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THE NASHVILLE GLOBE, FRIDAY. .DECEMBER 27. 1907.
NEGRO WORKERS IN NEW YORK.
By Mary White Ovington.
(Newark. N. J.. Now)
"We want to know about the Negro
in New York; wh it kinil of work does
ho engage in, ami how much does ho
suffer from discrimination?"
This is a question frequently asked
mo, and my interlocutors start, I be
lieve, with erroneous preconceptions
on the subject. I find it difficult to give
a complete answer. I can only, make
a be'.: inning.
More than half of the hundred thou
sand Negroes in Creator New York
come to us from the Southern States.
'Among the I'urn, large numbers art
popularly represented as highly skilled
worker? who on their arrival are ruth
V 'Slv pi evented by the labor unions
f:mi nrnrt icing their trades. It is
said that they are forbidden to enter
upon work for which they are well
fhtcl, rnd drop into the ranks of un
New, this is not the case. The num
ber of skilled colored laborers coming
to New York from the Southern
Fta.'cs is few. Probably in proportion
to their numbers we rrct more skilled
pen from the West Indies, but from
bci'h places the total is inconsiderable.
The miens do not refuse hundreds of
cobbed carpenters, masons, engi
ners; thev could not afford to d so.
Of the f( w who apply to them, a part
;re adnPted into tho organization.
In lHOfi the New. York Central Federal
Union had in its membership 135 col
ored rmvsoiiir- and carpenters, and in
V'e. less skiPul trades S70 colored rock
lr!Per. tcirstcis and asphalt work
ers. The lecent iietion of the Joint
DVtvicl. Ceunc il of Carpenters in ex
tending t.o nil capable colored carpen
ters an invitation to join the Icval in
their own districts shows that there is
no wholesale d'scrimiinUon. A tdngle
Negro may often meet with refusal,
but let the colored men of a trade get
together and show their strength, as
did the ci'lored carpenteis (backed in
this case by the Society for iniorovin
the Industrial Condition of the Ne
gro), and they are likely (o win their
way with organized labor, unless they
are unable successfully to practice
lliur trades in the unfamiliar eondi
Hons of a Northern city.
1 ho majoiityot the colored men
who mme to us from the, South seem
to lack initiative; they d oo iito the
work of running; clevato's and ooen
ing doors, while th'ir Italian neighlo
bun i s in the ea ly morning to (It
market and returns to ooen hi-! frui
. st'nd. s""res--fnlly catering to th'
wants of tho A-nvi'-an. vlns? Ion
ging he ran only imno'f"' tlv s'nk
. Bet th -school in which . IV I. In
man was tmncu was mat oi ''iivn-
und as the hP-toMan. U. P. PI il.ps. In
tKi us, me work ot tne slave was von
I'rlikr thp f "onti"' mon and th? sel
sun nag n",','",1 vn"se lives a-,e a su-
e ss'on oi "iiangrs vein one o"nra
t;?n to en'dhe-, slavs wee ke"t to th
s-iTTe n-1 DM'' tlT1 sM"'rs-; or I Vu
industry d carded i"-o:i the regnla- it
and the repetition in their work. "By
ar the greater part of the available
ibor supply of a plantation was used
or the i online work in the fields un-
r the master, the overseer and the
oreman. Nor has the condition
A. majority of the Negroes of the
outh still plant their cotton and corn
e,l j'" t to their landlord's supervision
to Hunt ol liis overseer, i uey mai'K-
their cotton as their landlord wish
buy at his store and are kept in
his debt. The Italian at Ins fruit stand
leads a more independent existence
ban this. In Italy he raised his crops
and took them to the village market,
the work is dangerous to health and
where he learned to do the trading
he successfully m notices again in his
lew home. There are the independent
"olo'vd farmers in the South who I
might beat him in marketing their
rp(l!Ue. but these are not (he Negroes
who immigrate to New York.
A g-( at deal of severe manual labor
reformed by the New York colored
mm wlio tr;s in tne tunneis, vneie
ifo; a"ts a- longshoreman, or as nor-
er in the store or factory. There is a
orti (able h crease of men entering do
mestic service, and a turning to severe
n:t viiile tasks in factory ai shop,
n tlKse latter positions hours re def
nite and the homo life, ma le (lossiblc
iv e iniiiT ei occupation, is a gain.
A small professional clas i.onies to
is from the South. It is made up of
nun ami women trained usually m me
ehoo's of higher education suoported
by Nothern philanthropy. Tim class
clips in New York and nerforms very
i (M!at'l' voi;. Among Ukou are
lawyers, rursicians, teachers, minis-
rs of more than usual nbilitv, who
tike a respected place in the munici
pality and who reveal the possibilities
of the race.
But. the Negro immigrants from (lie
9ou(li are only a part of (he city's ro--
llatioii. What of those who are born
and educated in New York? Where
are they working and how gi'eat are
their chances of success? Until the
age of fourteen they study with persis
tence and sometimes with enthusiasm,
and then they sec the world beginning
hem out. They start to earn their
livir:g. The public school has fitted
them for no special vocation unless it
e a commercial one, and they are de
barred from clerical positions in whole-
sile find retail establishments and in
faetO'Ps. Oris, e-peeially, find noth
ing ahead of uVm but house-work, un
'ess they are talented enough to en
tr a profession. Employers of labor,
'caving Hint they may offend a single
ustonier or employe, continually re
fuse to work colored applicants. I
'Jiow of one- young woman who 100
e.iiliners' establishments before she
ould get a position.
Prejudice, against th? Negro, how
ver, irlongs to the few, not. Ih" many.
The municipality takes applicants foi
's po-itions neon another basis than
bat ef color. H-vaminations are open
o all citizens, with the result that col
red clerks and school era' hers 'do
redit d 1" end a'ceptable work in the
New' ..Styles Cheap and Endurable.
Comfort and Beauty x Combined.
UNTIL the large number of people who are never seen in churches can be assured that every
church in this vicinity will have a set of si.ats that will be clean, comfortable and inviting,
they will not be seen inside a chinch. O Many churches will supply this long-felt want if
they could do so at prices and on terms within their reach, thus increasing their attendance, draw
ing on the unusually large number of people who do not attend the churclus, and which would evi
dently' result in every service being crowded. A barrier has been in the way in the form of high
prices, shoddy goods and no terms. This barrier has been removed by the Church Supply Depart
ment of the National baptist Publishing Hoard, which has presented the new style church seat (its
own creation and its cwn make). These seats are constituted of the best grade of hardwoocL
They are built by the host skilled mechanics ind have proven to hi the most comfortable ever of
fered at the prices. The terms on which th y can be purchased are so easy that any church, re
gardless of its financial condiii n. can secure a set of these by a small cash payment, have the seats
installed and pay the remainder in monthly or quarterly payme nts to suit their own financial con
dition. How long, with such inviting inducements .offered, will it be, before every church in and
about Nashville will get a set of seals? References can be given to the Nashville churches by re
ferring them to Revv L. Kirk pat rick, pastor of the St. John Baptist Church. Pearl St.; Rev. J. I,
Harding, p astor of the North Third Avenue Baptist Church, lv th of whom h ve seated with new
style church seats; Rev. 0. B. Taylor, pastor of the Second Baptist Church, cnnier Stevens and De
luge Sts.; Rev. Wm Hayues. pastor ( f Sylvan Street Church, Shelby Avenue, who have installed the
church pews. 'i g 1
FOR IIUTHER INFORMA
TION APP'Y TO TJIE
CHURCH SUPPLY DEPARTMENT
National Baptist Publishing' Board,
H. DOYD, Secretory.
";::i:v r.ity. The Negroes, more than
any other race, should look forward to
the time when the people of the city
own its industrial-operations; for it
is an aristocratic, ; not a dcmocialr.
sentiment that prevents them f'-oei .
p( ll'onning the services for which they
have been educated.
Radical discrimination pushes a few
Negroes up and pulls more down.
Some bos and girls, knowing that
rhey will be refused in the fa"to;y or
stoic the positions they desire, tvrn to
ibe professions' aiuf traMcs". ' s Tb'?y'1ve-'
come. skilled, and the community can
act a&iMd to lose their work. j
Colored girls who graduate f . tv. ihe
Manhattan Trade School, thnrdvs, i'i
art, to the persistence of tho una
igeis, are received in. good establish
ments. But while the ambitious sne
ered, the less courageous are discour
aged. Judge Stemons, of Philadelphit,
Ins said that "the moral and inlcllee-
t.'.al advancement of a race is gov
e'nul ly th" degree of its industrial
freedom. When that freedom is re
stricted there U unbounded tendency
to drive the race discriminated against
i"to toe ianl;s of the criminal." We
ha-' no nco'ds that show the amount
of Negro cririK New York. do
nt know v.luther in pioporl ion to the
'ovulation it i greater or less than
crime among the whites. But we do
know, if we care to watch the col
ored boys and girls as they graduate
fi Gin '' aclTool," ' that the outlook before
them is often hard, sometimes bitter.
They have not the chance the white
boys and girl- have "to count for all
llry a''e essentially worth." Denied
.-'If eMuession through work, they are
i i danger of filling into idleness, of
le coming a menace to their fellows.
r..1 i.h y eve not the only losers. The
city d- vpoys v.v:i of its genius,
ll; ov s av.ay high natural powers in
music and art and a fine social grace
that might st lengthen and enrich the
jW"v";- -.; vij'v -,'Ca2? -,:s-
(February Rules. 1907.)
RUN EST BARLEY VS. 3VIITTIE
In this cause it appearing to the
satisfaction of the Court that the de
fendant is a non-resident of the Stat
of Tennessee, therefore the ordin?rjr
process of law cannot be served up
her; it is therefore ordered that i
flpfpnrlnnt- pntrr hrr nmvmrnnpB hisr-oU V 1 i
at the next term of the Davidson
County Court, to be hoblen at th f
Court House in Nashville, Tennessee,
on the 1st Monday in February,
ing the , and defend, or
eorrphMnant's bill will be taken for
confessed as to her and set for hear
ing exparte. It is therefore ordered
that a copy of this- order be published'.
for four weeks in succession n tha
Nashvillo Globe, a newspaper nub-
I lished m Nashville.
I L. M. IIITT. CLERK.
II R. RUTHERFORD,
G. F. ANDERSON,
Solicitor for Complainant,
' o f;
1 'iZZSPAS Z.HJ.
...L' ,j : n
fOetober Rules 1907.)
KATIE C. STEELE VS. ED
In this cause it appearing to
.satisfaction of the Court that tip
femP.nt is a non-resident of the .
or ! ennessee, therefore the ordlnac
; process of law cannot bo served v?ifMj;
hi m ; it is theiefore ordered that sail.'
I defendant enter his appearance heM' i
I in at the next term of' the Davidson:
county circuit Court, ta be boble
at the Court House in N-shville,! Tei
nessee, on the 1st Monday in Feb'
it be;ng the 4th, and defen 1, orWi:
complainants hill will be taken fl
confessed as to him an 1 set for helra
ing ex parte. It is therefore order10'!
that a copy of this order bp nnhlisKtl.
four weeks in succession in ttli!-
.ilMlllll' I ; 1(11)0, a
bshed in Nashville
E. R. RUTHHRFOi'D
L. M. IIITT, Cerk.
T. (!. ICWing,
Solicitor for CompP
C :r Hudcis will ucall the an
nouncement made vi Nashville havine
the finest funeral car ever built for or
owned by any colored man in the
woild ani we pustnt to mir leaders
tho faoto v.fio date fii jnaguifieeuit
1 : l i : :
mdt r by the
!e who lc :.l
line -t .'I'vice, we lir.d l!1.;'
not c !i iree cue cent nun e for
turn, b's he;:se and that tin
". ( : e
( -n !';d
s ref c
and pers-m 1 r.licuticn
reaatenizes Th Clcbc as
nc.e ir e.Kr.io m' ii;f irr.n
' 'nntuc of rv-- -
: ;. in our c
di tin col!'';
1 gk in V'(
'1. I (-,"'' i
-n. 1 hut eve c
mu- h i
his 1 n ill i i ii t
iven b's . , Wi
llis business is
en 1 he is chTghted
1 (: 'f'eait the pcoide
lau --hi ,1 Mid sai l. "Oil,
a ft w knoedis. Why,
h nt I 'l'vle :ni 1 cenip-
V : we !
: e 'm:,1
: ai 1 Ti:
t te i w
'; i '. '. e
- Mv c ':
ch ' i
! 'el' -d ()'." ev(u filing.
:e i"oi'. When they
they lliiil cut it is not
e; wards that tlie.y have
1'i'v wanted, seen what
n.nirm cu:;iir:e 1 as aum n iefv: I
f the estate of Eu-cno mwdeiV0 t
" ' ' --.Ml.-. ,11.!. lUl'd iO P''U J I j
f''te are ice need id to scitle same:!
orre. :,n l theve h iving claims aga'l
H'.ud es'ate aie iv,:;, -,tH tl) fiIo M
1 beiVrc h ni l and marvel
: n' !s sufe'eid to cause tile rattling '"'
f drv bones bid tho people will ' )
i.rn that iMs e.n old joke that bo- lions.'
!e r'"i( e an 1 praise us
-.us ami nelite treatnn nt.
Why. Mr. Cdedie Man,
(.;!: ,1 e;nr h.appy expecta-
I 'cl within
w.in iv e d i v 'ludi,
time reciMred Pv
b"-ever barred. a
- .'...nine i i C'.u
Mrs. Y. M. lincKcr. Qt ion;) v
: nvrnun V.m-( U i . .
. .v, in, j,,-, M-a iManer la
jtiay m honor of M.r. and Mr