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A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE HOME CIRCLE
RICHMOND, KENTUCKY, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 29, 1913.
N UMBER 4.
CIRCUIT COURT 4
COURT OF APPEALS DECIDES LI
BRARY SUPPORT CASE FROM
NOT PRIVATE CORPORATION
Mayor Lambert, of Owensboro, Resist
d Payment of $3,000 Appropriated
for Support of Library, but is .
Overruled by Highest Court.
Frankfort. Conflicts ia the statutes,
governing the management and reven
ues of public libraries in third, fourth,
fifth and sixth-class cities, were
.straightened out by the court of ap
peals in affirming the Daviess circuit
court in the case of S. Lambert, mayor
of Owensboro, against' the board of
trustees of the Owensboro public li
brary, in which jthe trustees secured a
writ of mandamus, requiring the may
or to countersign warrants for $3,000
for the support of the library, the
amount appropriated for its mainte
nance for the year.
Mayor Lambert resisted payment of
the money to the library on the ground
that two enabling acts enacted in 1902
were so Inconsistent as to make both
void, and that the levy for the library
under the law was void because the
legislature could not authorize an or
dinance levying taxes for the benefit of
a private corporation.
The court of appeals decided that a
library board is not a private corpora
tion and that a tax levy for its support
is legal, employing the following lan
guage: "A corporation created under a
general law for the management of a
yublic library supported by taxation
Js in no sense a private corporation. It
is a public corporation existing at the
will of the legislature."
Edward Mudd Is Dead.
Edward E. Mudd, for five years war
den of the Frankfort Reformatory and
connected with that institution since
1906, died at his home here of inflam
mation of the bowels. Hehad been
ill several weeks and of - late he
was thought to be Improving, but to
ward morning he suffered a ralapse
and death followed quickly.
Warden Mudd was born in Burdette,
Bates county. Mo., January 5, 1875,'of
Kentucky parents, and removed with
his parents to Hardin county when a
child. He engaged in mercantile busi
ness at Glendale, that county, before
being appointed assistant deputy war
den of the Frankfort prison In Sptem-
ber, 1906. The next year he was ap
pointed clerk of the Prison Board and
in Karch, 1908, he was made warden,
a position he had held ever since.
Mr. Mudd is survived by his wife.
Mrs. Margaret Mudd, and two claugh-
ters, Helen, 12, and Dorothy, 8. His
mother, Mrs. Lee Mudd; his ; sister,
Miss Rose Mudd, and hi3 brother, R,
I. Mudd, of Lebanon Junction, alijo are
Convict Nobey Earnings.
The first distribution of earn
ings to the prisoners in the Eddy
ville penitentiary and the Frankfort
Reformatory, under resolution of the
Prison Commission adopted last Au-
gust, was ordered, and the commission
sent to the State Auditor's oflice
memorandum of the earnings ( of the
prisoners in each institution. From
August 1 to January 1 the aggregate
earnings are: Eddy ville, $7,5'57.80;
Frankfort, $15,597.80; total, $23,165.60
This represents 18 per cent of the
revenues from the convicts' services
In the contract shops. The law jimits
the commission to allowing the men
20 per cent An Individual account
will be opened with each man and one-
fourth of his earnings will go into
savings account, to be paid him when
he i3 released. .The remainder he may
use as he pleases.
Y. M. C. A. in Annual Meeting.
The annual winter meeting of the
State Executive Committee of the Ken
tucky Young Men's Christian Associa
tion was held at the Hotel Henry Wat
terson. Reports from the secretaries
showed a remarkable growth in 1912.
Eight new association buildings were
opened, and five mountain associations
organized at the following places: Dun
ham, McRoberts, Burdine, Stone and
Bcnham. Each of these is reaching a
community which heretofore has been
reached by no organization or move
ment calculated to make a better citi
zenship. The chief event in the col
lege association work was the securing
of Mr. E. L. Hall, as secretary for
State University, to work among the
1,200 students there. Three big boys'
Christian training and recreation
camps were held by the state organiza
tion: Camp Putnam, on the Big San
dy river; Camp Daniel Boone, on the
Kentucky, and Camp Wekenboca, on
Green river. There were nearly 300
boys in attendance at these camps.
County Loses Suit Against Bank.
Caldwell county lost it3 suit against
the First National Bank of Princeton,
for taxes, brought in the form of a suit
for omitted taxe3. The petition was
dismissed in the Caldwell circuit court
and ludement was affirmed. The bank
had not made return to the assessor,
but the cashier appeared in 1911 and
1912 'before the County Board of Su
pervisors and in 1911 the bank was as
Si 80.000. 50 Der cent of its
3tock, surplus and undivided profits
The next year it was assessed at $234,-
000,-which was 65 per cent valuation
The bank complained at this latter as
sessment, but the quarterly court sus
tained it. The record of the supervi
aors was Irregular, and before the bank
had paid its tax; the county brougH
suit to recover. Ignoring the assess
ment, but the court held that, however
irregular in form, the return of the
Board of Supervisors was final, and
dismissed the petition.
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TO STUDY PROBLEM
BUREAU OF 80CIAL HYGIENE IS
EXPLAINED BY JOHN D. ;
WAS FOUNDED TWO YEARS AGO
Son. of Retired Oil Magnate Describes
the Origin, Work ,and Proposed
. Plans for the Investigation of Vice
' - Conditions.
TAFT DEFENDS COURSE
PRESIDENT TALKS ON THE PANA
MA CANAL TOLLS.
New York, Jan. 27. In order that
the public might better understand
the Bureau of Social Hygiene, John
D. Rockefeller. Jr., on Monday gave
out a statement explaining the origin,
work and plans of that institution. The
bureau, he said, came into existence
about two years ago as a result of the
work of a special Kraft d Jury ap
pointed to investigate the white slave
traffic in New York city. This Jury
recommended that a public commis
sion be appointed to study the social
. Mr. Rockefeller waaforeman of
that grand Jury and he thereafter
gave the subject deep thought and
conferred with a large number of lead- are arguments on the other side.
Speaking at Banquet, Chief Executive
Says He Is Willing to Arbitrate
Baltimore. Md., Jan. 28. President
Taft, speaking at the annual banquet
of the Merchants and Manufacturers
association Saturday night, defended
the administration's attitude in the
Panama canal disagreement with Eng
land, declared Its position was not un
patriotic or dishonorable and said
there was no reason for anyone to op
pose the proposal for arbitration by
an impartial tribunal
"Whether you call it a subsidy or
not, I am in favor of making the trans
portation rates between the coasts
through' the Panama canal lower."
said the president.
- "Now the question is, can we do
that under the international obliga
tions? I think we can. and if yott
read the authorities I think youH find!
"But if we are bound not to ex
empt coastwise vessels we can agree
to submit the question to an impartial
tribunal. I'm willing to admit there
Ing men and women. "These confer
ences," says Mr. Rockefeller, "devel
oped the feeling that a public commis
sion would labor under a number of
disadvantages, such as the fact that
"We are willing, however, to submit
our vJewB to arbitration. There i3
nothing in the attitude of the ad
ministration, as I have stated it, to
show that we have been dishonorable.
it would be short lived; that its work There Is nothing to show a disposition
Insurance Cases Are Up.
The question whether an insurance
comDany . licensed to do business in
Kentucky can write policies and with
draw from the state, and therefore con
tlnue to collect premiums on those pol
icies without paying the 2 per cnt tax
on premiums, was submitted to Judge
Stout of the Franklin circuit court, in
two cases brought by Auditor H. M.
Bosworth and argued. These suits
were to collect the premium tax for
five years from the Illinois Life Insur
ance Co., of Pittsburg. The auditor
also asks that they be required to
make annual reports to the insurance
department. Between $15,000 and $20,-
000 are involved in the two cases,
though the disposition of the cases will
involve many thousands more in the
This photograph of Mrs. Paul Armstrong, wife of the playwright, and
her daughters was taken at her country home, "Stronghold," near Annap
olis, Md. Her suit for divorce began on Jan. 7. Mrs. Armstrong is a
society woman of prominence in Annapolis .and a member of the Anno
Arundel Hunt club. She was a pupil of Whistler.
TO RENEW THE WAR
BALKAN ALLIES DECIDE TO END
TERROR REIGNS IN CAPITAL
ADMITS STEEL POOL
FORMER HEAD OF U. S. FIRM TES
TIFIES IN NEW YORK.
Theodore Roosevelt Admits Permit
ting Merger Believed It Prom
ised Relief to Country.
Bluegrass Dental Society Elects.
The ' Bluegrass Dental Society held
its monthly meetings at Lexingtoa and
elected the following officers: Dr. Best,
Cynthlana, president; Dr. Walter Ma
thews, Lexington, vice president; Dr.
J. M. Bronaugh, Lexington, treasurer,
and Dr. R. H. McMillan, secretary.
Plans, for the entertainment of the
State Dental Society, which will meet
here in May, were discussed, and pre
liminary plans outlined to give the vis
itors a great time. -
To Celebrate Washington's Birthday.
The Virginia Society in Kentucky
met, elected officers for the ensuing
year, considered applications for mem
bership and formulated plana for the
annual banquet to be held in the Ho
tel Henry Watterson on Washington's
birthday anniversary, February 22. "Ar
rangements for the banquet were made
with the expectation that from 135 to
150 guests will attend. The society has
Irdicts Four Insurance Companies.
The Franklin county grand jury In
its final report indicts four insurance
companies for failure to pay taxes; in
dicted three dairymen nnder the pure
food act and recommended that the
next grand Jury continue the probes
into the State Insurance Department
under the last administration which
haa resulted ia five indictments
gainst former Deputy-Insurance Corn-
Great Excitement Follows Killing of
War Chief Nazim Pasha Amid Dis
turbances at the Capital In Oppo
sition to Accepting Peace Terms.
London, Jan. 28! At a special meet
ing Sunday the representatives of the
Balkan states at the peace confer
ence decided that negotiations looking
to a settlement of the Turko-Bul-garian
war, which have been pursuing
their desultory way toward final dis
agreement for more than a month
should be broken off at once. This
decision means a resumption of the
Adding to the general terror, a
heavy earthquake shook the Turkish
London, Nov. 27. The new Turkish
cabinet has decided to recall the Ot
toman peace delegates from London,
according to a dispatch from Con
stantinople. The Turkish government
is said also to have requested Its am
bassadors at Vienna and St Peters
burg to return to- the Turkish cap-
Enver Bey, the most spirited leader
of the Young Turks, was appointed
chief of the general staff of the Turk
ish army on Thursday.
Constantinople. Jan. ,27. ngnung
occurred on Friday at several places
in the city. A dozen or more persons
have been wounded and many arrests
have been made.
r.mr VtutkHn PTr.ltement has roi-
New York. Jan. 24. William Ellis
Corey, former president of the United
States Steel corporation, admitted
here Wednesday - before Henry
Brown, referee for the government In
the suit brouKht by the department of
. . - i ii v m. lc-iiirr. Li t u ni iwi inn l v i n u i l i.a i
uatice to dissolve the trust,-tnat taa.l- ... . a term endlne March 4. next. He de-
nuge concern ior years uw u- gtudy from tfae pny8lcal mental. social feated u. r. Bryan or xvasnviiie
prices m tne Bieei marw u and moral Blde each person committed McKinney, Tex., Jan. 25. Publio
has maintained a giganuc pooi uum t f. rAfnrmlltnrv Thla wm
be carried on by experts and each
case will be kept under observation
for from three weeks to three months,
as may be required.. When the diag
nosis is completed, it is hoped that the
here and in Europe.
Kn. matter what mteht have been
the motives behind tie United States
Steel corporation when it absorbed
the Tennessee Coal ana iron com-
Hookworm Busy in Institute.
Investigation -and elimination of the
inmates of the Feeble-Minded Institute
here by Dr. W. M. Steele, of the Rocke
feller Institute, working under , the
State Board of Health, has developed
ninety cases of hookworm so' far.; An
examination of the inmates of the re- lowed killing of Nazim Pasha, the
rormacory win oemaae ana ur. caeeie fnmor -a-nr minister and commanaer
will spend two weeks lecturing- ana
examining cases in Franklin county.
Model School For Negroes.
The most; complete public colored
school in the Bluegra9S has been com
pleted, at Danville at a cost of $10,000.
of the Turkish army, who was snot
n4nv rvtiMifi demonstrations txvns
wuuc Jt' " -
Nazim Pasha's death by a shot
from the revolver of Enver Bey or
Talaat Bey is believed to have wen
..Mni Tti two officers, . in" or-
and taxation. The " structure . is of
brick and is strictly jmodern.- A" large
industrial department has been added.
mifiBionr Lee Hampton for embezie-f and the students are taught to ' sew.
went of public funds.
Delegates to Highway Congress.
Governor 'appointed the follow
Jn8 delegates to the Southern National
Highways Association, which meets at
Ashevilie, N. C, February 12. S. W.
Hager, Owensboro; James R. Lemon,
Blayfield; R. H. Scott. Paducahr W. E.
Dowling. Lawrehceburg; Clarence
Wood, Maysville; Frank Bullock, Lex
v Ington; Br, J. A. Averdlck, Covington;
- 'James Maret, ML Vernon; M. H.
Crump, Bowling Green. " '
The funds were raised by subscription der to protect themselves from the
fire of Uatim's aide-de-camp, wno nu
hot at them from a window. . drew
their revolvers, and emptied them at
him. A bullet struck and killed Nasim
cook and do all kinds of work which
will fit them for better service.;
Pasha, who was seated inside the
Italian. British and other wars nips
Urnet is AmDlv Identified. hv been ordered to Tumisn waters,
John .S. Lawrence, or Cadis mes. according to dlspatcnes irora kuh
senger to carry the vote of the Ken- ranean ports. . I :
tucky electoral college to Washington,
was not caught unidentified, like the
Nebraska messenger, but had secured
credentials, including the minutes of
the college, which he delivered separ
ately to the clerk in the office of the
nresldent of the senate, to whom also
he presented the returns. 1,
Send Baby by Parcel Post.
VHatavia. Ohio. Jan. 28. Vernon O
i.vttW mall carrier on rural route
No 5 is the first to accept and de
liver a live baby under the parcel post
renditions. The postage was 15 cents
and the parcel was Insured for $50...
would be done publicly; that at best
it could hardly do more than pre
sent recommendations. So the con
viction grew that in order to make a
real and lasting improvement In con
ditions, a permanent organization
should be created, the continuation of
which would not be dependent upon a
temporary wave of reform, nor upon
the life of any man or group of men,
but which would go on, generation
after generation, continuously making
warfare against the forces of evIL It
also appeared that a private organiza
tion would have, among other advan
tages, a certain freedom from public
ity and from political bias, which a
publicly appointed commission could
not so easily avoid.
"Therefore, as the Initial step, in
the winter of 1911 the Bureau of So
cial Hygiene was formed. Its pres
ent members are Miss Katharine Bern
ent Davis, superintendent of the New
York state Reformatory for Women
at Bedford Hills. N. Y.: Paul M. War
burg, of the firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co.;
Starr J. Murphy, of the New York bar.
and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Ah the
work develops new members may be
"One of the first things undertaken
by the bureau was the establishment
at Bedford Hills, adjacent to they're
formatory, of a laboratory of social
hygiene, under Miss Davis' direction.
to evade, and we are willing to rest
our case with a tribunal that is im
OFF THE WIRE
Mexico City, Jan. 23. The violent
eruption of Mount Colima, in the state
of Jalisco, Tuesday night is reported
to have caused a heavy death loss.
Thousands of cattle were killed by
the gases. Villages within a radius
of 25 miles of the volcano, including
Zapotlan, Zopotilic and Tuxnam, were
hardest hit Some of the dust reach
ed Guadalajara, a hundred miles
Edmonton, Alberta. Jan. 23. The
business section of Fort Saskatche
wan, Alberta, thirty miles from here,
was wiped out by fire Tuesday.
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 23. Col.
Harland Davidson, widely known in
the educational world and head of a
military school at Highland Park. 111.,
dropped dead at his winter home in
Avon Park Tuesday.
Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 27. Prof. W.
R, Webb of Bellbuckle, Tenn.. Inde
pendent Democrat, was elected Uni
ted States senator Friday for the
pany five years ago, Theodore Roose- laboratory be' ln position to rec-1
veit as president wouiu nm ,atTm mna uvuw tn
tloned the deaL He so testified here reform the ndlTlduaL or, lt reformat
at a resumption oi me nwinj ut tlon la impossible, to recommend per-
government s sun io aaoi m manent custodial care.- Furthermore.
schools ln McKinney were closed on
Friday and the town was given over
to mourning as a result of the Mis
sissippi Dry Goods Co. accident that
resulted in the death of eight persons
and the serious Injury of fifteen oth
called steel trusL
"Not one thing could have been
known about the company wnicn
could have altered my action," he
said, emphatically. , "I was dealing
with a panic" ;' -
The colonel was examined for near
ly-two hours. . He. clapped his hands.
and shouted i'Hurrah!" when he
stepped down. At times he upbraided
Jacob M. Dickinson. : counsel for the
government, for asking . questions
about "things I don't know." V
Asked about his testimony before
the Stanley committee, the - colonel
again denied that he had been de
ceived by Messrs. Frlck and Gary,
M0R0S SLAY U. S. SOLDIERS
CapL Patrick McNally . and Six Pri
vates Killed; Two Other Officers
and 19 Men Wounded.
; Manila. Jan. ' 28. A wireless re
ceived here. Sunday from Zamboanga
confirms the report of the slaying of
CapL Patrick McNally and -six pirt
vates of the Philippine scouts and
the wounding of 21 others.
A later wireless dispatch from Brigr.
adler General Pershing says the en
gagement occurred on the morning of
January. 23 at 'Taglitsi and was t
tween the Moros and . the Philippine
constabulary. CapL Patrick McNally
and six enlisted men of the scouts
were killed and Lieut William Town
send of the scouts and Lieutenants
Cochran and Whitney of the constab
ulary and nineteen men .were)
wounded. . ' I
reaching out beyond the individuals
involved, it is believed that thus im
portant contributions may be made to
a fuller knowledge of the conditions
ultimately responsible for vice.. If
this experiment is successful the prin
ciple may -prove applicable to all
classes of criminals and the conditions
precedent to crime, and lead to lines
of action not only more scientific and
humane but" also less wasteful than
those at present followed." -
That Its work might be done intelli
gently the bureau employed George J.
Kneeland to make a comprehensive
survey of . vice conditions 'in . New
York, and Abraham Flexner to study
e social evil In Europe, and their
reports are now being prepared. These
studies will be followed by others in
various American cities, and lt is the
hope of the bureau that, based upon
all of them, may be devised a ' prac
tical plan' for dealing with, the social J
evii. - - x .. ...
-'In conclusion Mr." Rockefeller's
statement .says: "It cannot be . too
strongly - emphasized . that the ; uplrit
which dominates the .work of tbu bu
reau is, not sensational or sentimen
tal or hysterical; that it Is not a spirit
of criticism of public officials; i but
that it is essentially a spirit of con
structive suggestion and of deep sci
entific as well as humane Interest ln
a great world problem." 1
MONEY QUIZ BODY HEARS HILL
Railroad Executive Declared That the
Great Northern and Northern
Pacific Lines Compete.
Washington, Ja. 27. James J. Hill,
who took the stand before the house
money trust committee Friday, opened
his testimony with a list of his direc
torships in New York and Chicago
banks and ln the Great Northern and
Burlington railroads. Mr. Hill said
that the Great . Northern and the
Northern Pacific railroads were com
petitors. - When the Northern Securities com
pany was dissolved, he said, he re
ceived 37,000 shares of Great North
ern and 62,000 shares of Northern Pa
cific. He now has 20,000 shares of
Great Northern and his son Louis W.
Hill has 13,500 shares. Mr. Hill testi
fied that he was a director In the First
National bank of SL Paul, one of the
largest banks in the northwest. ' He
disagreed with Counsel Untermyer's
suggestion that minority stockholders
be given representation in director- .
ates through cumulative voting. He '
said that such a system might allow -competitors
to secure a corporation's
secrets by obtaining a place on its 1
board..' -.' "Ar: '
y-' Suffrage. Wlnt Jn Nevada.
Reno. Nev Jan.- 27, -The assembly
of the Nevada legislature passed the
women suffrage amendment
Fifteen. Hurt In I. C. Wreck. .
Kankakee, 111- Jan. 27. Fifteen per
sons were injured on the Daylight
special of the Illinois Central, a mile
and a half north of Melvin. Friday af
ternoon, when the entire train, ejecept
the engine, left the track at 4 p. m. No
one was fatally Injured. Speaker
Shurtleff .and Representative Ryirn of
the Thirtieth district were on! the
train..' ..';,.V-- -. Ji '
ONE KILLED IN "L" CRASH
New York Elevated Trains Take Fire
After Rear-End Collision Thlr- -teen
Passengers Are Hurt.
New York, Jan. 27. One man was
killed and 13 others were injured to a
spectacular rear-end collision between. ,
two south-bound Third avenue ele
vated trains. Both trains took fire.
The panic-stricken uninjured passen
gers made their way over the ties to
the nearest station. , v
I f f