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title: 'Daily public ledger. (Maysville, Ky.) 1892-191?, November 18, 1912, Image 3',
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I,. '" . . . J&X1sa -jr. a, IT'S HERE ! '. .'H
' Ifltbtot S Wt&fttX JEFFERSON . .J
-, . .. ,. rlMJU 'i r r n 1-1 r- xj-uiri ri i t i i'jI r. i r i-nr. 1 1 . l i i r " iri Lrrii irlr r - -- , ,, t , --, r-, - n i-r-"i Y " " " " -si 1hHl
l JI,V TVSLIO LKJDOJW-tStt.
txz H tranohlse,. valuation of only
41,?89,870, and In' 1911 on a valuation
of only $4,510,320, whoreas, tho board
found tholr 1912 asscRsment should bo
914,740.857. The I,. & N. II. 11. In 1901
paid taxes on a franchise valuation ot
only $6,504,879 and in 1911 on a valua
tion of only $11,899,200, whoreas, tho
board found tholr 1912 assessment
should bo $45,428,074.
Fight Must Be to a Finish.
"I want to tell you gentlemen, that
that assessment Is fair and just, and
If we get Justice In the courts we will
win. But, no less a man than the Hon.
William J. Bryan, the great champion
of the people, has stated that courts
do not always do Justice to the peo
ple; and that other great champion of
the people, Hon. Theodore Roosevelt,
said the same thing, and recently
charged that some of the Judges he
put on the bench proved dishonest.
Gentlemen, I want you to go into this
fight, with an ardent heart and with
loyal lawyers, and fight to a finish and
to death, if necessary. Now, I want to
say to you I am no corporation hater.
I am a business man. I know we have
to have corporations, and big ones,
but we don't have to have them to the
disadvantage of tho people. I want
them to have dividends. But I do not
want them to reap them at the expense
of the people and the other taxpayers.
Let them pay what the other taxpayers
pay. Equality is all I want.
"Without exception all theso com
panies and tho two others now suing
wanted tho samo assessment for 1912
that they had In 1911. Tho Board ot
Valuation and Assessment based their
1912 assessments on convincing proof
of values placed beforo them, and the
assessments aro uniformly just and
fair, and of tho more than four hun
dred corporations assessed by the
board this year, only eight hao pio
tested in tho court, and these are
among those that havo always pro
portionately paid tho least.
State Robbed of Millions.
"In the last twelve years, since tho
death of William Goebcl, the State,
counties and cities havo been robbed
(and the word robbed is the only word
that fits tho case) of moro than ten
-'million dollars in taxes.
"I am going to prove It.
"In tho years from 1902 to 1911, In
elusive, a period of ten years, there
haB boon an average Increase Ju the
franchlso asscssinents of tho four
largest railroads In tho State of only
"Think of ItV anB this almost un
bollovnblo record of ustoulshlngly
small Increases was mado In the ten
best years for earnings that the rail
roads of this country ever saw.
Inadequate Taxation of Railroads.
"Tho picture hero presented of the
previous inadequate franchise assess
raents Is astounding, but when one
exnmlnes Into tho situation regarding
tho tangible assessments made by rail
load commissions of tho piopertlcs oi
four of the corporations now nulns
tho State, the word 'astounding' Is in
adequato and here must be supplanted
by the word 'dumbfounding' to state
more correctly what the tangible as
sessment plcturo actually presents.
- ."Take tho case of,the-C. & O R. It
and the records su6w that tho tangible
property of this company in 1892, 20
years ago, was assessed at $8,019,577
Notwithstanding tho much added mile
age of road, double tracking of a vast
system, acquiring much new real es
tate, probably more than doubling the
equipment of engines and cars, and
meantlmo Increasing by earnings tho
valuo of Its stock 650 per cent, this
company's tangible property was as
sessed in 1911 at only $G,270,270, or
21 per cent less than In 1892, 20
years ago. Further comment to show
that our Stato has been robbed Is un
"Tho other railroads havo been slm
Uarly Inadequately assessed on theli
tangiblo property for many year;.
Corporations Prevent Honest Valua
"In fact, until this year tho Board o
Valuation and Assessment has bcci
controlled In tho interest of tlu
wealthy corporations by some hook oi
crook, either friendship, political favo,
rendered or to bo rendered, brlbory o.
intimidation, but never before has tlu
State, counties or cities been glvei
what they were, rightfully entitled ti
"Another of tho many e.xamplos o
flagrant ubuso of public trust.
"I wish I could leave out of m
remarks what I am about to say, bu
' that Is Impossible under present cit
cumstances. Until now, I have sai
very little about the L. & N. Rallroao
Some may cay that I have an old an.
moslty to tho L. & N. Railroad Com
pany, because of the assassination o.
my brother. I cay, gentlemen, that l
a mistake. In my state of health ant
at my age, I have nothing but lovt
for my fellow men, whether they agret
With me or not. Next to the last wordt
that my dear brother spoke were
, these: 'They do not understand. I
forgive them.' There may be some who
now do not understand me. Gentle
men, the men elected to office did not
do their duty. I hate to oay so, but I
am hero to speak the truth, and all I
have fought for In the past seven
months is Justice and fairness for the
"Another of tho many examples" of
flagrant abUBo ot public trust is to bo
found In tho records of our Stato per
taining to tho franchlso assessments
by tho Doard of Valuation and Assess
ment of tho L. & N. It. II. In 1901 this
company's franchlso assessment was
$6,604,879. In 1902 tho aBsessmoat was
increased to $10,774,899, and tho L. &
N. brought suit to enjoin tho Stato
from collecting on tho Incrcaso o(
.said a WhI ago tht ht corpora
than thty are made to
will see that provon.
pay, and you
"In 1903 with tho validity of tha
1902 Incrcaso pending in tho United
States Court, tho Board for somo In
conceivable reason fixed tho franchlso
assessment? of this company at $2,588,
994 less than tho 1902 assessment. In
1904, with tho validity of tho 1902 in
creased assessment still pending In
tho court, tho Board fixed tho frau
chiso assessment of this compnny ut
$2,140,259 loss than the 1902 assess
ment. In March, 1905, tho suit ot the
L. & N. Company against Auditor
Coulter was decided In favor of tho
State, tho court holding tho 1902 fran
chise assessment ot $10,774,899 to bo
valid; but, notwithstanding tho fact
of this court proof of valuo ot tho
franchlso of the L. & N. Railroad, In
1902, tho assessment against this com
pany did, nt no time, reach tho equal
of the 1002 assessment of $10,774,899
until 1911, nnd this, in spite of the fact
that Milton II. Smith, president of tho
Ii. & N. 11. It., testified In tho United
States Coint at Frankfort, In 1900 that
the tangiblo property value alone of
tho L. & N. Railroad in Kentucky In
1905 was $70,000,000.
"Gentlemen, I am quoting from pub
"This is more proof of how our State
lias been robbed. Accurate information
enables mo to say for Hon. C. C. Mc
Chord and Auditor Henry M. Bosworth,
two gentlemen who served on Stato
Taxing Boards In years past, that they
were at the mercy of a majority ad
verse to their views and inclined
against tho interests ot tho people
What the Increased Valuation Means.
"What does tho hundred million dol
lar Increase mado by tho present
Board of Valuation and Assessment on
corporation franchises mean to tho
people of different sections ot the
State and to the whole State?
. Tho ono hundred million dollar In
crease means half as much as tit)
amount of tho total valuo of all the
property equalized for taxation in the
county of Jefferson, which Includes
the city of Louisville.
"Comparing tho Increase with the
counties that contain the three largest
tsecond class cities of tho Stato the in
crease equals the amount of tho totnl
value of all propetty equalized for tax
ation in the counties of Campboll, Fay
otto, Kenton and Franklin, which In
elude the cities of Nowport, Lexing
ton, Covington and Frankfort.
"Comparlug tho Incrcaso of one hun
dred million dollars with tho Western
section of tho State, it equals the
amount of tho total value of all prop
erty equalized for taxation In the en
tiro First Congressional District, em
bracing thirteen counties, nnd, In ad
dltion thereto, of all the counties oi
tho Second District, with the exeep
tiou of Henderson and Davlea.
"Comparing tho Increase of ono nun
dred million dollars with tho Central
portion ot the State, It equals the
amount of the total valuo of all prop
crty equalized for taxation In the
Eighth Congressional District, cm brae
ing ten counties, and In addition thoro
to tho county of Fayette, which In
cludes tho city of Lexington.
"Comparing the ono hundred million
dollar increase with tho Eastern sec
tlon of the State it equals tho amount
ot the total valuo ot all property
equalized for taxation in all tho coun
ties embraced In the old Ninth and
Tenth Congressional Districts, with
tho exception of tho county of Fleming,
or, in all twenty-six counties.
Crisis In Kentucky'a Affairs.
"This is a crisis In the affairs of
Kentucky. It Is a fight brought by
oight tax-dodging corporations direct
ly against tho moro than 2,000,000
souls who live In tho 98 counties of
this Stato, traversed by their lines.
"This Is a fight of wrong against
right; inequality against equality; un
fairness against fairness, and Injustice
"Those last words of my brother
'Bo bravo and fearless and loyal to the
great common people,' havo uevet
ceabed burning In my brain, and In
my heart, and when In August last 1
was beseiged to agree to a reduction
of many millions on the new 1912 as
sessments, I gave tho exact feeling
that possessed mo then and It is the
bamo today 'I would rather lose m
llfo than bo u party to a shameful
compromise of what I know rlghtfullj
belongs to the Stato and tho people.
"I am opposed to making a political
isset of tho matter of employment of
iddltlonal counsel to pay debts or pur
chaso a favor. What I havo done to
assist tho board, any other private cltl
zen could havo done. If somo of thosf
who were to quick and prompt whon
thcro was a Job In sight, to luterccdi
for cortaln attorneys, had in year
past turned their attention to reliev
ing tho sufferings of tho Stato r.nt.
peoplo from unequal taxation, thu
would at this hour bo rightfully en
titled to some consideration In the bu
lection ot special counsel.
Corporations Again Show Hand.
"I chargo, and am willing and road;
to provu It necessary, that emissaries
ot thebo corporations, who, by dark
and damnable methods, tried their best
to prevent tho Board of Valuation and
Assessment from making proper as
sessments of their property, aro toda;
moddllug In tho matter ot tho employ
ment of special counsel to assist tho
Attorney General In theso cases
against the Stato, and If thoy can con
trol the selection thoy may be do
ponded upon to pay 'any man of straw'
moro than tho Stato will agroo to pay.
"Thoro aro men who havo said In
places -to our Attorney Gonoral that
in tho employment of Attorney John
L. Rich, tho Stato bad gone far enough,
but to such mon I would, say: 'Is yout
atlons will novtr pay a
MAYSYILLE. KX.. MONDAY. NOVEMBER 18. 1912 one copy-one cent. inc ocoi CYCK! . W
; ' "" 1 nl r ditccci i rr jr
only Interest tho wolfaro of tho peoplo,
and havo you proven that thero la no
other Interest that la greater with you
than tho peoplo's interest?'
Ml would tike to see these men
'trotted out', so we all may know what
they look like and what their connec
"It was determined and partly ar
ranged to employ Louis D. Brandels,
'Tho Peoplo's Lawyer,' of Boston, as
published on April 12, 1912, In tho
making of tho tentative and final as
sessments by tho Board, it necessary,
but wo did without his services, and
now that tho assessments havo been
mado and tho eight big corporations
havo Instituted suit against tho Stato
it 1b hoped that If Mr. Brandels, who Is
now spoken ot as likely to bo a mem
ber of President Wilson's cabinet, Is
unablo to accept employment in de
fense of tho Stato's Interest, there will
bo employed ono or two other counsel,
tho best to bo had In tho United States,
whom Mr. Brandels may recommend
to tho Attorney-General to assist in
representing the Stato.
"Ability, known loyalty to tho cause
and assured freedom from corporation
taint, should be tho gnugo to govern In
the selection of an attorney to assist
In tho defense of tho State's, and the
"Whon ilrst I determined to give
myself to this work of compelling ade
quato taxation of corporations, I knew
they would Invoko every power of the
world, tho flesh nnd tho devil that
could possibly, by fair means or foul,
bo commanded to aid them to provent
tho carrying out of my designs, which
wero already a part of tho Just law of
tho land, and I havo not been disap
pointed. Committee To Assist Lawyers.
"For years I havo known tho public
men of tho Stato and from in any
eligible to bo chosen for such service
I havo thought ot somo who havo
studied theso questions and who know
who can bo trusted to assist in the
effort to havo your counties enjoy
what tho law intended, and what the
presont State Board of Valuation and
Assessment by its 1912 assessments
has made possible of realization. Those
men I am not afraid to trust to act in
an advisory capacity In tho premises,
they aro and havo been prominent In
tho affairs of tho State. I refer to
Governor James B. McCreary, Attorney-General
Jamos Garnett, Hon, Cas
slus M. Clay, of Bourbou County, and
Hon. James RIchatdsou of Barren
County. I would llko to bo honored by
bolng on that committee, because of
my lnflnlto Interest In this matter. 1
havo drawn r form of contract which
I shall read and hand to your Secre
tary and submit for your considera
tion. I feol that its fairness will at
once address Itself to your honest In
telllgonce, and I beg that you return
to your home county and uigo upon
tho Individual members of your county
fiscal court that ft bo promptly ex
ecuted, so that our forces may be en
listed and organized for this legal bat
tie, tho first skirmish of which must
bo fought on the 20th day of the pres
ent month In the Fedoral Court here
Plan for Securing Counsel.
"This, of course, only with the un
derstanding that your fiscal court will
want to make any contract at all for
special counsel. I have never thought
much of this plan for securing the em
ployment of the needed special coun
sel In these cases because, at best,
when special counsel are employed
and paid, the people bear the expense
and if the counties rather than the
State employ and pay, It Is only taking
money out of the left-hand pocket
Instead of the right the people, In the
end, have to pay all the expense any
way, I turned to this plan only when I
found or there seemed to be no other
way to satisfy tho Attorney General
and to get for the people the needed
special counsol. The Attornoy General
himself proposed to me the 20 per
cent as a fee to be paid by the coun
ties to Mr. Rich, and said that he would
secure the making of such a contract
with Mr. Rich by five counties, and
named them. When this matter was
first proposed to me I said I would
have nothing to do with tho matter
unless there was a clause In the con
tract which would give absolute pro
tectlon to the people to prevent any
lawyer from being paid an excessive
fee for the services rendered. I have
labored for months and years to bring
about tho assessment made In 1912
and that without compensation, and It
III becomes any man to say that he
has a greater desire to economize In
the Interests of the people than have
I. In the form of contract, I shall sub
mit, I have safeguarded the people by
providing a committee of honorable
men to see to it that no man have
more than a reasonable fee and that,
together with all other expenses to
the counties, to be within the limit of
the 20 per cent suggested by tha At
"Tho eight suits that havo boen
brought against the Stato and conn
tios must bo fought through all Fed
oral and Stato courts and aro ot vital
importanco. They involvo for tho Stato
$382,389 and for tho countlos, cities
and taxing districts $823,396, or a total
unnualy ot $1,205,785.
"I fool that your approval of the
form of contract which I havo sub
mitted will provo your loyalty to your
constituents nnd In tho end will ac
complish great and ovorlaBtlng good
for your homo county peoplo and all
A Saddening Picture.
"Behind tho scenes there Is a pic
ture that la saddening to me In con
nectlon with all this matter. Our
State, the jjreat State of Kentucky, Is
rendered Impotont, because the Gov
srnor. the chlefexscutlva of our State,
, m THE..g?E KEYSTONE CONSTRUCTION CO. 1
lBK THE SKELETON Now LocaUd at th 1
IHMg 1'oweri Comedy. jtji
1 WP' THE HOME CQMINQ o... ..... . . ' JS
IIY DO PEOPLE ALWAYS LAUGH AT
n nxwly married couplt? Wbai's tbe
juU? I bbvo always fijurod that the
time to laugh is when they go. down town with
their first btliy.
and the Attorney General cannot agree
as to the need of the people. The
Governor Is In favor of additional
counsel, and the Attorney-General says
he has enough, and Is willing to accept
the responsibility of this fight, and
carry on these suits with the forces
he now haB. I say the responsibility
Is too much to ask him, to assume.
"We are lighting a monster, we are
fighting a demon that will resort to
anything and they tried everything
but murder to prevent the board from
making these assessments.
"They have attempted to ccrrupt
the Board of Valuation and Assess
ment, and they will go further to at
tain their end. If they can, they will
corrupt the courts, as they have done
ere this. And that is what I want to
convince ,ou of and warn you against.
Protect yourselves and others In these
cases and have lawyers who will make
the facts so clear that there can be
but one course open to the courts, and
then they will follow It."
Mi iiu qimluy nd Clntt Itclgu Suprnnr
g I T ilr MuHnro and Night.
tfQRlD'S CHArrPIONSHIP BASEBAll
SERIES OF lO'SBCSTOH RED SOX
VS. NEW YOU GIANTS
PATNE WEEUY NO. 43
Vitntrmi ii Urumu,
A ft'Htbre IjII1.
Candy ulven away Friday nluht,
O t Sel."
Central Presbyterian Church
There will be pedal aeiricea e?eiy night
hla week. TbI H a week of prayer In tbt
mtereat of Lome m reform, a cauau wh ch should
TRORe tU tLoDk'Lt and prayer tf tverjr Chrl
liar. Everybody i cordU y Invited. Sm
vIcp? oi(h nli;hl at 7 o'c'ock
Tbe Southern Medical Association
nill meet ncv ear in Lexington.
John Uarcklcy, 33, had hia right
arm torn off in a corn shredder near
Theodore Fleming of Scott county
win lurmsn rreeiucnt-eiect Wilson a
Christmas tut key, a gift of South
Cable from Santos, Brazil, etatea
that Sao 1'aulo Government estimate!
next Santos coffco crcp at about 9,
000,000 biiga .
It is retorted that the Republican
leaders have decided not to name
man to succeed the late Jamos Sher
man as candidate for Vice-President.
Balkan war practically at end fol
lowing Turkey's appeal for armistice,
Daugerof Knropcan wnr believed to be
passed. Seivia yields to Austria
matter of port on Adriktic.
l'rcBident Taft sets Panama Canal
tolls at $1 20 a net ton for vessels car
rying passengers and cargo, 72 cents
a ton for those in ballast and from 50
cents to $1 a ion for warships. "
K. M. Johnston, Editor of The
Houston Post, nil! fill tho unexpired
term of Seuator Bailey of Texas, who
has quit public life to take up tho
practice of law in New York City.
Attorney General Wickersham,
speaking at financo forum, said that
when suits now pending under the
Sherman law are decided there will be
left no corporation so large that it is a
menaco to public welVo.
According to reports in the Depart
ment of Vital Statistics at the city
hall, 22 patients died of tuberculosis
at tho Eastern Kentucky Asylum in
Lexington last year. Twenty-nine
died at that institution of pellagra,
Judge 0. O. Turner of Jit. Sterling,
who visited tho Court of Appeal, it is
understood, will succeed, Judgo Itobert
Winn December 1st. Ill will receive
his certificate ot election fiom (he Sev
enth Appellate District November 96th.
i ii. i i. ni M.r.i .i. i ,i i ml
Eclair ooumwcsi corner or uanK ana aeconu streets, g
w ... ,r
The luoky number on tbe M0 It U.K73.
The bolder of tho lucky coupon mutt ap
pear by Monday night at 7 o'clock or a
second drawing will take ilace at the end'
of the flritthow.
Second-Hand Material of
the Hall House
Sold by the Home Tobacco Company.
COUGHUN & GO.
NoJto'f, rintXatlonnl IlnuU nulldbtc,
aiAYMVILLK, It Y.
Loal and I.oi-r 'Office No. &5S.
Distance Fhonei f Ketldeuoa No. 127.
(8:13 am .r:36ao
8-40 p m.....J:15 p n
U. S. ELMS, Agent.
Chesapeake & Ohio
Schedule effsotlve Juo.
3.IVIX. Sublet to chang
TRAINS LBAYE MAYSYILLE, KY.
6:18 a.m., 8.31 a in.,
5:13 u. m. .daily.
6:10 a. in., 8:11 a. m.,
1 .3: J p. ai dally, total.
1:M p.m., 8:00 b. h
10:34 p.m. dally.
BlJia. m., BftJ p. m
irr. w. wiicow, Aot.
Dr. P. G. SMOOT
Eye, Ear, Nose,
t.la lajn, m. 4(o o;P. aa.
11 AppolnlnMiat uly.I
MISS TCRA TURNER ;i auoclalcd Id tbe
ofllce wltli Dr. Smoot.
tllii Turner Ii a graduate nune and kat had
uterl yuan aoipltal experience Id tbe nie of
UATI1S, MASSAGK and
FOR THK TREATilBNTOP
Aad li fully preparad for tha wort. A ay ona da-
il'lau tier lerrioet will rind her at Dr. S moot 'i
offlon, where itie can be ooniulted batwceii the
houri of U and IS a. m, anil 1 to 4 s. w. Sundaya
by appointment only.
THK LKDOUK lnwta Id
all, nnd Is the farorlte iup
of tha people.
Offers the greatest opportunity of tbe season for the purchase of
your Winter Footwear. Buying, as we do, in unlimited quanti
ties, we are able to offer you values at great price reductions.
Is the time for you to lay in a supply of Winter Shoes and Rub
bers. Our stock is complete in every detail.
REMEMBER, It's Not What You MAKE; It's What You.
SAVE That Counts !
SO BE HERE
WWW ' f i i i n i iU-H
la now ready for business, with
engineers, etc., with competent
and will contract tu build from
Buy Your Coal Now
While prices are down and the supply
is full. DON'T WAIT UNTIL COLD
WEATHER. Strikes at the mines
will make the supply short and high
prices will result. WE HAVE 100,
OOO bushels in our yards. BUY NOW.
Kanawha and Pomeroy Coals
Chestnut Coke for Furnaces
G. W. McVaniel $ Co.
PLVM STREET and POPL4R STREET.
THE BEST .WHISKIES, APPLE BRANDY,
PEACH BRANDY, GIN AND WINES i&TKE
WORLD AT PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES. x
Satisfaction Ruarantesd or money refunded. We" don't
handle rectified, blended or compounded goods of any kind
whatever. If quality counts, if purity is an object, if mone
saving moans anything to you, we should have your trade.
MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.
iO. fl. P. THOMAS
ninvcviiip iv r i 'K
a corps of efficient architects,
workmanship, heat o( materials,
the very smallest to the greatest
S. B. CHUNN, Manager,
Modern Plumbing, Steam
and Hot Water Heating !
High quality of Gaa 'Vork a Spooialty.
Handle Only the Uestot material. Dealer
in Brass Valves and Fittings, Has rjtOYCfe
and Ranges, All Sizes ot Hewer Pipe.
& CO. mA
H. Means I
"-n 3 M ii ' i Tu i-fcLr i'