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The Nashville globe. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1906-193?, February 01, 1907, Image 1

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MASHVILLE
V
OJC
iil
"All things come to them that wait, providing they hustle while they wait." Charles W. Anderson. "Get out of our sunshine." R. B. Boyd.
T
Vol. II.
NASHVILLE. TENN.. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1907.
No. 4
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REVIEW OF THE
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EFFECTS OF PLAY ON MINDS
OF GENERAL PUBLIC.
Daily Press Compelled to
" 'Pronounce the Play
Unwholesome.
"13
NO GOOD CAN BE PRODUCED BY
ITS
PRESENTATION. NEGROES
WOULD BE IN DANGER OF BOD
ILY HARM IF PRESENT STRONG
SENTIMENT IN FAVOR OF BRING
ING "UNCLE TOM'S CABIN"
HERE ADVISED AGAINST SUCH
STEP PEACE PRAYED FOR.
A Globe reporter was sent out by
the Globe Publishing Company to
learn something of Tom Dixon's
Thomas Dixon, mob instigator. Ne-
gro murderer, inflammatory race per
secutor, or any other name that the
English language contains to describe
a man that has brought the most In
flammatory agitation that has ever
visited our peaceful community since
v. An the mnrrm,, tr,, ki.it
Klan drenched the fair Southland
with innocent Negroes' blood. This
reporter, although a taxpayer and a
citizen, who was born and reared in
the South, and has lived in Nashville
more than a decade, paid his taxes,
obeyed the laws and has tried to live
a peaceable, Christian citizen, was
denied admission to this murderous
inflammatory exhibition for reasons
unknown to him. Hence he can only
judge the effects of this play by the
reports and editorials of the daily pa
pers whose editors were admitted pos
sibly on complimentary tickets. Your
reporter encloses herewith two clip
pings, marked No. 1 and No. 2 respec
tively. No. 1 is from the Nashville
American, which seems to thrive upon
tne spirit or race natrea or tne op-
pressed Negro. No. 2 is from the
Nashville Banner. These will give
some idea of the effects of this agita
tion on the minds of those who have
seen the play.
(From The Nashville American.)
Seldom has a Nashville audience
been so deeply moved oy a dramatic
production as that whien witnesea
"The Clansman at the vendome me-
ater on Wednesday night, me nouse
was crowuea aunust 10 us capacity,
. "I .1 1 i. i. 11- ..IX..
and during the performance a state
of suppressed excitement generally
prevailed, but it is not meant to lm-
ply that the audience was undemon-
strative, but merely tnat wnat was
expressed was almost Infinitesimal in
comparison with what was felt
Wisely, it is believed, did the manage
ment exclude negroes from the play
house, for so powerfully was the spir
it of the reconstruction period re
vived that it is probable they would
have been in imminent danger of
being forcibly expelled, if, indeed,
more drastic measures had not been
resorted to.
The now famous creation of Thom
as Dixon, Jr., was magnificently
staged, and the behavior of the audi
ence was eloquent testimony to the
effective work of the cast. Not from
the gallery alone emanated hisses and
excited exclamations; but In such a
manner also did occupants of boxes
and orchestra seats give vent to the
emotions of disgust and anger
aroused by the presumption and vil-
lalny of the negro characters of the
portrayal. Although the performance
was not without its defects, one was
blinded to them by the appealing
force of the ensemble, and indeed it
would be extremely difficult, if not
impossible for any man or woman im
bued with Southern sentiments to
criticise dispassionately. So powerful
are the paeslons which it inspires
that one tends to forget that it Is but.
a staga affair and this is the greatest
compliment that can be paid it.
It is not necessary here to synorsr
the story of "The Clansman as il
may be taken for granted tliat the
rmiHr is fnmiliar with it. It is an
irrefutable argument against the pos
sibility of social and political equality filmtos nothing to history and Is de
between the negro and the Caucasian" I signed for no present good. 'The ne
,
verBiona'andbthcr'additlons toljpalred to heir homes fully eatjaned
a con
races, and the play abounds with In
cidents which thrill a Southern au
dience with peculiar force. Power
fully dramatic Is the portrayal of Au
stin Stoneman. the uncompromising.
radical leader, bent on humbling the
white people of the South to acquiesce
In a condition of social equality, by
John B. Cooke, who proved htmsdf
equal to the demands, of his difficult
part. Albert Andrus gave a master
ful Interpretation of the character of
Silas Lynch. Lieutenant Governor of
South Carolina, the artful ; and am
bitious mulatto, who aspired ,to the
hand of Stoneman's daughter. Elsie,
and the audience testified to the effect
iveness of his work by Its repeated
hisses, and In one of 'the climaxes
of the play the exclamation, "Shoot
him," wa3 heard. The part of Dr.
Richard Cameron, the conservative,
reluctant. to countenance the organiza
tion of the Ku-Klux Klan until his
daughter had Jumped to her death to
escape the clutches of a brutal negro,
vas wll taken by Guy.B. Hoffman.
Nelse, Cameron's former slave, and de
voted to his master, was realistically
rortrayed by Theodore Kehrwald.
Coleman F. Carroll, as Ous of the
Black Guard, In the scene In the cave,
the meeting place of the Ku-Klux
Klan. Interpreted bis part with rare
dramatic effect. Charles Avery, as
the scalawag governor, the tool of
Tvnch. was ddmlrable. The part of
Flsie Stoneman. was taken by Claire
",-1J0WlH ""'"w ponrayeu
nit! nume ciimncier. ivuiuie anaw
give a very satisfactory lntrprptatlon
of the character of Flora. Dr. Camer
on s nammter. v. oni Butler, as
the Grand Wizard of the Klan, Gen.
N. B. Forrest: Ma"de Durand. as Eve,
Nelse's wife : John T3. Sweeny, as a car-
p?d,1lPr auctioneer, and all
of the other members of the numerous
cast were very satisfactory In their
respective parts. Pome of them dls-
plavptf dramatic ability In various sit
uations of a high order.
The scenic effects were excellent.
that of the pave being particularly
Impressive. "The Clansman" will be
presented rt the Vendome the balance
of the week.
"THE CLANSMAN."
(Nashville Banner.)
Thomas Dixon's flamboyant melo
drama, "The Clansman," has come
apd cone, and Its effect on life In
Nashville appears to have been no
more than that of any one of a thou
RJlTlfl otnpr Bch olim have ex
rted. and but for the protests against
the performance It would probably be
s soon forgotten ps any of them
The protests a-relnst the play and the
discussion elWfpd by them were val
uaMe aids to the press agent, and
their effects was shown In the crowd
rd houses at each presentation of the
drama. v
jf o110h a r-lav as the "Clansman'
Wore allowed to appear without oppo-
union, the probability Is that 1
I .
would soon run Its course and
nags int0 the limbo of forgotten
Uonsations. It has no literary
or dramatic merit to sustain a contln
nert- popularity.
There are features of the play
that naturally appeal to many people
In the South. It depicts the gross In
lustlce to which the Southern white
people were subjected by reconstruo
tion measures and he fanaticism o
some of the leading Northern poll
tlclans of the reconstruction era. I
shows, too. the Justification for meaS'
ures of self-defense which the strlck
en South adopted. These things pre
sented in melodramatic form arouse
a sentiment largely prevalent In the
South, and elicit Interest and ap
plause, but for this very reason the
rlav Is unwholesome. The South
should not linger in bitter and un
orofitable memories. It should not, at
least. have Its feelings harrowed by a
recall of those evil days with their
worst features accentuated and lnten
sified with all the calcium effects .o
a stage presentation. History should
U0 studied calmly and dlspassionate-
Iv and only perverted Ideas can be
bad from a purposely highly colored
melodrama.
"The Clansman," too, is calcufted
to encourage and sustain race rancor,
and that Is something the South needs
"specially to avoid. The relation o
the races in the South now is not only
amicable but politically and otherwise
!1 Is such as the white people desire
M doesn't behoove them to aid
vefted exploitations of race antag
onisms. "The Clansman" from this
point of view Is hurtful. It has no
motive of good or helpfulness In It.
Tt is a travesty on the conditions of
the reconstruction times, and It con-
I
' ,-se. Then .e-
A
11 III Lit
DICATE PURCHASES
A LARGE TRACT OF LAND IN
NORTH NASHVILLE.
This property we understand la on
McLaughlin avenue, not far from the
Jefferson street car line, and1 near
Flsk University.
The land la to be cut tip Into Dullfl.
ng lots, and sold on lone time, the
same as has been done by several
firms here to sell to white peoplo.
it is a fact, that with many thou
sand lots stkl on long time In this
city, a colored person was unable to
purchase a lot unless he paid cash, or
nearly all cash for it The result has
been that any one working and de
siring to Invest 50 cents or a dollar a
week In real estate had no opportunity
ror doing so.
This firm will place ;x large force of
men at work on this property at once
to beautify It We are told they will
have about 500 lots, and have already
et the contract for grading and tnak
ng streets, and otherwise making
high grade property of this. In order
that every one doing business may he
guaranteed against any possibility of
oss, one of the local banks guaran
tees all their transactions by signing
all deeds and contracts given by this
firm.
PEARL HIGH SCHOOL NOTES.
This school Is" now in a settled con
dition. Classes are running smoothly,
pupils have become accustomed to
their new grades, and it would he dlf-
ucuit ior a visitor to ten that any
change had taken place. Reorganiza
tion was effected with very little loss
of time. More pupils failed In hleher
mathematics than in any other branch,
thus verifying the popular and accept
ed notion that mathematical knowl
edge Is the hardest to acquire. Science
appeared to furnish the next greatest
obstacle in the way of promotion. It
would be Interesting to know how the
pupils In the white High School ao
quitted themselves In these branches,
that a comparison might be made as to
the relative difficulty of acquisition of
these subjects "by white and . colored
punlls, especially as both schools took
the same questions.
This school was honored with a vis-
It from Mr. J. Herman Moore (Prince
Herman), of Pittsburg, Pa., this week
Rev. G. L. Jackson visited the High
School on Monday.
Miss S. M. Wells, of Flelc Unlver
slty. called" at the school and spent
much time visiting the First and Sec-
ond Floors.
gro protests acralnst "The Clansman"
were first made In the North. It was
Inhibited by white Democratic an
thorltles in several Southern cities at
a time of race excitement These oh
lections, when they have been made
In vain In the South, have only adver
tised the play. "The Clansman" Is
obleetlonHble In the same way t'imt
"Uncle Toms Cabin" ww. It pre
sents the worst features of an evl
condition In the garish and exagger
ated lteht of melodrama and Irritates
and Inflames a serious situation that
should be left to safe Judgment.
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" was one of the
most potent factors In producing a
bloody war that calm counsel might
have avoided. It In hardly possible
that "The Clansman" could have such
dire effects, but it Is toying with dy
namlc conditions that were bes'
avoided.
The best way to nullify such an In
fluence, however, Is to leave it unno
ticed as far as possible. It will thrive
on sensational opposition.
In the name of all that is wise Jus
and good when will these agitations
cease? Why resurrect the old Ku
Klux Klan? Why heat the blood and
agitate the minds of young white men
who can possibly be easily excited to
Join a mob for the destruction of bus
nected Negroes on almost any frivo
lous pretext? But this Is not the
worst that this agitation brings
among us. The reporter has found
among almost every group of Negroes
who have been discussing this affair, a
strong determination to bring Uncle
Tom's Cabin to follow the Clansman
The book itself Is In demand. The
Negroes are buying it for their chl
dren. A great number of Negroes
are pledged to take season tickets for
a week at fair prices to bring this
nlay on the stase of Nashville. If
opera houses will not have it they
are talking of renting halR I am
sure that the Globe would advise
against this. Uncte Tom's Cabin, as
"Tlcadames" G. nT nrad y and
JTefford are oa the sick list.
Tau-1 Ahin
written by Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe,
did more, possibly, to emancipate the
Negroes than any other agency. It Is
dear to the Negroos and Is held in sa
cred memory. But In the words of
our great statesman, "Let us have
peace." The Globe will contend for
peace. Yet we ave assured that while
some cities and - even Borne states
have denied the right of Uncle Tom's
Cabin to be played upon the stages,
yet the Mayor of Nashville has as
sured us that he cannot stop a play,
as he has no power. So there Is noth
ing to prevent Uncle Tom's Cabin com
ing to Nashville. While the Negroes
lota tnls play, and would pay more to
sea It tha.i any other drama that Is
put upon the stage, yet, because they
found that it was offensive to their
white neighbors they have abandoned
the agitation of having It, and they do
net encourage the clrculal'on of the
bdok. Book agents among Negroes
have not encouraged Its sale. Well-
thlnklng Negroes have not encour
aged the reading of this book by Ne
groes. They have thought it best to
et the dead past lie burled.
- -
NITIAL RALLY FOR ROGER WIL
LIAMS UNIVERSITY.
Sylvan Street Baptist Church Raises
First Money Donated to Rebuild
this Institution of Learning.
Much has been said about rebuilding
Roger Williams University In Nash
ville, and speculation beyond measure
has been Indulged In, but the most ad
vanced step In that direction was the
effort put forth by the members of
the Sylvan Street Baptist Church on
the east side last Sunday, when un
der the leadership of their, able and
energetic pastor, Rev. Wm. Haynes,
they raised the sum of $54.00 as a
fund to aid in rebuilding the Institu
tion here. This was supplemented
with 128.00 raised at an Executive
Board meeting held recently at this
church, making a total of $82.00 raised
by this congregation and pastor. No
great fuss was made about the matter,
simply the members and. friends decld
ed that If Roger Williams Is to be built
the Negroes will have to put their
hflnds In their pockets and build It.
They built the old Roger -Williams and
turned It over to a soc'oty dominated
by white men, and when the fire came
and the "winds blew." . the Negroes
woke up to realize that they had built
on a sandy foundation. An Institution
that belonged to them was swept away
by the flames, the ltttlo sum of over
$50,000 Insurance was turned into the
treasury of the society dominated by
white men from the East, and the
ground was cut up Into building lots
and Is being sold; ro that the proceeds
can go in the same direction. The
university could not be rebuilt on the
same ground because some white peo
ple objected, despite the fact that one
Mr. Thompson, one of the wealthiest
and most highly respected citizens In
this city testified that the students
were always manly, and when the Are
forced the young men and women out
of Ssors. he throw open his doors t
them and aided them In every way he
could. But the Institution could no
be built there. Then It was rumored
that a site hid been purchased In an
other part of the city, even more de
sirable than the old site, and that
Nashville would retain the Institution
but time rolled on and the longer the
forty thousand Negroes of Nashville
waited for matters to materalize Into
something taneible the further from
solution seemed the problem of re
building this educational Institution
that has done so much to uplift the
thousands who have for forty odd
years looked on her with pride and
gathered inspiration, and it seems tha
they have about decided that the best
way to get a thing is to roll up your
sleeves and gd after It,
A committee has been appointed
with Rev Wm. Haynes. pastor o
the Sylvan Street Baptist Church
as chairman, and they propose to go at
the matter in a systematic way and
raise funds to scive to Nashville again
one of her Institutions of learning big
ger and better than the old one. They
have planned to hold educational ral
lies in es many churches as possible
and give every lover of education an
opportunity to aid in this worthy
cause. The people of Nashville and
the whole country will receive these
tidings with glad hearts, and those
who have been lnstrusted with the
duty of pushing the plan as laid on
expect a hearty co-operation from the
public generally. The citizens of Nash
vllle have always taken a great dea
of pride in the educational Institution
located here, and are not willing to
sacrifice a single one of them, but In
stead hope In the near future to be
able to point to a nrogresslve Flsk Un
verslty. an enlarged Walden Uniyer-
slty, and a new and bigger Roger Wil
liams University, owned and ccc
trolled by the Negro Baptists mS. tta
Negro friends of education.
tnere
...m.v
I every
lottghly investigated,
THE GOVERNMENT
TAKEN TO TASK.
RECENT OUDEU CREATES
MUCH DISCUSSION.
Back 'Stamping, of Mail
Causes Local Publish
ers Great Worry.
MPOSSIBLE TO PLACE RESPON.
SIBILITY OF ERRORS IF THE RE.
CENT ORDER ABOLISHING BACK
STAMPING STANDSTHAT THE
NEW METHOD WILL NOT PRO
TECT THE PUBLIC AGAINST
FRAUDS IS SHOWN PRESSURE
WILL BE BROUGHT TO BEAR IN
FAVOR OF OLD SYSTEM.
Much is being said In business cir
cles amonnr the big publishing houses
of Nashv'l'e concerning back stamp-
ng. it srorrs that an article whloh
appeared In the Globe a few weeks ago
nas started an investigation as . to
whether backstamping was really a
hindrance or help to Incoming mall of
nrst-ciass nature. It Is an undisputed
fact that there Is but one war of as
certaining the delay in letters that are
received in the post office from an R. 1
P. O. and not delivered within the lim
it of time. The post office In dlsnatrh-
ng Its large amount of outgolnsr mall
makes up special ties of letters when
the quantity Is sufficient to Justify it.
in case a letter for Memphis Is put
In the packare tied out for Knoxvllle.
from the Nashville post office, it would
possibly lose from 24 to 48 hours If
the trains were running on schedule
time. This could only be detected by
the distributing clerk at the Knoxvllle
post office. The error should be re
ported on the facing slip, which should
accompany this tie of letters, and
would serve as a check on the mail
ing clerk in the Nashville post office.
Tf the distributing clerks In the Knox
vllle post office were using the back
stamning machine, and would destroy
or misplace this facing slip.- the only
recourse ror reporting the error, If re
ported at all. would be to report it un
der the pouch label, which of course
would not hold good against the rail
road postal clerk, who could ask for
credit as the error was not reported
on the facincr slip. The letter would
then be marked "MIssent" by Knox
vllle and dispatched by the first mMl
out. to Nashville. These anperr to bp
he two points at issue. The trend of
'be argument put forth bv the FiT,t
Assistant Postmaster General in his
report for the fiscal enr ending .Tune
w, In which he takes up at length
and discusses backstamnlnsr. seems to
be In favor of facing sllns o back-
"tnmning. It is argued that the only
feasible way to discuss the matter on
Us merits is to draw an illustration
showing the absolute need of back-,
"tamping as a help to all, and a pro
tection to the sender as well a3 the
addressee.
B Is In Memphis, Tennessee; A Is
n Nashville, Tenn. B has promised
to have a check here to take un a note
at the One-Cent Savinrs Bank which
Is due on Saturday, Februarv 2. The
note Is subject to protest. B malls a
letter in Memnhls at 10 a. m.. Febru
ary 11007. Tt is so postmarked and Is
-Msnatched by the first. Nashville mall.
The maiHne: clerk In the MempMs of
fice acrldently puts this, letter In the
Knoxvllle box. It Is tied out for Knox
vllle. and Is so disnathert. The dis
tributing clerk in the Knoxvllle office
"ftp this letter and renorts the error
on the facing slip from the MeuipMs
post officp. The letter Is then d'
natched to Nashville but doec nt
reach here until the night of the ?nd of
February. In the meantime A his
protested the rote at the Bank. Not
withstanding B is under the Impres
sion that his letter Is received on time,
he amies that It was mailed on time
and should havo been delivered, A
says t was not received. With the
backstampfnr. the local office could
sow the letter was not received un
til the night of February 2. while If
he backstamping is dispensed with
md only the ficlng slip Is used, the
ooal office and carriers fnvP wnnH
j ne, responsible for the delav. Let-
tern that are mlssent by post officer
and R. P. O.'a pro -riot always mar' -l
"MIssent" by the clerk detecting tha
I "Wr. They riraply, as a rule, checS
ui i ui.ua wl'io injuytci cy
p
i
i,
Tus-Tn-'l

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