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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, December 13, 1922, Section One Pages 1 to 8, Image 1

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VOL. XLII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1922
HONOR ROLL FOR
BAGGEIT SCHOOL
1st. grade-Josephine Tucker 92;
Tom Rhodas 91; Maria Hodge 90.
Adv. 1st. grade-Ishmael Hodge 96;
Susie Ridgeway 95; Peraney 'lucker
95; Ruby Ridgeway 94; Junius Haley
90.
2nd. grade--Julia Rhodas 96.
5th. grade--Pearl Baggett 92; Mat
tie Haley 90.
WILL ENTERTAIN
The Clarendon Chapter of Winthrop
Daughters will be entertained by Mrs.
J. E. Arant and Miss Tora Bagnal at
the residence of the former on Satur
da tyafternoon, D6cember 16th at 4
o'clock. All graduates and former
students of Winthrop College are
cordially invited to be presdnt on this
occasion.
The following program will be ren
dered:
Prayer, Mrs. R. R. Jenkinson.
Music.
Toast, "Our Alma Mater," Miss
Marie Dunlap.
Reading, 'The Future Winthrop,"
Mrs. D. C. Plowden.
Music.
Messages from Winthrop, Miss
Rosa Ervin.
Gleaner's News, Mrs. W. R. Gray.
Music.
History of Clarendon County, Mrs.
1. T. Lesesne, Jr.
Music.
Business Meeting.
U. D. C. MEETS
The December meeting of the U.
D. C. will be held at the home of Mrs.
G. L. Dickson, Wednesday afternoon,
December 20th at 3:30 o'clock, with
Mrs. S. O. O'Bryan and Mrs. F. C.
Thomas assisting hostesses. The fol
lowing is the program:
Roll Call answered with names of
South Carolina orators.
Paper-"Historic Homes of South
Carolina," Mrs. J. F. Brndliam.
Selection from South Carolina Au
thor, Mrs. A. T. Helms.
Music.
Report of delegate to State Con
vention.
Song.
Rabin I. McDavid, of Greenville,
suggested that there were two
great theories of road building.
One the count yunit plan and the
other a system of roads with the
State as a unit. The t ie had come,
he thought, for the State -tlend its
credit for the building of highways,
and, with that idea in view, he
made a motion that the conference
go on record as favoring a State
bond issue for road purposes. J.
A. Banks, of StO Matthews, amend
ing the foregoing to specify a State
wide system of hard-surfaced roads
connecting each of the county seats.
Mr. Banks told of the plan which
was carefully worked out in the
General Assembly three years ago
for a State-wide system, the funds
to ho derived from a bond issue of
between twenty-five and thirty
million dollars, and the system was
carefully marked out on a blue
print, the highways connecting
each of the county seats. The plan
failed for the reason that there
was such a multitude of ideas in
the Generfal Assembly that the
body could not get down to a ivork
able basis. He was satisfied that,
if the people thoroughly under
stood what the bond issue meant,
in the decrease in' wear and tear
on cars and thQ saving of gaso
line (luring a year, that they would
gladly vote for it; provided, they
are shown just where the roads are
.to be built and what benefits they
are to derive from them.
L. D. Jennings, of Sumter, thought
that it would not be wise to start
with a bond issue of less than $50,
000,000 and the Statp plan to such
that every county seat in South
Carolina would be connected with
a hard-surfaced system of roadls.
H~e thought that t here should be
a careful survey of the State show
ing just where the roads are to
be built, the material from which,
they .are to be constructed and
that each count ybe paid for work
already (lone by it in the State sys
tem based on the price of the work
at the. flotation of the bond issue.
Would Save Money
Mr. Jennings said that a hard
surfaced system of roads would
save the people untold millions of
dollars each year, and the issue
could soon be p aid for. He said
that the automobiles of the State
consume $17,000,000 worth of gas
line each year, that approximate
ly $60,000,000 is paidl every twvo
years for new cars and - that thie
wear andl tear on them each year
aggregates $10,000,000. Estimating
that the gasoline consumption would
be reduced one-third, that the life of
a car would be Increased from two to
six years and that its wear and tear
woulId be decreased two-thirds by a
system of hard-surfaced roads, M~r.
Jennings claimed that app roximnately
$40,000,000 annually would be saved
to the 100,000 automobile owners in
the State, estimating each car to be
worth an average of $1,000 and the
repair bill on it to be $100 annually.
Assuming, however, that hard-sur
faced roads connectedl only the-county
seats, he said, andl that the automo
bile owner traveled on them only one
third of his mileage, then the saving
would be at least $10,000,000 a year,
enough to take up the $50,000,000
bond Issue in six years, and pay its
Interest.
(Continus-J on pna Four)
GOOD ROADS BOND
ISSUE IS FAYORABLE
By Conference Called by Governor
Harvey
TO WORK OUT DETAILS
Committee Appointed 'to Prepare
Plan to Be Submitted to
Legislature
Columbia, Dec. 11.--The good roads
conference recently called by Gover
nor Harvey, meeting here today, de
cided to ask the General Assembly
to submit a bond issue to the people of
the State, and preliminary to that,
selected a committee to decide on the
system, the amount of the issue and
other details to be embraced in a bill
it is prepare and report back to the
conference at a later date.
The committee, one member from
each congressional district, with A.
B. Langley of Columbia, a member
of the State Highway Comniission,
as ex officio chairrhan, is as fol'
lows: First District, W. W. Smoak
of Walterboro; Second, -Capt. W. D.
Black of Williston; Third, E. P.
McCravy of Easley; Fourth, B. H.
Peace of Greenville; Fifth Col. T.
B. Spratt of Fort Mill; Sixth, Col.
D. A. Spivey of Conway, and
enth, Claud N. Sapp of Colur mi'.
The conference was unaniu' .ms in
the opinion th t there should be a
bond issue sub itted to the people,
but there was some doubt as to
the feasibility of naming the amount,
issues of all the way from $25,000,000
to $100,000,000 being suggested dur
ing the meeting. However, the
amount was left to the committee, as
was the composition of the road. It
was the consensus that, preliminary
to any elecio'n on bonds, which, to be
successful, must have a majority of
two-thirds of the votes cast, it will
be necessary for the people to know
just what roads the State system
will embrace; and, further, it
seemed to be the opinion that the
expenditure of funds from the issue
must be divorced entirely from poli
tics, and to that end, it was sug
gested that the bill provide a com
mission of prominent and patriotic
business men of the State under
Svhose direction the proceeds be dis
bursed.
Representative Body Present
The conference was one of the
most representative of the many
such.-. gatherings held at Columbia
in recent years, and bespoke the
intense interest the people are tak
ing in the matter of permanent, im
proved highways. There were an
proximately 150 of the leading busi
ness and professional men and wo
men of the State present from
every county and practically all the
cities.
A. B. Langley of Columbia, a mem
ber of the State Highway Commission,
was elected chairman of the confer
ence, and Ben M. Sawyer, executive
secretary of the State Budget Com
mission, was its secretary. The cos
.ference did not adjourn sine die, be
merely took a recess for some future
(late, to be rev ssembled at the call of
the chairman, when the committee
has canvassed the situation and pre
pared its b'll. This other meeting
will be at some (late prior to the
meeting of the next General As
sembly, which convenes January
10th.
Governor Harvey, in assembling
the meeting, gave a brief reason
for the call, stating that while
South Carolina is in a serious fi
nancial condition, yet the condition
of its permanent highways' also is
a matter of serious moment. He
thought a conference such as this
would do much in the way of a
recommendlation to the Legislature
of some concrete plan of road
building and maintenance, andl ho
asked that there be no pridec of
opinion, but that out of the wvelter
of ideas a proposal of real merit
be evolvced for legislative consid
eration.
When the Executive suggested
that a ghairman be elected from
among the personnel of the gath
ering, Claud N. Sapp, of Columbia,
suggesiedl the name of Mr. Lang
ley, whereupon, Governor Harvey,
telling of his strong personal lik
ing for (he nominee and his high
character and ability, suggested
that the State Highway Depart
ment, as far as possible, be dl
vorcedl from the conference, so that
the idea would not get, abroad that
the gathering was under the dom
inance of the department and for
the purpose of strengthening it.
However, Mr. Langley was elected
by acclamation.
Upon taking the chair, the chair
man saidl that, when the matter
of the chairmanship wvas firse
broached to him, he thought his
connection with the highway de
partment might cause criticism, but
he was dlissuaded from his view.
Mr. Langley's Views
Mr. Langley said that two great
things were to be considered, first,
in a correct system-adlequate mil
cage knd~ adequate construction
and, afte'r that, proper maintenance
comes up. The matter of a suffi
cient fund for road maintenance
now confronts the conference and
the State, he said. Among the
things he suggestedl considering
were the setting aside of a suffi
cient fund from the automobile 11
cense tax for maintenance, to be
apportioned according to needs and
the passage of a law requiring the
railroads to pay 50 per centum of
the cost of eliminating grade cross
len..
A Christmas Tragedy.1
PADON HAt4'T A/NTh/N6 BUT
G.QCERIES! VOW RUN AND
-LAY IM TH E KITCHEN
Boll Weevil Poisoning
Problem Persists
David R. Coker Surveys Results Obtained in Control of
The Cotton Pest by Various Methods and Submits
Certain Conclusions That He Has Reached.
To the Editor of The State: the cotton acreage.
Your editorial of December 4 seems i. The expense and dificulty o:
to call for sonic further information the government method put
from me as to the success of the cal- completely out of reach of the av
cium arsenate-molasses method of crags cotton producer.
weevil control. It seems perfectly evident tha
Let me say first, however, a- few if and when" the bureau of ento
words as to my whole attitude on lgy proportio n cotton ais
the subject of weevil control: For ersl that thei meth cotol ii
more than a dozen years I have ncssar toesucesdf coto i
been 'studying the subject, have
been breeding varieties that might Ong under boll weevil conditions, at
be expected to successfully meet immediate scremble for the avail
thewe ev- able supply of calcium arsenat
oring to work out mthodls of farm sky high, t a r ace will o:
practice which might prove sue- be tanbther illto
cessful under weevil conditions. I can wa rated the pa tye
carefully watched the government on a c ratel fe of th
work on weevil control and when ore ablempate ca e
he arrived in force last spring put the are o th mter al au
these methods into operation on the whole otto id tril a(
the majority of our cotton areas. wre oe than ino s, jusl t
We also in limited way tested the the of th it vanw in ju ict
molasses-calcium arsenate method,
of which we had heard good e-enate.
whchwrhtdharsgo Calcium Arsenate Supply.
ports.
Our experiments with the lust- The above will not be true if at
ing method were comparative fail- unlimited supply of cacium arse
ures, as these fields became heavi- nate were available, but as the en
ly infested with a small yellow tire available supply was xhaust
plant louse following the dusting ed this year and as there is !c
and these lice severely damaged the likelihood of a great increase it
cotton. No damage infestation production, the above statement:
followed the molasses method and are evidently true.
good results were obtained where It has for sore months, ther:
it was used. This season we again fore, seemed to me absolutely nec
treated one field with the dusting essary that soni cheap nd simp
method and observed the same re- mto fwei oto ed
action of heavy plant louse i..vsd oefrmo-h acu
festation, whiech we checked by an reae ndmlse mth,
aplhication of sulphe~t of nico- blee festi eey
tine. Ihv edteFoiablei
Notwithstanding our unfortunate N.15rfre oi oreio
experience wvith the duist'ng nmeth-ia nltnktreotsnefth
0(d and that of several other far-m- ms osrcie pee fepr
ers in this section, I freely admitmna wok er(le. M
that the -dusting method hasSmtisacrflepieto o
usually proved to be profitable and rpt nh a otnhl
that it is apt ,to save a large pro-an deosrtd nida whc
portion of the cotton crop where wl lotcrany b ~ge
properly applied,.eei otecto rdcr
There are several v' ry serious(0 no thk, owvrtatM
objections to it, however, and I feelSmt' exrins(oay on
that some method of weevil con-elesfrta te)aeth ls
trol must be .worked out which wr nievlcnrl h ia
will overcome these objections.lyacpe idao cntlwi
Until such a method is put before Irbbyebd oeo h e
the people there is no hope that trso oto h ehd o
weevil control wvill beconme generalemlyd
andi that any large proportion of Exeintwhcweav co
the cotton crop can be saved.dutdhr em osow ha.M
Objections to D~usting Sihcudpoal ae gte
The principal objections to theasgoreutwihheueff:
(lusting meth odsd as recommendl-lesccim aentprare i
ed by those in charge of the wee-th sige apcton wch h
vil control work last spring, are: md. Ihp htnx.ya
1. It dloes not adivocate pols- wl pl fe qad ikn
oning of the weevils until they have mxue o acu reae m
had an opoprtunity to rein:'est thelass nd wtr ctiig o
fields by puncturing the first ap-moeta on-lipud fcl
pearing squares. .eu areae prce. Orr
2. It n'equires that the poison sit n hs f mn te
be applied undler certi n condli-frm sIn tae ho tat v:
tions of moisture and absence of wneelweiscnb ild o
wind which conditions are notonteyugctonb sch a
usually present except at night and apiain te xeiot
arc not phesent every night,.hc ehv are e hsya
3. M~ore or less expensive ma-semtshw ha vry int
chinery is necessary for its appli- aons o acu reaea
cation,.itea n une o w me
4. The government recipt re-peace iamxtr ofolse
quires; the a pilication of-large euan- adwtrmy efc ih d
tities of calcium arsenate various- ge fwei oto. W is
ly estimated at 20 to 40 poundsdo frhr epimnng hw
(ad under certain conditions much eebfr aigti seto
more) per acer. It is estimated thatMrSitwolIhnkasohv
the available supp y of calcium ar-gotnbtersusifhha e
senate present and prospective will
treatnot mre thn 10 er cet tho Cotnucedage. g S
r Pop
v~ P"OND PARENT T YNG TO
s4EAK PRESENT 'S D EOU E
ANP IS CAVGQ T IN -E Acr
W4IATCHA ~
604
-recavr .
MRS. SPROTI WRITES Of
W. C. T. U. CONENTION
Dear White Ribboners:
I wish it had been the privilege of
each one of you to be with me at the
two great W. C. T. U. meetings in
Philadelphia-the 11th convention of
the World's W. C. T. U. and the 48th
convention of the national W. C. T. U.
of the United States of America. The
utter impossibility of conveying any
adequate impression, giving any ade
quate account of what I saw and
heard really oppresses me as I begin
this message to you.
Necessarily only the highest points
can be touched, and where as a mat
ter of fact every numb-.r on the pro
gram was a high point the difficulty
is to select the highest. The world's
convention opened in the ballroom of
the Bellevue-Strafford hotel. Satur
day night, November 11, with a recep
tion and banquet. At the initial meet
ing, it was evident that the attend
ance broke all records. The really
spacious auditorium was packed and
hundreds could not get in.
There were adresses of welcome
and responses from many of the for
eign visitors. The burden of most
of the responses was expressions of
pleasure that the speakers were in
"dry America," and appeals for their
own countries. "We are watching the
United States-we are depending on
your holding fast and making a suc
cess of prohibition," was heard again
and again, not only at this first in
formal meeting but throughout the
four days of the world's convention.
These women were here to learn; they
were eager for information; they
wanted practical suggestions for their
own campaigns, they wanted to see if
prohibition was being enforced and
wvith what effect. It was thrilling to
see their eager faces, to listen to
their enthusiasm, to witness their
faith. It gave one a warnm feeling
around the heart to realize that the
little white ribbon hound uis all to
gether in a great sisterhood to h-elp
"lift .the world to the light."
Convention Sermon
At 11 o'clock Sunday morning the
convention sermon was preachedl in
the Church of the Holy Trinity by
the rector, Dr. Floyd W. Tomkins.
For over 30 years this great E pisco
pal divine has been a staunch friend
of toemperance, prohibition and the W.
C. T. U. The beautiful service, the
music, the simple but strong sermon,
theosiritual atmosphere, the vast
crowd of wrsthprs aheredI from
man lads;mad ths amemorable
Sabbath morning.
The afternoon and evening meetings
wer~e held in the Academy of Music.
Around the galleries wore flags,
autumn leaves, pine boughs, and
shields in the colors of the various na
tions federated in the World's W. C.
T. U. with the (late of its organiza
tion.
Sunday afternoon was dlevotedl to a
memorial service for the Countess of
Carlisle, Lady Henry Somerset, and
other world officers who had passed
beyond since the last world's conven
tion, and a prayer service. Short
.adidresses were madle by Miss Agnes
Slack of England Mrs. McLeod of Aus
tralia and Miss Mary J. Campbell of
India. (To learn what all of the speak
ers said at all of these meetings, you
must take The Union Signal. If you
are not a subscriber, sendl 15 cents
to'national headquarters and got the
three convention issues). Sunday
night It was a pleasure to see again
Mrs. Milne of Sc'otland, who offered
prayer. Many of you met her at our
state convention.
The features of this evening's pro
gram were the addresses of Dr. Cher
WILSON TO QUIT
PRACTICE OF LAW
Announcement Made by Bainbridge
Colby
RETURN TO POLITICS?
"Turning Energies Once More to Sub
jects Which Have Long
Invited Him.".
New York Dec. 12.-Bainbridge Col
by, secretary of state in President
,Wikon'b cabi'net,; -annouhced today
that his law partnership with the for
mer president would terminate De-,'
cember 31, at the expiration of thei'
copartnership agreement. The 'an
nouncement was made from the -local
offices of Wilson & Colby.
Beyond saying that the former pres
ident "is turning his energies once
more to subject which, have long in
vited him," Mr. Colby made no state
ment as to Mr. Wilson's plans for the
future.
It was announced that Mr. Colby
would continue the practice of law in
this city.
"As a result of the steady gain in
Mr. Wilson's health during the last
few months," Mr. Colby said, "which
has been so gratifying to his friends,
he is turning his energies once more
to subjects which have long invited
him, and the importance of which
can not be over estimated."
Termination of the professional re
lationship with Mr. Wilson was with
the keenest regret, he said, adding:
"Mr. Wilson's disciplined power and
effectiveness as a lawyer have been a
veritable revelation, considering the
long interruption of his active work
at the bar. He has taken a most ac
tive interest in the work of the firm
and has shown the same effective
ness that he displayed in every field
into which he turned his energies.
"Ou. relations are of the most cor
dial character imaginable, as they
have always been."
Washington, Dec. 12.-Bainbridge
Colby's announcement of the termina
tion of his law partnership with
Woodrow Wilson is no surprise to
Washington and is regarded as an ad
ded evidence that the former president
is again turning his attention to poli
tics, particularly the fortunes of the
Democratic party in 1924.
What degree of leadership Mr. Wil
son may expect to assume in his party
is probably known to himself at this
time and it is doubtful that even the
few who are numbered among his con
fidants can venture to speak with any
authority on the subject. Since the
whole question of the former presi
dent's political activities depends
largely upon the condition of his
health it may be said that his physi
cal condition is vitrually the same as
it was a year ago and that recent cal
lers report his mind as active as it
ever was.
When he left the White House in
far worse physical condition than he
is today, it was Mr. Wilson's intention
to remain apart from politics. But as
the recent campaign drew near he
yielded to the suggestions of those
close about him and took some part
by way of writing letters which were
introduced into the campaign in var
ious states. At the same time Mr.
Wilson renewed his activity in inter
national affairs and began keeping
himself closely advise:, on develop
ments in Europe.
Various conjectures are advanced in
political circles as to how prominent
a part Mr. Wilson may take in the
campaign of 1924. His intentions are
undoubtedly known only to himself al
though it is known that he is being
urgedl to take a prominent part and
that his more favorable physical con
dlition is being urgedl upon him as one
reason wvhy he should. The fact that
Mr. Wilson has been dloing a little
better than holding his own physically,
howvever, has led to exaggerated re
ports that he has beert walking about
the streets of Washington unassistedl
andl that his dlisability has almost en
tirely dlisappearedl. Although it 'can
be statedl that the former president's
physical condlition is better nowv than
it was the (lay he left the White
House he still finds it necessary to
place a limitation upon the time he
dlevotes to callers and letter writing
an dd~evotes the greater part of his
time to rest andl recreation.
GAME WARDEN APPOINTMENT
The Clarendon County Legislative
Delegation will meet at ten o'clock
on Saturday, December 16th, to con
sidler ap~plications to fill the vacancy
of' Game Warden for Cla rendon
County.
All applicants will please submit
written applications to the under
signedl before that (late.
The State Game Warden advises
that it will be necessary for the
County Game Warden to be the owner
of an automobilo and be able to give
his entire time 'to this work during
the hunting season. After the hunt
ing season is over it will not require
his entire time. The new appointee
will be paid $76.00 per month at the
start and will be thereafter paid in
accordance with the amount of the
licenses and fines collected by him.
Julian HI. Scarborough,
State Senator,
Summerton, S. C.
Valetta, Malta, Dec. 12.-Mason'
Mitchell, of New York, American con
sul at Malta, was shot and wounded
today near B3aracea. His assailant
escaped.

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