, for more
thhn ten consecutive months, you will
therefore TAKE NOTICE at you
are hereby required to appear in per
son, before the undersigned Yudge of
Probate, on the 23rd day of January,
1922, at the hour of 12 o'clock Noon,
to give an account of all yo e actings
and doings as guardian of thne Estate
of Melvin Griffin, minor.
. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED, that
you do show cause before me at the
said time and place why the Letters
of Guardianship heretofore issued to
you should not be revoked on account
of your change of domicile to a place
beyond the bounds of this State.
GIVEN under my hand and seal of
the said Court at Manning this 21st
day of November A. D. 1921.
J. M. Windham,
Judge of Probate,
47-6t-c. For Clarendon County, S. C.
DE THAT FITS 7E JCB'**
that for a
: given pur
ier half, of
d will give
itimne insist on "CYPRESS
or what purpose you buy.
I nsist on " tideM
you c'an idenftify
atio it by this mark:
PRESS LET US KNOW AT ONCE.