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, A Short History of the Tariffs.
One proof that protection is on the decline
is the retreat from the position oi
"high tariff with incidental revenue," to
" low tariff for a revenue.",, The yielding
of dogmatisms in trade is we'll illustrated
in the United States. In 1776 the duties
averaged 8 J per cent. This average increased
rapidly, until in 1792 it reached
13$ per cent.
lJamilton, in his report,, on manufac:
tures, advocated an increased tariff for the
development of a growing country. Up to
1812 the duties had been so light, comparatively
speaking, that they did not afford
any protection. After the war of 1S12 the
country was tilled with the mushroom
growth's of manufactories, spoken of in a
previous paper. To protect these Congress
began an onerous system that has lasted
so many years. The duties in 1S1G averaged
30 per cent.; in 1824 they went up to
37 percent; in 1832 the minimum point
of the protection policy was reached. The
mad force had expended itself,- and the
tidal wave of free trade set in, gathering
power as it flowed. During the year of
1832 the celebrated compromise bill of
Clay, a concession to South Carolina nullification,
provided for a gradual reduction
of tariffs until the year 18-12,, in which
year the duties were to he reduced 20 per
cent. The light skirmishing of Senatorial
warfare on the bill having been finished,
the artillery began to play. Before 1832
free trade had always been on the defensive;
now the tables were turned, and it
assumed the offensive. IJayne, of .South
Carolina, showed the evil neccessarily attendant
upon high duties since public
sentiment was beginning to turn against
them. Benton, of Missouri, made one
thrust at the tottering system ; this occasioned
a heavy reduction in salt duty. Numerous
articles were added to the free
list. Gradually societies were .formed to
oppose protection. Hayne said that it
nursed smuggling, and quoted some temporary
writer, as follows:
"The excessive duties placed by Spain
on foreign commodities has converted
over one hundred thousand otherwise
honest men into smuggle! s." It began
to be seen that trade between the two nations
had a tendency to repress war on
the part of these nations. More fiee the
trade or communication theless likelihood
of war. Ignoivuce of the strength of an
opponent engenders a braggadocio spirit
and self-conceit. Protection represses intercourse
to a certain extent, and this must
make a war easier of occurrence. Many
think that the war of 1812 would have
been settled like the Alabama claims had
there been free trade steam navigation and
telegraph, rendering communication quick
and easy as possible.
Even so conservative a journal as
Monthly admits that protection is
dying out, and " that though the world is
not yet ready for free trade it will ultimately
be adopted and will morally ennoble
the world." The system, as generally
recognized to-day, is not to foster
any branch of industry, but to acquire a
In thus rapidly sketching the raise and
decline of protection in the United States,
it is worthy of note that the constitution
of the Southern Confederacy recognized
the injustico of the protective system in
the following clause : "No bounties shall
be granted from the Treasury, nor shall
any duties, of taxes, on importations from
foreign nations be said to foster any branch
of industry; and all duties, imports, and
excise shall be uniform throughout the
General Hancock and the Wounded Artilleryman.
At. the recent visit of General Hancock
to the city of Little Kock, Arkansas, while
a military salute of thirteen guns was
being tired at the arsenal, a premature
discharge blew off three lingers and a
thumb from the hand of a brave soldier
named Geitz. The whole hand was amputated
above the wrist In the hospital General
Hancock visited him, expressing his
heartfelt sympathy, and in conversation
with him said: "Well, my gallant friend,
we all deeply deplore the accident; and
now let me assure you that so long as I
live you shall never want for anything."
"The bravest are the tenderest."
Governor Hubbard, of Minnesota, has
appointed II. I. Baldwin, of Redwood
J?alls, Judge of tho Ninth Judicial District
in place of E. St. Julian Cox, impeached
Sarah Bernhault has married a . Greek
Kentucky Centra! R. R.
THE MOST DESIRABLE RO VIE TO
OJS'L 1' JLIJS'E R UXJXIA U
FEEE PAELOE CAES.
Lexington and cincinnat i
Time table in effect .March 31,'lbSl.
Leave Lexington 7:30 a. in. 2:15 p. in.
Leave Maysville 5:15 a. m. 12:30 p. in.
Leave Paris 8:'10 a. in. 3:U5 p. in.
Leave Cynthiana 8:55 a.m. 3:10p.m.
Leave Falmouth 10:00 a. in. 4:iU p. in.
Arr. Cincinnati 1 1:45 a. in. 0:30 p. in.
Leave Lexington -1:35 p. in.
Arrive Maysville 8:15 p. m.
Free Parlor Car leave Lexington at ...2:15 p. m.
Free Parlor Car leave Cincinnati at. ..2:00 p. i n.
0losec6niiectr6if inside" iii Ciheinnarnor"aff
points North, East and West. Special rates to
emigrants. Ask the agent at the above named
places for it time folder of" Blue Grass Route."
Round trip tickets from r.Iaysvllle and Lexington
to Cincinnati sold at reduced rates.
For rnteson household goods and Western
tickets address W. C. SADDLER,
Agt., Maysville, Ky.
C. L. BROWN,
Gen'l Pass, and Fi eight Agt.
Covington, Flcmiiigsuurg and Pound Gay
Connecting with Trains on K. C. R. R.
Leave Fi.emingshukg for Johnson Station:
5:15 a. m. Cincinnati Express.
9:13 a. m Maysville Accommodation.
3:25 p, m. Lexington.
7:02 p. m. Maysville Express.
Leave Johnson Station for Flemingsbnrg on
the arrival of Trains on the K. C. R. R.:
(1:23 a. m. 1:00 p. m.
9:48 a. in. :37 p. m.
For Ripley, Dover, ICiKinsnort, An-Kusta,
Cliilo, Foster, Moscow, Kcw
Richmond ami Cincinnati.
MORNING HI AM, E.S. Morgan, Master
F. A. Bhvson and Roby McCain, Clerks.
o.Tzri , .Leavinc rviavsvll e ar nriso
is .la. in. Arriving at Cincinnati
at 5 p. in.
Cincinnati, Wheeling and Pittsburg.
. DAILY 5 P. M., PACKET LINE.
J. N. WiiiiiiAMSON, Sup't, Office 4 Pub. Lan'g.
Monday SCOTIA F. Maratta.
Tuesday St. LA WHENCE- Wm, List.
Wed'y KATIE STOCKDALE.-Calhoon.
Thursday HUDSON Sanford.
Friday ANDES-C. Muhleman.
Sat'y EMMA GRAHAM H. Knowles.
Freight receiveu on McCoy's
wharf boat, foot Main
st.. at all hours. J. Shearer
& Co.,Ronse & Mosset, Agents.
Cincinnati, l'orlsninntli. Sandy A
Pomcroy Packet Company.
John Kyj,k. Pies. H. E. Gkeene, Sec.
L. Glenn, 1 reus. W. P. WaIjKEu, Jr., Agent.
C. and O. R. R. Packet fok Huntington.
FLEETWOOD-Daily, 1 P. M. BOSTON A.
For Pomeroy and All Way Landings.
OHIO Mondays, Thursdays, 5 P. M.
TELEGRAPH Tuesdays, Fiidays, 5 P. M.
POTOMAC Wednesdays, Saturdays, 5 P.M.
Portsmouth, nil Mall and Way Landings.
BONANZA. Tues'ys, Thurs'ys. Satur'ys, 12 M.
Maysville, All Mnil and Way Landings.
MORNING MAIL Daily. Leave Cincinnati
7 A. M. Maysville, 3 P. M.
Freight received on wharf-boat,
loot of Hroadway. C.
M. HOLLO WAY,
Vitiieebiirgr, Mays v tile ami Cincinnati
W. P. THOMPSON H. L. Redden, Capt.
Moss Taylor, Purser.
H. Redden and A. O. Mofse. Clerks.
Leaves vanceuurg Kiuiuays,
rPimclnu n twl MM in vcrlntrc
A. UVOUttJ KJ IHM Atlltll.UIJ Ot
Leaves Cincinnati Mondays.
Wednesdays and Fridays. For freight or pas
sage apply on board.
Ymiceburff, Home, Concord. Manclics
icr ami Maysville Daily Packet,
1IAN1H Bruce Redden, Capt.
R. L. Bruce, Clerk.
Loves vaiiceburg dally at
5 o'clock a. m. for Maysville.
Leaves Maysville at 1:80 p. in'
Goes to Ripley Mondays, Wednesdays and
Friday. Connects at Manchester with stage
lor West en
lion. For freight or passage apply.
SAMUEL J. DAUGHERTY,
Second Bt Opposite Myall & Riley's,
Freestone Pavemonts and all kinds of Building
Stone on hand. Having had an experience
of thirty-two years In tho business, 1 oiler my'
services to the public, confident of rendering
Ventilated Egg Case.
Patented February 15, 1S81.
Indispensible to Merchants Shippers
The outside fiamc of this carrier contains live
trays, held in place by (listeners at end of case,
as seen in cut. These Truys are constructed in
reversible .halves. The above cut shows one
whole tray filled leady lobe placed in case, each
egg resting in its card bom d socket in such a
manner as to be readily counted, candled, or
transferred from tray to tray, or ease to case,
For cold storage this case will store GO dozen
with racks made to receive the half trnvs. hence
this is the cheapest storage case manufactured,
saving largely in space.
The manner of Holding the eggs oh end prevents
oscillation, addling, or breinige, and adds
greatly to their freshness when carried long in
storage. Size of 30 dozen No. 1 cases 25x12x14,
weighs 20 pounds.
PRICES IN CHICAGO.
Shipper's No. 1, 30 floss. Case with Fillers
complete (ift Cents.
Farmer's Ho. 1, 18 loz. Case with Fillers
complete, ... ft5 Cemts.
Cardboard ft'illers lor refill ing: 20Cents.
15 per cent, discount on lots ol'JUO cases.
Ratclielder's 12;;y Tester, t stiller doz.
at onee, saves to buyers many
times its cost each season.
By special arrangements made by the manufacturers
ot th is case most Railroads will receive
them as fourth class lrcight
The IS dozen case made especially for Farmers'
use, sent to any address by express, with
out nailing, with full directions lor setting up,
on receipt of SO cents. Every Farmer and consumer
should have one of these cases, it will
save its cost every month. Agents wanted in
every county. Address,
(In ordering mention this paper.)
09 South Water St., C
We have reopened our Seed Store on
Market Street one door above tho Red Corner
Clothing Store and have on hand an entirely
new stock of
We have also Seed Potatoes, Onion Setts,
Greenhouse and Bedding Plants, Fruit and Ornamental
Trees and Cabbage, Tomato and
Sweet Potato Plants of all varieties In season,
Also a full stock of Florists' Goods of all kinds
at wholesale or retail.
mane to order at snort notice.
C. P. DIET! RICH & BRO.
IEstafolisii.ed. in. 1G29.
STOVE and TIN Store
C. H.FRANK & CO,
5 . SecoM street,
XU1H W I 11 J I
as successors to Jos. Frank ASon.,
Would respectfully slate they aro receiving
and will keep a, full supply of "Wood and Coal
Cooking Stoves combined of most modern improvements
Wood Cooking and HeatingStoves
of all kind on hand with a lull line of Grates,
Hollowaro, Stoneware, Tin, Japanned, Wood
and Willowware, which wo oiler such inducements
that cannot fall to please. AVoask the
public To call and examine our stock and s20
for themselves. Particular attention paid 'to
Job work. 5 west Second street, below Sutton.
O. H. FRANK & CO.
ftCCa week in your owir town. Terms and
POOs5 outfit' free. Address II. HJiT,Krrfe Co..
CITY AM) COUNTY DIUEOTOJi.
Courts Circuit Court.
Commonwealth's Attorney T. A. Cumin.
Clerk-B. D. Parry.
Jailer Ed. Gault.
Tuesday alter second Monday in January
April, July and October in each year.
County Attorney J. L. Whituker.
Clerk-W. W. Ball.
Second Monday oi each month.
Tuesday after second Monday In March, June
September and December In each year.
Maysville, No. 1. W. H. Pollock and J. L
Grant, first and third Tuesdays in March, June
September and December,
Maysville, No. 2. Wm. Pepper and W. L
Holt on, first Saturday and fourth Tuesday
Dover, No. a A. A. Gibbon and A. F. Dobyns
(list and third Wednesday, same month.
Minerva, No. 4-0. N. Weaver and J. IT. Watson,
first and third Tuesdays, same months.
uermaniown, iNo.fi a. F. Pollock and James
Fegnn, lirstund third Saturdays, same months.
iMiidis, No. 6-.T. M. Ball and J. W. Tilton,
second and fourth Saturdays, same months.
Mayslick, No. 7 C. W. Williams and J. D
Raymond, second and fourth Fridays, same
Lewisburg, No. 8-J. M. Alexander and
Abu or Hord, second and fourth Thursdays,
Orangeburg, No. 5 W. D. Coryell and W. J.
Tully. lirst Saturday and last Monday, same
Washington, No. 10 John Ryan and James
Smithers, fourth Tuesday and third Wednesday,
Murphysville, No. 11 Lewis Jefferson and
E. L. Gault, fourth Monday and third Thursday,
Fern.-Leaf, No. 12-S. E. Mastin and J. B.
Burgess, second and fourth Saturdays, saint
Maysville, No. 1-J. P. Wallace.
Maysville, No. 2 W. L. Moran.
Dover, No. 3-W. B. McMillan.
Minerva, No. 4 James Runyon.
Germantown, No. 5 Isaac Woodward.
Sardls, No. 0-J. A. Collins.
Mayslick, No. 7 Thomas Murphy.
Lewisburg, No. 8 S. M. Strode.
Orangeburg, No. 9- Thomas Hise.
Washington, No. 10 James Gault.
Murphysville. No. 11 W. R. Prather
Fern Leaf, No. 12-B. W. Wood.
Society Meetings Mosonic.
Confidence Lodge, No. 52, first Monday ol
Mason Lodge, No. 312, third Monday of each
Maysville, Chapter, No. 0, second Monday of
Maysville Commandery, No. 10, fourth Monday
of each month.
I. O. O. P.
Pigali Encampment, No. 9, second and
fourth Mondays in each months at 7 o'clock.
DeKalb Lodge, No. 12, Tuesday night, each
week, at 7 o'clock.
Ringgold. No. 27, Wednesday night, each
week, at 7 o'clock.
K. of I.
Limestone Lodge, No. 36, Friday night of
I. O. W. Bf .
Wednesday night each week, at their hall on
Sodality B.V. Iff.
Second and fourth Sundays in each month;
at their ballon Limestone street.
Fattier Matlicw T. A. S.
First Suuday in each month, at their hall on
Nf Patrick's Benevolent Society.
Second Sunday in each month, at their ha
on Limestone street.
Cigar Makers' Union.
Fhst Tuesday night in each month,
I. O. ,T.
Monday night ol each week.
K. C. R. R.. ariives at 9;30 a. m. and 8:15 p. m
Departs alo:45 a. m. and 12 in.
Bonanza, down Monday, Wednesday and
Fridays at ii p. m. Up Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday at 8 p. in.
The Board of Council meets the first Thursday
evening in each month.
Mayor Horace January.
President L. Ed. Pearce.
First Ward-Fred. Bcndel.E.D Nute, L. Ed,
Second Ward Dr. G. W. Martin, Thomas J
Chenoweth, M. C. Hutchins.
Third Ward Matt. Pearce, Richard Dawson
David II echinger.
Fourth J. Phister, B. A.
John W. Alexander.
Fifth Ward Wm. B. Muthows James Hall
Treasurer and Collector E. E. Pearce.
Clerk Harry Taylor.
Marshal-E. W. Fitzgerald.
Deputies. J w,n Daws0Ili
Wharfmaster Robert FIckliii.
Wood and Coal Inspector Peter Parker.
Market master M. T. Cockerill..
City Physician Dr. J.T. Strode.
Keeper of Alms House Mrs. S. Mills.
p Ij. WORTIIINGTOrV,
ATTORNEY AT jLAW,
OFF1 OK CO UJt T STREET,
march 11, 1880. MAYSVILLE, KY.