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n&SHVIU A CITY OF OPPORTUNITY THE LEADING NEGRO JOURNAL IN TENNESSEE.
NASHVILLE. TENR, FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 1918.
REIGNS IN NEGRO BAPTIST
RESUME OF BAPTIST SPLIT
GLOEE EEPOETER INTEEVIEWS DR. GOYD DR. JONES IN CITY
LEAVE CITY TO VISIT FLORIDA.
Dr. Boyd passing through the city
this morning, en route from Memphis
to Fiorida wag met by a Globe re
porter' and asked the following ques
tions: "Dr. Boyd, our city is ablaze this
morning with the report that the
, BaptiBts have! several human organl
Memphis and that there seems to be a
getting together. The Globe on be
half of its readers is anxious to know
the facts In the case. What were the
real results of this Memphis meet
ing?" Dr. Boyd replied: "The Baptists
divided at Chicago in Sept., 1915
and separated into two. Convention.
. One faction was led by the Rev. E. P.
Jones of Vicksburg, Miss., and the
other was led by Dr. E. C. Morris of
Helena, Ark. . I presume that the
readers know enough about the bit
terness engendered without me at
tempting to enlarge upon it."
" "Dr., what were the real issue or
"There were many and varied con
troversies among the Negro Baptists
for many years. In fact there has
. grown up two honest schools of
thought and these brought forth
many and varied controversies. Bap
tists are as you know a peculiar peo
ple and always have - been. . From
the council at Nice held in 325 A. D.
to the present time Baptists have
been a separate, distinct and pecul-
laws of the states or countries In
which they are located. Later when
co-operative work began among Bap
tist through their council, associ
ations and Conventions they formed
societies. The first that we now re
member was the British or English
Bible Society. Afterwards in Ameri
ca borne of the Eastern and Middle
States enacted laws incorporating
these societies which were known as
the American . Baptist Mlsslonaiy
Union, American Baptist Home Mis
sion Society and the merican lap-
tlst Publication Society. Away back
in the 40's theSouthern Baptists pull
ed out and organized what is known
as the Southern Baptist Convention
and they inaugurated the Board idea.
That is to say they had a Foreign
Mission Board and Home Mission
Board. Later they organized the
Sunday School Board.
surburbs and rural districts very
bitterly opposed the National char
ter idea, so much so that they were
Btyled "Little R. F. D.'s In 1916
seven brethren backed up by what
they called a commission secured a
charter and this charter was brought
to Chicago in September, 1915, to
be ratified by the Convention. What
was known as the "Little R. F. D.'s"
fearing that the leaders and office
holding class were seeking an ad
vantage to force this charter upon
them demanded that the matter be
given a hearing on the first day of
the meeting. This brought sharp
contention among the brethren,
hence, dlllatory and parliamentary
tactics were resorted to and the nrst
pote recorded 340 for the charter
idea and 410 opposed to the charter
idea. The R. F. D faction then took
the convention in hand, led by Rev.
E. P. Jones and others and the other
faction was led by Dr. Morris and
others. I need not enter into detail
but it will suffice to say that when
Dr. Morris and the office holding class
returned to the hall, they found the
R. F. D.'s already organized ana go
ing into business. This so enraged
the officials of this class that for two
days what should have been a Chris
tian meetitg was turned into panae-
CITIZENS HEAR GREAT LECTURE
FRONT LINE SUNDAY
SCHOOLS DISCUSSED IM
Boyd had been introduced he spoke
entertainingly, and received quite an
ovation. The entire management
was in the hands of Prof. Fritz Cans
ler with a committee of about twenty-five
of Knoxvllle'8 leading citi
zens, and proved quite an event for
East Tennessee, as this was the Con
gress Secretary's first visit on his
front line Sunday school work to
this city. A special delegation met
him at the station and he was royally
entertained during his stay.
THE BLACK MAN AND
None of these Boards were in
corporated except the two Mission
Boards till they began to accumulate
property. True they had schools but
these schools were always with one
exception confined to state or district
and not of National character and a
number , of them were incorporated
under Boards and in various ways.
Later the Colored Baptists began
to form National Organizations. In
1S95 the Colored National Baptist
Conventions federated into one Na
tional body known and styled as the
Knoxvllle, Tenn., March 19 One
of the most appreciative audiences
that has gathered in this city, and
one of the most notable ones, be
cause of its cosmopolitan make up,
heard Henry A. Boyd, of Nashville,
Tenn.. deliver his "Front Line Sun
day School" address here last night.
Madam Cora E. Burke, the Grand
Worthy Counsellor of the Court of
Calanthe of the Grand Lodge K. of
P. of Tennessee, was mistress of cer
emony. Among those present there
were such distinguished Knoxvillians
as Drs. H. M. Green and G. McDade,
ALL LODGES AND COURTS WILL TAKE PART PARADE FROM
TEMPLE TO SPRUCE STREET BAPTIST CHURCH.
A leading editorial in the March
,n 1h ipreeemt union movtement
as represented toy the American Fed
eration of Labor, there is very email
of Justice for an Aemrican of Negro
iPersonnally, I have come to wis
decision reluctantly and in the past
have written and spoken little of
the closed door of opportunty, enui
impudently in the faces of black
men by organized white worklngmen.
I realize that by heredity and century-long
lack of opportunity one can
not expect in the laborer that larger
Sunday March 24th., the Annual
Thanksgiving service of the Knights
of Pythias and the Courts of Calan-j
the of the city will be held at the
Spruce St., Baptist Church. The serv
ices will begin promptly at two thirty
o'clock p. m.
Every Lodge and Court in the city is
expected to take part in the service.
The lodges will meet at nw Pythian
building on the corner of Fourth
Ave., and Cedar street, at one thirty
to form the line of march to the
church. The line of march will be
hadd by the Uniform Rank under the
direction of Brig. Gen. Preston Taylor
Under the supervision of the Marshall j
The grand old man who has weath
ered the story of Baptist fights, and
who was one of the collossal figures
at the Peace Conference held at Mem
phis, Tenn. For fifty years he has
labored with the Baptists, being one
of the pioneers in the ranks of his
lar people In their church polity.
They have always held that the Bap
tist church is a local congregation
associated together and that tney
can not- delegate their authority to
any man or body of .men and that the
will of the majority of that congre
gation is the court of last resort.
. Baptists have held a love feast in
" zations. They have councils, con
ferences, associations and conven
Hons. These are human organiza
tions ('without divine sanction.
Churches may send messengers to
them but such messengers are not
delegates and can not be. They can
not speak for nor bind the church.
All of the Boards of the Convention
ars as Independent within themselves
V as the church Is. They have rights
to govern themselves, make laws and
regulate their members. All messen
gers attending these volunteer asso
ciations are bound by their integrity
to abide by these regulations so long
f. as they remain with the body and in
case iney Become aissausneu laey
' may withdraw"" 'Without affecting
their membership in the churches of
which they are members, and with
. out affecting the standing of the
church in the denomination. '
"Doctor, that-is entering into
church polity.. What the Globe de--;
sires to know is what were the issues
between the Baptists that divided!
them and how do they stand on the
Dr. Boyd said, "That is.what I have
been trying to tell you. I nthis
J peculiar church government that has
been in pogue among Negro Baptists
. there was an attempt at a kind of co
operation in doing larger church
work in districts, states, the nation
and internationally, such as building
schools, prosecuting missionary work,
both Home and Foreign, preparation
of religious literature such as pub
lishing Magazines, books,, etc., which
could not be done by any one local
church. . However there has never
been and is no where established any
rule that might be determined or
called a law and no regular law for
owning and governing these prop
1 ertles. . "
Starting with the church at Jeru-
salem,' after the Day of Petecost, the
apostles finding that the Saviour had
laid down no regular law for the
ownership of property or pecuniary
wealth inaugurated the Board idea.
The apostle Peter, when the church
at Jerusalem had come into posses
sion of large monies said to the
members "Look you out seven men of
honeBt repute full of the Holy Ghost
and wisdom who we may appoint
' over this business." From that day
till now Baptist churches have
handled their . properties through
- Boards.' - First Deacon Boards, Sec
ond Boards of Trustee's according to
National Baptist Convention of Amer
ica but no provisions were made for
the handling of property. Their mis
sionary operations were carried on by
three unincorporated Boards known
as the Foreign Mission Board, the
Home Mission Board and the Educa
tional Board. These boards con
tinued their work unincorporated till
it was seen that their growth and
accumulations of wealth called for
a greater need of handling property
and that there-was greater need for
more Boards and that these Boards
must have legal sanction or no one
would have dealings with them and
they could not handle property.
The first Board of the Colored Bap
tists to Incorporate was the National
Baptist Publishing Board. .. It was
Incorporated in 1898 under the laws
of the State of Tennessee. In 1900
the Foreign Mission Board was in
corporated under the laws of the
state of Kentucky. In 1902 the Edu
cational Board was Incorporated un
der the existing laws of the District
of Columbia. In 1910 the Baptist
Young People's Union Board was
incorporated under the law of the
State of Tenness. ' In 1911 or some
time there about the Woman's Auxil
iary Board was Incorporated . under
the laws of the District of Columbia.
These different states have different
laws for the governing and control of
welfare, property and questions were
raised among the Baptists as to the
control of these properties. Accord
ingly there arose three great ques
tions. .Denominational ownership,
Board control and Conventional con
trol. This brought on sharp Issues.
A very large intelligent and respecta
ble school of these Baptists believe in
Conventional control of the entire
denomination. -They believed in au-
thoriatlve delegateshlp and central
ized governing power lodged In the
Convention. This class of people
were of the more educated class and
continued to press their contention
of Convention control till the ques
tion was raised of incorporating the
Convention and giving it a National
charter and that this National char
ter would take precedence over the
local charter or the state charters of
the Boards, so that all missionary
propaganda, both Home and Foreign,
all Educational enterprises, both
Home and Foreign and .all publica
tion al enterprises,' together with all
properties and property rights should
be governed by this National charter
or this National incorporated enter
prise -should have, full and undis
puted control. This question began
to be agitated in 1911. It took defi
nite shape in the form of a resolution
In 1912 and was finally voted down
in 1913. The less educated and less
popular churches situated - ln . the
By Musician Boyd Radcliffe 370th Band.
Oh! mighty nation of the earth,
Known as the U. S. A.
We're going forth to fight for you
"And help you win the day.
We are giving you the best we have
Our wealth, our lives, our all
Unselfishly did we come forth
In answer to your call.
You've never had a cause to doubt
Your "colored boys in blue."
No matter what you asked of them
You've always found us true.
- A traitoF ne'er was known to hide
Within our ranks, you see;
A fact which stands out prominently
In our own history.
From Crispus Attucks down the line,
Pete Salem at Bunker Hill,
San Juan, also El Caney,
The Tenth at Carrizal.
We're going to do our very best
For this land of the free.
We're going to help you make it safe
For peace and democracy.
Now, after we've fought and struggled;
Have sacrificed and bled,
And upon some foreign battlefield
Left numbers of our dead;
After we've kept the grand old flag
From falling in the dust.
Tell me, oh, mighty nation,
of the day the lodges will follow in
order of their seniority beginning with
Damon lodge No. 2. The line of march
will be over Cedar street to Eighth
Ave., and from thence to the church.
The uniform rank and the lodges
are expected to arrive at the church
at 2:25. The courts and Juveniles will
assemble at the church to await the
coming of the lodges.
' Pr'or to the comtng of the uniform
rank and the lodges the Meharry Or
chestra will render Beveral selections.
As the procession enters the Stars and
Stripes Forever is to be rendered by
Immediately the ceremonies of the
lodges and courts will begin under the
direction of Sir J. B. aBtte for the
lodges and Mrs. Mary M. Lee for the
courts. After these ceremonies the
following program is to be carried out
conducted by L. E. Kinzer, Master of
The Government, through the
United States Food Administration,
appreciates this service on the part
of the nKights of Pythias, and the im
portance of food as a winning factor
in the war Is placed, as It were, so
that 'he who runs may read.'
UNITED STATES FOOD ADMlNlS
The pjubllc Is cordially Invited 'o
attend our Thanksgiving service.
Ushers in sufficient numbers will be
on hand to see that all are comfortab
ly seated as for a possible
Aside from the regular program the
Grand Chancellor Dr. J. P. Crawford
who has led the order faithfully ani
well fo ?. many years, will speak.
Other grand officers will make short
remarks concerning the growth and
development of their departments. Mrs.
Katie Wilson will represent the Juve
niles' at the sermon. Mrs. Wilson la
the Grand Worthy Matron of the
Court ot Culanthe.
Those who come early will nave the
opportunity of enjoying the rendition
of several selections by the Meha-ry
From all Indications the Annuul
Thanksgiving Sermon of the nKights
of Pvthlas and the Court of Calanthe
of Nashville is to be Greater and
grander than ever.
BAPTIST EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
TO MEET IN ALEXANDRIA, LA.
Alexandria, La., March 12 Dr.
Jones, the president ot the National
nantist Convention while here had a
PROGRAM. conference with the leaders ot this
city. He declared that he had never
ufnpa soon nrrnn cements that sur-
' passed thoBe In contemplation for the
coming congress, ne who 6ictj
elated. He announced that the Exe
cutive Commute of the National
Baptist Convention would meet here
during the coming session of the
Congress. This meeting Is composed
of the leading ministers in America
and will bring to Alexandria a col
lection of great minds, the greatest
I in the country. Ur. Jones leu uu
ri. ninru. onii nlrundv arranee-
IijtLiva v. mi i " -
ments have been made for the enter-
I tainment of Henry Alien uuyu, in
1. Hymn "All hail the power
Jesus name." Congregation.
2. Melody "March on and you shall
gain the victory," Male chorus.
3. Scripture lesson Minister.
4. Melody "Aint going to study
war no more," Male Chorus.
5. Paper Representing Court of
Calanthe, Dr.- Mattie Coleman.
6. Solo "Nothing between," Miss
7. Annual sermon Rev. W. S. El
8. Remember now thy Creator-
9. Remarks by the Grand lodge ofll
Among the special features of this
occasion will be the plan of decoration.
Aside from the customary decorations
with the emblematic colors of the
order and green plants, it has been
decided to use flags of the United
States together with flags of the
Allied Nations now at war In Europe.
In addition to this a Pythian Service
Flag representing members of the
order who have answered their coun
try's call for men to defend their
Secretary of the Congress who has
consented to visit Pass Christian.
New Orleans. Lake Charles, Alex
andria and Monroe. It is stated that
he may spend one day In Vicksburg.
BUSINESS LEAGUE BOOSTERS
By Albon L. Holsey.
Tuskegee Institute, Alabama.
Some weeks ago, dt was announced,
that a prize ot five (?5.O0) dollars
would be given for the best and -most
interesting letter telling of some ex
perience in dealing with Negro mer
chants. These letters are beginning
lninrte numbers Bliclmany
This Service Flagi0f them are highly instructive and
will represent nearly 400 Pythians enlightening,
from private to commissioned offi-j j wish to quote from one letter:
cers. Stars representing Nashville's .,Qn entering a store I called for a
five commissioned officers will appear quarter'9 worth of cheese. The col
p littifi lamer than the rest. Those .ht vm verv hasty In
... , , , , I 1)1 1. u in, i .......... .
What will you do for us)
from the Nashville lodges who have
received commissions are as follows.
Capt H. II. Walker, Damon No. 2.
Capt C. O. Hadley, Stonewall No. 103.
First Lieut. H. A. Cameron, Stringer
No. 6. First Lieut. J. L. Leach Damon
No. 2, and William P. Rose Sergt. of
Jurlty No. 42.
That the Uniform Rank of the order
Knights of Pythias has contributed
more well drilled men to the U. S.
Army than any similar organization is
somothing for which we are msny
Trat our order Is patriotic as well
as progressive, Is Bhown by the large
sign placed upon our building on the
corner of Fourth Ave., and Cedar St.
That the Government of these United
States appreciates this action on the
part of the Pythians of the jurisdic
tion of Tennessee is shown by the fol
lowing letter from the United States
Food Administration Department at
Washington, D. C.
Mr. A. W. Fite,
1702 Helman Street,
I beg to acknowledge, with thanks,
receipt of your letter of March 14,
1918, inclosing a photograpnic view oi
the sign which has been placed on the
building by the Colored Pythians of
Tennessee. It is just such patriotic
service as this which must put the
Knights of Pythias in the front rank
of public spirited citizens.
monlum and chaos of the most re
diculous kind. The Jones faction
though the regular convention found
themselves without suffclent author
ity to retain the hall, though they
were in the majority. They voted to
go to a church and hold their con
vention. The Morris faction had
rented the hall while in office and
they held the same by right of rental
power. From that time on till now
there has been a regular cat and
parrot wranggle. The incorporated
Boards made their own choice ot the
faction that they would be affiliated
with. The Foreign Mission Board in
(Continued on page 8.)
Jr., Col. John Singleton ot Knoxvllle
detective force, Editor W. L. Porter
of the East Tennessee News, Prof.
W. M. Brooks, Attorney J. A. Hull,
Dr. W. F. Flack, Mrs. W. F. Yardley,
Revs. E. M. Seymore, W. M. Chaney,
T. H. Burge, Prof. C. W. Cansler,
Principal of the High School. Pre
ceding as well as following the-ad-dress
there was a literary program.
Rev. J. W. Tate, D. D., offlicated in
the opening, having been called by
the mistress of ceremony to pro
nounce (he Invocation, then there was
a solo by Prof. A. B. Reed, which was
followed by three special selections
H by. Miss Emma T Chairs. After Mr.
sense of Justice and duty which we
ought to demand of the privileged
classes. I have, therefore, inveigh
ed against colpr discrimination by
employers and by the rich and well-to-do;
knowing at the same time in
eilence that it Is practically impos
sible for any colored man or woman
to become a boiler maker or ibook
binder, an electrical worker or glass
makier, a. worker in jewelry or leath
er, a machinist or metal polisher, a
paper maker or piano Mulder, a
plumber or a potter, a printer or a
pressman, a telegrapher or a rail
way trackman, an electrotyper or
stove mounter, a textile worker or
tile layer, a trunk maker, upholster,
carpenter, locomotive engineer,
switchman, stone cutter, baker,
blacksmith, boot and shoe maker or
any of a dozen other important well
pfeid. employments, without enicoun
terlne the onen determination and
unscrupulous opposition of the whole
united Labor1 movement of America.
That further than this, if he should
want to become a painter, mason.
purnpmtpr. nlasterer. brlckmaker or
fireman he would be subject to Hu
miliating discriminations by his fel
low Union worekrsushrletaosnr
low Union Workers and be deprived
of. work at every possible opportuni
ty, even in defiance of their own
Union laws. If, ibravlng this outra
geous attitude of the Unions, he suc
ceeds In some small establishment
or at some exceptional line at gain
ing employment, he must be labeled
as a "scab" thorughout the length
and breadth of the land, and written
down aa one who, for his selfish ad
vantage, seeks to overthrow the la
bor uplift of a century.
weighing the cheese, therefore not
giving me chance to read its weight.
I asked to see it welched again. With
his distracted attention he threw it
back upon the scales saying: "do you
see it?" With Hiis unpleasant looK,
! took it notwithstanding his mood
of dissatisfaction. I later to mm an
other race store where I mot. with no
difficulty whatever. This colored
merchant was a real qualified man ot
high principles. I traded there and
received the very best appreciation.
t .m. that nil nf our race merchants
would have pride and respect for
people of their owin nationality."
Contrast that letter with this beau
tiful tribute from Mr. DamJel Chase -of
Wlasliington, D. C, which is aa fol
lows: "It happened In a small town, not
far from this city. The time was the
summer of 1915. The store was a,
peneral merchandise sales place, and
Its proprietors were a man just about
middle aged, and his young son. The
moment you enter this store you feel
at home. A pleasant something
seemd to-jpervade the atmosphere.
After a few minutes you find out
what that pleasant someimng is.
Kev and his son greet each customer
with a salutation, whether they
Vnnw the customer or not.
"I was a stranger to them, wit tne
. i .i 4.vA uTiimmu
very mawy .pearum, " v
politeness In his "uooo momme.
will you have, please?" endeared Mr.
Kev to me from then on. It is use
less to Bay, that I made purchases far
exceeding what I had intended as I
had only wanted a handkercniei, oui
I made a large purchase, and have
since then found my way there be
cause courtesy draws customers.
The storekeeper referred to in this
letter la rightly named for M
tude towards customers Is the Key
to success in building business. That
is the sort of spirit that the Business
iLeaxue, through the agency of Lwl
Leagues, seeks to instill Into every
tornrls thrOUChOUt the
country. Is there a Local League in
(To be continued mext week.)
REV A W. W. HILL IN MALVERN,
Rev. A. W. Hill, the Connection
Evangelist of the A. M. E. Church la
conducting a series of meetings m
Malvern. Ark., at the church pastor
ed by Rev. J, W. Stinson. Since he
has been In the city sixty souls haw
professed' Christ and been added to
the church. ..