Newspaper Page Text
. Tm STORY Of INC FIRST MftSUaWTxa,
V .X TW TSIW SDVIIIIFNT k"'
Improvs en Acquaintance.
H hud sepn'llk demoralization and
lacknss In ths old days at Winches.
tef, on th wild frontier, but he ad
expected to And a better spirit and
discipline In the New Fnjrland leles.
HI drat dlsftuet, however, soon
wore oft. He was not flow to see how
shrewd and sturdy these 'uncouth. In
tractable plough boys and farmers
could prove themselves upon occa
sion. Material for a Good Army.
"I have a sincere pleasure In ob
serving," he wrote to congress, "that
there are materials for a Rood army,
a (treat number of able-bodied men,
active, tealous In the cause, and of
There was time enough and to spare
In which to learn his army's quality.
"Our lines of defence are now com
pleted." be could tell I.und Washing
ton on the 2oth of August, "as near so
at least as can be we now wish them
to come out as soon as they please;
but they discover no Inclination to
quit their own works of defense; and
an It Is almost impossible for us to
get at them, we do nothing but watch
each other's motions all day at the
distance of about a mile.1
An Immenas Correspondence.
He could even turn away from
military affairs to advise that "spin
tiirft? should go forward with all pos
sible despatch" on the estate at home,
and to say, "I much approve of your
sowing wheat In clean ground, al
though you should be late In doing
Once more he settled to the old fa
miliar work, this time u,pon a great
scale, of carrying a difficult enterprise
forward by correspondence. Letters
to the ConHnntal Congress at Phila
delphia, letters to the provincial con
gresses of the New England colonies,
letters to subordinate (sometimes In
sbordlnnte) officers at distant, posti.
letters (o Intimate friends and In
fluential men everywhere, setting
forth the needs and situation of the
army, advising mensures of organiza
tion, supply.and defense, pointing out
means that mlsht be used and mis
takes that mutt be avoided, command
ing, dlHguadln-?, guiding, forecasting,
courerf steadily forth from those busy
heat quarters, -Aere the comamnder-In-chief
was always to be found. In
tent, deeply employed, calmly Impera
tive, never tiring, never besitatins.
never storming, a leader and master
of men and affairs.
Washington waa In his prime, and
all the forty-three years of his strenu
ous life he had ben at school to learn
how such a ta?k as thle waa to be per
He had found the army not only
without propr - discipline and equip
ment, but actually without powder;
and the winter had come and waa
passing away before even that pri
mary and perilous need could be sup
plied. The men of that extemporized array
bad been enlisted but for m few
months service. When their brief
terms of enlistment ran out they In
Vntinently took themselves off; and
Waahington'a most earnest appeala to
the continental and provincial con
gresses to provide for longer enlist
ments and an adequate system of re
vrultment did not alwaya suffce to
prevent hU force from perilously
dwindling away under his very eyes.
Providence Favors the Patriots.
It was merciful providence that
disposed the British to lie quiet in Bos
ton. Such authority as he had. Washing
ton used to the utmost, and with a
diligence and foresight which showed
all bis old policy of Thorough.
Under his orders few taat vessels
were fitted out and armed as priva
teers at the nearest safe' porta. Mar
blhead volunteera In the army were
put aboard them for crews, and the
enemy's supplies were captured upon
the aeaa and brought overland the
much-needed powder and all Into the
American 'camp, while men-of-war
which might have swept the coast
lay just at band In the harbor.
Keeping Things 8tlrred Up.
No opportunity was missed either to
disturb the British or to get what the
army needed; and the ministers at
home, as well as the comu.diiders In
Boston, grew uneasy and apprehensive
In the presence of so active and watch
ful an opponent
He was playing the game boldly,
even a bit desperately at times. More
than ouce, aa the alow inoutbs of siege
dragged by, he would have haxardud
a surprise and sought to take the city
by storm, had not the eounsel of his
offloers persistently restrained him.
Fighting In the North.
Ouly In the north was there such
fighting as he wished to see.
Montgomery bad pushed through the
fores la aud taken Montreal (Novem
ber 12th, 1775). At the same time
Washington bad sent a force of some
twelve hundred men. under Benedict
Arnold, to see what could be done
agalnat the little garrison at Quebec.
The Journey had cost Arnold four hun
dred men; but with what he had left
ha had climbed straight to the
Heights of Abraham and summoned
the British at their gates.
When they would neither surrender
nor fight, he bad sat down to wait for
Montgomery; and when be came, with
barely five hundred men, had atormed
the atout defenses, In a driving snow
storm In the black darkness that
came Just before the morning on the
last day of the year. Had Montgom
ery not been killed in the assault, the
surprise would have succeeded; and
Arnold had no cauae to be ashamed of
the gallant affair.
Failure though It was, It heartened
the troops before Boston to think what
might be done under such officers.
Mrs. Washington Visits Camp.
The monotony of the long, anxious
season waa broken at Cambridge by a
touch now and again of such pleas
ures aa spoke of home and gracious
peace. In midwinter Mrs. Washington
had driven into camp, come all the
way from Virginia, with proper escort
In her coach and four, her horses be
stridden by black postilions In their
livery of scarlet and white; and she
had seemed to bring with her to the
homely place not only the cere
monious habit, but the genial and hos
pitable air of Virginia as well.
Many a quiet entertainment at head
quarters coaxed a little ease of mind
out of the midst of even that grim and
trying winter's work while she waa
Washington Ready to 8trlke.
With the first month of spring
Washington determined to cut Inaction
short and make a decisive stroke.
He had been leng enough with the
army now to presume upon its con 1
dence and obedience, though he fol
lowed bis counsels. Siege can
non had been dragged through tli :
I'nwllllng forests all the way from
Tlconderoga; the supplies and th
time had come, and on the morning of
the 5th of March. 1776, the British
stared to see ramparts and cannon on
"It was like (he work of the genii
of Aladdin's wonderful lamp," declared
one of their astonished officers.
Occupies Dorchester Heights.
Why they bad themselves neglected
to occupy the bills of Dorchester, and
had waited so patiently till Washing
ton should have time and such guns as
be needed, was a question much press
ed at home in England; and their stu
pidity was rewarded now.
They had suffered themselves to be
amused all night by a furious cannon
ading out of Roxbury, Soznerville. and
East Cambridge, while two thousand
men, a battery of heavy ordnance, nd
hundreds of wagons and ox-carts wilu
timber, bales of hay, spades, crowbuia,
hatchets, hammers, and nails, bad
been gotten safely to the Dorchester
When they saw what had happened
tbey thought of the assault upon bun
ker's hill, and hesitated what to do.
A violent atorm blew up while they
waited, rendering an attack across the
water impracticable, and wbin the
calmer morning of the 6th dawned it
was too late; the American position
was too strong. Neither the town nor
the harbor could safely be held under
fire from Dorchester Heights.
The British Evacuate.
There was nothing for it but to
evacuate the place, and no one gain
said their departure.
By the 17th they were all embarked,
eight thousand troops and nine hun
dred loyalist cltlsens of Boston, and
had set sail towards the north for Hal
ifax. Tbey were obliged to leave be
hind them more than two hundred can
non and a great quantity of military
stores of every klud powder, mus
kets, gun-carriages, small-arms what
ever aa army might need.
When Wasblugtoa established him
self in General Howe's headquarters,
In Mrs. fdwarda' comfortable lodging
house at the bead of State street, he
could congratulate himself not ouly on
a surprising victory brllllautly won.
but on the possession, besides, of more
DUI DO lOl HJMWB1VU, WMIU, VI i
powder and better stores and equlpO
menta thsn be could have dreamed of
In his camp at Cambridge.
He caught up his landlady's little
granddaughter oue day, set her on
bis knee, aa be liked to do, and aakrd
her, smlltug. which she liked the bet
ter, the redcoats or the provincials.
T redcoats," said the child.
"Ah, my dear," said the yonng gen
eral, a blithe light In his blue eyes,
"they look better, but they don't light.
The routed fellows are the boys for
Washington Leaves Boston.
But he did not linger at Boston.
He knew that Its rapture did not
end, but only deepened, the struggle.
Reinforcements would be poured out
of Enrland with the spring, and the
next point of attack would unques
tionably be New York, the key to the
Here again waa a city flanked about
on either hand by water, and com
manded by heights the heights of
Brooklyn. A gsrrlton must be left In
Boston, and New York must be held
for the most part by a new levy, ai
raw, as 111 organized and equipped, ai
factious, as uncertain in capacity and
purpose, as that which had awaittd
hla discipline and guidance before
An Ever-Chsnglng Army.
It was sn army alwaya a-maklng
and to be made.
The sea was open, moreover. The
British could enter the great harbor
when they pleased.
The Insurgents bad no naval force
whatever with which to withstand
them on the water. There were a
score of points to be defended which
were yet without defence on the Ion.
island where the town lay, aod roun 1
about the spreading arms of the sen
that enclosed It; and there were bi '
eighteen thousand militia-men mus
tered lor the formidable task. In th
midst of an active loyalist popula
tion. The thing must be attempted, never
Vital to Hold the Hudson.
The command of the Hudson would
very likely turn out to be the con
mand of the continent, and the struif
gle wss now to be to the death.
It was too late to draw back.
The royal authority had. In fact
been everywhere openly thrown o .'.
even lu the nildt!e colonies, where al
legiance and opinion huug atlll at so
doubtful a bulanoe.
For Washington the whole Bltuatloii
must have seemed to be summed vr
'a vhit hnd taken place In his ow.
colony at home.
Dunmor Rale's and Destroys.
Duninore, whrn be tUd to the men-of-war
in the bay, had cilled livun a'!
rlio were loyal to follow him, rui"
even offered frtdom to all slav t
.d servants who wculd er'I ;t in thf
force he should collect for the purpcr
of "reducing the colony to a proper
cense of Its duty." I'nable to do more
he had ravaged the coasts on eithc
hand upon the bay, end h:.d put mitn
ashore wlthiu the rivers to raid !
burn, making Ncrfclk, with its lovnl
Ut merchants, his headquarters and
Driven tfcecce.by .(.he provlncft'i
militia, be had utterly destroyed t V
town by fire, and was now refuged
upon Gwynn's Island, striking whrr.
!:e could, as bd at the uuprotecti d
hamlets and plantations that looked
everywr re out upon the water.
Virginia's only executive. th?.e nine
months and more, had been h-r cc:n'
mittee of safety, of which Edmund
Pendleton was president. ,
Carolina Declares Independence.
Washington had hardly besuu his
work of organization ai d defence a'
Tew York before North Carolina
(April 12. 177B) authorlitd her dele
gates In the congress at Philadelphia
to Join In a declaration of lniU:pfi'j
nice; and the next month (May Jl
the congress advised ho coloniser'
nlve over all -show and pretence c:
waiting for or desiring peace or ac
comnudalon; to form complete si
Independent governments of their own
and so put an end to "the exercise c
every kind of authority under tii
The' next step was a Joint Declar
tlon of Independence, upon a motion
made in congress by Richard Henry
I.ee, in eager obedience to the ex pre,
bidding of a convention met in th
hall of the Burgesses at Williamsburg.,
to frame a corUUjtlon for Virginia.
Many Still 'Unconvinced.
His tnoiion was adopted by th
votea of every colony except New
York. It was a bitter thing to many t
loyal man In the colonies to see such
things done, and peace rendered Im
possible. Not even those mho ccunti 1
themselves among the warmest friend
of the colonial cause were agreed that
it was wise thus to throw of one gov
ernment before another was put in lt:i
place while there was as yet no bet
ter guidance in that districted tlmo
than might be bad from a body of
gentlemen In Philadelphia who pos
sessed no power but to advise.
Kut the radicals were In the sad
dle. Washington for No Compromise.
Washington himself came down from
New York to urge that the atep be
taken. He deemed such radicalism
wise; for he wished to see compro
mise abandoned, and all minds set a
sternly as his own In the resolve to
fight the fight out to the bitter end
"I have never entertained an Idea
a accommodation," he said, "since I
Ut-ard of the measures which werr
adopted lu consequence of the Bunk
er's Hill fight"; and bis wll hardened
to the contest after the fashion that
had always been characteristic of bun
when once the heat of action was ip
Teriee Make Difficulties.
He grew stern, and spoke some
times with a touch of harshness. In
the presence of his difficulties at N
"w f " . --
York; because be knew that
ere made tor him In no small part
by Americans who were in th Hi-U-Ish
luterest, and whom be scorn I
even white scrupulous to be Just it
what be did to thwart and niast
"It requires more serenity of tsyi
- anrtMudlu and in K'
courage than fell to the lot of Marl
borough to ride In this whirlwind,"
said John Adams; snd the young com
mander In-chief had them all.
But his qoiet wss often that of a
metal at white heat, and be kindled a
great fire with whst he touched.
No strength of will, however, could
suffice to hold New York and Its open
harbor sgalnst a powerful enemy with
such troops as Washington could Irlll
and make between April and July.
On the ZMh of June British trans-porta-tiegftn
to gather In the lower
bay. Within a few days they had
brought thirty thousand men armed
and equipped as no other army had
ever been In America.
(TO BR CONTINUED.)
Our aim Is to please everybody and we.
will be delighted If you will call on us when
In need of anything In our line. Coving-
on, Thorpe & Co. 11 U
Nomination Settled by
In the recent primary Mr. M.
M. Scrivener and Mr. W. F. Fer
ell were opposing candidates for
the Democratic nomination for
Constable in this city.
The election resulted in a tie.
They agreed to settle the matter
by tossing a coin and yesterday
they met and Mr. Thomas Bur
nam tossed the coin and Mr. W.
F. Ferrell won the nomination.
It was a good natured contest
and Mr. Scrivenir, who had held
the office for several years, pledg
ed his hearty support to Mr. Fer:
rell, who is one of the town's
prominent young Democrats.
Sow Gives Birth to 22 Pigs
A record litter of pigs from a
single sow. was made by a porker
owned by O. P. Huffman, the
well known butcher of Stanford,
on Sunday. Mr. Huffman's sow
bore a litter of 22 pigs, 17 of
which have lived and are doing
nicely. The other five died soon
after birth. Nearly all were of a
uniform size and well proportion
ed. All who have heard of them
say this is a record litter. - Stan
' Voted For a Dead Man
AT the election on Saturday in
r ultoncounty, a number oi irienar
voted for H. F. Remeley, candi
date for County Attorney, who
was killed Thursday night by his
horse plunging jver an embank
ment, falling on him and crusl
ing but his life. They contended
that this would be legal in tht
eyes of the law inasmuch as Mr.
Remeley's name was already on
the ballot- Ex.
Remember when you come to town and
want seed that Covington. Thorpe & Go.
handle the best that can be bought ant!
will sell then worth the money. Come
and see us at 'ZS'l West Main street. 11-tf
Travel to Orchard St for the best cf
everything. Richmond Coal & Supply
Don't forget the Open Air Con
cert by the Know Nothing Club
at Mrs. K. G. Wiggins 319 3rd St.
Thursday night Aug. 14.
Wewant.your logs, or will saw them f
you while you wait. Blanton Lumber C
Phone 425. lo-tf
A Southern paper prints this
bright bit from a correspondent:
'The difference between life and
love is that life's just one blamed
thing after another and love's
two blamed things after one
Mr Your name on our list will be duly
When you want first-class groceries call
up Covington, Thorpe & Co., 72 and 144.
An ideally located
On West Main Street, op'xv
site Judge Burnani.
GRANT E. LILLY
News In and
Mr. Chester Kngte returned from Dayton
Mr. J. M. Early spent last week at home
with his family.
Mil Maltie Medlock of Anville Is visit
ing Mrs. U. B. Roberts.
Miss Amy Todd Is visiting her sister,
Mrs. James Early, in India' a.
Rev. C A. Van Winkle and family of
Harlnn are visiting relatives here.
Mr. J. W.VanWinkle of Mount Veron is
spending a few days in Bcra with his chil
dren. Mrs. A. B. Huff relumed to Lexington
Sunday after a two weeks visit with rela
tives. Mrs. W. H. Mnore is spending the wek
with Mr. and Mr. J. R. A.hi!l at Rich
mond. Miss Ethel Azhill of London visited her
sister Mrs. W. H. Moore the first of the
Oscar Wyatt who has been spenJing the
summer at battle Creek, Mich, relumed
Mr. U. B. Roberts and family returned
Thursday from Anville where they have
been visiting relatives.
Miss llallie Hill who has been at Collie
1 Hill, O. for the past year is spending a few
! weeks with her father.
! Mrs. Sam Bastin of Lexington and Mr.
i Authcr Searlof East Iternstadt visited their
sister. Mrs. Sallie Hanson last week.
Rushed the Order
A TRAVELING Salesman, while in
Nashville, Tenn., took a large order,
promising delivery in ten days. It
would take two days for the order- ta
reaeh the rlome Office by mail. It took
him only a few minutes to telephone the
order from a pay station of the 13ell Tele
Time saved by telephoning orders
often means fulfillment ot con tract.
CUMBERLAND TELEPHONE ;C
& TELEGRAPn COMPANY
Subscriptions May Be New or Renewal
In addition to this wonderful combination offer, we
will give each of our cash and paid up subscribers for
one year a
Copies of the famous old masters. These pictures
readily sell for $1.00 in the art stores. Watch the
paper for further particulars.
Prof. ). W. Dinsmore of Kent O. for
merly Dean of Normal Depsrtment of
Berea College, spent a few days here.
Mr. and Mrs. M. E. Vaughn of Tenn.
who have been spending the summer with
Mr. Vaughn's parents, returneJ Sunday.
Mrs. Jennie Fish and daughter left San
day for Cincinnati and will spend two
weeks at Mt. Jackson Sanitarium InJian
apolis Ind. before their return.
The father of Mrs. S A. Edward died
Tuesday. He was stricken the week be
fore with paralysis. The remains were
taken to Croton. O. for burial, accompanied
by Prof, and Mrs. Edwards.
The members of the Davis family met
Saturday at Van Winkle Grove for their
annual picnic, there being m iru than eighty
I members present. Well filled baskets were
! brought and at noon dinner was sprea J.
All enjoye.l being to'ether aain aiJ Ink
forward to meeting together next year.
sr Director of Mdel
Mr. David Caldwell McBryde,
formerly Director of the Mo lei
School of Eastern State Nor nal
is in the city, and is being cirdi
ally welcomed by his old friends.
Mr. McBryde is now a Profes
sor at Yale and we congratulate
him on his deserved honors.