Newspaper Page Text
W. R. GI
November 1, 1922.
Destroy Cotton Stalks Now
Mr. Farmer, have your cottot
stalks beet destroyed ? If not, why.
Are Clarendon County farmers ir
such good financial condition that
they can atford to neglect this mat
Tests all over South Carolina show
Carolina show most encouraging re
sults fro mthe intelligent use of cal
cium arsenate dust; but the farmer
who refuses to destroy his cotton
stalks, because he expects to poison
next summer may be compared with
the fellow who refuses to insure his
house because the town has a fire
Some farmers are inclined to lay
the blame for the ion-destruction of
their stalks upop0n the tenants. This
may be true in some cases. But, Mr.
Landlord, are you willing to acknow
ledge that a shiftless tenant is gointg
to be the boss in the management of
your farm ? Labor conditions arc
now such that, one can well afford to
make the fellow who wont do, move
0 ithe average, I find our intelli
gent and energetic tenants, whether
white or black, ready to co-operate in
the fight against the weevil.
Control of the boll weevil hv stalk
destruction and other measures in
their season is of equal importance
to landlord, tenant and business man.
Then, let us all go to it with a will
and show the world the kind of stuff
that Clarendon County men are made
Things to Do This Month
Continue planting of cover crops
and small grain until work is finish
Sow wheat on fertile well prepared
Do as much (ld) plowing as weath
er permits on heavy soils and were
no cover crops have been planted.
Store next year's planting seed in a
dry plac e well protected from rots
and weevils. Fumigate If necesiary.
Prune scuppernong grapes.
Set out strawberry plants and as
Set peach, apple, pelC;r, grape and
Clean up terraces and ditch-banks
about the orchard to destroy winter
quarters of insects and diseases.
Prepare cold frames for winter let
tuce, radishes, etc.
Set narcissus an(1 other bulbs early
Dig dahlia and canna roots and
store in a dry place for the winter.
Repair or build comfortable quay
ters for al livestock.
Castrate all hoar pigs that are to
be fattened for pork. They will fat
ten iore rapidly and more cheaply.
Keep all animals free from lice.
They arc mere comfortnble and re
quire less feed.
Breed sows auy time after Novem
ber 8 for larc h litters.
Give svs to be bred a ration sup
plying plenty" of protein to have then
gainIinug flesh1 at breed ing timoe. This
mnstre~s a ar'rer and stronger litter
at. farrowing timen..
As so on ns fro~e kills the velvet
heani vine (s, pastuore the tielIds. TPhi s is
the mrost pirofitabh- mtethodl to harvest
velvet hean is for dairy ('ows.
When the silo is opened, see that
aIliouliy mnaterials is thrown outt be
for'e feeding tarts fo avuid iindiges
tionI anO -ither serious t rottuls.
.ient,-mhear thlat in feed in..t calves
milk, thle (fuanitity shmouhl not vary
suddenly, and that t he milk should
be warmil and clean.
.Feed calve:t amilk from a pail which
is stetilized aftr totach feeding.
Fceod the ser'vice bulls rather heavy
gt';nirat ioni(s conftaiin! no( cottoin
scoed teal Ii a nd legiime }ay to pre
plare IhIem fori heavy breeding sea
Rush 1 of t Imicking ando destroy
stlI L in inue farm el caning to
We represent t
Bank of Columbi
Loan Act, and he
control nearly a h
If the security
rest to F
tA Y, County Demonstraic
Oflice Phone 2-17-Residence Phone 181
Plan for the winter sprays for the
orchard, the shade trees, and hedges.
Winter is the time to spray for
scales; write for information.
Get. the spray pump in good work
ing order and do not wait until time
to uSe it.
Pack the bees.
Beware of unscrupulous fruit tree
Contract for "certified" Irish pota
to seed for next spring's planning.
Plow under cotton stalks and plant
a cover crop to help control anthrac
nose and other diseases.
Get shellac and coal tar or corro
sive sublime and white lead paint
to cover all large cuts made in prun
Destroy diseased garden debris to
decrease the number of diseases car
ried over to next year.
Take an inventory of your poultry
and keep accurate records for the en
Saving Rutabaga Turnips
Pull the turnips up about the mid
(lie of December. Cut the tops off
near the turnips and also cut off the
large roots. Place in banks contain
ing 8 to 15 bushels each, and cover
with 12 inches of soil. There is no
necessity for putting straw of any
kind around the turnips; let the soil
coie in direct contact with the tur
nips so as to keep them fresh and
crisp throughout the winter. Turnips
banked in this way will keep in good
condition until early in March.
Ye F'arne Gossipe
Farmers who cooperate don't wait
for their ship to come in; they row
out to meet it.
A good farmer looks upon his land
as a building lot, not as mining prop
Selling hogs and buyinv pork may
be profitable, but not for the farmer
who sells the hogs.
A sermon in eight words: Our cows
died, and then our children (lied."
Nearly one-third of the people gain
fully employed in agriculture pro
duce only one-fifth of the national
income. What's the answer?
A tip on burning cotton stalks:
An acre of cotton stalks is worth
$10.00 or $12.00 for humus and fer
If one farmer in a community
wants to raise sheep and his neigh
bors want to raise (logs, how many
sheep will be raised ?
Another good effect of boll weevil
damage: The farmer who has to
take better care of it and market it
to better advantage.
What is a rural community ? A re
gion of common interests in which
people can be brought together into
(oiiini1iuiiity organizations to work out
their own problems.
A farmer dub who buys a scrub
Gets nothing for his mon.
Let's go inquire for a purebred sire,
And put our luck in one.
Quest ions amnd Answers
What is the matter with the ac
T'he co'wpeas arie dIiseadsed wit h
w i. 'he vascular ring does not
1howv ti~c blackening whien usually oe
curs in wilt. infections, but the fun
gous; thireados can be found by making
ai nirc opd~lic exaination. I would(
adlvise the use of a resistant variety
as Iron, Birabiham, Victor, or Monetta.
Will you kindl ytell wvhat I can (10
to prevent blight on tomatoes ?-M.
IIt is raithr difficult to tell wvhat
y'ou should dto for "'blight'' on toma
(.0(s beca use' there are two or th ree
different dliseases, requiring different
t reaitments, which may be known as
li gh t. There is a leaf blight wh~iich
requires spraying with Bordeaux, a
funrgus wilt, which requires the use of
resistant va rie9ties, and( a bacterial
wilt for which there is no remaaoy. If
you will send a specimen of these to
matoes the Botany Division will at
t em pt to make a d iagnosis of the
1ey to Le
he First Carolinas J<
a, organized under th
ive connection with a
g money in the count
aif million dollars of p
is right we can arran,
trouble and tell you what should be
What is the mariter with phe en
closed pecans ? The crop on two trees
in my yard is total loss, that on
the others is healthy.-J. J. W., Lex
The pecans are affected with scab,
due to a fungus, Fusicladium effu
sum. I am sending you a copy of
Farmers' Bulletin 1129, which gives
you a list of susceptible and resistant
varieties. I would advise that you
top work with a resistant variety,
or spray with 4-4-50 Bordeaux as di
rected in the bulletin, or both. The
first spray application should be made
when the nuts first form and should
be repeated often enough to keep
them covered with spray material till
August 1 or September 1.
I would like to have the name of a
treatise on flowor culture.--W. H. C.
I known of no treatise on flower cul
ure that will give you general in
structions for planting. I believe,
however, if you will write to Peter
I-lenderson Company, New -York City,
requesting them to send you their
garden manual and hand book on
flower culture they will be glad to
sen(d it to you gratis.
Please tell me what varieties of pe- I
:ans to plant.-F. D. M,, Camden.
I would suggest that you plant the l
Stuart, Schley, and James. The James I
Is a variety that has not been grown
very extensively, but has proved to
)c very satisfactory indeed, especiplly
n the Piedmont region.
What is the matter with the apples
[ ai sending and how can the condi
ion be prevented ?-E. G., Taylors.
The apples are affected with bitter
ot and blotch. The best control
nethod is a arefully followed spray
schedule accompanied by an annual,
pruning out of all cankered wood
md watersprouts during the dormant
season. Extension Circular 25 tells
low to make the sprays needed and
wvhen to apply them.
Ct' 'ng Sweet Potatoes
The factors that make for success
n. curing sweet potatoes, says F. L.
ilarkc , Chief of the Division of Mar
cets, which has charge of the opera
ion of sweet potato curing houses,
tre: First, control of moistuer, and
econd, uniform temperature. The
rollowing rules for the operation of
uring houses are given.
When the house is filled, raise tem
perature to around 80 to 85 degrees.
at the same time give the house a:ll
Maintain a temperature of from 80
.0 85 degrees during the curing pe
iod, which is usually from 10 to
l4 days, denending upon the weath
r and condition of potatoes.
Give the house al lpossible ventila
ion (luring the curing period, if
veather will permit.
Keep a close watch on the house
luring the curing period and main
amn as uniform a temperature as p0s
Close the floor ventilators and
loors at night if there is likelihood
)f frost. Close the to pventilators in
old or rainy weather.
WVhen the curing periodl is over
(this can lbe told1 by an examination
>f pottoes, i fthey have a velvety
Feeling or the eyes or buds of the po
tatoes show signs of sprogtmng
hroughout the house, then theyh have
>een properly curedl), reduce the temn
perature to between 50 and (60 deC
Examine the house each (lay. When
anmpness is found, open the top von
dlators and use* a little fire if neces
dary. Watch the house to keel) dlown
il moisture, using best of judlgment
it all times in ventilatin gandl heat
Every house should be provide'd
vith a niumber of good standlardl ther
mi(omet(rs. One should be placed near
Lhe floor and one near the top of the
house so that the check may be kept
'in heat and ventilation.
Place one mani and one man only
in charge of the sweet potato stor
)int Stock Land
e Federal Farm
y. In addition we
rivate loan funds.
ge farm loans of
ihIG South Carolina.
15 for 10
the sale of the bonds possible, but
without advancing the rate to the
A Good Roads bill was passed by
this Congress, making $75,000,000
available for road construction in the
several states, with special provisions
for farm to market highways.
The Administration is putting forth
every, effort to reduce freight rates
on agricultural shipments from every
section to every section of the coun
These facts and figure represent
only a small part of the outstanding
executive action and congressional
legislation in behalf of the American
farmer. President Harding, in an
address to the farmers of the North
west at the Minnesotn State Fair,
S"ntember 8th, 1920, said, "Farming is
the main plant, and geared with it is
every wheel of transportation and in
dustry. America cannot go on with
a dissatisfied farming people. The
time has come when we must deter
BILL AND THE
AMERICAN PUBLIC SCHOOL
The American Public School--the
greatest institution in the world. It
is the most important institution in
the- nation. Its importance is beyond
the reach of comparison. The na
tion's past has been built on it. The
present is under debt to it. The fu
ture.depends on it. The safety, of the
nation depends on it. Its preserva
tion depneds on every true American
safety of the nation depends on it.
Its preservation depends on every true
The greatest event in the history of
mankind was the establishment of the
public school. Education, as the free
gift of the State, marked a turning
point in civilization. The United
States of America, pledged to the
welfare of those who seek for home
imd happiness, early provided for pub
lic education. Todov it typifies the
spirit of these Uaited States, our
Constitution, and our Laws.
The Sterling-Towner Bill has been
introduced in the American Congress
to authorize the Government to appro
priate annually ONE HUNDRED
MILLION DOLLARS for the promo
tion and support of public education,
these funds to be applied to the
States, and to be administered ex
clusively by the legally constituted
State authorities according to the edu
cational laws made and enforced by
the -State. The mission of this bill
is to preserve, protect, and propagate
the American Public School. It is
five-fold in purpose,-(1) to remove
illiteracy; (2) to Americanize the im
migrant; (3) to equalize educational
opportunities; (4) to promote phy
sicql education; (5) to prepare teach
ers for public school service. The bill
provides for a Department of Educa
tion, with a secretary who shall be a
member of the President's cabinet.
Each of the five purposes of this
bill reveal the determination of the
Government to provide adequately for
rOur public educational system. Illit
eracy and Americanization of the
immigrant present two great. prob
lems. But the equalizing of educa
tional opportunities is an item worthy
Df our cheerful observation. The sum
of $50,000,000, half of the total ap
propriated for the use of all the
States, is authorized by this bill to
be used "in public elementary and
secondary schools for the partial pay
ment of teachers' salaries, for pro
viding better instruction and extend
ed school terms especially in rural
schools and schools in sparsely settl
ed localities, for the extension and
ialaptation of public libraries for edu
rational purposes, and otherwise pro..
viding equally good educational op
portunities for the children of the
several States." Where educational
needs ar the greatest, it is generally
the case that the schools are the most
inadequate. The poorest communities
have the poorest schools. This bill
provides for equal educationnl oppor
tunities everywhere, in the mill diE
tricts:, along the coastal regions, in
the poor farming communities, as well
is in the cities.
Every good thing has its critics.
The Sterling-Towner Bill is being at
tacked. One charge is that its enact
ment will remove the right of the
State to administer its own educa
tional system. This charge is un
founded. It is claimed that this bill
will mean white and colored children
in the same school room. This claim
is malicious and is disproved by the
following extract from the bill, which
in its construction and language is
so simple that the average intelligent
child of ten years can understand
every word. Page 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 of the
bill as submittedl in printedl form de
clares in plain, unmistakable English,
'All funds appoi'tioned to a State
b~usiness. The present Adlministra
Lion with its Republican Congress is
sqIuarely behind the farmer.
A striking illustration of this fact
is foundl in the action of the Govern
ment in behalf o fthe drought-stirick
eni farmers of the Northwest last
year. Crops had completely failed.
The farmers faced bankruptcy. Trhey
had no money for seeds even, to be
gmn a nlew crop. Within forty (lays
after the enactment of relief measures
for them, the Republican Department
of Agriculture loaned $2,000,000 to
14',000 farmei's, the cost of adlminis
tration being $10,000. In other words,
almost every cent appropriatedl went
threctly to the f'atmer. Drought hit,
them again. Thei Government step
ped in once miore, andl $1,500,000 ad
rlitional was loaned to 12,146 farm
F'rom August 24,1921 to August 15,
1922 the War F'inance Corporation,
which was revived to help the farm
er', has made agricultui'al and live
stock loans to tho amount of $346 923,
826, or an average cvery (lay of $1,
'The Republ ican Congress amended
the Federal Reser-ve Act so that Ag
riulture shall be represented on the
Fedeoral Reserve Bionard.
The same Congress panssedl a bill
wvhich legalized co-oper'ative market
ing associttions, removing them from
the restrictions of the Sherman anti
The Republican Congress amended
the Federal Farm Loan Act, pi'ovidling
ran additional fund of $25,000,000 for
he Farm Loan Board, making a totql
working capital for this important
farm loan agency of $56,000,000. A
law .w'as also enacted which increased
thme interest rate on Farm Loan Bank
bonds to 5 1-2 per cent., so as to make
G. C. COOPER,
Glasses Fitted, Broken
SUMTER, S. C.
cig are ttes
mine upon a definite agricultural
policy. We must have farming con
ditions which will insure to the farm
er and his family both financial re
wards and educational, social and re
ligious living conditions fairly com
parable with those offered by the
cities. A sound system of agricul
ture cannot be maintained on any
other basis." These are the words of
America's chief executive. They are
the keynotes of the attitude of the
Republican Congress toward the
The Republican Congressional can
didate from the First District of South
Carolina is in complete accord with.
the program of the party. He will
support the agricultural policies of
the Administration. He wants these
benefits to come to the South Carolina.
farmer. Let him speak for you in
The Republican Congressional Com
mittee--The First Congressional Dis
trict of South Carolina.
uimint are certainly
lightful flavors to
im, is also a great
your sweet tooth.
a from the Wrigley