Newspaper Page Text
NASHVILLE GLOBE, FRIDAY DECEMBER 6. 1918.
TO CHARGE. OR NOT. FOR SOL
DIERS' COMFORTS? 1
Shall the Soldier rjty. or shall he
have "everything free" that the Y.
M. C. A. and the Knights of Colum
bus provide for his comfort? The
policies of the two organizations are
at Tarlance both In theory and prac
tice, and the discussion of their
change to uniformity Is still on. The
Y. M. C. A. charges, and must charge,
since Its ministrations are in an
allied sense a part of the army or
ganization. Report, according to
the Catholic organ America (New
York), represents General Pershing
as requesting the Knights of Colum
bus "to establish canteens In Franco
and to retail the little comforts and
luxuries thev have been giving away
at prices tallying with those charged
by the Quartermaster's Department."
Some misunderstandings have arisen
over the canteen or post exchange
conducted by the Y. M. C. A. In
France, and a statement has been
submitted by Mr. Fred B. Shipp, who
according to Dr. John R. ' Mott,
"knows more about the facts involved
than any other man In the United
States." In an official statement is
sued by the Association he clears up
some points that were apparently
misunderstood by our boys who were
among the first over there, who bore
the brunt of our initial efforts when
organization was ia Us earliest
stages, and who are with us again
with the honorable badges of their
devotion. We read:
"In the summer of 1917 the mili
tary authorities inquired as to how
fully tho "Y" was prepared to as
sume resonsibillty for canteen service
with the American Expeditionary
Force. After several conferences
with General Pershing's Headquar
ters, it was agreed that we should
assume full charge of this service,
including the purchase of stock in
America, in Great Britian, in France
and in the neutral countries of Eu
rope. "Bulletin No. 33, issued by Gen
eral Pershing's Chief of Staff, stated
that goods were to be sold at the
several 'Y' centers at purchase cost
price, plus cost of transportation,
with a slight margin added to cover
goods lost in transit; that is any
profit should arise, the'Y' would use
it exclusively for the men of the
Army; that these canteens would be
operated under the general direction
of the respective army officers; and
that the plan was designed to release
enlisted men for direct military serv
ice. "A few of the men, accustomed to
the canteens operated by the Army
were not entirely pleased with this
arrangement. Several 'y leaders
also felt that the plan had in it pos
sibilities of embarrassment for the
Association, particularly in view of
the shortage of supplies under war
conditions and of the scarcity and
excessive cost of ocean transporta
tion. When the Army Bulletin au
thorizing the arrangement was is
sued, however, we all entered heart
ily into the plan.
"Unfortunately for the 'Y,' the
ship carrying our first cargo of sup
plies was submarined off the French
coast. Before another ship arrived
it was necessary, In order to meet
the demands of the men, to pick up
in the cities and towns of France at
retail war-prices such small quanti
ties of supplies as could be found. No
profit was attempted on these high-
DEPOSIT YOUR MONEY
4tKMrvPfex m, -i &: x s r
R. H. BOYD,
C. N. LANGSTON; Cashier.
PRESTON TAYLOR, Chairman
cost goods,, and frequently they were
sold much below the purchase price.
Many of the soldiers, however, ac
customed to prewar prices at home,
could not understand what seemed
like 'high prices,' and thus the charge
of profiteering began.
"About tne time our first ship
ment from America arrived, the
Quartermaster's Department also re
ceived a large stock of canteen sap
plies which hai been ordered before
this service v as turned over to the
'Y.' These goods were placed on sale
to the soldiers at the few Commissary
Sales Stores whicn the Army had es
tablished and were sold at govern
ment prices cost ai the factory :n
Amctica, with i othing added for
transportation. The contrast between
those prices and ours, which included
the heavy ocean transportation cost,
again placed the Association in an
unfavorable light, notwithstanding
the fact that we added nothing for
motor-transportation or for overhead
"The fact that one or two other
organizations were, by agreement,
allowed to furnish limited canteen
service at a few designated points,
and that this service was usually
free, established a precedent In the
minds of some of the soldiers which
they felt the 'Y' should follow at its
many hundreds of centers. While
our free distribution of supplies on
the front line in time of important
actions aggregated considerably more
than the free distribution of other or
ganizations, the average soldier was
Imprest by the fact that most of the
time he paid for his supplies at the
'Y' canteens, while on such special
occasions as this other canteen serv
ice was available to him it was on a
free basis. It was unfortunate that
the plan provided in Bulletin No. 33
placed the Association in the posi
tion of being practically the only
American agency in France dealing
with the soldier on a commercial
basis. Our extensive program of
regular service to him, at the base
ports, in the training areas, and in
the front-line trenches: for example,
the furnishing of reading matter,
writing materials, movies, concerts,
theatrical entertainments, athletic
supplies, and all else that goes with a
'Y hut or dugout in Franco all of
it without charge was obscured in
the minds of many because we were
also handling merchandise at what
Often appears to them to be exorbi
A further occasion for misunder
standing with some, and especially
among those of our boys whose pat
riotism tolerates no language but
English and no economic system but
that of "good old United States," is
: the fact that business Is necessarily
done with French money. Mr. Shipp
oilers a simple explanation:
"In appearance the franc looks
much like our twenty-five-cent piece,
and unconsciously one feels that It
should have the same purchasing
power. Its actual value, however, is
about seventeen and a half cents.
When used in one of our canteens to
purchase a standard article which un
til recently retailed at home for ten
cents, but which now costs probably
that much at wholesale, and to which
increased cost the 'Y has added five
cents for ocean transportation, it
yields the soldier so little change
that unless he takes all the facts into
! consideration he feels he is being
"We must also recognize that
SOLID As The
4 Per Cent
Executive Committee. $i
among several thousand' workers
whom the 'V hat tent to France,
there are necessarily some who are
entirely unsulted to this rrlce. and
although these workers, after a fair
trial, are sent home, their stay Is
often long enough for them greatly
to Injure the Association, particular
ly when they are employed In canteen
service. I am glad, however, to bear
testimony to the fact that while most
of our workers In France came to us
without previous experience In Y. M.
C. A. Service, these lawyers, manu
facturers, merchants, clergymen, col
lege professors, and men and women
from nearly every other walk of Hf
In America, have In most cases 'made
good,' and have performed an unsel
fish service for the welfare of the
soldiers. A significant testimony to
this is the fact that many of them
have been wounded or gassed and
that several, including two women,
have lost their lives under enemy
"The cause, I believe, of a good
deal recent criticism has not been so
much the prices charged as the fact
that the Y' In certain instances was
unable fully to carry-out its plan to
provide free canteen supplies to
the men as they were going
into action or as they were
coming out. The reason for
this was not a shortage of supplies,
but the absolute inability to secure
the necessary motor transportation.
Over and over again, the Y. M. C. A.
worker has found himself on the ex
treme front battle-line with absolute
ly no supplies to give to the fighting
and wounded men, while at the same
time our stores back of the line were
well stocked. Any one familiar with
the motor transport situation in
r ranee during the past few months
will Immediately free the 'Y from
responsibility in this matter. It Is
one of the inevitable results of the
exceptional fighting activity of recent
The Knights of Columbus how
ever, prefer to stick to their original
principle. Mr. William J. Mulligan,
Chairman of the K. of C. Committee
on War Activities, is quoted by tho
New ork Times as saying: "We
have made It a first principle of our
worK to charge for nothing, and that
principle will be maintained by the
Knights of Columbus. The other
war-relief organizations cooperating
with us have given concurrence to
this policy." America answers the
criticism that the free policy is
"pauperizing" the men, and goes on
to consider the financial condition of
the average soldier: I
"His overseas pay Is very limited, I
when allotments, insurance, and so
on, are deducted. He receives his
leave and naturally 'blows' himself
to elaborate food and entertainment
In any near-by city that has these
things for sale. When young men
have been through mankind's finest
imitation of Hades, they emerge a
little eager for the good things of
life, and who shall deny them? The
good things of life are only to be ob
tained upon a certain tariff, which,
If seduclously consulted, will be found
to bear rather a condescending rela
tion toward a soldier's spending
money. The soldier, then, often finds
himself in a position where he is not
able to afford the light little luxuries
given to him by the Knights. Now
who shall say that he be denied these
luxuries until such time as he earns
more money to pay for them?
Take the case of our men at home.
Refer to the newspapers again, and
this time we are sure of the truth of
the reports because we have wit
nessed the fact with our own eyes.
Our soldiers and sailors in a big city,
spending their furloughs, exhaust
their scanty funds, carelessly, per
haps, but do we stipulate that they
must consider all the risks before
they plunge Into an enemy barrage?
They have nowhere to lay their
heads, and they have no money, or
very, very little. Is It better for
them to go to a cheap lodging-house,
where they will meet some of the vile
specimens of humanity which our
grotesque civilization produces? Or
would you, were the particular sol
dier or sailor your own son or your
own brother, prefer to have him ac
cept the beneficence of the American
people through the Knights of Co
lumbus, who conduct service-houses
containing good, clean beds In good
wholesome surroundings, for these
very boys? .
"Moreover, the Knights are the
trustees of a public fund raised for
the benefit of the nation's defenders.
If, through wise and economical ad
minstratlon, the Knights find that
they are able to supply the boys with
beds and other necessities or luxuries
i entirely free of charge, why In the
: sacred name of charity should any
body challenge their rights to do so?
Scout the thought that our soldiers
and sailors are Bpolled by this happy
application of a public fund. Our
soldiers and sailors may have a
cogent reply to this ridiculous as
sertion when they return from the
wars; they may even go so far as to
say that we have been spoiled, that
we have sat at home investing our
money at four and more per cent, a
year after Uncle Samuel has dusted
his knees in an attempt to get us to
do so, while they have been facing
the dangers of the sea and struggling
through the horrors of the battle-'
ACHES AND PAINS
Yon'll find Sloan's Liniment
oftens the severe
. Tat It on freely. Don't nb ft ta
Just let It penetrate naturally. What a
erne of toothing relief soon follows!
I External aches, stiffness, soreness
cramped muscles, straineif sinews,
back "cricks" thoee ailments can't
fight j off tne relieving qualities of
Sloan's Liniment. Clean, convenient,
economical. Ask any drueeist for it.
8(Jc. 60c $i,28
A NATION S STRENGTH
IS IN ITS FOOD SUPPLY
Eat Lesa "Vthsre nothing
Create a Reserve
I AMERICA MUST FEED
110.000. OOO ALUES
ffF ".si a.
Have You Hair
Tell them to the Dermatologists
and Scalp Specialists with a repu
tation of over 1 8 year$ for honest
service. Since the year 1899.
we hve successfully treated and
cured thousands of cases of scalp
and hair diseases, whuh means
that wehave assisted (Vm-I Malum
in making the hair grow LONG, SOFT and GLOSSY. We shall bepleased
to make a microscopic examination by mail FREE for those sending for our ques
tion blank, enclosing a 3c. postage stamp, or you may consult the Hairdresser using
DR. and MADAM V. A. JOHNSON'S SCIENTIFIC SYSTEM
in your town. If she holds a Diploma from this SCHOOL, she is competent
to advise you. Write us for her name.
Jt six weeks scientific scalp and hair treat'
ment will be sent by Parcel Post for$I.OO
Address DR. and MME. W. A. JOHNSON,
800 Tremont Street, Boston. Mass.
Influenza and kindi
diseases start withacold.
Don't tiifle with it.
At the - first shiver or
Standard cold remedy for 20 years in table
form safe, sure, no opiates breaks up a cold
in 24 hours relieves grip in 3 days. Money
back if it fsila. The genuine box has a Red top
with Mr. Hill's picture. At All Drug Stores.
WILL LYNCHING ALWAYS BE?
It seems that while we are rejoic
ing and giving praise to our Negro
boys who have gone to the front to
protect the dignity of this our repub
lic, our hearts are made sad, not over
the condition of race prejudice, but
the taking of the government in
hands by hoodlums who have not a
conception of rightfully judging
themselves, much less the destiny of
We believe our government to be
the most intelligent of any other in
the world. We feel that lawlessness
does not characterize the constitution
of the land, and we can not but think
that the representative part of the
people of this country, if from no
other standpoint than humane, will
resent the spirit of co-operation of
states and municipalities to lynch his
By reflection, when war was de
clared, taking things at their face
value, we did not see how the Negro
could -consistently be called into the
conflict. And, since he was called
and answered in the terms of Samuel,
"Here am I," and went into the war
dauntless, fearless and unprejudiced,
we feel that his constitutional rights
should be respected.
Just think of the Incompatibility;
last week we were rejoicing and glad
that we had had a part in the victory,
which was fleplnrnrl whan nn wlrAlaaa
as it were, we were given the "burn
ing message that our brothers were
being lawlessly outraged and lynched
fn nnr than relatione- rpnnhllfv Tr
seems almost unreal and yet it is a
When will our great government
take these things in hands and make
some legilation which will wipe out
forever, this, the greatest of all In
dignities to the Negro people?
We are a patriotic people, our
hearts with one accord go up in sup
port of our executives. Surely we
cannot be termed as disloyal.
Would that there were clubs or
ganized In a greater number to in
telligently place this matter before
men of the nation who have enough
gratitude in their hearts to concede
to the Negro his constitutional rights
as an American citizen.
Justice is all we ask. As a law
should be punished, but since we
abiding people we feel that all crime
have courts ranging from a mere
municipal one to the United States
Supreme Court, we feel that there are
enough to see that justice shall be
given every individual. We are too
broad to ask for things special; all
we ask is the satisfaction of knowing
that as a part of this government we
will be dealt with justly by the laws
comprehended in the constlutlon of
the United States. U. B. of F.
Searchlight of Mo.
Mrs. M. V. Boutte. formerly of this
city, the wife of Capt. M. V. Boutte,
Is now located In New York City. It
Is understod she Is doing war work
In the special organization known as
the Circle of Negro War Relief.
When she lived in this city she held
positions in two of the leading schools
of the city, while Capt. Boutee was
proprietor of the Northside Pharma
cy. Mrs. Boutte's headquarters are at
"What's in a name?" EVERYTHING!
"Ill wounds may b cured bat not lU names"
"A famous nams will never die"
"Nothing succeeds like success"
For over eighty years, Palmer's "Skin Success"
Ointment has made a great name for itself, as
a cure for most forms of skin troubles. It is the
WARNING 1 Ctor Trade-Mark "Skin Success"
is being used by others, evidently to deceive our
friends. Let them BEWARE; we shall prosecute
them to the fullest extent of the law.
Look for our name and address on every pack
age of Palmer's "Skin Success" Ointment and
The Morgan Drug Company
1512 Atlantic Avenue Brooklyn, New York
OR. NC MUC. l. A. iOXMSON, HRLS. ANO VICE
PHIS. JOHNSON'S SCHOOL. OF IE4UTV CULTURE.
THE SCHOOL OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE.
of Mrs. B. II. January, who departed
her life in Chicago, 111.
Just one month ago today,
Since my dear wife went away,
A shock severe, a day most sad,
God called her away.
There are griefs that cannot find com
furts. And wounds that cannot be healed;
There are sorrows so deep ia the
They cannot be half revealed.
A heart that is deeply crushed.
B. II. January and Ben Helm
Januray, Son, 5224, Dearborn
street, Chicago, 111.
430 Bth avenue. She has Just sent
messages to a number of friends
over the city, saying she was doing
her bit in war work.
Thanksgiving was observed bv thn
"hurdies. Thanksgiving sermon at
yuinn Lhmapel A. M. E. Church by
the pastor, Rev. A. J. Itussel, and a
Thanksgiving dinner served from the
basement by the League. Services
also at II o'clock at the Baptist
Church. Sermon by the pastor, Rev.
J. P. Woodon and concluded with a
Xarpri -bin Pub ",iau in jndrts
imi ijv ui iMUHuvue sijeni me noiiaays
at home visiting parentis, Mr. and
Mrs. Frank Kirby. Rev. and Mrs.
Hampton entertained Mr. and Mrs.
Dudley Kirby of Nashville, at a six
o'clock dinner Saturday. Those pres
ent: Mr. and Mrs. Kirby, Rev. and
Mrs. Russell, Misses Hazol Montgom
ery of Nashville, and S. L. Hodgklns
of Clarksville. After a very appro
priate program rendered at the pub
lic school building Wednesday, Nov.
27th, at 11 o'clock, the three most
advanced grades served dinner, hav
ing arranged for it in a very system
atic way. The occasion was very en
joyable. Mr. IlarvesB Mannings died
nt the home of his daughter, Mrs.
Laura Wright. His funeral was from
the home and interment at Maple
wood cemetery December 3, 1918.
Remember the date, December 11th,
Miss Francis Galloway, a postgradu
ate of the Chicago Musical College
will render a program at Quinn Chap
el A. M. E. Church In the Interest of
the public school.
BETHLEHEM 'HOUSE NEWS.
The Mothers' Community Club
gave the Settlement, Bethlehem
House a lovely shower of kitchen u
tenslls on last Monday evenng. Plans
were so well laid by Mrs. P. R. Bur
rus that the kitchen is now well sup
plied. Committjees were appointed as fol
Program Mrs. Julia Williams, Mrs.
J. C. Caldwell, Miles Rosa1 Breeden.
Membership Mrs. Geo. Anderson,
Mrs. Wm. Spencd.
Music Mrs. G. C. ColweU, Mrs. F.
Butler, Mrs. Lillian Harris.
Samltatlon Mrs. P. R. Burrus, Mrs.
Annie Alford, Mrs. Mattle Topper,
Mrs. Beulah Sims, Mrs. Nora Webb,
Mlrs. Mary Gey.
"An Evening with Games" was the
subject of the proram for the even
ing. Miss Breeden was In charge.
Two papers on "Pay" and Its value
to the human race were rend by
Miss Mattle Topp and Mrs. Tennle
MraTBurrus then gave a reading
wich contributed much to the fun of
tfie evening. Games were then play
ed which all seemed greatly to en
joy. Mrs. Simsv' the House Mother,
then served refreshmeits.
Next Monday evening Is to be an
experience meeting, giving every
member a chamce to tell what the
Community Club means to her.
Miss Lillian Harrison will give the
REV. J. P. Roui.soo.N, D. D.,
Of Little Rock, Ark., a member of Hm ePace Commission,
the Unincorporated National Baptist Convention.
At the close of the Students' Army Training Corps work, that
is by December 14, Hampton Institute will organize classes for
men who can meet the school's regular entrance requirements.
An opportunity is offered ambitious and serious students, who
have been unable on account of the war to come to Hampton, to
do eight months of work in five months.
Information and also application blanks will be furnished by
Major Allen Washington, Commandent of Cadets, Hampton In
JAMES E. GREGG, Principal.
Nashville Man Freed
Suffered for Months With Bronchial
Trouble, He Says Used Lung-Vita
No One Should Suffer When
There Is Such a Medicine, He Feels. I
"I have had a severe cough caused.
I think, by a bronchial trouble for
months," said Mr. A. G. Bostlck. Sr.. i
who lives at C01 South Ninth street,!
Nashville, Tenn. "While the cough !
itself did not hurt me It would cause I
mv Vtrlif oiia tn nolM tf tt 1
long at a time.
"One night the cough was worse
than usual and I started taking Lung
Vita, having found part of a bottle In
the house. I finished this bottle and
one other that I bought and the cough
Is gone and I have not had the pain
in my chest for some time. Lung-
Vita sure did me good and although
I am not taking It now I am still rec
ommending it to my friends and am
glad to do so, for I think that no one
should suffer when there Is such a
valuable medicine to be had at such
a reasonable price."
Your druggist or dealer should
handle Lung-Vita, hut if he won't
supply you write Nashville Medicine
Co., Nashville, Tenn., for free booklet.
BAPTIST WOMEN OF CITY TO
RAISE FIVE THOUSAND.
Woman's Educational League Formed
in This City to Boost Theolqglcal
and Training1 Seminary,
With a slogan of "Five Thousand
Dollars for Religious Defense and Ed
ucational Redemption, not a Dime
for Criticisms;" with a motto, "The
Day of Nickles and Dimes Is Past,
Think In Dollars by tho Thousands,"
the liaptist. Woman's Educational
League swung into existence this
week with a full roster of officers,
executive committee, publicity com
mittee and advisory board, known as
colonels. This organization is made
up of some of the best Baptist work
ers among the women of the state.
It is their plan to put on a whirlwind
campaign touching every organization,
every church, every missionary soci
ety and ewry individual in Tennessee
and to report within the next ninety
days not less than five thousand dol
lars, which Is the goal set. Literature!
Is already in the course of prepara
tion and every member of the organ
ization seems to be on the alert so
that the entire machinery of this
Baptist Woman's Educational League
will be turning at the same time with
the supreme task of the five thousand
before them. Already the women of
Tennessee have been working Jointly
with the men in the interest of their
theolo.eical and training seminary, but
from this movement it would appear
they are forging to the front. At the
Baptist Ministers' Conference on
Monday morning the full plan was set
before the ministers by Mrs. Cora
Jordan White. This received the
unanimous endorsement of the Con
ference of more than forty Baptist
churches of the ,clty through their
representatives in this organization,
pledging their hearty support to the
movement. The officers are as fol
lows: Executive Committee: Mrs.
Cora Jordan White, chairman; Mrs.
D. 'A. Ferguson, Murfreesboro, Tenn.,
secretary; Mrs.-A. Drenum, Symrna,
Tenn., treasurer; Mrs. M. Williams,
Clarksville, Tenn.; Mrs. A. Elliott,
Advisory Committee: Rev. J. L.
Harding, President State Convention,
chairman; Rev. J. C. Harding, mod
erator Nashville CItv Assochtlon: T.
A. Brown, Stone River Association;
Rev. P. D. Dennis, Cumberland River,
ri .. t
,-'. v., s
A MESSAGE FROM DEPARTMENT
(Continued from Page 4.)
Economics, has had to travel thouT
sands of miles for these conferences
and meetings in these stites besides
the olllce work at Washington.
in this connection, it may be well
to point out that many questions
upon which the assistance of the De
partment has been asked were mat
ters that extended to the jurisdiction
oi otner liovernmental departments
and to the Jurisdiction of private citi
zens. In such cases the officials of the
Department of Labor have done their
best to get results. In some cases
they have not succeeded. But in all
cases the Negro wage-earners may
feel assured that the Department has
done its best and stands ready to
serve them as far as it is able. Now
that the reconstruction problems are
upon us, naturally all workers, Ne
groes included, are asking what will
oe tne suDstantial gains for them aa
a result of the war. It Is too early for
the wisest to predict. But we may
ue sure mat we are not going back
to the old pre-war conditions, but for
ward to better things".
So far as the Department of Labor
is concerned, the Secretary has Just
appointed a committee to outline new
policies that the demoblizatlon and
reconstruction work may be as effec
tively done as the war work of the
Department has been. Mr. Louis P.
Post, Assistant Secretary, is chair
man of that committee. Recently in
speaking of the work with Negro
wage-earners and their employers,
Mr. Post said:
"We have been much gratified at
the response of Negro wng-eaners
and their representatives in all parts
of the country to our efforts to give
them a voice and r part In the great
responsibility of all workers of thq
nation In the War Labor program.
We have been equally gratified at
the liberal co-operative attltudo and
fiction of white employers and white
workmen everywhere. Now that a
victorious peace for democracy Is be
fore us, and the problems and ques
tions of reconstruction, as thev re
late to the interests of wage-earners,
will follow In the wake of the war,
'tho Department of Labor will look
to the NVgro workers of the nation
with confidence that thev will give
similar support to the efforts of the
Dopartment through the Director of
' Negro Economics, to promote their
interests along with those of all other
Negro workers have gained a sub
stantial advance In occunatlon In both
lndustrv and agriculture during the
war. Three things are neoessary for
them to hold these gains and advance
to others: 1. All together thev need
to be alert to deliver the' goods equal
to the other fellows1 and a little more
for .good measure. 2. Again, they
need to choo3e carefully unselfish
representatives to present their cause
at the council table and not tolerate
those who try to use the present sit
uation for selfish ends
South Kentucky and Middle Associa
tion; T McCord, E. Fork Association;
Rev. A. R. Evans, Smith Fork; J. B.
Ridley. Maurv Countv Association;
Rev. C. II. Manlove. Plnev River As
sociation; B. F. Hall, Yellow Creek
Publicity Committee: Rev. H. A.
Boyd, chairman: Mrs. J. L. Harding,
Rev. T .A. Brown.
Committee on Professional Men:
Mrs. J. Blaine Boyd, chnlman.
Committee Colored Business Men:
Miss Sadie Wilson, cha'rman. -
Committee White RuVness Men:
Mrs. T'leanor Pattle- Bolton.
"Colonels:" Mrs. R. H Bovd Mrs.
A. V. Marshall. Mrs. Octavla Elklns.
Mrs. Elmlra Moore. Mrs. Lena
Thomas, Miss Ada C. Morgan. , v
- ' K r - a
. larW h a