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EL -PASO DAILY HERALD, TLKSDAT. APRIL 2. .1901.
51 .:T A rii
KEPORT OF RECONNAISSANCE
FROM FORT SMITH. ARKANSAS,
TO THE RIO GRANDE, TO FIND A
ROUTE. TO ESCORT EMIGRANTS,
AND TO CONCILIATE THE IN
DIANS. fContinuetl From Yesterday.)
May 25. Our road has kept the di
vide all day. as usual, was firm and
smooth: pasties over a gypsum forma
tion, and many or the hills have been
entirely composed of it. At our camp
we had good wood and grass, but the
water i as usual where gypsum
abounds far from being sweeet.
We have seen many antelopes and
turkeys during the last few days, but
dr are becoming scarceas we advance.
Buffalo tracks have been seen frequent
ly, but as yet none of the animals
May 2H. We continued to follow the
dividing ridge today for thirteen miles,
wlitn we came to a large lateral ridge,
running off from the main Divide,
which we followed, and did not dis
cover our mistake until we had gone
about three miles, when we encamped
on a branch of the Canadian.
May 27. Today, (Sunday). In
accordance with a rule I have adopted,
we "lay by", to give the men time to
wash, and the animals to graze and re
cruit. May 28. We retraced our steps back
to the dividing ridge this morning, and
placed a ttake. with directions to those
following, "to keep on the left hand
trace.." Our road passed from here to
eur camp upon high rolling prairie;
with no water or wood, and we were
obliged to turn from the dividing ridge
down to the bank of the Canadian. We
pa&sed down over a gap in the bluffs;
found good water, wood, and grass.
May 29. The country we have pass
ed over today, near the divide, has
been principally a formation of gyp
sum and blue limestone ledges, in
which we discovered petrifications of
orvters. and mussels. These are the
first fossils we have seen upon our
We encamped on a branch of the
Little Washita; found wood and grass
abundant. The country between our
road and the two rivers ts much bro
ken by hills and ravines, which appear
to have been thrown up without the
slightest reference to finish or utility;
and I am convinced that the only place
along near our route where a natural
wagon road can be found is directly
upon the crest of the divide. From a
high ridge near our camp we can see
Antelope, or Boundary mounds, far to
May 30. Our road wan upon the di-
riding ridge all day. and very firm and
smooth, but somewhat circuitous, fol
lowing the windings of the "divide;"
this has generally been very direct,
aud. for the two hundred miles we have
traveled upon it, I have never seen a
better natural rotd. The country on
each 'side falling off towards the Ca
nadian and Washita, leaves the crest
perfectly dry at all seasons. There are
numerous small branches rising near
the road which the skirted with tim
ber and grass, thereby giving the trav
eler an opportunity to encamp at al
most any time he feels disposed. The
soil is unfit for cultivation, being a
hard, gravelly sand, and very poor.
We left the divide near our camp, and
are upon a branch of t.ie Canadian; the
water, wood, and grass are good.
May 31. This morning we followed
down the creek, and traveled for sever
al miles upon the Canadian: finding
this part of the road sandy, however,
we soon turned back, and came upon
the high prairie between two of the
Antelope buttes. These hills are about
la feet high, of porous sandstone, and
appear to be the result of volcanic ac
tion. They rise almost perpendicular
ly from the smooth prairie, are fiat up
on the top. and present every indication
of having been raised out of the earth
y volcanic agency. They are near the
100th degree of longitude, and are
sometimes called the Boundary mounds
as being near the line formerly claim
ed by Texas as her eastern boundary.
We encamped this evening without
wood at some holes of water in the
prairie: we could have found wood by
going six miles further, but our mules
were wearied, anc! I concluded to use
the "buffalo chips' rather than drive
that distance. '
June 1. Taking the divide again this
morning, we marched fourteen miles
over a very direct and firm road, with
out a hill or ravine, until we reached
our camp, upon a small lake on the
nigh prairie. There is an abundan.ee of
never-failing water In the lake, and the
kaffalo grass grows luxuriantly upon
its banks. This grass Is very short
aad thick: but animals are extrava
gantly fond of it. and it is very nutri
tious There are hills about a mile to
the east of the lake similar to the Ante
lope huttes: these can be seen for a
long distance upon our road, and are
good landmarks. As it is half a mile
from the lake to the nearest wood, I
would recommend to travelers to throw
a few sticks for cooking into their
wagons before reaching here. We re
reived a visit this evening from four
Kiowav Indians, dressed in their war
rostume. and armed with rifles, bows,
lances, and shields. They were on their
way as they told us) to Chihuahua.
Mexico, where they were going to steal
miiU and horses, and expected to be
absent from here a year or more. I
brought them into camp, presented
them with some tobacco and pipes,
gave their, supper, and told them that
we were disposed to be friendly and at
prare with the Kioways: that it was
the desire of their "great father", the
president of the United States, to be on
terms of peace with all his "red chil
dren." This appeared to please them,
and thev replied that they would com
municate my "talk" to their people.
who live forty nines norm oi uere uiu
the north fork of the Canadian. I was
much surprised at the ease and facility
with which "Beaver" communicated
urirt, hm hv nantnmime This ap
pears to be a universal language among
Indians, and tne same signs anu fea
tures are made use of and understood
-it trihiui Th ffrnrfi and raoiditv
with which this mute conversation was
carried on upon a variety or topics re
lative to their road and our own af
fairs astonished me beyond measure.
I had no idea before the Indians were
such adepts at pantomime: and I have
nn vKatlnn In savins' that t hpv would
compare with the most accomplished
performers or our operas.
July 2. We traveled sixteen miles
today over a very good road, with but
little water near.it. however, until we
reached our present camp; here we
havo vnnii u-nmi and water in a ravine.
The country as we advance becomes
gradually higher, and tne son conim
..x nnnr with hut HttlA timber. We
"HIvIHe" nf the Washi
ta and Canadian about five miles from
the latter, and three miles from a large
knnh nf th farmer. The wife of one
of the emigrants encamped near us has
been sick for several days, and report
er tonight as very low. The fatigue
inmnvnianM in which she is nec
essarily exposed in a Journey over the
prairies, has, no aouui. naa a. leuweucjr
n n rryo va to her disease. Being a lady
of delicate constitution, and having
never before been subjected to the pri
vations and hardships of a camp life,
she is but poorly fitted to endure in
frickne&s a march of this kind.
June 3. This being Sunday, we
stopped to recruit our men and ani
June 4. We made a march of ten
n ot.I mnehed Drv river.
111I1C9 iwiaj , " "
crossed and encamped on the west
bank. We found bluffs about 200 feet
high on the east side, very abrupt, and
crowned with ledges of sandstone; but
after a short examination, discovered a
pass which led us by a very gradual
descent to the river bottom. This dis
tance between the top or tne Diuns.
nna cMa nt the stream to those
4VU V. BSH - -
of the other, is five miles, and the val
ley where we crossed about iwo miira
n .Mth Th la wood, water, and
grass In abundance here, and it is a
fine camping place.
rn onnmnehine Drv river from the
east, our road passed up the ridge di
viding the head branches of the Washi
ta from Dry river; here the Divide,
which our raod has followed about 250
niiu lurna awnv to the south, and
from this place we see it no more. I
am Informed by Beaver, who is wen
0naintMi with this nart of the coun
try, that this stream has its source In
an extensive salt plain souiuwesi u
here, and that Red river, which has
never been explored to Its head, rises
in the same plain, and near the same
place. It has generally oeen suppowru
that Red river extended far west of
the Pecos. and passed
through a portion of the "Llano Esta-
cado." but Beaver says it rises n
t,n niain The Canadian, for the last
two days "travel, has been shut in by
high bluffs on eacn siae. ana me coun
try between the bluffs and our road
much broken by sharp round hills and
The soil In tnls vicinny is "- 'J
worthless and unproductive: no tlm-
v . rny huMriinir and but little water.
uri ui v - ,
We have seen many fresh Indian
"signs" today, but no Indians, t nave
cautioned the emigrants to be vigilant
in guarding their animals, as many of
them continue to De very ireia.
(To Be Continued Tomorrow.)
WALKING ON THE BOTTOM OF
T he "diver's room" and the "inter
mediate chamber'" are the most inter
esting places in the submarine boat.
Arganaut The diver's room can be
shut off from the remainder of the
boat by a door, and then can be made
sir tight. In turn, the "intermediate"
compartment can be shut off both from
the diver's room and the main part
of the boat. When the diver's room is
in use it has in it a pressure of air
almost double that of the atmosphere
in the main part of the boat, (which
is equal to the pressure of the atmos-
nrriinarv street.) It is
to prevent this great pressure of air
trom pasting into tne main pun ui m
boat as it certainly would do with a
tremenduous rush If the air tight door
were opened and yet to make it pos
sible for a preson to pass irom the
nu nor f th lmAt into the dl-
ujnui - " - .....
ver's room, that the Intermediate cham
ber was Invented.
..ot tk. onhin to the divers room while
the latter is in use(when it is not in use
thi3 room is Tree of access in tne ur
dinarv way I. he la placed in the "in
termediate." and a current of com
pressed air Is here turned on until the
air is equal the air pressure in the di
ver s room.
But meanwhile that person's life Is
far from being a happy one, unless he
has been through the intermediate be
fore, or has learned two hints, name
ly, to say not a single word, but to
drink cold water continuously all the
time while the compressed air is be
ing turned into the room. If he does
ihii ha will not suffer the least in con
venience: on the contrary, he will be
given quite a tickling sensation, and
in a few minutes he can step into the
tho diver's room and enjoy what is
going on without noticing any pecu
liarity about the air there. Otherwise
uhilo ho la in thn ir.termeclint. he Will
probably lie doubled up with pain, the
drums of his ears will feel as though
the y were being driven into his head
lih mnllota hia head will feel as
though it is going to blow off from the
eyes upward, ana his eyes win nn
wit tears. The writer hps experienced
the full list of afflictions.
Hut once in the diver's room, al
though the air is at the same pressure
as in the intermediate, you have be
come so accustomed to It that you
feel exactly a-i if you were breathing
When the pressure of air in the
diver's room haj been raised to as
many pounds pressure as there was
pounds presure in the water, a door.
n-hloh fnrma half of the floor in the
diver's room, was dropped downwards.
and strange to say. no us wno uiu nui
understand science very well) the wa
ter did not rush in and drown us. To
law of science. M. Lake let some of
the air pressure in the room escape.
The moment he opened the valve the
sea commenced to rise in the bottom
of the boat at the same even rate
at which the air was released, but the
moment the valve was closed the water
stopped where it was. A new current
of compressed air was turned on, and
at once the water went down again.
Those of the guests who cared to
leave the boat and walk along the
rt tha cm were riven diving
suits, one of which had a telephone in
. . .
tne neiir.et. oy means oi wurcu m
wearer could talk with those remaining
n thn lwnat u'hm tha suits had been
donned and tho helmets screwed up.
each man had only to mane a step ui
irt ami ha was atandinsr on the ac
tual sea bottom with some 3ft. of his
body sticking up through the bottom
of the boat and into the diver's room.
By simply ducking their heads, how
ever, the explorers were out of the
boat entirely, ana witn one step more
lhv u'prA nhla tn walk nnrieht as far
away as they felt inclined. The March
MOTOR BOATS ON THE DEAD SEA.
The Dead Sea. which for thousands
of years has been a forsaken solitude in
the midst of a desert, on whose waves
no rudder has been seen for centuries.
Is to have a line of motor boats in the
future. Owing to the continued in
crease in traffic and the Influx of tour
ists, a shorter route is to be found be
tween Jerusalem and Kerak. the an
cient capital of the land of Moab.
The first little steamer, built at one
of the Hamburg docks, is about 100
feet long, and began the voyage to Pal
estine on June 16. An order has al
ready been given for the building of
a second steamer. The one already
built and on the way Is named Pro
dromos (that Is. "forerunner"). It will
carry thiryt-four persons, together
with freight of all kinds. The promot
ers of this new enterprise are the in
mates of a Greek cloister in Jerusalem.
The management of the line Is entirely
in German hands.
The trade of Kerak with the desert is
today of considerable importance. It
is the main town of any commercial
standing east of the Jordan and the
Dead Sea. Its population consists of
about 1800 Christians and 6000 Mos
lems. The merchants of Hebron are
among the chief frequenters of the
markets of Kerak. Ex.
TO PLEASE THE SCOTCH.
"I see that King Edws.-d is highly de
sirous of making a good impression on
his Scotch subjects."
' "Then he ought to tuck up his coro
nation robes and give 'em the Highland
lling." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
A LOW-PRICED WORKER.
A Jersey farmer visiting New York
stood looking at a sign In a book store
window: "Dickens' Works All This
Week for Two Dollars." "Wal." he
remarked. "My "pinion is that Dickens
feller is either a mighty poor workman
or else he's confounded hard up for a
job." Boston Courier.
"Madam, are you a woman suffra
gist?" "No. sir. I haven't time to be."
"Haven't time? Well, if you bad the
privilege of voting, whom would you
"The same man I have supported for
the last ten years my husband." Ex.
HER RARE ACCOMPLISHMENT.
Denver has a pretty young woman
so charmingly cross-eyed that she can
entertain three young men at once and
send them away each thinking that he
monopolized most of her attention dur
ing the evening. Denver Post.
"Ilello. Boomerlelgh! I thought you
were holding down a seat In the senate
"No; had a streak of hard luck."
"Just as I got my legislators rounded
up for the flanl vote my bank failed."
"Professor." said the girl graduate,
trying to be pathetic at parting. "I am
indebted to you for all I know."
"Pray." said the professor, "do not
mention true ha trifle." Public IMlger.
KNOWLEDGE IS POWER.
Ladies and gentlemen are cordially
invited to call on Madam Lee, the sev
enth sister of the seventh generation,
who tells the past, present, and future,
can be consulted on all matters includ
ing business, courtship, mariages. etc.
Madam Lee is an Egyptian seer and
palmist from Alexandria on the river
Nile, and has taken rooms at the Riche
lieu, where she cai be consulted at any
hour. Room No. 6. upstairs.
! LA UNION CIGAR FACTORY.
The best grade or Mexican Cigars.
The Victoria Colon a specialty. We
do a strictly wholesale business. Mail
orders promptly filled.
A. ALVAREZ. Prop..
204 Mesa Avenue, El Paso, Tex.
When you are oilious. use those fa
mous little pills, known as Ue Witt's
Little Early Risers to cleanse the liver
and bowels.. They never grips. H.
Feisst, Campbell & Grayson.
Vienna. Austria. March 10.
Dear Mother Your most welcome
letter came just an hour ago and gave
me so much pleasure that I must
thank you at once. If. there is any
thing beside music lessons that at
times a would-be or want-to-be-artist
needs it is encouragement and I should
not be surprised if the lack of it was
not what killed Schubert and Beeth
oven. Here within one block of Schu
bert'8 house every one knows every
thing he ever did and some of the
things he suffered were enough to Kill
him but for the faith he had in him
self. My troubles, although not one
hundredth part of Schubert's, at
times do need encouragement and I
am very thankful that It always comes
Michel Zadora took my picture, with
my kodak in front of Schubert's house,
so I will send you one although it is
only an amateur picture as "any one
could see with hair an eye I believe
that is the way the grammars have
that sentence written.
I am standing at the door, above the
doorway is a bust of Schubert and a
Franz Schubert s
We will take some better pictures
when the . sun once more consents to
shine and we are better practiced in
I am dressed to go to see Frau Hed-
licka-Loscher and hope to find her at
home this time. She is mostly away
and no one ever knows when to come.
But she told me to come this after
noon so I suppose I will find her there.
Tomorrow eve is another recital at
Leschetizky's and I am glad he never
gets angry there because I saw him so
angry last week that he was cussing.
kicking and running at the same time.
I was in the torture chamber or trans
lated, "waiting room." when I heard
hiui yelling and fussing and in a mo
ment I saw him coming out or tne
studio with his hands flying and run
ning after a pupil he had just kicked
out. He was angry because he only
got one kick at him. Such a temper,
no man living has beside him. but such
a teacher no one ever will be..
Mr. Fischoff. the first professor at
the conservatory said Leschetizky
was the only teacher and said he al-
wavs kicks every one out but tnat
you must only wait a month and go
back again because there will be no
such teacher when he is gone so by all
means do not lose this opportunity.
Mr. Fischoff. as I wrote you, is a very
pleasant little fellow and one of the
I believe I sent you a program oi
Rosenthal's next concert and will write
vou about it when I hear it as I know
the program all except one or two small
The last piece I began is ueautirui
although it is quite loud. SFFFF and
to take it SFFF is wrong so you can
imagine I have gained quite a great
deal of strength since I've been in
I have some three or four pieces ana
two or three etudes for next lesson
but I hope to learn them satisfactorily.
I think the severe nervous attacK
I had will leave me soon. If not I will
miss one or two lessons as it leaves
me unable to play. Do not think this
is from overwork for it isn't. For
since I got my kodak and a good while
before I took some holidays. Fraulein
Dagmar Walle-Hansen gave a concert
In Munchen which was a grand suc
cess. Some of the numbers were "Con
certo. Grieg. Arabesque. Schuman. Po
lonaise. Bdur-Chopin. and Tarantella
Leschetizky. The critics spoke very
highly of her and she was then invit
ed to play before a party of the royal
family on the Sunday following ana
made friends at once with the royalty.
Fraulein Walle-Hansen is an artist.
finished under Leschetizky and now
has the position of assistant to Herr.
Prof. She thinks of making a
tour of America in a year or so and I
am sure she would be very successful.
Five years ago she was asked to play
the Grieg Concerto under the direction
of the composer and although the con
cert was only one week off and the
composer is very particular, she learn-
ea the concerto and played it with
Grieg conducting the orchestra and
from memory in one week's time. The
critics then said she was grand and
even the composer who is very hard to
please was very enthusiastic over her.
I am very glad to be able to stay two
years and know it will be so much
better. I think that the two years will
help me so that then I can work on in
America quite well and probably quite
successful at least I hope so. Will
write again soon as my time is up now
and I must hurry to see Frau Loscher.
With lots of love for your dear self
and grandmother and all friends. Very
Your Devoted Son,
Abby De Aviiett.
Mrs. Howell. Ladles Hair Dresser
and Manicurist. Hair ::han.pooed with
oft water and dried in half an hour
by the use of the warm air dryer, price
50 cents. Face massage.
Just received full line of switches
and pompadour rolls.
114 MESA AVE. TEL 224. 4 RINGS.
FOR OVER FIFTY YEARS.
Mrs. Winslows Soothing Syrup has
been used for children teething. It
soothes the child, softens the gums,
allays all pain, cures wild colic and is
the best remedy for diarrhoea. Twenty-five
cents a bottle.
Th only absolutely safe Gasoline
Stove is the INSURANCE. The gaso
line cannot flow unless the stove is lit.
A child cannot open it. Strong burn
ers. Second Hand Stoves Cheap
Stoves, Furniture, etc.. exchanged.
WELCH'S FURNITURE STORE.
Approaching the Closing of the Sale of
The 15 - Gent Stock
Caballero Onyx Mining Co!
OF NEW MEXICO.
For a short time only, as the greater part of the above stock is taken,
the books are open at our office for subscriptions to the above stock. The
stock is a clean, safe, and legitimate investment in mining and manufacturing
. of onyx, that is pronounced unequalledThe stock is offered for the purpose
of development and the erection of a manufacturing plant in this city. No
debts, no allotted or promoter's shares compete with cash subscriptions; ti
tles incontestable; no salaried officers; no expensive shafts, tunnels or cuts.
Every piece has a commercial value, and the company will be able to pay
handsome dividends within one year after the starting of the plant. No
subscriptions taken for less than one hundred shares. Investigation courted.
Send for prospectus, subscription blanks, and general information. Speci
mens and photos on exhibition. Address,
Runkle & Peacock,
Sheldon Block. Opp. P. O. . EL PASO, TEXAS
The company reserves the right to advance the price of stock without fur
The El Paso Live
Cattle Bought and Sold
on Commission. . .
Special Attention Given to tee
... Buying of fflex'can Cattle.
Office Nations Building.
San Antonio Street.
Large stock of Imported and Domestic Suitings.
Latest novelties, up-to-aate styles ana best wortcman-
X ship. Satisfaction guaranteed. We give vou the -best v
value for your money.
"Cleanliness Is Next
I fil Paso Dairy Company
Producers and Dealers in
The Largest and Most Complete
Dairy In the Southwest.
J. A. SMITH, Manager.
Phone 156. Office at Buttermilk
i iiiiii ii ii in mi ii iii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiumi iimiin
"A Repository of High Grade Goods.-
Tne Buggy Men."
R. M. Patterson, President.
Carriages, Traps, Stanhopes.
Phaetons, Road, Spring, and
Mountain Wagons. Milbnrn
Salesrooms: ' Corner Stanton and Overland Streets, Opposite
Architects' and Engineers' Supplies
Drafting-Pens and Pencils.
X Complete Line
AT- M. H.
Stock Commission Co.
EL PASO,. TEXAS.
San Antonio Street.
DO YOU EAT?
If Yon Do and Like Something Good
Call at the
Where yon will find home cooking and
the finest cup of coffee In the city.
313 North Oregon Street.
MILK DEPOT. . DAIRY LUNCH.
Milk and Cream Fresh From Our Own
Open Until Midnight.
1L PASO DAIRY CCA, Props.
M. F. MAYHKW, Mgr.
W. T. Batts, Sec and Trans.
The Best Line of Buggy Harness
In the city. Dont fall to Ex
amine our Line While Visiting
the City. It Will Pay You.
Write For Prices.
and just as spotless and immaculate as
the Easter flower you will find linen
laundered at the Troy Steam Laundry.
Its cleanliness and the satisfaction that
one knows he presents an Irreproach
able appearance gives its wearer that
comfort no; derivable from washing "
and ironing shiftlessly done. We await
your Easter orders.
Troy Steam Laundry Company '
111 to 117 West Overland Street.
Blue Print Paper.
Field, Level, and Transit Books,
Kneaded Rubber, etc., etc.
of Office Supplies.