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DAILY. EXCEPT SUNDAY, UY
THE PUBLIC LEDGER CO.
William It. Cox, Tjiemah a. Davis,
William It. Waiwwebth, Jr.,
fbtcrttary nml Trtaiurer.
Themas A. Davis. ,....,...JSVIIer ami Mnnagtr.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
William II. Cox, M. C. Hvmmm.,
A. M. J. Cechban, W. H. Wadmwebtu, Jr.,
OFFICE li,tblte ttdgtr TutUttng, .Ve. 10 Emt
SURSCRIPTIOXS-IX A D VAXCE.
Ou Year .... ,. - -. S3 00
Nix Meulin... 1 SO
Thrre Months ......... ............ 75
DELIVERED BY CARRIER.
Ier Menth. . ... . .33 Oiit
ravable te carrier at end of month.
Advertising rates uniform and reason
able and made known en application at
IN HOC SIONO VINCKS.
A Werd te Republicans.
X7ie hope of the party lit In the expansion
of a stalwart Itepubllcau pret. The liepub
Mean trio redds or eUicncliie help te sup
port a Democratic paper te the exclusion of
one efy His own party neirspapers I untrue
te the Itepubllcau cause.
Unanimously aubscrlbul te by the Sdtlennl
J. S CLAEESON. President.
A. B. HUMPHREY. Secretary.
1 1 sJU&LiIJ&k 11
Or NZW YORK,
JOHN P. JIcCAKTNEY.
ok flemixe oetjNTV.
TOK APPELLATE JBDOE.
WILLIAM H. HOLT,
f OP MO.NTOOMERV.
Sf -" ANDREW M. J. COCHRAN.
COMMON WE rn ATTORNEY,
i W. A. BVHON,
1 or DRACKEN.
( roil CIRCUIT CLERK,
' ORLANDO P. COX,
CHARLES W. WILLIAMS.
CHARLES H. NICHOLSON.
Hen. Jehn P. McCartney, Republican candi
date for Congress, will speak at the following
pD.es and times;
Merehead, Tuesday, October 25th.
OHve Hill, Wednesday, October 'J6th.
Or ay son, Thursday, Octeber 27th.
KllKore. at night, Friday, Octeber 28th.
Ashland, Saturday, October 29th.
Catlettsburir. Monday, October 31st.
Louisa, Tuesday, November 1st.
Greenup, Wednedar. November 2d.
Maysvtlle, at nlKht, Thursday, Ne'ember 3d.
Potersvlllo. Saturday. November Cth.
Tlemlngsburjf, ut night, Monday, Novem
Hen. Themas II. Paynter, Democrntle can
didate, is rcspeetfuily invited te be 'present
and n proper division of time will be accorded.
Tup fact that during the period of
wildcat banking the Government paid
its pensions In depreciated state money,
and that that class
of lis creditors In
Pensions in variably suffered
Wildcat Bank Days. Ipsa thereby, illus
trates the oils of
that system of cur
rency in a striking manner. Following
Is n copy of nn eillcial letter written by
the United States Pension Agent at
Cleveland, 0., te a pensioner in Michi
gan, which copy was furnished te a
Tribune correspondent by Deputy Com
missioner Davidsen of the Pension Bu
reau: U. S. Pension Agency. )
Cleveland, O.. Oct. 17th, 1857. J
Te Leslrr Iluyck, Esq. Sir: Inclesed
find $23 Michisan money and 89 cents in
letter stamps, it being your pension, less
01 cents off for attorney, postage and re
ceipt. Alse inclesed a blank for draw
ing your pensien next time.
I cannot send you a draft en New Yerk
for the reason thnt none is te be get.
The best I could de was te sent! you
Michigan monev. which I hope will go
in Michigan. Respectfully,
This was in the first year of Mr.
Buchanan's administration these geed
old Democratic days which the Democ
racy is trying te bring back in part
through the wildcat banking plank of
the Chicago platform, According te
Thompson's Bank Nete Reporter, during
the year when this letter was written
1,500 banks failed. The correspondent
thus comments upon the matter: "With
banks bursting at the rate of fifty a day,
the agent of the United States Govern
ment charged with the duty of paying
pensioners at Cleveland, 0., was com
pelled te write le the beneficiaries of
the Government that New Yerk ex
change 'is net te be get,' and te express
the 'hope' that Michigan money, which
was the best lie could obtain, 'will go in
Michigan.' What would a pensioner of
the United States te-day think and say
If he should receive such a letter with
such inclesures, in lieu of the quarterly
payment due him. Of course, it must
be aumed that Pension Agent Hessan
muller was an honest man, and yet, as
the discount en Michigan bank notes
outside that state In October 1S57 ranged
from e te 13 and 20 per cent., he might
easily have compelled the Michigan
pensioners te stand a handsome 'shave'
by buying the Michigan notes at the
regular Cleveland market rate of dis
count. If exchange en New Yerk could
have been obtained, it would have cost
the Michigan pensioner about 10 per
cent, premium, which, with the ether
expenses noted In the Pension Ageut's
letter, would have reduced his quarterly
pension of $24 te $21 65.
"Such was the beautiful system of
banking te which the Democratic party
in the year 1892 demands that the coun
try shall return."
This dealing with pensioners seems te
emphasize the financial straits in which
even the Government itself was placed
by the universal circulation of unsound
money. And what was true of pension
ers, who, presumably, were as well pro
tected as they could be by the Govern
ment, must have been true in much
mere sorrowful degree of all payments
by private firms te workmen and small
dealers of every degree. These who
could least afford te suffer less were the
most helpless. Wage workers, day la
borers and farmers scarcely ever received
full value for what was due them. Few
notes in circulation were worth their
face value, and no one could be sure
that the quotation for his paper money
would be maintained for twenty-four
hours. Everybody, high and low, rich
and peer, paid tribute, and generally
heavy tribute, te the state banks of
issue. High inceme tax in these days
with sound money would have been se
light a burden that citizens would net
have felt it in comparison with the
daily losses which the wildcat meney
caused. De the voters of this land
want the3e times back?
The Hen. Calvin S. Brice's still hunt
for Democratic victory in Ohie is stiller
than usual. The stillness of death Is
The meaning of Mr. Cleveland's big
contribution te the Democratic campaign
fund is Jnt this: He believes In Freo Free
trado and has given $10,000 te help seat
a man in the Wiiite Heuse who will en
Many of the ablest Democrats in this
country are greatly dissatisfied with the
manner in which Chairman Carter is
conducting the Republican campaign.
It is te be remembered, hewever.Jthat
there was no thought of pleasing them
when he was chosen.
A DKEit drinkers' club is the latest
novelty In Cincinnati. The saloon;
keeper who cnlci tains them is mere- than
pleased with the rules and regulations of
the organization. Ne one can join who
dees net agree te take ten glasses of beer
en meeting night. Anyene joining who
cannot stand the dee nnd shows In
dications of Intoxication is te be expelled.
Which Killed Hundreds of Peo Pee Peo
ple in Sardinia
And Destroyed Hundreds of Thousands
of Dollars' Werth of Property.
The DurkncM or Night Cnnin Over the
1'lnlii nml I'loeiU Completed tlir Werk
el the Storm Six Vitiliges Com
pletely Inundated Eurtluiuiikc.
Londen, Oct 24. The latest ndvlccs
from CugHuri give an nppalling account
of the torrible storm nnd Heed in Sar
dinia en Thursday and Friday last, a
calamity in which hundreds of lives
were lest nud hundreds of thousands of
dollars' worth of property was de
stroyed. The plain of Catnpldane for fifteen
miles north of Cagliarl was affected.
The plain stretches from Cagliarl te
Orestane, a distance of fifty-nine miles,
and Is an important vine nnd olive
The first Indications bf the approach
ing hurricane were noticed Thursday
afternoon. The heat of the atmosphere
became oppressive, and cattle and ether
animals grew restless and hurriedly
sought shelter. Soen heavy clouds
tinged with red appeared. The peasants
working in the fields became terrified
and took rcfuge in their homes. As
the darkness of night came ed the
cyclone burst upon the plain with full
force. Incessant Hashes of lightning
nnd heavy pealsef thunder accompanied
the shrieking of the wind, while loud
subterranean rumblings added their
terrors te the storm.
Kain fell in torrents and nil the low
lands were Heeded In a very short time.
The river Mannu and ether streams in
tersecting the district seen oversewed
their banks, inundating an area of
Among the villages invaded by the
winters were Decitnemannu, Assemini,
Elmas, Samatzal, SnnSpcrateand Iirnz
zali, with a total population of 0,000
Scores of dwellings nnd barns were
demolished by the raging iloed, and
hundreds of people who had sought ref
uge en the reefs of buildings were
drowned. In most of the villages named
there were huts built of mud, which
collapsed in a few moments. Other
huts, made of reeds and straw, floated
with the current, forming rafts te which
many peasants clung during the night
until they were rescued.
On Friday morning the work of res
cue was begun in earnest Dozens of
persons were found huddled together en
elevations of land and in the upper
parts of the houses that are still stand
ing. Many of these people are half
dead from terror and exposure. The
buildings still standing were found te
be seriously damaged, the walls being
extensively cracked and the founda
tions undermined. Most of the furni
ture they contained was of course,
Survivors say thnt the experience of
that night was terrible in the extreme.
The whole night long the air was filled
with the heartrending shrieks of
drowning human beings and the terri
fied cries of sheep and cattle, mingled
with the ceaseless din of alarm bells
that were kept ringing In neighboring
The Prefect of Cagliari, en learning
of the disaster, immediately dispatched
rescue parties te save survivors. These
parties worked with the greatest diffi
culty. Dozens of lives were saved by
soldiers. One hundred bodies have been
recovered at San Sperate alone.
The total death roll must reach sev
An immense number of cattle and oth eth
er live stock perished.
The Carliari-Iglesias railway has been
greatly damaged by the flood.
Londen, Oct 24. Five villages near
Kutais, in Trans-Caucasia, have been
destreyed by an earthquake Many
lives are reported te have been lest Se
far the bee ;s of twenty-seven persons
have been recovered from the ruins of
dwellings and ether buildings. It is be
lieved that many mere bodies will be
Mrs. Ilarrlseu Dying.
Wasuinoten, Oct 21. At 12:30 Mon
day morning Mrs. Harrison was resting
quietly. There was no change in her
condition from the previous report The
president and family circle, fearful of
the worst were sitting up with the in
valid. At 1:45 a. m. Mrs Harrison wns
slowly sinking, and it was feared that
she would net live out the night There
were some signs that the end is gettlpg
Washington. Uct 24. Fer Ohie, West
Virginia and Western Pennsylvania
Generally fair; possibly light local
showers at lake stations; colder, north
Fer Tennessee Generally falr.except
lecil showers in eastern portion; north
Fer Kentucky Fair, north winds;
ce'iler in northern portion.
Fer Indiana and Illinois Generally
fair; north winds; slightly colder in
extreme southern portion.
Charleston, S. C, Oct 24. The fes
tival in commemoration of this city's
escape from total destruction in the
earthquake of 18C0, which will begin
October 31 and last six days, will be
participated in by the United States
cruisers Vesuvius and Delphin. An in
teresting feature of the celebration will
be a reproduction of the assault by the
federal fleet en Ft Sumter In 1803. A
fac-slmlle of the old fort will be bom
barded and the land batteries of the
confederate en Merris and Sullivan is
lands will blnze away with vigor.
Itnly Kulutes the Amerlritn King,
Chicaoe. Oat 24. llarondeFnva, the
Italian minister, before lttavin Chicago
received the following cablegram from
tin-Italian minister of foreign nifain,'
" vU'rday at Spwzla American I -g
UuuiaaI with twontv-ene j;un."
LENGTH OF THE MILE.
Ne Less Tbnn Twelve UltTerent Kinds of
Mils lu Kurepenn Countries,
A correspondent asks hew many
different kinds of miles there arc, says
the Pittsburgh Dispatch. It is no
wonder that thore is seme uncertainty
about the length of a mlle. English
spcnldng countries have four different
miles the ordinary mlle of 6,280 feet,
nnd the geographical or nautical mils
of 0,035, making u diffcrence of about
one-seventh between the two; then
thcre is the Scotch mile of 5,028 feet,
and the Irish mlle of 0,720 feet four
various miles, every ene of which is
still in use.
Then almost every country has its
own standard mile. The Remans had
their mllle passum, 1,000 paces, which
must have been about 3,000 feet in
lcntjth, unless we ascribe te Cassar'a
legionaries great stepping cnpacity.J
The German mlle ei te-day is Z4,ui8
feet In length, mero than four and a
half times as long as our railaThe Dutch,
the Danes, nnd the Prussians enjoy
a mile that is 10,440 feet long, three and
a half times the lenpth of ours, and the
Swiss get mero exercise in walking ene
of their miles than we get in walking
five tniles, for their mile Is 0,153 yards
long, while ours is only 1,700 yards. The
Italian miles is only a few feet longer
than ours, the Reman mile is shorter,
while the Tuscan and the Turkish
miles are 150 yards longer. The Swedish
railb is 7,341 yards long, and the
Vienna pos; mile is 8,203 yards in
Se here is a list of twelve different
miles, and besides this there arc ether
measures of distance, net counting the
French kilometer, which is rather less
than two-thirds of a mile. The Bra
zilians have a millia tliat is one and a
quarter times as long as our mile; the
Neapolitan mlgle is about the same
length; the Japanese ri or mile la two
and one-half times ours; the Russian
verst Is five-eighths as long as our mile;
while the Persian standard is a fersakh,
four and one-half miles long, which is
said te be equal te the parasang, se fa
miliar te the readers of Xenophen's
The league that is familiar te readers
of French and Spanish books varies just
as does the mile. In Brazil it is 3 4-5
miles long, in France it was three
miles, in Spain it was 2? miles, and
once en a time in England It was X
miles long. The only measure that is
about the same in every country is the
meter, and even that varies slightly, for
in France it is 39.370-333 inches in
length, while in this country it Is 30.37
070 Inches a difference te be men
tioned, but net te be considered In
It Tabes a Doltl Commander te Ilcetraln
The Seudanese troops are vastly in
teresting, says the Contemporary Re
view. The jet-black creatures, resem
bling amiable gorillas In face, of all
heights and only one thicltncss, narrow
hipped, thin-chested, with no backs te
their heads and no calves te their legs,
are liked and trusted by their officers
te a remarkable extent Thcre Is little
of the red Indian in them; they would
net fire into a sand hill or stand still te
be cut down. The dervish Is their op
pressor and natural enemy, and they
only deslre the opportunity te "get at
him" at as close quarters ns possible.
They are children in their love of decor
ation and their whims and their devo
tion te their officers. They are savage
in their dislike of discipline and their
passionate impatience of restraint en
the battlefield. Fer this reason te
keep them back they have mero Eng
lish officers te a battalion than Egyptian
troops. They detest drill and blank
cartridge. They are enthusiastic ever
every rumor of approaching fight
I was told a delightful story of ene
recent action In which they took a
prominent part The enemy was under
cover net far off; hut the firing line of
blacks were blazing away at him as
fast as they could open and close up
their rifles. In vain their officers tried
te step them. The waste of ammuni
tion threatened te beceme extremely
serious, and their commanding officer,
a Scotchman, who bad seen many fights
with them, losing his temper, rode up
and down behind the line, cursing
them with every abusive epithet in a
fairly adequate vocabulary of Arabic
Invective. But entirely without effect.
At last one of them happened te turn,
and discovered the beleved bey in evi
dently a very excited state of mind.
He at once rose, ran back te him, and,
patting him reassuringly en the beet,
he said: "Don't be frightened, bey; it's
all right We're here; we'll take care
of you." The Scotch bey, however, was
equal te the occasion. He rode out
through the line and walked his herse
up and down in front of the rifles.
"New," he said, "ii you must flre fire at
me." After this it is net 'surprising te
read in dispatches that this officer has
twice recently had his herse shot under
Something About Tansy.
In old New England days, and even
new, the kitchen garden had its tansy
bed te draw from in the interest of
'tansy cheese," "rum and tansy," "tan
sy bitters," and, in case of Illness "tan
sy tea." It Is only a trace of classic
custom that has comedown through the
ages. Se powerful were its properties
that should Jove's messenger adminis
ter a draught of tansy cordial te a mor
tal he took en Immortality. The Yan
kee took it for another reason. Se pop
ular was tansy that it was adopted as a
christening name, and in several Eu
ropean countries te-day Athnnase (im
mortality) is very popular. As an ex
ample of word debasement tansy is
A Ileautiral Heller.
A curious and beautiful superstition
prevails among the Armenians that,
when anyene is seriously HI, the sick
room is tilled with angels who are sent
te watch ever the patient Fer tills
reason the room is beautifully draped
nud furnished with flowers, sweets,
drlud fruits and cakes, ami each visitor,
en entering, strikes a chord en a musio musie
nl Instrument which hangs at the head
of the si.'k-bcd.
Presidential Campaign of 18921
TO HEADERS OF
THE PUBLIC LEDGEE.
The Presidential Campaign of 1802 will, without doubt, be the most intensely
interesting and exciting in the history of the United States, and country peeple will
be extremely anxious te have all the GENERAL and POLITICAL NEWS and dis
cussions of the day as presented in a National journal, in addition te that supplied
by their own local paper.
Te meet this want we have entered into a contract with the
NEW YORK WEEKLY TRIBUM
The Leading Republican Paper of the United States !
which enables us te offer that splendid journal (regular subscription price SI per
year) and The Public Ledger for ene year
FOR ONLY $3 25 A YEAE, CASH IN ADVANCE.
"N. Y. Weeklv Tribune," regular price per year $ 00
"Public Ledger," " ". " 3 00
Total $4 00
We Furnish Beth Papers One Year for $3 25.
SUBSCRIPTIONS MAY BEGIN AT ANY TIME.
ZSr'This is most liberal combination ejj'er ever made in the United States,,
and every reader of The Public Ledger should take advantage of it at once.
ZSTThc money mint, in all cases, accompany the orders.
Address all orders te
THE PUBLIC LEDGER,
Our Mr. White having purchased the store property we are
in, and desiring te remodel same for greater capacity
and convenience in handling our business, which can-
net well be done with the stock in the house, we pro
pose te sell for the next few days
PUENITURE at COST and CARRIAGE.
Come and see us. Respectfully,
-WHITE, JUDD & CO-
CARPETS, OIL CLOTHS, MATTINGS,
And Housekeeping Goods Generally Always en Hand-.
McCLANAHM & SHEA,
Tinware, Tin Rooting,
JOBiWORK OK ALL KINDS Executed In the
L. C. DLATTEIIMAN.
OLDEST HOUSE IN THE CITY.
BLATTERMAN & POWER,
ESOI.E AOKNT8 FOK
MILLER'S MONITOR RANGES,
-rr"1 'ANn DEALRHS IN-M-m
.MANTELS, STOVES, GRATES, ICE CREAM FREEZERS,.
Hofrlveratar. Wnililnir Mnelilmii. VrliiKr nml Kitchen Siioclnltle. We will net ,
be umlowelil. All ifiKiJ Kuiirnnti'uil rejireicnled. Tin lioettiiir, Hutu rln mid
ytmuntl Jeb Werk,
2 and B0 W. Second Street, :-: MAYSVILLE, KY.
FANCY and STAPLE
Guttering and Spouting.
W. F. 1'OVEH.
fMW:mKhm!i: ::; -, '"- " ' i"