Newspaper Page Text
UST OF BIRDS Of
(By E. von S. Dingle.)
(Continued from last week.)
Finches, Sparrows, Grosbeaks, Etc.
60. Purple Finch. A rather rare
but regular winter visitant; generally
seen, however, in March and April. It
is nearly 6 1-2 inches in length; the
male is rose red .and the female a
grayish-brown,-sparrow-like bird. This
Finch frequents deciduous trees, the
buds of which it feeds upon. The
male has a very loud, warbling song.
61. House Sparrow or English
62. Coldfinch. Abundant in winter.
The male is bright yellow in summer,
with black crown, wings and tail: the
female is grayish-brown, with black
wings and tail. In winter the male
resembles the female; as the birds re
mAin until the middle or last of May,
the male has acquired his summer
plumage before departing. The Cold
finch is found in small flocks and feeds
Ineptly on the ground. It's length is
about 5 inches.
Q3. Pine Siskin. The only record
I have for this bird was made on Jan
uary 15th, 1909, when six spgpimens
Were sean. This is an inhaniltan ?f
tle .northeri states and Canada; i
winter it wanders S9uth, but its ap
pearane here is very irregular. It
is about 5 inches in length: its grayish
Arotvn plumage is heavily streaked
and there Is a yellow patch on the
wing and one at the base of the tail,
64. Vesper Sparrow or Bay-winged
Sparrow. Length about 6 inches;
brownish gray above and white below
heavily streaked: a reddish brown
patch on the "shoulder." This bird is
fopmd in fields ip Winter, can always
be identified when flushed by the
white outer tail feathers which flash
cohspicuously. The Vesper Sparrow
remnins here from late September to
the middle of April, and is entirely sil
ent while in this locality.
65. Savanna Sparrow. Another
winter bird, which resembles the pre
ceding, but is smaller and lacks the
reddish "shoulder." It has a yellow
spot before the eye. In flight there is
a marked similarity between the two
birds, but the Savanna Sparrow has
no white tail feathers.
66. Grasshopper Sparrow. This
little bird is a winter visitant; it lives
in grassy fields, but is not often seen,
on account of its terrestrial habits
and timid ways. Its breast is light
buff and unstreaked.
67. White-throated Sparrow. This
handsome bird is probably our most
abundant Sparrow; it is found in this
county from October 24th to about
May 17th. It is seen in flocks, gen
erally on the edge of woods, often in
gardens. The white-throat is nearly
7 inches in length and its !lor is as
follows: - upper parts reddish brown,
streaked with black and buffy; wings
and tail grayish brown, the former
with two white bars; a yellow spot be
fore the eye; a white line over the
We are showing New I
Dresse sin Canton Crepe,
The very latest and r
COAT SWLaATERS in al
shades, all sizes.
Large and Small hats,
fectS, turbans and novelt3
Navy, Sand, Flame, Gra:
Next to P. 0.
eye and one through the center of the
black crown; a square white patch on
the throat; sides of the head and
breast bluish gray; under parts white.
Immature birds are paler and brown
er. The white-throat sings on sunny
days during the winter.
68. Chipping Sparrow. About
5 1-2 inches in length; top of the
head reddish brown; a gray line over
the eye and a black one through it;
back brown and black; under parts
whitish, bill black. The Chippy pre
fers to nest in scrub oaks and often
builds around dwelling houses. Its
nest is round and compact, being
built of grass and always lined with
herso hair. This bird is a permanent
69. Field Sparrow. This bird re
sembles the Chippy, but can be dis
tinguished from it by its reddish
brown bill and redder back; Its also
lacks the black line through the eye.
The Field Sparrow inhabits grass land
where there is a scattered growth of
bushes. It places its nest on the
ground in high grass or under bushes,
sometimes in a low bush. It is a per
70. Junco or Snowbird. Abundant
from October to mid April. Upper
parts and breaat grayish slate color;
under barts white. Tail black, two
outer feathers white, bill flesh color:
nearly 6 1-2 inches in length.
71. Bachman's Sparrow. A com
mon permanent resident in open pine
woods. It places its nest on the
ground, and conceals it so skillfully
that the only way to discover it is by
watching the bird. The nest is
arched over like that of the Partridge
or Meadowlark. This Sparrow is a
plain brownish bird with a buffy, un
72. Song Sparrow. This Sparrow
inhabits ditch banks and thickets near
water. Its call note, a sharp chip, is
uttered incessantly. It is a very
heavily streaked bird, with a large
dark patch on either side of the throat
and one on the center of the breast;
winters. October to April.
73. Fox Sparrow. Largest of the
Sparrows. Nearly 7 1-2 inches in
length. Bright reddish brown; under
parts white with reddish brown
'all Merchandise. Ladies'
Poiret, Twill and Trico
ewest SLIP-OVER and
the latest styles and
drooping brirns, soft ef
shapes in Black, Brown,
r, Henna and Purple
SUMTER, S. C.
tttititttim mm nannmm
Mtrdeks. It is a wirter bird, and 'is
'4. Red. eyed Towhee., Also called
Jorei. A commont bird in winter:
75. White-eyed Towhee. Siihidar
to the preceding, but with the eye
white; the two birds, can be distin
guished in life at close range. The
White-eyed Towhee is a permanent
resident and nests commonly. It
builds a bulky nest and places it in
jessamine vines or bushes, never high
er than - five feet up. Three or four
white eggs, speckled with red, com
prise a set.
76. Cardinal or Redbird. Too fa
miliar to require description.
77. Blue Grosbeak. Smaller than
the Cardinal., -Deep. bliue in color,
with a reddish brown patch on the
wing; -female plain grayish brown;
bill very heavy like that of the Carte
dinal. The Grosbeak is a summer
resident and,,nests, It inhabits wet
land where there is a scattered growth
78. Indigobird. About 5 1-2 inches
in length. Male rich blue in color,,
female grayish brown. It prefers
swampy thickets and wet, bush-grown
land. It ja a summer resident, and
79. Summer. Tanager or Summer
Redbird. Length 7 1-2 inches; male
entirely rose red in color, female
greenish yellow. The Tanager is a
bird of the trees; it is common in
groves around houses and also in open
pine woods vhere scrub oaks grow.
The nest is built of grasses and is so
frail that the eggs may often be seen
through its walls. It is generally
placed in a scrub oak about ten feet
up, and the eggs, which number 3 or
4, are greenish blue with brown
blotches. The call.noto of the Tanager
resembles the words "chickytuk."
0. Purple Martin. This familiar
bird is universally known.
81. Barn Swallow, This bird is
known by its deeply forked tail, stpel
blue upper parts and reddish under
parts. It is smaller than the Martin.
It occurs here during spring and fall,
from late March to late May and from
July to September.
82. Rough-winged Swallow. Not
as common as the preceding: it is
plain brown in color with white under
parts; also a transient visitant.
83. Cejarhird or Cedar Waxwing.
Large flocks of these birds are found
here during the winter and as late as
84. Loggerhead Shrike. Abundant
permanent resident. This bird preys
upon small birds in winar, when other
food is scarce. It has the habit of
impaling its prey upon thorns or
barb wire fences.
Vireos. These are small greenish
birds, averaging about 5 1-2 inches
in length. They are strictly foliage
haunting, and prefer deciduous trees.
Their food consists mostiy of insects.
85. Red-eyed Vireo. This bird is
plain green above and whitish below;
crown gray, a white line over the eye.
Its nest, as well as those of all the
Vireos, is suspended from the fork of
a small limb; it is made of strips of
bark, cane leaves, etc., wound with
spider web, and is generally placed
from five to twenty-five feet up. The
Red-eyed Vireo is a summer resident,
March to September.
86. Yellow-throated Vireo. Hand
somert of our Vireos; throat and
breast bright yellow. It prefers the
tallest trees and places its. nest far
from the ground. Its song is richer
in tone than that of the preceding;
87. Blue-headed Vireo. Head
bluish-gray, line from bil to eye and
ring, white. This bird is fairly com
mon in winter, and its song can be
heard in April before the migration,
while With us, the Blue..headed Virco
inhabits thick woods and heavy
88. White-cyed Vireo. Known by
its white eye. It prefers wet thickets,
the nest is placed -generally from 1 1-2
feet to 5 ieot from the ground, and
can be distinguished from that of the
Red-eyed Virco by the green lickens
on the outside. The White-eyed re
mains from March to October.
Wood Warblers. All the -birds of
this family are small; they vary from
4 3-4. inches to 7 1-2 inches in length
and, as a rule, are very brightly col
ored. Most of them are arbored. Few
of them rank high as songsters. Trhey
are insect-eating birds andl are high
ly migratory. *Twenty-two species oc
cur in Clarendon County and of these,
ten have been found to breed.
89. Black and White -Warbler.
Known by its black and white striped
plumage; it climbs around -tree trunks
after the manner. of the -woodpecker,
but, unlike that bird, does not-use its
tail as a support. It is found from
late March to the middle of May and
from early July to late -October.
'90. Prothonotary Warbler. .Head
and under parts -deep orange,.- back
grenish, wings "and tail gray. This as
a bird of theodeep woods and swamps
whore there is an abundance of standr.
ing water; it.nest Is placed in a detid
tree or in a stump standing in water.
This Warbler's song iS very loud and
sharp, and resembles the words,
"tweet, tweet, tweet, tweet." It is
a summer resident.
91. Swainson's Warbler. A bird of
deep woods where the cane grows in
abundlance. Its nest is generally
placed in canes a few feet from the
ground; the eggs are white. This
Warbler is plain olive-brown on its
upper~ parts, and whitish on the
breast; there is a white line over the
eye, and the crown is cinnamon red.
9)2. Worm-eating Warbler. A
rather rare. bird, seen only in April
andl September. It is known by its
black and buffy striped crown.
93. Parula Warbler. Very com
mon in summer Wvhere there is an
abundance of "Spanish" moss; it
places its nest only in the bunches of
moss, and where this plant does not
grow, the Parula Warbler is absent.
Its plumage is bluish-gray, with two
white wing bars and a green patch in
the middle of the back; the throat and
breast are yellow; in the center bf
the latter is a black or brown mark.
94. Cape May Warbler. One re
cord, April 27, 1910.
95. Yello* Warbler. Rare spring
visitant. Its color is mostly bright
yellow, and the breast -is s treanked
James J. Storrow, Fuel Ad
setts during the We 4t
during the -present coal sin
wanrgiig against dra*hig o
until absolutely ieciairy
following suggestions, ame
"Don't burn a pound of coal
"Cook and heat water for y<
sene stove or gas stove. l
heater. It is handy. It is che
from room to room. It will
will' perhaps keep you out of
"Cooking by kerosene stov
is more comfortable during
"Kerosene can be bought ai
and heaters can be bought
probably any house fetriaish
try store in the state."
The coal shortage is alrea
venience. How much actua
will cause next winter no o
expedient thing to do is to
now have by cooking and
Tens of thousands of famili
coal by burning Aladdin S
kerosene. If you need a c(
the improved Perfection li
with brown. is strictly terrestrial,
96. Black-throated Blue Warbler. Its back, wingsi an
Common in spring, but rare in fall. green-; under parts
rhe male is bluish-gray in color; the with black; crown pal
aides of the head, throat, breaht and bordered on each sid(
sides black; rest 'of the under parts 104. Water ThruE
white; a white spot on the wing. The and the next are also
female is plain olive-green, but has upon the ground, nE
also the white wing spot. ponds. The Water
97. Myrtle Warbler. Very abun- here in spring and fa
dant 'in winter. Remains as late as olive brown in color,
May 2nd. It is mostly bluish-gray' low line over the eye
in color, but has a yellow spot -on top under parts, streake<
of the head, one on the lower back, 105. Louisiana
and one on either side of the breast.s Similar in color to tl
98. Blackpooel Warbr'er. Fairly under parts white.
common in May. -As its name indi- rare summer residen
eates, the crown is black; the sides of on June 24, 192101 i
the head white; -upper-parts gray and ing a young 'bird.
lower parts white. both streaked with banks of running str
99. Yellow-throated Warbler. Corn- 106. Kentucky Wa
mon In sunmemr. Like the- Parula summer -resident;. h1l
Warbler, this bird 'also nests in iidas. ber. of young birds,
It is a high ranging bird and prefers nest, and on June 1
the oak trees. . nest contining -fou
100. Pine - Warbler. Abundant Warbler places itikne
throughout the year in pine woods; it in wet woods. The <
is very seldom seen in other than 'a is as ;follows: -uppe
pine tree. 'It ranges high-and its neat olive green; crown,:
is .often placed .in a tall pine- in col.. eye and sides of thr<
or, the bird is- plain green ani yellows parts yellow; line .i
101. Palm Warbler. Comnion from .ring yellow."" Its *.
September- to late. . April.>- Prefera sembles the -words,
fields and open land. The top of rthe wheeg ter-whee," is a
head is reddith -brown; it has -a habit of the .Carolina- Wren
ofi constantly wagging the tail, which 'to, cofuse54 the two; 1
identifies' it. c . - ..; 107. . Yello\Vthroat
102. Prairie Warbler. Found fromi beata..:a merked Tes
April to October, but very rare during' Keritucky Warbler;
June. This little bird prefe~s. tracts, 'the Ilead iS. confined
of land grown. up with scrub 'oaks. 'It and. sies of the :bel
is olive 'green above and yellow belowg- -Mora over; there isi
the back is spotted with reddish brown .the eye o( the adul
and the. sides: ale 'streaked with black. -throat. This. bird- u
There is a :black line. through .the eye 'guished frtin the X
and -a black crescent- below -it. -.'. 'by aits smaller siz-e,
103s Ovenbird. Comathon in, spring song; and the. fenlaIe
dnd iallpApril-to May and from~-Auge abottthe hand. TPh
as late as November 15th. This bird not foulid .ih the be
The Bank C
Sur plus and Profits
T. M. MOUZON, Cashier. .JA
mfhistrator of Masgachu.
sbecial co1 cI e
rtage, has issued a t y
i the ;etghe coal stocks
M . Storrw malk s the
this month or in October."
q household with tlereo
3uy a portable kerosene
ap. It e] be moved easily
save coal and money. It
the coal line next winter."
e is cheaper than coal. It
these warm days.
aywhere. Kerosene stoves
today at any iardware or
ing store or general coun- ' -
Ldy causing much inconm
1 suffering and hardship it
ne can say. Certainly, the
save every bit of coal you
heating with other fuels.
ies are already conserving
ecurity Oil-the perfect
iokstove or heater look at
and is a walker. swamps, sych as the Kentucky Wart
I tall are olive ler prefers, but likes grassy, wet land,.
white, streaked with scattered trees and bushes. This
e reddish brown, i$ a summer resident, but occasional
I by black. , ly winters.
h. This bird 108. Yellow-breasted Chat. Larg
walkers, and live est of the Warblers, being about 7 1-2.
ar, streams and inches in length- -Up er-'parts' olive
Thrush .:occurs: .ien, under -parts .yellow; white line
. It is tiinifdini rom. bill to. and around eye; another
with 'a pale vel- on side. of 'throat. The' Cbat' inhabit "
and 'vle yellow dense thickets; generally - tangles of
I with baek. blackberry. It possesses a variety of
Water Thrush. calls, and is at all times a very sus
o-.preceding, but plelous-bird; it is a summer- resident:'
This is a rather and breeds.
t- 'it breedasyfor :109. H ded 'W*hybler.- Tils beauti
ICW a par eef til little -b rd~4s oMi of 'out commionest
it- lit'ee oi the Warblers, inhabitin'g wet woods. Ib.
eamns, and is ex- rangesver low, and its. nest is built.
i a' small rush about 8. or 4 feet'-iom
irbler. Common the ground. The~ male is colored as
4ve .seeni a num- fbllows: Forleed and regob around
just outu-of the. jhe eyes yellw 'rest of the head,
0, 1921 found M.~ heek and throat black; back, wig
r young. This and tail brighta olivegreen; under
at' on the ground parts yellow. The fan le has little
~olor of this bird or no black about- the hed. This bird
i. parts uniform generally arrives In.-late March and
regip -about the, remnains until septemb'er'
at, bdek; u'nde'r . 11O'Redst~ar. 'One'o4 the nmdst
Q eye and eye- beautiul of th Watlrsthe adult
ri 1woch re- male 'As black abv sides are
tr-whee, ter- orange redj'and there is .an orange
o. much like that patc on the whyigu; the mld..p uson
.h~ one is liable of .the outer tal i festhers are aiqo
nirds. .. orange. The under parts are awhit.
.3 This - bird In the femiale, the bi k of thpy~ul
emblance to the is replaced. by grayish-olive, and .h
rnt the black- of orangeared by -lemn yellow.Th
to the forehead Redstart mioves rapidi about. with
id, like a. m'ask. wings drobptng. rintI spreedt often
io 'yellow .ronnd darting after wil~e4 ed lisetsb(.and
t' male . Yellow- whewonet seei, wilnot re~fargotjm
iy. also. bedistin- It generallyv'arrives -heroe i t
entucky Warbler lWirch sand'i, fairly coinnion unti th
totally different latter part .of May. . Jt vetarne Ia
havzuge~no black ib July, after an absence of nzearlr
avily . timbered (Continued on1 page s'en)
. $ 40,000.00
MES M. SPROTT, Asst. Cashier.