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voL. xLII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25 1922
NEW WORKING RUMS
HIT BY RAI. UNIONS
Committee of One Hundred Repre
senting Shop Crafts Order
TO ATTACK LABOR BOARD
1 All Shop Rules Which Cut Time and
One-half Pay for Extra Work
Chicago, Jan. 24.-Rejection of all
railroad shop rules, recently pro
mulgated by the United States Rail
road Labor Board, which cut time
and one-half pay for extra work
from the shopmen's wages was or
dered today by the committee of
one hundred, acting for the six
railway shop crafts.
* In a, circular issued to the 500,
000 shop wrokers in the country,
Ahe committee ot'dered new disputes
instituted with the railway man
agements immediately over these
rules, and failing an agreement,
the disputes, were ordered taken to
the labor board for hearing. The
circular was signed by the inter
national presidents of the six shop
Of the seven rejected rules, the
greatest dissatisfaction centered on
Rule 6, providing straight time for
regularly assigned work on Sun
days and holidays. This work was
previously paid for at time and one
half. The committee proposed a
d. substitute rule reinstating time and
The board's new rules covering
employes assigned to emergency
work and to fill temporary vacan
cies at outlying points were also
rejected by the committee because
they took away certain pay pro
visions contained in the old na
tional agreement made during fed
eral control. Under Rule 10, emer
gency employes are paid for time
worked in accordance with the
practice at the home station and
straight time for all time waiting
The union committee directed in
stitution of a dispute to reinstate
time and one-half and double time
to cover all time spent on the emer
gency assignment whether work
ing, waiting or traveling.
Similar provisions will be asked
in disputes to be created over rules
12 and 14, applying to men assigned
- to temporary vacancies at outlying
points and to men on road work
who leave and return to their home
The board's new rule allowing I
the carriers to require a proposal
examination for all applications for
employment was also remanded to
the system federations to re-nego
tiate with the individual roads. The
committee directed that the dispute
be instituted to have this rule modi
fied "in the interests of the em
Carpenter Rules Attacked
' Another important rule by wvhich
,the board madle it possible for the
roads to hire any man familiar wvith
, the use of tools as a car repairer
came under fire by the committee.
A new rule wvas proposedl over
which the carmcn are dlirected to
open negotiations. The proposed
rule would allow helpers and helper
apprentices with less than four
years' experience to be adlvancedl to
mechanic's grade, and if mnore. men
pro needed, men with experience in
the use of mechanic's tools could
be hiredl. This would eliminate the
hiring of any carpenter who hadl
not had mechanical experience.
Thirty-three other rules were ac
ceptedl ,subject .to the interpretation
which the committee placed upon
them and the remaining rules wecre
Some revision of certain of the
overtime rules were bal ia m
likely as they were found to permit
of different interpretations as they
stand at present. Railroad emi
cilse, however, dleclared there was
little likelihood of reinstating any
of time and one-half provilsons
wiped out by the board.
"NEW CURRENT HOURS
The Manning Electric Light and
Fuel Company announces that from
now on they will keep the current on
straight through the morning. This
anwounicement is of much Interest to
the housekeepers as It will enable
thin to use up-to-date cooking uten
MONDAY JANUARY 30
The Head Officers of the Co-opera
tive Tobacco Marketing Association
in Florence has been the scene for
real activity for the past week. Bund=
les of signed contracts arrive by
every mail, accompanied by settle
ments. These are classified and re
corded each day. Calls for blank con
tracts from the banks, business
houses and vo'luntary workers in the
field are constantly coming by mail
and wire. Requests for contracts
from ten different banks came in by
one mail last week.
Those who have not signed realize
that the time is very short for taking
advantage of joining on the same
basis as before Christmas. After Feb.
2nd the Campaign Committee's work
will be taken over by the Board of
Directors. If this body sees fit, they
can raise the price of admission as
has been done by some of the market
Each of the thousands of signers
in South Carolina has been sent a let
ter containing full instructions as to
the method of casting his vote on
January 30th for delegates, from his
The letter also carried a ballot con
taining the names of nominees for
delegates. These names were sug
gested by the respective county or
ganizations. The Clarendon county
ballot contains four names as follows:
C. R. Sprott, J. P. Buddin, A. J.
Plowden, D. R. DuBose.
Only two will be elected. This be
ing the number of delegates Claren
don county will be entitled to. The
signer is instructed to take this ballot
to his county Court House on January
30. It can be mailed to the County
Chairman in case of sickness.
A copy of the Tri-State Tobacco
Grower was also mailed from the
Florence headquarters to each signer
in South Carolina last week.
Each signer is urged to lay aside
all personal prejudice, and select the
very best and strongest men in his
county for delegates. This done, he
will be almost sure to get the best
men as permanent Directors.
It is hoped for and urged that each
signer will '.o his duty and attend his
county meeting on January 30. The
men you choose at this meeting will
help select men to handle n $100,000,
Each signer is urged to take with
him at least one or two 'new signers
to this meeting. These will be fur
nished ballots at the court House.
This is considered very important, for
every new signer eliminates that
much iobacco from competition with
the Association, besides every pound
added to the pool will help to lessen
the overhead expenses per pound.
Any one having not signed a con
tract, can get one at his bank, or from
his County Demonstration Agent, or
by dropping a postal to the Campaign
Committee, Florence, S. C.
TOBACCO ASSOCIATION NEWS
Elsewhere in this issue is a state
ment from the Organization Commit
tee regarding the election of the
Delegates who will name our Director.
I, therefore, will not go into detail
regarding this. I do want to add a
word though as to the importance of
members being present at the elec
tion. 'T'here are a number of matters
to be discussed, and we want a big
attendance at this-the first real
meeting-of our Association.. Of
course you can mail in your ballot,
but that will not take the place of
your personal attendance and parti
cipation in the proceedings. Let
every Tobacco Association member
be in Manning Monday.
W. R. Gray, Secretary.
HONOR ROLL MANNING SCHIOOL
1st. grade-Carl Barnes, Leland
Crouch, J. B. Cantey, Charles Snyder,
Billy Gray, Lila May Biradham, Leila
O'Bryan, JTack Stalnaker- Adv. 1st.
grade-J. B. Hlarvin, Imogene Ridgill,
2nd. grade-Louis A ppelt, William
Breedin, Frank Hluggins, Hugh A.
Plowden, Oliver Orvin, McLauren
Gamble, W. A. Mahoney, JTessie Plowv
3rd. grade-Frank Barnes, Delma
Bradlham, Wilma Bradham, Lucius
hlarvin, Eva McCall, Clarence Plow..
len, Myrtle Windham, Maude Wells,
IHelen Ennis, Marshall Creecy, George
Williams, Cooper Dickson, Maric Nim
4th. grade- Rosalie Weinberg,
Irances Harvin, Doris Coffey, Alma
Rawlinson, Frances McElveen, Har
riot PlowWn, Florine H~arhington,
Lila May Alsbrook, Dock Bradham,
5th. grade-,John Edwvard Arant,
F"rances Davis, George Dickson,
Vivian Katzoff, Ashley Rigby, Mary
6th. gradIe-Frances Coskrey, Hant
tie Alice Mahoney, Carol McKelvey,
Ashton Plowden, Muldrow Windham,
7th. gradle-Clarence Breedin, Lil
lian, Ervin, Rosa Geiger, Virginia
9th. gradle-Ruby Bullard, Margeni
Creecy, Mattie Horton, Sara Ellen Mc
10th. gradle-L~ily Emma Sprott.
11th. grade -. Bertha Johnson,
Isabel Plo vden, William Richardson,
Married last Wednesday by Judge
of Probate J. M. Windhmam, Mr.
Francis Marion Castine of Tur'beville
and Miss Lottie Leola Hlodge of For
TWENTY YEARS AGO
January 29th, 1902
Grover Cleveland is gunning near
Mr. and Mrs. S. I. Till have re
turned from Florida.
Mr. Ruthven 'Plowden of Foreston,
was in town Monday.
Mr. Fin Coffey is erecting a large
livery stable on Mill Street.
W. C. DuRant, Esq., was called to
Sumter this week on professional
Mr. and Mrs. Jas. B. Hudnal of
Kingstree, are visiting relatives in
Mr. W. H. Trescott has moved into
the house formerly occupied by Mr.
E. S. Ervin.
President Roosevelt and a number
of his cabinet will be in Charleston
Mr..S. R. Venning is building a neat
residence on Church Street, next to
Mr. W. G. King.
Dr. W. M. Brockinton and family
visited relatives in Kingstree, for a
few days this week.
Miss Julia Sprott, who is assisting
in the Bank, spent last Sunday at her
home in Jordan.
The many friends of Miss Annie S.
Harvin will be pleased to learn that
she is convalescing.
Mrs. F. Glenn Wells, nee Miss Mita
Brown, of Columbia, has been in town
this week visiting relatives and
DEATH OF MRS. WHEELER
Mrs. Hattie Wheeler, wife of Mr.
S. Wheeler, died Sunday, January
15th, 1922 at their home, Turbeville,
S. C., R. F. D. Her body was carried
to Midway Church Monday, January
16th, where it was laid to rest in the
Midway Cemetery. She was 54 years
old and her death came as such a
shock to her family and relatives as
she was sick only a few hours with
Mrs. Wheeler was a member of the
Presbyterian Church at Sardinia, and
was such a pure Christian woman that
she was greatly beloved by all who
knew her. She is survived by her
husband, her mother, Mrs. Sarah C.
Nelson, also nine children: John W.
Wheeler, Alcolu, I)r. S. E. Wheeler,
Columbia, Mrs. Olive Black, Turbe
ville, Miss Sadie Wheeler, Fort Mill,
Lawrence Wheeler, Charleston, Smith,
Louie, Hattie and Dick Wheeler all
of Turbeville, also a large circle of
relatives and friends.
SAMUEL P. OLIVER, JR. DEAD
Greeleyville, Jan. 22.-Wednesday
afternoon the sudden death of Samuel
P. Oliver, Jr., occurred. Mr. Oliver
had been sick for about one week, but
was able to be up on Monday, and his
friends thought he was better. Tues
day he became worse, but his condi
tion was not considered alarming un
til a few hours before his death. Acute
Bright's disease was the cause of
his deoath. He was in his twventy
sixth year and had spent most of
his life here. At the Lime of his
death he was bookkeeper for the
Mallard Lumber Company. lie wvas
a young man of splendlid character,
a memb~er of the P'resbyterian Church.
IHo was an active mom ber' of the Ma
sonic lodge, being treasurer of the
Four years ago he married Miss
Bettie Register. ,of this place. She
with a little dlaughter and a small
son, survives him. Heo is also sur
vived by his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
J. M. Oliver, a brother, C. H. Oliver,
of Duke, N. C., and three sisters.
Mrs. 1H. E. Dufant of Alcolu, and
Misses Itic andl Hennie Oliver.
The funeral services were con
dluctedl in the Presbyterian Church
by the pastor, the Rev. R. HI. Hatch
ford, assisted by the Rev. Grier, a
former pastor, nnd the Rev. M. F.
Dukes, pastor of the Methodist
Church, on Thursday morning at 11
o'clock. The Masons had charge of
the services at Mount Hope Ceme
DEATH OF MR. JAMES BURGESS
Died last Sunday at his home near
Martin's Lake, Mr. James A. Bur
gess. The deceased had been in ill
health for a great many years, and
the end was not unexpected. Mr. Bur
gess was a good Christian gentleman
and one of Clarendon's best citizens.
Hie is survived by one sister, Mrs.
Mason of Georgia and four children,
besides a .large family connection.
The remains were laid to rest in
Browlnoan enmery on Monta.
NOTES FROM KENTUCKY
Hogshead Leaf Trade
Louisville, Ky., Jan. 17.--Sales cf
tobacco on the Louisville market con
tinued heavy yesterday. Offerings
aggregated 768 hogsheads or 466 ol
burley. 269 new burley and 33 old
dark. There were 628 original inspec
tions and 140 on review. Today's
sales will open at the Louisville
Yesterday's sales included the fol
Tenth-street Wareiouse 20 new
burley, $16.75 to $32.50; 99 old bur
ley, $5.95 to (28.50; 12 old dark, $3.75
Louisville Warehouse, 62 new bur
ley, $3.60 to $39; 73 ol burley, $3
Turner Warehouse, 14 new burley,
$7.10 to $25.50; 65 old burley, $5.50
Kentucky Warehouse, 50 new bur
ley, T5 to $47.50; 86 old burley, $5 to
$34; 16 old (lark, $4 to $14.
Main Street Warehouse sold 31 new
burley at $6.90 to $22.50 and 66 old
burley $4.05 to $26.50. Planters
Farmers Warehouse sold 72 new bur
ley at $6.50 to $41.50 and 97 old bur
ley at $3.50 to I33.
Henderson, Ky, Jdn. 17.-A slight
improvement of tobacco prices was
noted on today's sale when 75,800
pounds sokd at an average of $13.92.
Best leaf sold up to 33 cents a
pound. Lugs and trash continue
strong and are holding up the aver
The slump in leaf which began two
weeks ago c ontinues. Buyers declare
the crop i st'rger than they antici
pated, and they filled many of their
orders before the holidays.
Tobacco is coming from Crittenden,
Hopkins, McLean and Livingston
Counties. Three-fourths of the crop
in Henderson, Union and Webster
has been marketed.
02 Is Lowest In iopkinsville
Hopkinsville, Ky., Jan. 17.-'-Tobac
co is pouring into the city from
every direction. Sales today aggre
gated 670,000 at $16.45 average.
Prices ranged $2 to $37. The tone of
the market is strong, with lower
grades showing an advance.
Owensboro Average Is $13.59
Owensboro, Ky., Jan. 17.-Tobacco
sales today on the Owensboro market
totaled 491,060 pounds of dark tobac
co at a general average of $13.59, a
slight increase over Monday's sales.
Sales for the entire season total 18,
541,405 pounds. The growers have
been paid $3,045,243.91.
28,520 Pounds at Cynthiana
Cynthiana, Ky., .Jan. 17.-Twenty
eight thousand five hundred and twen
ty pounds of tobacco was sold at the
LeBus warehouse here today at an
average of $21.17.
Leaf Prices .Jump Up
Henderson, Ky., .Jan. 20.-Tobacco
prices took a jump today over
Thursday, bringing $1.22 on the 100
pounds higher, when 106,840 pounds
sold at a $16.42 average.
It was the highest average for the
Best leaf sold up to 40 cents a
pound, lugs to 30, and trash to 12.
Heavy sleet here tonight will retard
delivery, it is believed.
To (late a total of 7,129,287 pounds
has been sold for $1,200,831.02.
Lexington Ayerage S$2l.88
Lexington, K~y., .Jan. 20. (A ssociat
edl Press) .-The Lexington tobacco
market remainedl steadly on the week's
closing sales today, 377,336 poundls
being disposed of at an average of
$21.88. The three wvarehouses hand
l ing the unpooled leaf wvill reopen for
sale.s Monday morning.
Carrollton Average $25.33
Carrollton, Ky., Jan. 20.-The
Gayle loose leaf house sold1 over the
floor todlay 45,655 pou~nds fr $1 1.
564.71, n verge f $25.33.
Hlogshead Leaf Tlrade
Louisville, Ky., Jan. 20.-00'ferings
of tobacco oni the Louisville breaks
yesterday included 142 new burley,
258 o1ld burley and I new dark. Of
these original inspections wvere 342
andl reviews 59.
The first sale Monday will be at
the Main-street house.
The Phmnters-Farnmers' Warehouse
sold 14 new burley at $12 to $28.50
and 75 01(1 burley at $4.50 to $27.50.
Tenth-street Warehouse, 15 new
burley $4.30 to $28.50; 175 01(1 bur
Icy 24.95 to $31.
Louisville Warehouse 100 new bur
ley $4.60 to $40; 50 01ld burley $3.50
Kentucky Warehouse 30 new bur
ley $6 to $28; 116 old burley $5 to
$30; 1 new (lark $5.70.
Main-street Warehouse 46 new bur
Iey $4.40 to $48.50; 74 01(1 burley $3
Planters-Farmers' Warehouse 45
new burley $6.10 to $41.50; 101 01(1
burley $4.45 to $28.50.
Low Grades Cause Price to Fall
Hlopkinsville, Ky.,. Jan. 20.-An
excess of low gradlos caused a drop in
tobacco prices today. Growecrs re
ceived $83.732 for ~228,365 pounds,
the averna-e nrie being- $14.7
BOLL WEEVIL MEETING
IlE lfIERE ON MONAY
Experts 'From Federal Department of
Agriculture And Soil Improve
ment Committee Address Claren
A small but interested group of
leadng Clarendon County farmers
greeted the boll weevil party whicl
arlrived in Manning Monday morning~
from Sumter, Thc party consiste<
of Director J. N. Harper of the Soi
Improvement Committee, J. O. Tayloi
of the United States Department of
Agriculture, F. H. Jeter and David
D. Long of Atlanta.
"How to beat the boll weevil an
grow cotton" was the main topic dis.
cussed. Results of the experiences of
practical farmers were presented
County Agent W. R. Gray presided.
Dr. J. N. Harper, the first speak
er, told of the cultural methods to be
employed in growing cotton undeI
weevil condition. le recommendet
early land preparation, use of good
seed from sonic standard early varie
ties but pointed out that the variety
should be one that would set its fruit
throughout the growing season. Dr
Harper discussed also the use of fer.
tilizers and told the best percentages
of the different plant food elements to
use. He stressed all the good methods
that promote earliness.
Mr. Taylor, government boll expert
dscussed controlling the weevil by
dusting with calcium arsenate. He
told of mistakes made by farmers
who had been unsuccessful in fighting
the weevil by his method and explain
ed the reason for failure. le es
pecially stressed the need of care in
using the method and gave specific
directions for making applications.
Mr. Long discussed soils in relation
to cotton production. He pointed out
also some of the mistpkes made in
fighting the weevil.
Mr. Jeter spoke briefly about how
some farmers in Georgia and Ala
bama had fought the weevil success
fully. lIe told of visits he had made
to these farms and the methods fol
lowed in whipping the pest.
DATES SET F'OR T Il E
It seems that all great reforms are
about by adversities. It is neces
sary for the public to be driven or
shocked into making any important
changes in their methods of living
and doing business. But after we
have made these changes we are led
to wonder how we ever managed to
get along under the old regime. I
ani thoroughly convinced that it will
be this way with our Co-operative
Marketing Systems. Statistics show
us that those countries and sections
that have adopted real co-operative
marketing are the prosperous places
Cotton appears to be one of the
crops that most readily adapts itself
to this form of selling, and now that
the weevil has cut down our produc
tion greatly, it is of the utmost im
portance that what we make is sold
to the best possible advantage. We
know that a farmer having several
hundred or a thousand bales of cot
ton can sell it to a better advantage
than can the fellow who has only a
few bales. Then why can not a real
selling agency controlling hundreds
of thousands of bales sell it still more
advantageously ? We believe that
this can and will be done.
Practically every cotton state in
the union is now preparing to market
its cotton in this way, and we do not
want to stand in the way of progress.
Meetings are being held this week at
which speakers will exnlain 'lhe Co
operative Marketing of Cotton. I
know that. we are all "fed up" on
meetings, but I hope that every farm
er will take the time to atttendl the
meeting nearest hii m. It may he
wvorth much to himi.
Meetings wvill he held at thle follow
Iinmg places :---Sardin ia, 7 :30t Thursday
night.; Oakdale, lFriday at 11; ,New.'
Zion, F'riday at 3; .Jordan, F'ridav at
11 , and D~avis Station, F"riday at. 2:30;
Turbeville, Saturday at 3 o'clocnk.
W. R. G;ray, Count-y Agent.
EXTEN1)5 C7LUII F*EATl'FR
Thle local Post of the American
Legion has completedl plans wvher-eh
men not eligible to memibe'-ship in thec
oirganiztationi are to he permitted the
use of its club roonms. Such iimn are
to lbe asked for at contribution of
$5.00 per year and will be given in
return a card entitling them to free
use of the pool1 roomi, reading room,
shower baths and other- club facilities
miaintainedl by the Post.
Williamis-.Hurgess Post now has
spacious andl convenient club rooms
oni the second floor of the Manning
Uardware bu ilding and it. is intended
to improve themi as fast as the work
ing of the present plan affordls the
The nmembers of the Post feel that
it wvill be a benefit to the towvn to thus
Open its club to other citizens and
at the same time it is hoped that
through the co.-oper-ative and contri
butions of all the citizen.' of Manning
to have a Legioa Post of which the
community will be proud.
Mr. TI. HT. Stuikes now has a supply
of the cards to be used and asiks that
other Legionnaires call upon him for
Cynthiana Leaf Market
Cynthiiana, K:'., Jan. 20.-The Lebus
Warehouse todlay sold 1%5456 pounds
of tobacco at an average of $22.22 a
CALLS FARM MEETING
ICE CREAM PARTY
South Carolina Man Proopses Ap
ppointment of Committee on
SEES JAB AT FARM BLOC
Cut and Dried Program Charged by
J. S. Wannamaker; Open
Washington, Jan. 24.-The Na
tional Agricultural Conference which
was opened here yesterday with an
address by President Harding got
clown to work on details this after
noon when the committees appointed
at the first session held their first
meetings. The morning was given
over to an open session marked by
addresses by Eugene Meyer, Jr.,
managing director of the War Fin
ance Corporation; G. F. Warren, of
Ithaca, N. Y., who has just complet
ed a study of European conditions;
Wesley C. Mitchell, New York econo
mist, and Herbert Myrick, of Spring
field, Mass., editor of Farm and Home.
Another open session is to be held to
The first signs of differences in
the conference appeared after the
defeat today of a motion by J. S.
Wannamaker, of South Carolina, for
appointment of a committee on reso
lutions. This motion was defeated
on the ground that the committees
I already appointed were expected to
Mr. Wannamaker issued a formal
statement later ,attacking the con
ference and declaring "about all
the farmers and farm leaders have
to do in this conference is to shake
hands with the President, meet.
some oflicial dignitaries and par
take of a little ice cream and cake
and then go home."
"Selection of committees has been
made in such a manner," Mr. Wan
namaker said "as to suggest that.
those responsible for such serv
ice are either totally ignorant of
the qualifications of the delegates
or have lent themselves to a cut
and dried and well backed scheme
to prevent the forward-looking farm
er represent:tives from bringing any
good whatever from out of the con
lie was "confident," he continued,
that it was "the purpose of those
responsible for the conference to
destroy the farm bloc."
"The l'resident's address in open
ing the conference," he cont inued,
"indicated very clearly that such
was the purpose."
Behind Closed Doors
The committee meetings this aft
ernoon were held behind closed
doors. It was expectel they wvould
be occupied chiefly today with or
gan iza tioni and, perha ps, prelim i
nary surveys of the woIrk assignied
to the.lttTwt'lelve major comm0)ittees
:mod their chairmuen were apjpointeud
yesteorday i and these were explect ed
to divide themselves it a numbnter
of suibcommittees to work outt de
ta ils (If their various a ssiginment s.
I I'robaby one qutest ion~ int which
lie delegaLts are as a whtole inter
estedl is that of cotmmoi~d ity fintane -
ing. Otne member (If the commit tee
otn atgricutltural credit antd insur--.
itnce, wvhich htas thtis subject. undoer
considlerat ion, suggested a plani
prtobably coutld be wvorked out to
ptrovide for commod~ttity loants run
nintg from six months tol three years.
lIIis proposition wvould provide for'
t he grading and inspection otf com -
mtodities, endtorsemnent of ccomo l]ityv
papiler prtesen ted by farmers by thei
local banks and the handling of this
paper through the Fedleraul Farm
Loan Bank system, whicht w'oul
either dliscount it through the fed
eral reserve system or issue dleben
tures against tihe loans in the fotrm
of certificates of indebtedlness to
bte sol on thte open market.
CIVIC LEAGUE TE~A
Mrs. J1. A. Weinberg gave the first
of the chain of tea for the Civic
League on last Wednesday aiftetnoon.
About forty ladies were present and
rook was played during the tafter
noon. First prize was wvon by Mrs.
Leon Weinberg and consolatioin was
won by Mrs Scott Hiarvin and Mrs.
English Plowden got the booby.
After the game coffee with sand
wiches was served by the hostnes