Newspaper Page Text
MORE COAST FORTS
THCY WILL BE AT SAN PEDRO ON
PACIFIC AND CAPE HENRY
RESULT OF STRATEGY GAME
.Army and Navy Officer Several
Year Age Proved W Could Not
Prevent Japaneae Invaelon -Con-greaa
Now Waking Up.
By GEORGE CLINTON.
Washington. Congress baa awak
ened to what It thlnka la the neces
ally of additional fortification on the
AUantio and Paclflo coaata. The ap
propriation committee of the houae
ha recommended that there be In
cluded In the fortification bill the
aum of $200,000 to atart the work of
providing groat batterlea of 14 Inch
tuna at San Pedro, which 1 the har
bor of Loa Angelea, and It haa recom
mended also that $150,000 be appro
priated to aecure land at Cap Henry
at the entrance to Chesapeake bay,
where another great fortification will
be erected In the near future.
There la history connected with
the effort to aecure the emplacement
of heavy guna at theae two harbor
entrance and In Ha way It haa la
terest Touching the weatern coaat
In the vicinity of Loa Angelea, it
may be remembered that Just prior
to the close of the Roosevelt admin
iatratlon it waa feared that tbl coun
try waa on the verge of trouble with
Japan. At that time army and navy
officer were not altogether satisfied
that the country waa in a condition to
sustain a conflict with the eastern
The army officers connected with
the war college In Washington and
naval officer connected with the one
at Newport worked out jointly a prob
lem In warfare. It was a "game" In
a way which waa played. On one
aide of the table was Japan and on
the other as its opponent was the
United States, and the moves were
made by experts at the game of war.
) Japan won.
What the War Game Disclosed.
Laymen thought that the findings of
the men of the militant services could
not be considered seriously, but later
It became known that the problem as
It was worked to Its conclusion was
accepted by military authorities ev
erywhere, as having been sanely
solved with the conditions of the game
aa they were. Aa tho result of that
strategy study congress has Just ap
propriated $250,000 to begin the work
of fortifying the approach to the coast
cf southern California at San Pedro.
It was fcund by the strategists that
with our fleet aa It waa at that time,
Japan could land a sufficient force
of men on the coast near Los An
geles, hold the country upon which
an Immense army could subsist, com
mand the three mountain pass ap
proaches from the east and keep at
bay for a long time as great an Amer
ican force as could be assembled to
attempt to force the mountain passes
to dislodge the enemy. Puget Sound
la fortified, and ao is San Francisco.
Congress now intend to complete the
chain of fortifications by adding the
defensive link at San Pedro.
Fortress Monroe, Virginia, has had
in its sole keeping for years, the safe
ty of several American cities. It Is
the outpost defense of Washington
and Baltimore, and with Fort Wool,
which Is a low lying mid-channel bat
tery, it stands a an aggressive sen
tinel, keeping watch over Washington
Southeast across the mingling wa
ters of the bay and the ocean lies
Cape Henry, the rough coast of which
is visible on clear days to the gunners
on Monroe's parapet, but no projec
tile which their great steel monsters
can burl is ever likely to prove effec
tive agtlnst battleships stealing in
around Cape Henry under the cover
of fog or durknes to make the run
up Cape Charles into the waters of
Congress has committed Itself to
the entering wedge appropriation for
a government fortification mounting
H Inch guns to be constructed on
Cape Henry. When this Is completed
it is probable that Richmond and Nor
folk, Washington and Baltimore, can
sleep in confidence that no foe can
some by water to their troubling.
Plana for Suffragist Parade.
Washington haa two big pa
rade committeea bard at work,
one striving for the auccess of the
pageant In honor of the inauguration
of Woodrow Wilson and the other
working hard and willingly to make
superior to the parade of "mere man',
the auffragtst pageant which will be
held on March . on the stretch of the
great avenue between tho capltol and
the treasury building.
A request from suffrage leaders ask
ing congress to pasa a constitutional
amendment letting down the bars
gainst woman's voting Is to be pre
pared In connection with the giant al
legorical procession and pageant to
be held the day before the Inaugura
tion of President-elect Wilson. At
least 6.000 men and women from all
parts of the country, and particularly
from the ten auffrage states, are to
take part In the procession and In the
mas meeting to follow.
The suffragists understand thor
oughly the worth of publicity and ap
parently they also undttrstaud the uses
of the press agent. They seem to fel
that something with "circus features"
I a more potent attraction than a
pugeant of "suffrage solemnities,' a
fact which in a k is the advance notice
4)1 the Marts event read somewhat
like the unexpurgated forecasting pro
nouncements of the press agent of the
biggest show on earth.
Sounds Like Clreu Pester.
The women want a crowd, and If
publicity will draw It for them they
are not to be disappointed. The proof
of the press agent Is his (or In this
case. Is it herT) ability to get things
printed. The suffragists' press agent
I setting stuff In type. It may not
be that American who dwell In the
distant placea would come to the cap
ital to see simply a plodding proces
sion of women with banners, but what
American anywhere can resist this:
"A troop of attractive Dianas, horse
women known for their proficiency In
horsemanship, will have a prominent
place In the big suffrage parade on
March 3. Miss Julia Uoldsborough
and Ml Mary Morgan, both of whom
have won blue ribbon In society
horse shows, will display their horse
manship on famous mounts, and
among the other women who have al
ready promised to ride are Glenna
Smith Tlnnln and Mrs. Churchill Can
dee. It Is hoped that this pictur
esque feature will be augmented by
such dashing rider a Miss Janet Al
len. Mis Kathertne Elklns, Miss Lu
cille Cherbonnler and many other
who have won wide reputation as
The suffragist are showing hum
bleness of spirit The Washington
press agent tells the country: "There
Is no suggestion that women' are her
appear a (be equal or the superior
of men, but they will appear as wom
en determined to win for themselves
what they deem a God-given right" It
seem possible that the words "are
the equals" escaped notice of the ex
purging staff of the publicity commit
tee. Mr. and Mrs. MacVeagh to March T
Washington at Its society end was
somewhat stirred by the report that
Secretary of the Treasury Franklin
MacVeagh and Mrs. MacVeagh were
to march in the parade carrying ban
ners with the proud device "Votes for
Women." It may be that Mr. and
Mrs. MacVeagh will lend their pres
ence to the parade, but the chances
are that their "trudging" will be in
While the "marchers march" the
crowds along the curbs will be asked
by "society news girls" to buy their
program ware. So It Is not the Inten
tion of the suffragists to depend upon
the parade's potency alone to draw
support for their cause. An entire
week will be given over to the advo
cacy of the movement. It Is allowed
to be known in advance that "MIbb
Margaret Foley of Boston, the apostle
of the working girl, whose eloquence
Is of a marvelous quality, will be one
of the group of notable suffragist
speakers who will spread the gos
pel abroad In Washington during in
augural week at open air meetings.
Gardner's Sea Hospital Bill.
. Representative A. Pr Gardner,. Re?
publican, of Massachusetts, expects
Democratic support for his bill pro
viding for a federal hospital ship
to sail with the Gloucester and sur
gical aid to sick or injured sailors.
Progressive-Republicans in the hous
believe that If this bill passes
It can be used as a precedent
to provide federal aid for workmen
In other industries, like the mills and
the mines, and they say It will be
an entering wedge for humanitarian
endeavor on the part of Uncle Sam.
It Is said In Washington by mem
bers of all parties that if congress
shall put through the Gardner bill,
thus In effect recognizing the prin
ciple of federal aid to workers In- all
industries. It will be done In part to
show that the Democratic party wants
to do some of those things the spirit
of which dwelt In the proposals of
the platform adopted by the Progres
sive party at Chicago. It Is known
that members of the new party favor
the Gardner measure and the leaders
here say that tho party when It gets
Its representation in the new con
gress will support any congressional
measure, no matter by what party It
is introduced, which looks to the prop
er relief of the workers of the coun
try no matter in what industry they
Marine Hospitals a Precedent.
Uncle Sam himself has a precedent
for giving federal aid to Injured work
ers. In 1798 by an act of congress
the marine hospital fund waa creat
ed to maintain hospitals for the care
of disabled seamen employed on ship
flying the American flag. For neurly
half a century the federal government
gave free medical attendance to sai
lors, but In 1846 by another act of
congress a system of industrial insur
ance, in principle exactly like the
Lloyd George Insurance act of Eug
land, wa adopted. The master of
each ahip waa required to keep back
from the wages of each sailor
forty cents a month. This sum was
to pay. In part, for the maintenance
of a marine hospital.
In 1884 these deductions were dis
continued, and a tonnage tax Instead
was Imposed upon the owner of the
vessels. In 1901 this tax In turn was
discontinued, the defclency being
made up from a straight appropria
tion. Today the marine hospitals of
the United Statea publlo health serv
ice still give free medical and surgi
cal aid to sailor, but the sailor must
come ashore before he can be treated.
The Gardner proposition would wide
ly extend the scope and usefulness of
the hospital service, bringing It hun
dred of mile out Into the ocean to
the very bunk- of the tick teaman.
It I known that the hous commit
tee Is seriously considering the es
tablishment of a contributory Insur
ance system for the flshermei a sys
tem much like that established by
congress in 1846. What make thut
committee hesitate Is the fear of
opening up the entire question of In
suruuee for worker.
PROFIT DEPENDS UPON CARE
Incumbent en Caretaker to Manage
Fowl In HI Charge to Rssp
th Greatest Reward.
The profit that Is possible per fowl
I mainly dependent upon the care
taker, write A. Q. Symond In the
Fruit Grower. It I up to blm to so
care for the fowls In hi charge a td
reap the greatest reward. He must
apply hi Intelligence to atudy the de
tail that are so essential In egg pro
duction. The hen Is a machine, nicely
built and properly adjusted, and the
caretaker must, be familiar with this
egg-machine In order to secure the
greatest profit per fowl.
The variety kept has very little to
do with the possible profit per fowl. A
flock of Plymouth Racks may be made
to yield greater return than a flock
of Leghorn per capita. True It I
that some varieties are better egg pro
ducer than others, but It I also true
that some varieties are better meat
producers than others. No one va
riety ha a monopoly on advantage
or profit-paying qualities. There I no
variety without some redeeming fea-
A Prize Winner.
tures that can be so managed by the
skillful poultry keeper as to bring
The basis of profit doe not rely up
on what branch of poultry keeping one
follows. There are chances in every
line, egg, meat and fancy. The ordi
nary profit secured in any one of
these branches can be doubled, or
trebled, by the skill and intelligence
of the caretaker.
The regular profit of one dollar per
fowl seem to satisfy the average
poultryman. This is wrong, for no
one should be satisfied In any line of
work, but constantly striving for bet
ter result and larger profits. Two
and three dollars per fowl is a possi
ble profit and Is being attained by
some, mejjn. ttajwu Jmrfnsai ;tLai4l(0tUAliaqiL
Ll J J . - j.
The secret does not -lie In the fowl
or the - variety, but in the human
brain. Let us all study more care
fully the rules and principles that
govern poultry culture. Let us strive
to Increase the profit in our flocks,
and thus each year set up a new
standard for the succeeding year. By
thought, perseverance and perslstance
great things can be accomplished with
MARGIN OF PROFIT AND LOSS
If Hens Do Not Fall Below Average
of 50 or 60 Per Cent. In Laying
They Are Money Makers.
A flock of hens should be made to
pay a good dividend on the Invest
ment If they do not do this, there Is
something radically wrong somewhere
along the line.
If you have kept a record of the
cost of production and the sales you
will be able to tell whether or not
your hens are paying. Hens that are
laying an average or 50 or 60 per
cent are doing well, and will make
a good showing In tbe right side of
the cash book. Any averagea above
that will be so much more gain, and
will more than Justify keeping the
If they fall way below this mark
you hud better investigate and find
out the cause of the trouble.
It may be that you have a poor strain
of birds; that you are not feeding the
right kinds cf food or In sufficient
quantities, or that you are not giving
them the proper attention that they
must have in order to be great pro
ducers. Sheep Value to Farm.
The care of a flock of sheep Is a Job
a good deal less sweaty and laborious
than the swing of the scythe and the
hoe in an unending effort to kill off
tbe weeds. - In the presence of such a
flock, the weeds rapidly disappear,
and tho grasses take the possession
of tbe ground. Some farmers are said
to besi'ate about starting a flock of
sheep because of tbe possible reduc
tion of tbe duty on wool and tbe de
cline In price that perhaps would fol
low. But this would cut no figure In
Mutton always commands a profit
able price; and th combined returns
from mutton and wool, added to tbe
services of the sheep in keeping
down the weeds and enriching the
land, will perhaps make
Hm flock a
itosV to tte
highly valuable contribute
prosperity of the farm.
Care With Turkey.
Always be sure that every part f
anv lnclosur where th turkey ben
and poult ar kept I well drained.
Sometimes the hen will sit down it
nlrtht in a low place and a heavy ruin I
will fill the depression with water aiid I
chili or drown th poults.
CAUTION WITH GASOLINE
riy Hsndled the Liquid I On
th Moat Valuable of Indus
Gasoline seem to be so much of
a necessity these day, especially on
the farm, that we are apt to overlook
It dangerous qualities. It Is said of
a fire that It Is a good servant but
bad master, and this is niost assured
ly the case with gasoline. Properly
bandied, It la one of the most val
uable of Industrial agencies, but used
carelessly It becomes destructive In
The otber day r. woman poured
some gasoline on the fuel In the stove,
winning to make a quick fire. After
putting tho can down In a remote
corner of the room she started the
fire lr the stove. Like a flash the
gasoline In the can exploded and she
was fatally injured. She did not
know that an unseen train of gasoline
vapor might lead from the match she
struck or the flames In the stove to
the distant can.
In another case a woman poured a
quart of gasoline into a marble basin
In the bath room and placed a silk
waist In It She closed the door and
went away for ten minutes. Then she
rubbed the silk between her hands.
This generated sufficient electricity
to make a spark. The gasoline ex
ploded, the house burned . and the
woman lost her life.
There are many people who handle
thla fluid as carelessly aa kerosene,
and the number of accidents report
ed would seem to be Increasing.
Printed Information regarding the
safe handling of gasoline should be
obtained and studied by every house
use it In any way. Dealers also should
keeper and all who are required to
be more particular in giving out
needed information on the subject.
CHECK ON THE QUACK GRASS
Serious Menace la Eradicated by
Ceaseless Cultivation How
Farmer Got Rid of Pest.
(By R. Q. WEATHERSTONE.)
One man in our neighborhood
bought a farm several years ago that
waa badly infested with quark grass.
The uplands were free from the post
but about twenty acres of creek bot
tom land grew scarcely anything else.
The former owner had let these bot
toms in hay for many years, although
of late he had been mowing scarcely
anything but quack.
The other man, however, put the
entire twenty under the plow, wear
ing out a good many share points in
tearing up the rough sod and more
than once "saying things." Then he
planted corn, after having first har
rowed and dlBked, and disked and har
rowed, until a) great many of the
1 1 Ceaseless cultivation was kept up
util the corn was too tall to admit a
cultivator, and the field was gone
over once with the hoe. In the fall
the corn was rather weedy when cut,
still It was not half bad. As the bot
tom was extremely fertile, it was
plowed, harrowed and disked again,
and the corn was put In once more.
Tbe same old story of cultivation
and hoeing waa repeated and even a
larger crop of corn was the result,
with less quack than, the fall before.
The bottom looked good for yet an
other crop of corn, so far the third
time the scratching of the earth con
tinued. By that time the quark was
pretty well under control, and it was
no longer a serious menace to the
DISCHARGER FOR HAY FORKS
Looped-Rod Attachment Separate
Load Without Pitch and Jerk In
Tbe looped-rod attachment for fork
tinea shown In the illustration is de
signed as a load discharger, and sep
arates tbe fork from it load without
the pitch and Jerk required with tbe
ordinary fork. The rods loop over
the point of the tine and are carried
back to a rocker bar operated by a
teel sleeve that slides on the handle.
The apparatus is especially useful in
the handling of corn stalks.
Methods of Picking.
Either scalding or the dry-picking
method can be used for fowls Intend
ed for market, but for broilers only
the dry-picking method is allowable.
A chick only a few weeks old is a
very tender bird, but if scalded it will
be found Impossible to pick it with
out occasionally rubbing a little of
the skin off. These spots will dark
en and give the broiler a stale look.
The scalding will also Increase the
tendency to decay. With dry picking
not only will the bird keep much
longer, but the natural firmness ol
the flesh prevents all fear of skin
ning. To Clean Plumsge.
Tbe plumage of a white fowl can
be cleaned of stain by washing with
a clean white or transparent soap that
is free from much alkali. Make a
strong lather and use your hand and
a sort hair brush. Stroke tbe foath-
er downward, from the head to tha
ilOIIOR DAY OF
The martyred saint whose nsme re
fines and beautifies the merry customs
of the ancient Roman festival of tho
Lupercalla knew naught of those suf
ferings of bis death seem to assort 111
with the season of the mating blrda
and the Jolly forms of love-making
with which that season bss been cele
brated from time Immemorial.
It Is not known whether his place In
the calendar was assigned to the mid
dle of February with the purpose of
lending a more serious tone to tbe gid
diness of Roman youths and maidens
In drawing their sweethearts by lot
but certain it Is that though tbe lot
tery of drawing one's valentine con
tinued until a late period of English
history, It changed to a form more
worthy of approval by the serious and
saintly man whose name commends it
Though In this country and this gen
eration the proper observance of St
Valentine's day Is limited to tbe anon
ymous sending of tender or senti
mental missives, leaving the re
cipient to solve the mystery of the
sender In his or her own Imagination,
there have been In the past many
pretty or fanciful notions sssoclated
with the day.
One was that the first person of the
opposite sex one met on St. Valen
tine's morning was to be bis or her
companion for life, and we may im
agine the care with which the votaries
of this little supersltlon avoided meet
ing the wrong person. Sometimes
young women sought to deride the per
sonality of their valentines by dream
ing, and even resorted to indigestible
food at going to bed on St Valentine's
ve in order to induce the dreams.
A sport of the young folks In Eng
land was to celebrate a little festival
on St Valentine's eve. In which the
company was divided Into couples by
lot and the young man waa expected
to be attentive for some days to the
lady who was drawn aa his valentine
taking her to parties, and so forth.
In these days the fortunate or unfor
tunate young man who had drawn a
valentine In this way would be expect
ed to pay something for carriage hire
and theater tickets. It cost the cour
tiers of Charles II. something to be
chosen as a valentine, for Pepys, in his
diary, informs us of a certain belle
of the court who received a Jewel of
800 value from her valentine of one
year and a ring worth 300 from her
valentine of another year.
No true disciple of St Valentine will
indulge in the license of the carica
tures and libels that are nowadays
sent through the malls under cover of
the secrecy that Is Bacred to his day.
They are altogether alien to the spirit
of the season.
Tbe earnest and most popular St
Valentine's day Jingle that baa been
handed down to the present time:
Th roc Is red.
The violet blue,
Bugar Is sweet
And so are you."
In many of the European countries
the St. Valentine day kiss was ex
changed between young people as a
token of good will. The exact nature
of such an osculatory performance la
somewhat vague. Though tbe same
conscientious chronicler does not men
tion the relationship, it suggested that
the St Valentine day kiss is a third
cousin at least, deceased, of the fa
mous "soul" kiss. There is some doubt
on this point, however, for in no way
ran an exegesis of tbe word "affinity"
lead the Investigator back to that
time. On the otber band, tbe fact that
this custom is now In vogue uni
versally not on St Valentine's day,
but on other days, and far into the
nlgbt as well is significant. The only
difference la tbat the so-called St
Valentine day kiss of the present is a
token of good will and other things.
Sought Their Sweethearts.
In England the schoolgirl of a half
a century ago plucked at the buttons
on their gowns snd uttered In a
sing-song monotone on 8t Valentine's
day the verse:
If, after sing-songing these word
for a stated number of time they
should first meet other than the one
on whom of sll mentioned in their
roundelay their heart were set they
scattered In great fright.
Scott' Tribute to th Day.
Love rule tbe court, th camp, th
And men below, and saints above;
For love I heaven, and heaven 1 love,
-Hsir Walter Scott.
f Ions had loved a winsome maid.
But when my timid tongue essayed.
Without avail, to tell the tale. '
I then resolved, though lips might fall.
That pen should speak and so I wrote -My
lady an Impassioned not.
In every phrase to lover sweet,
1 laid my homage at her feet; - 1
Extolled her far and form In fine, j
I humbly begged that she'd be mine.
Then wreathed It round with bloom and!
And signed It thus: "Thy Valentine." :
That eve we met I'll ne'er forget
lta pain pervade my being yet
Her rheeke were flushed, her eyes were)
With young affection's tender light
"Dear Jack," said abe, "you ought to)
The valentine that cane to me.
" "Twaa twined in rosea all ablow.
And arrows aped from Cupld'a bow;
And In the midst a rhythmlo tine
That breathed such burning love divine
It made my heart with rapture thrill-
I knew at once that 'twas from Will."
"To you, dear Jack, I may confess,"
Bhe said, unheeding ray distress,
"That love Is blind, or Will would see
I'm quite as much In love as be;
But he Is such a bashful beau
I wish you'd kindly tell him so."
When next I pen a lovelorn line,
I'l algn It "Ja-k." not "Valentine."
Harriet Bunker Austin, In National
Valentin Day In Ireland.
In Ireland the great feature of St.
Valentine' day Is the breakdown
dance. All the boys and all the girls
engaged in It, the couple dancing tho
longest winning the coveted applause.
The victorious couple is looked upon
as well mated, and not Infrequently a
wedding follows during Eastertide.
Tbe dance Itself is indeed a spec
tacle. With much ceremony the door
of the barn is lifted from its hinges
and the dance commerced as soon .
the fiddler or the player of the bagplpe
orders the couples out The floor of
the barn is of mud; hence the door
is laid on the ground to form a suit
able surface for the dancers. Cold
smith describes the dancers la his
"The dancing pair that simply sought re
nown. By holding out to tiro each other down."
The absolute whole-heartedness of
the dance and the fierceness of these)
tests of endurance must be seen to
be appreciated. Though the occa
sion la one of the utmost Jollity and
good will, the contestants are in dead
earnest in thel rendeavors to win.
Dean Swift's Gentle Protest.
The gentle Dean Swift, In writing to
a friend, describes his first reception
of a comic valentine:
"I was seated in my library when
the postmaster arrived and I opened
the bag. What was my surprise to
find my first greeting on St Valen
tine's morning to be a representation
of a fat person, with a body like a
pig and a head like a dolt Of course,
it grieved me, for I always considered
the day one devoted to everything
beautiful in life. But I felt far mora
compassion for the unfortunate mental
condition of the aender than I did
for the feelings of the recipient which
were, I assure you, quite hauled be
fore I finished breakfast"
1 Tbe simplicity of this gentle pro
test, scarcely a rebuke, is pathetic
Much more kindly and conalderate la
the tender missive, even though it b
sentimental, like the following:
"If you'll be mine
I will be thy no.
And so Good
For St Valentine's day U ft daj Cf
joy, of lova, of happiness.