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The Nashville globe. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1906-193?, December 27, 1918, Image 4

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- NASHVILLE GLOBE, FRIDAY DECEMBER 27. 1918.
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Jixci-gni COMPANY
.-rro!!. Mia as)
-i"l'n,,?T,0"t,M Juary It. I9W
tlx Act ol Conccsa ol Muck 1 UTS.
No Botio taken ol annoiiymou. contribution,
a-BsofiriioNS w advancl
2rt:i-. ?
tint MtM .
Go ..
Motity tht ollice hn ton fail to get your paper.
ADVERTISING RATK ailNJSHtt ITON APPUMIWN
5 cents per line each insertion.
10 cents per line lor each insertion (in Mack face)
dvertisini copy should be in the office not
later than a. nu. TucsJy ol each week.
TO IK PIBIIC.
Any erroneous reflections upon the character
standing or reputation of any person, firm or cot-
KVhvIm KCnnaXppcf,rJn ,he,colu,: '"' of
NASH ILLh QLOBh will be gladly Corrected un-
on being brought to the attention ol Ute nunai:e
mcnt.
Send correspondence lor publication so as to
reach! he otlke Monday. No matter intended lor
current isu which arrive as 1 ite a Thursday cm
appear in that number, as Tf.uisd.iy is ptcssdjy
All news sent us for publication must be written
only on one side oltlte paper, and should be ac
companied by the name ol the contributor rot
necessarily lor publication, but as evidence ol good
uitn.
MEMBER
NATIONAL NEGRO PRESS
ASSOCIATION
Nashville, Tenru. Doc. 27, 'IS
INJUSTICE TO TIIK COI.DRKO
RACE A DANGEROUS M EN'ANCE
TO THE WELFARE AND A11
VANCEMEXT OF THE AMERI
CAN WHITES.
crushing this tlansrcnuis evil, is per-1
plexing ns well as appall in;;, and is
enough to force at least some alert
minds to act in bt'half of duty in
oBcring some adjusting solution. Of i
course, the colored man has many
faults, and I am not savins; that he i
has any less faults than the white'
man; but the related cowardly prac-1
tices, unjust and mean policies direct-1
ed against his welfare rather en-'
courage by aggravation than remedy
or diminish his faults and this fact
is plainly evident to the white man,!
too. j
With party ami sectional reference. ;
now; the described evil is not a mat-,
ter that should concern the North
any more or less than the South, or
one political party any more than the
other. Party or sectional difference
should not effect either our national
or respective racial welfare, in the
least. Of course, evidently, it does,:
since we know that this is the origin-j
al base of some of the evils my ar-,
gunient refers to. Hut my point is
that the situation should lie iiiiineil-;
lately and forcibly adjusted jointly!
by all wakeful Americans irrespective
making the effort a systematic one
f of race, party, location or social rank,
with object of precautionary disci
pline for the good of all, instead of
mere precise critisism directed at cer
tain elements and resulting in mere
argumental excitement, confusion
' ami Intensified hate. Here we must
remember that there are and always
will be good and wise as well as mean
and foolish people In every race,
party, social rank and living locality,
and that the proper adjustment of
the situation related principally,
therefore, is to abuse and suppress
evil sentiment and stimulate one of
justice and unity (friendly relation
. ship) the country over. A final de
fence of this point is the fact that we
know it is purely non-sense to try
to contest such evident and impor
tant facts as related herein. Why
"kick against the thorns" of justice
to destroy them when the scythe of
justice works so easily and effective
ly? Just this one more little reference
and I will conclude until 1 am more
prepared for a more defined article
on these matters in near future.
Above all agencies, the press !s re
sponsible for the conditions I have
related. Next to the press. In refer
red to respect, ranks the moving pic
ture. In recent years the public, we
might say internatonally, has been
guided by the press. Because it acts
authoritively as the direct spokes
man of diplomats, industries all keen
witted intellectual authorities, makes
it the most dangerous agency to
human welfare if used tor deceptive
or otherwise wrong purposes and the
most safe and beneficial agency if
used as It should be used. It would
be stern surprise to many good motiv
ed American whites if they could be
correctly informed as to extent to
which mention of merits, rights, pro
gress and due Importance of the
American colored race has been care
fully avoided by the particularly
United States) press; and how,
meantime, the press generally has
carefully exhibited and emphasized
every little error of the colored race
or a member ot it. This is as un
wise as it is unjust, since It deceives
many and hurts every one and ben
efits no one. Hate, deceit, envy and
prejudice are the base evils, and the
white man's weakness in resisting
these sentimental evils Is food for the
rapid growth ot this evil press policy.
Or course, there are some exceptions
as to honest publications in referred
to respect, but such are so rare that
Very little is effected thereby upon
' the great public masses generally in
respect of the colored race. The mov
ing picture, although somewhat un
like the press as a public observatory
point of view, has kept exact pace
with the press, through combined
medium of the various associated
news and films services, in totally
neglecting, ot embarrassing misrepre
senting, or else keeping the colored
races in the extreme background.
This is as unwise and unjust as the
press methods described, for same
reasons related respecting the evil
and foolish press policy.
For God and humanity sake, fel
low citizens, let us save our future
generations from unnecessary blood
shed and protect our present Interest
and peace by putting an end to these
dangerous and profitless evils before
it is too late. My thus humble and
earnest Appeal is to all, since we all
are one, or else we are far from that
which some of us boast that we are
as a nation. I expect to devote my
'-. future efforts to Inventions and wrlt-
lngs for benefit of humanity, not for
any particular race except in-so-much
ii
confer or com muni.
CT-tth ny party or medium on
aubiect matter above related, or any
point thereof, or any other matter
that I am prepared to discuss
EVANS PAUL HARRIS.
Student Sciences, Practical Designer
and Draftman.
Study Rooms, 179 Braddock Park.
Boston, Mass. Telephone: (Boston)
Back Bay 7013-J.
Memphis. Tenn., Dec, 21. (De
layed in Transcription.) (Special to
Nashville Globe.) At the closing ses
sion of the Ministers Institute on
"After the War Problem," held at
Avery Chapel A. M. E. Church, Dec.
win and 17th, under the auspices of
rhn"ai .K"fea,Jiu..i?fi'M.. address asking for war" with
k. "l l"0these immortal words
uciuie au buuience or 3,UUU peO'
Pie, Hon. Erumett O'Xeal, ex-governor
of Alabama, said: "The true spirit of
democracy sets Us face like a flint
against all forms of mob violence and
lynch law. The sentence of Judge
Lynch violates every rule of law of
order and justice. Lynch law is a
misnomer it is lynch lawlessness and
murder. There is but one law in this
country and to whih we all owe al
legiance, and that is the law admin
istered by tho orderly processes ot
the courts. Whorever any persons,
however grout their numbers or re
spectable their character, put to
death bv mob violence any citizen of
this country or any foreteller enjoy,
ing the protection of our laws, th
act is none the less murder, however
I'agrant or odiois may be the crime
for which punishment is inilirtol.
Lynch law always Increases t'.'.e
crime wlilch it seeks to prevent, and
whatever may be the crimp or what
tver tnav be the motive uhiih incit-s
n-o'i violence, i! but tends to weaken
ail t (i:isl it :t . ,1 authority, to breed a
sfiiri: of lawlessness and lower the
moral tone of tb. community."
(iovortinr O'Neal's speech follows:
"The True Spirit of Democracy."
.Members of tho ministers' Institute
mid l'ollow-Citi.eiis:
"I appri elate the compliment dime
me by your tra-ions Invitation to ad
dress s;i distinguished a body of my
ft How-citizens, Through the inllu
eiue of the spirit of democracy we
are nil fellow-citizens regardless of
race or creed -all Americans, loyal
to lwr traditions and proud of her
splendid record in peace and war.
"Over half a ceniy ago 'Lincoln
declared that the republic could not
endure half free and half slave and
through the final arbitrament of
arms slavprv died and the re-public
endured. We all recognize now that
flirting!) tho dispensations of an in
scrutable providence, tho silont but j
mighty forces of donitv-raey. slavery
I was overthrown, and from, its ruin i
arose the greatest republic: of all
titles, whoso mteht ami power wore
tl' sli'ici! bv Col to save civilization
ami humanity in tho most titanic war '
in history from the new barbarism,
.from the our-e of autocracy ami tin
scriionlous miii'nry power. j
! "Had the inmost purposes of the
'South tint been crossed and iter brave
, armies beaten and t!ie American i on-
"i''t adjudged by higher wisdom than
our own, and the American union
savnd.by tile storm or war. fodav con
itinortnl Europe would 1' under lh
niastorv of Gorman autocracy, ami
tlv triumphant march of deniocracv
chocked now ami possibly for all
!timo.
"Under the providence of f'.od, tho
American union was saved, that at
the most critical period of the world's
his'ory, when civilization and human
liberty liuii-r in the balance in the
most colossal war of all tim-o, the in
; comparable mteht. power and strength
jof 'his great republic cou'al be thrown
into the ranks of free men in lime
id turn the whole tide anil sweep of
.the fatal siru'lo, to chock the vic
jtoiious rush of Gorman invasion, and
send them reeling backward always
ilia kvvaid until autocracy was ovor
i thrown and democracy made trimuph
lunt ami safe in the world.
It is difficult for us to realize that
into the last four and a half years
have been crowded the most momen
tous events in all human history; i
thrones have toppled tho three most ,
powerful and autocratic dynasties of
Europe haev been overthrown, and
with their fall kings and princes of
smaller states have disappeared, flee
ing lor their lives to enutral sta'es.
Subject races, whose aspirations for
self determlnation and free local
self-government, have for centuries
been crushed by the weight of arbi
trary power, are emerging from the
dark night of misrule and tyranny
Into the bright dawn of the new free
dom tor which they had hoped and
prayed to long that hope had almost
turned li.to despair!
"At last over a new Europe the im
mortal declasation of Jefferson is
about tc be realized, that all Just gov
ernment derives its powers from the
consent of the governed.
This day in history is but the cul
mination of events that have been
slowly gathering since the fall of the
Roman empire two thousand years
ago. 'When Home fell the world
fell;" no organized government re -
mainod; but slowly through the dark
niuht of the centuries that followed
trihun ui.m f,.rmort tntn iHnr,in,a
and kinednms into natioiiH hut no -
where was the right of the people to i "eds, the white man, the yellow j tc to every principle of democracy,
exercise a controlling voice in gov-1 man' tne black man- Btooa shoulder ' u 3 the reign of license and lawless
eminent recognized. Men fought and tH Blloull1i;r 111 the fiSht for liberty; ne9S a despotism more complete and
died for liberty, but it was that lib-
erty which came not as a right but
as ii boon from the grace of the sov-
orelrtn. Even when the barons met
at Tliinnymedn and exacted from
King John tho great charter, the
ancient rights and privileges which
they claimed, it was conceded, came
not as n right but as a boon from the
tiraco of the king. Slowly In nil
countries, through parliaments and
assemblies, the people came to exer
cise greater power in .government;
but It was not until the Colonies, in
the immortal deelaratio'h, announcing
the dot trine that all governments de
rived their just powers from the con
sent of the governed, did the triumph
ant, march ot democracy really corn-
nience. It was a new and startling
doctrine and one that made insecure
every throno in Europe, the tleclara -
tion that rights and liberties of the
riHonlB were derived not from the
grace or clemency of kiilgs and em-
porors. nut came trom tne innerent
sovereignty of the people themselves.
"While the growth of democracy
was foreshadowed Dv the Britfsn.
stiuzgle of crown and barons-
-the
inagna charta' the declaration
r'"hts. yet its real beginning was in
the American Declaration of Inde-
pendence and the gradual acceptance
by the world of the new but funda-
mental doctrine it announced, that all
government derived its Just powers
Vom the consent of the governed
vua m,w -uu tr i. w VI iUB Ol 11 .
S"SInce that time the spirit of de-
KST' JiSf JIC! in. tne old
world, permeating the whole cast
mass o! society, lighting the torch
Which Dreciuitated the vut pnnfltm.
juon ot the French revolution, etrlk -
tag down the shackles of privilege
u tcuuanom ouu rcufi.uus luioier- -ai party uas au organlzatlou to
nee. and gathering the powe.-ful j carry out certain welleflned policies
forces which culminated In the moat and controlled by certain well-cou-titanic
war ot history In which de ,sidered principles; and we too gen
mocracy and autocracy engaged in erally agreed that the party platform
a death grapple for mastery. In that aws a something with which to win
fulfill atrophia tthan milni.m. n n .1 nt l i . i . .
oa-. usuw.a uu ;
unscrupulous military power had;
ucmuu.i.7 DOTiuou uuumeu, cfuie an me powers ot the federal govern
that most pre-eminent day in Amerl- ment, with its selective service law
can history, on the 2nd ol April, 1917, jits espionage act. the regulation and
the president ot the United States 1 control of all nubile utiiitw9 ami h.
came before an extraordinary session
of romrrpss iinri np,irt hi. mam.
"'It is a fearful thing to lead
this great peaceful people into
war, into the most terrible and
disastrous of all awrs, civilization
itself seeming to be in the bal
ance. But the right is more pre
cious than peace and we shall
fight for the things which we have
always carried nearest our hearts
for democracy, for the right of
those who submit to authority to
have a voice in their own govern
ments, for the rights and liberties
of small nations, for a universal
dominion of right by such a con
cert of free people as shall bring
peace and safety to all nations
and make .the world itself at last
free.'
"These words will live because they
condense in a few sentences the liv-1
ing spirit of democracy.
"Yet tho peace and security we
have gaii.ed lias been at a fearful
ost. Tho loss ami destruction of life
and property can 1m.' approximately
tstimaU'ii; but who can compute how
icuch .the arts, the Silences, poetry,
li'j-rat'.ire. phijo-ophy and the prog
iess of civilization have suffered by
the sudden passage of millions of
brave spirits from the light and
beamy of life to the oblivion of
death:
" 'Short hours ago they lived.
Felt dawn, saw sunset's glow.
Loved and were loved
And now they lie In Flanders'
fields.
and in many a nameless crave marked
by rude crosses on the battlefields of
ICurope anil Asia.
"Who but God can toll how much
of nonius, of poetry, ot philosophy,
of human wisdom and learning, how
much of the promise of future great
ness, was prematurely lost to the
world? Anion? their nameless graves
' homo muto inglorious .Milton there i triune response ot the people to i assimilation means debasement. She
may "" ., , , ,. I Liberty Loans, the lted Cross, themust carrv tUem , e(ua, ju8tice, for
borne (romwcll guiltless of his coun-jw Icctive service law, the unity of to ,his slje is plodwd in honor and
trys blood, purpose am splendid spirit of co-; Kratitule.' The South must carrv
Some man destined to the applause operation which permeated all sec-;tll(Rp two races t0 ti10 pn,i for nu
of listening seiii-tos to command.' ; lions of the country, aroused and j8chonu,8 of colonization and'mlgration
et irom all this holocaust of , brought into being a stronger and the establishment of separate
ldood will come reinvigorated r;tces ; more intense spirit of national patrl- t-its for the Negro race are but vis
a fre-r. more democratic K.irone ; otism than the country had ever ex- ionarV dreama.' Moreover, the South
whoso people, relieved from the bend-j porioncod in its history. would not give up the Nogro if it
age of thus rule, will nave a voice "Ulien democracy was in dam-er Lmll(1. nut. mv fiends, there Is one
m the governments by whom tney ,e began lor the first time to fully fact j historv which in justice
are tonirolled. It is the history of 'appreciate the blessings of fiee gov-1 s'houll be recalled It was New Rn-th-
race that only by the cautery ofjeimment it had brought our people :jand that soW'her "slaves to the South
rntums come, the resurrection and; and the whole country rallied as one.a), introduced slavery in our section,
tlm higher and nobler lite. -man to the battle cry of the presi-; Tlmt fihe reaped a h"an,i80mo profit
Hi.; armi-the has rung down th. dent that the world must be made f.om the transaction none can de-iv;
curfun on the first and bloodiest act ; safe for democracy. !that she repented of tho evil which
m the great drama of the race. Hie. Meaning of Democracy. !sl,o had done and first clamored for
curtain is now rii:ig on the second 'pt ,i,.Mioir:ic iinM'nnt iKin thP ni.Mitinn ta t,.n rtut noitiioi. w
act the peace conf'r'mco,
upon
whose deliberations depend the fiitur
ct' tho world. May t ho true spirit of
democrat y, of justice tempered by
mercy and free from the stain of that
vi ngemco. seliishtiess and hale that
so v tho seeds of future war, guide
lln count its and control the dcli'i 'ra
tions of that great conference. Kr m
the ashes of de.-,triii tion of the world's
war may a now Kuropa I'hoonix-iike
aiise, from tho hearts of whose rulers
and people tho lust of conquest, of
all eovctousncss anil seltishnes-i ha-;
been pureed, dedicate 1 to all the arU
of peace anil the advancement of civ
ilization. Mav the forces of humanity,
compelled to unite to crush the power
of evil, be crystallized into a world
fraternity, insuring a just and dura -
ble peace and the universal reign of
Justice and riszht.
From all this welter of blood, suf
fering ami agony of the most terri
ble and disastrous of all wars, come
truths stand out in bold relief. From
all our sacrifices has come to America
a neewr, a deeper and stronger na-
! tiollal spirit-a more patriotic unity
aid co-operation a wider and wiser
humanity. Jew, pratestant, catholic
have fought side by side, recognizing
no distinction of person, of faith, of
creed, of pedigree. As companions in
arms in the presence of the eternal
verities of life and death, those men
who went over the top did not stop
to consider race or creed, the only
test being courage and loyalty to the
flag. With a catholic priest reading
to a dying protestant soldier from a
Methodist hymnal; with a Protestant
bishop carrying a rosary; with a
Jewish rabbi holding the cross to the
lips of a dying Catholic soldier1 who
can say that this war has not cleared
the air of confusing differences of
!uonne ana freea,ana DroKen aown
tne walls ot ;"k1ous bigotry which
, has 80 lonS cursed mankind with its
narrowness of vision, Ita intolerance
' and selfishness? All. races and
allu 110 nlan ta" uen-v lnal lno eSrolmore cruel than autocratic power,
ra!e measure measure up in
Patriotism, in courage, in loyalty, to
;
the full demands of American citizen-
, 8llin'
National Conscience.
"Prior to the war there was a lack
or national conscience, a virile na -
tional patriotism. We" accepted with -
j cut question or investigation the
claim that ours was the best and
treest of all governments. We were'p.n Termer oppressers and wrong- nothing so cheap as education. If 'not the masters of the people; a gov
pruud of our enormous resomces, our doers, but all the former ohnm"ions the Negro rce is kept in ignorance ernment not subject to the changing
vaBt territory. Its wonderrul Indus-
trial .growth, its increasing popula -
tion and ewalth. We were more con -
cerned with solving the problems of
state and city governments than in!
tho activities of the federal govern-
ment. xne government; ar. wasning -
ton was something vague and far j
1 away and with which we came into
'contact only when we paid taxes or
elected congressmen and presidents. '
We were stalwart partizans and want
eu our party 10 couiroi government,
' principally that we might share the
1 distribution of offices. Success in the
elections was tne main consideration.
If the democratic party which bad
of opposed summary laws declared' for
prohibition, or if it abandaned states
rights and favored centralization, the
ordinary democratic voter was still
a democrat. If the republican party
abandoned the protective tariff and
declared for a tariff for revenues only,
andthe party
: to the party's principles, we lave our
;hrst allegiance, with the result that
' thnra no- tnn li,i . j
idence, freedom ot thought or action
'we overlooked the fact that a pol.U-
v.cwuu auu iu w auaaaoneu wnen
victory was won. With the advent
i assumption of authority to resrulata '
f.i i " . " L i? 'eguldt8 i
ioou. cunning, neat and light, and
other war measures, we came for the
first time to realize how far-reaching
and extensive were the powers of the
government. State governments were
forgotten and all our thoughts and In
terests were concentrated on the ac
tivities of the government at Washing
ton. Nothing else mattered but win
ning the war, and the people cheer
fully and without protest submitted
to the centralization iu the president
of powers as absolute and dictatorial
as could be exercised by the most
autocratic government. It has been
claime 1 that democracy was impotent
in war because the power necessary
for Its ellicient conduct could not be
concentrated in our commander-in-chief.
It was true that if the ores).
... ,,. ..
dent could only exorcise in war tho
. , muu i mil, mo nai ia cimc I uv uiiu
powers sted in him in peace that can deny that the Negro race bv its
here would have been that lack of pn,riolic action, by its courage, its
unity ot command, that prompt and ioy:lity to the dag. Its generous con
wgorous executive action as essential trihutions of Liberty Loans. Led
in war. it was a tribute to our sys-jt.ross fumls and other war activities,
urn ot constitutional government, to ha3 earned and won a higher place
us flexibility and adaptability to : than ever before in the confidence
lllOOt changing Conditions that Con- Inn 1 tb, vnannnt niirl Cv,n..ll,v nf fl,
mum, iiiiuui wtiiuiiug any pro-;
vision ot the tedoral
constitution.
vest in the president ami commander-in-chief,
while the nation was con
fronted with the emergency of war,
powers as supreme nnr as complete
as those exercised by tho most auto
cratic ruler. And congress, voicing
tiio
no demands of public opinion, con-
iired those vast and extensive
powt-rs on the president, with the full
l'"M,usmM utt'i u.ey woiiu not ue
.iH i. u ms soie.y 10 pro-,ltg
! toot the public interests, the success
fill prosecution of the war, and that
when tho emergency ceased they
would be surrendered and transferred
i back to the people from which tbev
came. The promptness with which
congress passed every measure de
manded by the president for the
Miccrosllll commit. Ol Ute War, Hie pa -
tinrostricted rub! of the numerical
majority. Tho absolute power of the jor understand the strong ties of sym
majotitv utitier our system is re- p:i!by, of friendship and affection
strained ami limited by restrictions which have united the two races.'
on legislative power, by the bill of The South would not if it could re
rights and other provisions found in store that condition from which the
both federal and state constitutions.
The bill of rights conferred on the
citizen fundamental rights and privi-
leges which government cannot in-
vado. Such are the rights of trial
by a jury, the right to personal liberty
and private property according to
tho law of the land, the writ of habeas
corpus, the right to bear arms, the
provision that excessive bail shall not
be required, nor excessive fines im -
j p(ise( nor crnel aml unus,,at punish -
j mnnt mulcted, as well as the guaran -
ltepa of the free,iom of speech, of the
press, and against unlawful searches
and seizures. They constitute a
shield of protection of the individual
citizen against arbitrary and irrespon-
sible power; and all thesp rights and
muniments of free men are summed
up in the Declaration found in the
Blxtii and fourteenth amendments to
tut Constitution that "oN person
property without due process of law
shall be deprived of life, liberty,
or denied the equal protection of the
Laws.' Ours is not a mere democra
cy in the sense that the people act
directly in the affairs ot government.
On the contrary, it is a constitutional
democracy based on the representa
tive principle. A government by the
numerical majority, without the re
strictions and limitations of a writ
ten constitution, would soon degen
erate into tyranny and oppression.
The tyranny of the mob has been
proven in the French revolution and
in the recent Russian revolution to
be more cruel than the tyrany of
kings and czars. (The rule of democ
racy means representation and pro
tection of all classes. The present
Bolshevik government in Russia, as
well as the Bolshevik movement now
snreadins over Enrone. Is anta"onls
whl(,h l9 us-sequel. The Bolshevik
nl0Vement is based on the theory that
ono rhlB aione must rule and must
rob and murder and destt-ov every
1 other class. Tt utterlv repudiates the
fundamental theory of democracy in
- which every mnn is guaranteed the ion confined to the common schools,
! equal protection of the laws. The ',a9 Deen disproven by the stern loglq
Polsheviki In Russia 'have not only'or history and experience. There is
' plundered and oppressed ImpartiaUy nothing so costly as ignorance and
and advocates of liberty, as well as
iall others who did not accept their
' theories.' The doctrine of the Bol-
! cheviki, ns iiliiat-ated bv the actual
practice in Russia, is that every man
nf thrift and industry who has amass-
ed anv property or who nas acquireri
any education or who even wot?
decent c'othe should b- robbed and
k!l'ed. Ten times the bloodshed and
rilsgrap of the French revolution has
- followed In R"ssla under its rule, and
unless cnerKeu witn exerminaie.au
the progressive. i"tellctunl and de-
cent citi'enshH of that emnire. The
; on'v wa" to, d"ai wrn tnese mur-
derers and savage doctrinnaires is as
Mr Tapt has wiselv said, to use law-
f.j fnre against unlawful force ana
shoot Bolshevism out of Russia and
the world wlb machine guns.
The Peictlve Service Law.
' When through the murder of its ctt-
iwns, the destruction of its property,
C "e w'erT ffi
forfeit our national honor and respect,
we were the least prepared of all the
great nations ot the world. Our army
and navy were both utterly Inade
quate whan measured by the require
ments of modern war. Hence our
first task was to creat ean army com-
i mensurate with our prestige as a na-
tion, and the question immediately !
arose whether that army should be'
created by the draft or the volunteer
system. After weeks ot debate the
law based on the democratic theory
of equality, .the duty of every man
within military age to defend in war ;
the country that protected him in!
peace. The selective service law
S!!!T.i.V t. 8,lecuve s07
recoRnized no race or oreed.
Many .'
predicted that it would he resisted j
and that it was contrary to the spirit !
of, our Institutions, but all these dire I
predictions were proven to be un-1
founded. At the time of its passage ;
we were confronted with an armed !
foe; our flag was on the firing line, I
would it bedefended? And the an- j
swer came when, on the 10th of June, f
1917, between the rising and setting 1
of the sun, in a country over three '
thousand miles in extent, with over
one hundred millions of population.
Urn million young Americans stepped j
from the ranks of private life and en-
rolled themselves in the military ser-!
vice of the country. This was the '
answer to democracy and autocracy.
Among those millions none responded
iillll sj lu.ailj lll.lll tllf LUlUlU UtUU,
,i i,o
country.
The Duty of the South:
Rut the war has not settled the
great problem which the South must
solve. What is its duty? it must
carry and continue to carry in its
borders two separate and distinct
races. It must carry them in peace
ln mirm0I)y and ln a spirit of mutual
co-operation, for discord and race en-
mity would be disastrous to both
races, Tne wlllte rac0 by reason of
Kreatcr numbers, a more mineral
diffusion of education and wealth, a
race accustomed for centuries to self
government, is the stronger race, and
it owes to the Nesro that even and
exact justice which the strong man
should always accord to the weak. As
declared years ago by that brilliant
son of the South, Henry Grady, 'She
,0 f..,vr.. Iheoo , onnaratnUr fnr
l-mgland nor the North can appreciate
Netiro was righteously freed. When
the shackles were strut k from
u;un n " i i o on hi n ii win um
limbs of the Negro race the South
was freed from a system to which
; she had been a slave a system which
put limitations on her progress and
. development. ' What of the Negro
.race? The most loyal and devoted
i friends I have ever possessed came
; from the men ami women of that
'race. The South will never forget
'that' when the men who followed Lee
and Johnston and fou.ght in the ar
mies of the South went to the front
they entrusted their helpless wives
and children to the custody of the
slaves and that, history has no paral-
lei to. the loyalty and good faith with
'which this trust was discharged.
Wlien my rather was at tne ironinjons who here dwelling side by side
fighting with Le and Johnston it
was a trusted blrk man and his wife
that stood sentinel at the door to pro
tect my mother and her helpless chil
dren; and through all the vicissitudes
and storms of war they discharged
that trust with a simple faith and
loyalty which will always keep their
names alive In the sacred recesses
of affectionate memory. And when
after years of awltlng freedom camej0
to the slaves, it came to a race with
out one single stain of disloyalty to
the great trust they bo faithfully dis
charged during the civil war.
The Race Problem.
"What then of the race problem
about which bo much has been writ
ten and spoken? It is being solved
and solved permanently and with such
Justice as is possible for the finite
mind by the good sense and the
friendly co-operation and the sympa
thy or both 'races. What then is the
duty of the South? It is, first, to ac
cord to the Negro under any and all
conditions the equal protection of
the law. It is, further, 10 share with
him justly and Impartially her edu
cational fund. . The old theory which
so many in the South honestly ad
ovcated, that the best interests of
both races would be promoted by
keeping the colored man in lenorance
;or giving him only a limited deuca
hv nn established Dolicy of the
Snu!h we musb not forget that the
interests of the white race will be
the first to be jeopardized. Living
with us side by side the weight of
that ignorance will have Rtrength to
,irar us down. Over one-mit or our
agricultural lands are cultivated by
the Ne?ro race, and he icontltntes
the princ'pM lahr in.ou" m'lls and
factories and industrial enterprises.
noes history record a single Instance
wnere a country nas ever rea&nea a.
high decree of progress, development '.
and prosperity where labo- Was un -
framed unskilled and steepen in lg-
norauee or underpaid? In all great
ppldemics where Is found the sotlilynch lawlessness and murder. There
wherein disease and pestilence are
, aulcklv brd te homes of the ig-
jnont and educated,
"Whit re the chief fruits of edu-
cnMn? Efficiency: that efficiency ot
which we have heard so much in
The ""Q" in QuSno
stands lor Quality
HERE THEY ARE: Not Something Merely To Crease
Your Head-Bat Scientifically Compounded Scalp Foods
To tost Scalp Diseases. , : : : :
QL'INO HAIR GROWBR
MuilutartJ tm nkt IrawakU aai
rav. kcra atkai raaiajiaa haa iaiUJ.
tlUINO aaa waa taa imy mm rriJ.v
a iriaaaa with taa azaaUaal naalta
aataiar. Priea SO aaala.
UVISO TBMPLE OIL
U aaa lar a aaaailia aaraaaa la raw
kair aa aala ItaiaUa. ta Uickaa Ilia kair
aa4 araaata ita travtk. Piiaa 75
acata,
(JCINO TETTER SALVE
.r raaarkakla aara lor kadly Jiaaaaaa'
aealaa. Na Bitter kaw akatiaala. tkia
anaaraliaa rraokra it. Priaa 75 aaata.
QIINO HAIRTONE
Tke tiaait ol Soala Foot. Notkiat aa
Ika aiarkrt kai hpra loaai that tkiakraa
tha kair aa auiollr and rapidly aa Hair
tone. 'a a wnaderful prrpa ti auaraa
iradta ka what wa alalia tor it. Price
$1.00
QUINO SHAMPOO SOAP
M.nolaptor.d rspi'ci.ll; or tha radt aad i. Our anil exor-llont
arlit'la lor Qu;o ouatoia.ra. Prioa 50 oaala. IS.nt only by -pro.a,
eharftra paid by luatoraora.
!. K... siml IrMi..a lltiir in ne
filing 'IVoatinu S-li IMmuiihcn i Miiolher.
St ii (jiiimi Aurnl mill fiutl out li fl fier
iicc. i
THE GANiT QUINO SCHOOL
t:tt FiM.ti HTie
NASHVILI.M.
We wish to thank our thousands of friends and
agents for tho very liberal patronage given QUINO dur
ing the past sear and hereby acknowledge with gratitude
the sup:)(.rt wich has come from all quarters. The vear
1918 has been the most prosperous year in our business
career. It mean v that the public has confidence in our
System and our products. QUINO will live up to its
motto in the future-1' BEST BY TEST."
MERRY CHRISTMAS-HAPPY NEW YEAR To ALL
The GANTTUINO SCHOOL OF BEAUTY CULTURE
Nashville, Tenn.
MRS. W. fl. GANTT, President
Wm. II. SHACKLEFORD, Se retard-Manager
late years; that efficiency which alone
enabled America to create and trans-,
tort successfully across three
u..ii miina nf ocpnn. hp.set with the
tt...v ,
hidden perils of mind and submarine,
millions of men and equipment, anu
, to throw her fresh strength into the
' struggle for liberty and to turn the
tide of battles.
"Let the white man and the black
man standing sldo by side, with
hearts from which have passed all
envy, hate and prejudice, go forward
iu amity and friendship and concord,
inspired by the same" iduls and
aspirations to solve Justly the mighty
problems of the future. Let the only
rivalry between the races ' be that
generous rivalry to best promote the
, retKn 0f Justice and righteousness, of
peace and concord, among the mil-
should all be inspired by a common
purpose to transmit unimpaired to our
children and our children's children
the blessings Qf liberty regulated by
law.
"When the very life of the nation
was at stak ln some sections of our
country there were a few who raised
the red flag of treason and disloyalty;
some who had enjoyed the protection
0ur free institutions would substi-
tute for tho Stars and Stripes the red
flag of anarchy and, the Bolshevikl.
Yet it can be said to the everlasting
credit of the Negro race that they
were never infected by the poison of
German propaganda, that they affili
ated with no leagues or organizatolns
seeking to overthrow an established
authority of advocating international
ism or the bloody code of murder and
robbery of the Bolshevlki and similar
organizations.
"Those who advocate liberty -without
order, or order 'without liberty,
misinterpret the true spirit of de
mocracy. The democracy for which
America Btands and whose true spirit
we interpret is the right of those who
submit to authority to have a voice
In their own goevrnment a govern
ment whose powers are limited by a
written constitution and' where the
right of the individual citizen to life,
liberty and property and the pursuit
of happiness . is buttressed against at
tack by sacred constitutional guaran
tees; a government not of any privi
leged classes but a government
whose officials are the servants and
moods and caprices ot a numerical
majority; but a .government of laws
where equal protection is a birth
right alike of the most powerful as
well- as the humblest citizen of the
community; a government where lo
cal self-government, the most cher
ished possession of free people in
every age, Is most resolutely guarded
and maintained.
Mob Violence.
The true spirit of democracy sets
us iace nne a unit, against, uu wins
of mob violence and lynch law. The
sentence ot Judge Lynch violates
every ruie oi law ana oraei auu jus
tlce. Lynch law is a misnomer; 1 it is
is but one law in this country and to
which we all owe allegiance, and that
is the law administered by the (order
ly processes of the courts. Wherever
any , persona, however, great their"
i numbers or respectable their (tharac
QL'INO PRESSING OIL
Or Straiiktaaer aiakaa tka kair aafl aa J
.trai.kt.aa it WITHOUT tka aaaal kal
iraaa. Wkaa aaed ia aaaaaaliaa wilk
kaalaJ iiaaa tka re. nit i. liraeala.
Gaatl.aiea aiaf aaa tkia aU ta ad.aatada.
Prioa 50 aaata.
QUINO LIQUID PRODUCTS
QUINO TAB LOTIONUaar araataaal
CUa.-r. Natkiai ra.araa """
ita war.t kata taa tkia latla.
Priaa SO aaata. .
qUINO HAIR TONIC-A praaaratia
..paeially adapted lar tk..a wka da a.t
likaailr prap.r.tiaaa. A He..lr Hair
Toaia. Prioa ?J aaata.
- QUINO LIQUID BA1RT0NB A paia
ly liquid Tat.kle ail praparatieaj aillay
aat Ir.ai aar atb.r llairtoa. ia tkat it i.
a LICIU10 vel.takla a.np.aad al
tka liaa.t aad ka.t ail. pramatiai tha
health ol tka acalp aad r.wtk ol the hair.
Prioa KI.OO.
All. LIQUID PRODUCTS SENT BY HX
pKKSS. CHAHIiKS PAID BY CUSTOMERS
ters, put to death by mob violence
any citizen o this country or any
thou-.foreigner enjoying the protection of
iour laws, the act is none-tne-iess
,1 ..
muiuer, nowevei "'' " v.
,mny ue ue "'U,D"
ment is indicted. Lynch law always
increases the crime which it seeks to
prevent, and whateevr may be the
crime or whatever may be the motive,
which incites mob violence, it but
tends to weaken all constituted au
thority, to breed a spirit of lawless
ness and lower the moral tone of the
community. It flagrantly and shame
lessly ignores all those fundamental
rights of citizenship, which the ex
perence of ages has shown to be nec
essary before guilt can be established
and punishment inflicted.
"The Constitution of the United
States and of every state commands,
first, that no person shall be held to
answer for a capital or otherwise in
famous crime unless on a preentment
or indictment of a grand jury; pec
ond, nor compelled in any criminal
case to be a witness against himself,
nor be deprived of life, liberty or prop
erty without due process of law; third,
he shall enjoy the right to a speedy)
public trial by an impartial Jury of
the state pr district wherein the'
crime shall have been committed;!
fourth, to be informed of the nature
and cause of the accusation, to be ,
confronted with the witnesses agaijdsr;'
him, to have compulsory process' for
obtaining evidence in hi favor, and to
have the assistance of counsel tor nis
defense. No man, therefore, in this
country can be legally put to death
without being accorded the fun pro
tection of each one of these safe
guards of liberty. There is no sec
tion of this country where the inter
ests or protection of society justifies
the substitution of mob violence for
the orderly processes ot the courts
for the punishment of crime. There
are many law-abiding' citizens who,
while opposing mob violence, Justify
it for the punishment ot a certain
odious crime. They ignore the fact
established by experience that when
once you loosen the bands of the law
and givotree play to the passions ot
the mob for the punishment of any
crime, you but Incite a Bpirlt of law
lessness and private vengeance which
refuses to limit itself to the infliction
of punishment of one particular
crime; but you open the floodgates
of lawlessness which, unless checked,
leads to governmental chaos and an
archy. It is also insisted by some
that mob violence is Justified by tho
character of the crime, the delays and
the technical defenses and the uncer
tainties of trials in courts of law. If
our courts through on antiquated or
illogical method of practice and pro
cedure fail to punish crime with ce
lerity and certainty, the remedy for
these conditions is in the hands or
the people themselves who make and
unmake constitutions and laws.
"To contend that organized society
must rely on a lawless mob to en
force our criminal laws is an admis
sion that popular government is a
failure and that all the safeguards ot
individual liberty guaranteed by our
constitutions are . of no value and
should be abandoned. It is a plea
that organized society must be . dis
solved, and the enforcement of our
criminal laws entrusted to irrespon-
7
t
A
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