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The Winchester news. (Winchester, Ky.) 1908-19??, November 30, 1908, Image 3

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r r J t THE WINCHESTER NEWS Page T6rer
T
t
f RECIPE FOR GOOD BREAD
BREADar
Ingredients and ConiAositionof the
Lifew
r
It
jfc new and good recipe for making
bread is as follows To one quart
of equal parts water and sweet milk
lukewarm add two cakes of com
tipressed yeast and stir until completely
Then add a teaspoonful of
salt and three tablespoonfuls of sugar
When these are dissolved stir in well
aifted warm flour until a dough is
formed sufficiently stiff to turn out
from the mixingbowl on the mould
ing board In a mass The amount of
flour required to do this is about three
quarts To this flour may be added a
large teaspoonful of lard the result
is excellent Knead this dough add
ing if necessary a sprinkle of flour
from time to time until it becomes
smooth and elastic and ceases to stick
tithe fingers or the board Then put
it into a wellgreased earthern bowl
brush lightly with melted lard cover
with a woolen cloth or blanket and
set to rise in a warm place for two
hours or until light Then knead it
thoroughly and again place it in the
i bowl covering as before and put
away for about ah hour in a warm
place until light Then form gently
into loaves place in greased bread
pans and brush over with melted lard
When IIghtjO bake 45 minutes in an
oven that will brown flour in five min
utes
V POACHED SALMON STEAK
Dish That Requires Care But Is Well
Worth the Trouble
Two salmon steaks each about half
a pound three cupfuls of fish stock
one gill of claret one tablespoonful of
flour one and a half tablespoonfuls of
b i er haK an ounce of glaze six
woe white peppers salt and pep
>
See the fish is neatly trimmed and
if necessary tie a slice in shape with
a string or tape
Put the stock whole peppers and
claret into a saucepan when these
reach the boiling point lay in the sal
mon and let it simmer gently for
20 minutes or till the flesh can
easily be pushed away from the center
piece of bone
Meanwhile melt the butter in a
saucepan add the flour and carefully
fry it a good brown Strain In about
0tWQ cupfuls of the stock the salmon
was poached in and stir this sauce
over the fire until It bolls Add the
glaze and season it carefully
lift the cooked salmon out on to a
hot dish and strain over the prepared
sauce
sa1
F Chicken a la Vanderbilt
Cut up a large chicken in small
pieces Cook in salt water tie up sev
eral pieces of celery a piece of carrot
and a bit of parsley add pepper and
a little ginger to taste Slice a good
sized onion and a small piece of gar
lie Cover chicken with about eight
cups of water and cook until tender
then skim off fat Melt a good sized
piece of butter and when It Is a lit
tie brown add three tablespoonfuls of
thoree II
Hour cook a minute th add water
of a large can of mushrooms Add I
bouillon of chicken three tablespoon
fuls of cream and last of all the cut
up mushrooms Lay chicken In gravy I
and sprinkle with fine chopped pars
ley Serve with boiled rice
f i
Cheap Apple Jelly
The apple has so undecided a fla
4 vor that it combines readily with
quinces grapes or peaches giving the
whole a delightful flavor and helping
grapes and peaches which lack the
Jellying principle in themselves firm
ness and body Take fdr example
equal quantities of peach and apple
skins preferably the red skins Add
also cores peach stones and inferior
pieces of fruit Cover with cold wa
ter And cook until tender Strain
cook twenty minutes add an equal
quantity of sugar cook five minutes
ion ger then pour into sterilized
I classes
Eggplant au Gratin
JoPeer two eggplants and cut in half
J inch slices Season with salt and pep
per and cover with flour Cook to a
deep yellow on both sides In a suit
able saucepan put a tablespoonful
each of butter and flour stir and
I cook and add a cupful of boiling milk
and salt and pepper to taste Make
layers of eggplant and sauce in an
earthenware baking dish cover sur
face With bread crumbs mixed with
twice their volume of grated cheese
dot a tablespobnful of butter over it
rand bake it in a hot oven for 25 min
r
utes
tOyster Rarebit
Clean and remove the hard muscle
from half pint of oysters parboiling
them in their own liquid until the
edge begins tp curl Put a tablespoon
ful of butter and a half a pound of
cheese broken in small pieces and
onehalf spoonful of salt and mus
tard and a few grains of cayenne
While the butter Is melting beat ten
eggs slightly and add to the oyster
liquor Stir this gradually into the
melted cheese add the yolk of eggs
turn out at once over the hot toast
ti Orange Delight
A cake without milk Half cupful
jf butter one and threequarters cup
uls of sugar two eggs one cupful of
range juice the grated rind of one
range two tablespoonfuls of lemon
jice two and a half cupfuls of flour
king powder Mix butter and one
ipf ul of sugar to a cream Beat eggs
ith the remainder of the sugar Add
Vinge rind and juiceof orange and
on rind Stir in flour and baking
Vder Put In layer pans and bake
tit 20 minutes Fill with orange
ng and cover with orange glaze
I
J r
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f t I J
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II
t
TILE 0 VOUR LAND AND
INCREASE YOUR CROPS
TenoC the Most Important Benefits Derived from Drainage
rBy Elmer OFippin New York
Because of the fundamental char
acter of the process of drainage its
effects are numerous and far reaching
Ten of the most important ones may
b given as follows
lb 1 Drainage removes the excess of
water from the surface and from the
pores In the soil thereby rendering it
more firm
Poorly drained soil has the twofold
disadvantage of lack of stability and
firmness and great susceptibility to
physical modifications injurious to
most farm crops Such injury may be
caused by any tillage operations by
tramping and by the natural drying of
the soil
2 Drainage Is directly operative to
change an unfavorable physical con
x dition into a de
sirable one as
2 well as to reduce
the tendency to a
Correct Form of
Union of Twobad Physical con
Lines of Tiledition of the soil
It may bring about I
the change from a puddled to a granu I
lar soil Such physical changes are I
most pronounced in fine textured soil I
The change is produced primarily by I
the alternate wetting and drying to I
which welldrained soil is subject I
Poorly drained soil is usually in a
bad physical condition It is compact
and impervious It is well known
that the tilth of a soil rapidly im
proves as a result of drainage
3 Contrary to h frequent belief
drainage increases the amount of
moisture available to crops This is
the result of two factors First when
the soil Is granulated to the condition II
of good tilth the total capillary ca
pacity is increased The soil is then
able to both readily absorb the rainfall
and to retain a
larger proportion Y
of it than would
otherwise be pos
1sable
sable against the v
time of dry weatht j r
er Second the 1 1
wider and deeper 3 J L
distribution of the l
plant roots in i +
drained than in
ofwet
wet soil puts them
ain a
in reach of a mucho
smooth curve In
Inlarger
larger reservoir of
moisture Irrl n
This
moisturelhis efdit T
ditch
hfec
feet Is well knownc
to those who have had experience in
tile draining
4 Drainage promotes the aeration
of the soil that is the exchange be
tween the soil air and the external
air A supply of oxygen is necessary
to the proper growth of the living or
ganisms in the soil Such a supply
Is largely if not entirely excluded
from a saturated soil The removal
of the water makes
a place fbr air and
i the granulation or
looseningup pro
cess which occurs
A method of facilitates the
Joining lateral to movement of the
the main line ofair into and outof
metpe soil The sup
ply of air increas
es the food available by its direct ac
ton on the minerals in the soil and
by promoting the growth of desirable
bacteria It also hinders or prevents
the growth of many undesirable bac
teria
5 Drainage permits the soil to
maintain a higher average tempera
ture than is possible on wet soil
Parkes found in the peat bogs in Lan 1
cashire England that at a depth of
seven Inches the
drained soil was
15 warmer than
the undrained soil
and at a depth of
11 Inches the
drained soil was
still 17 ° warmer
John Johnston
I wrote in 1853 < I
Such fields un Another method
drained must gen of connecting a
erally be left late lateral with the
thein <
tilehaps
work favorablyand in the autumn
the frost wilr inflict an Injury
These observations emphasize one
other very important effect of drain
age in this connection It lengthens
the growing season by permitting the
land to be cultivated and seeded ear
Mer in the spring and by keeping up
the temperature In the fall In the
southern part of the state on the high
hills where It Is difficult to mature
corn even in the favorable seasons
It may be readily seen how important
to the farmer this extension of the
growing season In many cases the
O difference is that
between a success
ful crop and a fail
ure
6 Drainage In
creases the avail
able food supply
in the solI This re
sults from the ef
7 feet of drainage on
The most com the moisture re
mon method of taming capacity
Joining a lateral the temperature I
to main line or the aeration and
tile the growth of soil
bacteria The ad
mission of air acts directly on the
minerals as an oxidizing agent there
by rendering some of them more solu
ble The increased temperature In
sreases the solution processes and
oth the aeration and higher tempera
1
<
tll
t t r f T
t >
r
ry
1
ture promote the larger growth of
Iture bacteria which Are vitally related
to the plant food supply
7 Drainage en
ables the plant to
make a better use
of the food and
moisture supply in
the soil The roots
of most farm
crops will not de
velop into a satur A neglected out
ated soil
If the
let In bad condl
water table is
at tlon as a result of
bankfa
face the roots
roo sProb
Probablyout acceler
spread out later
laterated
trampingally
ally instead of pen of stock
etrating deeply
8 Drainage greatly reduces the In
jury to winter crops resulting from
heaving or the freezing of large
amounts of water in the soil This
process raises the upper layers of
soil carrying all shallow rooted plants
with it and if some of their roots
happen to be fastened in the subsoil
these may be broken oft Such effects
are most noticeable on taprooted
The Result of Poor Drainage In a
Peach Orchard Many Trees Missing
plants such as the clovers but it is
almost as injurious to the grass and
grain crops Nor is the injury of
heaving confined to small plants It
extends to trees and even to fence
posts the latter being lifted out of the
soil by successive freezes
9 Drainage reduces or prevents ero
sion Erosion is the washing of the
soil as the drainage water flows down
the slope A saturated soil is in the
right condition for erosion to be most
serious On the other hand thorough
drainage permits part of this excess
to be drawn off beneath the surface
in channels pro
cvided for it and
= T 1 which are not sub
ject to such in
3 jury Further on
h PH clay soil where onj
injury is liable to
A drowned be the result of
otI
outlet due to level the water flowing
of water being away because it
higher than mouth cannot readily
of the tile drain penetrate the sur
An undesirable face soil this ef
condition feet is reduced
by the changes in
the physical condition of the
soil resulting from drainage as
mentioned above so that much more
of the rainfall is absorbed and there
by retained for the use of plants
10 Drainage increases the yield of
crops This Is of course the obvious
purpose of drainage as applied to ag
riculture It is one of the two funda
mental purposes of drainage the oth
er being increased healthfulness The
increase varies with the original con
dition of the land On acknowledged
swamp land such as is included in
the first group of drainage conditions
the difference is that between no crop
Hand Implements Used in Construct
ing Tile Drains
L Grade line 2 Pick 3 Longhandleti
shovel 4 and 7 Grading scoops 5 Nar
row spade 6 Tile lifter S Grade stakes
at all and a large crop For it must
be kept In mind in connection with
wet land that its productiveness after
drainage is as a rule directly pro
portional to its wetness before drain
age So that the drained swamps are
usually the most productive soils for
many kinds of crops And very often
these are special crops of large market
ket value such as celery onions cab
bage and some other truck crops not
to mention many general farm crops
The Good FarmerThe good farm
er is a man of character He is one
who stands for something is acme
thing and does something He thor
oughly loves his work has supreme
faith in farming and is perfectly con
tented only when his feet are on the
soulThe
The Dirty Barnyard The dirty
Barnyard is unnecessary on any fara
and where it exists it can be takim
tor granted that themilk is d1rtTi
or
f
iT f
1 f fF
c
1t J 1
1
EflrIEu rt If kI L Y
LOOK HERE
J
WE are neither going out of business nor do ve contemplate artyf
I changes Ye are on the corner to sell YOU Reliable 11 Ierc has t f a
t aiiSise at Honest Prices all the time
In rt
v By reason of hayln purchased a large quantity of
17 Quart Dish Pans
Avehave placed them in our show window ndy511sell them while p
they last for the phenominal price of f
50 Cents Each
< They are a beutiful Gray color with Three Coats of Enamel and
are the kind you usually pay 75c to 100 for
Get One 3VoW Tlney f Wont Last Long
t
I GRUSSS8z r OENfTOIV
Hot Soda r
SIMPLY DELICIOUS
SO THEY ALL SAY
but we want YOU
to come alsothen you
will say ittooo NotL
ing so invigorating and
warming these frosty
mornings as a steam
ing hot Tomato Hot
Chocolate or Hot Cof
fee at bur fountain
S
Martin Cook Drug I
Company
RUFUS RASTUS
JOHNSTON BROWN
WHAT YOU GOING TO DO WHEN
THE SNOW COMES DOWN
UaRA1V
1
Sj + p4
p41N
IUY A HEATER FROM
BUSH
ON TEC CORNER
To Whom It May Concern
File your telegrams with
THE POSTAL destined
to Cincinnati O as we
have a direct wire to this
point Try us once and I
am sure our quick service
and politeness will bring
you backThe
The quickest service can
only be had by direct wires
Office BrownProctorla
BrownProctorlaBOTH
BOTH PHONES
Yours respectfully
L M BUTSCH
BUTSCHManager
Pic Millionaire
VH M the parugraphers have been
0 a lot oL fun with a newspaper
v cl3Sribertra certain man asa
iclj miii oraife Still that may not
I e bees so redundant as it looks
l > fr nail may have had enough real
orey to pay a fine imposed for the
Deeding th tbedid with hi auto
mobile
1
I
A R
T4 lr i
ta
r t
a
e y
b
1
an the Corner
1
AT COST
co
BEGINNING
Saturday Nov 21st
I WILL SELL
r
All Groceries r
i
AT COST
f
FOR CASH ONLY I
ft I
ALL GOODS CHARGED AT REGULAR PRICES
T E BARNES
>
Sale will Last Until Dec 1st
WATCH Dun ADS
BEHIND WORDS SHOULD BE FACTS
IT WILL PAY YOU TO COME TO
OUR STORE IT IS EASY TO ASSERT
BOLD TYPES ARE IMPRESSIVE BUT h
QUALITY AND PRICES ARE MOST
LOOKED FOR
And Now for Dress Goods
THE STOCK IS COMPLETE WINTER
WILL SOON BE HERE OUR NEW
CLOAKS ARE IN WE ARE HEADQUAR
TERS FOR UNDERWEAR OUTING
CLOTHS FLANNELETTESHOSIERY NO
TIONS ETC 1
WHEN SHOES ARE SOLID TREY
WILL WEAR WEj HAVE THEM
v AII = Wool Blankets j
t
Sureenough AHWool both the Warp and the i X
Woof ofevery Blanket will sustain the statemen I
f We gladly invite all to make us a visit J 4
whether they wish to buy or not Ask for prices
SCRIVENER BROSCO
BOWLING ALLEY
SMITH SL RATLIFF
Finest In the Blue Grass j j
ADVERTISE IttTHE f v v N > EW Si = t > cv j
Ji V f j vi
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