Newspaper Page Text
NASHVILLE GLOBE, FRIDAY AUGUST 80, 1918.
U. S. FOOD ADMINISTRATION
IS WHEAT INDISPENSABLE
The question naturally arises, how.
ever: To what extent can the wheat
to which we are now accustomed in
our diet be reduced without Injury
to the health or the Individual of the
Nation? This question was put by
the Food Administration to a com
mittee of experts recently assembled
in Washington to consider the SDeclal
physiological problems involved in the
general problem of wheat conserva
Dr. R. H. Chittenden, Professor of
Physiological Chemistry and Dean of
Sheffield Scientific School, Yale. .
Dr. Graham Lusk, Professor of
Dr. E. V. McCullum, Professor of
Bio-Chemistry, John Hopkins Uni
versity. Dr. L. B. Mendel, Professor of Phy
siological Chemistry, Tale University
C. L. Alsberg, Chief of the Bureau
of Chemistry, U. S. Department of
Dr. P. C. Longworthy, Chief, Home
Economics Division, State Extension
Service, U. S. Department of Agricul
Dr. Alonzo E. Taylor, Professor of
Physiological Chemistry, University
Prof. Vernon Kellogg, Stanford
Dr. Raymond Pearl, School of
Hygiene, John Hopkins University.
Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur, formerly
Dean of the Stanford University Medi
cal School; now President of Stanford
The commute ,as may be seen, was
composed of the highest physiological
authorities In the country. Their
answer to jthe question was v direct
It is the scientific opinion of the
committee that in a mixed diet wheat
may be entirely replaced, without
harm, by other available cereals, name
ly, rice, barley, oats, and corn. How
ever, we should not recommend this
except as an emergency measure.
The committee's particular reason
for not recommending this, apart
from the fact that wheat Is perhaps
the most convenient cereal for use
because of its special qualities con
nected with the making of bread in
loaves that will stand up and remain
sweet and palatable for several days,
4s that going without wheat would
be a psychological though not a phy
siological deprivation. We are accus
tomed as a Nation, just as most of
he nations of Europe are, to the use
of wheat bread ,and a sudden break
in our custom would have for some
people a psychological signlflance
more or less disturbing.
However, if these people could well
understand the emergency leading to
the change, and then could recognize
that they are aiding their COlintrv in
the great emergency by making the
cringe, this psychological disturb
ance would be much reduced.
ExaCt.1v thin mnHIH t . .
national emergency, to meet which
..the loyal and patriotic efforts of all
t-Jtne people are needed, is the condition
J to-day. It is only because of this great
national emergency that the oFod Ad
ministration makes use of thiH doit.
berate Judgment of the physiological
Even under these circumstances, it
is recognized that because of econo
mic and commercial reasons, not all
oi me people or America can go with
out bread based on wheat, but it Is
ceretaln that a great many people In
this country can easily do bo. It is
the belief of the Food Administration
that,( for the sake of maintaining the
wheat-bread supply for the armies and
civilians of our fighting associates in
the war, as well as our own soldiers
in France, every patriotic American
who can possibly do so will be glad
to dispense entirely with wheat from
now until the next harvest.
U. S. FOOD ADMINISTRATION.
The sugar shortage in our country
is bo grave that the household allow
ance was reduced on August 1 to two
pounds per person per month.' Our
soldier and sailors must, have all the
sugar they need and they can have
this amount of sugar If we at home
follow the regulations of the Food
It is your patriotic duty to see
that your readers understand the sit
uation and to do their part to meet it.
We suggest that you make editorial
comment upon the necessity for the
saving of sugar. We know that vou
can be depended upon to present the
case as It is.
Urge our people to eat less" sugar
an dto use instead sorghum, molasses,
syrup, honey, fruits (fre,sti and dried)
Your readers gave the nation special
service by saving wheat, ask them to
do equally as well In saving sugar.
,A. U. CRAIO.
Washington, D. C.
TO ALL FOOD ADMINISTRATION
"We can not administer the food
problem on the basis one year's war.
We must prepare for its long contin
uance if we are to insure absolute vic
tory," declared the Food Controllers
of the United States, France, Italy and
Great Britan in a. joint resolution
adopted at a conference in London.
Thn roanluHnn nrklnu i i i i
nmi-u was uaiueu to
day to the United States Food Ad
ministration, emphasizes the neces
sity of building up reserves in North
America as an Insurance against pos
hible crop failures here and else
where and the diminution of agri
cultural labor. The cable follows:
"Resolved, that- while the increas
. ed production of the United States
COAL CONSUMERS "MUST
MY WINTER SUMY KOW
- Caiuiuneri must lnty their
Tinier supply of Coal duritg
the Sprirtf) aiid Summer for
: sW.ijle iftroductkur if to be
maintained, at a
to avoid a aer'uxa '
mmAm it possible to relax some of
the restrictions which have borne
with peculiar hardship upon all our
peoples; yet it Is absolutely neces
sary that rigid economy and elimina
tion of waste in the consumption and
handling of all foodstuffs, as well as
Increased production, should be main
tained throughout the European Al
lied countries and in North America.1
It is only by such economy and ell-!
-Lmination of, waste that the transpor-
taiion oi me necessary men and sup
plies from North America to the
European front can be accomplished
and the stocks of foodstuffs can be
built up in North America as an 'in-1
suranre against the ever-present dan-j
ger of harvest failure and the pos
sible necessity for large and emer- j
gency drafts to Europe. We cannot:
administer tho food problem on tho
Dasis or one year s war. We must
prepare for its long continuance if we
are to Insure absolute victory."
Before the war, only about 10 per
cent of the food deficit in the Allied I
countries was provided by America.
Approximately 50 per cent of the
Allied deficit was filled last year by
the United States and Canada. And
from th 1918 crops we will very prob
ably be called upon to supply a much
larger proportion of this ever-Increasing
About 1,600,000 tons of shipping
could be saved if we made it possible
to withdraw ships now taking to
Europe food from Australia, India
and South America. Were this done,
it would be possible to transport and
maintain in France a much larger
t American soldiers. Many of
the difficulties ot convoy could be
overcome it the bulk of shipping
plied the Blngle lane between Europe
and North America. Interpreted in
terms of men on the fighting front,
every ship diverted from Australia
coxld perform an equivalent service
from American ports and in the time
it had taken for one round trip from
Europe to Australia could make two
additional trips from Europe to the
United States. In other words, it
could furnish Europe with the sami
amount of food and In the same
length of time could make one trip
as a troop ship and another to trans
port additional food.
With men leaving our farms in
ever increasing number to engage
in direct war work, we probably see
this year the height of our agricul
tural production. To protect our
selves and the Allies against the in
evitable shortage of the future we
must take advantage of this year's
production to lay by reserves.
Although public eating places ml
households which voluntarily went to
a no-wheat basis earlier in the year
have been released from their promise
to forego entirely the use of what,
they must still practice economy.
Release from their pledge only places
them on the same basis as the rest, of
the American people. Probably cs
long as the war lasts they mu9t use
Victory bread. They must face a3
rigid economy in other directions.
Especially is this true at present in
the case of sugar. The American peo
ple as a whole are expected to adopt
on August 1, an honor ration of two
pounds of sugar per person per
SUGAR SUPPLY. ,
1. Where does America get her sugar?
Cuba More than one-half.
Sugar beet production in the United
Porto Rico, the Philippines, Miscel
laneous sources the remainder.
2. Where did the Allies formerly get
France, Italy, and the Low Coun
tries raised their own. England re
ceived more than one-half from the
Teutonic Empires, Imported largely
from Java, and got a little from the
British West Indies.
3. Where do the Allies now get their
rne central rowers as a source
are cut off. Production in Italy and
France is only about one-third what
It was before the war. They'must tie
pend very largely now upon America
sources of supply.
4. Are there no supplies of sugar In
the East Indies?
. There are quantities of sugar in
Java and some in other Islands; but
ship can not be spared for trips to
Java while sugar can be obtained else'
were by one-third the haul.
o. wny is tnere need to conserve
sugar now In this country?
To meet the Allied shortage.
To release ships formerly used In
the sugar trade to carry soldiers and
supplies to Europe.
To make up the loss of beet sugar
ianas . ana lactones captured or
destroyed by the Germans in northern
France and Italy.
Ships which would have kept up
tne now or sugar have been sunk.
rweniy-six mousana tons or sugar
were lost recently in submarine raids
upon our Atlantic coast. Fifty thou
sand tons of sugar-carrying shipping,
were transferred to meet the require
ments ot Belgian relief.
6. Is there danger of a sugar famine?
No; but there Is a shortage as com
pared with the prewar days when
Americans used more than 80 pounds
per capita per year. If our people will
follow the directions of the Food Ad
ministration liberal compared with
the rules of England, France and
Italy there will be sufficient sugar
for our needs.
7. How much sugar can each person
fwc "i(isJfi ft
And "You are only asked
to save and not waste "Food
' Not more than 2 pounds per month
per person for household use and a
limited supply for the necessary pre
servation of fruit and other foods.
The Army and Navy must receive
8. How Is the Food Administration
handling distribution of sugar?
Use of sugar in manufacturing any
thing but foodstuffs an dexplosives
has been forbidden; manufacturers of
soft drinks, candy, and other less es
sentials have been rigidly restrioted;
the supply of sugar to ice cream
makers and bakers has been cur
tailed. For ordinary household use
not more than 2 pounds can be bought
at one time for town and city resi
dents, and not more than 6 pounds at
one time for country people except
at the discretion of the Federal Food
Administrator for the State or his
9. What restrictions have been placed
on public eating houses in regard to
For every 90 meals served not
more than 2 pounds of sugar may be
10. Are there other rules?
Federal Food Administrators in the
various States may make rulings to
suit local conditions in regard to
sugar for home canning.
11. Are civilians to consider them
selves on a definite sugar ration?
Yes. They are in honor bound to
use not more than 2 pounds per per
son per month. They are directed
to use sugar "substitutes as much bb
they can. Substitutes include corn
sirup, honey, maple sugar, maple
sjrup, sorgnum, rrult, ftuitjulces, etc.
12. What is the sugar ration at pres
ent in England, France and Italy?
England--2 pounds per person per
France 1 1-2 pounds per person per
month, Including all foods and drinks
Italy 1 pound per person per
These rations are not guaranteed.
They represent the maximum under
present rationing systems, if the
sugar can be obtained.
13. Does the 2 pound ration for house
holders include sugar for canning?
No; not as a general policy. A limit
ed amount of sugar is allowed tor
preserving fruits at home. However,
it is urged that everyone eat less
than 2 pounds if possible, so that
throughout the country more may be
available for canning.
14. How can sugar for home canning
By applying to the Federal Food
Administrator of your State, or his
deputy In your vicinity. Usually cer
tificates must bo signed by persons
who wish to secure sugar for canning.
These certificates are to be returned
to the Federal Food Administrator
of the States by the dealers who sell
the sugar. Thus a check is kept on
15. Why does the Food Administra
tion at present encourage canning
Because perishable frulta would be
lost if not canned. If fruit is steri
lized and air excluded, sugar will not
be needed as a preservative and
enough sugar can be added when the
fruit is eaten to make it palatable.
16. Can Jams and jellies be made later
when sugar is more plentiful?
Yes; from the fruit pulp and Juices
that have been sterilized and canned
or bottled without sugar.
"17. How small an amount of sugar
can bo used in making jams, jellies,
ana preserves which depend upon
sugar as wel as sterilization for their
Allow no more than three-fourths
of a pound of sweetening to each
RAISE A PIG !
rfJ'"A -",- , ,
r riv i , ... :
pound ot fruit. One-half pound for
sweet fruits is enough.
18. Can sugar substitutes be used In
Yes. Corn sirups and other table
sirups not made from granulated
sugar can be used with sugar
In some parts of the countrv
suitable varieties of canned sirups
and sorghums are available for pre
serving without adding any sugar.
19. How else may fruits be saved
without the use of sugar?
Some fruits may be dried; others
may be stored in a cool cellar. Fruit
pulp may be evaporated to a paste,
thus concentrating the natural fruit
20. How do sugar prices here compare
with those in other countries?
Net wholesale prices of refined
sugar per pound in chief cities of
Allied countries since sugar control
was established in the United States
by the Food Administration:
Oct. 1, 1917. New York, $0.0818, Mon
treal, $0.0867, London, $0.0998, Paris.
$0.1228, Rome, $0,263.
May 1, 1918. New York .073, Montreal,
.0807, London .1259, Paris. .1228,
Rome .263. "
21. What is the average retail price
of sugar in the United States.
From 8 1-2 to 10 cents a pound,
varying slightly in different localities.
During the Civil War Bugar sold at
retail for 35 cents a pound, when
there was no real shortage. Specula
tion then was rampant; now it has
been checked by Food Administra
22. How have prices been regulated?
By voluntary agreement with pro
ducers and refiners with regard to
the price of the raw sugar and re
finers' margins, and by establishing
maximum margins for wholesalers
23. Would our prices oe higher If
there were no control of sugar?
The price would, In the face of the
world shortage, have mounted ranid-
ly, as it has in countries where no'
control exists. As the American peo
ple consume upward of 8,000,000,000
pounds annually, each cen per pound
increase would cost the people more
than $80,000,000 a year. j
24. How can I know whether my'
grocer Is charging excessive prices
Consult the list of "fair prices" put
lished in the newspapers or write
directly to the State Food Adminis
trator or his representative in your
25. What penalty is there for tho
small retail grocer who Is found
guilty of charging excessive prices?
Wholesalers, all of whom operate
under Federal licenses issued by the
Food Administration, may cut oft his
26. What Is sugar hoarding?
Having on hand more than is need
ed for a reasonable length of time.
You should not fall to return any
unused balance of sugar purchased
for canning purposes.
27. May a household have a month's
supply of sugar gn hand?
This is not justifiable except in ex
treme cases where there are no stores
available for purchase, and it should
be done only upon advice of the Fed
eral Food Administrator or his
28. What are some of the evil effects
It throws the. distribution system
out of Joint; it raises prices; it im
poses a heavier burden upon those al
ready doing their utmost; it results
in waste where there are no proper
facilities for storage; it discourages
29. What , is the moral wrong of
hoadtng 7 , .
It is selfish, cowardly, unpatriotic,
, It Is, in effects, taking unto one's self
special privileges at a time when all
Americans should be on the same
footing, share and share alike.
30. Is there any punishment for
Yes. The Food Control Act provides
fines of not more than $5,000 and im
prisonment for hoarding by dealers,
manufacturers or householders.
GENERAL SUGAR CONSERVATION
81. Is sugar necessary in the diet?
Neither cane nor beet sugar Is
necessary. In the average American
diet all the bodily needs may ordin
arily be supplied by using honey,
sirup, fresh ' preserved and dried
32. .What are the general sugar sav
Use al sugar sparingly and where -
vnt possible om ratwatatM. B spar-
in or eonrtcuoaa and swet !.
The American people last year spent
enough money for candy to feed all
Belgium for two jeers. Bnnolement
sugar with honey, maple sirup, and
corn sirup, cultivate a taste for fruit
In Its natural sweetness. Sugar Is a
fuel-food. Get fuel from potatoes and
other starchy foods rather than from
sugar. Sugar excels them as an
energy-food only because It produces
energy more qulekly. They excel
sugar, since they supply more than
merely the fuel need.
33. If a recipe calls for 1 cup of sugar,
what amount of substitute may be
If a recipe calls for 1 cup of sugar,
use in its p)ace 1 cup of strained
honey or 1 2-3 to 2 enps of corn sirup.
If honey or sirup is used, .the amount
of liquid called for in the recipe must
bo reduced one-fourth cup for every
tuij in uuuey or sirup.
34. How may the sugar ration be ex
pressed in quantities known to every
one? Two pounds per month means about
8 ounces per week, or a little more
than 1 ounce a day. This daily ra
tion is a trifle more than 2 tablespoons
level full. It should be remembered
that this is to include all sugar used
tor any purpose whatsoever for
table use, cooking, in ice cream and
desserts, on cereals or fruit, in sugar
sirups used on griddle cakes, etc.
COMMANDER OF STUDENT AEMY
Washington, D. C, Aug. 7 Lieut.
Russell Smith has been detailed as
commanding officer of the Washing
ton Student Army Training Camp
Just opened on the Howard Univer
Lieut. Smith Is a native of Cov
ington Va., where he was reared and
received a rudimentary education in
the public schools. He enlisted in
the 10th United States Calvary, and
served with Troop B of that organi
zation thirteen years. He saw for
eign service with the gallant 10th
Cavalry in the Philippines and in
Mexico. He attended the Reserve Of
ficers' Training Camp at Fort Des
Moinos last year and was graduated,
receiving a commission as first lieut
enant. His most recent military
service was at Camp Dlx where he
served on a detail with the 153d
Depot Brigade and with a field artil
lery regiment at that station. His
commission and assignment have
been earned by diligent and meritor
The Student Army Training Camn
at Howard is for the instruction of
representatives of colored colleges
throughout the land, to the number
of 300, who will be given Intensive
training in military science and tac
tics for a period of forty-seven days,
after which they will return to their
respective institutions to train others
in the work which they have learned.
Provision has been made for the
formation of a student army corps
which will be advantageous to the
national army when the young men
are eventually called to the colors.
Many colored schools are taking ad
vantage of this training offered at
WAS DEPARTMENT BUREAU
Washington, D. C, Aug. 7 When
Mr. Emmett J. Scott, Secretary of
Tuskegee Normal and Industrial In
stitute, wrfs called to Washington last
October to serve, as Special Assistant
to the Secretary of War, he immedi
ately requested the Department of
Commerce to release Mr. William H.
Davis, who for many years had been
performing stenographic and other
technical work in that Department
of the Government, and who for many
years has been official stenographer
ot the National Negro Business
League. Mr. Davis was accordingly
released and has been serving as sec
retary and first assistant to Mr.
Scott since the beginning of his work
The ollico force was later enlarged
bv the addition of Mr. Charles A.
Wilson of Boston, Mass., a stenogra
phic helper, and within the last few
weeks by tho further addition of Mr.
Charles L. Webb, of Chicago, 111., a
stenographic helper, formerly status
clerk in the United States General
Lind Oiflce, Interior Department, and
Mr. R. W. Thompson, tho well-known
correspondent, who has been trans
ferred from the Treasury Department
to serve as an assistant in handling
the many Intricate problems which
come to the office of the Special As
sistant, whose bureau looks after
matters affecting the interests of col
ored soldiers and colored citizens gen
erally during the period of the pres
ent war, and Is aottng in conjunction
with the Committee on Public Infor
mation and other agencies of the
Government in the important work
ot stimulating the continued loyalty
of the colored Americans.
The duties involving upon Mr.
Scott have grown steadily in volume
end gravity and it has been necessary
to steadily Increase his office force
to keep pace with the overwhelming
mass ot correspondence that flows
daily Into the office and to properly
care for the welfare of the hundreds
ot cases that constantly press for at-
U. H. Food Admlnlatratlon.
Jist ez de buckwheat cake got
flop over 'on his face, Br'er Bacon
rin' dance 'roun en say, sezee:
"One good tu'n deaarves en nuth
er," sezee. Meanin' dat ef de
soier boys go en do de flBhtin fer
us, de leas' we alls kin do ia ter'
sen' 'em all de wheat en eat
buckwheat instid. Co'n meal, rye
en barley flour fer us will be'p a
1 lot teo.
!iV k sfj T T f Kp i mi ?a
V .' , .
For tliree years America Has
fought Starvation Belgium
Will you Eat less wheat
meat fats and ugar
v. that we may still tend
food in ihip loads ?
tentlon and touch every possible
phase ot the activities of the colored
people of the nation.
WAR FINANCE CORPORATION
In compliance with telegraphed In
structions from Secretary McAdoo, the
War Finance Corporation has wired
Federal reserve banks at Dallas, Kan
sas City and Minneapolis to notify
banks and trust companies in their
respective districts, nonmembers as
well as members of the Federal Re
serve System, of the willingness of
the corporation to make advances to
those financial Institutions which had
made loans to farmers and cattle
Droughts in these districts are
creating a Berlous condition for the 1
farmers and this action is taken to
relieve the situation.
Secretary McAdoo stated that no
industry was more vital to the war
than raisinjg wheat, corn, live stock,
and other food products, and that the
banks should make loans on the notes
of farmers, since they are engaged in
an industry not only necessary and
contributory to the winning of the
war but vital to It.
EXCHANGE OF LIBERTY
The Issue of registered bonds ot the
Third Liberty Loan has progressed so
far that transfers and exchanges of
registered for coupon bonds will be
made on and after August 1 until
August IS. Tne registry books will
be closed on Us later date in order to
prepare checks for Interest payments
on September 15. Bonds may be pre
sented during such period for transfer
or exchange, but such transaction
will be effected after September 15
and the September interest paid to
whomever was holder of the bonds on
Coupon bonds presented after Au
gust 15 for exchange for registered
bonds should have the September in
terest coapon detached; the regis
tered bonds issued upon such ex
change will bear interest from Sep
HIGH PRODUCTION OF ARMS
The attention of owners of Liberty
Bonds and War Savings Stamps is
called to the following. They are
financing the work:
On one day In June last approxi
mately 27,000,000 cartridges of vari
ous descriptions were produced in
the United States manufacturing
plants for the United States govern
ment. The daily average production of
United States Army rifles was broken
In the week ending June 29, an aver
age of 10,142 rifles a day of a modi
fied Enfield and Springfield type be
ing maintained. In addition spare
parts equivalent to several thousand
rlile and several thousand Russian
rifles were mnufactured.
The Ordinance Department. ha3 pro
duced 2,014,815,584 cartridges, 1,880,
769 rifles, and 82,540 machine guns
since the United States entered the
war. The daily output of cartridges
is now 15.000.u00.
DID NOT BORROW TO BUY
The Federal Reserve Bulletin says
lhat one of the most encuuiauing and
gratifying features of the Third Lib
erty Loan is that apparently there
has been little use of bank accommo
dations for the purehaso of the bonds.
It estimates that probably more than
80 per cent of the bonds are already
tully paid for. ,
The financial statements of the va
rious Federal reserve banks Indicate,
according to the Bulletin, that not
much borrowing from the banks was
done by the subscribers to the third
loan. n"hey either paid cash or
bought on the installment plan.
This eases a great deal the burden
ot the banks, upon whose shoulders
rests the financing of the business
and industry of the country.
SAVING AND. SERVING.
By economizing in consumption and
with the resultant saving purchasing
the Government's war securities the
American citizen performs a double
duty. The citizen and the Govern
ment cannot use the same labor and
mpt.orinl; it the citizen Mees it, the
material and the labor cannot be U3ed
by the Government. If the citizen
economizes in consumption, so much
material and labor and transforation
space is left free for Government
uses. And when the saving effected
Is lent to the Government more money
is thus placed al the disposal of the
The more tne people save the more
money, labor and materials are left
for the winning of tho war, the great
er and more complete the support
glveh to our fighting men.
The effect of the Liberty Loans and
the War Savings Stamps on savings
hanks' deposits has been watched
with keen interest by economists and
financiers- The experience of Eng
land was very encouraging; in the
year 1916 the English small deposi
tors purchased billions of dollars ot
war bonds and at the same time in
creased their deposits in savings
banks over $00,000,000.
iThe belief is entertained that the
result in America has been very
similar to that in England, and that
despite the purchase by the Ameri
can people of some $10,000,000,600 ot
Llbery Bonds and $500,000,00 ot
War Savings Stamps, ,a very fair
proportion of which weie purchased
by savings bank depositors, savings
banks deposits have Increased. '
II a TBiF"73
rrtT. Ira to Ml tela
Til mUEALTU tlYUTKIT G9.
410 CEDAR STREET
People's Savings Bank 4 Tresl
Co. m$. ""asT
f you wish a LOAN to
meet the expenses o
these war times to pay
taxes, to meet the in
creased cost of Jiving etc
Call at the
One Cent Savings Bank
And be accommodated
IlkM. U. i H
ma: Mot!vmJ H
kut n H kM nn i tt
l&dbaa kM, nl U m to
jp wmj w f I aul to. I
MMadlajr yo mf D
to ho m bom
Dontbtaomafcke Kink femmrfool
yon. Yoa naltr can't stniKlitsa roar bair
until it la nua and ions. TbaX'i what
does. wmovaaDandniff. feeda the Roota of
da hair, and nokea it axow long, aoft and
ailky. After naina a fewtimeayoacan tell
fhadiffarenee, and after a little while it
wOlbeeo prattf and taut that yon eau fix
ttaptoBuityoa. If Exelento don't do a
we elaun. wa mil give your nuwaj backet
Price 2Se fc anil en receipt of stamps
AOCNTS WANTED EVERYWHERE.
WrH tor rartf ralars.
DCIUSMTO MEOlcuta eK, Atlanta, Be.
Full reports have been received
from the savings banks in New York
State. They show a decrease in de
posits for the last year of only $8,000,-
000, but an Increase of 21,202 deposi
tors. The loss in deposits is insigni
ficant; the Increase In the number of
depositors very signillcant. With in
creased cost of living and other war
conditions, the decrease in deposits
might well be espected; the increase
of deposits shows that the soring
habit is greatly growing in our coun
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR.
Tho Women's Division of the U. 8.
Employment Service, under the sup
ervision of Miss Helena McNeills,
finds, after compiling its report for the .
week ending August 10, tho follow
ing excellent llgures: Numbor of calls
for help, Ki; number ot workers
wanted, 208; number of -applications
for work, 97; number sent to accept
positions, S9; number actually
placed, 8S. This report covers book
keepers, bill clerks, .neneral oihee
workers, stenographers, saleswomen, -milliners,
salesladies for department
stores, knitters and linisliers for
hosiery mills, bag makers, compan
ions, cooks, kitchen help, maids, wait
resses, artists, fiction writers and
The work of the Service is growing
bv leaps and bounds, as employers
and workers become better acquaint
ed with Its nature.
Miss McNeills is very anxious to
see that every employer in tho city,
who needs the help of women, gets
it, and wheu called on she makes
every effort to send some one suita
ble. For this reason every woman
in or near Nashville, white or col
ored, who wants something to do,
should replster with the Service at
175 8th avenue, N., and sooner or
later a good position will be the re
sult. It Is Impossible for any one to real-
lize how many different occupations
women can handle, and a review ot
the flies of the Woman's Division ia
quite surprising, as it shows regis
trations for vocations, which women
have not heretofore been considered
capable of following, and proves, with
out a doubt, that they ore prepared
to do their bit by taking the places
ot men who have been sent to the
Loral employers, as well as those
outside of Nashville, are taking ad
vantage of the opportunities the Ser
vice offers, and find it saves much
time, trouble and expense, to call the
Woman's Division by 'phone and
have some one sent who will fill the
LOANS TO OUR ALLIES.
The Unitod States Treasury has ex
tended additional credits of $100,
000,000 to France, -9,000,000 to Bel
grim and $3,000,000 to Serbia. Tie
total of credit advanced to our asso
ciates in the war against Germany is
Practically 80,000 officers and sallon
on American owned ajid registered
vessels trading In the waters where
the German submarines operate have
teen insured by the Treasury Depart
ment. The aggregate of tie policies
total well over $100,000,000.
This insurance is made compulsory
This law and since the submarines
gan to infest American waters it ap
plies to all vessels trading to or from
our Atlantic and Gulf ports. Small
fishing vessels are excluled.