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Kentucky Irish American. (Louisville, Ky.) 1898-1968, December 31, 1910, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86069180/1910-12-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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I a s C u
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f JENTUCKY IRISH AMERICAN C
ti OI
y VOLUME XXVNO 27 LOUISVILLE SATURDAY DECEMBER 31 19101PRICE FIVE CENTS
I
GLADSOME I i
I
Spirit 01 Christmas Ucllcctcd in
Faces of Young and
Old
a
r
i
Happy Greetings From Pope
and Prelates to Their
Flocks
Bishop ODonaghuo Has Joy
oils Message to Kentucky
Catholics
r
CARDINAL ADDRESSES AMERICA
il
From all parts of Christendom
comes word that Christmas day was
appropriately celebrated by Cath
olics The oldtime Christmas cus
toms prevailed In Ireland and other
trcountries tr of the old world and the
1 f glory of God and peace of men
seemed to be uppermost in the
thoughts of the whole human race I
In Rcme the Pope celebrated
l Pontifical mass In our own America
Cardinal Gibbons officiated at Balti 1 I
more and the Right Rev Bishop
v ODonaghue celebrated the early
solemn high mass at the earlyI I
tPopo t had a message for his flock
Pope Plus spoke to the whole world
j t Cardinal Gibbons to Americans and 1
Bishop ODoftaghue to Kentuckians I
Pope Plus spent a great part of j I
the day with his venerable sisters
and later received Cardinal Merry i
del Val and members of the Vatican
household All of his audiences were
of a private character Cardinal I
Gibbons had this message for Ameri
cans I
cansThe spirit of Christmas is the
spirit of joy Of all the festival days
Christmas Is always the I
In tho year I
i I
brightest and most gladsome
f Though there is cold In the air and
j frost and snow under our feet there
Is always sunshine In our hearts
rChrIstmas is always popular Ever
p ancient and ever new time writes no
I wrinkles on the brow of this annual
visitor Joy enters the family circle
today the day of family reunion
Tho sons and brothers scattered far
and wide are eager to meet again
In their childhood home and to re I 1
i new the cherished affections ot early I
days They Jove to hear their faith
rs dths toihea st rs vot t
und to partake with them of vtho
family meal and to relate their
vatled struggles In the tumultuous
sea of life and they return to their
respective pursuits refreshed and
fortified by the endearing memories
of domestic ties The spirit of Christ
mas IB indeed a spirit of joy and
may every American heart glow with
its genial and sacred warmth this
dayI I the Catholic churches in Louis
ville were filled to overflowing at
the 6 oclock masses on Christmas
morning The decorations and Il
luminations were appropriate and
elaborate The announcement that
the Right Rev Bishop ODonaghue
was to officiate at the Cathedral
brought an unusually large crowd to
that stately minster Bishop ODon
aghuo spoke these words of Christ
mas greeting
It gives me great pleasure to
wish you the best blessings of this
holy season and to be here with you
on this joyous occasion I only re
Bret that I can not be really as 1
D am in spirit with all the congrega
tions of the dlocepe This beautiful
Christmas morn typifies the dawn of
hope for the Christian world We
have Infinitely more to bo thankful
for than those who lived in tho pre
Christian times who lived labored
died and turned to dust with only
the expectation of a Redeemer Man
sinned mortally in the very dawn of
creation against ad Infinite God Of
fense takes its nature from the One
offended Man of himself was pow
erless to make atonement for his
fall The touching scene in the rude
stable at Bethlehem speaks more
eloquently than words of Gods love
for man and the grand lesson of
worldly detachment conveys itself at
a glance urging us to look up and
beyond baubles and glitters of
earthly things to the heavenly world
from which on that first Christmas
morn the angels sang in voices so
swept that still It echoes through the
world Glory be to God on high
Peace on earth to men of good w1111
flGod created the world and yet I
when He came there was no room on
earth for its Creator Mary and
Joseph were turned from all doors
There was no room A rough stone
grotto warmed by the breath of
animals Was the only reception I
place Let us always keep a place I I
In the heart of man whom He loves
so well and on this blessed Christ
mas morn Jet us resolve to give Him
our loyal love and do all in our
power to make reparation for the I
indifference and lukewarmness of
mankind 1
mankindLet
Let us join our prayers aspira
tions and resolutions with the carols I
of the angels in the skies Christ e
desire to bestow blessings is as great
M lilt love for us Let us show the I
true spirit of cooperation by per
severing In our good resolutions and
Work Bishop ODonaghue will Breach at
lie late ma at ibe Cathedral at
Jfl80 oclock toMorrow < It < wlll be
hie ONt I1HP Yeassaaerageto fete
o ItW k awl tyM chttwA pill feat b e
I I aile ti aaj nmio ak lilt tkoM wfeo
dear jo attend
I
F
VOTED DOWN
IMmbers
Members of Division 4
Paid No Heed to Able
Leader
Division 4 A 0 H held its final
meeting of 1910 at Bertrand Hall on
Thursday night ot last week Owing
to the fact that the annual election
IJOHN HENNESSY
President of Division 4 A O H
was to take place the attendance was
unusually large President Hen
nessy did not wish to stand for re I
election but his wishes were en
tirely overridden The officers for
1911 areI I
PresidentJohn H Hennessy
Vice President Thomas Lynch
Recording Secretary John J
BarryFinancial I
Financial Secretary Thomas J
LanganTreasurerHarry
TreasurerHarry Brady
ITreasurerHarry
Assistant Financial Secretary
ID J ReillyI I I
SergeantatArms William OalI I
laghanSentlnelM 1
Sentinel M J McDermott
1
Standing Committee Stephen J
IlcElllott F J Mooney L J
Meaney Thomas DIgnau and Robert i
MitchellI I I
All the members promised loyal
support to the new officers and toI I
help build up the division The deI I
gree team has already begun to re I
hearse for a big Initiation to be heldI I
on January 23 A social session with
a musicale and refreshments will
II I
President Honnessy has made 1
such an excellent chief executive I
hat the memberaadeati usof
retalntng Pln the chair l tndet j
inltely Division 4 closes the year I
with a nice sum In the treasury
GREAT MISSION
Brings Joy to Pastor and
People of Fayettes
Capital
It was a great Christmas day for
Lexington tho beautiful capital of
the Bluegrass Tho spirit of the
ChrIsten lid was in the air as the
result of the mission at St Peters
church Father Punch pastor of St 1
Peters deserves credit for bringing
about the mission the Catholics of
Lexington deesrve credit for sup
porting Father Punch in his ofl
Fathers Kllgour Conroy and Xavier
CON J FORD
President of Division 2 A 0 H
IP deserve crowns for
their untiring energy The mission
was a lengthy ono a week for Cath
olic women a week for Catholic
men and a week for nonCatholics
Father Sutton was the principal 1
I speaker to our separated brethren A
question box was placed at the door
and each night after the first non
Catholics wrote questions concerning
Catholic teaching and placed them
in the question box Father Sutton
answered all questloTta and very sat
isfactorily Father Punch had given
wide publicity to the presence of
Father Button and his purpose
i Forceful and convincing In his man
nor Father Sutton made a deep im
eion pn the nonCatholics AS I
Iln result many Are under Instructions
and if God plMwei will won she re
letvedl1tto tHOM holy Catholic
and apoatoUc church
Father Punch te a Kentuckian and
knows what the people of his State I
need in Hilt ee tLnc foe the light
of faith There are othr aeetkms
of tkVfUaU thatif Mld be beef fbe d I
by mtottoiM like w etf at L xUff
Leslagtee
lWMitIUk
Y
U n
l1I J
i f 0 611
ROUTED
Smashing Blow Struck Against
Faction hi Irelands
Polities
I
I
Have Learned Wisdom From I
j
Bitter Lessons ot the I
Past
II I I
Prediction That Restored Leg
Lslatiire Will Open In
Two Years
I
DOOM OF WILLIAM OBRIEN I
II I I
Commenting on the gratifying re
sults the Dundalk Democrat one
of the ablest and staunchest Na
tionalist papers published in Ire
land thus summarizes the political
situation on the eve of the close of
the recent election
4
The smashing blow struck by the 1
Nationalists of North Louth for
unity and against faction In Irish
politics was but tho herald of a
whole series of splendid victories
Two weeks ago the English i Unionist i
press was rejoicing in the prospect
of the breakup of the National
movement The wedge Inserted 1
by unhappy William OBrien was Ito
be driven home Twenty If notI I
thirty Nationalist seats were to be
captured by the AllforIrcland II
IIfactlonlstsj
factlonlsts and this was greeted
II
foretellingas Indeed It might have I
foretoldthe destruction of thec I
I I
movement that had made home rule
otherwise Inevitable Gleefully the I 1
Unionists turned from tho dark I
prospects of their party in Great
Britain to the gleam ot hope pre j t
sented by the DunravonOBrion I
conspiracy In Ireland If but Red j 1
mond could be got out of the sadI I
dleIf the Irish people could be
Induced to reject the men who had I
served them well for a quarter of
I
a century and entrust their des i l
tinies to unfortunate OBrien and j
his Tory friendsthen perhaps the
victory of the democracy might be
postponed the doom of the hered c
itary blockers of progressive legis
la p ton dv mt d and th omlnJ211Z
the rase long armforces in politics
restored
But alas for Tory hopes tho 1
Irish people havo not taken the bait I
The OBrlenlto factionists havo been I
routed everywhere outside of witch i I
ridden Corkand there have pre I
vailed only for the moment Thirty 1
eight of Redmonds followers have
been elected unopposed Mayo was
to have been swept Into the OBrien 1
net but Instead three of tho county I
divisions have not even boon con
tested South Mayo has rejoined
United Ireland returning John Fltz
gibbon In place of John ODonnell C
and West Mayo will today reject C
poor OBrien himself In West <
Waterford where that bumptious
young man Maurice Healy Jr was
to have swept tho floor with OShee
ho polled only 700 votes out of
3100 and the Nationalist candidate
was elected with a majority of
1676 as compared with 444 last
January This does not look as If
the new factlonism was progressing
in the South nor Is it any proof ofI I
the persuasive powers of the lateI
I
member for North Lout who wentI
I
to Dungarvan to support ibisI I
nephew Here are a few more NaI I
tionalist majorities over faction
Galway City 859 Dublin Har
bor 2613 Limerick City 1770
Wlcklow East 1109 Limerick
East 2334 Kings county South
1499 Tlpperary Mid 770 Kerry
South 1944 Wexford South
2414 Cork East 1239
Besides these triumphs over fac
tlonlsts the Nationalist members
have hold their own against Union
ists in West Belfast North Monag
han and elsewhere The healing
of the Nationalist split In Mid
Tyrone won that seat for Ireland
again and there is every prospect
of South Dublin going Nationalist
this time I
These results speak the doom of
William OBrien They show that
the Vast majority of Irishmen have
learned wisdom from the bitter
lessons of the past They prove
and none so clearly as in North
Louth that the necessity for unity
In this supreme crisis bf National
affairs Is appreciated and under
stood by thQ people They show
the bitter Unionist enemies of Ire
1land that their < l game is up their
Alast card played that John Red
mond will go to Westminster in a
raw weeks from now to present the
gdemand of a united and determined
people Great Britain is sending
the Liberals back to power with I
numbers undiminished Premier
nAsquith has already the mandate of
the people to grapple with the Lords
and smash that rollo of feudal bar
brsm the veto rhatg < pne the
way is clear for homo rule for
OBriens h dfullfCork rebels e
will be brushed aside like files In
two years time we shall be celebraU
Ing the opening of our restored
tegkdature and the Utotermen who
eye talking cbat > treason just now
and telling the paper r that
they are bttyjjicjjrifle to resist born te I
rl a Will be falltog ov reaebottier
la their haste < to to firsts Sate
JrlthParll
I
rf
J Ytyi Ye
a
i
ii l 1j
PROTESTANT
Refutes Attacks Upon Ma
jority of People of
Ireland
A Protestant Englishman who hi J
resided for nearly twenty years in
the South of Ireland has addcd his
testimony to that of other corre
spondents of thqy London Dally
Chronicle who nave denounce
Unionist attacks upon the majority
of the people of Ireland During all
the time that I have lived in Ire
land he writes f jlrave experienced
nothing but kindness and courtesy
from my Catholic and Nationals
neighbors My position ad a pro
fessional lman l has brought me Into
touch with all classes and as a
Protestant I fell bound to say that
the only Intolerance Ihave seen has
been on my own side We hear much
of oppression but the only oppres
sion I have seen ha been on the part
of the landlords and their agents
The poorer Protestants suffer or
much from landlord tyranny as fto
their Catholic neigHbors
JIECENT DEATHS
The funeral of JjMrs Catherine
Larner sixty years of age who dlfodI I
of acute IndlgestlonyChrlstmas eve
ning was conducted Tuesday morn
jug from St Patricks church of 1
which she was a Jdevout f member I
Two sons Michael and Thomas Lar
ner and two daughters Miss Mary
Earner and Mrs Thomas Murphy
of Milwaukee survive her
Many friends and relatives mourn
the death of Raymond J Gruber
the slxteenyearoldj son of S J
Gruber which occurred Tuesday
morning at his borne 449 Twenty
sixth street The Deceased was a
manly boy and gave promise of al
bright future The funeral was held l
Thursday morning from St Cecilias
church and the largo attendance
showed the widespread sympathy
felt for the bereaved parents
Charles J McCann brother of
the late Judge John McCann and I
for many years employed by the
Louisville Nashville Railroad Com
pany died Wednesday at the home
cf his sister Mrs Lqulse Jacob 4612
West Broadway after an Illness of
only a fow days tic is survived by
another slater l1rs Belle Cronan
The funeral took place yesterday
morning from Holm Cross church
and the Intorment was in St Johns
cemetery e
h min r alo Q ffiJl
C nova tw i ty rQremorageifI
stenographer for J the Louisville R
Nashville Lallroad Company who i
died of tuberculosis Saturday morn I
Ing was conducted Tuesday morn
Ing from St Charles Borromeo
church Ho fs survived by his I
mother Mrs Amelia Canova 2345 1
West Madison street two brothers
Alexander and Inrlocent Canova and
three slaters Aliases Amelia RosaJ J
and EmmaC novaI I
St Louis Bertrands congregation
lost another old member on Satur
day through the death of William
OConnor He was born in Ireland
eightysix years ago but had lived
the greater part of his life in Louls
JIle His house at 728 West Oak
street was one of the first dwellings
In what Is called Limerick Mr
OConnor was formerly a contracting
carpenter and builder He was a
brotherinlaw of Father Kelly the
Dominican hero who sacrificed his
life in ministering to tho afflicted
reople of Memphis during the yellow
fever scourge of 1878 Mr OCon
nor is survived by threo daughters i
and two sons They are Mrs Rich
ard Fitzgerald Miss Theresa OCon
nor Mrs Bartholomew Scannell and
Robert and William OConnor His
funeral took place from St Louis
Bertrands church on Monday morn
Ing
I
The funeral of Mrs Honora Cun
niff took place from St Aloysius
church on Thursday morning tho
Rev Father pQrady officiating at
the mass of requiem Her death oc
curred at the family residence lUG
Rogers street on Tuesday afternoon
Mrs Cunnlff was born iji the
County Galway Ireland soventytwo
years ago but had spent more than
half a century In Louisville Her
husband Michael Cunniff died
about twenty years ago He was
very active in local Irish affairs The
deceased Is survived by hor niece
Mrs Mary Cunnlff with whom she
made her home and by a number
of relatives In Nashville Mrs Cun
nltf was one of the old fashioned
Irish stock that is dying out all too
forgother
her church nor her country she
gave liberally of her little store of
the worlds goodsJp charity but
her giving was unostentatious The
havinglIv
lived In It
itCARD
CARD OF THANKS
To Our Kind Benefactors Wo are
happy to take this occasion to ex
press our heartfelt gratitude to each
and alt our kind benefactors who by
their various contributions during
the past year so nobly and gener
ously assisted min In keeping and ipro
vjdihg for the many poor Aged and
Infirm of our home and In rendering
their declining years as pleasant and
agreeable as poMlbte Your gener
ous charity is ever duly appreciated
tyy l M aitd by them and together < we I
unit + ° lBjiubllcly thanking iI and
art qTto bleri our good frieads I
md i w > Mf the jMir yar a lupuy sad
a proiparoui OB for ekaU
Little Miters oft poor
IJ
1
n
I
ORPHANS II I I
Made happy by Members of Two
Societies ol Young
People
Santa Clans Played No Favor
ites On ills Happy
Trip
Great AVork oiYounjr Folks Is
Very Worthy o <
Support
NO CLASS OR CREED IGNORED
To give pleasure to 1800 parent
less little ones at this holy season of
the year is certainly doing the work
of tho Saviour and such a fortunate
lot was permitted to members of the
Orphans Pleasure Club and the Doll
flub With John X Klmbergor in
the role of Santa Claus members of
these two organizations made the
rounds of the various asylums on I
Sunday and Monday Santa Claus
and his assistants played no favorites
among the orphans All were treated
alike Jews Gentiles Catholics and
nonCatholics White and colored
asylums were all visited and appro
priate gifts wore left for each child
Santa Claus and his aides were
particularly Impressed with what
they saw at the Childrens Free Hos
Vital The poor afflicted little ones
presented a pitiful sight yet their
little faces lighted with joy when
Santa and his party put in their ap
pearance Another Impressive visit
was that paid to St Thomas Orphan
Asylum on the Bardstown road
There eighty little boys are being
cared for by the Sisters of Charity
Santa had toys for everybody and
the shouts of joy made heavenly
music for tho visitors
This year Santa discarded his
sleigh and reindeer for street cars
carriages and automobiles He had
dells for all tho little girls and
noisier toys for little boys Some
rot mechanical toys and tho more
studious received desks blackboards
or books If there was an orphan
overlooked In any of the many In
ftitutlons it is not the fault of the
Doll Club and the Orphans Pleasure
Cluti o1 ° + wr + t + aIiJ1
It is not many young men or
Young women who are willing to
surrender so much of their time and
money to cater to the pleasure of
the friendless yet the two organiza
tions that joined hands In the mat
ter this year are steadily Increasing
Both bodies have come to stay and
their work will bo more extensive In
scope each year They deserve the
support of tile entire community
They have no class nor creed nor
lace distinctions The members
realize the fatherhood of God and
the brotherhood of man
Among the ladles and gentlemen
who Wore active In this grand work
were Mrs Carrie E Waller Miss
Flora Waller Mrs Huston Mrs
Lum Simons Mrs Abraham and
Messrs F Baer Louis J Kieffer
Arthur Stern Julius Becker Oscar
and X Schneider Gus Vacca Leslie
Baor and Thomas McShane
CARDINAL
Now Protector of the Sis
ters of Charity of
Nazareth
On Wednesday the welcome In
telligence was received here that
Pope Plus X had appointed Cardinal
Martlnelll as Protector of the Sisters
of Charity of Nazareth The fact that
Cardinal Martlnelll had been ap
pointed protector of the Sisters of
Charity of Nazareth v snot known
to the Sisters jot that order In Louis
ville until they were shown a press
dispatch front Rome Wednesday
night There are fiftyfive local
communities of the Sisters of Naz
creth who conduct sixteen acad
emies fiftythree parochial schools
five hospitals five asylums and
three homes
The duties of Cardinal Martlnelll
as Protector will simply be to look
after and oversee the Interests of
the community He might also act
as a court of appeal In matters af
fecting the order if such occasion
should arise Although the Sisters
of Charity of Nazareth have been In
exlstenco for ninetyeight years and
the order will observe Its centennial
In 1912 the community has just
been approved by the Pone in the
past the order has been what is
known as a diocesan one and the
members have been immediately tin
tinder
their territory Now that the order
has been approved by the Pope and
a Cardinal Protector appointed it
comes also under the Jurisdiction of
RomeThe
The Sisters of Charity ot Nazareth
Is purely an American order It was
founded in Kentucky on December
1 1821 sit St Thomas In 1822
the Sisters moved their mother
house to its present location There
are now everal branches of the
order Jn J Kentucky Ohio + Mississippi
Tennessee ArHanaas yirgtela Mary
laiid and MawaehHuettp There are
about 809 istmberi In the east
numltyv I Th er4rdo i neactead
c ttit We of Uu UnlUd Stafci
y
yI
iiii i
iii
n
Y M I
Official Visits to councils
in Kentucky Juris
diction >
t
With tho now year there will be
an awakening of interest In tho
Young Mens Institute throughout
the Kentucky jurisdiction For this
I
V K ECKER I
President of Trinity Council
purpose Grand President George
Lawo of Memphis has deputized
former Grand Secretary George J
Lautz of this city to visit a number
of places in this State when meet
ings will be held and the many beno
fits young men derive from mem
bership In this excellent Catholic
society set forth Deputy Lautz will
leave next week and before return
Ing will visit Frankfort Lexington
Winchester Paris Cynthlana and
Carlisle With him at Lexington will
be Supreme Vice President Robert T
Burke who has been doing effective
work for the Y M I since effectiveI I
journment of the Supreme Council
at San Francisco
Grand President Lawo and Grand I
Secretary Barbour are determined to
build up this organization which at
one time numbered forty councils atIi Ii
this jurisdiction and It Is the duty
of officers and members
the every
where to render them every possible
assistance It Is the intention to
strengthen the weaker councils and
organize now ones where none now
exist and when It becomes generally
known that this movement will have
the assistance mId services of the
i State degree team it Is expected
therewlllbeiiaUroylvalintalHiplace JJ
where there Is or has been a council
JEFFEKSONYILLE
Hibernians Hold fa Rous
ing Meeting and Elect
Officers
Tho last meeting of the year of
Division 1 A O H of Jefforsonvlllo
was a rousing one and very interest
Ing This division Is tho pioneer
ploneerI I
Catholic society of our sister city
and In tho membership will be
found many of Its most representa
tive and Influential citizens Always
ably represented tho Jeffersonvllle
Hibernians have been active and
prominent In the State conventions
of the order and never have they
failed when called upon to assist
their local clergy The fact that the
election of officers was to take
place brought out the full strength
and the reports submitted were grat
D J COLEMAN
President of Division 3 A 0 H
Ifylng After the regular order the
election was held and the following
officers chosen
Chaplain Rev John OConnell
County President Lawrence
Ford
President John G Cole
Vice President J E Murphy
Recording SecretaryHugh Mc
GrodyFinancial Sepretary John Hogan
Treasurer Raymond Stanton
SergeantatArms Michael Gar
rlty Sentinel 11hotna8 Gleason
Marshal Michael Noon
The InstaUatlpn will take place
at the first meeting in the j pw year
and it Is intimated that lOon there
after a eamiwlgnwlll H inaugurated
to greatly Increase the rileabrshli
Plana will also BOOB be formed for
ML apprepptefe observance of St
Patrick day
K
IJ
0
i1
LIMERICK
Land ot Golden Yale Is Full
ot Interest to All
Irishmen
Rich in Historic Itiiins It I
the Goal of Many
Students
The Beautiful Shannon Drain
Almost the Entire
County w
HOME OF BROKEN TREATY SFONE
e
Limerick Is full of interest to tho
Irish antiquary and historian Tho
county takes Its namo from the
Gaelic Luimneach elnlfying a bare
spot The county is bounded on tho
north by tho River Shannon and
County Clare on tho east by Tip
perary on the south by Cork and on
the west by Kerry From tho head
of tho River Feale to Galtymoro It
is fifty miles long Its greatest
lIs
breath Is thirtythree miles It hag
j an area of 1064 square miles andi i
a population of about 180000
The corner lying northeast of the
Shannon and Limerick City is
mountainous The southeast corner
which Includes the barony of Cash
lea Is also more or less mountain
ous and the whole western part of
the county lying west of Rathkealo <
Is a continued succession of hills and
uplands The center of the county
Is a great plain almost surroupded
by the mountainous bulwarks of the
east and west This plain Is said to
contain fhrbiest arable land In
Ireland Parrpt t It which stretches
eastward toward Tipperary Is
known as the Golden Vale
From Limerick City to Foynes tho
Limerick shore of the Shannon Is
low except that Aughlnlsh Island
rises toa height of 106 feet Foynes y
Island is 196 feet high and from
that downward is a succession of
bluffs from 100 to upward of 300
feet over the river There Is a suc
cession of mansions and demesnes
the whole way down from Limerick
to Tarbort etlntwtth shoresu
1 Very17 bea fl f9r
ShannonLimerick
Limerick 1d rich In rivers and
streams The Shannon first touches
Limerick a mllo above OBriens a
bridge and from this down to Tar
bert a distance of fortyeight miles 1
following the windings of the shore t
It forms the boundary of the county
except for six miles partly above and
partly below Limerick City where
a small portion of the county lies
on the right bank of the river A
little below Limerick the Shannon
becomes very wide and drains almost
tho entire county Other rivers and
streams nearly all of Which are
tributary to the Shannon are the
Mulkear the Newport the Annagh
the Bllboa the Dead the Caher
nullla tho Malguo the Deel the
Sulr and the Blackwater
Lough Gur the only lake of any
consequence in the county is three
miles north of Bruff It Is some
thing more than a mile in length
Irregular In shape and surrounded
by lovely hills On its islands and
round its shores there are numbers
of most Interesting remains of
antiquity castles crumlechs sepul
chral chambers stone circles and
+
circular raths or forts
Limerick City with population
of about 38000 Iso very ancient
origin It contains many Interesting
remains of antiquity among them
the old Cathedral founded in the
twelfth century and rebuilt In the
fifteenth King Johns castle and a
portion of tho old town walls
Three miles southwest of Limerick
Is tho ancient priory of Mungret an
establishment of great antiquity It
was formerly a celebrated center of
learning and Is said to have housed
at one time 1500 monks A visit
to the city of Limerick Is not worth
while unless one visits the broken
treaty stone erected at the foot of
Thomond Bridge It commemorates
tho famous treaty of Limerick
signed by the Irish and the Wllllam
Ices when the city capitulated after v
one of the most heroic defenses in
history The treaty was broken by
the British as Davis says ere
Ink wherewith twas writ could t
Limerick Is also adorned by a heroic
monument of Its groat defender
Patrick Sarsflold
In the County Limerick is also
Adaro Abbey Adaro is one of the
most beautiful places in the Prov
ince of Muhster It is rich in ancient
archaeological ruins among them
those of several religious houses A
number Qt these are situated within
the beautiful park of the Earl of
Dunraven Black Abbey was liullt In
1279 by John the first Earl flu KII
dare Nearby Is a castle ot rthe
Desmonds The late Earl of Dun
raven repaired some of these antique
buildings so < completely that they are
good for centuries to come One of
them he appropriated to the Prot
estant service another Holy Trimf
ity or Black Abbey he gave lv rto J
Catholic worship It consist of
pave and choir and U surmounted by
an embattled tower aim lit au in
cellent state of pfeMrraUbn Olsen tc
Llm4rlck wM the outlast realm oC
the 0 Donovan and tbe Deearaeitu
n

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