Newspaper Page Text
' . Slip latttbprg foralfr
$2.00 Per Year in Advance BAMBERG, S. 0., THURSDAY, JULY 31,1919. Established in 1891
' TOBACCO GROWERS
* FORM STATE BODY
v PERFECT ORGANIZATION" AT
Consider Low Prices
Representatives of Industry Take No
Definite Steps Looking to
Florence, July 25.?Pursuant to
the call of Governor Cooper, on sug?
- -e 1 1.1
gesuuu oi a uuuiuer oi louaeco growers,
merchants and others of the to
bacco belts of South Carolina, a meeting
of those interested was held here
today to take action,looking to an
improved market for lower grades of
tobacco. The meeting was called to
order at 11 o'clock, but owing to the
expected arrival of the I ^dy of Congressman
Ragsdale at that hour, the
train being late, the meeting took a
recess until 2 o'clock. At that Lour
the meeting reassembled and J. P.
Derham, of Conway, was called to the
chair and G. B. Ingraham, of Hemingway,
was made secretary.
The object of the meeting was
stated and a temporary organization
? was perfected with those officers presiding.
Later the organization was
made permanent with Bright Wil4
liamson, of Darlington, as president
. and G. B. Ingraham, secretary and
treasurer. The organization estab
, iisnea as its name Tne soutn Carolina
Tobacco Growers Association"
and will be composed of the tobacco
growing counties of the State. A
constitution and by-laws were adopted
and all the necessary legislation
enacted whereby a State organization
will* be carried out and the various
counties and markets will have representation
at the State conventions.
Senator E. D. Smith was present as
was Senator N. B. Dial, both of whom
eame here as members of the congressional
the remains of Mr. Ragsdale, and
% each was called upon and addressed
Suitable resolutions of respect to
^ the memory and work of Congressman
Ragsdale were unanimously
adopted by the meeting, which was
one of the most representative ones
ever held here. The other details of
the organization were left with the
" executive committee provided for in
' the constitution, after which the
,meeting adjourned. Nothing definite
as to prices of tobacco was done at
ROAD OVER EDISTO CLOSED.
Water Saturday Waist Deep Over
Orangeburg, July 27.?Saturday
morning Mr. James C. Fairey, county
engineer, went across the river causeway
and closed the road over the
Edisto river, as travel over it now is
very dangerous. On the city side of
the river, the water on Saturday
morning was nearly waist deep on
the causeway and still rising. It
lacked only a couple of inches of
running over the main bridge, which
was holding all right at that time.
Travel over this road is one of the
most important in the county and
serious damage to it has already resulted.
The city power house, which
is located on the banks of the river,
is seriously threatened, the water
^ lacking about six inches of running
over the main dam. The h'gh waters
here are attributed to recent heavy
rains in the upper part of the county,
the water now reaching these parts.
Married in Air by Wireless.
New York, July 26.?Traveling
eighty miles an hour, 2,000 feet in
the air, Lieut. George Burgess, of
the army aviation corps, and Miss
* Emily Schafer, of Brooklyn, were
married today by wireless telephone.
The ceremony was conducted by the
Rev. Dr. Alexander Wouters from another
airplane, piloted by Lieut. Eugene
H. Hartsdale, best man, while
the machines circled above 200,000
persons attending a police field day at
Sheepshead Bay Speedway. - The details
of the ceremony were announced
to the crowd after being received at
a wireless telephone station. The
bridesmaids who were in the grandstand,
also had wireless telephone
connection with the airplane.
^ < >
The famous Holman Bibles are on
sale in Bamberg only at the Herald
It Book Store. A few family Bibles on
WAIIXIXG AS TO INFLUENZA.
Health Officer Urges Citizens to Take
If influenza runs true to form.
South Carolina may expect another
invasion of the disease this fall and
winter in the opinion of Dr. James A.
Hayne, State health officer.
The disease is even now widely
scattered over the State. A few cases
have been reported to the State health
during practically every
month since last October when it was
raging over the whole State. Ln June
'19 cases .of influenza were reported
by physicians. It is probable that
there were many cases not reported
Dr. Hayne said yesterday.
"The history of other epidemics of
influenza is thait it continues for two
or three years with a gradually lesrr
trivn lAr?rt/\ ao oh i*ao y* T /I a r? /\f
v u uiciitc cav.ii jca 1. 1 ulf iikjl
fear an extensive epidemic this fall,
but there will likely be sporadic outbreaks
over the State. In order to
keep the disease from spreading, persons
who contract it should avoid
places where they may come in contact
with others, and persons who
have not contracted it should keep
strictly away from those affected. Persons
ill with the influenza should remember
that it is an insidious disease.
and when they become ill with
it they should go to bed and remain
thele five days after the fever has
left them. With all the people of the
State carefully conserving their
health, and taking no needless risks,
I hope the disease can be held in
check this winter."
Would Lower Death Rate.
The health department is greatly
interested in the work of the bureau
of child hygiene which was established
at the last meeting of the general
assembly and which is meeting with
much encouragement from counties
over the State. Dr. Havne said yesterday
that fine support was being
.given the. bureau and that many
counties had appropriated money to
assist in the work. Among these are
Dillon. Greenville, Chester and Edgefield.
Others have made requests for
.information as to what procedure to
follow to get the work started in their
To cut down the death rate among
children under one year of age
in South Carolna, mothers must be
given instruction in paternal care and
must become familiar with methods
of taking care of children after birth.
Dr. Hayne said. "Clean milk is of
course necessary for healthy babies,*
and mothers must be instructed how
to care for their chilrren until they
.are nine months old. Midwives must
be educated and registered and births
must also be registered. By registering
the births, the county health authorities
are at once notified of the
arrival of an infant and the visiting
nurse can give assistance to the mother
in its care."
Considerable blindness among children
exists in the State. This can
be prevented and the bureau of child
hygiene will endeavor to reduce the
number of blind children by giving
the expectant mother information in
regard to care of new born children.
Statistics, showing the death rate
by cities of children under one year
of age have recently been received
'by the State health officer. Pasadena,
California,' has the lowest rate for
cities of its size, its rate being 27.9
per 1.000. Wilmington, N. C., reduced
its death rate among children from
213 to 184 in one year. Austin, Texas.
shows a death rate of 132.4 per
ITears from Blue.
Dr. Hayne has recently received a
letter from Surgeon General Rupert
Blue of the public health service, with
regard to the cooperation of federal,
State and local# authorities, together
with the international health board,
for the control of malaria.
South Carolina is to benefit by the
cooperation, and engineers will be
sent by the United States public
health service to make surveys of
towns. Information will be given regarding
steps necessary for the eradication
of malaria together with the
cost of the work.
Sanatorium Contract Lot.
The contract for the erection of the
Palmetto Sanatorium for the treat
ment of negro tubercular patients nas
been let to W. B. Summersett. The
building was to have cost $16,000,
but the lowest bid received was $23,000.
It became necessary to omit
some of the features of the sanitorium
as originally planned, but the
shell of the buiuding will be erected,
and latefr appropriations or subscriptions
will take care of features omitted.
At the present time there is no
provision made for the treatment of
SOUGHT BY CROWD
WHITE (>IKL INSULTED BY FOKMEB
Make Search of Jail
Man Probably Saved by Action of
Sheriff in Spiriting Him
Newberry, July 24.?But for the
prompt action of Sheriff Blease there
might have been a repetition of the
Washington race riots in Xewberry
today?that is. if the negroes here
had tried to protect one of their number
who so far defies fate as to follow
the example of the Washington negroes
who brought nn the recent riots
in the capitol of the nation. It is
likely that here the negroes, certainly
the better class of them, would leave
such an offender to his fate and his
About mid-day today a negro exsoldier,
jii^t home from France last
Friday insulted a white girl 14 or 15
years of age while she was on her
way to town walking along the railroad
near the trestle. She ran and
told of the negro's conduct and in a
little while he was arrested by the
officers and committed to jail. The
affair became known about town and
persons gathered in knots to discuss
Late in the afternoon a crowd, not
a large one, went to the jail and
made a demand for the negro. The
doors were unlocked and the party
was invited to enter, and did, but did
not find the object of their search,
who had been spirited away to prevent
trouble. There was great indignation
in town but not much excitement.
The negro is named Elisha
Harper, who is the son of the Rev. T.
F. Harper, a respectable and well
behaved preacher living in Helena.
Elisha Harper is about 25 years old.
When arrested and searched pictures
of white women were found in his
pockets apparently brought back
with him from overseas. The pictures
were not indecent.
Aged Negro Lynched in Georgia.
Atlanta, July 24.?Berry Washington,
72 years old, negro, was lynched
near Millen, Ga., May 26, after killing
j a white man in defense of a ^iegro
woman, it is declared in a lengthy account
of the affair which the Atlanta
Constitution will publish tomorrow.
The lynching in the little Georgia
town in Telfair county did'not become
generally known at the time
and, according to the Constitution's
version, an official said at the time
that he wished to keep the affair out
of print in order not to hamper the
round up of the lynchers. So far as
this account shows, there have been
On the night of May 24, the account
says, two white men went into
the negro section and began "cursng
and disturbing the negroes who
were in their homes." In an exchange
of shots with Washington one of
them was killed. The negro surrendered
and two days later was taken
from jail at MoRae. nearby, brought
to Milan and hanged to a'post and his
body shot to pieces.
negro tuberculars, and the new building
will be of great use in preventing
the spread of tuberculosis among both
Health Officers Confer.
Dr. Hayne will go to Chicago July
29 to attend the meeting of the executive
committee of the State health
officers of the United States. Other
members of this committee are health
officers of Illinois, Massachusetts,
New York, North Carolina and Montana.
The executive committee is to determine
the policy of the State health
officers department of the United
States with special reference to the
work of the Red Cross and National
Anti.tiiViorfiilnois A csnpintirm TVipqp
* iii ^ 1 IUUV/1 V UlVUltJ *aiji,VV?V* v?vu A <.>v/wv
organizations are to cooperate with
State health officers, and the executive
committee will discuss plans by
which these lay organizations can
render most benefit to the State they
seek to serve.
Drs. William Lester and J. A.
Hayne have prepared suitable resolutions
on the death of Mrs. Julia
Tompkins, who for 11 years was the
loyal clerk of the State board of
health. A page on the minute book
is to be inscribed to her memory.
CALL TO CITIZENS
WANT I'KIJMAXKXT OIlGAXIZATIOX
Will Meet August 6
Governor I'rges That Every County
lie Mepresented?Means Much
Calls were issued Saturday for a
meeting in Columbia Wednesday, August
6 of the farmers, bankers, merchants,
business and professional men
of the State for the purpose of effect
in? the permanent organization of
the American Cotton Association in
South Carolina. The calls came from.
Gov. Robert A. Cooper, J. Skottowe
Wannamaker, president of the American
Cotton Association; B. Harris,
commissioner of agriculture for South
Carolina: A. E. Padgett, president of
the South Carolina Bankers' Association:
J. H. Claffey, president of the
South Carolina Farmers' Union; W.
G. Smith, warehouse commissioner,
and Joseph D. Miot, president of the
Columbia Chamber of Commerce.
The meeting will be held at Craven
Hall beginning at noon and promises
to be the biggest and most representative
meeting held recently in the
The call issued by Governor Cooper
"In order to effect the permanent
organization of the American Cotton
Association in South Carolina, a meeting
of farmers, bankers, merchants,
and other business and professional
men will be held in Columbia August
6. I urge that each county be
well represented, or, better still, each
"The temporary organization of the
cuiiuii yruuuccrs anu ameu uneiesis
has been one of the important factors
in bringing about an increase in the
price of cotton. The permanent organization,
erected upon the groundwork
of its predecessor, will have the
"The cotton belt has never enjoyed
prosperity rommensurate with other
sections of the country. The economic
and social life of the South has
suffered tremendously because cotton
has not yielded a reasonable profit to
the producers. Some advantage,
however, has now been won; it must
not be lost. Our progress in education,
roads, in general happiness is
considerably dependent upon the
price of cotton.
"Bearing this in mind I appeal to
the people of South Caroliha to cooperate
in an effort to insure for the
present and for coming years a fair
profit for the Soutn's greatest commodity.
Organization is essential."
A joint call for the meeting was issued
by J. Skottowe Wannamaker, B.
Harris, commissioner of agriculture;
A. E. Padgett, presidnt of the South
Carolina Bankers' Association; J. H.
Claffey, president of the South Carolina
Farmers' Union; W. G. Smith,
warehouse commissioner, and Joseph
D. Miot, president of the Columbia
Chamber of Commerce.
Riot Measure May Bring on Fight.
Washington, July 26.?Indications
at this time here are for a lively and
possibly sectional fight in the cause
concerning the decision of the rules
committee over the resolution introduced
a day or two ago by Congressman
Frank Clark, of Florida, for an
investigation of the police methods
of the District of Columbia during the
recent race ribts. He also has in a bill
for regulating the sale of firearms
Mr. Clark is insisting that not only
shall there be a quick and favorable
report from the rules committee with
reference to his resolution, but that
in addition an investigation and not
a mere whitewash proceeding of tne
receht troubles here be made and the
part the police played.
There is a strong conviction that
the trouble in Washington has only
been allayed for a short time and not
settled at all. Washington negroes
are said to be holding meetings and
preparing themselves for further
trouble and it is to meet this situation
that the Florida congressman
is demanding the investigation before
the lives possibly of many hundred
good citizens are unnecessarily sacrificed.
?m iti ?
A dandy package of fine quality
linen unruled paper for 30c. Envelopes
to match 15c Herald Book
J. WILLAIil) RACSDALK DEAD.
Sixth District Congressman Passes
Away at Capital.
Washington, July 23.?J. Willard
Ragsdale. representative in Congress
from Sixth South Carolina District,
cled here suddenly today just before
noon. Those attending him at his
death were: Drs. J. Arthur Hooe.
Dr. H. H. Hareen and Dr. Doorman.
For several days .Mr. Ragsdale had
been under treatment but was not
considered seriously ill. He was at
the capital yesterday and voted on
the prohibition bill. His death occurred
at Dr. Hooe's office.
v Early this morning Mr. Ragsdale
I sent for his physician and the re|
port they made this afternoon was
I that iust before noon he died of
acute heart disease, going to the
physician's office for treatment.
Although not apparently suffering
from ill health in any way and about
J. W. RAGSDALE.
his usual business yesterday Mr.
Ragsdale was said by his physicians
not to have been in robust health for
some time. Mrs. Ragsdale is at their
home in Florence. Mr. Ragsdale also
leaves James \V. Ragsdale, Jr.,-about
18 years of age, and a daughter about
14 years of age.
Immediately upon the announcement
of Mr. Ragsdale's death, like
a flash the members of the South
Carolina delegation in Congress got
together. Representatve Byrnes
made the statement to the house that
Mr. Ragsdale had died. The house
then adjourned out of respect to his
The remains were taken to an undertaking
establishment and Coroner
Nevitt held an inquest, after which
the body was prepared to be taken tc
Florence, where the burial will take
place Friday afternoon.
How to Obtain Victory Buttons.
The victory button is a small lape!
button for wear on civilian clothing
It will be issued to all officers, enlisted
men (excluding members o1
the S. A. T. C.), field clerks, anc
members of the Army Nurses Corps
who have served honorably on active
duty for a period of at least fifteer
days between April 7, 1917, and November
11, 19IS. The button wil
be of silver for those wounded in ac
tion, and of bronze for all others.
Those who have been dischargee
before the supply of victory buttons
were available for issue may secure
a victory button by bringing or mail
ing to the Army Recruiting Station
35 Barnard Street, Savannah, Geor
gia, their ogiginal discharge certifii
cate or in the case of officers who never
received a discharge certificate the
official copy of the order upon whicl
they were discharged.
Claim blanks for the issue of victory
buttons must accompany the discharge
certificate or discharge order
These blanks can be obtained froir
the army recruiting station at Savannah
or Brunswick, Ga., Charleston,
Columbia, Florence, Greenville
Rock Hill, or Spartanburg, S. C.. nnc
should be filled in completely wher
the claim is made for the issue of ?
T)r. L. F. Bonner Bead.
T> 11 O- TV-r T. T? Rnn
Dcirii >v en, o ui? ?'j. i~ri~
ner of this city, died here at 6:3 C
o'clock this morning after an illness
of only three days, his death beins
due to infection following an operation
at an Augusta hospital Saturday
The body will be taken to Aiken tomorrow
morning and laid to rest witt
Masonic honors at 1:30 o'clock in the
afternoon in the Aiken cemetery, following
service in the First Baptisl
church of that city, his pastor, Dr
W. M. .Tones, of Barnwell, officiating
ONLY REMEDY LIES
IN PRICE FIXING
OXE AVAILABLE (HECK TO
Statement by Black
Former Vice Chairman of War Labor
Board Gives Views?Sails
New York, July 2G.?Price fixing
commissions by the government are
the only remedy for profiteering in
the necessities of life in the opinion
of Wm. Harmon Black, formerly vice
chairman of the war labor board, who
sailed today on a six weeks' trip to
France and England. Mr. Black declared
that even men who intended to
be fair had been forced into exactions
not warranted by the situation.
<trTL A r\wAf?rtIr? a- r\ a b 1 /> ' ' b a ^
JL lie ill C001115 yiUUlCili, lie SitiU,
"is the sky rocket cost of living. It
is all paid by the ultimate consumer. .
The country believes that nearly everybody
who can is profiteering. Nearly
every man is raising the price of
everything he sells. If nothing is
done to check this abnormal inflation
of prices the stage will be reached
finally when there will be a breaking
point to relieve the tension."
Suggesting the remedy of price fixing
commissions. Mr. Black said that
as far as the power of the government
to create such commissions was
concerned, "the same supreme court
which read 'the rule of reason-' into
the Sherman law could read fair
prices into a decision which would
validate an act creating price fixing
He pointed out that the war labor
board had fixed the prices of labor.
and that the price of wheat had also
j been fixed and maintained; that there
| was no difference in principle in his
| plan. If the federal government was
found not to have jurisdiction over
prices of production in the States Mr.
Black proposed that each commonwealth
appoint a commission to regulate
prices within its border.
As to the composition of such commissions,
Mr. Black held that the uni
orsranizpd rnnsnniprs chnnlri hp ron.
? u ? ?? ~
resented, "especially that part of the
consumers who do not produce and
who have most bitterly felt the
pinch." He suggested that each commission
should be composed of a la- /
borer, a capitalist, a railroad man, a
steamship man, a farmer or miner, a
manufacturer and a consumer and
' should include one woman member. /
l "The producers." he added, "would
? not dare to refuse to submit the q.uess
tion of prices to the kind of men who
would compose these commissions."
Mr. Black declined to answer a
question as to whether he had submitted
his plan to the president.
SAYS HE MURDERED CHILD.
^ Chicago Watchman Gives Climav to s
l Chicago, July 27.?Thomas Fitz.
gerald, night watchman of a residen1
tial hotel, confessed to the police that
. he had murdered six-year-old Janet
Wilkinson, a neighbor's child, and
I thus brought to a climax one of Chi5
cago's most stirring police cases,
j Fitzgerald, thirty-nine years old,
. made his confession after five sleeplocc
rl o vc o n < ? nicVitc nf n 11 oct inn in (t
IVyOO UU J O UUVl XX Vi M
. and then led the police to his home,
. where he had concealed the body last
. Tuesday. The child had been strang>
i A crowd surrounded the home and
when the body was revealed there
. was threats against the confessed
A strong guard was thrown about
i him and he was hurried to a cell.
. The crowd followed him to the sta.
tion, where it was dispersed.
When the child, daughter of a gro1
cer, disappeared, suspicion was dit
recto:] toward Fitzgerald and he was
Two days ago Fitzgerald's wife was \
called home from Michigan. At first
she declared implicit faith in her j
- husband, but later said she believed
> he had knowledge of the child's dis
? i axiv-c.
r Seldom has the populace been so
- aroused over a criminal case here.
Various independent organizations
had begun investigations and one Chi1
cago newspaper today offered a re
ward of $2,500 for information lead"
ing to a solution. The father of the
t child had offered a reward of $500.
Read The Herald, $2.00 per year.