Newspaper Page Text
DEAD CITY a
P CharLps rri. Currier, Ph.D.
F tho thousands of pcoplo who Inhabit
Lima, or of tho many who, in tho win
ter months, tako a run up to Choslca,
on tho Oroya railway, thoro ia probably
Hot ono in u hundred who knows any
thing of Cajamarquilla. I wa8 about to
leavo tho capital of Peru without
dreaming that, within a atono'a throw,
thoro wuro slumborlng tho ruins of a
K. prehistoric civilization that had not yet passed away
when Pizarro laid tho foundation of tho City of tho
Tho sacred city of Pachacamac Is known to, and"
mentioned by every traveler who Includes Lima
within tho limits of his Itinerary. It has been visit
ed and described from tho days of tho Conqulstn
dores with moro or less accuracy, until Dr. Max
Uhlo mado a special study of it and published his
monumental woik. If these rulnB of tho Lurln val
ley nro world famous, It is not thus with thoso of
tho valley cf tho Kiniac, and If Pachacamac in
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known to all, solitary
Cajamarquilla is buried
In an obscurity as deep
as tho sand that covers
it, while few, very few,
authors even make men
tion pf it.
I said that I was about
to leavo Lima. It was
tho ov of my departure
when I learned from
Proressor Savllle, of
NewyoFfc. tho well-
Jlorer, that he had vis
ited tho ruins that very
day. How I wished that
I could have accompa
nied him! I concluded
that regrets wero use-
less, and I was about to
relinquish all hope of ever seeing tho old Peru
vian city, when I learned that the departuro
from Callao of the Ucayall had been postponed
for a day. Communicating this fact to Doctor Sa-
, ville, he most graciously volunteered to accom
pany mo on tho morrow. It was an opportunity
I readily grasped.
Thus it happened that wo met by appointment
nt tho Lima station of the Oroya railroad at 8:30
. on a morning early in July. Gray clouds, as
( usually, hung heavily over tho city when wo
boarded the train, which soon pulled out of tho
tation,(to begin the steep Journey up the Andean
Bltopes. Avllttl' way outsldo of Lima tho sun
was shining In a cloudless sky, scattering its
rays through an atmosphere as transparent as
any you could wish to see in Castile or Aragon.
Here and there on tho route tho ndobo ruins of
pre-Inca chillzation might bo obsorved, for tho
Rimac valley is richer in such ruins than any
other part of the coast.
Tho morning was bright and exhilarating when
we arrived at Santa Clara railway station. Leav
ing Mrs. Savllle to proceed to Choslca, the pro
fessor, his young son, and myself alighted. A
little mule car, run on tracks, awaited us. It
might accommodate about nine persons. Wo
3prang to tho seats, tho driver whipped up his
mules, and off we wero on tho long, sandy road
between fields of sugar cano. Poor mules, cut
nnd bleeding, how wo pitied them! But in thoso
countries animals are handled without mercy.
A run of a couple of miles or more, passing on
tho way the llttlo train that is used to haul the
cano, or carry tho laborers, we arrived near tho
dwelling of tho hacienda, now leased, I under
stand, by Chinese. Some distance from tho
house wo alighted, to continue tho Journey on
foot in tho direction of tho mountains. For n
whllo wo had a good, though dusty road, but tho
greater part of tho Journey had to bo mado
through sandy plains, which did not Improve our
personal appearance, so thnt wo presented a pic
ture of dust and wretchedness on our return to
the Hotel Maury in Lima. Our way was now
-t and thon obstructed by adobo walls, or b'y tho
canals useu for Irrigation, rind over theso wo hd
4o climb or Jump. It was not long before wo
caught sight of tho ruins, solitary and abandoned.
"With tho exception of a herd of cattle and tho
roountod herdsmen, besides an occasional buz
zard or vulture, nt living being was In sight
Cajamarquilla lies about 23 miles from Lima.
jXaa you ascend tho valley of tho Illinac, but in a
liido valloy. in a plain among tho spurs of tha
I ndes. The valley is watered by a qanal, dug,
pnoDaDiy, at a penoa anieaaiing tno advent or
thto Spaniards. In tho vicinity ar6 several ha
cletadas, such an Huachlpa and La Nlverca, and
nn Nnccnslonal "tambo" or rural Inn, whero, if
you rcaro to, somo kind of refreshment may bo
had. Thosot-.jhowovor, aro hardly visible from
the ruVjw, near which ono solitary hut Is to be
Been. Ybjrs ago, when Squlor visited tho place,
tho rulnB -wero the haunt of robbers that gave no
llttlo trou'blo to the Peruvian authorities, but tho
.railroad pas driven them out of business, and it
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part of the city Is burled would Indicate remote an
tiquity, and a possible destruction of tho placo long
beforo tho advent of tho Europeans, were it not Tor
what Ksfeto tells us. Miguel Kstoto accompanied
Hernando Pizarro from Caxamarca to Pachacamac,
at tho time when Atnhualpa's peoplo wero scouring
tho country to collect sufllclont gold for tho ransom
of their unfortunate chief. He gives us tho itiner
ary of Hernando day by day until tho return to
Caxamarca. Wherever ho gees ho finds tho country
thickly populated with towns and villages, Burround
ed by cultivated fields of nulzo and orchards, with
flocks (if a kind of sheep. Ho Judges that Pacha
camac is of considerable antiquity, and he linda
within it a certain number of ruins. No mention Is
mado of Cajamarquilla, yet it Is probable that his
Journey led him through
tho valley of tho Rimac,
unci Markham even sup
poses thnt he pnssed
over tho present site of
According to Midden
rforf, who Infers his
utatement from Estete'B
narrative, tho valley was
at that tlmo thickly
populated, having be
sides .many smaller
places thrco largo
towns, Huadca, now Hun
tlca, Annatambo, and
he says, was tho princi
pal town of the district.
Its ruins still exist be
tween Lima and tho vil
lage of Magdalena, but
they seem to bo oven
less known than those
The valloy, togethci
with tho entiro coast,
was overrun and con-
Is now quite safo to visit Cajamarquilla. In fact,
tho thought of robbers was not connected In my
mind with Cajarmarquilla, until I read Squler'fl
During our brief stay among the ruins it as
impossible to mako nnythlng like measurements,
except with tho ee, but ns far as tho vision ex
tended townrds the mountain wo saw nothing
but ruins which stretched to a great dlstanco to
right and left. Toward the river they seemed to
melt away Into tho plain. Squlor says that they
cover an area of nearly a square league, and
MIddendorf estimates their extent at four square
kilometers. From my observations, tho ruins
consist of houses built of immenso adobo blocks,
closely adjoining each other, heru and there sep
arated by streotB. Somo of tho houses consist
of several apartments. Admission is gained
through a low doorway, but nowhero is there a
sign of a window. As in Pompeii, tho roofs,
whatever may have been tho material of their
construction, have long since fallen In. Outsldo
tho buildings, tho soil has risen to a great height,
sometimes nearly to tho top of tho wall, but in
Bide the walls the depth gives an Idea of tho
original height of perhaps 10 feet or more. To
ward tho mountain, a largo portion of the city Is
almost completely burled in tho sand, which In
the course of ages has como drifting down from
tho hills. Thoro aro within tho city n few eleva
tions or small hills, which may havo been occu
pied by temples or forts. Pits aro everywhere
within and without tho houses, with a width of
from two to four and a depth ranging from six
to twenty feet or more. Human remains in tho
Bhapo of skulls and bones are found within tho
pits or Bcattered over tho ground, together with
bits of pottery and other articles, such as corn
cobs, which wero probably Interred with tho
dead. Some1 of these pits are Bald to have served
tho purposes of storehouses or granaries, whllo
others wero certainly graves. Tho Inhabitants of
tho city burled their doad within or In tho Imme
diate vicinity of their houses, although tho mass
of tho peoplo must havo used tho necropolis,
some distance away from tho residences. Many
of these pits, excavated In tho hard soil, aro in
tho form of a Jar or urn, whllo others are square
Squler thus describes tho ruins as ho saw
"Theso consist of thrco great groups of build
on and around tho central mass, with streets
passing between them. It would be Impossible
to doscrlbo this complicated maze of masslvo,
adobo walls, most of them still standing, albeit
much shattered by earthquakes, or to convey an
Idea of tho pyramidal edifices, rising etago on
stage, with terraces and broad flights of stops
leading to their summits."
He adds that tho history of tho placo has been
lost to tradition.
As standing on an eminence surrounded by
tho ruins, with tho silenco of death upon you.
you look down upon what was once a city, cap
able of containing a population of ten or twelvo
thousand, you wondor what pcoplo dwelt thero.
Tho accumulation of soil and tho'fact that a largo
quered by the Incas, a
century or moro beforo tho arrival of the Span
lards, about the tlmo that theso lords of tho
Peruvian uplands imposed their rule on tho
Grand Chlmu farther north nnd on Pachacnmac.
Though there Is llttlo or nothing to Indicate an
Inca occupation at Cajamarquilla. It Is quite like
ly that after tho conquest Its population moro or
less mingled with tho conquerors. To Judge from
tho names of places in tho conquered districts,
tho victors imposed their lancuace. no doubt
gradually supplanting the original tongue of tho j ,ovo me' et: Dut Just como 'en let
"RUBE" AND THE GIRL
By L. 24 BURTON.
"How much longor enn I stand it?
How much longer how long how
Tho words drummed in hor enrs at
every beat of tho music; every noto
mado tho pain In hor head moro acute,
ns Nelllo Day (whoso nnmo ou tho
program wa9 Mile. Eleanor Diem) pi
rouottcd and coquetted in tho mazo
of hor dance.
Mile. Diem was tho premlero dan
seuso of a small compariy playing
"Tho Circus Lady," a melodrama of
tho most mellow order, doing one
night stands in tho mlddlo west.
Although Nell was tho pot of tho
show, sho had incurred the disapprov
al of Henry Sweeny, tho big, rough
manager, because lately sho had
"fallen off" In her high kicking and
Swcenoy hnd glared at her and mut
tered nn oath at tho end of tho first
act, and now sho knew n sharp scold
ing would greet her when sho re
turned to the dingy dressing room.
Mnklng her last bow, sho smiled
right Into the eyes of tho "Rube"
that had followed tho show from placo
to placo for over a week, who every
night had occupied a front seat, who
had paid scant attention to tho other
players, but who always led the an
plauso when Mllo. Diem appeared.
The other members of tho company
teased Nell in a good-natured way
about the "mash" sho had mado on
tho "Rube." '
Lll nnd Kid Clay (tho Clay sisters)
told her 3he was a fool not to go out
to supper with him after tho bIiow.
"If you are so tired of this life,
why don't you lay off a whllo and
get him to put up for you? He's got
"You girls don't understand. Ho
ain't tho kind wo'vo been used to. He's
good. Ho never asked me to go to
supper after tho show, but ho took mo
rldln' in tho country once.
"Ho asked mo to call him Theo. His
name's Theophllus Sykcs. Ain't that
a name for you?"
As tho curtain descended with the
Inst blaro of a horn, Nell sank In a
llttlo heap on tho stage a heap of
crumpled pink tulle, spangles and
cheap satin. Sweeny growled out a
word or two about "Incompetents" and
"sick folks," but hnd her carried to
tho building that boro tho nnmo of
Then sho was put to bed nnd dosed
with bad whisky and water, which
failed to revive her.
Next day the company was forced
to contlnuo its tour, leaving Nell be
hind in care of tho slatternly wife of
tho hotel manager. Theophllus, hear
ing of her Illness, also remained. Ho
It was who saw that her room was
mado bright with flowers, wild flow
ers that ho gathered In the country
lanes early in tho morning, when tho
dew was fresh upon them. Ho it was
who fetched tho doctor from a neigh
boring town, and who paid for such
delicacies as could bo obtained nt tho
general store on Main street
Tho day she wn3 ablo to sit up in
tho big, old-fashioned rocking chair
beside her bed tho Rubo brought a
maguinccnt Duncn or roses and a
large box of bonbons tied with wide
pink ribbon. Theso had been sent
Ho laid them In her lap; then tak
ing her frail, llttlo hand In his big,
brown ono ho stroked tho back of it
with tho tips of his Angers nnd In a
faltering voice hesitated and stumbled
through a proposal of marriage.
"Maybo I'm a Rube, llttlo girl; but
I kin tako keer of ou. Como homo
with mo, homo to tho farm, and rest
all you want to. I don't ask von to
Jk Smoke Pleasure and other Pleasures a
fe for the Man Who Smokes 9j ;
There is smoke pleasure in this pure old Virginia
and North Carolina brirrht leaf. Thousands prefer it to any
other pipe tobacco. Thorourjhl arjed and stemmed nnd
then granulated. A perfect pipe tobacco nolhinc better
rolled as a cigarette.
One and a half ounces of this choice tobacco cost"
only 5c, and with each sack you get a book of clgarctta
The other pleasures are the presents that arc secured
with the coupons in each sack of Liggett $ ATycr Duke's
Mixture. These presents delight old and young. Think
of the pleasure that jou and your friends can get from a
talking machine, free, or such articles ns fountain pens,
balls, skates, cut glass, china, silverware,
tennia racquets, fishing
rods, furniture, etc.
As a special offer,
andDeccmber only toe
will send yoa our
new illustrated cata
log of presents, FREE.
Just send ns your name,
and address on a postal.
Coupons from Ihiie't Mixture may it
assortrdvtth Inesfrom HORSES1 lOE,
J.T..TIN5LEV3 NATURAL LEAF,
GRANGER TWIST, coupons from
FOUR HOSES UOc-tin doubts coupon),
PICK PLUG CUT. PIEDMONT
CIGARETTES, CUX CIGARETTES.
i and otter tags and coupons issued by uu
valleys nnd coastlands. Caxamarca Is a Quochua
name, meaning "rock city." Caxamarqullla Is the
Spanish dlmlnutlvo of Caxamarca. Tho city In
the Rimac valley was thus called Llttlo Caxa
marca, to distinguish It. no doubt, from that other
Caxamarca to tho north, bo Intimately connected
with tho sad history of Atahualpa.
Among old writers who have treated of the
coast peoplo that preceded tho Incas, Don Fran
cisco do Avila, priest In tho principal villago of
Huarochlrl, may bo profitably consulted. His
work was translated and published by Sir Clem
ent Markham, In tho forty-olghth volumo of tho
Unfortunately, Cajamarquilla furnishes llttlo
data to tho archaeologist It contains no inscrlp
tlons, no works of nrt, and its pits havo been
opened and senrched, probably by treasure hunt
ers, who havo long since carried off any objects
of value they may havo contained.
Yet tho ruins aro of tho greatest interest for
tho beauty of their situation, their general plan,
and their adobo architecture. Cajamaraullla
must rank as ono of tho finest remains of that
mysterlouB pre-Inca civilization which existed on
tho coast between tho Pacific ocean nnd tho
mighty Andean ranges. Unllko tho masslvo
ruins on Lako TItlcaca, or tho oft-mentioned
Pachacamac, It has attracted llttlo attention on
tho part either of tourist or scientist, and Its
history do3 not exist Yet a caroful study of
its houses, with their apartments, of Its streots,
and of Its burial places may, I think, throw somo
light on tho mode of life of tho primitive peoplo
that once dwelt within it. The ethnologist may
also find somo material In tho skulls that Ho
scattered throughout tho ruined city, or burled
in its pits.
As you wander through tho Rimac valley nnd
contemplato its vast solitudes nnd crumbling
ruins, you ask yourself, what has become of tho
population. Alas, what has becomo of tho Indian
population of tho West Indies, nnd whero are
our Indians of tho United States? They havo
molted away boforo Caucasian civilization.
Somo day n patient explorer and archaeologist
may pitch his tents nmong tho ruins of Gninmnr.
qullla to study thorn in detail and force them to
rtiveal ,somo of their secrets. At least ho may
glvo us c plan of the city, and reconstruct it.
drawing somo order from Its confusion.
For tho present, Cajamarquilla Is n mystery.
It has noither history nor tradition; no' legends
cluster i-ouna it; its exlstenco Is ignored; oven
archaeologists appear to nogloct It It Is, In very
truth, a dead city of the desort.
mo keer for you like I would my own
little sister, if I had one."
Nell burled her faco In tho roses;
fticir porfumo filled tho room. With
a rush of feeling she knew she loved
this man; this "Rubo" that all her as
sociates had ridiculed and Joked
about. But could sho marry hlra?
"I I can't marry you, Theo I oh,
I'm not good enough to bo your wife.
You aro too good too honest for a
girl liko me. I"
But she got no further. Ho held
her faco between his pnlraa, looked
Btralght Into her big, brown eyes
oyes that did not waver as they re
turned his gaze.
"Llttlo Nell," ho said, "I ain't map
ryln' the girl you havo been. I want
tho girl you aro; tho gentle, honest,
swoet girl that I know is your real
self. You must forgit everything that
happened to you beforo today. Don't
talk about it; don't think about It
Begin to live today, now, tho llfo you
want to live; tho pure, clean, sweot
life of tho open country. Marry mo
and we'll go back home. Will you,
"I needn't tell you about my llfo;
that other llfo on the stage?"
"Not a word. You begin to live to
day a new lifo as my wife, Mrs. Tho
Her body swayed forward and sho
buried her faco on his Bhoulder. A
little ray of sunlight falling through
tho window mado hqr fair hair appear
liko a halo abovo her pretty head.
To Decorate a Bald Head.
"My husband," writes Mrs. Pezozzlo
to tho chaperon, "was quite bald when
1 married him, although otherwiso per
fectly gcod. I first washed his head
with a cleansing solution and n stiff
brush; then I sandpapered It, starting
with the rough paper and using each
ferado down to tho finest After that
I rubbed it at intorvnls with my bare '
hand for several days and now It Is i
lovoly. It has all tho dull rich finish '
so much admired and tho natural .
grain shows beautifully." Kansas
HUB' 1 Vlf SOi.TTT
THE mE OF
IN nifiir AND BO
18 1 hi: F1UCIS Of
Ono of the two women who sat near
tho front of tho car had been to the
theater the night beforo to see a cer
tain beautiful actress.
"How does sho hold her age?" eager
ly asked tho one who had not been.
"Well, to tell you tho truth. Mamie,
sho wore such a lovely pink dress that
I couldn't take my eyes off It the
wholo time sho wns on tho stage; so
I never thought of looking nt her face
to seo whether she held her ago or
not I should say she did, though "
Important to "Mothers
Examlno carefully every bottlo of
CASTORIA, a Bafe and sure remedy for
Infants nnd children, and seo that It
Signature of 6&S$tfM&
In Uso For Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria Thnt' Why You'ro Tired Out of Soru
nave no Appeulo.
Probably. CARTER'S LITTLE,
For Tears tho Prorlnco
of Alburtii (We
Canada) m ilia
us th Big
of llicio ranchei today
1 arn Immenso (rrnln fields
'find thn mftlA hnvi.
irlTen place to tho cultlTjtlouot
ifheat.ouls.barler and flax: thn
chAOfOhai mado many thousand! p
uk American, nemoa an tnese
plains, wealthy, but it has in
creased tho price of lira stocx.
There Is splondld opportunity
II Free Homestead
of 180 terns (and another as a pre
emption) tn the newer districts
u ml produce either cuttleor grain.
The crops are always good, tho
climate Is excellent, schools and
cbnrc lies are convenient, markets
splendid. In either Manitoba, Sas
katchewan or Alberta.
Send to the nearest Canadian
fluverninent Agent for literature,
the latest Information, railway
rates, or write: Superintendent
W. O. NETHERY,
413 Gardner Bldo., Toledo, Ohio
Is Clogged Up
Is never so when It Is ' LIVER PILLS
"I'll bet it is if you wlfo says it
Red Cross Dull Blue, nil blue, bent blulnff
value in the wholo world, makes the laun
dress smile. Adv.
"My wife can mako a tart answer."
"My wlfo can do bettor than that.
She can mako a plo speak for Itself."
J will put you right
in a lew days.
"RillnnnfMM TnrlimttnnsinflRirlr MAnrlfl?(t
leuiTi n.VV ctli. tvnen cw.it nnrW 4
iwiaui j il.iv, oranuj inti oituylov x-utJJWA
Genuine must bear Signature N
lira. Winston' Booth I nc Syrup for Children
tcethlui;. Hoflcns lUepum, reduce Inll.iniiiia
liou.allajrt. pain, cure wiud colic, lie- a bottle.
LOOKED WELL AS ANYBODY
brtly Lad Was Not Wasting
Thought as to Her Appearance
In Bathlnn Suit.
nf. StoQkwell stood on tho beach
-, bathing suit Tho tide was low
was a eifcicu 01 saining
ion her and tho breakers.
, potljr Ij-who Mt a few
- ftrvcb. euld e
but sho had seen her thus in hor am
plitude every day at bathing hour for
many weeks nnd tho phenomenon no
longer aroused hor v.onder.
"What n nico rubber cap you have,
Mrs. Stockwoll," remarked tho petite
girl, as Mrs. fltockwcll raised hor fat,
armi la tha act of drawing her cap
diver ker hair
"It't good eaougk," was tha, Wth-
H ttSHU. "Kjhi y lUlr' k', J
And uhnt do you think of my suit?"
"AJ! right," said tho petlto girl, po
Htoly. Mrs. Btockwell laughed oleaginously,
her portly person shaken to Its foundn
tlono by tho act "Why, it's nothing
but an old suit," said boo, "but it's
good enough. Tho summer's over
now, JL wouldn't got a new one. It's
not stylish, I suppose. But J can't hio
as I don't look as well as anybody
else. Nqbody looks nice," she went
oh, Bweejrlar tke dainty Inre l tke
pt!te -glcl wHk a $jtn ai critkal j ..
glance. "Thero wns only ono woman
hero this suminor whosn bathing suit
wns becoming, nnd sho's gono home.
Wo all of ub look funny and I don't
iook runnier than any one else."
The Retort Vegetarian.
"Carrots! Fino!" bawled
"How many carats fine?" queried
tho seedy looking chap sitting on tho
"Twenty-four to tho two dozen,
you dead beet." promptly answered
the huskster, an enterprising aopho
moro who was engaged In demonstrat
ing that thero is moro than ono way
to earn your college tuition.
A preachment by any other name i
would bo qulto as unwanted. W.
tYfc WATER tf,,,,.&i,WE
JOHN I rUOMPaON BOMS CO Tro', N. Y.
U., CINCINNATI, NO. 44-1912.
A class In a Harlem school was told
to wrlto letters about Potor Stuy.
veBant. "Hello!" wroto ono pupil, nd
dressing tho famous chief of Now Am
sterdam. "I'm aorry you're dead. Aro
you governor yet?" "Ho waa a very
beautirui nnd n very stubborn man,"
I wroto another. "Ho was a very good
' . II l xm . .
man, ouaorveo, anoiner writer, "hut
!ih.lBar!l1? remnrk Mrs- Stock- !l' el1 yu what I know about him
woll roller! golntlnously down into tho
sea and cHpped thfeo tiraos.
To Hi tUre Aurora Boreal.
A camera which will onablkmnttna
pioturea of tke aurora uoYtalU'to ba
-T.,..,rT -nKiHMii ayta hwmmIs
when I ceo you."
"J understand Jigaon is very eu
ceptlhlo to intoxicating drinks."
"Yes, Indeed. Sometime a xaer
wkltr out of a kttlwlll Ma
nrir vaMta miMA" -
J?!CH W CURATIVE QUALITIES -NO HAOfT FORMING DRUGS.
$3.90 $3.50 $4.00 $4.50 AND $5.00
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FOR MEN AND WOMEN
fiejrs wear W. L. Douglam $2.00, $2.BO t,$3.00 School
Shoots, bocssuao ono pair will positively outwaar two
palrm of ordinary shoes, oama am tho men' mAoom,
WJUDouglaa makes and sells more $3.00,$3.50 & $4.00 ahocs
than any other manufacturer in the world.
THE 8TANDARD OF QUALITY FOR OV6R 30 YEARS.
Tho workmanship which has made W. L. Douglas shoes famous the world
over is maintained in every pair.
Ask your dealer to show you W. L. Douglas latest fashions for fall and winter
wear, notice the thort vamps which make the foot look smaller! points In O
shoe particularly desired by young men. Also lh conservative styles which
have made W. L. Douglas shoes a household word everywhere.
If yH could visit W. L. Douglas large factories at Brockton, Mass., and sea
for yourself how carefully W. L. Douglas shoes are made, yen would then ua
Wstawl vrky tkeyare warranted to fit better, leek belter-ek? nir shape and
wear lenger than any other make for the price. eoitrCgthtt.
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