The Nashville Globe.
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nue, North, Nashville, Tens.,
TH8 GLOBE PUBLISHING CO.
J. 0. BATTLE .......... Editor
Entered at Mcond-claat matter January 19,
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cation, but as an evidence ot good taun.
TWO NOTABLE ADDRESSES.
Dr. Booker T. Washington, than
whom there is no better known Ne
gro in the United States, delivered
two notable addresses in this city last
Friday. In the first, before the stu
dents of Vanderbilt University and
some of the . white ministers of the
city, he spoke , of how the white man
can help the Negro. In the second.
before the graduating classes of the
Meharry Colleges, he addressed him
self to the problems that confront the
In the speech before the whites, Mr
Washington told some plain truths
which may be epitomized in the clos
ing paragraph of his address:
"Let each' individual as often as nos
sible put his hand upon his heart, and
with an earnest prayer, ask his Maker
. howe if he were placed in the position
of the Negro, he would like to be treat
ed, and, when that question has been
prayerfully and conscientiously an
swered, in a large degree our problem
will nave been solved.
In his address before the colored
people at the Ryman Auditorium, Dr,
Washington dwelt with much empha
sis upon the problems that confront
us as a race. As In previous ad
dresses, he Insisted that the greatest
problem before us i3 one of construc
tion. And !n this connection he paid
a high , compliment to a citizen of
Nashville, who ' without arguing the
abstract theory as whether or not the
Negro could establish and conduct a
publishing house, had gone ahead and
built one which 6tand as a monument
of the inherent possibilities of the
The race press, th magnetic Dr.
Washington says, is all wrong. It de
votes more space to the publishing of
an account of the refusal of a ham
sandwich to a man than it does to the
establishment of a tank. Evidently
the good Doctor reads only a few of
the race Journals, or else he would not
make the statement Perhaps his is
one of thoso "families which refuse to
let colored newspapers come into the
house because they give to the chil
dren the idea that oun is a sick race."
Dr. Washington, however, is undoubt
edly right when . he says that the
greatest problem before the race at the
present is one of construction.
; A POLITICAL TRICK.
It has been a source of regrets to
those who have at heart the best in
terests of the Negro that in elections,
upon moral questions like that of the
abolition ot the saloons, a majority of
our race is usually lined up on the
side of the whiskey clement. In the
election of Knoxville the only wards
to Sv9 ft majority for the retention of
the satoons were thoso ia which the
Negroes predominate. In Clarksville
though, where the vote of the city is
almost equally divide! between the
white and black, we thought we had
seen a ray of hope, for it was due to
the votes of the blacks that the anti-
saloon element won.
This vote of the colored citizens 0
Clarksville was gratifying to those of
the race who are acquainted with the
baleful effects of whiskey upon the
workingmen. ; But It now appears
from the antics of the representative
of Montgomery County in the lower
house of the legislature, Speaker Cun
ningham, of Clarksville, that the col
ored citizen was handed a lemon when
he voted to abolish the charter of the
As we have stated above, the popu
lation of Clarksville is almost evenly
divided between the two races, but the
very best relations exist. . One of the
wards has constantly returned a man
of our race to the city council. This
seemed to satisfy both races. So it
appears that when the campaign for
the abolition of the charter of the city
was on, and Speaker Cunningham had
refused to be bound by any election in
which all the qualified voters were not
given a chance to register their opin
10ns, me ariu-saioon forces, to secure
the Negro vote, promised that in the
event they were successful at the polls,
the Negroes need have no fear that
any chango would be made in the city
charter that would prevent them from
being represented in the city govern
ment. But now that the Negro vote
has made It possible for Clarksville
to have a new charter in accordance
with the provisions of the Pendleton
Bill, Speaker Cunningham has asked
that the charter be so amended as to
have the councilmen elected from the
city at large The avowed purpose of
his amendment is to prevent the elec
tion of a colored man as alderman
Speaker Cunningham, as has been
pointed out by the element of Clarks
ville of which the Mayor and the lead
ing paper of the city are representa
tives has shown bad faith in dealing
with the question. At the outset he
demanded a vote on the saloon ques
tion by all the legal voters of the
place, apparently with the hope that
the Negro vote would defeat the de
mand for the . expulsion of the sa
loon, but now, it seems, having failed
in his desires, he wishes to drag in the
race question and cut off the repre
sentation in the city council of Clarks
ville, to which the Negroes are justly
It is the action of such men as Mr.
Cunningham that forces the Negro to
align himself with elements which in
no way tend toward the betterment of
his race. A majority of the race, we
believe, is opposed to the open and un
restricted saloon for these "hullaba
loos" or "dives" usually located in sec
tions of the city occupied exclusively
by colored people and run by white
men are a standing menace to the mor
als of the youth of our race. But
whenever an effort is made to rid a
place of these "Joints." there imme
diately appears a Jack-out-the-box to
raise the isnue of white supremacy and
rob the Negro of what little political
power he has
We congratulate the Anti-Saloon
.eague of Clarksville, on the fight it
Is making to see that justice is done
the colored citizens of the place. If
they are victorious, the fight they
have made will do much to establish
the confidence of the Negroes of the
state In the element of the white
South, which is working for higher
The Governor of FJorida in his mes
sage to the legislature, 'noting the
strained relations between thie races,
recommends that a resolution be
passed memorializing Congress to pur
chase territory either domestic or
foreign, and segregate all the Negroes
of the country there. and force, tlhem to
stay. There is nothing nniaue in the
Governor's proposition. It belongs to
the same family a
urner's plan to have all the Negroes
n America go to Afriqa and if our
memory is not at fault, :joha .Temple
jmr. oawuw. ..,..
o raves th? classical monomaniac of
Atlanta, Ga., has advocated the same
proposition for several years.
It seems that the less some of the
Governors of the South know of the
true inwardness of what they call the
Negro Problem, the more ready they
are to advance fantastic theories for
its solution. Even if Gov. Broward's
plans were feasible, the white busi
ness man and farmer of the South
would offer such strong objections to
its adoption that not a demagogue who
had a desire to hold his seat in Con
gress would dare favor it. The South
needs the Negro's labor too much for
a sensible man to talk of getting rid
of them. The Governor in the absence
of anything else to say on the "prob
lem" is talking buncombe:
We are in receipt cf a copy of the
report of the second annual convention
of the Mississippi Negro Business
League, which was held at Jackson,
Miss., Juno 13th and 1 Jth of last year.
The report which was compiled by W.
A. Scott, A. B., Ph. D., of Edwards,
Miss., shows in the addresses of the
several - persons who addressed the
convention, and especially Chas
Banks, the President, that optimistic
spirit which has done so much to ad
vance the state in business in the past
We wish some one would tell us
what Secretary Cortelyou did with the
petition to have the Negro draughts
man removed from the department to
which he had been assigned. Judging
from the Secretary's irocord, we ex
pected to near him say that if the
clerk's did not like the new acquisi
tion they were not compelled to stay.
Roosevelt undoubtedly wishes there
was such ar- offense as lese majeste in
this country. If there were our stren-
uous President would have Ilarriman
confined "at once and without honor."
Teddy would also be relieved from
such a frequent use of the word liar.
We are in receipt of a statement
from Prof. W. E. B. DuBois in which
he says that the report that ho is pre
paring an exhibit- for the Jamestown
Exposition is intrue.
We wish to call our patrons' atten
tion that all communications should
have the true name of the sender, not
necessarily for publication, but for our
The present legislature seems to be
better in some respects than the sev
eral that have preceded it. They have
been too b isy squabbling to discuss
us. However, the Senate in a com
mittee composed of 'he whole added
$G,000 for scholarships for colored
A. B. Parker, the "safe insane" can
didate for the presidency, bobs up
semi-occasionally to say: "I told you
We sympathize with the "Afro-
American" newspapers of Chicago on
account of Mayor Dunne.
A TRIBUTE OF RESPECT TO
The dectrine of optimism is the
doctrine of hopefulness, and this was
never rcore forcibly preuched to the
nice than was done by one of its most
powerful leaders, Booker T. Washing
ton, before one of the most apprecia
tive and representative audiences in
an address to the graduating classes
of Medicine. Denis! rv and Ph;i
of -Meharry Medical College at Ryman
Auditorium. Friday evenimr. Mnvrh
Mr. Washington, the anostle nf in.
dustriai education, was never more
happy in the presentation of a strong
ana practical speech, replete wit
Mint sterling good sense for which
Is universally noted. He indeed
not only a hopeful man, but a man o
action, push and executive ability,
is not truer of anv other thnn
Washington that he is worthv tn len
worthy to point the rising young men
and women to the possibilities of the
As one sits and listens at this truly
great man tired by his theme, talking
straight at his hearers the greatest
possible good sense, one cannot but
be inspired by his words of wisdom,
one cannot but go forth again Into
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the world more hopeful of the future
and more determined to take up the
battle of life with fresher courage.
He counsels every member of the
race to heln solve the Drobleni of the
race; this, Mr. Washington empha
sizes, may be done by each working
out his own individual success, moral
ly, intellectually, financially and relig
Mr. Washington's address to the
Largest class of colored medicos that
has ever gone forth into the world
at one time from any Medioal institu
tion of this or any other country, was
a masterly effort fraught with the
most wholesome advice. He meas
ured up to his ireoutation as a sound
adviser and covered himself with un
dying glory by his earnest, eloquent
plea for the Negro to meet all condi
tions, however trying, with a strong
ana manly courage. He tried to im
press the fact that complaining of op
pression or usumed richts or anv nf
the opposing forces to the race would
ettcct nothing and had nothing in
common with its betterment. He
made the point that if we became a
constructive people, a nroductive neo
pie that all the other thincrs would nd-
just tnemseives in time.
Mr. Washington is a forceful and
lorcibie speaker who is justly classed
as an orator and an orator who will
rank with the best that this country
can now boast of. There is that air
of earnestness and seriousness about
the man, when swept on by the work
ings of his own well-balanced mind
as he unbosoms himself of some great
truth for the edification of his people,
that leaves no doubt of his sine.pritv.
And the people give evidence of their
raitn in nis sincerity in no uncertain
or half-hearted way. When he holds
up a truth in his clear, strong and
characteristic way. thev annland the
e;fort to the echo.
No greater compliment! can be nnid
an orator than that close, silent and
respectful attention which admits of
his every word being heard. Such was
the tribute paid Mr. Washinpnn in
his address to the Medical class of
Meharry and before one nf th mnt
cultured, refined and nnnrpetntlvo on.
diences at Ryman Auditorium last
Negroes, is doinc much fnr the,
in preaching the gospel of hope, cour-
aiiu worn wnicn in the coming years,
win enevuaDiy result in concrete rac
stract, individual achievement as now
There are those whn
with Mr. Washington along some
nnes, dui mat he has and is accom
plishing much for his people cannot
The people have a dlltv tn nerfnrm
and that is to hold up the hands of
the leaders and strengthen them by
words of cheer, letti
that their efforts are 'receiving hearty
A NEGRO BOY WINS.
For the first time in the
Amherst College, a colored youth
wins the most coveted prize. Arthur
Curtis, son of Dr. A. M. Curtis, former
Muneon-in-cnier or Freed man's Hos
pital, and one of the leading surgeons
;if the race, won the Amherst n
for the best individual debate at the
innu.il contest. What makes thohnn.
ors higher still, Arthur Curtis is a
junior classman and is the first jun
ior to ever win the cup. We mnp-rat-
nlate the young man and his parents
-md the entire race upon this double
victory at a time when so much is
'"aid about the Necro's ahilitv t
on his merits. Here in one of the
leaning colleges of the nation where
me wnites are a hundred to one, the
N'ogro wins the best prize under the
decision of white men. This same
rule is true at Harvard, Yale, and the
other leading institutions of learning
that admit our race. All we ask for
Is a fair chance, an open field and a
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