Newspaper Page Text
Open Forum for Expres
sions for or Against Co
STAGED IN WILSON
Manager Sands, President Norwood,
Officials and Meners of Tobacco
The world's largest Co-operative
Marketing Association entered the
world's largest tobacco market at
Wilson, N. C., on Saturday, July 8th,
markin gthe climax of the whirlwind
campaigns in the Carolinas which
have resulted in a ten thousand in
crease in membership for the Tobacco
Growers' Co-operative Association
withi:i the past ten weeks.
Oliver J. Sands, Executive Manag
er of the Asociation of 75,000 tobacco
growers addressed the mammoth mass
meeting of tobacco growers, merch
ants and bankers from Eastern Caro
More than a thousand contracts a
week have been pouring steadily into
Raleigh headquarters and mark the
successful campaign which continues
in South Carolina, Virginia and East
ern North Carolina.
The recent statement of C. C. Car
rington, President of the United
States Tobacco Association, that the
Tobacco Growers Co-operative Asso
ciation is now grown into a formid
able rival to the independent dealers
and warehousemen, has been followed
by some of the most hostile advertis
ing which has yet appeared in opposi
tion to the organiel growers.
This opopsition is stirring the grow
ers to redouble their efforts, and more
than 600 contracts from Virginia
have come in since the recent meet
ings at South Boston, Chatham, Gret
na, Burkeville, Amelia and Drakes
Branch and Bedford, where Senator
Borah, Oliver J. Sands, J. Y. Joyner,
Joseph M. Hurt and other leaders of
the big Co-operative addressed thou
sands of growers.
Severely arraigning the men who
have fostered rumors that extravag
ant salaries are paid the officials of
the Marketing Association, Oliver .J.
Sands, Executive Manager has au
thorized the following statement:
"There are some people so selfish
and narrow-minded that they cannot
believe that there are business men
living in Virginia, North Carolina and
South Carolina who are willing to de
vote their time and talents to the
service of the people and their states.
"These people have stated that. I
am receiving large compensation for
my services. This I dny. I am work
ing in this wholy because I believe
it will be of great benefit to our peo
ple, and I know that if we help the
farmer who help all the people.
I will receive reward in personal
satisfaction and in the same manner
as every other merchant and banker,"
says Mr. Salnds who asked "Why is
it that Co-operative Marketing is in
Creasing andl growing wvherever it has
been triedl ?" an pv lointing out that a
few years ago three hundlredl mililon
dollars of products were marketed
through co-operative associations, andl
that this year more than one billion
(dollars wotrth of farm products wvill
be sold by co-operative associations.
With 58 per cent of the tobacco
criop of South Ca roli na on signed c'on
tracts liste(d by growers, by poundls,
and c11ares at Ra leigh headbua rter'is of
the Tobacco Griowvers' Co-opeirative
Association, otlicials of the organized
tobacco gr'owe rs here yesterada ydis..
counted( the r'epoirt of indlependlent
warehousemen that only 263 per cent
of the South Cairolina cr'op wvas signed
with the Association.
Hu nd reds of' unew ('ontria'ts aririv ing
dla ily from SouthI Car~ol ina are push
ing the large mzajority membership of
the' big produLcing ,counties to higher
percentage each week. Williamsbur'g
county no0w passes a 90 per c"'nt sign
up, F'lore'nce county is steadlily chimn
ing from 8(0 to 00' per cent, andl Dar
liungton county wvhiich signed over a
hundired growers ini the last few (lays
is close to the three-quarter mark.
Robe(sonl county sent in 72 contracts
in a single dany last week and is now
close to a 90 per cent membership.
D)ON" I' BIA ME WAltEIIOIJSE MEN
In reference to an editorial which
recently apeparedi in the Wilson, N. C.,
Times, Trhe Bedford Bulletin, publish
ed at Bedford, Va., comments as fol
"While the editor of the Times is
evidently opposedl to the plan of Co
operative marketing, he gives expres
sion to some thoughts which will be
well for members of the growers as
sociation to keep in mind and give
serious consideration. This question
of marketing tobacco, or any other
crop for that matter, is a business
-nronnaition. nd t Is the vight and
privilege of every grower to follow
the auction plan or the co-operative
plan, and the advocates of either will
make a mistake if any effort is'made
to force or coerce those on the op
posite side to accept their plan. We
believe that co-operative selling is
best for the growers in the long run,
and that it will be wisdom on the part
of the growers to join the organiza
tion and all work together so as to
obtain the best results, but we have
no quarrel with the independent man
who believes that he can obtain fair
crices for his tobacoc by seliing it at
auction on the warehouse floor. If
that is his best judgment he has the
right to follow it, and only harm will
result if any attempt is made to
force him into the organization. The
grocers /association can succeed only
through the willitig and volunteer co
operation of al lits members, by the
enthusiasm and intelligent labor of
men who really believe in it, and to
accept as members growers who do
not think the plan can succeed is
to invite sure disaster. To bring the
independent in and make of him a
helpful, useful member he must be
convinced by intelligent appeal to his
judgment and by demonstration of the
soundness of the co-operative selling
plan, and not be threats and intimi
dation, for if the latter method is
used he will never be a friend to the
"And the same conditions apply to
the warehousemen, for they, too, have
a perfect right to continue in business
and accept for sale under the auction
plan any tobacco offered by the inde
pendent grower. No attempt should
be made to force them to close. Time
will settle the question for them, and
settle it according to the judgment of
the majority of the growers, for if
the association, through good leaLer
ship and efliciency, demonstrates that
co-operative selling is best for the
growers' there will be no further
trouble in inducing independents to
join; they will come in of their own
"The editor of the Times says that
Mr. Sapiro, during the recent cam
paign in North Carolina, sought to
prejudice the growers against the
owners of warehouses who had an
nounced that they would open for
business this year as usual. We
know nothing about this, but if Mr.
Sapiro or any other member of the
organization, made the charge that
the warehousemen have in the past
been unfair to the growers we wish to
give it as our opinion that such a
charge cannot honestly be made
against the warehousemen of this
county, whatever may have been the
case in North Carolina. We have had
considerable business dealing with
warehouse owners here and know
something of their rc~atioiis with the
farmers of Bedford, and in our opin
ion they have done everything pos
sible to insure the grower the best
possible price for his product and have
extended him every aid in their pow
er. The association so far as Bed
ford is concerned has no quarrel with
the warehousemen; their relations
have been cordial and fair; it is only
the auction system to which they ob
ject, andl genuine regret is felt by
members of the organization that in
the change to co-operative marketing
the wvarehouse owners may suffer busi
ness loss. Tfhe association has leased
one of the local warehouses, and the
other, for the aceoemodation of the
independlent growers, has dlecidied to
openf when the selling season starts
this fall, and we strongly adlise mem
hers of the organization to keep their
heads uand not atte-mpt in any way to
force it to (close. The owners have a
perfect and moral right to continue in
business if condlitions justify them in
keeping open. The two systems of
selling, co-operative and auction, will
be tested out in close proximity to
eac-h other, andl each wvill stand or fall
on its merits 0r dlemer-its. If co
op~erative selling is the better way,
and( we believe it is, it has nothing to
f'!ar from competition, hut should
"I was weak and run-down,"
relates Mrs. Eula Burnett, of
Dalton, Ga. "I was thin and
Just felt tired, all the time.
I didn't rest well. I wasn't
ever hungry. I knew, by
this, I needed a tonic, and
as there Is none better than
The Woman's Tonic
. . , I began using Cardui&
continues Mrs. Burnett.
"After my first bottle, t slept
better and ate better. I took
four bottles. Now I'm well,
feel Just fine, eat and sleep,
my skin is clear and I have
'gained and sure feel that
Cardul is the best tonic ever
Thousands of other womenM
have found Car4ui Just as
1 Mrs. Burnett did. It sjpuld
? At all druggists.
rathpr be glad that the opportunity
is afforded of demonstrating that it.
is better for the grower to pool his to
bacro than sel lat auction, for if this
can be done it will be the surest way
of bringing al Ithe growers in."
JULY FARM CALENDAR
Continue intensive cultivation of
cotton for weed control.
Begin now to prepare land for
sowing alfalfa in September. Use
only strong productive land for
Clean up terraces and turnrows.
Make sure you have forage enough
planted to supply hay for next year.
This is a good time to check up
on farm records and inventories to
see what it is costing to produce
Don't neglect to plant a fall crop
of Irish potatoes.
Remove diseased limbs from fruit
trees. This is especially necessary
immediately after harvesting the
Make your plans now for planting
fruit trees and grape vines next fall.
Do not neglect to spray apple
trees for the control of bitter rot.
Remember that grape vines should
be sprayed after the fruot has been
harvested to insure better fruit next
Breed al lsows not previously set
tIed for fall litters.
Breed beef cows for spring calves.
Mowv over pastures to prevent
wveedls from seeding.
See that livestock has plenty of
shade and wvater.
Destroy all stagnant pools now
used as mudl wallows.
Clean out the fence rowvs around
pastures and barnyards.
Keep manure hauled out to pre
vent fly breeding.
As soon as pigs wveigh 50 pounds,
have them treated for cholera.
Accumulate as much hay for win
ter' as possible.
Make use of pastures for idle
horses and mules and thus save grain.
Keep milk cows out of swamps,
pastures with stagnant ponds or
creeks. Clean drinking wvater is
necessary. Stagnant water usually
carries bacteria wvhich produce ropy
milk and other undesirable condi
Give cows on pasture access to
salt every day. T1hey need about
one ounce per (lay.
Use a fly repellant on your cows.
Good1 cows will pay for it.
Do not turn cows on pastures with
no shade trees (luring the middle of
Save seedl from clean plants for
next year's planting of tobacco,
watermelon, cucumber, muskmelon,
Clean up the peach orchard after
G. C. COOPER,
Care fully Examined,
Glasses Fitted, IBroken
SUM~T ER., S. C.
piecing, collecting and burning 'or
burying rotted peaches, and if pos
sible, trimming out and burning all
dead or cankered twigs.
Treat the stens of all watermelons
in the car to prevent rot en route.
Avoid pasturing or growing hay
on wilt-infested watermelon fields
after the melon crop is removed.
Plant a rust resistant variety of
beans for the fall.crop.
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RAISE SEED AT HOME
Clemson Colege, July 11.-There
are a great many serious plant
diseases which are still unknown or
uncommon in South Carolina. It is
very important to South Carolina
agriculture ' that they remain so. In
order to prevent the introduction of
these diseases farmers should, when
ever possible, save their own seed,
selecting for this purpose the
choicest plants in the crop.
The Botany Division intends, from
time to time, to call attention brief
ly to some of the crops of this state
which can be protected from foreign
diseases by the use of home-grown
One of the most important of
these is tobacco. Tobacco is sub
ject to the wildfire diseases and to
angular leaf spot, both of which are
serious diseases regularly carried on
the seed. It is also subject to the
Granville wilt and a number of other
diseases capable of being spread in
the same way. Anyone who secures
aced from outside sources runs the
risk of introducing serious diseases.
It is not difficult to raise tobacco
seed. A few plants, if allowed to
mature th:ir seed, will produce
enough to plant a crop. Get a good
strain of tobacco and raise your
own seed from your own choicest,
healthy plants. I If this is carefully
done, your varieties will not "run
out" and you will not introduce new
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HOW TO FIX FOR
PLANTING FALL POTATOES
Cle. "Con College, July 11.-The
greatest difficulty in the growing of
a second crop over that of a spring
crop is the defective stand, which
may be overcome by employing the
careful planting and cultural methods
necessary at this season. The fall
or second crop of potatoes may fol
low the spring crop or any crop that
is off the ground by the first of
July. Planting after the spring crop
is especially desirable, as "volunteer".
plants from the first crop will add to
the stand of the second crop.
Soils.-This crop delights in and
grows and produces to perfection on
a rich sandy loam soil underlaid by
a clay subsoil retentive of moisture.
However, the absence of such a soil
should not be a hindrance in the
growing of Irish potatoes for home
consumption, as they adapt them
selves to a great diversity of well
Preparation of Soil.-Thorough
preparation can not be stressed too
much. This consists of thorough and
deep turning, followed immediately
by harrowing until a thoroughly
pulverized seed-bed is formed. Rnv';
or deep furrows, 3 to 3 1-2 feet a
part, should be laid off and well
thrown out, using either a turn
plow or a shovel-plow.
Fertilizers.--Both barnyard ma
nure andi commercial fertilizers are
used, but the former must be well
rottedl and judiciously applied:
otherwise, scab and similar diseases
may result. In the use of commer
cial fertilizer, a complete mixture,
phosphoric acid 8 to 9 percent,
nitrogen 4 to 5 per cent, and potash
4 to 6 percent, is advised. The
fertility and physical condition of
the soil should determine the amount
of the application.
Barnyard manure, if used, should
be applied broadcast, 8 to 10 tons
per acre, and thoroughly disced into
Sur plus i
'T. M. MOUZON. Cas
There are quite a number of reasons why you.
should buy your vacation Clothes right now.
Here are just two:
The picking is best now.
You get naturally a wider choice than you would
when lines are broken later on. The suit that I
matches your ideas exactly is to be had now.
Then, any day you may want to wear it. The
fabrics are so substantial there's another season's
wear assured anyway. Buying now you get the
Every kind of cloth .that's smart and durable
and adapted to warm weather wear is shown in
our models for this season.
Therefore we advise looking, not later, but now.
PALM BEACHES, MOHAIRS, TROPICAL
WORSTEDS, GABARDINES. PRICED
$10.00 TO $25.00
Dry Goods Company,
SUMTER, S. C.
the soil. In the use of commercial Substitutes for this may be. such
fertilizer, it is best to apply in the spring varieties as the Cobbler and
drill, using 800 to 1500 pounds per the Early Rose, each of which is
acre depending upon the strength good but neither of dhich is nearly
o fthe soil ,and thoroughly mix with no good for the fall crop as the Look
the soil; otherwise, a poor stand out Mountain.
may be obtained as a result or the This crop should be planted f
contact of fertilizer and tubers. July 10 to about August 1 depend
Varieties and Time of Planting.|- ing upon climatic conditions of the
Of the many varieties suitable for section in which it is to be grown
fall planting the Lookout Mountain warmer climates calling for later
is usually recommended as being the planting. Fall varieti': amount to
best and most popular in South Caro- vry little1whe plute otf
lina, not because of its superior table ~noadti sepcal reo
quality but by reason of its goodthLoku Munan vre.
yied idexcllerikeeingqulit.btitesfor thsry . sc
R e m tsprnmvrete asth 60bera
themati Rse, each of which
igooht eThe org of dheicner
aso gockd fo he oy flimpin andLo
d , ~~ hsuf ropsul benfoad psned see rom*
the comon grmti ound tions ofrtheed
ayoy ar? .S.. soeotheasetileong hch s to e r own
w-arer lmts cllnto ae
-eloodpreskon, and thsi se iayteo
thnlindentsk are Mutain vaet..
yildan bxelt epn ul. "B etter s tango h sorry.eh.
Rheumars abloenihIt b6ih0
Rheumatism omonpa usesan
Ismebt odysmeoers motferneto
eonghti Motedher iof o ca mat
ouffrnt to rdbtf of She.S.yu se lfu
suert somelbeodn to thfsarmil Doill4
Sombody cearotlo S. S. . onowh
It iswacomeb~ody's mother n eel
flew glorlons you will feel, mother, fuft0 aantnght. Ma be, maybe
when your rheumatIsm is all gone. LeS all rug stoor two 8 ssl at
9.8.8. do St. It wil build you up, toot. larger size Is the more econornicaL. J
ink of Mannirng
* .. .. $40,000.00
nd Profits . .100,000.00
)SEPH SPROTT, President.
hier. - : JAMES M. SPROTT,,.Asst. .Cash~rr.