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DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY, 1IY
& THE PUBLIC LEDGER CO.
VlLLMW H. Cot, TllOUAH A IHV1,
Win tA II. WaiwU'iiuth. Jr.,
&ciftnryaml Trunin er.
Tiiesiai A.Divii, ... Edltit mitt JIanagtr.
HOARD OF DIRECTORS.
r WILLI,, M II. COS, M. C. Itt'ext'Lt,
A. M. J. Cechkan, W. II. Wamiweiitii, Jr..
Themas A. Davis.
fiVVTOV Public Ztdgtr Building, Xe. 10 Eatl
VrVLKjH Third Stritt
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Mx Menth.-... 1 3(
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ler Meuth. 33 t'-nl
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able and made kneicn en implication at
IN UOC SIGNO VIXCES.
A Werd te Republicans.
The ie of the parly lie In the expansion
of a stalwart ltepuhllcan press. The ltepuh
llcan tehe read or otherwise helps te sup sup
pert a Democratic paper te the exclusion of
one of Ills eirn party newspapers Is untrue
te ihe llepubllcan cause.
Unanimously subscribed te by the National
J. S. CLARKSON, Freiident.
A. B. HUMPHREY, Secretary.
It must be admitted that the Con
federate States, as a commercial com
pact, was net a howling success. Yet
it was a Free-trade
Twin Pictures, and simple. In
deed, se tenacious
were the slavehold slaveheld
ers for Free-trade that they had it in
corporated in their Constitution.
Belew we present the Free-trade
clause of the Confederate Constitution
in parallel with the Free-trade plank
of the present Democratic platferm:
Artlcle 1. section 8,
clause 1 of the perma
nent Constitution of
theCenf ederute States
adopted when In re
bellion, en March 11th,
1S61. was ns follews:
' The Congress shall
have power te lay and
collect taxes, duties
and excises for reve
nue only, necessary te
pay the debts, provide
ler the common de
fense and carry en
the government of
but no bounties shall
be granted from the
treasury.ner shall any
duties or taxes en Im
portations from for
eign Nations be laid
te promote or fester
any branch of Indus
try." The Deraecrntlc Na
adopted as its Tariff
platform, June M,
" We declare It te be
a fundamental princi
ple of the Democratic
party that the Fed
eral Government has
no constitutional pow
er te enforce and col
lect Tariff duties ex
cept for the purpose
of revenue only."
A Tariff for revenue is as much a tax
as a Tariff fpr Protection, and it must
be se framed as te raise as much, if net
mere, money from the people. The dif
ference is this, that the revenue Tariff
will be put upon articles which we can
produce here, and, te yield sufficient
revenue for governmental purposes, It
must discriminate very decidedly against
American industries. It must close
down thousands of American factories
and enforce idleness and distress upon
hundreds of thousands of American
workingmen. It will start the fires in
British mills, while it quenches them
in our own. This is the inevitable logic
of events. Te yield an adequate reve
nue the duty must be se low as te let
foreign competitors in in great numbers,
and for every dollar's worth of manu
factures they bring in, that much of
our money gees abroad, and our own
workmen, who consume our agricultural
products, sustain, and if necessary fight
for our Government, receive that much
less. This was net the idea of Wash
ington, Jeffehsen, Madisen, Jacksen,
or any ether patriot whose grjat hope
and prayer was that our Government
should be made strong by the develop
ment of its internal resources.
And why should this great and radi
cal change be made from a system which
has produced benlflcent results unparnl unparnl
lelletl in history? It is said te be dene
beeause a Tariff is a tax. We have said
if one Tariff 1s a tax, be is another. But
the Irresistible conclusion from estabv
lfebed facte Is that, if anybody pays the
Preteettve tax, it le the foreigner, while
the revenue tax must be paid by Aiaerl
iAJia, mi upon AraerleftM its heaviest
What is this tax? We challenge nny
Democratic editor in the state, says The
Jfuntimjten Herald, te show where his
taxes have been Increased, directly or
indirectly, by a Protective Tariff. We
venture there isn't one of them who has
had an added tax burden in a year equal
te what he would cheerfully spend in
half an hour at the bar of a saloon. On
the ether hand, the development of our
state, the increase of its population, and
the prospect for the future have been of
Jehn C. Calhoun, and net Themas
Jeffersen, was the father of Dem
ecratic "Tariff reform." Mr. Jeffer
son was a Protectionist, while Mr. Cal
houn believed a Protective Tariff te be
incompatible with the interests of slave slave
eolders. Cleveland's popularity in New Yerk
waned rapidly. Fer Governer he carried
the state by nearly 11)3,000. Fer Presi
dent, 1SS1, he carried it by 1,017 plu
rality, and was elected. In 1SS8 lie lest
it by 14,373, aud was defeated, and there
is no telling hew big the plurality
against him this year will be.
While in legal theory this was n free
coinage, bi-metallc country down te
1S73, it had been at ene time practically
ou nn exclusive silver basis aud at another
en an exclusively geld basis. Prier te
1S31 there was little geld in use in this
country practically nothing but silver.
After that date silver became very scarce
in actual circulation. Since increased
and decreased supplies of the precious
metals tend te unsettle their relations
and drive ene or the ether out of use, It
Is nil the mero Important that the
country shall retain both in its system
of coinage and, se far as possible, make
eadi restrain the fluctuations of the
Precept vs. Practice.
Inter Ocean. While the Democratic
Congress is starving and badgering the
Navy the Democratic plntfeim of Chicago
makes bensts of its patriotism in "build
ing up a great American Navy."
Denunciation Comet Illijli.
Sandusky Register." We denounce
Protection as n fraud" is the position
taken by the Democratic National Con
vention, and that declaration will cost the
Democracy the electoral votes of New
Yerk and Connecticut.
It trill be Dennis Then.
Philadelphia Ledger. Adlai, according
te Uruden's Concordance, means, " my
witness, my ornament." According te
Yeung's Concordance the signification of
Adlai is "lax, weary." It will take the
vote in November te decide between these
Thp ll'lsilum of Experience.
New Yerk Press. A "Tariff for reve
nue only," which the Democrats are
pledged te restore if they gain power, was
tried from 1857 te 18G1. The National
debt in that time increased $40,000,000
and expenditures exceeded the receipts
of the government $77,234,110. Is that
an experience which any Natien can af
ford te repeat ?
THE WORST OF LONELINESS.
Living in the City Among Thousands and
Still a Stranger.
Detroit Free Press. ' Peer girl," she
said. "She must lead un awful life.
But then 6hc must have known what it
would be when she married him."
" Is he unkind te her?" asked the little
"Oh, no; I guess net. But they live
in a little farmhouse out in the country,
with the nearest neighbors tlve or ten
miles away. Think hew lonely It must
" Yes, of course, it's lonely, but she 1ms
"Oh, yes; he can't get away very
" He can't go te the club?"
'Certainly net. Hu'd have te ride
a hundred miles or se te find one."
"And he doesn't have te stay away
from dinner te cnteilain a country
" If he stayed away he'd have te go
"And she's sure te have his company
"Of course. But think of living en
that vast prairle witli no neighbors
hardly a house iu sight. Can you con
ceive of anything mero lonely."
"Oh. yes," said the little woman
"Living in the cit in the midst of
thousands, with clubs and theaters, but
hardly a soul you knew. Ne one can be
as lenelv as ene who is alone among
thousands. The loneliness of a little
back room overlooking a court Is nothing
te the loneliness of a brilliantly lighted
ballroom te a stranger in it."
The shoe factory of White & Ilallard
has shut down and will move from Wash
ington Courthouse, 0 te Wt Pullman,
III. Over 800 residents of the former
phee will be threwH out of employment.
The Affair at Homestead Re
A Statement of the Case as It Re
lates te the Tariff.'
Tli I'rmltlent In Orrntly Cencrrnrtl Over
thti Unfortunate Mtuntleii Ne AiijuuI
llii us Yet llreti .Miide te the
United State for Troup.
Washington, July 7. Tlu first of
ficial recognition in congress of the
troubles at the Homestead, Pa., mill
appeared Wednesday, when Represent
ative Camhyittl introduced u resolution
calling for the appointment of a select
committee te investlge them. Preced
ing the resolution is a long preamble,
reciting in effect that the republican
party has centended that one of the
main purposes of its tariff legisla
tion was the protection of Amer
ican labor, and the increase of
pay te the wnge-carnen, In pro
tected industries; that, contrary thoie theie thoie
te, industries protected by such legisla
tion have, in many instances, instead
of increasing the pay of wage-workers,
actually materially reduced them; that
the Homestead mills, controlled by A.
Cnrnegic and his associates, operating in
nn industry which has received the
festering care, of said legislation te
such an extent as te typify it as an
example of the result thereof, from
whatever standpoint It is viewed,
has promulgated an order redue.ing
wages of empleyes ranging te en
extent, it is alleged, of from 20 te 00
per cent; that contrary te the position
assumed by said party that the protec
tion se afforded regulates the price of
labor, it is stated by II. C. Prick, mana
ger of said mills, that "We made the
scale te suit trade and mechanical con
ditions, and gave no thought te the po
litical cause or effect;, nor the tariff;"
that following this announcement the
empleyes have refused te accept such re
duction, and a strike is at hand, and it is
asserted in the public prints that unned
men, beats carrying guns, n stockade,
having attached thereto pipes enabling
het water and steam te be turned en nt
a moment's notice, and surmounted
with wires capable of being charged
with electricity, all these supplemented
with strong search lights have been re
sorted te by said company te enable it
te enforce its reduced scale of wages,
thus inaugurating a condition of feudal
despotism. The resolution thereupon
calls for the appointment of a select
committee of flve members te investi
gate aud report en the causes of this
strike, the conditions producing thu
same and the effect of such legislation
en wages and labor.
The resolution was referred te the
committee en rules.
The house committee appointed te in
vestigate the Pinkcrtens will held its
first meeting en Friday. The president
has received frequent press bulletins
during the day from Pittsburgh about
the riot lie is seriously concerned nt
the grave turn which the situation has
assumed. Up te the time, of leaving
Washington Wednesday afternoon he
had net been officially advised of the
riot by any of the state authorities.
Gen. Schefield said Wednesday after
noon that no appeal had been made te
the military authorities te aid in sup
pressing the riots ut Homestead, and he
did net think it would be necessary.
He said that the state military of Penn
sylvania was a most efficient organiza
tion, and that it would be an easy mat
ter te concentrate at leas 0,000 thor
oughly reliable and well disciplined
state troops at Pittsburgh or at any
ether given point at 6hert notice. He
said that the government could net in
terfere in the matter unless the govern
ment of the state should inform the
president that the case was leynnd the
control of the state and municipal au
thorities. lie explained that such a ca arose
during the Pennsylvania railroad riots
of 1677, when the state militia was un
able te cope with the rioters, and that
it became necessary te invoke the aid of
General Selkefleld said he did net
think the present trouble would reach
the magitudc of the riots of 1877, but,
even if they did, it is net likely that the
government would be called upon te
interfere, for the reason that the organ
ization of the state militia is new in a
vastly improved condition compared
Wasiii.noten. July 7. Tennessee
Lecal rains; east winds; slightly warm
er in southern portion.
TCentucky, West Virginia and Ohie
F. !; easterly winds.
Lewer Michigan Fair; southerly
winds; warmer In northern portion.
I'pper Michigan Fair; southwesterly
Indiana and Illinois Fair; winds
shifting te southeasterly; slightly
warmer in northwestern Indiana and
Oilmen I'luyed WerincaUay.
J Philadelphia 11 I Hosten 10
I Cincinnati & 1 St. Leuis H
I Louisville 4 j Ilroeklyn 8
1 New Yerk 5 (Chicago S
lllroeklyn 2 I Plttsliurgh H
.... i i
m Wen. LeiL Per CL
Dosten 9 :0 .710
UroeUlyn il .CM
Phlladclphfa 41 JKH
Cincinnati 38 S9 .607
Cleveland Zb 30 A28
Pittsburgh !tt SO .403
Washington J 28 . .417
CUIcaee :'8 36 .438
New Yerk (. Si) IS .411
St Leuis ' 19 .418
Louisville M 43 .331
Baltimore 17 M &l
Thirty Tlieuium! In-Irgutm.
New Yeitit, July 7. Thousands of
delegates te the convention of the
Christian Endeavor societies have al
ready arrived In thl city. Over 20,000
have been assigned te various hotels
and bearding houses. In all 30,000
delegates will participate in the pro
ceedings of the convention. New Yerk
and IJreeklyn will send about 10,000
TOO MANY WIVES.
ItftiuurhnltlK Aluti liiiunliil Kxporlenco of no
American Iu Mexico.
Zaoateeas, Mux., July 7. Frank O.
Lawsen, un American mochunie of this
city, has been arrested and placed in
jail en the charge of execedihg the
limits prescribed by nn old Mexi
can law still iu force regulating
matrimony. Lawsen enme bore about
four years age from the City of Mex
ico, bringing with him a pretty Spanish
woman as his wife. She died two
months after their arrival and Dawsen
took another young wife. She died
also, and the American continued te cx cx
crclse.his matrimonial propensities nt u
rateh'at astonished the natives, par
ticularly us nene of the wives lived
leuger than two or three months after
jJeVemlng a bride.
'Lawsen never wero weeds longer
than three months after the demise of
his rospeetive wives, when he would re
peat the matrimonial experiment The
people of the city are very conservative
in such matters, and they let Lawsen
alone with his remarkable and unfor
tunate domestic affairs until three days
age, when it was learned that he had
married his thirteenth wife slnce his
arrival In Zacatccas.
The authorities began working en
the case, and, ns there was no evidence
at hand te show that his twelve pre
vious wives died from ether than natr
ural causes, he was arrested under the
law enacted many years age which
prohibits a man entering into the mat
rimonial state mere than uine times.
Lawsen, therefore, has four offenses
te answer for, aud will probably receive
a long term In prison. He is about 40
years old and well educated. He has
resided in Mexico fifteen years.
MILITIA CALLED OUT
ny the Ocnerner of Flerida Ituttle He-
twrcu White n ixl Nt'grnciR Avertrtf.
Jacksonville Fla., July 7. Shortly
before midnight Tuesday night a mob
of 700 Negroes mardhed te the Duval
county jail in squads. They were all
heavily armed aud immediately took up
positions about the various entrances
te the prison. The Negroes claimed
that they received positive Information
that the whites intended lynching a
Negro confined in the jail who is
charged with having Tnlirdercd a man
The jail officials quickly notified the
governor, and orders were at once issued
te have several companies held them
selves In readiness. The companies as
sembled at the armory, with Capt Tur
ner in cemmnnd. The Negroes sent a
committee te the armory te confer with
Capt Turner. The captain assured the
colored men that there was no danger
of a lynching, and advised them te go
At 12 o'clock Tuesday night the troops
were ordered te march te the jail,
where they are new stationed. When
the Negroes saw the soldiers they scat
tered, taking up positions in groups in
the vicinity of the prison.
At midnight everything was quiet but
it was feared there would be trouble
LE MONDE IS MAD.
A I'rtiicli-rnii(llnn Killtnr Threaten V
With Outline (Sun.
Mentrkai., July ". Le Mende, a
leading Fieneh paper, referring te
President Harrison's proposal of retali
ation against Canada, says: "The re
prisal legislation adopted at Washing
ton is an insult and threat te the peo
ple of England and Canadn. 15y sign
ing this law the president has broken
the treaty of lb71 with the de
liberate intention of injuring the
Hrltish crown. Probably this legis
lation will net be put into effect, but if
they dare te enforce the law the duty
of the Canadian and imperial govern
ment is clear. An injury done te the
honor and dignity of a flag which pro
tects this treaty nnd the rights it as
sures te the people of Canada would re
quire geed and prompt reparation. If
the voice of English diplomacy has no
eche at Washington, recourse must be
had te the louder and mero powerful
voice of cannons and Catling guns.
There is no alternative Cheese, Mr.
MRS. CLARK GUILTY.
The Verdict J Fnld te Ite a Victory for
Canten, O.. July 7. The official find
ings in the Weman's Relief corps court
martial case against Past Department
President Ada F, Clark are new in
the hnnds of the leeil officers. Uy
the verdict Mrs. Clark is found
guilty of withholding moneys be
longing te the corps and is suspended
for five years. It is net known whether
or net she will appcnl. This settles the
matter for the present, and is a decided
victory for Miss Emma Keens, past de
partment treasurer, who was charged
by Mrs. Clark with improper conduct,
and after a trial and verdict of guilty
was reinstated by the national pres
ident. Will Mum Illm nt the Stake.
Peutlani), Ore, July 7, A rumor
reached here early Wednesday that
Wilsen, tlic murderer of Mamie Walsh,
is located in the weeds near Milwnukee,
the scene of the crime, and that the
thicket is surrounded by a body of
armed men. It is said the mob Intends
te catch him alive if possible and after
pouring oil en him burn him nt the
stake, There is no telegraph office at
Milwaukee and no definite news Is ob
tainable. .Murdered for III Meney.
CeLUMUtis,' O., July 7. Jacob Fisher,
a Qerman laborer, aged 45, was found
early Wednesday morning en the Scioto
Valley tracks, shot through the heart
Several feet away en the ether slde of
the fence lay a :i2-caHber'revelver. It Is
supposed that Fisher was murdered, as
he Is reported te have had WOO with
which he Intended te go te Germany.
mill limy Mllp in,
Toiie.nto, Ont, July 7, Twe hundred
Chinamen have ceme into Terente from
Vancouver this year. Arrivals occur
dally new and vary from two te ten at
times. It is Impoulble te discover their
destination, but it h believed that they
will And their way Inte the I'n'.tcd
StatM. , j i
Presidential Campaign of 18921
TO READERS OK
THE PUBLIC LEDGER!
The Presidential Campaign of 1802
interesting nnd exciting in the history of the United States, and country pcople will t
be extremely anxious te have all the GENERAL and POLITICAL NEWS and dls- ';
cusslens of the day as presented In a Nntieual journal, in addition te that supplied Ad
by their own local paper.
Te meet this want we have entered
T rrrr - r - .
iNEW I0KK WJMJjI TJKJLBUJNJHi "
The JLeaumsr ltepuuiican
which enables us te eiler that splendid
year) and The Puiimc Leixieh for ene
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IN.' Y. Weekly Tribune,"
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ami crcru reader of The Public Ledgep.
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Address all orders te
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TO CLEAR THEM OUT.
All our 20 cent Canten Crepes ami Clnillis at 15 cents.
15 cent Peiipees mid Bedford Cords at 10 cents. nnd 10
eeiitClialllsntSceuts. Check Nainsoek at 5 cents. Plaid
India Linen at ill, worth 12. b5 Fancy Parasols re
duced te S3 50; S3 50 reduced te S2 50; S2 50 reduced
te SI 75.
TTTOT PTTPTCnTCn a new line of all wool
JUdI XiJliUJlX V iliJJ filling Challls. Elegant
styles at 20 cents have been sold all season nt 25 cents.
Remember all our black Hosiery for Uentlcnii'ii. Ladies
nml Children from 25 cents up is guaranteed fast ami
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Maysville Carriage Company, M
A FINE LINE OF
Alse Agents keii the
Deerine' Harvesting Machinery.
OABPETS, OIL CLOTHS, MATTINGS,
And Housekeeping Goods
All Kinds of
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Tinware, Tin Roeiing,
.lOIbWOUK OF ALL KINDS Executed iu the
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PAN SUIT AM'UODY. PAINT, OILS,
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OLDEST HOUSE IN THE CITY.
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sem; aeknts feh
MILLER'S MONITOR RANGES,
- AND I)KALK(tS IN'
MANTELS, STOVES, GRATES, ICE CREAM FREEZER8,
If nfrftvitrrttsivd tANi all Itu XlAnhlnA WrltllfflPfl fiml tf Itftlicm H twiln If tna Wa mIII ma CAV
be undersold.' A1I goods KunrantceU n
irenernl Jeb Werk.
28 and 30 W. Second Street,
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Inte a contract with the
- . -v-r mr.TTvrr'Cl
...,,-..., . .. V
raner 01 tue united states I
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regular price per year $ 00
BEGIN AT ANY TIME
should take advantage of it at once.
,nilMlf lllr iht fwilove "
.IV.HIIIllliy IIIV V,,1I0.
tuf pfini r 1 cnncD
,,,!, Wll-.W uu.u.., m
DROWNING & CO.,;
AND DKA1.KU3 IN ''. t$fk
Generally Always en Hand
J. Cheneweth's Drug SterelS
Guttering and Spouting.
VAKN1SHKS. ZWEIGAHT BLOCK.
W. F. FOWJUIJ
rvpreventcri, Tin lloeninr,.UUerltnf RHd
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