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A NEWSPAPER DEVOTEE TO THE HOME CIRCLE
RICHMOND, KENTUCKY, TUESDAY, JULY 22, 1913.
11 Inl ic
SAYS PROF. PLEHN, TAX EXPERT,
EMPLOYED BY . KENTUCKY
FAULTS OF PRESENT PLAN
flcommindi Central Control of All
Assessments By Strong Stat
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
Frankfort. The defects and the
the need of Kentucky's tax ayalem
were pointed out by Prof. Carl Cop
ping Plebn at an open meeting of the
Kentucky tax commission at Commer
cial club headquarters In Louisville.
Prof. Plebn Is of the University of Cal
ifornia, and is considered one of the
foremost tax experts In the country.
He was employed by the commission
to make a complete Investigation of
the tax situation in Kentucky and to
recommend reforms. The faults of
the present system, as pointed out
by Prof. Plehn follow:
Failure of local assessors to get nil
the property on the tax lists because
they do not have proper maps In their
ofllces; general undervaluation of
property; Inequalities of taxing differ
' ent property owners; Inequalities of
taxing different classes of property;
Inefficient tax assessors and yearly as
sessments. Although Prof. Plehn still
has several weeks of work before he
will formulate his recommendations
for tax reform in Kentucky, he unof
ficially suggested the following reme
dies: Central control of all assess
ments in the state by a strong state
tax commission; larger assessment
districts so that fewer assessors would
( be employed, and so that they would
'be employed throughout .' the entire
year Instead of or a few months as
now; a salary Instead of a fee basis
la paying assessors, aaseb.jMw U
eligible to rea&polntmeniTu of good
maps In making assessments; assess
ment and equalization every four
years Instead of yearly, as now, in
order to reduce expenses and give the
assessors chance to become skilled;
the central tax commission to have
control of the work of assessing all
corporations -instead of the present
plan of having both the railroad com
mission and the state board of assess
ments and valuations make the assess
ments of railroads. Prof. Plehn point
ed out that the same general financial
and economic conditions exist In Ohio
as In Kentucky. Since the reforms
which he advocates are working admir
ably in Ohio, he argued that there
should be no hesitancy about adopting
Woman Gets High Average.
Having passed a civil service exam
ination for postmaster of Allensvllle,
Todd county, with a grade of 92.21, an
unusually high mark, and having pre
sented a petition signed by a larger
number of patrons of the Allensvllle
nice than any other applicant. Miss
Olive Maddox has been recommended
by Representative R. Y. Thomas, Jr.,
for the office. Five persons were certi
fied to the postoffice . department as
having passed the examination, but
MIbs Maddox led them all with an ex
ceptionally high grade. She will be
Other Kentucky postmasters were
appointed as follows: Atchison, Tay
lor county, J. Moxley, vice M. L. Har
rison, resigned; Cuslck, Madison coun
ty, J. G. Cuslck, new office; Hulen,
Bell county, J. H. Saylor, new office.
College Graduatt In Reformatory.
N. C. Hill, Jr., graduate of the Uni
versity of Mississippi and a matricu
late of Vanderbllt, entered the Frank
fort reformatory for a term of two to
ten years, at the pleasure of the state
board of prison commissioners, and al
ready la enrolled as a member of the
faculty of the night school. Being out
of funds. Hill Indiscreetly forged his
father's name to a chock for $25 and
'cashed It in Lexington. - J
Candidates Get Pledges.
Copies of the resolutions adopted by
the Ministerial association and civic
bodies, asking candidates to sign a
pledge that they will not use whisky
or money In the August primary, have
been sent to all the candidates, with a
copy of the pledge to sign and return.
The list of those who alga will be pub
Compare Depot To Boa Car.
Citizens of Avenstokev Anderson
county, feel that the dignity of their
town has outgrowa the possibilities of
dismantled box car as a depot, and
petitioned the state railroad commis
sion to compel the Southern railway
U Kentucky to. provide depot and pas
eager station accommodation fit and
adequate for the use of the public.
New Corporations. . '
Frankfort. Secretary of State C. F.
Crecnlius has approved the following
articles of Incorporation:
The New Process Hemp Manufactur
ing Co., Covington; capital, $260,000;
incorporators, George W. Scholleld, H.
.T Ynilfiff unit V W Rnwlnnri
. - r. - - - . .
Lynn Hollow Coal Co., Harlan; In-'I
creasing capital from $10,000 to
Blkhorn ft Beaver Valley Railway
Co., Ashland; Increasing capital from
$1.10,000 to $400,000.
B. D. Lake Tobacco Co., Springfield;
capital, $20,000; Incorporators, B. D.
Lake, T. M. Estes and Z. M. Luke.
People's State Bank, Winchester;
changing name to the People's Stat
Bank ft Trust Co.
Middle West Coal Co., Ashland; In
creasing capital from $50,000 to $100,
000. Central Presbyterian Church, Prince
ton; Incorporators, F. O. Wood, Robert
Morgan and Dique Eldred.
M. Livingston & Co., Paducah; gen
eral merchandise; capital, $125,000;
Incorporators, Harry Livingston, Lee
Livingston and R. S. Martin.
Hopklnsvllle Hunting and Fishing
Club, Hopklnsvllle; Increasing capital
from $2,000 to $3,000.
Thousand Sticks, Middlesboro,
changing name to PInacle News.
Gardner Bros. Co., Maysville; cap
ital, $2,000; automobile business; In
corporators, J. H. Gardner, E. M, Gard
ner and Thomas Malone.
Inter-Southern Securities Co., Louis
ville; capital, $25,000; incorporators,
M. Agress, C. E. Buckles and A. S.
The Latta Optical Co., Louisville;
increasing capital from $2,000 to $10,-
H. J. Gutman ft Co., Louisville;
amending articles; increasing capital
from $50,0000 to $100,000.
Home Apartment Co., Louisville;
capital, $25,000; incorporators, Hugh L.
Nevln, Louis G. Pfai and Clarence
Hord Construction Co., Maysville:
capital, $6,000 f Incorporators, E. S.
Hord, O. S. Hord and P. A. Hord.
Brought Back for a Crime.
Richard Allen, taken badk " from
jo Csaer TSFO iAr to -Jy
swer to a charge of Jail breaking and
complete serving a sentence of two
years for killing Charles Tucker, a
deputy sheriff, at the August election
day, 1883,' committed the crime, ac
cording to Charley Tucker, a son of
the victim, during a feud battle be
tween the Aliens and Atwoodi. Wil
liam, Ben and Dick Allen and the At
woods were facing each other In the
streets of Liberty with drawn guns.
When Deputy Sheriff Tucker, who was
a friend of both factions, walked be
twen . the belligerents, with uplifted
hand to prevent bloodshed,' Richard
Allen, Tucker said, was crazed with
liquor and some one was holding him.
The person let go and Richard shot
the deputy dead. The latter never had
time to draw a weapon.
Route of New Gas Line.
The company which is to supply
natural gas to Louisville has already
secured a line from the wells In the
western part of West Virginia to Inex,
Ky. From this point a right of way
has been secured almost In a bee litye
to Louisville. It passes west of Lib
erty in Morgan county, Frenchburg In
Menefee, Winchester in Clark, runs
about eight miles south of Lexington
and five miles north of Versailles In
Fayette and Woodford, about middle
distance between Lawrenceburg and
Frankfort, about Ave miles from Shel
byvllle, and thence to Louisville.
Dies Rescuing Wife.
After rescuing his wife from drown
ing. Leon Bryant, 2$ years old, sank
beneath the water, and when bis body
was recovered three minutes later he
was dead. The couple were at their
summer camp at Turkey Run and had
been boating. As the boat approach
ed the shore Bryant leaped from It and
tilted It so that Mrs. Bryant fell Into
the river. He Jumped In the water
and rescued her, but the shock and
exertion caused his death.
Good Roads Organization.
General Interest has been manifest
ed In the organisation of the Franklin.
County Good Roads League, and a rep
resentative gathering of cltlsens of the
city and county was present when it
organised In the office of E. H. Taylor,
Jr. The league Is assured of an ac
tive membership. No time will be lost,
they say, in setting about accomplish
int the one purpose the Improvement
of the roads.
Will Hear Railroads.
Notices have been sent to the varl
ous railroads and transportation com
panies of this stat having franchiser
and under the control of the State ralk
road commission that the commission
will meet in this city August 1 to XS
inclusive, for the purpose of hearing
evidence to Hi the value, of the tang l
ble rroperty of the companies.
MAN WHO STARTLED
David Lamar, the New York broker who gave startling testimony before
the senate committee on lobbying and admitted gloatingly that he had suc
cessfully Impersonated various members of congress In talking over the
telephone. ;.- .- y . . ;
1). S. TARS III
SAILORS OF PACIFIC RESERVE
FLEET MOB "RED FLAG" OF
FICES IN SEATTLE.
DANIELS ASSAILS- CREED
Attack Follows Claah Between Men
and Sailors In Which Latter Were
Defeated Police Look On.
Seattle. Wash., July 21. United
States sailors and marines from the
Pacific reserve fleet, reinforced by
soldiers and some young civilians,
made a general raid on Socialist and
Industrial Workers of the World
strongholds In this city Friday. The
attack followed a clash Thursday
night between I. W. V.'. people and
sailors. In which three of Uncle Sam's
men were beaten up.
A provost guard of fifty men of the
fleet was hurried ashore In cutters
to arrest all the rioters, who caused
Secretary of the Nary Daniels was
dining on the cruiser West Virginia,
the guest of Admiral Reynolds, when
the rioting began. The rioting was
ascribed to a speech he had made In
denunciation of the red flag.
There were two parties of rioters.
The first wrecking party to get under
way was composed of twelve men of
the navy, several members of ths
Washington naval reserve and 100
young civilians. Waving United
States flags the storming party swoop
ed down on the cart news stand of
Milard Price, a Socialist orator, at
Fourth avenue and Westlake boule
vard, the busiest night corner In the
The cart was broken to splinters
and the big stock or Socialist papers
and niagaaines destroyed.
The mob rushed to Socialist head
quarters on Fifth avenue, smashed the
plate glass window and nailed Ameri
can flags to the front' of the build
ing. Two policemen smiled compla
cently on the wreckers. The sailors
tor the signs off the front of the
building and broke them to pieces.
Meanwhile, a second party f men
from the fleet attacked the big Indus
trial Workers' headquarters on Wash
ington street. In the southern part of
the city. The contents of the build
ing were dragged Into the street and
a bonfire made of them.
The mob re-formed in the north
part of the city after It had been dis
persed and went back to the Socialist
headquarters and sacked the place,,
destroying furniture and a large
quantity of literature.
Shortly before midnight Secretary
Daniels, addressing a banquet at the
Rainier club In his honor, praised the
attitude of the mayor of Boston, who
stopped a red flag parade.
"The red flag has no place in this
country," be said, "and believers In
It have no place In this country. A
mayor who does not enforce the law
against the red flag is not flt to bold
office, and people who believe In the
red flag should be driven ftpm tie
. It Is said the riot was caused
primarily by the fact that severs sail
ore got Into fight with Industrial
Worker at street meeting.
THE LOBBY PR0DERS
M ELLEN LEAVES ROAD
MORGAN'S PROTEGE ON NEW
HAVEN TO RESIGN.. '
Announcement Follows Long Meeting
of Directors Became Preei-
' v.' ' " . S
JleTIun, (r almost ten years president
of the Nefr York. New Haven ft Hart
ford systelu of railroads, trolleys and
steamship lines, on Thursday submit
ted his resignation as president of the
road and rll Its subsidiaries to the di
rectors wlb were In session here for
more than five hours.
Announcement of Mr. Mellen's resig
nation, which la to take effect "at the
pleasure"! of the New Haven board,
but "in no event' later than October 1
next," followed a long meeting of the
directors, most of whom. Including
William Rockefeller and J. P. Morgan,
Mr. Mellen, whose recent manage
ment of the New Haven road has giv
en rise to considerable criticism, be
came president of that system In Octo
ber, 1903, resigning from the presi
dency of the Northern Pacific railway,
at the request of the late J. P. Morgan,
who regarded Mr. Mellen as the man
best fitted to reorganize the more or
less chaotic transportation lines of
the New England states.
Mr. Mellen's Immediate predecease,
John M. Hall, had managed the road
with all the conservatism which
marked the administration of corpor
ate affairs, especially In New England,
during the previous decade.
Marietta, O., July 1C Eighty pas
sengers, the majority of them women
and children, sfooj In water up to
their necks and faced death near for
Ave houra, while a frantically working
train crew reacued the entire number.
Michigan City. Ind.. July 15. This
city suffered a property loss of over
$; ,000,000 on Saturday, when the huge
lumber yards of the Haskell ft Barker
Car company burned.
Waupaca. Wis.. July 18. The first
occupant of a cell In the new Wiscon
sin asylum for criminal Insane, which
Is to be opened In October, will be
John Schrank, who wounded Col.
Theodore Rooaevelt at Milwaukee.
PASSENGER STEAMER IS SUNK
Iowa of Soodrioh Line Goes Down
With Cargo After Collision
Chicago, July 18. The steamer Iowa
of the Goodrich line was sunk at her
dock, east of the Rush street bridge,
Thursday, aa the result of a collision
with the Sheboygan, also a Goodrich
boat, near the mouth of the river.
The Iowa, according to officials of
the Una. tarried no passenger at the
time; those tu the Sheboygan were
considerably alarmed, but none was
Injured. The Iowa waa heavily lead
ed tta( freight and tha loss wUI be
heavy . Jfflctals of the company aald
fog was the direct sans of tfce collision.
MULHALL SWEARS N. A. M. HAD
SCHEME TO GET LABOR
' CHIEF TO DESERT.
M. CLAVE DENIES CHARGES
Candidate for Congress Telle Senate'
Lobby Committee That Witness
Perjured Himself In Testimony Be
Washington, July 21. The senate
lobby Investigating committee was
told on Friday nlgbt by S. Wood Mo
Clave, Republican candidate for con
gress Iff a special election to be held
In the Sixth New Jersey district, that
Martin M. Mulhall had perjured him
self In his testimony before that body.
He also denied that Mulhall had raised
or spent money for him or had man
aged hls campaign ' against William
Hughes In 1910.
Martin M. Mulhall gave the senate
lobby Investigating committee his
story of the alleged effort In 1907-1908
to bribe Samuel Gompere, president of
the? American Federation of Labor, to
desert the cause of labor and support
the policies advocated by the National
Association of Manufacturers.
Mulhall admitted he had no positive
Information that an attempt to bribe
Oompers had actually been made, but
he said Atherton Brownell of New
York had outlined the plans to him
and had told him of what was to be
The committee held a session at
night to hear the testimony of S. W.
McClav of Paterson, N. J., now a can
didate for congress, and with whom
Mulhall said ho had worked through
out the campaign of 1910, when Me
Clave waa running against William
Hughes In the Sixth dlBtrlct.
The committee opened the Oompers
incident when newspaper clippings ap
peared showing that Gompers bad
made the bribery charges before a
court in 1908, and that President Van
Cleave of the Manufacturers' associa
tion had denied all connection with
thorn. ; Mulh.-vll said' he bad kvi re
ferred by Van Cleave and Stvedt
man, the latter secretary of the asso
ciation, to Mr. Brownell. In New York,
who claimed to be conducting a pub
licity bureau for the association.
Brownell told him, he said, that a
man named Brandenberg waa follow
ing Gompers; that they had a plan
fixed up by which they expected to
"get" the labor leader, and that they
were positive they could not fall. Mul
hall said he warned them they would
not succeed, and later advised Van
Cleave to the same effect. Van Cleave
left New York suddenly, the witness
said, after telling him that he had
nearly "fallen Into a trap."
How the manufacturers' association
proposed to concentrate Its energies if
necessary for the re-election of Can
non In the 1908 campaign was de
scribed In one of the first letters
brought before the committee. The
letter was written to Mulhall by
Schwedtman on August 17, 1908, and
declared all energies would be concen
trated In Cannon's district "If there Is
the slightest occasion for It."
Other letters Identified covered a
wide range of activity, but centered
chiefly about the campaign In Indiana
in 1908, when Mulball, according to
the documents, waa working In cloae
co-operation with Congressman Jamea
R. Wateon and with national and state
Republican leaders. Mulhall told the
committee he raised $5.(00 for that
Inside views of Republican national
politics as seen by Martin M. Mulhall
were presented to the senate lobby
committee Thursday. According to
Mulhall'a correspondence read to the
committee snd his statements, submit
ted In amplification of the letters, It
waa the aim of the National Associa
tion of Manufacturers at Chicago con
vention in 1908 to support former
Speaker Joseph G. Cannon for the
As related by Mulhall. the political
plans of the National Association of
Manufacturers changed with kaleido
scopic ease and suddenness, and Mr.
Taft, who as secretary of war had for
a time been regarded with much
friendliness by the association, be
came "impossible" as Colonel Roose
velt's candidate for the prealdency.
It waa developed through a series of
letters placed In the record by the sen
ate lobby committee Wednesday that
the more active workers of the Na
tional Association of Manufacturers
aimed to bring about the appointment
of a promlneut member of the associa
tion, preferably Mr. Van Cleave, who
waa then Its president, as a member of
the cabinet of President Taft, and
also to have repreeeotatton oa th
Republican national commute.
Marshall to Be Chief Speaker.
Chicago, July $1. Vtce-Preaideut
Marshall will be the chief apeaker at
the ceremonies on July 17 at the lay
ing of the cornerstone of the $1,000,
H)0 vocational university to be erect,
id at Meosehart, a ear Aurora. Ill
WILL FORCE U. S. HAND
HUERTA BLAMED FOR INTRIGUE
AMONG EUROPEAN ENVOYS.
American Faces Inquiry Expected te
Disclose the Reason for Recog
Washington, July 19. It developed
Thursday that a great International
plot, which may Involve a dtplomatlo
scandal, lies behind the movement to
secure recognition by the United
States of the Huerta government of
Mexico. This plot found expression
tn "fake" an tl-American1 - demonstra
tions and in the application of inter
national pressure upon the United
It is now possible to outline some
thing of the Washington administra
tion's views about conditions in Mex
ico which previously have been veiled
by refusals to talk and general mys
tery on the part of the state depart
ment. Many, if not all, of the reported
anti-American demonstrations in the
City of Mexico, in the opinion of the
Washington officials, have been manu
factured for the purpose of forcing
this government to recognize the
Huerta regime. Conditions generally,
as affecting American Uvea and prop
erty, are not believed to be so serious
as have been reported; in fact, it la
declared that there is an artificiality
about the whole business which de
mands a thorough probing before any
action is taken that will even indicate
the adoption of a new policy.
That European members of the dip
lomatic corps In the City of Mexico
have been parties to some extent to
the "artificiality" which Is designed
to have an effect on the United States
Is believed to be the view of the ad
ministration here, although It would
not be diplomatic of course for any
one tn authority to admit It.
STRIKE IS PUT UP TO ROADS
Representatives of Men Say New De
mands Muat Be Withdrawn to Avert
Walkout Mediator Named.
New York. July 19. The 80,000
trainmen and conductors who threat
en a strike against 45 eastern railroads
win not agree under any circumstances
to have the roads' grievances arbi
trated at the same time as the men's
demands for better wages under the
Newlands amendment to the Erdman
act, according to a statement Issued on
Thursday by W. G. Lee and A. B. Gar
retson, presidents, respectively, of the
trainmen's and conductors' brother
hoods. Mr. Lee, In a verbal statement sup
plementing the formal . one. declared
that If the railroads persist In their
present stand to have their own griev
ances arbitrated, ft is absolutely cer
tain that a strike will follow.
Washington, July 19. President
Wilson on Thursday selected William
L. Chambers of the District of Colum
bia to be commissioner of mediation
and conciliation, under the Newlands
act. and G. W. W. Hanger as his as
sistant. Their names w ere sent to the
senate. The two other members of the
new board wilt be Judge Martin Knapp
of the United States commerce court
and Louis F. Post, assistant secretary
TRAIN PASSENGERS PERILED
Fireman Diacevers That Northwestern
( Limited Is Racing With No Hand
at the Throttle.
La Crosse. Wis.. July 18. Hundreds
of passengers on a limited Northwest
ern train were at the mercy of an un
controlled engine Wednesday night,
roaring through tunnel No. 1 a dan
gerous stretch at a mile a minute
and down grade at an even faster rate,
while Engineer Henry Denier sat un
conscious at the throttle.
Hla -fireman, Jacob Nenman, waa
buay atoklng, and did not inquire why
the train was holding such extraor
dinary apeed. He saw that Denier
waa In bla uaual posture, apparently
keeping his eyes on the track ahead.
As the limited cleared th tunnel th
swaying of th engine alarmed New
man and, looking cloaely, he saw that
Denier lurched strangely In hla
seat. He shook him. Th man fell
The train waa stopped and th en
gineer was removed to th baggage
car on a cot. Doctors at Norwalk aald
be had been stricken by apoplexy,
probsbly the result of a long Illness. It
ws the engineer's first trip after re
covering. Report Theft ef Gold.
Philadelphia, July 18. A dispatch
received here from Sun bury. Pa.,
states that $10,000 In gold oola dis
appeared from a car oa the Pennsyl
vania railroad while being transported
from th United States mint la this
city to a bank In Buffalo, N. Y. Rail
road officials her deny that such a.
robbery has takes place, . .. i
1 " r