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"All things come to them that wait, providing they hustle while thej waif '-Claries W. Anderson, "Get ont of our sunshine."- H. Boyi.
NASHVILLE. TENN.. FRIDAY. JULY 12. 1907.
IN NINTH ANNUAL CONCLAVE
The Mayor Delivered an Address of
Welcome and Extended the Free
dom of the City.
PROMINENT MEMBERS OF THE
KNIGHTHOOD FROM ALL OVER
THE STATE AND LADIES ACTIVE
IN CALANTHIAN AFFAIRS ARE
IN ATTENDANCE AND GUESTS
OF THE MOUNTAIN CITY
THERE ARE MANY IMPORTANT
MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED
AND ACTED UPON FOR THE
GOOD OF THE ORDER.
Knoxville, Tenn., July 9. The larg
est delegation In the history of the
Grand Lodge, Knights of Pythias, 13
assembled to participate in the ninth
annual session of the Order as a
grand lodge under the jurisdiction of
Tennessee. Fully two hundred men and
seventy-five women, representing the
best thought of the race, are here to
work for the principles represented by
the mystic F. C. and B. The person
nel of the delegation is of such a high
order that the whole body has received
words of praise upon all sides.
Ere the hour of meeting, ten o'clock,
the Castle Hall of Roosevelt Lodge
was packed to almost the suffocation
point and when Dr. J. P. Crawford.of
Nashville, Grand Chancellor, -called
the meeting to order for the usual
opening services, it was hard to ob
tain and maintain order. Following
the opening ceremonies a Committee
upon Credentials and another upon
securing a larger hall were appointed.
While waiting for the report of com
mittees the Grand Chancellor called
upon several, new members of the
Grand Lodge for an expression of
opinion. Several orators from , differ
ent parts of the states, most of whom
were preachers, responded, but the one
to make the greatest impression, the
one to make the men forget that they
were jammed In a hot hall, was Rev.
Sutton R Griggs, Nashville's polished
preacher and renowned author. Dr.
Griggs called upon simply for an ex
pression of a few words of greeting.
jj held the audience spellbound for fif-
I If teen minutes, and when he would have
I I sat down, the whole Grand Lodge as
.,!' one man demanded that he proceed.
With renewed vigor, as it were, Dr.
Griggs, in well rounded sentences, so
rlayed upon the feelings of the Grand
Lodsre that an ovation never before
witnessed in the history of Tennessee
fPythianism was accorded him. Griggs
was the hero of the occasion. The
1 rest of the morning session was de-
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jv -Between the morning session and
. the services welcoming the delegates
to the city, a brisk shower fell delay
ing the parade. About three o'clock
the lodges assembled at the Castle
TTall aid marched, preceded by a batal
lion of the Uniform Rank, under the
direction of Capt. R. E. Gee and the
' Grand Lodce officers, through the
,,reets of Knoxville to ML Zion Bap
tist Church, where the local committee
had nremred to welcome the visitors
to the city.
At Mount Zion Baptist .Church, one
of the prettiest church edifices in the
city, the ceremonies welcoming the
Grand Lodge to Knoxville were held
at 3 o'clock. W. T.. Mosbv. master of
ceremonies, in a short address, called
the meeting to order, after which Rev
A. J. Gorham offered invocation, which
was followed by an excellent selection
by the choir of Mount Zion Church
and other numbers on the program.
Hon. S. G. TIelskell, mavor of the
city, delivered an address of welcome.
Mayor TIelskell. unlike most Southern
mayors, left beaten path usually fol-
lowed on occasions like tnis, art-
dressed the vast assemblage, explain
ing how he has worked to make it
possible for every citizen, no matter
what his color, to secure an education
so as to fit him for a better citizen.
Mr. Heiskell. whose labors have been
so consistent in behalf of right, whose
friendship has been so continuous for
the Negroes of Knoxville that the
city has dedicated a school building
which bears his name, had the undi
vided attention of all present and
brought forth unbounded applause.
His speech was a model In every re
spect. Dr. A. M. Townsend, who, next to
Dr. Sutton E. Griggs, is the most bril
liant speaker in the Grand Lodge, re
sponded to the welcome address, and
upheld his reputation as an orator of
the highest degree. His well turned
phrases, the skillful construction of
his figure of speech, met the apprecia
tion of all present.
Other eloquent addresses of wel
come following excellent renditions of
the choir closed the Interesting ses
sion. The nght session was devoted to the
conferring of the Heraldic Degree
upon a large number of candidates at
the Castle HalL The Grand Chancel
lor also appointed the various committees.
RACE RIOT IN NEW YORK CITY.
A race riot took place July 4th in
New York City, in the section known
as "Little Africa." Fully' 200 Ne
groes and 300 white men, women and
children, were engaged In the battle.
A policeman was badly cut by the Ne
groes, who used knives and razors,
and his condition Is critical. His
clothing was cut in ribbons. Many
Negroes were badly beaten by police
men and white rioters and were car
ried to nearby houses by their com
rades. A riot alarm called-a number of po
lice to the scene, who used the lr
clubs freely and quickly put an end
to the fight.
During the time of the riot It Is
said that the Negro women and chil
dren hurled dynamite crackers, bricks
and various missiles on the heads of
the rioters from roofs and upper
stories of the houses.
A white man identified a Negro as
one of the wounded policeman's as
sailants, and the Negro was subse
quently arrested. Saturday the white
man who Identified the Negro was rec
ognized by a Negro and pointed out
to some Negroes, who set on him and
beat him and cut him severely. An
ambulance carried the wounded man
to the hospital. The Negroes fled.
A colored woman who poured a
bucket of water from her window on
a crowd of youngsters who were yell
ing at the top of their voices, was the
cause of the affray.
REFORMATORY AND INDUSTRIAL
The prospects for the colored re
formatory and training school for the
neglected Negro boy of the state of
Tennessee, appear brighter at present
than at any time during the history of
the state. It Is known that Rev. G. B.
Taylor, the energetic pastor of the
Second Baptist Church, Is giving
much of his time to build up such a
school. In fact, one Is practically in
operation on a small scale. He has
been putting forth strenuous efforts
to enlarge the school to such an ex
tent that it would carry out the origi
nal idea and Intentions. This cannot
be done unless some philanthropic aid
can be secured. Mr. Taylor has suc
ceeded so far In Interesting one of the
most prominent factors before the
public in Industrial education, in the
person of Prof. Booker T. "Washington,
who spent last Friday in the city, and
who in company with Mr. J. C. Napier
called with Rev. Taylor at the old
Green homestead on the White's Creek
pike, a plot of about 214 acres, which
Rev. Taylor hopes to secure for his re
formatory and Industrial school. "The
property is now owned by Dr. R. F.
Boyd. About one-third of it Is under
cultivation, while the remaining two
thirds are heavily timbered and adapt
ed especially to grazing and dairy pur
poses. After the inspection of the site, the
entire party was driven to Mr. Na
pier's country home, six miles out on
the Nolensville pike, where Mrs. J. C.
Napier served an excellent and
dainty three-course menu. This must
have made Mr. Washington's mind
run back to the early days in Virgin
ia, as this country home is built out
of the real old-fashioned logs, but Is
handsomely and appropriately fur
nished. Those present at the dinner
were Prof. B. T. Washington, Rev. G.
B. Taylor, Mr. r.nd Mrs. J. C. Napier,
Mr. and Mrs. C. N. Langston and Mrs.
CONVICTS GO ON A STRIKE.
One of the latest reports about
strikes comes from Nebraska and
tells of the convicts In the State
Prison refusing to work because they
were given sour hash for breakfast.
The men reached an agreement early,
after the breakfast hour, and went to
the shops but refused to work. They
were Immediately ordered to their
cells and locked in. After an investi
gation by the prison authorities their
contention was sustained.
IMPORTANT AND FAR REACH
Rendered in the Case of Miss Geor
gie Edwards vs N., C. & St. L.
Railroad, July 8.
MISS EDWARDS, A FIRST-CLASS
PASSENGER, BEING DISCRIMI
NATED AGAINST AND DENIED
EQUAL FACILITIES GIVEN OTH
ER FIRST-CLASS PASSENGERS,
LODGED CHARGES WITH INTER
STATE COMMERCE COMMIS
SION, WHICH SUSTAINED HER
An important and far-reaching opin
ion was handed down by the Inter
state Commerce Commission Monday,
July 8, in the case of Miss Georgia
Edwards against the Nashville. Chat
tanooga and St. Louis Railroad.
Miss Edwards, the complainant, pur
chased a first-class ticket from Chat
tanooga, Tenn., to Dalton, Ga., but be
ing denied the accommodations fur
nished In another part of the train to
whites, she went thither, knowing she
should receive the same or similar
treatment there or in like apartments.
But her contention that as a first-class
passenger she was entitled to all the
conveniencies and comforts of any oth
er class of first-class passengers, was
dis-allowed by the agents of the said
defendant Railroad Company, and she
was carried by force back to the un
inviting compartment set aside for col
ored passengers, although she had
paid as much for transportation as
any one of the white passengers. She
bad paid for benefits she did not re
ceive, and she let that fact be known.
Brute force was used to force her to
accept conditions too humiliating. She
was . reminded by physical tyranny
that her color doomed her to a lot she
must endure, despite her protest. She
was given to understand that the first
class ticket she had purchased, which
was a hona ftde contract with the N. C.
& St. L. Railroad for first-class trans
portation, meant anything or nothing
to her any kind or no kind of treat
ment; in fact, her ticket was a subter
fuge and a trick a contract with a
bold-faced lie written on Its face in so
far as she was concerned.
But she was a womanly woman who
resolved not to stand for such treat
ment. She did not nurse her griev
ance Wi silence, but carried It to the
tribunal of last resort having Jurisdic
tion of such matters. She wanted to
ascertain whether a powerful railroad
corporation had any more right to pro
cure her money under false- pretenses
than an individual, be he low or high,
fake or bunco-man. She protested
that It was anything but human to
put her into the smaller of two com
partments of the same coach with
white men using the other as a dram
shop and a smoking rendezvous.
It is a universally known fact
throughout the South that the white
men who frequent the smoker end of
the . car, the other end of which
U set aside for first-class Negro
passengers, have a fiendish pen
chant for using the private room
in the Negro's part. They delib
erately leave their part and take pos
session of the Negro's, preferring It, it
seems. This small compartment,
which comprises the Negro's smoker,
(hair car, dining-car, observation car
and sleeper, is usurped by that class
of whites that squawks the loudest
about the intermingling of the races,
yet is always found courting the so
ciety of Negroes.
Miss Edwards had no earthly objec
tion to being separated from the "oth
er woman," if the accommodations ac
corded her and the "other woman"
had been the same in every respect.
But as she had no wash-bowl nor any
of the other conveniences which were
furnished for white passengers to re
gale themselves, she. heins: a flrst-rlnss
t passenger, availed herself of the oc-
conimodations furnished such passen
gers. The doing of this subjected her
to the indignities of the agents of the
railroad company, and she carried hpr
complaint to the Interstate Commerce
Commission to know why she, an
American citizen, was denied the bene
fits accorded other American citizens
by a common carrier. She averred
that she had been; dispriminntpd
against by the N. C. &
St. L. R. It. Co.
on the account of he
color, which is
contrary to the law, and the Commis
sion sustained her contention and
handed down its decision through
Commissioner Lane as follows:
"The expense of the small smoking
compartment in the latter (the car for
whites) accounts for nearly all the dif
ference in cost between the two cars."
Commissioner Lane holding that
the right exists under the 13th and
14th- amendments of the Constitution
to separate colored and white passen
gers as declared by the Supreme Court,
"Accepting these decisions as conclu
sive upon the constitutionality of such
laws, we turn to the consideration of
the reasonableness of such a rule when
imposed by the carrier, and this we
find to have been passed upon by this
Commission within a few months of
its organization in the case of Council
vs. Western & Atlantic R. R. Co.,
which was decided December 3, 1887,
and which held this separation may be
carried out on railroad trains with no
disadvantage to either race and with
increased comfort to both.
"Again in Heard vs. Georgia R. R.
Co., decided February 15, 1888, the
Commission held that the separation
of white and colored passengers pay
ing the same fare is not unlawful if
cars and accommodations equal In all
respects are furnished to both and the
same care and protection of passen
gers is observed.
"While, therefore, the reasonable
ness of such regulation as to interstate
passenger traffic is established, it by
no means follows that carriers may
discriminate between white and col
ored passengers in the accommoda
tions which they furnish to each. The
principle that must govern is that the
carriers must serve equally well all
passengers whether white or colored,
paying the same fare. Failure to do
this is discrimination and subjects
the passengers to undue and unreason
able prejudice and disadvantage."
This decision of the Commission has
met with general comment over the
whole country, especially is this true
of the South. It is far-reaching and
significant. The Negro does not seek
to be in social contact with the Cauca
sian, to the contrary he does not want
to be. All he wants is his constitu
tional rights as any other man or
woman. Only this. He Is not going
to be unduly elated over the decision,
for it is but a proper expression of the
law affecting and maintaining his
rights as a citizen.
The Negro must respectfully but
firmly insist upon fair treatment by
the railroads. While there will be
strenuous efforts to frustrate the de
cision, yet the Negro must be ever
alert, watching his own interest.
"Eternal vigilance," one has said, "Is
the price of liberty." This Is true.
Therefore, the Negro must and will
contend for his rights; as it Is in
cumbent upon him to do so, if he
would preserve any to himself and
family, and to posterity.
WEDNESDAY EVENING PIT CLUB.
The Wednesday Evening Pit Club
was most charmingly entertained on
Wednesday evening. July 3, by Mr.
and Mrs. Chas. Thome. The evening
was pleasantly spent in games, dur
ing the intervals of which punch was
served. At eleven o'clock a delicious
menu, which is given below was
served. The table was beautifully ar
ranged, having as Its centrepiece a
Mexican square on which stood a jar
diniere of ferns, and at each end were
receptacles filled with chocolate bon
Salmon Salad '.Lettuce.
Tomatoes Mayonnaise Dressing.
Potato Chips. Imported Pickles.
Prince Albert Biscuits.
Ice Tea. Lemon.
Vanilla Ice Cream. Cake.
Those present were Mr. and Mrs.
William Austin, Mr. and Mrs. Phineas
Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Will Young, Mr.
and Mrs. Robt. Eason. and the family
pets, "Rastus" and "Bulger."
At the examination 'held for city
school teachers in Fogg High School
Tuesday, July 9, there were 45 appli
cants, 3G fempjes and 9 males. Those
who make a certain grade are V.aced
on the eligible list and should there
be any vacancies in the corps of
teachers they will be filled from this
FUNERAL OF MRS. MARY HUGHES.
The funeral services of Mrs. Mary
B. Hughes, who died recently, were
held at the home of her brother, Mr.
James Burrus, 1902 Albion street,
Tuesday, July 9, and were largely at
tended. She was in the 5Sth year of
her age and was a niece of the late
Rev. Alexander Buchanon.
LIKE A LEECH
TO THE NEGRO
SLOWLY BUT SURELY HE IS BE
Mr Jas. G. Trimble Resigns as Engi
neer of the Woodland Street
TWENTY-THREE YEARS HE HAS
SERVED THE CITY FAITHFULLY
WILL RETIRE TO PRIVATE
LIFE ONE OF THE COLORED
MEN FROM CHEMICAL COM
PANY NO. 1 TO BE TRANS
FERRED TO NO. 4 WHITE MAN
APPOINTED TO TAKE HIS
The city administration of Nash
ville Is dealing out to forty or fifty
thousand Negroes a lemon that is so
small now that It is not visible, but
will in the end loom up like a moun
tain. A few years ago there were in
this town two complete fire companies
composed of colored men, namely,
Steamer No. 4, on Woodland street,
end Chemical No. 1, College street.
At the chemical company there arose
a little dissension at one time, which
was the chance that had long been
sought. One of the colored men was
rt moved an.' a white n an appoint? 1
in his stead and made captain to keep
order. This blind worked nicely, and
every ime a vacancy has occurred
since then In this company a white
man has been appointed to assist In
keeping order, until now there are
three white men to keep one Negro
The resignation of Mr. Trimble only
hastens the end of the beginning.
Speaking of Mr. Trimble's resignation,
one of the daily papers says:
"After twenty-three years In the
service of the Nashville Fire Depart
ment, James G. Trimble, has resigned
his position as a member of the de
partment and engineer of Engine Com
pany No. 4, strtloned on Woodland
street. The reason given for the res
ignation, which becomes effective
Thursday, is that Trimble has been
suffering more or less from rheuma
tism. The Board of Public Works pro
moted Ross P. Moore, who Is also a
member of the same company, and
who has been In the service eighteen
rears, to the position formerly occu
rred by Trimble. The resignation of
Trimble causes a vacancy In the de
partment and Substitute George Will
iams was appointed a member of the
lre department, receiving the votes of
Messrs. Stainback and Alexander, Mr.
Handly voting for Substitute George
"The vacancy In the Woodland
street company will be supplied by
transferrin? one of the two colored
members of Chemical No. 1. This
will leave onlv one Negro fireman In
any of the other companies of the de
partment." To the close observer It can be seen
nt a glance that the Negro is being
served to the "leech" treatment.
Slowly but surely he Is being elim
inated. TTis nbillty as a fire-fighter
Is too well known to need a comment,
but nevertheless the death-dealing
nrocess continues to go on and on.
The Negroes' taxes are Increasing
daily; this is not considered, either.
Apparently, there Is only one object
bent upon, and that Is to freeze out
the Neirro, regardless of whether it is
just or unjust.
CHARGED WITH STEALING A DOG.
Samuel Lillard, who works In the
nhnsphate mines at Mount Pleasant,
was bound over In Judge Baker's
Court Monday, the charge being lar
ceny of a dog, preferred by Mrs. Jo
sie Young. It Is said that the animal
was intelligent and of considerable
value. Lillnrd put up a stiff argument
in his own defense, but to no avail, as
can be seen by the action of Judge
Baker at the trial.
The Nashville delegates to the State
Convention will leave the Union Sta
tion at 9:30 a. m., Tuesday, July 23,
1907. Hope nil will follow suit. Min
isters' Conference, Rev. C. H. Clark,
President: v. J. C. Fields, Secre-