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I. I. Appelt---------------..-Editor
F. M.' Shope-------- Business Mgr.
Published Evdry Wednesday
Subscription Rates $2.00 per year
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1922
South Carolina Association to be Rep
resented-Meet in Washington.
Co-operative Commodity Asso'r.
Lions Plan National Organization.
L. D. Jennings of, Sti'ter, A. R.
Johnston of St. George and E. Wal
lace 'vans of Bennettsvilel, will rep
resent the South, Carolina Cotton
Growers' Co-operative association at
the national conference of comodity
co-operative Associations to be held in
Washingtor, December 14, 15 and 16.
All thbge are members of the board of
directors of the South Carolina asso
The conference at Washington has
been 'called for the purpose of form
ing a national organization of the com
modity marketing associations Judge
Robert W. Bingham of Louisville, Ky.,
representing the tobacco associations,
will be chairman of the meeting and
Carl Williams of Oklahoma, represent
ing the cotton associations, will be the
Representatives of the 160,000 cot
ton growers belonging to co-operative
marketing associations will attend the
conference. Delegates from five big
tobacco growers' -rganizationa that
handle the sale qf some two-thirds
of the entire crop will speak for the
200,000 members of those )rganira
tions. Representatives from something
like 15 state wheat growers' organiza.
Lions will be in attendance. Dairy
producers' organizations from the At
fantic to the Pacific, organs growers
from the West, to the East, vegetable
and melon growers organizations from
every district in the country, the pro
ducers of California dried fruits, the
co-operative poultrymen and members
of numerous other co-operative asso
ciations wil The represented.
More than $1,000,000,000 worth of
farm products, it is estimeted will be
marketed by co-operative associations
this year. Among these products are
cotton, tobacco, wheat, alfalfa, peanut
milk, eggs, fruits, maple sugar, raisins
prunes, rice, tomatoes, live stock and
The South Carolina delegates will.
be able to report tremendous growth!
of the cooperative marketing idea in
this stage. The Souht Carolina Cotton
Growers' Cooperative association is
making its debut this season in a
manner that is said to be very grati
fyinig to its entire membership and
to the bankers and1( business men of
the state. Trhe 'ri-State . Tobacco
Growers' aissociation -comprising the
tobalcco gro~wers of North Cuaroli:.a
and South Carolina and Virginia made
its debut. this year and the morale of
its membership, is said to be 100 per
Tlhe South Carolina Cotton Grow
ers' Cooperative aissocia tion was for
mally organized .June 16, 1922 with a
membership of approximately 9,000.
Over 2,000 members have been add~ed
since that time, giving it a memb~er
ship, todlay (I fover 11,0(00. Many of
these memblers have been added since
the opening oft the cotton season aid
were secued s a result (If very gen
erali satisfactioni with the operations
of the atssociation.
STIATIES MAY lIPOSE~
TiA X UPJON P'RODUCTS
Action May hRe Taken Hlefore Such
Products Enter Interstate Comn
meceC Eiven Though Other States
,Are Large Consumers, Holds Una
ited States Supreme Court.
Washington, Nov. 27.-States may
impose a tax upo~n products prodIuced
within their borders before such
produlcts enter initers5tate commerce
eveni though other states are large
coinsumers of suchl producits anid doi
nolt pioduce them, the supreme courb
The deeision was handed down in
a case challengin'g the constitution
ality o fthe tax. imposed by Pennsyl
vania upon anthracite coal, and was
rendered by Justice McKenna, go dis
sents being- noted.
The importance of the decesion was
emphasized by New York, New Jer
sey, elaware and the New England
states in denouncing the tax as giv
ing Pennsylvania a monopoly, and as
levying a tribute upon those states
which do not produce but must have
anthracite as fuel.
Two questions were presented, one
whether Pennsylvania in taxing, an
thracite and not bituminous coal had
not illegally discriminated in its clas
sification, and the other. whether it
was not a tax upon interstate com
nierce. It was contefided by those
opposing the ti.k that, if sustained
by the suipweme court wheat and
corn prodpcl'ng states could tax such
grains, the Southern states cotton,
and.'inanufacturing states could im
pose a tax on manufactured products.
The tax in question, while compara
tively a new method among states for
raising revenues, apparently is grow
ing in popularity and there is now
pending in the supreme court a case
involving an attack nuon the tax im
posed by Minnesota upon iron ore
mined within its borders.
Sustained by State Courta
The Pensylvania case was brought
by ,Roland C. Heisler against the
Thomas Colliery company and others
and officers of the state. The law
which was attacked was passed in
1921 and sustained by the state courts
after two laws previously passed and
substantially the same is all essen
tial features had been declared by
those courts unconstitutional.
Regarding the contention that an
thracite and bituminous coal are fuels
and necessarily, therefore, must be
associated in the same class for tax
ation, and that not to so associate
them was arbitrary and unreasonable,
creating inequality which rendered
the tax invalid, Justice McKenna
after describing the respective uses
of the two fuels, declared that 'it is
competent for a state to exempt cer
tain kinds of property and tax others,
the restraint" upon it only being
against particular persons and
Discriminati'ns merely are not in
hibited, for it was recognized that
there are "discriminations which the
best interest of society requires."
The differences between anthracite
and bituminous coal the court found
to be so great as to be "a jus; basis
for their 'Ilerent classifications."
They differ ev'ei :.3 "fuels," it assert
ed, and they differ fundamentally in
other particulars, Hence, following
this line of reasoning it held that the
state could impose a tax upon ant'-ra
cite which would be valid alth iugh
bituminous was tax free.
Importance as Fuel
Emphasis given to the importance
of anthracite as a fuel in those states
which attacked the law was reviewed
by the court, which pointed out that it
some of them municipal laws and ordi
uances forbade the use of other coal
for dlomestic purposes. It was also
pointed out that 80 per cent. of the
total anthracite production of Pensyl
vania was shipped outside that state.
Wrhetheri any state lawv or action in
fringes upon interstate commerce, Jus
tice l~cKenna declared, dlependis upon
the law or action and not upon what
may be said as to the motive for it.
"A tax upon articles in one state.
that are destined for use in another
state," he said, "can not be called a
regulation of interstate cornmerce
whether imposed in the certainty of a
return from a monopoly existing, or
in the dloub~t and hances because of
completition. The action of the state
as a regulation of interstate commerce
does5 not dependl upon the degree of
interference; it is illegal in any de
The court discussed at length the
qjuestioni whether the produ -ts of a
state that have, or are' destinled to
have a, mariket in other states, are sub
jeste of interstate commerce, though
they have not moved from the place of
their produiction or preparation. If
the possibility or certainty that an
article produced in one state was (lea
tined for markets in another deter
mined it to be interstate commerce be
fore the beginning of its movement
from the state, the court said, it
wvould seem to follow that it is in such
emiherce from the instant of its
growth or production, and in the case
of coal, as they lie in the ground.
Such a ruling would, it added, nation
alize all industries.
oN THlIltI T~ItlM
Los Angeles, Nov. 28.---The jury in
the case of Arthur C. Bureh-tried
here for the third timie for the murder
of J1. Belton Kennedy, local broker,
retired to deliberate on a verdict late
666 quickly relieves Colds
andl La(rippe, Constipation,
Bilinnnss and Hedaces.
onl. WAY Mg..$Ays COULD
DMPIovE THE MO'Ie.SnruArToN
IS -ro HAve 'EM CLOw. J1.TM
aVE sIG UNT.IL THE wOMeN FOLtM
6ET THE SUPPeI- 01 w.41W
Obt erving Ole
"Some girls' faces ain't worth the
skin they are painted on.".
Order in the Court Room
"Get the prisoner a name and then
go tell his mother."
"Plaiz, y'r honor, don't'iyou think
his mother knows his name."
Drill Captain-"Right shoulder
a-rmsl Left shoulder a-rmsl Pre
sent a-rms! Right sho'der arms!
Left sho'der a-r-"
Militia Rook (,putting gun down)
-"F'r Heaven's sake, man-MAKE
UP YOUR MIND."
Well, Read It Your Way
Little Willie Burns,
Yes, little Will Burns.
He sat on a stove,
Yes, little Willie burns.
"Young man, I'm surprised at
you. You come from a good family
-and when you toot that watch
you knew it was wrong."
"Sure, y'r Honor, but it was only
five minutes off, so why hesitate?"
We've Been It
"Hey, Pop, what's the ul-ti-mate
"Oh, the last one-the last one to
"Well, Maw says I'm that Sunday,
when company comes."
"What's all this bunk about vita
mines in food? I don't believe a
word of it. My ancestors got along
mithout such stuff."
"Yeh,---but look at your ancestors.
Dead, all DEAD."
Hot Out of the Oven
Mother brags because son is college
Father says he knows it takes a lot of
We all know that son has plenty of
Times were hard for an old couple
in Europe so they wrote to their
son in America, "Il you don't help
us we will have to go to the poor
Two weeks later tihey received a
cable collect, "make reservation~s for
three. I'm joining you."
So P'lain Spoken
"What's the penalty for steal a
"Hardl labor for life."
BURN ED TO D)EATPH
Covington, Ga., Nov. 28.-Three
e,hildren were burned to death, two are
reported dying, 30 more received pain
ful burns and are now under care of
physicians and others had narrow
escapes from a fire that destroyed the
High Point school, abor~t seven miles
south of here today.
TPwel've of the children on the in
jured list, physicians say, are suffer
ing from broken bones and internal
~ijuries, but will recover. Practically
all of the children are under ten years
The charred bodies of the three
children have been removed from the
burned building but as yet have not
been identified. They appeared to be
less than eight years of age. The in
jured are being cared for in homes
here and some of them are being pro
pared to be sent to Atlanta hospitals.
School ofmcials stated tonight that
two of the dleadl bodies recovered are
believed to be the children of J. J.
Steele and Charles Bachelor. Both
Mr. Steele and Mr. Bachelor each have
reported that two more of their 'chil
(Iron are missing.'
The authorities also have a list of
six boys and six girls whom their par
ents have report at a late hour to
night that they have been unable to
locate. A careful recheck of those on
the injured list was being made at
.Washington, Nov. 2Sr-&nator
Cummins announced torjay he had do
cided to withhold the proposed bill
amendling the transportation act un
til next cngens.
CEND STLA?: : \""1r
" ~CONYENTION IN BUNTER
The annual convention of the Sum
ter District .Christian , ldeavor Un-.
Ion, met at,.tho Presbyterian Church'
in Sumter on last Sunday, -November
26th. The meeting proved quite an
enthusiastir one,' delegates number
ing about 87. The following program
11:40-Devotional, led' by Dr. J. P.
Marion of Sumter.
12:0-Addresa,. by Dr. J. P. bigIpp
ments of Committees.
12:40-Adjourn for lunch.
2:10-Called to Prayer, S. W. Dendy
2:20-Primary and Junior Rally.
2:50-Address-"The Chalenge of
C. E. to the Young People of Our
District," by Mr. D. S. MacDonald of
3:10-Foreign Missions-T. C. E.
3:30-Conference, work of commit
tees, led by S. W. Dendy.
3:40-Report of committees, elec
tion and installation of District Of
3:50 Address-"Decision Service,"
by S. W. Dendy.
One of the most enjoyable features
of the program was the address. by
our Field Secretary, S. Wilkes Dendy,
his winning personality and earnest,
interesting talk were appreciated by
The new district officers elected are
as fillows: President, G. W. 3haw of
Sumter; Vice President, Stephen Har
vin of Manning; Secretary, Miss Eu
genia Miller of Sumter; Treasurer,
Robert Reaves of New Harmony;
Chairman Junior Department, Mrs.
Mallard of Sumter; Chairman Inter
mediate, Mrs. Marion Wilson of Sum
Press Reporter, Miss Alice Wilson
DILLON HAS HEAVY SNOW FALL
Dillon, Nov. 28.-The people of Dil
lon were astonished this morning
when they awoke to find that the
ground was covered with snow and a
heavy snow falling.
IN REMEMBRANCE '
Died November 24th, 1922, Mrs.
Lizer Watt of Summerton, South
Carolina, age sixty-one.
A precious one from us has gone,
A voice we loved is still,
A place is vacant in our hearts that
never can be filled,
Precious sister thou hast left us,
Left us, yes, forever more,
But we hope to meet our loved one
On that happy golden shore,
Gone but not forgotten.
Daughter, Sister and Brothers.
Mrs. E. C. Nettles Alsbrook, Principal
Manning, South Carolina
Fifteen standard units hIgh school
English, French, Latin, mathematics,
history, science and penmanship.
I'horough preparation for any college.
Students for Winthrop and Clemson
win honors. Individual instruction.
Thorough grounding. Rapid progress.
Students accomplish more in one year
otherwise in two. TuItion, 36 weeks,
$45. Terms, September 11, 1022 to
May 31, 1923. Christmas holiday,
December 22 to Jan. 6. Daily sessiou
9 a. m. to 12:30 D. m.
t ndoAWE*AD, OCAt:
WE't. F 1'A M'4 E
ACRoc4 NERPG v~lrMOUr
'EEN - I CAN G.ET 'UM AN'/
President Harding and Forme
the principals in impressive Armin
D. C. In simple ceremony Pres. H.
Unknown Soldier, to place a huge
Former President Wilson brol
3.000 admirers marched to his home
tribute was to our soldier boys wh<
The more a man loves argument,
the less he loves work.
Girl named Przybyeylowiez mar
ried in Now Jersey and, her name is
Mrs. Potts, so everybody is hapy.
SIX PERCENT M 0 N E Y-Under
Bankers Reserve System 6 per cent
loans may be secured on city or
farm property ,to buy, build, im
prove, or pay indebtedness. Bank
ers Reserve Deposit Company, 1648
California Street, Denver, Colora
POR SALF--Waltut Trees; 5Oe each.
R. S. Elliott & Son, Silver, S. C.
WANTED-Hardwood Logs--we pay
highest cash price for choice Ash,
Poplar, Cypress and White Ooak
logs of standard specification, de,
livered to Sumter by rail or truck.
We buy logs twelve months in the
year and give preference to loggers
equipped to bring in a steady sup
ply. What have you to offer? Sum
ter Hardwood Co. Sumter S. C.
NOTICE OF SALE
State of South Carolina,
[n Re Estate of L. R. Tindal, deceas
In The Probate Court.
Notice of Sale.
Pursuant to Order of the Probate
Court in the above stated matter to
me directed, I will sell at public auc
tion to the highest bidder or bidders
44 w ABOUT
ra e e Herep
r President Woodrow. Wilson were
tce Day activities at Washington,
irding visited the grave of America's
Floral wreath, as shown in the upper
e his long silence whed more than
in Washington to pay tribute. His'
made the supreme saco:fice. e
for cash, at eleven A .M., December
13, 1922; at the office of Weinberg and
Stukes, in the town of Manning, S. C.,
the following described personal pro
All accounts receivtble owned by
the aforesaid Estate, secured and un
Bond and real estate mortgage of
E. L. Fairey to L. R. Tindal dated
January Ii0th, 1916. . .
Bond and real estate .mortgage of
John Preston and Ben Baxter to L. R.
Tindal, dated December 6th, 1920.
Five shares of stock of National
Bank of South Carolina, of Sumter.
Ten shares common stock of Caro
lina Stock Farms.
Fifty shares - preferred stock of
Carolina Stock Farms.
JULIA C, TINDAL,
District Court of the United States
for the Eastern District of South
Carolina. In Bankruptcy.
In the matter of Manning Oil Mill
of Manning in -the County of Claren
don and District aforesaid, q bankrupt.
To the Creditors of said Bankrupt:
Notice is hereby given that on the
2nd day of November, 1922, the above
named was duly adjudgedU bankrupt;
and that the first meeting of his cre
ditors will be held at the office of
Purdy & O'Bryan, Manning, S. C., on
the 27th day of November, 1922, at
12 o'clock noon,. at which time the
saidl creditors may attend, prove their
claims, appoint a trustee, examine the
bapkrupt and transact such other
business as may properly come before.
saidi meeting. At this meeting wilt
also be considlered the sade of the
stock of merchandlise and other per
sonal property of the bankrupt, with
out further notice to credlitors. Claims
Imust be filed in the manner prescribed
by the rules of the supreme court for
filing of claims in bankruptcy.
Ro>bert J. Kirk,
I Referee in Bankruptcy.
MeRe I A/4 Act. PRESYtEI?
WArrrM6 FOlt MY TROUSERS AN
oLt-te Srrrb'J 'n.IERE TAL.KING'
tOySE1ea ON THE IRoN#4lJ
RONG I 'MJPPosr
~" ATE .