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00 COON LONGER
Beginning with 918, each year has
. n a'1bng step 'ihWad for H,' B'Good
eof' Florende", S. C., a locality
ere the cattle tick has been eradi
ted. Her are the stops, year by
? 918--Raising cotton and tobacco
aid enough corn to feed the mules. In
e t .fall he had a -20-acre patch -of
tie rye for a cover crop, but it looked
too good to be left uneaten. So he
owed mgopy at the bank and.
6oght a few cows vith the' idea "of
!ttezitgg tliem and putting thni: c.n,
the market in December or January.
tt, d expectedly, tliree of the cows
ped calves. They proved to be
airly good milkers and he started
elling the milk to a distributing plant
u a town nearby. In the spring he
.4bpught four more grades, bring the
ttptal up to seven.
1919-Continued milling the seven
,b' cows. In the fall seven 'more grades
ere added at prices ranging from
$G5 to $65 a head.
1920-Some of the neighbors had
bought. Guernseys which we-e much
superior to the cows of the locailty.
In ' February, Mr. Goodson bought
three purebred cows, and at a Sale Trh
? larch he bought two more.
1921-This year the manure show
ed its value in building u pthe soil.
On a field that had been treated with
Ave loads to the acre, with 50 pounds
of nitrate of soda at the last plowing,
corn produced 55 bushels to the acre.
-Previously 35 bushels had been a goo,
yield on this land.
:1922--This year the fields that have
ipon receiving manure will make three
to one over fields that have not been
!But the whole story is not that of
increase in soil fertility brought about'
by keeping cows. Mr. Goodson now
v.has a herd of 12 purebred Guernseys,
10 cows and 2 bulls. Last December
he sold a bull calf to a bull associa
tion in the State for $250. He is
leeping another bull calf for which
*he was offered $750. "Besides produc
ing direct returns, "says Mr. Goodson,
"my cows by supplying me with a
regular income, enabled me to hold my
cotton crop until the price went up.
I 1 have raised most of my own feed,
and as a result keeping cows has
meant little outlay in money except
,Yfor ,the animals themselves. In the
fall of 1919, I sold my farm and gave
been renting sinle that time, I am
now buying another farm and expeht
to build a silo soon.
. In the spring of 1919, I was getting
11 hents a point for each per cent of
butterfat per gallon of milk-about
50 cents. a gallon-and for 125 days
seven cows brought me $12 a day.
Prices for milk and butterfat are low
i er now, but they 'are high 'enough to
make dairying' profitalale."
Dairying' Follows ('uttle Tick Eradi
cation In Sumiter' County
In Sumter county, where a few
short' years ago a good cow was a
rarity because of the cattle tick, there
is now a-modern four-department crea
miery owned by farmers'-and business
Smen who own farms, and farmers as
.y fer away as 70 miles are receiving fre
q4n..xearm .~cecks .that. are .sent' out
the -day after thec product is received.
SWhen a representativn of the United
.States Department of Agriculture vis
ited the creamery abouit the' middle Iof
4tute, 'the manager was enthu'siastic
over the increasing interest taken in
As a business man, ai
einoyour confidence ?
Confidence and co
traits which are necessa
tenance of all business.
Rest assured if you
will receive the benefit o
policies of this bank-th
any business problem int
* Feel free to come in
FIRST NA TIC
W. C. DAVIS, I
A. C. B3RADHA
e J. T. STUKCES, (
dairying by small farmers in, the lo
cality. In the previous six weeks,
80 dairy cows had been brought in
and-aold, and in two weeks^17 men
had made inquiries for from 2 to 16
cows each. Practically all these fat
niers who are now keeping 'cws are
raising corn, velvet beans, hay, and
In speaking of the success of men
who Have taken up dairying following
the eradication of ihd tick, this' cea
mery'fian' told of. a farmer in the
county who now has four purebred
Guernseys and three grades of the
same breed. In the beginning, owing
fo'4 lack 6f knowledge' of fdedhiglie
was selling only 0 or 7 pounis of but
ter a *eek and was making io' profit.
T yough the assistance offered by the
creamery he improved 'his' feeding
methods ,and three weeks , ,liter he
was selling' $50 worth of milk a week.
Another farmer in the locality be
gan dairying 15 months ago with a
few purebred and some grades and
is now selling $35 worth of milk a
day, a b'usiness that would have been
impossible for him in the days before
dipping. Although such figures are
incomplete and do not show cost of
production, they do show that former
cotton and tobacco growers are mak
ing regular and substantial returns
from a-few cows.
Some men have increased their in
comes by selling milk with the expen
diture of very little cash to get a
start. A farmer who owned three
cows, now free of ticks, wanted to
know if it would pay him to feed
thenf'ell the cream. He was told that
they would pay and that an invest
ment in a cream separator would soort
be paid back In the extra butterfat
saved. Now the separator is paid for
and, the three cows are making him
$35 a month.
None of these farmers have found
it necessary to put much money into
buildings, but they have found that
it pays to collect the manure and to
turn such materials as straw and
stalks into fertilizer.
Hogs are increasing in this new
dairy territory, and one of the larg
est hog farms in the country was re
cently established in the county. This
farm takes al lthe skim milk and but
termilk from the creamery. Many of
the cow farmers who have skim milk
on hand say that it makes an excell
ent poultry feed, increasing the pro
duction of eggs noticeably.
Cows That Freshen in Fall Are Best
There are varying opinions as to
the best time to- have cows freshen,
but after a thorough study of the
records of 10,870 cows in 64 testing
associations the United States De
partment of Agriculture has found
that cows dropping their calves in the
fall produce more milk and butterfat.
In the 64 associations fall freshening
ranked first 29 times in average milk
production; winter freshening ranked
first 18 times; summer freshening 10
times; and spring freshening 7 times.
In butterfat production fall freshen
ing was first 38 times, winter 13
times, summer 8 times, and spring 7
times. The tabulated results and de
tailet) explanations have just been
published in Department Bulletin 1071
Influence of season of Freshening on
Production and Income from Dairy
Cows, by J. C. McDowell.
On an average the cows that fresh
ened in the fall, September, October
andl November, produced 6,089 pounds
of milk, while those that freshened in
the winter, summer and spring pro
i Stand With
re you taking your bank
operation are collatel-al
ry to the life and main
co-operate with us you
f one of the unvarying
at of strict secrecy as to
rusted to us.
and talk with us.
duced 6,439, 5,941 and 5,842 pounds
respectively. These fall cows pro
duced on an average, 268 pounds of
butterfat. Those that calved in win
te'r, summer, and spring made, in or
der, 258, 236 and 236 pounds. In spite
of higher feed cost, the fall-freshened
cows made more income over feed
cost. The winter ones were second,
spring third, and summer fourth.
On the basis of individual months,
the largest' income over feed cost was
made by the cows freshening in'' De
cember, with October second, Novem
ber third, and January fourth. The
cows calving in October ranked first
in both milk and butterfat produc
Although the evidence shows con
clusiv'ely that fall or early winter
freshening is desirable in most parts
of the country, there are exceptions
to the rule. The dairymen who has
a steady market for milk at fair
prices during all seasons of the year
will usually find it to his advantage
to keep the supply fairly uniform
from month to month. The percent
age of cows that should freshen each
month in the year will vary to some
extent in dicerent localities and on
different farms in the same locality.
At present in market milk districts
there is usually a surplus of milk in
the late spring and early summer,
and more cows should be allowed to
freshen in the fall.
The bulletin should prove to be a
valuable guide for solving the fresh
ening problem on any farm. It may
be obtained free by addressing the
Department of Agriculture, Washing
ton, D. C.
BUILD SOILS WITH
Clemson College, Sept. 11.-On
land adapted to its growth crimson
clover is one of the best winter soil
building cover crops, for one acre of
fairly fertile land will produce 5 to
10 tons of green growth that contains
per ton approximately 8 pounds of
nitrogen which is gathered from the
air by the bacteria on the roots of
the clover. Besides converting the
air nitrogen into a form useful to
the farmer, the clover saves the plant
food already available in the soil by
using it in its growth and thus pre
venting loss by leaching and erosion
(luring the winter.
The agronomists say that for best
results crimson clover should not be
sown on very poor sandy or hard clay
soils. Vetch, rye and oats are the
best winter cover crops for these
soils. It is essential that crimson
clover be inoculated unless it or one
of the true clovers has been pre
viously grown on the land.
It is best to sow at the rate of
15 to 20 pounds of cleaned seed per
acre between September 15 and
October 15, when there is enough
moisture in the soil to sprout the
seed and keep the young plant alive
until it can develo pa root system.
Sowing just before or just after a
good rain will practically insure a
stand. It may be sown in corn, or in
cotton middles after the first or sec
ond picking, and covered lightly wvith
a harrow, cultivator or sweep.
Freshly broken land should be thor
oughly harrowed and rolled to give
a firm seed bed before sowving.
Stable manure is an excellent fer
tilizer for clover, for it has a very
beneficial effect on the legume bac
teria as well as the plant and soil.
On land that has not been heavily
fertilized 200 to 300 pounds of acid
phosphate may be usedl profitalbly at
Crimson clover may be nmade a
cash crop) as well as a soil-improving
crop by allowving the seed to ripen
and saving them by strippiry with a
cheap homemade machine or by cut
ting wvith a mower andl threshing.
From 6 to 10 bushels of clean see2d
ar~e prodluced por acr~e, ndl at presehi
these seed are selling from $9.00 to
$12.00 per bushel.
SH ADE I
Proposes to SELL 4
All know this store carri
Queen Quality Shoes .foi
Over Shoes for men. Ha
and Style-Plus Clothes;
They must be sold far below
now, and to show this is bein'
and Stetson Hats will sell for
All men know these hats cant
less than $7.00. This High C
sold on a basis with junk---me
You know you are going to gE
Starting FRIDAY, SI
below the prices other mercha
It's a cold business propositioi
Joseph is making a desperate
one hundred cents on the d<
ment---he won't go into bani<
loose everything but his good
You'll sure appreciate this Sal
No better prices can be obtained in tl
at the big Brick Warehouse, Lake City,
many high sales:
S. M. GROOMS
80 41 $ 32.80
60 53 31.80 1
72 62 44.64 ..
150 70 105.00 2
210 77 . 161.70
180 . 44 79.20
114 62 70.64 )
114 60 - .68.40
980 $594.23 1
50 53 $ 26.50
48 56 26.88
98 $53.38 -
Average $54.46. 2
Why is it people are driving from sixi
Big Brick Warehouse? It is the price. I
getting more money for your tobacco.
Iaroll t b oens long as there is a ieai
SG. R. B OW EN, J
)UT One-Half of
)N, S. C.
es high class goods,
r ladies, and Walk
rt Schaffner & Marx
Stetson and Knox
value to interest people
done, will say that Knox
iot be sold regularly for
rade Stock is going to be
aning cheap, unadvertised
t something good here at
:PTEMBER 15th, at
nts are advertising "junk"
z, and simply means Geo.
effort to pay his creditors
)llar--he wants no settle
ruptcy, but is willing to
e. SHADE WILSON.
ie State of South Carolina than those
S. C. Below are just a few of the
A. L. WILSON
44 62 $ 27.28
74 53 39.22
26 49 61.74
C. J. HAM
80 57 $ 46.74
24 56 . 69.44
40 49 (68.60
A verage $50.35.
R. M. FEAGIN
82 57 $ 4(6.74
90 56 45.00
60 41 24.60
A ver age $50.14.
Ly (60) to ninety (90) miles to the
'ollow their example and profit by
of tobacco in the State of South
Lake City, S. C.