Newspaper Page Text
W. R. GE
October 25, 1922.
The Grain Weevil
Throughout this part of the State
the grain weevil has in late years be
come a most serious pest, annually
doing thousands of dollars damage to
stored grains. This is particularly
true of corn. This insect-infests corn
in the field before it is harvested, the
the infestation being worst in loose
fitting shucks. The pests are hauled
from the field to the crib. At every
load many weevils sift through the
shuck and lie on the floor of the weg
on bed. These should be swept out
and burned, not thrown on the
Weevils may be controlled by fumi
gating with carbon bisulphide. This
liquid, as well as the gas, is easily
set on fire and then explodes violent
ly. For that reason it should be hand
led even more cautiously than gaso
line; hence, fire of all kinds including,
pipes, cigars, candles lanterns, etc.,
should be kept away. Lofts should
not be fumigated when livestock is
kept underneath, When the material
is pt in use it can be stored in a
Carbon bisulphide may be otbained
from local druggists in small quanti
tief or I can obtain it direct from the
hianlufacturer in large quantities. I
have quotations from a leading manu
facturer which will enable us to ob
tain it laid down here at around 10c
per pound in 100 pound drums or
about half cent higher in 50 pound
drums. This puts it its -each of al
most any one and makes the opera
tion very cheap.
There is only one serious drawback
to the use of this for controlling the
corn weevil, and that is the openness
of most of our cribs. For best results
the corn should be in tight cribs.
However where the crib3 are even
reasonably tight, I believe that it
will pay well to treat the corn using
a heavy dosage and repeating it if
When preparing for fumi'gation,
first make the crib as tight as pos
sible. Cracks may be daubed with
clay or strips of boards nailed over
cracks. A cheap grade of roofing
may often be used to advantage. If
the corn has not been put in the
crib the cracks may be covered with
paper from the inside.
For best results try to treat when
the temperature is not below 70 de
grees. Level the corn at the surface,
and at various points on top of the
pile dig out holes in the corn a couple
of feet deep. Pour equal amounts
by a million
men who love
15 for 10c
We represent t
Bank of Columbi;
Loan Act, and ha
control nearly a hW
If the security
rest to I
A Y, County Demonstrati
)flice Phone 247-Residence Phone 1
of the carbon bisulphide into cach
each of the holes and throw back it
the corn at once. Spread sacks o1
blankets over the top of the pile
Close the crib tight and leave fron
24 to 48 hours. Then open wide an<
in a short time the fumes will largely
Use the carbon bisulphide at th<
rate of 7 pounds to 100 bush, is 01
grain or 10 pounds if crib is rather
open. This makes the cost of th<
treatment from 70c to $1.00 per hund,
red bushels. A very insignificani
amount if it checks the weevil injury
to any great extent.
Small quantities of seed such at
beans, peas, wheat, etc., may be treat
ed in a barrel, using about three
ounces per barrel. Apply the liquik
and cover the barrel with sack:
weighted down with boards.
I would suggest that farmers co.
operate in ordering this material
where one man does not need a full
drum for his own use. Cash must
accompany the order.
I will be glad to assist with fumi
gating corn or other grains for any
farmers who will get the materials.
Little corn has been made in Clar
endon County so let us save what we
have. This treatment will also kill
rates that remain in the crib.
Cotton Stalks Being Destroyed
On a trip Friday the following far.
mers were observed to destroying
their cotton stalks: T. I. Gentry, A
J. Plowden, The Wilson Farm, I. Y
Eadon. Numerous others are doing
likewise, these were merely seen it
driving along the roads on this par
We can not too strongly urge upor
our farmers to keep at this good worli
with a vim. However, I wish to cau
tion about one thing. It has beer
noted that in some cases the stalkE
are not thoroughly destroyed. I
they are left so that numerous green
tender shoots put out, best result:
will not be obtained as the weevil:
will continue to feed upon these ten.
der shoots. Uproot or bury then
Fair Yield of Cotton on This Farn1
In talking with A. S. Rawlinson re.
cently I was told that he had picket
15 five-hundred bales of cotton fron
35 acres this year. While not a big
yield by any means this is-by far th<
best record that I know of for this
vicinity in 1922. It will be recalle
that Mr. Rawlinson was one of those
farmers who attempted to do syste.
matic dusting. The heavy rains inter.
fered to such an extent that Mr. Raw.
linson was unable to carry his dusting
throug has he should have and as hI
expected to do. Mr. Rawlinson states
that he confidently that without dus
he would not have made fixe bales.
Mr. Rawlinson's machine and dusl
probably cost him not to exceed $250
and the machine is still almost a:
good as new being used so little.
Did the right kind of poisoning pay
in this case?
The Marketing of Hogs
At present hogs are bringing a very
nice price on the markets, and many
are predicting cheaper pork a little
later when the West begins selling in
earnest. We have in hand enough tc
make up a half to twvo thirds of a car,
and would be glad to get together
enough more to make out the car.
If you have any fat hogs for sale get
in touch wvith me and let us arrange
to ship a car in the near future.
Of course, I can not tell what the
market may (10, but as stated, the
price is fairly good now and if your
hogs are readly it may be a good
time to dispose of them.
Do not let a sharp frost catch your
sweet potatoes still in the ground if
it can be avoidedl. This will make
the'm more likely to rot, either in the
curing house or i nthe bank. If by
any means this should happen though,
he sure to go in and cut the vines
at once. This prevents the frost bite
from passing from the vines to the
roots and will lessen the dlanger.
I hope greater care wvill he used iri
dligging andl handling our crop of po.
tato(es this year than has been custo
iey to L~
Lbe First Carolinas
1, organized under t
ye connection with
a money in the couri
ilf million dollars of
is right we can arra1
mary in the past. If big plows are
used and run deep the number of cut
cut potatoes will be greatly reduced,
and if only three rows are heaped to
gether-and these all along the heap
row instead of in piles-the number
o' bruises will be proportionately re
duced. A cut or bruised potato does
not keep so well, and is not readily
marketable even when it keeps. Then
place them carefully in the container
and do not pour from one container
to another. A 'sweet potato skins or
bruises easier than an apple.
Grade your potatoes in the field
and cure only nunber one stock. The
sweet potato experts urge digging
now at the earliest convenient date.
Much of the fine hay that was pro
duced in the County has spoiled in
the fields from the recent heavy
rains, and some farmers are facing
a shortage of roughage next spring.
If you are in this class, by all means
plant some rye or oats and vetch to
be ert for hay next spring. This
makes a hay of tip top quality and
a good yield. If you will plant this
on good land and follow with Sudan
grass well manured, a tremendous
yield can be obtained.
Care and Feeding of Dairy Cattle
The following suggestions on the
care and feeding of dairy cattle are
made by the Dairy Division.
The Herd Sire
1. Do not let the bull run with the
2. Give plenty of exercise. Free run
of open lot is best.
3. Feed little or no silage.
4. Feed no cottonseed meal.
5. Feed legume hays,--alfalfa, clov
er and peavine.
6. A good grai nration of equal
parts by weight of ground corn.
ground. oats and wheat bran is an
ideal ration for a herd sire. Feed
enough of this ration to keep the ani
mal in goo dthrifty condition.
Feeding Dairy Calves
1. Leave with dam 1 to 2 days.
2. Feed one quart of the mother's
milk three times per day for first
3. Increase whole milk after
first week to 8 to 14 pounds depend
ing on size of calf.
4. After 4 to 6 weeks, start substi
tuting skim milk. Take one week to
make the entire change.
5. Feed 12 to 16 pounds of milk per
day until 6 months old if possible.
6. Keel) calves in dry clean stalls
until a month old.
7. Start feeding grain and hay when
three weeks old.
8. A good grain ration is, equal
parts by weight of whole corn and
whole oats. Feed all grain and hay
they will clean up. It is best to
feed grass hay until four months old,
as legume hays have a scouring ef
fect on the calf.
9. Feed no silage until six months
10. Keep off of pasture until at
least three' months of age.
11. Supply plenty of clean drink
ing water at all times.
12. Provide salt as soon as the
calf starts eating hay of grain.
13. Scours are due to overfeed
ing, irregular feeding, feeding cold
milk, sour milk, dirty milk, unsani
14. Where milk is not available
after calf is 6 months 01(1, the fol
lowing mixture may be used as a
Linseed oil meal, hominy feed, red
dog flour, dry blood,--one pound of
the mixture to eight pounds of water
for the 6-week old calf.
Feeding the Growing Heifer
1. Feed 2 to 3 pounds of grain
daily. A good grain ration is equal
parts corn, oats, and bran, or 2 parts
corn and 1 part oats.
2. Feed 6 to 8 pounds of legume
hay when not on pasture.
3. Feei all the silage the heifer
will clean up. If no silage is avail
able, increase hay and add a pound
or more of grain per (lay to keep in
good thrifty growving condition.
4. -No pasture ,alone is sufficient
for heifers uder one year 01(1.
5. Keep heifers growing continu
roint Stock Land
he Federal Farm
ty. In addition we
private loan funds.
ige farm loans of
VING South Cnaolna.
6. Feed one tablespoon 6f gro id
limestone In grain mixture to eifers
inder breeding ago.
Care of Nursery Stock on Arrival
Nursery stock is genorally received
either packed ip bundles and wrapped
in burlap or, in the case of large or
ders, tied in bundles and packed in
large boxes. In both cases the roots
are well packed with wet moss, ex
celsIQr or other suitable' material to
keep the roots from drying out while
As soon as the trees arrive, they
should be unpacked and if for any
reason they can not be planted at
once, they should be heeled in, ad
vises A. M. Musser, Associate Horti
culturist, in speaking of the care of
nursery stock upon arrival. If thq
trees are frozen' on arrival they
should be left in the original box
or bundle and placed in a collar or
other suitable place that will allow
gradual thawing. If left in the origi
nal package or bundle any length of
time, the packing material around
the roots dries out, the roots also
become dry and by the time they are
unpacked are badly injured or entire
ly worthiess. Many times such in
jury can not be detected at the time
of planting and the trees are set out
only to be found dead later,-and the
grower has lost his time and money.
Heeling in consists of digging a
trench as wide as the roots are long,
with the bottom of the trench slop
iffg at an angle of 45 degrees; so that
when the trees are placed in the
trench the tops will stick out of the
ground at the same angle. This
trench should be dug in a protected
and well-drained place. In unpack
ing the trees, care should be taken
not to get the varieties mixed, and
to spread them thinly in the trench
and cover the ots with damp soil
at the same tine working damp soil
in among the roots and packing it
well if the soil is dry, or the trees
are to remain heeled in very long,
the soil should be watered. When
whole bundles of trees are placed in
a trench and not spread out in a
thin row, it is impossible to get
moist soil worked in among all the
roots. Consequently many of the
roots will dry out and become so
weakened that many trees will not
live when set in the orchard.
BONAR LAW NEW
London, Oct. 24.-Unless some un
forseen developments occur, Andrew
Bonar Law will before the day ends,
be the prime minister of Great Brit
ain. Arrangements have already
been made for a conservative party
meeting at the Hotel Cecil. The an
nouncement of the composition of the
new nMinistry and declaration of the
government's program may, accord
ing to the latest information, be de
ferred until Thursday.
Mr. Bonar Law told the news
papermen that he would accept the
ig now I
f~ 30thoi in~ inistryp.ilost
#4t~f~ dhut' a range4 for an inid
el)efith King George hr .thin
aftdrioon. Mr. aw ddclahed thy
Irish constitution itust be carried
out. Referring' to Mr. Lld yd 'George
he. said he was sure they would
have- "a pretty stiff tussle." but he
hoped they would still be good ,friends
Andrew Bonar Law was unani
mously elected leader of the Union
ist at a party meeting held this
These are the lowest p
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ning, S. C.
New Model Four Door S
fruck equipped with hii
pneumatic tires .
SOLD ON EASY TERI)
W. C. PLO WDEN, N
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ng these seasonal comforts, is the se
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OR CO., Dealers, l
1 IbEE Ldti W ST IN FIOW
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rate inqu1iOeSWere launched today
into. the roigin of a fire early Sii- A
day in which fifteen' lives. wee
lost,' seventeen injured and oi1
hundred and fifty made homeless.
Th fire is thought to have scarted
under the main stairway' of a- five
story double tenement structure.
Six members of one family were
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six members of another peril hed. i}
rices ever quoted on Ford
and oil delivered in Man
- --- -.--$337.56
i WITH STARTER:
-- ..--- $440.52
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- ---- ---$375.00
MS WITH STARTER:
h speed axle and Cord
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CO., Greeleyville, S. C.
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