Newspaper Page Text
NASHVILLE GLOgE, FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 6, It 8.
WOMEN AIDING IN WAp WORK.
Msny Prominent Trade-Unionists I
Number Among the Government's
Emergency Helpers. ,
V.'oiiiea prominent In trade-union,
circles are taking an active part In
the promotion of the Government's
war program. They are making every
effort to throw the weight of their
organizations most effetively Into war
work. Many women are assisting the
Department of Labor In salaried posi
tions or as volunteers. '
"We are encouraging trade-union
women to develop their abilities to
speed up war production," shvr- MIhs
Melinda Scott, a member of the Amer
ican Federation, of Labor mission to
England and France. 'If women are
not getting proper recognition of their
efforts toward winning the war, it Is
not because they are not doing their
share. - .
"There is a distinct place for women
trade-union leaders, for they can ap
proach their own sex and understand
the problems confronting women In in
dustry. Moreover, their appeal to wo
men may have more weight than would
the same appeal from a man."
Miss Scott Is a member of the ad
visory committee for the Council of
National Defense, and State chair
'raan of the New Jersey committee" on
wuv.fcti :n nuiiS.ry She oe.ieve.i that
War production can best be speeded
up by throwing the proper safeguards
about women workers, and is strong-'
ly in, favor of an eight-hour day for
women in order not to overtax their
Miss Agnes Nestor, who also went
abroad with the A. ,F. of L. mission
holds similar views. .. V
"In my talks to members, I insist
that uninterrupted production Is a
prime war necessity," says Mrs. Sara
A. Coiiboy, general secretary-treasurer
of the United Textile. Workers of
America. She holds mahy important
positions in organization connected
with war work. r v
"We are ..trying also to get union
members educated to realize the value
of money as a supreme factor in win
ning the war," she continues -At
a recent meeting of textile workers in
Knoxvilie, Tenn., I induced each of
the 1.G00 present to buy a $100 Liberty
A large number of other trade-union
women are taking an active part in
the movement to show labor its stake
In the wa, among them Miss Margaret
Daly, Miss Ann Hogan, Mrs. Clarence
Blackstone, Miss Mary E; Dreier, and
- Miss Mamie Murphy. Mrs. Gertrude
Breslau Fuller, oC Pennsylvania, has
been especially Interested in war work
- "PATRIOTISM MEANS HARD
New Jersey War Organization Kv-
Planning to Women what They Can
Do to Help the War.
"'Patriotism js only 1 per cent
cheering and waving flags; patriotism
Is 99 per cent hard work."
This is the announcement with
which the New Jersey division of the
women's committee cf the Council of
National Defense introduced its cir
cular, "Are yon a Woman Slaker?"
The war services outlined for wo
men include Red Cross work; food
conservation and production; patriotic
education and Americanization of
alien; protection, both physical and
"m6ral, f the thousands of women who
must be pushed into new industries
through the departure of the men for
the war; child conservation, that the
children shall not sufTer by the up
heavals of war; efficiency in home
service; the giving of money, of
strength and of devotion 'in ungrudg
ing spirit. This program will supple
ment work being clone by the Depart
ment of Labor.
"The attitude of the women wiih
soldier spirit is, 'Stand at attention,
receive government, and obey,'" de
clares the circular. "Remember the
war does not take any vacation."
NEW YORK ESTABLISHES NEW
Forms Women in Industry Service
To Co-operate with That of Depart
ment of Labor.
New' York State has followed the
lead of the Department of Labor,
which recently established a Women
in -Industry Service, directed by
women. In New York a similar divi
sion has been formed as a part, of the
State industrial commission, with Miss
Nell'e SwJrtz as its chief.
The National Woman's Trade Union
League was largely instrumental in
forming the service established by the
Federal Government, and the Wo
men's Trads Union League of New
York and the Consumers' League were
active along the same lines in New
York. , '
Miss Swartz is a native of Ashland,
Ohio, a graduate of Wells College, Au
rora, N. Y., and for five years was sec
retary of the Consumers' League of
New York. It is her aim to assist the
organization formed by 'the Depart
ment of Labor to as great an extent
"It is-a most significant step for
ward for the million working women
' of Now York State," comments Mrs.
'Raymond Robin, prpsident of the
National Women's Trade Union
League. "This action is equally sig
nificant from the national point of
women in .industry" service in the De-
view. With the establishing of the
partment of Labor at Washington and
New fork's, State leadership, in estab
lishing the women's -bureau, it become?
inevitable that every State will Jail
in lino and give Emal protection to its
"The industrial commission was, far
s1ghte:L not only seeing the need of
such, a bureau, but also recognizing
that the achievement of such a bureau
was dependent on the choice of a wo
man as chief a woman -of expert
knowledge and wide experience.''
TAKES. LABOR'S MESSAGE HOME.
Englishwoman, After Long Speaking
Tour Here, Returns, to Tell of
America's War Spirit. '
After a long speaking , tour in
... which she has delivered 23 lectures
In 228 days on the work of Enlish wo
men in the war, Miss Helen Fra3er has
returned to hr native land to tell her
"English sisters what American women
are doing for the cause of the allies.
She has been much interested, In the
war .program Of the Department of
"A great change has come qver the
people of the. United States, and over
the American womerr in the six months
. or so that I have been here," Bhe said
Vi!;r ' X
I ired of Savin
You don't know . '
what 't is to b?
before sailing for home. She told of
the gr,eat interest and enthusiasm
women have manifested ill the Liberty
loan and Re.l Cross campaigns, and
how through care in food conservation
they have left available food far Bel
gium and France. v
She declared that few persons out
side the munitions factories had any
idea of the great -number of Aderican
women who have taken up that work 1 ,nelK 01 1-nn,nr l suceea Mrs. Hilda
Many of them are vomen who had I M"h,hauser Ricnan,s' who "-'signed
ii3-er worked before, but tliey are de-' Vewn,,.v- Mrs- Neale has been serv
voting their entire energies to this i in" na superintendent of female em
service, she said. ' l'l.vinnnt in the New York City offices
The tendencies' of the times, she de-1 "f ,IlG Employment Service,
dared, are bringing women into the! In hnr ew wJrt she will co-operate
full responsibilities of citizenship. I ,vi!h Mlss Mai7 Van Klock, Director
. of the newly organized Women in In-
WOMEN POLICE UN
England .Found Establishment
Such Organizations Necessary
Protect Women Workers.
distinctive war-time development !
in English industry has been the es-1
tabllshment of women police forces in i
f w.i.,,.toc .i,n,n .,.,-.. , j
ucic ,ui:u uib empioyeu.
They have multifarious duties, arid
perform the very effectively, accord
ing to reliable information to the De
partment of Labor.
The women police began their career
in the summer of 1916, when it be-
came evident that further mM,. !
niunii ik, .n.un.n , .i
check' the workers as they enter the
women in munitions work than had
been adopted up to that time.
The women police examine passports
were needed for the supervision of
factories, search for such contraband
articles as matches, cigaretts, and
alcohol, patrol the factory neighbor
hood, and assist the police court magis
The patrol is a highly important
feature of their service, for many of
these plants "are located in lonely
spots, and practically all of them are
going full blast night and day. Even
within the factory inclosure, the
policewomen are needed, for these are
in some instances 6 miles long, and
women making explosives must often
work in isolated huts at long distances
from other structures.
So valuable has the work of the
policewomen proved that tlieir re
tention in industry after the war, so
kng as conditions necessitate the em
ployment of women under present con
ditions or conditions approximately
similar is fully expected.
GIRLS WORKING ON AIRPLANES.
Do Large Part of the Work on Ma
chines for Army in Kg Western
In one airplane factory in the West
a large part of the work is done' by
They pack the parts of the ma
chines, stuff ba,gs with excelsior to
protect delicate mechanism from in
jury, work on the wiring Bolder joints
of wire, and cut copper pieces. '
They also sew the linen wings on
the planes and do practically all the
work of preparing the wings for flight.
NAMES WOMAN FACTORY
Indiana Appointment Proves Satis
factory to Employers and Em
Indiana has a woman factory in
spector, who won the friendship of
employers and employees when she
was a club member Jnterested in wel
fare work. Mrs. Arthur T. Cox, of
East Chicago, was a representative 6t
the State Federation of Women's
Clubs when she becamo interested in
one of the most congested factory dis
tricts in the West.. Her acquaintance
with the workers extended so rapidly
that she soon gained a wide knowedge
of conditions affecting women. Whon
the war added thousands to the army
of industry, Gov. Goodrich found Mrs.
Cox equipped for the task of safe
guarding the interests of1 employees.
V' S' Food Administration.
Sides savin' fats en wheat,, we
got ter save sugar. Do bes' way
horneyV SUSar S te US syrupa! en
A nice 111 pitcher fujl er Masses
ootivoyed by a fleet eK buckwheat
sakes is one er de bes' ways to
get crost" Wid de suirnr ni-nlllr
I en it eaves wheat flour too, '
I TV, "T IT
HEADS WOMEN'S DIVISION.
Margaretta Neale Chosen
Succeed Mrs. Richards.
Mrs. Margaretta Neale, of New
York, has been appointed chief .if the
Women's Division of the United States
tunifloyment Service in the D ;.ait.
dusry Service of the Department of
Labor. . The province of the latter
service will be to determine fit occupa
tions ror women in war time: Mrs.
Neale's duty will be to 'see that sup
ply of labor is available for such work.
0 , i
Service Director for i North-
vest tI)epartmont Planning Aid to
Women in Industry.
Red Cross organizations of the
racifice northwest are making plans to
assist women who enter war Indus-iter
'."us 111 every wa-v Pssime. Airs,
Anna Y. Reed, social service director
lor tne Northwest division of the Red
Cross, wil make a careful study of
the-effect of the entrance of women
into industrial work.
The results of her investigations
will be made public as soon as she has
had an opportunity to compile them, it
Is expected. -
BRITISH WAR PUBLICITY PAYS.
C. F. Higham. Widely Known in
America, Tells How Government;
How the British Government has
been helping .instead of hampering
newspaper advertisement is explained
by the honorary publicity agent of
various British departments in a let-
ter to James Keeley, obtained in re
spouse to an inquiry made by Roger
W. Babson, director of the intornia
Uon and education service of the De
partment of Labor. The letter fol
lows: "Dear Mr. Keeley: In reply to the
query from the Chief of the Div'sion
of Information and Education, Mr.
Roger V. Bnbsrjn, in regard to the at
titude of the British Government to
ward the riritlivh nrpes T ' wmllil llbo
to Bav that the British fiomnimml
not only relTcs upon, but encourage';
in every way the newspapers or this
country. iaey nave placed no re
strictions on the press in re.anrd
the sort of advertising they
carry or how much of it they
carry, and neither have they -inter-fened
in any way with thhe business
side of the newspapers other than tc
arrange for them to only use a pro
portion of the paper or pulp which
they used in previous years, owing to
tho lack of supplies coming intq the
country. Even there the object .was
to see that as far as possible all news
papers maintained their prestige. '
"The only other restricfon I knov
of that has been placed on the news-'
papers is the .press bureau which reg
ulates the distribution of news. The
British Government believes that tho
press of this country'is nigst essential
for the proper carrying on of the war.
, "rn regard to advertising all the
advertisements that have appeared In
the; press on behalf of the Government
departments of this country are paid
for at scale rates, or more, as iln the
case of war bonds and war-savings
certificates. Whore in a great many of
the newspapers there are "two rates,
one for trade, , and one for financial,
the Government pays a rate half .way
between these two rates. There has
never been any question of the Gov
ernment asking for free advertising in
this country, neither have they ex
pected. ' One can not expect a news
paper to give up the bulk of its edito-'S
rial space in. support of the war and
then give up Its revenue columns ni
the same time.
"Th,'9 paid advertising has been ex
traordinarily successful. The cost of
the treasury's advertising in the rais
ing ot war loans works out at roughly
one-thirty-eighth of 1 per cent, which
L think you will agree is extremely
economical. , ,
"The adverting jf nonessential
'convmpdities has decreased, not be
cause of any interference on-the part
of the Government, but owing to the
fact that the newspapers use the r
good judgement there and only find
room for the nesessities and give sec
ond place to the nonessentias. All i
trade-marked goods are advertised!
regularly as before, though they can I
not use such large1 space as previous
ly, but their advertising in a more
modified form is there, just the Bame.
I think this answers Mr. Babson's
queries. - If it does not, I should be
pleased to give you any, further infor
mation you may require.
,"In writing to Mr. Babson you
might wish to have some authority
for the statements which I make. You
I might tell hlfh that the man who gavel
you the information is the honorary I
publicity agent to the treasury, the
national war savings Committee, the
Admiralty, and other Government de
partments.!' . '
The letter is signed by F. C. Higham,
who is .widely known in this countr
and formerly held Important business
REEMPLOYMENT OF TEXTILE
German Government Completes In
vestigation on Occupations For,
Germany has just completed a thor
ough investigation on the employment
of wounded soldiers in the textile in
dustries, the results of which may
prove of great value to American
manufacturers as will us to the War
and Labor Departments.
Robert Albert, of Ausustusburg. Al
sace, describes the instigation in a;
suvey receive'.'.' by the Red Cross In
tt'tute forCippled and Disabled Sol
diers in New Vi.'t
tM.ri. 4- n I
r.ism uciu-.ti'i lejuiu. associations
ere engaged in the investigation. w, ,imlt chilJ labor The bill , ex.
,C" ;'J r;2a0h'3f! l:T',e! f"f Pl to bring about many changes
i ? ton1ot,"IPPed8'-.in the educational system of Eng.
n !n ' If 13 8t,r01lgl UrKe2 l?atiland since it provides for nursery
J i VT. 1!far,n6 8:hools for children under 5 years of
.should not be employed at tertile ma-uge aml conipels attendance at school
it,.,,. t of all between 5 and 14. It also for-
Men who have lost an eye can work Wda tne employment for profit of any
only two looms instead of three, dlild un(lor 12
wh eh men with two normal eves arei
able to handle. The industry will be
M)le to place such men, however, if;
the .wrist is intact there are manyj
types of work the crinnled soldier can
do. The same applies to men who'A" Men Between Ages of 18 and 55
have lost a leg below the knee. The
loss of an arm or hand will nof pre-
Mtni men irom operating carrying de-
ii;es tiiiu Buppori goons passing over
roomie tames. 1 17 ilnd 55 lias been published in the
It was found that 513 German sol-l newspapers or Belgrade, according to
dierly formerly employed in the tex-la Serbian source of information com
t le industry were largely reemployed,! munlcated to the Department of La
Ihotrgh only 1,0 had gone back on;bor. This is interpreted to mean the
their old jobs or on other textile oc-i eolllective forceed recruit ng for the
unpauoiiB. . ui tne rest, Zti Had be-l
come watchmen, porters, doormen,
clerks, ma sengers, servants, shon
keepers, peddlers, house, agents, help-,
ers.day laborers, or independent husi -
miss men. Only G5 were without jobs
of some kind.
. r. Albeit believes that with the
coming of peace the number of men
who will be reemployed on their old
trades will increase greatly, because
business men have pledged themsel
ves to take tlieir workmen back.
CANADA MAKE.S RECONSTRUC
Col. Dennis Thinks Situation .in Do
minion Like That in North After
Canada is 'already beginning plans
for the reorganization of industry at-
the war, according to Col. J. s.
uennis, second in command of Drit-
; ish and CamuTan
recruiting in the
I united States.
He compares conditions in Canada
' now .with those that existed in the
United States during the Civil War.
and holds the view that the farm-labor
problem will be the most serious
matter to contend with alter hostili
ties have ceased. He expects a consid
erable number of imiii'grants to seek
farms in panada, but points out that
a comparatively small number of men
may be available, for farms among the
retllrnetl soldiers, liecause most of the
soldiers were laborers from the Indus
trial centers. Only 12 per cent, of tim
soldiers enlisted from tne farms.
There are 200,000 munition workers
In Canada, for whom provision will
nave to be made in the nfter-wnr
plans- F1 lil,,or- tho Ki'cat need
Canada, must be obtained, he declares,
lor now Canada's population is hall
urbnn and the iDom.nion consumes
niirre than it produces.
CANADA DRAWS WAR PROGRAM.
No .Strikes nor Lockouts, Right o!
Men and Employers to Organize.
The Canadian Government's war
a series of a admonitory but I
not mandatory regulations, provides
that there shall be no strikes or lock-'
uiils uuriug me wur, anti concedes the
to'right of 0I'l''ei to form unons r.nrt
ui T."iliimjytM a 10 101 111 associations.)
! Thtse regulations conform to thoe ofi
,. m .. r l
me j hi i-v aisn uoura, a part of the i"' ", ai iiiuMeui inn
Department of Labor. ' j gardens total more than 1.000.
Where union sIiofu now exists.! 'no tnal assess d valno of Vamler
they (nre to continue; where open burgh Co. is $56,000,000, the popu
shops exists, organized workmen are; kitfon 80,000. Tho colored people's
not to consider the employment ol holdings aro valued at 500,000 dollars,
nonunion labor a grievance. Women I llie coIl,red population about 10,000.
should receive the same pay as men ! There has been raised through tafl
for the same work. .Minimum wane various Liberty Loan efi'orts about
scales should be arranged, it is sug- $9 0,000 of which $70,000 was the
gested. " ' allotment for the" colored people. The
Maximum production is the chief raising of the various war loans has
aim: any methods that prevent this Deen uuIr the direction of tho Mayor
should be discouraged. Agreements ,of Evansville. The Mayor in an ad
regarding wages should be subject to''lr0S3 before the Evansville Chamber
change only with changes in the cost of Commerce stated that the Negroes
of living. ' Wihere agreements can t of 'Evansville had done their part to
be reached .between workmen and W!mI raising the various war loans.
employers, conciliation under the in-
d u.s trial disputes investigation act
should be adopted.
LIMITS ENGLISH CHILD LABOR.
New Education Bill Provides: Com
pulsory Education and Nursery
The House of Commons has passed
on th.'rd nnd final reading the educa-
Baking1 powder biscuits, con
bread, muffins, brown breads grid
dle cakes en waffles la wot dey,
call "quick breads."
You all makes 'em wid one cup
er wheat flour ter two cups er
substitute flour to save all de
wheat dat kin be saved fer de
sojers. Some folks kin git er'long
wldout any wheat at all and are
glad to do 'it ter help win de war.'
Dat ain't bad med'eine to take,
fo' who's gwlne tn'.i up his nose
at good co'n bread w biscuits er
l'. 8. food Administration.
Jlst ex de buckwheat cake got
flop over on his face, Br'er Bacon
rin' dance 'roun' en say, sezee:
"One good tu'n desarves en nuth
er," sezee. Meanln' dat ef da
aojer boys go en do de flghtin fer
as, de leas' we alls kin do Is ter
sen "em all da wheat en eat
buckwheat instid. Co'n meal, rye
en barley flour fer us will he'p a
,um i.,,ij ,nat , .htni.
. lCTO, . Ns
Summoned tor Harvesting for Teu
a notice calling up airthe Serbian
malo population between the ages ot
purpose of harvesting lor the Austro-
liuiigiriaii military stores. Announce
ment wiw tnndf .Ink- thnt nil nr-
sons of both sexes between the ages
iof 11 and CO would be considered as
liable to bo called to work,
COST TO THE CONSUMER. OF A
POUND LOAF OF BREAD.
(Explanation of Chart.)
Since 1913 farmers have been re
ceiving f.ir their wheat a gradually
increasing proportion of the price
paid by the consumer for broad. The
amount received by the wheat grow
er fur his contribution to the average
pound has increased from less than
l'L cer.ts ikt loaf in 1913 to more
than 3'i cents early this year. Tho
proportion to the whole price is shown
by the relative length of the black
columns of thp chart.
The middle portion of each column
shows what the miller received for
his mlllin costs and profits. This
has neen a somewhat variable factor,
but is now at the minimum (G per
cent this G per cent however, is in
cluded the cost, of the containers
(bags, sacks etc,) shown as dotted
area which has Increased very nearly
in proportion to the price of bread
Itself. Bags now cost about 50 pej
cent more than in 1913 and 1911.
The shaded portion of the column
represents the expense of distributing
the flour, making it into bread and
getting the loaf to the consumer.
Tho chart shows that the farmer
Is now receiving a much larger share
nf the final price for his product than
in th!!"pnst, and that a considerable
amount, of "spread" has been taken
out of other expenses.
Col ire Poapie of Evansvillo, Ind.
Reportol to the National Negro Busi
ness LoiK'ip during their annual ses
sion in Atlantic City N. J.
By Prof. W. E. Best.
The war activities or the colored
people of Evansville, have been ijt
I ho most pv.rt under the management
of the Local Negro Business League
i.f which Logan H. Stewart is presi
dent. In 1915, the Negro Business
League promoted Health and Cienu-l'i
J Campaign. There were 200 gardens
l'1'1'! lia l luami ul lllia uiiur... lit
li:1G the nunihc- of war gan.-iM was
.,,,.. .j,in 1 . , . . u
T1,e luota for the .colored people
in the first Red Cross drive was $430.
They raised $G00. In the Patriotic
Fund effort the colored people
Evansville contributed $8000. which
was more than $5,000 above their
Evansville hivs furnished about 500
colored draftee san denlisted men to
; I ho nllUed States Army and Navy.
Five of these men are commissioned
officers and two are in the Y. M. C. A.
, branch "of th. United Stafps Service.
; Four out of the seven officers and
; secretaries are now in service In
The colored women of Evansville,
through -he City Federation of Col
ored Women's Club3 aside from par
ticipating in all the various war fund
drives conducted in the city have co
operated with the County Council of
Defonso and have registered .the col
ored women a smembers of the Un'te l
States Food administration and for
service; have conducted the child-well
fare . work among our people and
weighed the fcabies in each of the
school districts; they have now in
operation fifteen food clubs- that are
acTIve in the conservation of food.
When you subscribe to a Liberty
Loan you subscribe to the sentiment
that tho world must be made safe for
democracy and subscribe to the fnud
that Is to make the world safe for
You subscribe to the belief that In
nocent women and children on un
armed sh'ps shall not be sent to the
bottom of the sea; that women and
children and old men shall not be
ravished and tortured and murdered I
under the plea of military necessity
that nurses shall not he shot for deed
cf mercy nor hospital ships be sank
without warning or hospitals and un
fortified cities be bombed orvcannon
aded with long-range guns.
You subscribe to the doctrine that
mnll nntinn hnve the same right, as
great and powerful ones; that might
is not right and that Germany shall
not force upon the world the dominion
of her military masters.
You subscribe, vhen you subscribe
to a Liberty Loan, to the belief that
America entered this war for a just
and noble cause; that our soldiers in
France and pur sailors on the sea are
fighting for right and justice.
, And you subscribe to the American
seutiment that they must and shall be
powerful, efficient and victorious.
BAD NSWS POR BERLIN.
The w-ar news from the eastern
front these days is bad news for the
German people. Quotations from
German newspapers portray the gloom
that overhangs the people in the
kirge cities. That the people In the
small towns and country are equally
depressed is not to be doubted.
The Liberty Loan bond buyers of the
preceding loans have their share in
the success of the entent allies. They
furnished the sinews of evar not only
to fight the U-hoats and to build ships,
not only to raise, equip and send our
soldiers over, not only to supply them
and our allies with food and munitions
but more than $6,000,000,000 of their
money has been loaned to our allies so
that they may prosecute the war with
vigor and strength.
We hero at home have an oppor
tunity to send the Germans some more
bad news. The Germans have great
aspect for money; they know Its vital
ahta in waging war. They know, too,
that the support the American people
give a Government loan measures
largely the support they give their
Government, the moral as well as tho
financial support they give their
armies in tho field.
A tremendous subscription to thei
Fourth Liberty Loan wil be as dis-.
t reusing to tho German people as a
defeat for them on the battle tield, and
it will mcanis much. It spells their
defeat; it breaks their morals;, it
means power to their enemies. A sub-
scription to the loan is a contribution'
to German ikd'cat and American vic-i
SOME OF THE BITS YOUR LIBER
TY BOND WIL LDO.
If you buy a f 100 bond of the Fourth
Liberty Loan yon are lending the
United States Government enough
money to feed a soldier in France a
little more than seven months. Or
you have furnished enough money to
pive him a complete outfit of winter i
and summer clothing, including shoes
and stockings, and slicker and over -
coat and blankets, with enough left
over to arm him with a good revolver.
You have done that much to beat back
It takes $35 more to arm him with
a rifle with a bayonet on it, and if
you buy a second 100 bond you furnish
him this rifle and 1,000 cartridges for
it; an dthero will still be enough of
your money left to purchase a good
sized bomb to throw in a dugout, or
demolish a machine gun together with
the Huns operating it.
Credit extended by banks to their
customers for nonessential purposes
hurts in several ways. First, it in
volves the use of money that might be
better invested in Government securi
ties, thereby helping to win the war,
and shorten the war with the conse
quent saving of American lives. Sec
ond, it involves the use of labor, ma
terial, and transportation, which oinht
to be lei't free to meet, to the l'ulc.n,
lllP 11fn.l4 nt' tlw Hovnfttii.iiitt n'Mt.,1 I
it invnim, ,,,.., , ;' .'
.k ,,,, r, '.' 'i.-.u L,'.,
iiu luu uut yi iiiiiuiji, uiuu ueiayutg
Government operations and making
them more expensive.
Every resource of the Unite:l States
and its people should be devoted to the
winning of this wa;-. We should hit
th ellun with all our strength. To
win the war w ehave got to keep our
soldiers in a high state of eiriciency
and keep our people at home, and our
farms and mines and factories in a
high state of efficiency. We are not
keeping ourselves in the highest state
of efficiency whon we are using money
and goods and labor and transporta
tion for nonessential things, for lux
uries, and extravagances.
It should not be left entirely to the
banks to carry out this policy. The
people should co-operate with them,
and curtail their expenses, their ex
penditures, and their borrowings.
CONSERVATION OF CREDIT.
Not only should the goods and labor
ot th eNation ba conserved for the
prosecution of the war; the credit of
i lie Nation must be conserved for tho
This la Ueing impressed upon the
banks, and It should bo Impressed upon '
tho people, too the borrowers from
All of the hanks of the country art
t,i rt n...tnn (l,nU la rpL.,,
urged to loan money only where the
borrower is going to use it in soinej
way that will aid in or contribute I .i i
winning the war.
This policy is not aimed at hamper-'
Ins legitimate business. It. aims lo
I help win the war, which i sthe boat
thing possible for business. It simply
means that money wanted tor nones
sential purposes should bo refused.
T et Ihe nonessentials wait until the
nr is finished. The Government
jods the money to carry on the war.;
'.he farmer, the men and the In'us
tres engaged in war work or engaged
In producing things needed for tho
efficiency both of our soldiers and of
our home people, need the credit to
carry on their enterprises.
Merchants should not borrow money :
to stock up on luxuries or things that
the people should not buy at this time.
No one should borrow monev now to
'pend needlessly - or evtravngantly. '
Unnecassary building, unneeled arti
cles, unessential enterprises should ill
await, tho ending of the war.
Th Federal Reserve Board points
out that in the interest of successful
i Government financing it
I much better for the banks to hold
I credit within reasonable bounds by. in
telligent co-operation father than . to
discourage borrowing by charging high
interest rates. Tie people fchould co-'
operate with the Government and the ,
banks In the policy of conserving'
credit and curtailing borrowing ex-
TO GROW LONG,
Yaa NMd Raal Sol Pm4.
Thar ar so many taJ1l hair
rowar on th markat, a Urga nam
oar of which ara notbloj mora taaa
perfumad grease. It Is no wonder neo
pla get discouraged and lose taitk la
U hair tonics. In deciding what
u use on your scalp be sure and gat
a remedy of proven merit Seebr'e
Qulnade la a highly medicated p
irsda that has stood the test of time.
It la a real scalp food; It stimulate
tnd nourishes the roots of tne 'astr,
ausing a natural growth of long hair.
Qulnade Is the Invention of an -jert
chemist and Is mad under tito
lupervlalon of an experienced reci
tared pharmacist. It makes the hair
oft and smooth and easy to put 9
in the style desired.
To get best results from the mst ef
Qulnade K Is nscea&ary to shampo
the scalp about every two weeks with
Seeby'a Qulnasoap. Qulnasoa la
made entirely out of pure vegetable
alls, principally cocoanut oil, and la a
thoronrh cleanser. Qulnasoap lather
very freely. It leaves th hair toft
md fluffy and Imparts a refreshing
feeling to the scalp unequalled by
tnv other shampoo.
Do not accept any substitute, but
Insist on retting Seeby's Qulnade an
Seeby's Qulnasoap, asking for then
hv the full name. Price 1s IS cent
itch. If your druggist or dealer doe1
not stopk these two articles, ask htn
to obtain them for you from hie
holanler or send n th price
We will ninil them ti you. Seby
nnm rn 70 Vncil 1"n atrept. New
agricultural and Industrial
Grammar School, 'Music,
NJ-,rm il C. ilWte a lid TheO-
OPENS SEPTEMBER 16
BOARD $10; TUITION from 75c
to $1.7") a rnwh. Good Home-Life
For furt er information, write to
Cept where the money, directly or in.
directly helps win the war, helps our
soldiers who are risking their lives
for our country.
WAR PROFITS TAX AND EXCESS
PROFITS TAX THE DIFFER
ENCE. "By a war-profits tax we mean a
tax upon profits in excess of those re
alized before the war.
"By an excess-protits tax we mean
a tax upon profits in excess of a given
return upon capital.
"The theory of a war-profits tax is
to tax profits due to tho war.
"The theory of an excess-profits tax
is to tax profits over and above a given
return on capital. The excess profits
tax falls less heavily on big business
than on smal business, because big
business Is generally overcapitalized
and small businosfes are often under
capitalized. "The wnr-prolits tax would tax all
j war profits at one high rate; the
I excess-profits lax does and for safety
must tax all excess profits at lower
1 graduated rates
I The above extract
The above extract from Secretary
1 of the Treasury Mc Vloo's testimony
before iho House Ways and Means
Commlt'co gives his differentiation
between war-profits and evcess-profits'
taxes and explains his position Mn urg
ing upon Congress on excess-profits
tax with an alternative war-profits tax
in the forthcoming revenue legislation.
To the average citl-en "Secretary
McAdoo'3 position seems well taken.
Most small and loc:il corporations are
capitalized at an actual valuation.
Many of the very lar're corporations
are greatly overcapitalized; the stock
of some of them has been repeatedly
va'erel. With only an excess-profits
tax a corporation earning 10 per cent
on grossly watered capital wil pay
the same tax as another corporation
not overcapitalized earning ll) per
I cent on tne real, actual valuation 01
the money nnd property invested In
its business. The profits of the first
corporation might be" :iil per cent on
its actual valuation, and it Is to cover
such cases that a war-profits tax is
As many of these largo corporations
are engaged In Government work and
draw ng huge sums from the United
i States, it seems particularly just that
they should pay taxes on the same
actual basis as corporations not over
capitalized. A tax that taxes equally
at 10 per cent profit on watered capi-
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p ' ' J '
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t sV r ncip win
i(re you doing yours ?
tmrTio statu ooo
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