Newspaper Page Text
't n $ $;
xri f.-. c .
Sieccssor to the Democrat-Advance.
FORT WORTH, TEXAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY
YOL. T, KO. 28
Ions Eoports oftlio Standing Commit
tees of tho Senate
t ,, ,,....
jduotion of Several Important New
Bills and Besolutionsi
iirmation of the Appointments
tho Board of Begonta.
nations for State offices Sent in by
utions of Kespcot to a Deceased
H cx-Mumbor of the House.
ierous Bills Called up in tho House,
and Ordered Engrossed,
ly Information About tho "Work of
Ilal to tlin Onzuttu.
stin. January 17. Mr. Gibbs,
tho committco on constitutional
lulmeiits, reported favorably
joint resolution fixing tho
i tax for tho payment of tho pub-
ubt so it snail not, excoeu imy
Idlciary committco n umber two
Irted uniuvorauiy a oui nuuiuriK-
tho placing ot county convicts m
i when tncy lciuseto worn: aisu
tiding that where a juror died or
Isabled ttio remamuer Hiiau reium
tdlqt; also prohibiting county oi-
lrom receiving ices not uiiuwcu
tw and favorably ou tho bill puy-
rrund jurors two uonars per nay;
k hill nrnhlhltlmr county officers
purchasing property at tax sales;
ixing tno penany ior nisi rmmg.
Mr. Cooper Providing In suits
jpon accounts, mat cue oaiu oi
correctness snuu ue iukuii us
ia lacio evuiencu oi me irum in
Mr. Travlor Providing that no
itiial shall bo had in civil suits
jss application therefor is made in
court ami a jury ieo ucposuea.
Mr. Uibb3 Providing tnut tue
bio court shall hold its sessions
bllows: Dallas, first Monday in
iter; Galveston, first Monday in
lary; Austin, nrst aionuay in
tMr. Travlor Amending article
lie constitution, as follows: There
f bo elected by the qualified voters
i state a superintendent- oi euu-
Mr. Gibbs Tliat tho committee
Constitutional amendments liave
ted for the use of tho benatc, one
llred copies of all amendments of
lo 7 ol tue constitution. Adopted.
ie senate then wentinto cxecutivo
and confirmed the nppolnt-
is lor uuiveisity regents bent in
erday by Governor Roberts.
10 uiu amending tuo nenat coue,
fidiiiK that when tho sumo de-
iant has been convicted in two or
cases judgment shall be pro-
heed in each case the same as If
ro mm ooon mil one conviction,
ho bill authorizing the counsel for
istnto to take part in iunuent pro-
Sum's was enirrossed.
Iho bill preventing county officers
in receiving fees not allowed by
f-, fixing tho penalty at not moio
In 81,000, was taken up and amended,
hkimr the fine not more than 4100,
il was ordered engrossed.
mes3ugo was leociven irom uov-
lorlieland, making the following
lomtincnts and asKiug tneir con-
iiatiou : J. AV. Bains, secretary of
ie: .lames ii. liuri's, assistant ai-
iey-Keueral : Dr. A, 2sr. Denton, su-
Intendent of lonatlc asylum ; Dr.
ik RuincT. sunenntendeut of
Id institution; Col.John S.Ford, su
Intcndont of deaf and dumb asy-
Col. T. J. Goree, super-
Bidont of penitentiaries; Geneial
jamln E. McCulloch, assistant
Irintendent of tho Huntsvillo pen-
tinry; D. M. Short, assistant supei
lident of tho Husk penitentiary,
r. Daniels, inspector of outside
o senate will consider the above
lebill suspending the saleotpub-
Mius was taKcen up.
erratum moved to amend, tnut
HiK contained In this act shall
L'lid the return of field notes to the
oillce of land already hurvcyed
er tho rxisting latrs, and fur
! nrovideM that the time
the payment for tho purchase
K?y for land already surveyed
Etlio state treasury, snail remain
br jirovided by law.
K I'fcutrer moved to table the
Kloberirnnovedto amend afld-
"and all lands set apart for the
lient of tho public debt. Adopted.
r. uiooi moved to amend uy pro-
that such disposition shall not
to actual scltlord apiilyiug for
-res or less. Adopted.
Martin innwd to amend bv ad-
"under the existing pre-emption
Shannon nmvoil in slrllco out.
jlegislnturo shall otherwise deter-
i and insert "expiration or !)0
from the adiournment of the
tut letfisliitui'o." Adonted.
o rules were susnended and the
0 bill ncrmimn!' husband and
to tcstity in divorce suits was
Pi up, iiullner which the senate
In tied till 10 o'clock to-morrow.
ie house nut at 10 a.m. A me-
(Wtw received fiom the senate an-
eiiigtlio passage of tho conour-
l" or tno payment or tno uiuengo
ler diem of mernhnm. also that a
Inltteo of three to act with a com-
F-e uf tha linimn liml len an-
pbintcd to enquire into tlu condition
of tlio jrovemor's mausloa.
Mr. Fost6r of Oroyscn oiFered the
following resolution : Whereas, sluco
the legislature of the itate was last In
sc-alon Mr. G. It. Heaves, lato speaker,
and many times a member of tho
hotisd of rcprcsenUtlves of this sate,
has been finally t-eparatcd from us by
death, and thereby n life faithfully de
voted to the publl? service and essen
tially contributing to tho prosperity
of thu statu, has been brought to u
Whereas, This house for which
ho had been nomlnuted and to
which, hut fo: his death ho would
doubtless have been choson a member.
by n loving and confiding constitu
ency, lias thereby been deprived oftlio
benefit of his legislative expoiicneo
aud patriotic counsels,
Therefore, bo It resolved. Tint as
representatives of the people, wc sin
cerely lament tho ;lcath of Cooncl
Gcorgo R. Reeves as a loss to tho date,
of a citizen in private life, conspicu
ously upright, just and pure, an! In
state counsels wise and patriotic, hav
ing won for himself an enviable Jlace
In tho hearts of tho people and a lame
worthy of their grateful romcmlmnco.
Resolved further, That the synpa
thies and condolence or this house aro
hereby tendered to tho family oitho
deceased for tho irreparable loss sus
tained by them, and that In tocon
thi'iortf a cotiT of these icsolutlms.
attested by tho signatures of the
speaker and chief clerk of the huso
be forwarded to his widow, and Hit a
page of the house journal be appropri
ated inscribed to his memory.
llllil.S AND llESObUTlOKS.
By Mr. Cavcn Resolution authciz
Ing the speaker to appoint ono adl
tional porter and three additional cin
mlttco clerks, l'asied.
By Mr. Ayres To amend the v
regulating the taking of testimony lu
criminal cases and allowing dciii
dunts to testify In their own belilf,
their testimony to be taken first.
1U Mr. Nash To legalize ho
ackliowledgcinentof a receipt on ho
margin ora record of balance dueon
deed of mortgage, trust deed, etc.
By Mr. Foster To authorize a lis
band to sue jointly with his wife "or
the recovery of any separate propity
of the latter, or the wile to sue alnc
in her own unlne.
By Mr. Kendall To conipcl defed
ants in case of an appeal for nilte-
mcanor to lilo a traiibcnpi in uiop
per court within twenty days.
By Mr, Stcole To punish tennis
for disposing of personal property o
fore tlio demands of the landlordre
By Mr. Robertson To nniendic
law relative to costs paid by tlicste
and to add a chapter piovlding fone
witness fees In certain cases.
By Mr. Wilson To amend the w
regarding the execution of civil ;o
cess by officers of counties other tm
those 'from which tho process isstd.
By Mr. Fisher Concurrent resu
tlon to pension Mexican war ver
mis. By Mr. Graves to repeal tho lawe
quirlng trains to stop tor accrtaintlo
at state lines.
By Mr. Leo To diminish tlio jus
diction of the county court of Str
Jy Mr. Davis Fixing tho payf
tax collectors at five per cent, onll
monies collected butonly one per cit.
for collecting railroad subsidy taxe?
Bv Mr. J dndsey Making the iy
of grand jurors two dollars per day.
By Mr. Elliott To define the nu
ncr of making contracts with teaelrs
by trustees of schools.
By Mr. Chambers of Collin Rcmi
tion hi vitimr Norton Moses, amentr
of the Fifteenth Legislature, to a sea n
the hou'-e. Adopted.
By Mr. TJiompson of Bexar in
scribing the mode and manner ofi
corporatlng nillroad companies, ip!
duced at the lwiuesl of cx-Attour-Geneial
By Mr. Cramer Resolution thatfo
hundred copies of the rulCM of the hoc
bo printed. Referred.
By Mr. JIazelwood To regulate e
manuer of making ball bonds umr
By Mr. Stout To regulate the mi
ner of taking testimony In civil cas.
Bv Mr. McDaniel Resolution lut
ing lion. B. D. Tarjton to a beat wij
ln the bar of the house.
By Mr. Brown Resolution citir
that many Confederate corulleas
were now outstanding with no land)
satisfy them, and that it bo thq ae6
of tno nouso mat puouo uoiiiui
opened up to satisfy tno-,o uetu:
By Mr. Swan To amend tho If
relative to the holding of stock.
By Mr. Sharj) To define the nu'
bcr of judges and clerks of elcctiot
and to provide tw'o ballot boxes, ul
the manner of counting tho votes.
By Mr. Frymlcr To
- w - t .. rn. .inJi... i
sy Mr. -I'rymicr iu uuuuu.ii
duties of common, carriers ot lrelgh
,.,i.l t-. iiliuu (Inniiii'Ci; iiccriltnir
transit, and define Ihe liability for t
By Mr. Steele To prevent unjU
discrimination by carriers and requl
ing them to post a piinted behedute
By Mr. Blunt To pioscrlbe
penalty for the theft of cattle, ho
By Mr. Peers Obliging ooun
judges and commioiionors to subscr
to an oath not to bo, interested in b
contiact with or claim againsfr
By Mr. Swau To require jlisticeif
the peace to report tlio fines In crl
inal cases to tho commissioner? cov.
By Mr. AVllson To prescribe a
payof bheiifis and other olllcerar
extra ofilco service, such as bervg
election notices, etc., the amount Do
fixed by commissioners' courts.
By Mr. Dennis To diminish1
jurisdiction of the county eourof
By Mr. Chcuowcth To crca n
board for tho equalization and ab
luent of railroad rolling stock ml
other movable property. TheM11
makes the governor, comptrollernd
commissioner of the land office &n n,
sr,.,r, It rrinlioji th nrc-ilde Or
fhipf" executive olllcer of ichl
road la th state, ;'on
fore the first duy of April of
each year to make returns to tho comp
troller or the length of the lines or
roads, number of cars, locomotives,
etc., and the cah valuation thereof;
these returns to be submitted hy the
comptroller to tho board, which is re
quired to meet in Austin on tho third
Monday In April ami proceed to assess
audi property of tho roads for tho pur
poses of taxation.
By Mr. McLean To withdraw all
public, school, university and asylum
lauds from the market.
By Mr. Browning To prcsclbo the
pcualty for hording stock upon an
other's laud without tho coubent uf
By Mr. King To prcscrlbo tho man
ner of filing protests ngalust tho opea
ing Of new roads and highways.
By Mr.' Davis Fixing the fees ot"
tax assessors at fivo per cent, on Btato
tax, and tho same on county tax, the
latter not to exceed $.1,500 a year lu
By Mr. Fisher Resolution Inviting
lion. Charles Stewart to a seat in the
By Mr. Ilazlewood To regulate tho
taking of forfeitures before examining
By Mr. Scott To provide for tho
preservation of ballots after counting
the vote, to bo u'-ed in cases of contest.
By Mr. Patton To amend tho bill
of rfjghts, and asserting that tho ob
ject of the punishment, primarily, Is
to secure just rcttlbutlon to ofiendcra,
and, secondarily, to suppress crime
Uiul reform criminals.
By Mr. Barrett To provide for tho
pay of Jury commissioners in county
and district courts.
By Mr. Kendall To provide for n
disposal of breachy cstray animals.
By Mr. Merrlwethcr To mako tho
per diem of grand jurors two dollars.
By Mr. Cochran Coinpellingclciks
or county courts to keep tho records,
with Hiiltablo Indexes, of- all appeal
Londs, stay bonds, etc.
By Mr. Lco-Petltlou of William
Scanlun, cx-shcrifiof Cameron county,
asking pay for convoying, prisonefo to
By Mr. Berry To authorize im
prisonment for debt when rendered
against xroicity acquired contrary to
By Mr. Rosenthal Authorizing the
expenditure of $20,000 by the state In
the Interest of immigration.
REPORTS OK COMMITTKUS.
Mr. Hill for judiciary No. 12, favora
bly on Patterson's bill amending the
Sunday law to more properly define
the penalty for violation thereof, and
repairing the defect in tho old law;
unravorablyou tho bill repeallhg tho
law making it a penal
o House to sell cattle as
agent without a written power of
attorney from the owner; unfavorably
on the bill extending tho opera
tion of the law of afi'ray as to public
places; on the bill making it a forgery
to sign a parents name to an order for
marriage llscenso without authority;
ou enlarging the statute concerning a
breach or the peace.
By Mr. Robertson for tho com
mittee on judicial districts Favora
bly on the bill to reorganize tlio
twenty-fifth judicial district, with a
amendment authorizing extra terms
when necessary under certain conditions.
By Mr. Wurzbach For the comnilt
teo on public land asking that differ
ent bills relativo to laud legislation bo
printed for information.
By Mr, Douglass from tlio commit
tee on county boundaries Favorably
on tho bill defining tho boundary lines
of Gillespie county,
Tho special committco on inaugural
reported tho oaths oi ofilco adminis
tered to tho governor and lieutenunt
governor. The speaker annouueed Messrs.
Taylor, Gundilf and King as a com
mittee to act with a llko committco n
the part of tho senate to exanilno the
condition oftlio governor's mansion.
Adjourned until 10 u. m. to-morrow.
Saloonist of tho Nowlmll
Charged with Incendiarism.
ltciuovttlto Trfitcut lteln Jlsl)l,a Strnc
l)liin)CHrunp( of tho Ilooln.
Milwaukee, January IV. Nothing
was done this morning about bringing
Schiller Into couit lor examination.
Tho district attorney Is examining the
cas-e. Ebetts J. MoKiinteV have been
retained bv Sohlller. Everything yaj
from a mob In case one was foimcd.
W. II. EbotW visited Chief Wassou
and labored with him and the sheriff
to remove tlio prisoner to Racine to
protect him from the venucaticu of the
third mid fourth wards. To keep Shll
ler In tall hero would bo to
place hiin at tho inoroy of the mob.
The mayor was then called on anil
visited the chief. 1 1 wiW arranged to
ascortalir-tho statu of feeling iu the
localities mentioned and arrange for a
special train to carry Schiller to
Racluoln iviso there wore signs of
trouble' An cugluo was held icady
aud a considerable number of tho day
police force were kept on hand at tlio
Mr. 'Schiller came to Milwaukee
with Mr. Antlsdell Trout Detroit about
nlno yiara ago, when tho latter as
sumed chaiwo ol tho Newhnll House,
lie had bocfi chief clerk of tho Riddle
House in that city when Antlsdell
kept It. Tho two men, It is said, hnvu
always been warm personal frleuds.
Sohillev leirned the printer's' trade
in hlsyoulh, and worked at It In De
troit tor six years. Besides Schlller'a
well known financial dilUuultlcs, and
his high Insurance, another thing gave
rise to the first suspicion that it was
no less than an attempt to blow up the
Nowhall Home by gas explosion
bomo thrco weeks ago. About this
alliilr, William Hughes, head porter
at tho New Hall lloiwe, says: '! am
lu the habit of going to tiie hotel
about 0 o'clock a. m. One morning
about two WcekH ago, I went up tho
hiuln entrance, unit when J got near
tho (levator smelt gas. It was very
strong, undHcomcd'to como from the
bar room. A 1 opened tho door, aud was
ncuiiy Knoeiiou iiuwn, it was so very
piercing. Just as f opened tho door a
bar tender, Henry McCool,came In the
front way. 1 asked him what tho
trouble was and he said ho didn't
know but thought it was thegasiucter.
Wo reached iu and looked at the
meter but it was all right. Wo came
out Into tlio bar room and lluew open
the outside doom. I noticed a small
bluo ilamo on onu of the burners way
back in the room and then looked up
and found that every ono of the six
chaudelieis had the gas turned oh full
ftyce. I could hardly believe what I
Btny, and said to lilui, '"my God, what's
this for?" Ho said ho didn't
know, and that Schiller was in
the place, when lie left. "Vq
turned all tho gas oil". 1 wont up
staii-s and told Mr. Antilell .of it and
ho nskort if I llta match. T tin Id : 1 did
not, and hu &ald I did wrong. Si'hiller
didn't come around that day. It was
thiitcen days before lie showed ui and
ho, said ho was sick. He was asked
about tho gas and said hoiiic ono must
have had the key to the door and got in
aud turned them all ou. Hughes
says u boy known as "Little Pete,"
who worked in the barroom, eaid that
he left Schiller In the place about thrco
o'clock that morning.
Another body wai found in the ruina
tills morning, but was an unrecog
nizable muss, ho much so that It was
Impossible to asceitaln whether it was
the body of a man or woman.
This makes, In all, forty
bodies taken fiom the ruins
sluco tho morning after the fire,
twenty-three being identified. The
loss of life as far ;is known foots up
sixty-three, with twenty still missing.
About U:U0 o'Olock last nluht a
caniago drovo In front of tho Jail, and
the sherlfi' witli two deputies took
Schiller , fiom tho cell to
tho carrlge. Sheriff Bcntiy and
the deputies then entered and
were driven to the House of Correc
tion where It was at first Intended ho
should be placed, On Mcichlng it tlio
inspector was absent anil the ofilcers
iu ohargo refused to rcoitlvo him. A
consultation was held between the
bheilffaud deputies and they decided
to remove him from the city, it is
Mild he was taken to Racine on
a midnight train but a gen
tleman from there said he
was not there. It is reported from a
trusty Kouleo thri. ftehlllcr was taken
to Waukesha and Is locked up In Jail
tnere. All omi'iai ai tno snorlirs
office bald this morning that Schiller
hud been taken u.uy, but thut lie
would be brought Into the Milwaukee
municipal couit ou any duy
set for examination, but furthor he
WHuld say nothing either about
removal, or where lie wa taken.
When Schiller was brought out of jail,
lie said ; "This is pretty rough, to have
such a churgo as this bunging over
you." Ho seemed to be almost com-
I pleicly biokcn down, and followed
oi way, as
Ksrniie tif rrlsoiioni l'roui Cloily lu lul-
I'Ktlno uui ToxarUaim.
Spnclal lo til w Clnr.nltt.
Palestine, January 17. About the
middle of last night two prisoners con
fined in tlio city calaboose set lire
to It and thai broke out and skipped.
The fire department sown arrived and
saved tho building from entire de
struction, though it was badly gutted.
Chief Roberts captured the Incendia
ries and Jailed -them In the county '
jail. t j
It is learned from the military acad
emy at West Point, that the cxamina- j
tloii held January 10, rculted in tho
tlitchuiue of cadet Einbrto of Bolton, '
ho failing to pass examination. Tho
only other Texans In tho clasa were
cadets Dwycr ofBreuhani, and Fowler
of Palestine who pulled through suc
cessfully. Sneulul to tUo Giizntti..
Toxarkana. January 17. The iail of i tho officers in a daed tort
Miller county was broken open to-day though hojhurdly knew what lie was
and several prisoners escaped. Among j ',., faUuJ0 (o fl tl)e ,. Ifjtcr
them was Ed Garrett, a ucgro, who 0f the Newliall house or any
waabontonced at the last term of the other books in thu wife which would
Miller county court to bo hanged on Hhow who were In the hotel the night
tho '2.1 liibt. for the crime of wife mwr-J 0f tho fire, cam-cs considerable hur
der, He was chained with heavy ,,r80 and. many theories areputfor
irons, which were an obsticlo folds . wwrd as to what became of the books,
escape, and was captured after going a (it had been reported and expected
tjk otners are sun at t that tl0 register and transfer book had
' been iu tiie safe when the fire wh dis
covered uno hundredB of persons nil
over the country were waiting for
tho register to bo recovered bo It might
bo known who wero guita of the
linti.l nn flic fulfil uli'lif. 'I'llnrn nt lie.
twelve books to show who wero employed in
Jiight. the Iioiiho or the guests. There were
loaded i found only ouiiik poults ami a lot or
papers. Mr, Antlsdell wjio waspre
ent when tho wife wasopened, quickly
threw the contcniH into a box and
carried It, oil. ' A number of
workmen were at tho ruins to-day and
work is expected to bo completed Sat
urday. The bodies recovered to-day,
escape, aim vnc
Clinton, Iowa, January 17, A
broken rail on tho Midland branth of
tho Chicago and Northwestern Rail
road caused a serious accident
miles north of this city last
Tho last car of a stock train
with merchaudiee and u way car want
down a twenty foot embankment kill
ing tho brakman, Injuring Conduotori!
D. v lticnaruson and injuring nine
teen passengers, none seriously, Three
ludles In the rear ear wero wounded,
All were taken to Clinton or Lyoutf.
making forty-three, aro all beyond
recognition. Twenty-throonro iden
tified dead and It Is supposed fifteen to
twenty are still missing. Clilef or no-
lieo states to-night he learned ono of
tno clerks ran out of tho burutng
house with the register but. stumbled
down mid lost tho book. Tlio transfer
book la not heard from yel.
m ., - ,
zimKLUA; s TKomua:s.
MUaOnnlHon AiU.ii1k1 1,o IrrvKpiiiitltiln
S(, Louis, Mo.M January 17. Miss
Zeroltln, Ourrlnon luw been taken east
by lier Unolo O. T. Garrison by (he ad
vice or thoTamlly physicians toliu
placed In an aiyluni for the treatment
of nervous dNeasea. A card signed by
Dr. E. S. Walker and 0. W. SteVens
will bo published in this afternoon's
J'oxf-DiwaMi in which t hoy slate that
upon u full examination of her mental
condition the young lady Is deficient
In tho development Of her mental fac
ulties to such an extent as to make her
Irresponsible at Mines for her actions.
Irregularities of thu natural functions
aro well known to the family physi
cians who account for this with regard
to her physical condition. Tho exam
ination warranted tho conclusion that
she was not subjueted to any physical
violation during tho Mine of her dlsap
A Vivid Oompaiisou of the Oarriore of the
. Pros out and Past,
Tho Slngo. Couch Mini Vm'k-llot r of tho
Oouil Ol.l DiiJK.
A ghmco at tho mall facilities
tho present day reminds us that :
" Weurn loDlnx fust the rooi! old li5'
Ur iiiiUIiik trliuoU mul Killiuii Km n, '
With thu construction of railroads
aud the Introduction of fast malls, the
stage-coaohes of olden times have dis
appeared, At first they were driven
westward, like tho ml man.
As "westwaid the course of omphu
took Its way" thlthor tho stage-coach
followed; helping to plant civilization
in tho remotest places, and often lead
ing tho way with Its genius, the driver,
and Its load of venturesome passen
gers. Tlio encroachments, whilst less
warllko than those thai drovo tho In
dian from home, were no less potent.
It was tho advance of civiliza
tion aud tho modern im
provements that the nineteenth
century has pioducod. The
slago couch could not exist alongside
of tho cheerful day coach, the elegant
drawlmt-room car and Uie induce
sleeper. It had its mission, but that
mission has been fulfilled, and lu the
plebeian hack and thu clumsy omnibus
we have but tho bomblanco of former
greatness. Few things will sooner put
tho average old citizen lu a talking
humor than a roferenco to tho stage
coach of his boyhood and early man
hood. He-knew everybody, and still
remembers them, and is over ready
with incident and tale to amuse and
entertain tho less fortunate persons
who never biiw an "old timeiy' or re
member them only as" n sweet dream
Tho stage-coach was not nn aristo
cratic conveyance. Men of all ranks
rode within Its narrow limits ou an
equality. It was no uncommon thing
for men of thehlghestraiik lu business
and lu the councils of thu nations to
travel Incog., revealing their Identity,
if at alt, at tho lust moment. An old
driver used to boast that hu had driven
the stage In which Richard M. John
son and his wife and daughters rode.
Members of congicss became intimate
with persons whoso only distinction
Was that they had accumulated
enough money to make a single trip In
tho stage. Tlio driver, always a char
acter, felt no moio awe iu the
presence of greatness than when
standing before one of his
splendid bays, mid possibly ho
resnecU'd the latter more. Cincinnati
belugthe laigcstclly in tlio sluic, was
a central and radiating point for many
lines. The old Gait House wan tlio
hcadquurteis to which all Incoming
stages drovo and tho stinting point for
till outgoing. .Frequently when com
peting lines to some point were put
upon tho road fho scones around tile
old Gait were exciting enough. Once
an old-tiino stugo drovo up to tlio office
and the driver announced that he
would carry passcngois to Hamilton
for twcnty-llvo cents. Immediately
his competitor announced ten cents as
the rate on the now and progressive
line, and he took the business lorthat
The niojt Important lino lu the
stato, lhou"ii inany others nearly as
Important existed, wus the ureatEast
cru line from Cincinnati to Hlllsboro,
Chfllicothc, CIrclevlllu aud Columbun,
It was owned by Tm Image & Co., who
ulso owned several other lines In
tho state. During Jov water In the
Ohio river, It was no uncommon tiling
for the company to run twelve stages
over tho roads ovor.vduy,slx capli way,
ull heavily loaded, and yielding a
handsome profit. Horses wero
changed eyery twelve or sixteen miles,
accuruuig to uie noici accommodations
or the road, uud the time wan from
soYou to (en miles an hour. A hun
dred miles every twenty-four hours
was a fair rate of speed, and passen
gers were satisfied.
Tha old-time Hjago-coaob. its miccoss
mid its decline, its incidents, acci
dents and romances would bo almost
an endless theme If full Justice were to
be done. But this article wus com
menced for the purpose of comparing
the mail facilities of to-day with those
before tlio days of railroads and postal
cars. One thing ilii(Hl not be over
looked hi treating this matter, If wo
can imagine a condition without rail
roads, and fast mulls and postal cars,
with a distribution constantly going
oi,;atu speed of forty miles an hour,
ami aro deposed to deplore tho ex
peiifce, not to say anything about tho
alleged grasping qiiulitlesof the rail
road companies, It is well to remem
ber that without them the present
qutttiMtlOi of mail could not he trans-
potted. Tho number of weekly papers
tluitnro mailed every Tuesday and
Bontbul from tho Cincinnati postortleo
would load down every stage coach
that ever left Cincinnati In ono day.
Tciiidaya from Now York might bo
endured and no serious results come ot
it, but tho placing on the road of a
sufilqlent, number ot coaches to trans
port the nihil would ho to virtually
block the highways ogalimt all trafile.
With tho lnereasu of malls canto the
Increased fuollltlbs for handling them,
and as n result wo. have tho modern
postal car, and an army of Intelligent,
Industrious, and oftentimes over-,
-worked pdstnl elorktf. Under tho old
system the want of- speed In tho mode
of conveyance was but ono cuukq of
delay. Then nearly everything hod
to pass through a distributing office,
thoreby causing a delay of from
ono to three days, under tho
present system of disttibutiou on th
cars no delay Is dcouslbnod, and letters
pass through uH promptly m If they
wero put up In packages and sent di
rect, from tho mailing olllcu (o that of
Mulls were, first earrlcd by rail In
1831 between Baltimore and Frederick
City, Maryland. Thu first mad carried
In Ohio by mil Was over tho Mud
Rlvor and Lake1 Erie road, between
Sandusky and Trillin, In l(18. Tho
first of all rail connection between
Now York mid Cincinnati was In 1853.
Tho system of distribution on the
cars was introduced In 18(13, and has
grown aud increased until It has be
come a necessity and could notbu
dispensed with no mutter what tlio
The claims commission lo-dov
agreed to recommend tho passage of
the house bill authorizing, thu treas
ury department to examine and audit
all unpaid claims fot sendees rendered
and supplies furnished, under direc
tion of the Indian bureau, and report
to congress tho balance equitably due.
The conference ropoit on the agri
cultural appropriation bill wan agreed
The poslofilco appropriation bill was
Mr. Davis, referring to tho item un
necessary and special faullltlcs on tlio
trunk lines of railways, thought the
word "trunk" designated aud
confined the benefit of the
appropriation to two railways,
the Pennsylvania and New York Cen
tral. Tho whole appropriation went
to these roads and one city, Now
York. Mr. Plumb said thu gentleman
wua mistaken, and nont to tlio clerk's
dt'sk and had read a letter from tlio
Huperlntciidont of tho railway mull
showing how $785,000 for this purpose
was expended and rcomiiicudlnglf a
similar appropriation was made this
session it sjiould bo n continuation of
tlio existing service of this year. Do
balu ciifitiod. Mr.Mnxoy thought tho
people west of the Mississippi woretm
well entitled us others to these malls
aud unless the benefits could bo fairly
distributed they ought to bo discontin
ued entirely. Alter further de
bate and tlio adoption of the amend
ments fitriklng out tho house
provision relating lo the compensa
tion to bo paid tlio Pacific, roads for
mall soi vices, the morning hour ex
pired and the bill went over.
The sunato resumed eoUiildcrattou of
Mr. Hoi ford prasentcd n memorial
for the establishment of railway com
munication with Central and Kouth
On motion of Mr. Browne, Charles
J'. Darcey was sworn In as representa
tive fiom tho Ninth District of In
diana, to succeed the late Mr. Orth.
Mr. Hleo of Massachusetts called up
tlio special order, being a Joint resolu
tion providing for a now mixed com
mission, in accordance with tho treaty
Of April 25th, 180(1, with Yene.uelu.
Alter consuming an hour aud a half
reading a report on Mr, Rice's iyho-Iu-
tion, pending discussion, Mr, PetH
bono submitted a Unanimous report of
tho election coinuiitleo favoring J. 'J1.
Cuinc to bo admitted from Utah uud
he was yoru in.
Tiie joint resolution to request iho
president, to open correspondence with
tho governnu'ii of Venezuela with a
view to tlio appointment of a uowcotn
uilsslon at Washington to consider
tlio evidence- submitted by the former
commission, and directs tlio money
now In charge of tho department of
stato received from Veno.uolu accounts
and awards be distributed by pro rata
in the payment of the same.
Mr, Rice then resumed his argu
ment, appealing to the house to j)umh
the Joint resolution.
Mr. Blount thought congress should
view with cure and suspicion tho
Claims of American citlzenn against
the republic ot Kouth America, ln
stanciiig tucfthfphcrd claim.
.Mr. Williams said thu honor of tho
country required everything of which
Venezuela complained. It- should be
Investigated, ft bad been Investiga
ted by the committco on foreign uf
falis, and this Joint resolution was the,
result of that labor.
Mr. Wilson of West Virginia mndo
a constitutional argument against the
power or congress to legislate on Mils
question. The Joint resolution was a
manifest encroachment upon the
treaty making tlio power, und he pro
tested inralnst its passage. The joint
resolution then pawed. v
Mr. O'Neill of Pennsylvania pre--Hentcd
a memorial of the tin pinto
manufacturera of Pennsylvania, West
Virginia and Missouri, asking for u
retention of high duties oh tin plate,
' " ii
Madrid, January 17. fVhtsro worq
twenty-two shocks of uurlliqliukeiii
Muriu yesterday, uud several houses
weiedestioyed. - ,
A mueh-ububed editor wrote to a
brother Journalist, calling him an as,
and thoughtlessly signed himself,
"Yours fraternally." , , v
a lib such lorci- - us
Serially check the speed of tlio
wncn no tvns oauclit and doviu
,m nur luuua m Jitff minds remllfng
front sales of trust property, among
the holders', ..of. trust fiiotes. The
. Ill . " ''r llt'llmil ff I -
In the denutles soven lo nlnctv-fou
yotcdor urgency,, for .tho ippttym to j, ,
vumliud XI 1,1.11 It mU)iU , V ;"- trM"W'
I ', " '
. ......rVy'iv. it .....0..vj uc ytipivni-nr nvw CtBlwilvM' fiiiw
unuv t ncc
Itwcaknecs of the tluvv. Mr. ThOmiiH
1 concluded thu United Sfnte pbwxhwl
huwi m Ut Jinn I
WmPhL'&r !",TP "WW? I
tsxe front Mm mH,
is iriHKj: wn