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TH33 GrAZETTJ3: TORT WORTH,
TTCXAS.blOlSDAY, JAJTUAItY 17.
Vnrlou HiilJrti of Imitation nrifl
Dlicox.ftl Willi l'oml of ' lo
In nMtuiilng tlio
fiiiltm of chief
magistrate of tlitn, tlio unwt splendid
coinmumrcflitu on earui, u "
doubt nnd forebodings as to my capa
city for the task.
Looking back nfow years wo be
hold Texas a part of UieSpimlsli king
dom: by the revolution of 182-1 hIio bo
enmo n part of tho renubllo of Mexico;
Mexico refualiiK to ner dlhtant terri
tory that Just and equal place in the
family that was duo to the people and
TwcaH.lmvIng been eought.by.blood that
knew what freedom and vqtiiil rights
were, this blood, aided by many noblo
famllle-j dftcomled from that of Cas
tile, toon Inaugurated the movement
that culminated at bun Jacinto and
spoke a new nation into life.
For many years the Republic of Tex
a connistcd of her ancient and noblo
woltlement iu eastern Texiw, the lower
liram nettlcmonl and the .hiIsjIoiw,
ineludinL' Kan Antonio: her progress
was Hlow, but soon the Idea of annex
ation began to urow and wuh made a
Jlnallty in bir her population win
then about 160,000 mjuIs, and at late i
J870 the total population wa but little
over 800,000. Up to near that period
wo had no disturbing questions about
public landa, our frtc bcIiooIs consisted
In what wa known M the Indigent
system, wo had no perplexing ques
tions of taxation, tho penitentiary was
almost mythical and our usyluim were
only known In name. Tho principal
duty of tho executive was to sign pat
ents and look to tho frontier.
jioy c'liAJioim tiiupcknk!
Over two millions population, and
Instead of the .small MHtlements before
mentioned, we llnd tho entire country,
"from tbo Jttd HIver to tho Klo
Grande and from tho eonst to El Pnso"
peopled and yielding all tho material
products for tlio consumption of our
race; while tho I'au Handle supplies
Chicago, New York, tbo Indian tribes
and portions of Kuropo with beef each
section constantly Ntmggliiig for tlio
mastery and endeavoring to Impress its
ideas ami lawn upon tlio Htate.
Tlio public lands are exciting that
energy and calling forth that Hame,
Hplrlt of gain, that tlio gold Holds of
Australia and those of California did.
Tho growth and settlement of tho dlv
lant purls of our territory havo demon
Ht rated the fact that luws that are
suitable for tlio ltcd Itlver country do
not prove beneficial to tlio HloUrnndo,
and those that I lie coiustdwilre are not
weleomc at El lao. With alt thtwo
difllcultiinil conlllctliig clenieutB and
lntorcMtH must wo deal, tflmll wo
lloat along In tlio avenues of
tho Hluggard, caro nothing
for the iuture, or shall we
deal with tlio-e great Interests in
though we, ami not posterity, are to bo
nltbrted by our action?
Prominent among the subject that
will uhidli'iigo tlio attention of tltiH ad
Tho preservation of our common
Huhool fund, including the lands hcI
apart for Hint purpose, and ho lm
iirovumuiit of our mjIiooI system.
It Ih known to the countiy that,
prior to my nomination at (Jalveston,
1 severely criticized tho practice of
mylng forty jioi cent, premium for
our bonds, ami no amount of tenoning
or lliianctnl hUMI can satisfy nu that
tho practice Ik jusl Hbible, cither In re
tiring our bonded lndubtediies, or us
nn Investment for thu school luiul.
It seems to bo admitted by all that
tlio constitution hIioiiIcI bo so amended
as to permit tlio legislature to levy and
colleut a school lax, without icfeience
to tho amount of tlio general revenue
tliut may bo necessary.
Another amendment to that luslru
muut will bo neeeissniy with reference
to llio holiool fund
Tlio pormanuut fund belonging to
I ho common schools can only bo inven
ted lu boMdd of tlio Kedcml ngouoy and
of tho Htate.
Tbo United Klutes aro refunding at
ho low a rate that tbolr bonds aro not
desirable for that purpoiu, and very
noon we hope tho state will havo no
bonded debt outstanding, and wo must
therefore wok some other mode of in
venting our permanent school fund,
Hhall wo guard, protect ami Increase
this fund us a sauicd tiust, or shall wo
throw it away by paying forty per
cent, premium for an Investment?
Tlio university was early contem
plated by those who havo gone before.
No ouo ono niiestlonH tho usefulness or
pioprlety of Hitch an institution, and
wo Hitpposu a lelrogrado movement,
with refeiunce to It, Is not contem
plated. Till: I'KKU'UNriAHY ! WHAT hHAMi
UN DO.N'H WITH OUIt (CONVICTS?
It would hcem that experience baa
lalight us that Ukro aro but few "prnl
tenl" and but few usforma accom
pllshcd lu Unit Institution, and, the re
hire, that It Is probably mis-named.
It will bo for tlio wisdom of tlio law
making power to prescribe tho proper
management, 1 do not doubt hut
there are numbera sunt to that liiHtltn
t Ion for petty otlbnsoa who should b
punished in some other way; and for
youths u house of correction or oilier
phico of conlluement and punUhpieut
nhould bo devised, I doubt tbo pro
piioty of sending any, no matter what
tho age, to tho ponltentlaiy d.r short
periods of time.
Shall wo amend our constitution so
us to enable us to havo a Judiciary
espial to our demands, or shall we con
tinue to multiply Judges of courts of
last resort? A. Utile rotlccllon wl'l
satisfy all that tlio evil In tho system
U radical, and we must begin the rem
edy In tho trial couits.
The earlier Idea about occupation
tax was that It should bo laid on Uioso
occupations and pursuits that were to
bo discouraged: but the modern prae
"tlco appears to bo to raise money, oven
ut tho expense of (hose most useful
and desirable. As to an ad valorem
tux, there Is no Just power to tako
from tlio cltlmiono mill, If It is not
nboluloly required to earry on his
government lu an economical manner.
What belongs to tho citizen Is hisiib
holutoly and his agents havo no right
to demand moro than Is necessorv.
Again no grottier temptation and Invi
tation to extravagance, and oven cor
unit Ion ean exist, thun a pleth
oric treasury. Wo need no other
evidence of this than that
ollbrcd lu our landed system. After
all tho headlights, tho augmentations
tlio donations apd Uio bounties hnd
been provided for, there Btlll remained
nay one hundred and twenty million
acres of land. This was atwuttlic sum
at tho close of tho war between thu
states. These lauds then began to at
tract tho attention of thu capitalists,
On. In. 1. 1 liiuwrrv (ilifl rrrt'tufv. I1TIM
scheme after scliemc was resorted to
to get hold of them. "When standing
in tlio Thirteenth Legislature there
wcro a few a aplcndld band who
protested against opening the door Uiat
was felt to be tliO Urst break upon thfcsc
lands. Theso men stood amidst tho
Jccra and scofl's of those who were
ChimOrOUS lor IIIO goilien l-Kg, uiiu
cmtlng a glance to tho distant future
nnd foreseeing that this rich Jleldtould
not be longer guarded, as n last resort
they Introduced and bad passed the
law setting apart one-half of the en
tire public domain for educational jur
iKwes. They took the only step left
them to secure to posterity u small plt
taiice of that splendid educational fund;
but the door was broken down and it
has gone, until now there is but a rem
nant. I think I pco away down tho corri
dor of time, this splendid territory
teeming with millions. 'omore pub
lic lands; no more cheap homes-
poverty ami sijuaim want guuiui
Ing fast and thick around the lnhul
itanU; when somo ono of them will
gather up the fragments of our his
tory and read to tho gazing ami mlnd
fanilsbcd multitude how this genera
tion bad In Its power ami keeping a
fund that should have gathered like
tho snow ball os tlmo roiled on, and
how, if we had been true to ourselves,
to iwstority, to them, they could have
educated all their children, paid all
their taxes, reared school houses, built
roads ami bridges and then I see
them turn with deep mtitterlngs, from
the wicked -folly that crucd our peo
ple from 180J to 1882.
I know that there is n popular fal
lacy abroad that ilnds expression in
such language as "damn posterity,
let It tak- ciiro of itself." I pity tho
heart that can thus spunk. No so spoke
our ancestors tbo fathers. They
saw not to-day, but looking with an
eye of faith and wisdom away in thu
distance, they saw w, and labored and
toiled for us,
OlTH COMMON HIU11WAVK.
Our laws on this subject are defec
tive. Thuro seems to bo nn reason why
all who own property or reside near
the roads should not contribute to sup
port them. The youth, the aged and
tlio nou-renldent, having property that
is benefitted by n highway, should
bear a proper proportion ofiLs burdens,
as well as thoo within cei tain ages.
The constitutional requirement that
tbo legislature shall niws laws to reg
ulate and control these Institutions
bos been only partially performed.
Tho people demand thu fullllmeut of
this plain constitutional duty.
it is not tlio work of an hour, nor to
lie performed without mature study.
These railways are our institutions ;
their value and utility to tho country
aro not to he questioned; their man
agement lias challenged and hntlhd
the highest order of talent, and what
ever is done, it is to bo hoped will be
dono In the spirit of justice and equity,
thai will piovo adequate to our wants,
wiiuoui crippling or injuring llie rail
ways. Tin: ritoM'ir.u.
That tho time Is rupidtyiippi caching
when wo will have no frontier, in the
sense of an Imllmi bolder constantly
subject to Incursions of hostile savages,
is coi tain, and yet those familiar with
our borders and the enforcement of
our laws, will readily eonccdo tho fact
that tho time lias not m rived for tiie
disbniidment of our stnto forces.
UMMTTION OK Till'. CltlUINWL IiAW.
There are three tliliurs imneratlvelv
demanded to a proper execution of
1. Wo must have a good judiciary,
whleli cannot bo bad but In except
ional cases without better salaries.
12. A salary to the moseeutlni' ouloor
that will Insure talents and fidelity to
uiny, i nut win no equal to our young,
vigorous and splendid bar: and
!l, A higher sense of duty on the nart
ctviii biuivtoi: unroiiM.
Tills is a theme dwelt upon by states
men of all parties, statu and Federal; it
goes forth in statu papers of the most
solemn character; we got it iu prose
and poetry, and no sooner has tlio
party triumphed by tlio force of its
logic thun it dies; olten a silent death,
without so much as a prayer being of
feied at its obsequies.
llnnnliy for the American nconlo
tho iatt ami most glaring breach of
piinilo decency liasorcn rebuked by an
ouliaged people, In a manner Ho se
vere thai we shall not likely, iu the
next few years, hoar of a lrubbell or
ganisation or a cabinet nilniter. ten
dered by tbo chief magistrate of our
Federal agency for governor of a state;
or of quarantine guards and roveuuo
olllclals undertaking to conduct elec
tions. While the-c things havo been
severely rebuked it has not been dono
by a peoplo unfaithful to the spirit of
our institutions, for all governments
hero aro tlio peoples, no Ies that of
tlio states than the Federal, and wheth
er improper interieieuco with tlio
freedom of ideations conies from
those In authority In the state or Fed
eral government, It la tlio right and
bouuduu duty of tho people to icbuke
Itlliu moro severely tho higher tlio
source from whence it comes.
In assuming tlio duties of tbts very
responsible ollice, I do, to-dav, al
though elected as a partisan, declare
that the oath orotllce disarms tho poli
tician and leaves me free to deal .with
ll alike, and whatever asperities may
havo nceu engendered In political con
tests, 1 thank God that 1 havo moral
courage onongli to remember that 1
am tlio chief magistrate of a great peo
ple and state, anil that It Is their
alliilrs, and not my own, with which I
havo to deal.
To those around mo, charged with a
portion of tho sumo public- trust, I
havo to say. that while a degree of
Individuality In nil is u nec
essary Ingredient, still I trust
that we meet with that spirit of
forbearance and concession that will
render the aggregated will useful to
our country, and in inviting their
hearty co-operation, I deem It proper
to say that they will flud iu me, at all
times, not only a willingness to hear
others ami consult their views, but to
nakoall necessary concessions in or
der that the lucomlug administration
may meet the expectations of this
Fidelity to tho constitutions or our
country, state and Federal, Uthetruu
tct or loyally, and ho who tramples
upon these 01 docs other illegal acts lu
the name of law is the vilest of law
breakers. . , , . , ,
- May we hope that our school lands
and the common school fund will be
guarded with that spirit of Jealousy
and devotion to trust and duty that
the magnitude of the subject demands.
It Is not unknown that the section
of our state where these Inuds are situ-
.,f,l ,-., I u (toon ttit.riKif in Mil4 flllli-
jeet, and while tho public aervunt must
IO Homing mat can ue uvuiueu 10 it
tard or annoy any section, still I know
mat gallant people win nui- require u
guardian of a great public trust to ioae
sight of the fact that he does Indeed
represent ull the people and all sec
tions of our state, and that devotion to
lliln i?rr.it trust is of the first and high
Bball the institution intended for
the treatment, care and cure of tills un
fortunnte cluss, bo longer a thing In
name, or shall we make it equal to the
demands of justice and humanity?
These and many other subjects, not
neccsnary to enumerate, will receive
more elaborate attention in directcom
mtinlcatiou to the two houses.
With reirnrd to tbo management of
our various institutions or appoint
ments to omcc therein, J wish to say
that tlio first great consideration has.
and will continue to be, the good of
tlio public service, and when I do not
think this service can be bettcied, no
removals will be made.
T believe in the fullest and freest
ballot, and do not cherish the slightest
animosity toward those who ollertd a
manly opposition to my election, and
as the executive, I havo no enemies to
We can have but few state secrets;
this government belongs to the people;
it is republican iu form and should bo
Inflict; the peonies' agents in time of
peaco can rightfully have but few
matters before them that should be
withheld from tlio people. If unjust
ciiticism ensues, a discerning und just
public "cntlment will sooner or later
The true theory of republican gov
ernment is that each individual shall
have an equal chance in life, and ex
clusive or extraordinary priviledgcs
should be given to none. Let each
pursue tliojourney of life in his own
way, tlio government taking care
only that no one obstructs or molests
the other, so long as each at
tends to Ins imn affairs.
Let us multiply the machinery of
government ns little as possible, ad
here to the simplicity, purity
and honesty of tlio fatheis,
and see how best to excel in
virtue, purity of character and in all
those things that make us a light to
AVo are blcsed by nature's bounties
far beyond the miijoilty of our race;
that these blessings are appreciated by
tlio world is shown in our wonderful
growth. Where, iu tho history of the
past, baa a state risen from less than a
million to nearly two millions of peo
ple in one decade? "When before 'has
the wealth of a people grown as ours
in the lat ten years?
To share those wonderful blessings
of climate, cheap homos, feitllo soil,
health and low taxes, wo invite and
welcome tbo industrious, tho well dis
posed and enterprising of all the
To our retiring chief let us extend
the best wishes of a people whom be
lias served long, and, wo must believe,
to the best of his ability.
if, in our judgment, wo aro led to
believe that he litis committed mis
takes, let our mission lie to avoid the
quicksands pointed out by tliosu mis
takes, and not detract from tho laurels
of a life of public service. And we
know that ills sterling good (.ciiso will
tell him to accord to us no other mo
tive than that or the good of all the
peoplu of Texas.
Try It! Try It! Try It!
Header, you should go at once to
your druggist and get a 125 cent box of
JlKOWN'8 AUNH'A SA1.VK. If it fails
once to cure any burn, old sore, ulcer,
fiost bite or inflamed sore eyes, your
dtugglst will leturn your monev.
Positively wanantod. For sale by T.
W. Powell, E. jr. Wells, L. X. Bruns
wig, G. W. Dash wood and Q. G. Pate,
M. D., Forth Worth, Texas.
1-11 d&w tf
Tlio children often get burned or
bruised. Bisow.n's Arnica Saia'kIh
warranted to euro at once. Tueutv
flvo cents. For sale by T. W. Powell.
IS. M. Wells, L. N. Brunswig, G. W.
Dash wood and' G. G. Pate, M. D.
Fort Worth, Texas. l-lld&wtf
Notn particle or quinine In Carter's
Iilvor Ultters, but tliev aro lnuticu
mrry recommended to those who have
long used quinine and felt its Jinurious
elleets. Sold nt wholesale by L. X.
H. N. CONKER & CO.
Booksellers and Stationers
(llluiiU llooUnlioloix Mmutf.ii'tmcr'it Trices.)
PICTURE FRAMES, ALBUMS AND
BiDles, School aufl Gift Books
OllDtill AND LCTTEIt (TRIPLI
CATE! COWING BOOKS,
(Invaluable to Merchants and Trav
Guitars, Violins, Banjos, Tamborinos,
Acoordeons, Valoniinas and
Croquet in Season.
NO. 32 HOUSTON STREET.
ft U llr til ft it A 1 WAMlf n 1tt... iv I....
tho liutiiktrtous. Ilet ln:blnes
ill f "w ociow i no public Oipllul
VJfl fimiiol ucfeKM. Wo will tnrt Mut.
aim, u anion, ikis mill mrls
xyiMl&l cver whoru to work lor us. Now s
tlio tlmo. outiin ork in nijv time, or
(te our whole attention to tlio tnulniVs,
Jo other Misinos y.m pay you nearly n
a ell. iMno can fall to nmko enormous twv
ly cnniKliu; nt oucc Cosily outflt nmt terms
fre . Mitney innilc rnst, cully ntul iionora.
bly. ArtilreM TUUK CO..
novMHy AUKUtn, .Maine.
The Purest Beverage
Health and Vitality to All
IiEGOHMENDEI) BY ALL
To Be M Ef erjwliBm
TRADE SUPPLIED BY
USB! k Sum
O C El
An cl Doftlor lxa.
BAGGING AND Tl
Nos. G, S, 10, 12 and 14 First Street!
Fort "WTazrtiii, "Goxi
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
u iT m iT W
Wagon and Carriage "Wood World
STOVES, PUMPS, PUMP 8UPP&
1 1 '
AGENT F0K HiiLLIDAY'S WHl
Corner Houston and Second Stroot3, Port Worth, m
THE OLDEST AA'D LARGEST STOVE AND HARDWARE HOUSf!)
o-Evory Description of Job Work dono on Short NotIce.-St
REGULAR MEALS 25 CEN1S!
Attentive a,. Hew. Table supplied with the best the markets
anuria uy xciepnonu promptly attended to.
CORNER WEATHERF0RD AND THROCKMORTON STREETS.
BOAZ & BATH
lyciiei eti commission mercnants n
m h a H
AND fc'OLE AGENTS TOB
FORT WORTH, TEXAS
i . Ju-5-eoJ.nu
? w vu5 B au MWW
OFFBCE AND WAREHOUSE:
Houston and Main Sts., Between 13th and I4
Port KTx-tx9 tas?es:1
for Indian Nation con ' oo1 bKclw "ml Tw,II furnlUied on ppli
- ' J
'erchants Exchange Eestan
jonn riottmann, Prop ra
Houston Street, USText to Public Sqf
Fort X7"ort3b., E'o3s:J3. p
Finest Trench cooks nlwaya employea. Steals nt nil hours, day of ajf
BEST BKAXDS VINES, LIQUOKS ASP
bALOOW M BUELDBNG.
lmjiorters nnd Wholesale Ucalon. In
LIQUORS AND CSCl
IPoX't "7U-ortll., 1fG3SLt&'m
Agents for St. Louis and Milwaukee Bottg
i otlicra, wilh blood
iiii'suUbut could not
town 1 1 1 ofllo r
' 1JI t tuilnm ...... . ... .
. . . .1 '.AIH III tllV V
lumnwl ilwtrmsilon oftlio mUlIons of
nUiliita Unit destroy their props, so
0.,- ..,.,, vtw tuiuira, Ii-I"-Tf
All invoke of surinirmw .
li'JSo'rSSirf1""" "'ready lws.,w ,