Newspaper Page Text
W. R. GlI
Pull down the mounds from around
those peach trees and dig out the bor
ers. See that your spray pump is in
working order and get lime sulphur
for the dormant spray. If you haven't
a good spray pump, now is a fine time
to get it. *
The old town was full of Coops
Monday getting their second payment
on their tobacco. All appeared to be
well pleased ,as far as I saw; and not
one talked as though the money would
have ever been any more welcome than
at the present.
Mr. 11. K. leatson, one of our big
farmers is a wheat enthusiast. He
has made excellent yields of this crop
for the past two years in spite the ad
verse conditions, and is planting still
heavier this fall. Mr. Beatson plants
his wheat on GOOD LAND. Possibly
this is the secret of his success.
Approximately 20,000 bushels of
sweet potatoes are going into curing
houses in the county this fall. Manag
ers of curing houses should be on the
job steadily for the next couple of
weeks. Keep your temperature up
around 85 and keep the moisture out
of the house.
A recod yield of sweets are also be
ing banked. Everythipg possible
should be done to insure the keeping
of these. If we should be unable to
sell them profitably, they make good
feed for hogs and cows.
Don't pay from fifty to seventy-five
cents for peach trees as some have
lone. We can get good trees and in
small lots for less than one third that
If you have pens for sale, put your
price on them and list with me. I
may be able to place them for you.
State the variety and the juantity
that you have.
Mr. J. I. Bradham is today shipping
a car of good Durocs to the Richmond
Kil lthe weevil before the weevil
A real system of farming doesn't
change to meet changing prices.
Farming in the South can no long
er be done by proxy.
Where there's a will to fence the
fields ,there's a way to grow forage
crops and raise livestock.
A carpenter's saw is not a fit tool
for pruning fruit trees.
Money in co'ver crops now saves
double money on fertiliv.er bills next
"Blood will tell,"--'That's why pure
bred sires ar(e so important.
Now is ii good time to provide the
garden with a self-starter by build
ing a hot-bed or cold-frime.
Carbon h isul phide is mighty (is
coura':gi ng to I honest haird-wom'kinog
"'Dist ress"' ccot ton means; "dlistre!Ss
ed"' cotto n growers. Both arme na
tIional liab lil ities.
Why will a fa rm'r bunil a gamage
fom' his $5010 auitomoblile amid let his
$l1m0.0 worthi of tarmi rmachinery sta'y
out ithe weat her'?
It. is hard to understand how any'
farmer' enn p'ed his time hunting
and to(wn-loinfinie while cottlon stailks
anmd oithter boll we('rd hiinijg piaes' are
still undestrcoyed on his farm.
l-'aetor's in l'rofitable l'ar'minmg
Thela most imnhorttn' singlde el'm'nn
inl pro'fitale( farmbig is a "rtile soil.
Thie pr'incipal stips nce(ssaryV to se
cure'O a furt ile scil arie viveni hv Prof.
C. P'. Bla k well, ('lief' o f the A''Agron
l-'irs:t, the drmai iage must hie taken
nre of amnd the lamd not allowed to
We represent t
Bank of Columbi
Loan Act, and he
control nearly a h
If the security
rest to F
AY, County Demonstratio
)flicc Phone 247-Rosidence Phone 18
wash if it is to be built up to a high
state of fertility. In order to pre
vent washing it is necessary to have
proper terracing. Next to proper
terracing is the. incorporation of or
ganic matter as the most important
thing for our thin soils. We have
found that the greater the amount
of organic matter added to most
South Carolina soils the greater the
amount of fertilizer thet can be ap
plied with profit.
We have also found that legum is
constitute the best source of organic
matter. Legumes when grown as a
companio'. erop make the most eco
nomical contribution of organic mat
ter and nitrogen to the siil. Of these
companion crops perhaps the velvet
bean is the most valuable, when
grown as companion crop with corn.
Cowpeas and soy beans may also be
grown successfully in this way.
The legume's next most econom
ical contribution to soil improve
ment is as a winter cover crop. The
legume may be grown alone or in
combination with rye. Rye and
vetch make one of our best winter
cover crops when turned under as a
green maduring crop.
The third most important factor
in soil improvement is crop rotation.
A crop rotation in which a legume
appears as often as practicable is
extremely important in soil improve
ment and in promoting greatest effi
ciency of valuable plant food in the
soil. We have found in our experi
ments that a crop rotation contrib
utes as much to the yied of crops as
1000 pounds of 8-4-4 fertilizer
per acre. It is therefore a contribu
tion which can not be neglected.
Proper cultivation is also a very
important factor in efficient crop pm -
duction. Many of the farmers in
South Carolina do not have the pro
per plows or sufficient teams with
which to prepare and cultivate their
Another aid to successful crop prom
duction is proper use of lime and
commerical fertilizer. From our ex
periments to (late, we believe that
lime when used in connection with
organic matter and crop rotation is
a valuable aid to soil building and
economical production. The judi
cious use of commercial fertilizer is
essential to profitable crop produc
tion on .practically all of the soil of
this state. Judging both from our
experiments and from observation of
the practice of our most successful
farmers, we are convinced tbat the
above named factors are the deter
mining factors in successful crop
production in this state. We believe
that any farmer who will put into
practice proper terracing, crop rota
tion, incorporation of organic mat
ter, and combine with thi sgood til
lage practices and judicious u.se of
lime with commercial fertilizer, will
I he able to produce crops economiical
ly and prolitably.
A GOOD WIIITEWASII
Seekers after a good formula for.
whitewash will find it in the one
given below as reconimmended by the
United States Department of Agri
Take one-half bushel of unslaked
lime and1( slake it with warm wvater.
Coveir it while slaking to keep in the
steam. Strain through a fine seine
or strainer. Dissolve 8 eiuarts of salt
in the warnm water; make a thin
Paste and while boiling hot stir ini
one-half pound of Plaster of Paris
and one pound of glue, wvhirh has
been previous dissolved over a slowv
fire. Add all of this to the strained
lime ,soliution and mix well, then add~
5i gallons of hot water. Let whole
muixtunre stand for tbhree or four (lays.
It should be lput oni hot, with a small
brush. Coloring may he added, ais
Spanish brown or yellow or common
Is Wheat From Itusted Plants Fit For
Thie Bot any D)ivision has receiv~ed v'ar
ious queost ions recentl.1y regarding the
sumitabilIity for seed of wheat from a
rustedl crop. Such1 gra ins arie as good
as anyi other of the same quality. Of
cour'se if hadlly shriveled ,it would
not do so wvell.
1ey to Le
he First Carolinas J
a, organized under ti
tve connection with
g money in the coun
aif million dollars of
is right we can arrar
There are nocommercial varieties
of wheat immune to the leaf rust,
which is the most common -one in
this section. Moreover, the infection
is airborne and not seed-born. It is
clear therefore, that good grain
even if from badly rusted stalks, wilI
be as good as any other. And since
the infection is not seed-borne, no
seed treatment can influence the
amount of rust infection.
This does not mean to imply, of
course, that treatment of the seed
is of no value for stinking smut and
some other diseare are thereby con
Treatment of Calf Scours
Scours in calves may be due to over
feeding irregular feeding, feeding cold
milk, sour milk, dirty milk, use of
unsanitary feeding pails, etc., says J.
P. LaMaster, Chief of the Dairy Divis
ion, who makes the following sugges
tions for treatment:
1. For ordinary scours, as soon
as symptoms are observed, omit one
feeding and reduce next feeding to
half, and then gradually' bring up
to original quantity.
In case the disease becomes ob
stinate, give from 1 1-2 to 2 table
spoonfuls of caster oil, repeating the
(lose on the second day if necessary.
Scours may be due to the mother's
milk being too rich in butter fat.
2. To prevent white scours, tie
the navel string close to the body
and paint with iodine as soon as the
calf is born. There is no cure for
Winter War on Pests
Our insect pests for any growing
season come from those that success
fully passed the preceding winter. For
these pests to maintain themselves
on the farm in the orchard certain
conditions are necessary, says Prof.
A. F. Conradi, Entomologist, and
these conditions should not exist.
The old cotton stalks and corn
stalks, as well as unkept ditch
banks, terraces ,fence rows, etc., fur
nish shelter for the boll weevil and
other maurauding insects of farm
By tolerating an unkept orchard I
and undernourished trees we invite
San Jose scale plum curulio, apple
worm, shot hole borer, and other
pests to stay with us in our orchards
over winter and enjoy our hospital
ity. Allowing the refuse of garden
crops to remain in the garden undis
turbed is to provide comfortable
winter homes for insect enemies of
This is an opportunity to (1o away
with the old-fashioned privy, the
most repulsive and most dangerous
producer of flies anywhere. And we
have time no wto arrange for a bet
ter system of taking care of manure
instead of leaving it in open stalls
and under the open sun to rear flies
by billions next spring.
Now is a good time to care for
rain barrels, cisterns, tin cans, wa
ter holes, an dother places that breed
th& mosquitoes that make life un
comfortable on the porch and in the
house next spring.
Winter is not the idle season .s
some may think, but it is the most
implortant season to prepareti~ for. the
next year's crop and comforts.
Get Poultry Winter QQuarters in
The fall and winter months are ap
proachinig and it is very important
and niece.ssary that each and every
poulItrynian be certain that the
hioures in whliichi the puillets and liens
have t~o live are pr'operly fixed. We
can not expect the birds to give u3s
the hiest if we (do not provide suita
ble environmental conditions. The'~
pouiltriy house shoul he so coii
structed that we can obtain plentyvof
sunlight in the ent-ire hons~e sone
time dlurinig the day., Thir-n again
it should he sanitary, f.x if the birds
become sick, their vitality is lowv
eredl and~ it wvill be impossible for
them to produice eggs econonmicallIy.
Some of the other needs of proper~
housing are the following: there
should he no moisture i nthe hous~e,
for if there is, dlisease is bound to
arise; there shouldl be plenty of
ventilation but the birds should not
oint Stock Land
me Federal Farm
ty. In addition we
>rivate loan funds.
ige farm loans of
The sales p
Over 7 billi
Licrr & MYERS TOBACCO CO.
be subjected to drafts; to keep the
health and vigor up to a maximum
there should be plenty 'of room for
the birds to exercise. The house
should not be kept too hot or al
lowed to become to cold, for either
will throw the birds out of condi
tion, which will result in a low egg
Now is the time to put the poul
try house in an ideal condition. It
should be thoroughly disinfected and
cleaned, and should have plenty 'i
clean litter on the loor. This lit
ter is necessary for it is in this way
that we induce the birds to exercise
by feeding the grain mixtures in 't.
The nests are a very ;mportant
part of the house equipment. The
hen likes a dark secluded place in
which to lay her eggs. With this in
view the nests should be located un
ier the (opping boards. There
should be clean dry straw in the
nests and it should be kept clean
if the 'hens are to produce good clean
In short cheery, clean, dry san
An ugly cuti
is antiseptic and
With every new a
we will lve FRE
cover with cutter
without a machit
check from being
amount, and then
- 'r. M um
e suggests it.
m sold yearly
itary, well ventilated, well littered
houses-mean dividends in the form
of a larger supply of eg~gs.
HAS BIG CELEBRATION
A single check for $1,127,,673.06
was received by the Tobacco Growers
Co-operative Association last week on
account of sales of redried tobacco
from the South Carolina belt made to
R. J. Reynolds company.
All of this money was turned loose
in South Carolina and border North
Carolina markets along with some
proceeds from other sales of South
Carolina tobacco in the second ad
vance to member tobacco growers on
Monday, November 13.
Moss meetings of tobacco growers
in celebration of this second -payment
in the South Carolina belt were held
at Kingstree, Florence, Conway, Mul
lins and Cowards. Treasurer J. II.
Craig and Executive Manager Sands
add~ressed the growvers and told them
howv their organization was hanadlIing~
tobacco in a business-like manner to
the advantage of the growvers. Memn
bers in South Carolina had been told
that they would never get any mnore
than their first adlvance but wvith the
scond1( paymnent alreandy nmade and
CHECK BOOK FIR
7* OUR BANK
WITHOUT A MAC
IVEN WITHOUT COS1
nent in Banking Servic
ecount opened at our bank I
E this handsome book of P]
attached. This new system <
LO enables you to protect ti
raised. Just write your che
tear off at the margin (lk,
BANK OF MAN)
JZON, Cashier JOSEPHI SPR~
J A ME M. SPROflTP Annt. Canhie
the statement that there was more to
come the South Carolina growers are
feeling much better. They are alsoV
reported to be less ready to believe
any of the wild rumors started
enemies of the Association.
At the coming meeting of the Board
of Directors which will be held i
Raleigh next week arrangements are
to be made for a second payment in
Eastern North Carolina and a ,de
finite date for this payment will pro
bably be set.
Some or your automobile tools
are so seldom useful that the garage
mechanic doesn't feel justified
G. C. COOPER,
Glasses Fitted, Broken
L nses Duplicated.
SUJMT ER, S. C.
EE TO YOU.
r TO YOU
e FREE~ to You
or $ 5.00 or more,
if check protection
te amount of youv
ick for the desired
a a money crder).