Newspaper Page Text
< > W" ' v
Established in 1891.
w II ABB H^nvi I *
VUN HtnlLINIi IS
. NOW IN AGREEMENT
CAN FUNDAMENTALLY AGREE
WITH THE FOUR PRINCIPLES
SPEAKS IN THE REICHSTAG
"But These Principles Must Actually
be Recognized by All States and
Amsterdam.?Speaking before the
reiehstag the imnerial German chancellor,
Count von Hurtling, made this
"I can fundamentally agree with
the four principles, which in President
Wilson's view must be applied in a
mutual exchange of views, and thus
declare with President Wilson that a
general peuce can be discussed ou
such a basis.
"Only one reserve need be made
in this connection: These principles
must not only be proposed by the
President of the United States, but
must also actually be recognized by
all states and peoples."
"But this goal has not yet been
reached. There Is still no court of
arbitration established by all the nations
for the preservation of peace 'n
the name of justice. When President
Wilson incidentally Bays that the German
chancellor is speuking to the
tribunal of the entire world, I must
decline this tribunal as prejudiced,
joyfully as I would greet it, if an Impartial
court of arbitration exists and
gladly as 1 would, co-operate to realize
"When Hngland talks about the
peoples' right of self-determination.
ouo uuco uui mum ui tiiiiiiyuiK lilt;
principle to Ireland, Egypt and India.
"It has been repeatedly said that
we do not contemplate returning Belgium.
but that we must he safeguarded
from the danger of a country,
with which we desire after the war
to live in peace and friendship, becoming
the object or Jumpingoff ground
of enemy machinatious. If, therefore,
a proposal came from the opposing
side, for example, from the government
in Havre, we should not adopt
an antagonistic attitude, even though
the discussion at first might only be
"Meanwhile, I readily admit that
President Wilson's message of February
11 constitutes perhaps a small
step toward a mutual rapprochement."
TWELVE PERSONS KILLED
IN REAR-END COLLISION
Southern Train No. 42 From Asheville
Crashes Into No. 18 From
Columbia. .S. C.?Ten persons were
killed outright, two died of injuries
and between 25 and 35 others were
more or less seriously injured when
train No. 42 of the Southern railway
from Spartanburg crashed into the
rear of train No. IS from Greenville,
near Frost's station, five miles north
Railroad officials said all the dead
were passengers on train No. 18. The
W. C. Tomlinson, Raleigh. N. C.
Sarah W. Pethel, Kannapolis, N. C
J. B. Marshall. Anderson, S. C.
P. Frank Baxter, contractor. New
berry. S. C.
M. A. Lea man. traveling salesman,
vireenwoon, s. l".
Otis 13. Brodie, Wagoner. S. 0.
J. F. Nntliias, address unknown.
H. L. Ivester, Wan* Shoals. S. C.
Joe F. Moata, Newberry. S. C.
Mrs. Sarah Kllen Johnson, Columbia.
W. W. Richardson. travelinR salesman.
All of the injured nre In hospitnls
here. Among those reported to be
seriously hurt are: A. M. Klrby,
Prlneeton. S. C.; R. Anderson. Seneca.
S C.; W. C. Davles, Dover. Ohio; J.
A Shands. Troy, S. C.; A. S. Tompkins,
Kdgefleld, S. C
FORTY-FOUR ARE FOUND
ALIVE ON THE FLORIZEL
St. Johns. N. F.?Bont crews from
the Newfoundland steamer Prospero.
braving the breakers which are battering
to pieces the wreck of the Red
i ross liner Florizel on the ledgea
north of Capt Race, took off 44 survivors.
all that were left alive of the
ship's company of 1.16. The death list
stands at 92. Of the rescued. 17 are
ri51-<sif>nsrpr? Onlv t Utn nf ?l*o 1 >
en on board and none of the four children
FIVE KILLED IN AIRPLANE
ACCIDENTS IN FRANCE
Washington?The deaths of a lieu
tenant and four cadets resulting: from
airplane accidents were reported to
the war department by General Pestling.
Tho dead are: Lieut. Leland
J Hagadorn. Orleans N. Y.; Cadets
Ctark B. Nlchol. Philadelphia; J. F
Stillman, New York city; Donald E.
Carlton. Providence. R. I., and Arthur
H. Wilson. Philadelphia. The mes
sago gave no details of the accidents
' . ./
- ' - [
COL. SAMUEL M'ROBERTS
BEEk^I^^69HL mmPk. K
Col. Samuel McRoberta, formerly
executive manager of the National
City bank of New York, heads the newly
created procurement division of the
reorganized ordnance bureau of the
army. He will pass on all contracts
for supplies of all kinds for the army,
and will have the task of feeding,clothing,
arming and equipping the mil- t
lions of men the United States will
have at the front.
POTS BLAME ON RAILROADS
II 1 1
SHORTAGE LIKELY TO CONTINUE
GO DAYS, SAYS ADMINISTRA- j
Declares Situation to Be Mcot Critical
in Country's History?Many Food
Stores at Point of Exhaustion.
Washington.?The eastern part of
I the United fitnlon fncn, ..I.
" ?v,w? n.tv.. I
age likely to continue for the next
In making this disclosure Food Administrator
Hoover declared that the
situation is the most critical in the
country's history and that in many of
the large consuming areas reserve
j food stores are at the point of exhaustion.
The whole blame is put by the food j
I administrator on railroad congestion, j
i which he says also has thrown the j
food administration far behind in its
program for feeding the allies. The !
only solution he stes, is a greatly in- i
creased rail movement of foodstuffs j
even to the exclusion of much other
It was evident that the railroad ad- I
j ministrati n is inclined to resent Mr.
1 Hoover's blame of the railroads, and
Director General McAdoo declared he j
j was ready to provide every transporta- ]
: tion facility for expediting food movei
ment The railroad administration,
he said, l.ad suggested that farmers
j no urged .o release their grain holdI
lugs that large numbers of available
| ears might be utilized in moving them. ,
Cereal exports to the allies. Mr. !
! Hoover's statement says, will be 45,- j
I 000.000 bushels short on March 1 and
, meat shipments also are far short
i of the amounts promised.
Inability to move the crops, Mr.
| Hoover sets forth, has suspended the
law of supply and demand nnd has
j created a price margin between pro1
ducer and consume- wider than it ever
A large part of the corn crop Is
! about to spoil because It is not moving
to terminals for drying. The per*
l cent age of soft corn in last year's
1 crop, all of which must be dried if it
is to be saved, is the largest ever j
known. Kstimatos placed the amount
' as high as a billion bushels.
Potatoes, the food administrator
; declares, are spoiling in the produc- :
ers' hands while consumers have been
supplied only from summer garden
crops nnd stores carried over
At Reports That German Airmen Control
Washington.?Army officials showed
every evidence of surprise at press
dispatches front France telling of German
control of the air over the sector
of the front held by the American
forces. They would make no comment
for publication, however. and
Secretary Baker also was silent be;
yond saying that his advices front
uenerai t'erscmg made no mention of
such a sit eat ion.
; TO INCREASE RAIL AND
WATER COMMODITY RATES
Washington.?The Interstate commerce
commission has authorized the
Morgan line and the Southern Pacific
railroad to Increase rail and water
j commodity rates on traffic from New
I York and Norlfolk to Galveston by
j water and to California by rail to the
j level of all rail rates. It is in line
I with the commission's decision in the (
I recent decision in the inter-mountain
rate case. '
BWw*TV ' " ' - 'r
^ . - ' ' ?
?"I % s'f * -NPT <
BED CROSS HER =
GOES TO PIECES
ALL ABOARD NUMBERING 140 ARE
LOST WHEN SHIP IS WRECKED
BODIES WASHED ASHORE
Nobody Catchea Line Shot Out by
Gunners?Twelve Women and Four
Children Among the Passengers.
St. Johns. N. F.?The crack Red
I Cross liner Florizel, from St. Johns
for New York, hy way of Halifax.
With 140 persons aboard, including TS
passengers, piled up on the ledges
near Cape Race during z blizzard and
it Is believed that all on board were
Naval gunners sent on a special
train from this City, shot a line across
the bow of the partly submerged ship
but waited in vain for it to be hauled
aboard. Just before darkness blotted
tlie wreck from view, five men. driven
from the forecastle by the giant seas, (
were seen to climb the forward rig- 1
King signalling feebly for help. But 1
when they failed to make fast the line <
it was feared that they had succumb- (
ed to the cold and exposure. Those
five were the only ones visible on
board several hours after the ship *
Somewhere beyond the white mael
strom of breakers two staunch rescue
steamers, the Terra Nova, and the i
Home, manned by New Foundland f
sailors, lay in waiting for a favorable
moment to send a boat hrough
the .urf. but though the storm appeared
to be subsiding, it was feared
that It would be daybreak before the
sea moderated enough to make it possible
to approach the wreck.
Included among the passengers were
12 women, and four children. Among ^
the first-cabin passengers were John
Shannon Munn, a managing director
of the firm of Bowring Brothers. Ltd..
owners of the liner, and his threeyear-old
daughter. Betty. They were
gong to New York to meet Mrs. Munn
and Sir Kdgar Bowring, one of the
owners of the line, for a visit of two tl
months In Florida.
Six cndets of the royal flying corps. |
on their way from New Foundland to j
Join their comrades, were aboard. The
body of one member of the detachment.
Fred Stinui lnol..O?J
among the six washed ashore. Anoth- ?
er New Foundland officer who. it is
feared was lost, was Michael Sullivan. ^
U. S. ARMY OFFICER ii
GIVEN 25 YEAR8 p
Wanted to be Relieved of Commission
Saying He Could Not Fight Friends. ^
New York.?Capt. David A. Ilenkes, n
Sixth infantry, lT. S. A., has beon sen- c
tenced to dismissal from the service K
and confinement ut hard labor for 25 ,
years by a general court-martial held p
at Governor's Island. n
Captain T .'vanes, who was stationed a
at Sail Antonio luat Vt?v ?" ->??
- - J " I
secretary of war, urging him to accept t
his resignation, which he had already ti
submitted, and giving reasons which, o
he declared, would no longer allow t
him to serve as an officer of the American
"Further service as a commissioned n
officer must sooner or later take me f1
to Europe and there bring me in con- 1
tact with my relatives and friends,
although for the time being my legal ?
enemies," Captain Henkes wrote. ?
"My father came from Germany; my
mother was born here shortly after the '
arrival of her parents. We have/
many other relatives and friends
"l cannot force myself to the convictlon
that I am capable of making
war on my kindred upon their soil in
a manner that would become my duty
and station. 1 earnestly request that
I may not be required to undergo this .
ordeal. I seriously doubt my ability
to withstand it. and would avoid, in
the interest of my country, family j
and friends, what at least appears to
he the probable consequences." ^
AUSTRIA HUNGARY READY
TO CONCLUDE PEACE
Amsterdam- Count Czernin. the 1 1
Austro-Hungarian foreign minister. h
according to a dispatch from Vienna,
has sent a r,rt-*;ano by wlre'e.,; teleg- *'
rnohv to Leon TrotzVv. the bnlshevikl '
foreign minister, stating that Austria- ! '
Hungary Is ready conjointly with her
allies to bring the peace negotiations *
with Russia to a conclusion.
JAPANESE PLAN TO TAKE f
ACTION IN SIBERIA SOON
Harbin The Japanese, according
to reliable authority, intend to take
action in Siberia at an early date, and '
there are evidences that the Japanese , t
have Ions been preparing to carry nut ; ;
this move. The situation in Siberia f
is considered extremely Rrave. owins
to the Inability of the Cossack General ,
Semenoff. to secure allied support for <
which he has appealed to the Japan- t
S. 0., THURSDAY, FEBRUi
MRS. N. DE R. WHITEHOUSE
' "* 8
Mra Norman De. R. Whltehouse,
chairman of the New York state suffrage
party, who has been selected by 1
Chairman George Creel of the federal i
committee on public information as
?ne of a group of prominent persons I
to br*ng to the German people, through
neutrals, the war aims and intentions i
of the American people. She is the
rirst woman to go abroad on such a
mission for this government.
ANNOUNCEMENT BY BAKER
'LANES SHIPPED NEARLY FIVE '
MONTHS AHEAD OF ORIGINAL
larks Final Overcoming of Many Dif- 1
ficulties Met in Building New Industry?Only
a Few Yet Shipped. j!
Washington.?The flrst American- j
milt battle planes are en route to t
"ranee, nearly five months ahenti ot' j
he original schedule.
In making this announcement. Sec- I
etary linker said the first shipment,
lthough in itself not large, "marks
he final over-coming of many diffi- j
ulties met in building up this new '
nd intricate industry."
"These 'planes," Mr. Raker said. \
are equipped with the flrst liberty
uotors from machine production.
>ne of them in a recent test surassed
all records for speed and climbtig
for 'planes of that type. Kngine ,
uuui nun, wuirn negan a month
go. is now on a quantity basis, and ,
lie peak of production will be reach- 1
(1 in a few weeks. Only the 12-cylin- I
er type is being made, as develop- !
lents abroad have made It wise to S
oncentrate on the high-powered enine
instead of the 8-cyllnder."
Optimistic as these statements apear.
the secretary said they should
ot b? exaggerated and should be conidered
in the light of these facts:
That after three years of warfare
he total number of 'planes able to '
ake the air at one time on either side j'
f the western front has not been more ,
That 4ti men are required on the
round for every 'plane in the air. j
(taking a total of 115.000 men needed ,
or the present maximum of 2,500 1
That for every 'plane in the air. I
here must be two replacement 'planes |
n the ground and one training '*.ane j
or every pilot who eventually reaches I
he front, with a spare engine for
After reviewing the many obstacle*
hat had to be overcome in getting the
ircraft production program underlay.
Mr. Raker said the great problem
ow remaining is to secure the thousnds
of skilled mechanics, enginemen.
jotor repairmen, wood and metal
, orkers. etc., needed to keep the
dunes in perfect condition and with- !
ut which the machines turned out 1
oon would be useless and the tlyers 1
< AISER REPLIES TO
Mexico City. Kmporor William's re- '
dy to President Carranza's birthday
nessage to him of January 27. was
liven out officially here, it reads:
"I am very grateful to you for your
imiable telegram of felicitation on the
>ccasion of my birthday. I send to
'ou, Mr. President, my sincere thanks
ogether with my best wishes for your '
elf and for the prosperity of the Mex- 1
"WILHELM, King and Emperor."
dRS. VANDERBILT DENIED
USE OF A PRIVATE CAR
Washington.?The railroad adminisration
refused Mrs Cornelius Vander- |
?ilt a private car to" carry her from '
vVw York to Spartanburg. S. C. She 1
ffercd to pay 40 ordinary passenger
ares for the privilege of an exclusive j
ar, hut the administration explained 1
hat the railroads in the emergency <
annot afford to devote an entire car to '
ine person or a small party. j1
I ill l/m JWi8pt^Prr " wj " ' * 9
* \ K
IRY 28, 1918
RUSSIAN OFFICIALS TAKE STEPS
TO CHECK MARCH OF
idc niuiun nuro m curutv
MIL UIV'ilD UVLn IU LULMCI
Under Penalty of Death Russians Are
Ordered by Bolsheviki to Resist
Advance of Germans.
Facing absolute subjection at the
hands of the advancing Germnas. the
Russian premier and commander-inchief
have taken what steps they
could to initiate at least a nominal
ilefense against the invaders of their
country. Orders directing that guer- ;
rilla warfare be carried on and placing
Petrograd in a state of siege have
been issued by Lenine and Krylenko,
and it is expected that the Germans
will meet with some resistance before
That the Teutons can he temporarily
checked, however, is doubted
even in Petrograd. The Ruasian
army's debacle apparently if< so complete
that there is no shadow of authority
over Its units. Berlin reports
that the first Rsthonian regiment has
deserted in a body and offered its 1
B?..-vicej, to the German commander
who is operating in the northernmost
Baltic province. The Russian navy, j
too. is completely disorganized and.
while It is desired to withdraw the
warships from Reval and Helslngfors
to Kronstadt. it is believed that this
operation is impossible, in view of
the disuse into which the Baltic fleet
has fallen. Only the submarines are
In a seaworthy condition, it is reported.
There is as yet no definite advices
as to the rumored fall of the LenineTrotzky
government. The proclamation
directing that resistance he offered
to the German advance, however.
did not bear the name of
rrotzkv who hitherto has been a virtual
dictator, which may be signltl
The Germans have pushed still further
eastward. In the far north, the
village of Hapsal. on the south coast
af Finland has been captured. Fur- 1
ther south the city of Kieshitsn. about
100 miles east of Riga, has been enter- j
ed by the Teutons, who report that
they were welcomed by the people, i
Still farther south the villuge of Leuzin.
east of Minsk, has been taken.
ORDERED TO CAMP GREENE
Will Be an Assembling Point and Probably
An Aviation Camp.
Washington. I). C.- The war department
took th?? lirrf Otun I.. I
-x, t?i iriiiUMinatation
of Camp Greene as an assembling
camp. This was in the ordering
of a detachment of from 10,000 to
12,000 men to the ordnance depot.
Assistant Secretary Crowell stated
that arrangements for assembling
these men are now under way.
Secretary Baker stated that it is bis
intention to send inspectors to Camp
Greene at once to look over the location
for a signal corps depot. All indications
point to utilization of the
camp to its full capacity.
It would be advisable for the city
and township road building authorities
to proceed with their work and
anticipate completion of the camp as
the government may he depended upon
to carry out its part of the contract.
Secretary Baker expressed the opinion
that Charlotte is going to have a
better camp than before. It has never
been regarded as a training camp and
never was so intended. It will be remembered
that Secretary Baker made
that statement a couple of months ago
but its establishment as a permanent
military assembling camp may be accepted
as a settled fact and that as
such it will be likely developed steadily
to full growth.
Divisions now there are to remain
there until ordered to France, and
that date seems indefinite.
VON KUEHLMANN AND
CZERNIN GO TO BUCHAREST
Amsterdam According to The '.okal
Anzeiger of Merlin, Or. von Kuenlmann,
the German foreign miniHter,
has gone to Vienna where he will he
poined by Count Czernln, the Austro
Hungarian minister. The will travel
together to Bucharest, where they will
open discussions of peace terms with
General Fofoza Avetieseo, the Rumanian
premier and commander of the
Rumanian forces in Dohrudja.
U. S. SOLDIERS ACCUSED
OF PLOTTING TREASON
Camp Lewis, Tacoma Wash. Four
national army soldiers nre held in the
guardhouse awaiting a presidential
warrant from Washington which will
mean their internmeni as enemy
aliens who plotted not only to shoot .
their officers the first time they got
Into action in Kurope. but also deliver
all the American soldiers in their'
organization to the German army.
The names of the men have been
withheld by the Judge advocate.
BANK CLOSES FIRST YEAR
Loans in Excess of Eight Millions
Approved Since Organization
Columbia. The first anniversary ot (
the Federal I.and Bank in Columbia
was observed. President von Kngelken
said, by the entire foree putting in one
of the busiest days of the last twelve
One year ago the institution existed
only on white paper. The staft of officers
met in a room at the JefTerson
Hotel. No two had ever met before.
All had qualified as to appointments, ,
but the only instructions given were
a copy of the law. creating the bank
und the brief admonition, "Go to it."
During the interval between that duy
and the meeting the bankers have
been "going" and loans in excess of '
$8,000,000 have been approved. Of this 1
amount, only $1,700,000 has been closed
incident to unavoidable delays in
procuring abstracts. The little staff of
six has grown into a well ordered
working force of 75 men and women.
Mr. von Engelken emphasized that
u new plan has just been approved,
whereby abstracting conditions are to
be greatly improved. The new arrangement
is to accept all titles traced
back 20 years with an insurance plan
to withstand possible loss front title
U...1. Pn cn 1 .
it ir^uiui uirn itiiriv ?>u, Dl' HUU iu
years, through which titles were previously
traced. Borrowers will likely
tlnd the latter plans also less costly,
bank officials explained.
Lynch Negro at Fairfax.
Fairfax.?For shooting to death Wll- j
liani Wilson, a highly respected young j
white man. here. Walter Best, a negro, '
was taken from Sheriff J B. Morris j
and Deputies J. F. Urubb and John B. j
Ross by a mob of 100 men one mile '
front Fairfax and his body hanged to !
a tree alongside the public road and '
riddled with bullets. The officers had i
come to Fairfax to take the negro to
the county jail in Barnwell.
The killing of William Wilson took
place at J. T. Wilson's shop on Hampton
avenue, one of the main thorough '
fares of the town, where young Wll- !
son. a cousin of tlie owner of the shop, ;
Walter Best came to the shop with
an automobile tire and demanded that j
it he repaired free of charge, claiming
that J. T. Wilson. Jr.. who is a soldier
at Cauiji Jackson, had repaired the
tire some time ago and guaranteed
it. J. T. Wilson. Sr.. disclaimed responsibility
and refused to repair the
tire without being paid for the work,
whereupon Best used some insulting
language and Mr. Wilson ordered him
to leave the shop, but he refused to go
and young Wilson stepped between
J. T. Wilson, who is in feeble health,
and the negro and ordered the latter
to leave the premises. Instead of doing
so Best drew a pistol from his hip
pocket and fired at young Wilson at j
close range with fatal effect.
Grant Visits Lee.
Spartanburg. IT. S. Grant. 4th, called
on Robert 10. Lee. Jr.. at Camp
Wadswortli. Grant is a corporal in
the 27th division and Robert 10. Lee. '
Jr.. a graudnephew of the commander
of the Confederacy, is a lieutenant in
the Fifty-fifth Pioneer infantry. He
arrived here from a training camp in
Virginia. The meeting was evidently
enjoyefl by each.
Wilson Commends South Carolina. |
Columbia.?David It. Coker. chair- |
man of the State Council of Defense, j
received from President Wilson the
following telegram, commending the
meetings held in Greenwood and Sum- j
tor. a* which nhtna were lalil f??r the I
beter prosecution of war work in this !
state. The telegram follows:
"D R. Coker, Chairman of the State
Council of Defense:
"I congratulate South Carolina upon j
patriotitc spirit that has led to thh !
war conference. From tlie persona
contact among war workers in such
meetings there comes an understand !
ing and inspiration that will soon he !
reflected in a like entlw siasm and j
unity of purpose among tlieir fellow
citizens. It is only hy the united and;
determined efforts of all loyal Ameri j
cans that this people will win its great j
tight for fair and honest dealing;
among the nations of the world.
(Signed) "Woodrow Wilson."
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS
When you want to get into a money
making business, raise hogs, says I)r
W. W. Fennell, of Uock Mill, whc
speaks from experience. Some time
rgo Dr. Fennell purchased a farm near
the city and in November. 1910. he de
fided to raise hogs for sale. He par
chased several brood sows, registered '
Duroc-Jerseys. and since that time hf
has sold over $1,200 worth of pigs
butchered hogs valued at around $250
end still has on hand about $400 worth
of hogs and pigs.
The South Carolina railroad commission
notified C. Ft. Atchison, membei
of the interstate commerce commls
s'on. of their orders requiring the phy
steal connection near Columbia of the
Columbia Rialway & Navigation Com
pany and the Seaboard Air lane Hail- '
way Company. The letter was a reply i
to a recent letter from Mr. Atchison i
asking for a general survey of the- |
state with a view of recommending all i
points where physical connection be. <
tween what had been competing lines i
would now be advisable l
South Carolina is first on the list of i
-tales to favor a League of Nations (
S1.25 Per Year.
how to get help *
MANY RURAL SCHOOLS ARE AID
ED IN CONSTRUCTION OF
STATE FUNDS APPROPRIATED
Community, County, and State Cooperate
in Providing Means for
Columbia.?In the public school section
of the Renewal appropriation bill
Due of the most helpful items provides
$50,000 to aid In the erection of
This law was enacted in 1910 with
an inUinl appropriation of $20,000.
The building fund hns been renewed
annually since except in 1913, when
State aid was withheld by the legislature.
Rural District Benefited.
The greatest beneficiaries of the
State and county school building acts
are the rural districts. Under these
laws any community desiring a new
school building must supply from reg-^
ular or o*tra sources 50 per cent of
the cost. The county supplies 25 per
cent and the State 25 per cent. The
amount of extra aid allowable from
the county can not exceed $300. In
case of consolidation, a bonus of $50
may be added. The amount of State
aid is also limited to $300 except in
the case of consolidation when a bonus .
of $50 may likewise be added. Thus
a rural district erected a new school
house at the cost of $1,200 furnishes
tilnn ..r-: OOA.X a ?
I.-, n.rn ?.iv? iruni me county
and $.1(10 from the State. If the schools
or two districts consolidate, the community
supplies $6ftft, the county $350
and the State $350.
School House Construction.
Many boards of trustees have bull*
or will build in spite of thin increased
cost. Bvery day brings to the State
superintendent's office new building
applications. One county superintendent
writes that nine new school houses
must be paid for partly by State aid
this spring. This is an exceptional
demand from one county, hut every
indication points to the exhaustion of
tlie State fund as usual.
A brief summary of State building
aid during tlie lust eight years shows
how much has been accomplished and
how much remains to he done:
10091ft 103 $344,618.88 $20,000
1010-11 82 208,314.34 20.000
1011-12 80 203.668.36 20,000
1912-13 111 381 act ti
1913-14 140 449.686.00 20.000
1914 15 140 342.625.50 20,000
1915-16 180 613.591.12 35,000
1916-17 182 453.874.38 50.000
Total number of buildings erected,
Total receiving aid, 7.14
All building applications on file with
the State superintendent will be paid
in May. Trustees desiring to secure
State aid should be careful to observe
the requirements of the law.
School houses erected at public expense
should be located on land helonging
absolutely to the public. Sites
owned conditionally can not be legally
used for school buildings receiving
extra State and county aid. The State
hoard of education recommend* a
school plot of at least four acres. Lots
of smaller size should not be accepted
by the county superintendent and can
not lie accepted by the State board of
education without a full and satisfactory
exnlanat ion of the lneni i-mwii.
lions preventing a better location.
In order to secure proper heating,
lighting, seating and ventilation, plans
approved hy the Stale board of education
ought to he employed. Such plans
will he furnished free hy f'lemson College.
In case any local hoard desires
to erect a large or expensive school
house, the State board of education
recommends the employment of a special
architect to furnish Hue prints
and supervise construction. Ixical
school officers should submit all plans
to the State hoard of education before
beginning work on their houses, if
State aid is desired.
Some of the county superintendents
have been remiss in this respect and
have sent in building applications for
school houses that have not even been
framed. The State department has
absolutely no means &i inspecting new
school sites and new school buildings
The State superintendent is forced to
rely upon the correctness and completeness
of written communications.
Tills condition compels the State department
to urge upon every county
superintendent the careful observance
of the law in connection with every
State aided school house.
Make Negro Enlist.
Chester. -A negro numed Will Rider.
living near Rich burg, was taken
in charge by citizens of that community
on the serious charge of writing
an obscene letter to a white woman
and after a conference of citizens, was
told that the'charge against him would
not be pressed on condition that he
tvould enlist in the army and upon tho
xpiration of his enlistment would not
return to this part of tho country.
Wider was glad to do as ordeied and
unlisted at once